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  • 1.
    Abdullaev, Farakhulla
    et al.
    Centro de Física Teórica e Computacional, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.
    Konotop, V. V.
    Centro de Física Teórica e Computacional, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.
    Ögren, Magnus
    Department of Mathematics, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
    Sørensen, M. P.
    Department of Mathematics, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
    Zeno effect and switching of solitons in nonlinear couplers2011Ingår i: Optics Letters, ISSN 0146-9592, E-ISSN 1539-4794, Vol. 36, nr 23, s. 4566-4568Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Zeno effect is investigated for soliton type pulses in a nonlinear directional coupler with dissipation. The effect consists in increase of the coupler transparency with increase of the dissipative losses in one of the arms. It is shown that localized dissipation can lead to switching of solitons between the arms. Power losses accompanying the switching can be fully compensated by using a combination of dissipative and active (in particular, parity-time-symmetric) segments.

  • 2.
    Abdullaev, Fatkhulla
    et al.
    Physical-Technical Institute, Uzbek Academy of Sciences, Tashkent, Uzbekistan; Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, São Paulo, Brazil.
    Ögren, Magnus
    Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
    Sørensen, M. P.
    Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
    Faraday waves in quasi-one-dimensional superfluid Fermi-Bose mixtures2013Ingår i: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 87, nr 2, artikel-id 023616Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The generation of Faraday waves in superfluid Fermi-Bose mixtures in elongated traps is investigated. The generation of waves is achieved by periodically changing a parameter of the system in time. Two types of modulations of parameters are considered: a variation of the fermion-boson scattering length and the boson-boson scattering length. We predict the properties of the generated Faraday patterns and study the parameter regions where they can be excited.

  • 3.
    Abdullaev, Fatkhulla
    et al.
    Physical-Technical Institute, Uzbek Academy of Sciences, Tashkent, Uzbekistan; CNH, Universidade Federal do ABC, Santo André, Brazil.
    Ögren, Magnus
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik. Nano Science Center, Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, København, Denmark.
    Sørensen, Mads-Peter
    Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
    Collective dynamics of Fermi-Bose mixtures with an oscillating scattering length2019Ingår i: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 99, nr 3, artikel-id 033614Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Collective oscillations of superfluid mixtures of ultra cold fermionic and bosonic atoms are investigated while varying the fermion-boson scattering length. We study the dynamics with respect to excited center of mass modes and breathing modes in the mixture. Parametric resonances are also analyzed when the scattering length varies periodically in time, by comparing partial differential equation (PDE) models and ordinary differential equation (ODE) models for the dynamics. An application to the recent experiment with fermionic Li-6 and bosonic Li-7 atoms, which approximately have the same masses, is discussed.

  • 4.
    Aissaoui, Nesrine
    et al.
    Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Moth-Poulsen, Kasper
    Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Käll, Mikael
    Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Johansson, Peter
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Wilhelmsson, L. Marcus
    Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Albinsson, Bo
    Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    FRET enhancement close to gold nanoparticles positioned in DNA origami constructs2017Ingår i: Nanoscale, ISSN 2040-3364, E-ISSN 2040-3372, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 673-683Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Here we investigate the energy transfer rates of a Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) pair positioned in close proximity to a 5 nm gold nanoparticle (AuNP) on a DNA origami construct. We study the distance dependence of the FRET rate by varying the location of the donor molecule, D, relative to the AuNP while maintaining a fixed location of the acceptor molecule, A. The presence of the AuNP induces an alteration in the spontaneous emission of the donor (including radiative and non-radiative rates) which is strongly dependent on the distance between the donor and AuNP surface. Simultaneously, the energy transfer rates are enhanced at shorter D-A (and D-AuNP) distances. Overall, in addition to the direct influence of the acceptor and AuNP on the donor decay there is also a significant increase in decay rate not explained by the sum of the two interactions. This leads to enhanced energy transfer between donor and acceptor in the presence of a 5 nm AuNP. We also demonstrate that the transfer rate in the three "particle" geometry (D + A + AuNP) depends approximately linearly on the transfer rate in the donor-AuNP system, suggesting the possibility to control FRET process with electric field induced by 5 nm AuNPs close to the donor fluorophore. It is concluded that DNA origami is a very versatile platform for studying interactions between molecules and plasmonic nanoparticles in general and FRET enhancement in particular.

  • 5.
    Aksteiner, Steffen
    et al.
    Albert Einstein Institute, Potsdam, Germany.
    Andersson, Lars
    Albert Einstein Institute, Potsdam, Germany.
    Bäckdahl, Thomas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik. Mathematical Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology and University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
    New identities for linearized gravity on the Kerr spacetime2019Ingår i: Physical Review D: covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology, ISSN 2470-0010, E-ISSN 2470-0029, Vol. 99, nr 4, artikel-id 044043Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we derive a differential identity for linearized gravity on the Kerr spacetime and more generally on vacuum spacetimes of Petrov type D. We show that a linear combination of second derivatives of the linearized Weyl tensor can be formed into a complex symmetric 2-tensor M-ab which solves the linearized Einstein equations. The identity makes this manifest by relating M-ab to two terms solving the linearized Einstein equations by construction. The self-dual Weyl curvature of M-ab gives a covariant version of the Teukolsky-Starobinsky identities for linearized gravity which, in addition to the two classical identities for linearized Weyl scalars with extreme spin weights, includes three additional equations. In particular, they are not consequences of the classical Teukolsky-Starobinsky identities, but are additional integrability conditions for linearized gravity. The result has direct application in the construction of symmetry operators and also yields a set of nontrivial gauge invariants for linearized gravity.

  • 6. Alegret, Joan
    et al.
    Johansson, Peter
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Käll, Mikael
    Green’s tensor calculations of plasmon resonances of single holes and hole pairs in thin gold films2008Ingår i: New Journal of Physics, ISSN 1367-2630, E-ISSN 1367-2630, Vol. 10, nr 105004Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present numerical calculations of the plasmon properties of single-hole and hole-pair structures in optically thin gold films obtained with the Green’s tensor formalism for stratified media. The method can be used to obtain the optical properties of a given hole system, without problems associated with the truncation of the infinite metal film. The calculations are compared with previously published experimental data and an excellent agreement is found. In particular, the calculations are shown to reproduce the evolution of the hole plasmon resonance spectrum as a function of hole diameter, film thickness and hole separation.

  • 7. Alegret, Joan
    et al.
    Käll, Mikael
    Johansson, Peter
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap.
    Top-down extended meshing algorithm and its applications to Green's tensor nano-optics calculations2007Ingår i: Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics: Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics, ISSN 1063-651X, E-ISSN 1095-3787, Vol. 75, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a computational algorithm which speeds up Green's tensor nano-optics calculations by means of optimizing the mesh that represents the system we want to investigate. The algorithm automates the process of creating a variable-size mesh that describes an arbitrary nanostructure. The total number of elements of this mesh is smaller than that of a regular mesh representing the same structure, and thus the Green's tensor calculations can be performed faster. Precision, however, is kept at a similar level than for the regular mesh. Typically, the algorithm yields a mesh that speeds up Green's tensor calculations by a factor of 4, while giving a maximum error in the field magnitude of about 5%. The speed-up factor makes it very suitable for otherwise lengthy calculations, and the error should be acceptable for most applications.

  • 8.
    Alhulaimi, Bassemah
    et al.
    Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada .
    Coley, Alan
    Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada .
    Sandin, Patrik
    Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada; Max-Planck-Institut für Gravitationsphysik (Albert-Einstein-Institut), Potsdam, Germany.
    Anisotropic Einstein-aether cosmological models2013Ingår i: Journal of Mathematical Physics, ISSN 0022-2488, E-ISSN 1089-7658, Vol. 54, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate a class of spatially anisotropic cosmological models in Einstein-aether theory with a scalar field in which the self-interaction potential depends on the timelike aether vector field through the expansion and shear scalars. We derive the evolution equations in terms of expansion-normalized variables, which reduce to a dynamical system. We study the local stability of the equilibrium points of the dynamical system corresponding to physically realistic solutions, and find that there are always ranges of values of the parameters of the models for which there exists an inflationary attractor. © 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.

  • 9.
    Allasia, D
    et al.
    Università di Torino, INFN, Turin, Italy.
    Lettenström, Frans
    University of California, Santa Cruz CA, United States.
    Windmolders, R
    Université de l'Etat Mons, Mons, Belgium.
    Inelastic J ψ production in deep inelastic scattering from hydrogen and deuterium and the gluon distribution of free nucleons1991Ingår i: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 258, nr 3-4, s. 493-498Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present results on inelastic J/PSI-production from muon interactions with hydrogen and deuterium at an incident muon energy of 280 GeV. The measured cross section ratio per nucleon for muon-induced J/PSI-production in deuterium and hydrogen was found to be R(D2/H2) = 1.01 +/- 0.15. The colour singlet model is shown to provide a good description of the observed differential cross section apart from a normalisation factor. The comparison between the observed cross section and the colour singlet model prediction allows the extraction of the gluon structure function G(chi) of the nucleon. The momentum fraction-chi of the nucleon carried by the gluon is measured in the range of chi = [0.02, 0.30]. The normalised gluon distribution of free nucleons thus found can be parametrised as chi-G(chi) = 1/2 (eta + 1)(1 - chi)eta, with eta = 5.1 +/- 0.9 (stat).

  • 10.
    Allasia, D
    et al.
    Università di Torino, INFN, Turin, Italy.
    Lettenström, Frans
    University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Windmolders, R
    Université de l'Etat Mons, Mons, Belgium.
    Measurement of the neutron and the proton F2 structure function ratio1990Ingår i: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 249, nr 2, s. 366-372Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 11.
    Amaudruz, P
    et al.
    Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland.
    Lettenström, Frans
    University of California, Santa Cruz, United States.
    Zetsche, F
    Max-Planck Institut für Kernphysik, Heidelberg, Germany.
    A re-evaluation of the nuclear structure function ratios for D, He, 6Li, C and Ca1995Ingår i: Nuclear Physics B, ISSN 0550-3213, E-ISSN 1873-1562, Vol. 441, nr 1-2, s. 3-11Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a re-evaluation of the structure function ratios F-2(He)/F-2(D), F-2(C)/F-2(D) and F-2(Ca)/F-2(D) measured in deep inelastic muon-nucleus scattering at an incident muon momentum of 200 GeV. We also present the ratios F-2(C)/F-2(Li), F-2(Ca)/F-2(Li) and F-2(Ca)/F-2(C) measured at 90 GeV. The results are based on data already published by NMC; the main difference in the analysis is a correction for the masses of the deuterium targets and an improvement in the radiative corrections. The kinematic range covered is 0.0035 < x < 0.65, 0.5 < Q(2) < 90 GeV2 for the He/D, C/D and Ca/D data and 0.0085 < x < 0.6, 0.84 < Q(2) < 17 GeV2 for the Li/C/Ca ones.

  • 12. Amaudruz, P
    et al.
    Lettenström, Frans
    University of California, Santa Cruz CA, United States.
    Zetsche, F
    Gottfried sum from the ratio F2n/F2p1991Ingår i: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 66, nr 21, s. 2712-2715Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Experimental results obtained at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron on the structure-function ratio F2n/F2p in the kinematic range 0.004 < x < 0.8 and 0.4 < Q2 < 190 GeV2, together with the structure function F2d determined from a fit to published data, are used to derive the difference F2p(x) - F2n(x). The value of the Gottfried sum integral (F2p - F2n) dx/x = 0.240 +/- 0.016 is below the quark-parton-model expectation of 1/3.

  • 13.
    Amaudruz, P
    et al.
    Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland.
    Lettenström, Frans
    Institute for Particle Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz CA, United States.
    Zetsche, F
    Max Planck Institut für Kernphysik, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Measurements of Rd-Rp and RCa-Rc in deep inelastic muon scattering1992Ingår i: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 294, nr 1, s. 120-126Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Results are presented on the difference in R, the ratio of longitudinally to transversely polarised virtual photon absorption cross sections, for the deuteron and the proton. They are obtained by comparing the ratio of cross sections for the deep inelastic scattering of muons from deuterium and hydrogen targets at 90 and 280 GeV incident energy. The results cover the range x = 0.01 -0.30, at an average Q2 of 9 GeV2. The measured difference R(d)-R(p) shows no significant x dependence and is compatible with zero, as well as with expectations from perturbative QCD. We use the same method to obtain the difference R(Ca)-R(C) from cross section ratios measured on carbon and calcium targets at 90 and 200 GeV incident energy.

  • 14.
    Amaudruz, P
    et al.
    Paul Scherrer Institute, Villingen, Switzerland.
    Lettenström, Frans
    University of California, Santa Cruz CA, United States.
    Zetsche, F
    MPI Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Precision measurement of structure function ratios for 6Li, 12C and 40Ca1992Ingår i: Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields, ISSN 0170-9739, E-ISSN 1431-5858, Vol. 53, nr 1, s. 73-77Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The structure function ratios F2C/F2Li, F2Ca/F2Li and F2Ca/F2C were measured in deep inelastic muon-nucleus scattering at an incident muon energy of 90 GeV, covering the kinematic range 0.0085 < x < 0.6 and 0.8 < Q2 < 17 GeV2. The sensitivity of the nuclear structure functions to the size and mean density of the target nucleus is discussed.

  • 15.
    Amaudruz, P
    et al.
    Paul Scherrer Institute, Villingen, Switzerland.
    Lettenström, Frans
    University of California, Santa Cruz CA, United States.
    Zetsche, F
    MPI Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Precision measurement of the structure function ratios F2He/F2D, F2C/F2D and F2Ca/F2D1991Ingår i: Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields, ISSN 0170-9739, E-ISSN 1431-5858, Vol. 51, nr 3, s. 387-393Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present the structure function ratios F2He/F2D, F2C/F2D and F2Ca/F2D measured in deep inelastic muon-nucleus scattering at an incident muon momentum of 200 GeV. The kinematic range 0.0035 < x < 0.65 and 0.5 < Q2 < 90 GeV2 is covered. At low x the three ratios are significantly smaller than unity and the size of the depletion grows with decreasing x and increasing mass number A. At intermediate x the ratios show an enhancement of about 2% above unity for C/D and Ca/D, possibly less for He/D. There are indications of some Q2 dependence in the Ca/D data. The integrals of the structure function differences F2A-F2D are discussed.

  • 16.
    Amaudruz, P
    et al.
    Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland.
    Lettenström, Frans
    Physics Department, Freiburg University, Freiburg, Germany.
    Zetsche, F
    Max Planck Institut für Kernphysik, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Proton and deuteron F2 structure functions in deep inelastic muon scattering1992Ingår i: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 295, nr 1-2, s. 159-168Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The structure functions F2p and F2d measured by deep inelastic muon scattering at incident energies of 90 and 280 GeV are presented. These measurements cover a large kinematic range, 0.006 less-than-or-equal-to x less-than-or-equal-to 0.6 and 0.5 less-than-or-equal-to Q2 less-than-or-equal-to 55 GeV2, and include the first precise data at small x, where large scaling violations are observed. The data agree with earlier results from SLAC and BCDMS but exhibit differences with respect to those of EMC-NA2. Extrapolations to small x of recent phenomenological parton distributions are shown to disagree with the present results.

  • 17.
    Amaudruz, P
    et al.
    Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland.
    Lettenström, Frans
    University of California, Institute for Particle Physics, Santa Cruz CA, United States.
    Zetsche, F
    Max-Planck Institut für Kernphysik, Heidelberg, Germany.
    The ratio F2 n/F2 p in deep inelastic muon scattering1992Ingår i: Nuclear Physics B, ISSN 0550-3213, E-ISSN 1873-1562, Vol. 371, nr 1-2, s. 3-31Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Results are presented on the ratio of neutron and proton structure functions, F2n/F2p, deduced from deep inelastic scattering of muons from hydrogen and deuterium. The data, which were obtained at the CERN muon beam at 90 and 280 GeV incident energy, cover the kinematic range x = 0.002-0.80 and Q2 = 0.1-190 GeV2. The measured structure function ratios have small statistical and systematic errors, particularly at small and intermediate x. The observed Q2 dependence in the range x = 0.1-0.4 is stronger than predicted by perturbative QCD. From the present data together with results from other experiments it is suggested that the twist-four coefficient for the proton is smaller than that for the neutron for x larger than 0.2.

  • 18.
    Amaudruz, P
    et al.
    Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland.
    Lettenström, Frans
    University of California, Santa Cruz CA, United States.
    Zetsche, F
    MPI für Kernphysik, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Transverse momentum distributions for exclusive ρ0 muoproduction1992Ingår i: Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields, ISSN 0170-9739, E-ISSN 1431-5858, Vol. 54, nr 2, s. 239-245Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We have studied transverse momentum distributions for exclusive rho(0) muoproduction on protons and heavier nuclei at 2 < Q2 < 25 GeV2. The Q2 dependence of the slopes of the p(t)2 and t' distributions is discussed. The influence of the non-exclusive background is investigated. The p(t)2-slope for exclusive events is 4.3 +/- 0.6 +/- 0.7 GeV-2 at large Q2. The p(t)2 spectra are much softer than inclusive p(t)2 spectra of leading hadrons produced in deep inelastic scattering.

  • 19.
    Andersen, Jørgen Ellegaard
    et al.
    Center for Quantum Geometry of Moduli Spaces, University of Aarhus, Århus, Denmark.
    Fjelstad, Jens
    Department of Physics, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Reducibility of quantum representations of mapping class groups2010Ingår i: Letters in Mathematical Physics, ISSN 0377-9017, E-ISSN 1573-0530, Vol. 91, nr 3, s. 215-239Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we provide a general condition for the reducibility of the Reshetikhin–Turaev quantum representations of the mapping class groups. Namely, for any modular tensor category with a special symmetric Frobenius algebra with a non-trivial genus one partition function, we prove that the quantum representations of all the mapping class groups built from the modular tensor category are reducible. In particular, for SU(N) we get reducibility for certain levels and ranks. For the quantum SU(2) Reshetikhin–Turaev theory we construct a decomposition for all even levels. We conjecture this decomposition is a complete decomposition into irreducible representations for high enough levels.

  • 20.
    Andrén, Daniel
    et al.
    Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Shao, Lei
    Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Länk, Nils Odebo
    Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Acimovic, Srdjan S.
    Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Johansson, Peter
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik. Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Käll, Mikael
    Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Probing Photothermal Effects on Optically Trapped Gold Nanorods by Simultaneous Plasmon Spectroscopy and Brownian Dynamics Analysis2017Ingår i: ACS Nano, ISSN 1936-0851, E-ISSN 1936-086X, Vol. 11, nr 10, s. 10053-10061Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Plasmonic gold nanorods are prime candidates for a variety of biomedical, spectroscopy, data storage, and sensing applications. It was recently shown that gold nanorods optically trapped by a focused circularly polarized laser beam can function as extremely efficient nanoscopic rotary motors. The system holds promise for-applications ranging from nanofluidic flow control and nanorobotics to biomolecular actuation and analysis. However, to fully exploit this potential, one needs to be able to control and understand heating effects associated with laser trapping. We investigated photothermal heating of individual rotating gold nanorods by simultaneously probing their localized surface plasmon resonance spectrum and rotational Brownian dynamics over extended periods of time. The data reveal an extremely slow nanoparticle reshaping process, involving migration of the order of a few hundred atoms per minute, for moderate laser powers and a trapping wavelength close to plasmon resonance. The plasmon spectroscopy and Brownian analysis allows for separate temperature estimates based on the refractive index and the viscosity of the water surrounding a trapped nanorod. We show that both measurements yield similar effective temperatures, which correspond to the actual temperature at a distance of the order 10-15 nm from the particle surface. Our results shed light on photothermal processes on the nanoscale and will be useful in evaluating the applicability and performance of nanorod motors and optically heated nanoparticles for a variety of applications.

  • 21.
    Ashman, J
    et al.
    Department of Physics, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom; Faculté des Sciences, Université de L'Etat à Mons, Mons, Belgium.
    Lettenström, Frans
    Istituto di Fisica, Università di Torino, Turin, Italy; Faculté des Sciences, Université de L'Etat à Mons, Mons, Belgium.
    Womersley, W J
    Department of Physics, University of Lancaster, Lancaster, United Kingdom; Faculté des Sciences, Université de L'Etat à Mons, Mons, Belgium.
    Measurement of the ratios of deep inelastic muon-nucleus cross sections on various nuclei compared to deuterium1988Ingår i: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 202, nr 4, s. 603-610Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 22.
    Ashman, J
    et al.
    Department of Physics, University, Sheffield, United Kingdom.
    Lettenström, Frans
    Gustav Werners Institut, University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Womersley, WJ
    Nuclear Physics Laboratory, University, Oxford, United Kingdom.
    Exclusive ρ0 and Φ production in deep inelastic muon scattering1988Ingår i: Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields, ISSN 0170-9739, E-ISSN 1431-5858, Vol. 39, nr 2, s. 169-175Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Data are presented on exclusive ρ0 and φ{symbol} production in deep inelastic muon scattering from a target consisting mainly of nitrogen. The ratio of the total cross sections for ρ0 and φ{symbol} production is found to be 9:(1.6±0.4) at 〈Q2〉=7.5 GeV2, consistent with the SU(3) prediction of 9:2. The t dependence for exclusive ρ0 production is found to become shallover as Q2 increases and, for large Q2, the t dependence is typical of that for a hard scattering process. Furthermore, the ratio of the cross sections for coherent: incoherent production from nitrogen is found to decrease rapidly with Q2. Such behaviour indicates that even for exclusive vector meson production the virtual photon behaves predominantly as an electromagnetic probe.

  • 23.
    Ashman, J
    et al.
    Department of Physics, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.
    Lettenström, Frans
    Department of Radiation Science, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ziemons, K
    III Physikalisches Institut A, Physikzentrum, RWTH, Aachen, Germany.
    A measurement of the ratio of the nucleon structure function in copper and deuterium1993Ingår i: Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields, ISSN 0170-9739, E-ISSN 1431-5858, Vol. 57, nr 2, s. 211-218Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Results are presented on the ratios of the nucleon structure function in copper to deuterium from two separate experiments. The data confirm that the nucleon structure function, F2, is different for bound nucleons than for the quasi-free ones in the deuteron. The redistribution in the fraction of the nucleon's momentum carried by quarks is investigated and it is found that the data are compatible with no integral loss of quark momenta due to nuclear effects.

  • 24.
    Ashman, J
    et al.
    Department of Physics, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.
    Lettenström, Frans
    Istituto di Fisica, Università di Torino, Turin, Italy.
    Ziemons, K
    Fachbereich Physik, Universität Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany.
    A measurement of the spin asymmetry and determination of the structure function g1 in deep inelastic muon-proton scattering1988Ingår i: Physics Letters B, ISSN 0370-2693, E-ISSN 1873-2445, Vol. 206, nr 2, s. 364-370Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 25.
    Ashman, J
    et al.
    Department of Physics, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.
    Lettenström, Frans
    Department of Radiation Science, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ziemons, K
    III. Physikalisches Institut A, Physikzentrum, RWTH, Aachen, FRG.
    An investigation of the spin structure of the proton in deep inelastic scattering of polarised muons on polarised protons1989Ingår i: Nuclear Physics B, ISSN 0550-3213, E-ISSN 1873-1562, Vol. 328, nr 1, s. 1-35Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 26.
    Ashman, J
    et al.
    Department of Physics, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.
    Lettenström, Frans
    Department of Radiation Science, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ziemons, K
    III Physikalisches Institut A, Physikzentrum, RWTH, Aachen, Germany.
    Forward produced hadrons in μp and μd scattering and investigation of the charge structure of the nucleon1991Ingår i: Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields, ISSN 0170-9739, E-ISSN 1431-5858, Vol. 52, nr 3, s. 361-387Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Final data measured with the EMC forward spectrometer are presented on the production of forward charged hadrons in mu-p and mu-d scattering at incident beam energies between 100 and 280 GeV. The large statistic of 373000 events allows a study of the semi-inclusive hadron production as a function of z, p(T)2 and <p(T)2> in small Q2, x(Bj) and W bins. Charge multiplicity ratios and differences as a function of z and x(Bj) are given for p, d and n-targets. From the differences of charge multiplicities the ratio of the valence quark distributions of the proton d-upsilon(x)/u-upsilon(x) is determined for the first time in charged lepton scattering. The Gronau et al. sum rule is tested, the measured sum being 0.31 +/- 0.06 stat. +/- 0.05 syst., compared with the theoretical expectation of 2/7 almost-equal-to 0.286. The measured sum corresponds to an absolute value of the ratio of the d and u quark charge of 0.44 +/- 0.10 stat. +/- 0.08 syst.

  • 27.
    Ashman, J
    et al.
    Department of Physics, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.
    Lettenström, Frans
    Department of Radiation Science, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ziemons, K
    III Physikalisches Institut A, Physikzentrum, RWTH, Aachen, Germany.
    Muoproduction of J/ψ and the gluon distribution of the nucleon1992Ingår i: Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields, ISSN 0170-9739, E-ISSN 1431-5858, Vol. 56, nr 1, s. 21-28Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Measurements are presented of the inclusive distributions of the J/psi meson produced by muons of energy 200 GeV from an ammonia target. The gluon distribution of the nucleon has been derived from the data in the range 0.04 < x < 0.36 using a technique based on the colour singlet model. An arbitrary normalisation factor is required to obtain a reasonable integral of the gluon distribution. Some comments are made on the use of J/psi production by virtual photons to extract the gluon distribution at HERA.

  • 28.
    Bergström, Per
    et al.
    Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Khodadad, Davood
    Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Hällstig, Emil
    Optronic Partner Dp AB, Skellefteå, Sweden.
    Sjödahl, Mikael
    Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Dual-wavelength digital holography: single-shot shape evaluation using speckle displacements and regularization2014Ingår i: Applied Optics, ISSN 1559-128X, E-ISSN 2155-3165, Vol. 53, nr 1, s. 123-131Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the possibility of evaluating the shape of a free-form object in comparison with its shape prescribed by a CAD model. Measurements are made based on a single-shot recording using dual-wavelength holography with a synthetic wavelength of 1.4&#xA0;mm. Each hologram is numerically propagated to different focus planes and correlated. The result is a vector field of speckle displacements that is linearly dependent on the local distance between the measured surface and the focus plane. From these speckle displacements, a gradient field of the measured surface is extracted through a proportional relationship. The gradient field obtained from the measurement is then aligned to the shape of the CAD model using the iterative closest point (ICP) algorithm and regularization. Deviations between the measured shape and the CAD model are found from the phase difference field, giving a high precision shape evaluation. The phase differences and the CAD model are also used to find a representation of the measured shape. The standard deviation of the measured shape relative the CAD model varies between 7 and 19 μm, depending on the slope.

  • 29.
    Bergström, Per
    et al.
    Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Khodadad, Davood
    Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Hällstig, Emil
    Optronic Partner dp AB, Skellefteå, Sweden.
    Sjödahl, Mikael
    Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Single Shot Shape Evaluation Using Dual-Wavelength Holographic Reconstructions and Regularization2014Ingår i: Fringe 2013: 7th International Workshop on Advanced Optical Imaging and Metrology / [ed] Wolfgang Osten, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2014, s. 103-108Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work is to evaluate the shape of a free form object using single shot digital holography. The digital holography results in a gradient field and wrapped phase maps representing the shape of the object. The task is then to find a surface representation from this data which is an inverse problem. To solve this inverse problem we are using regularization with additional shape information from the CAD-model of the measured object.

  • 30. Billnert, R.
    et al.
    Oberstedt, S.
    Andreotti, E.
    Hult, M.
    Marissens, G.
    Oberstedt, Andreas
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    New information on the characteristics of 1 in. x 1 in. cerium bromide scintillation detectors2011Ingår i: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, E-ISSN 1872-9576, Vol. 647, nr 1, s. 94-99Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In view of highly demanded new and accurate data on prompt gamma-ray emission in nuclear fission a major part of investigations is directed towards the selection of suitable detector systems. Here we have studied a new type of crystal scintillation detectors made from cerium bromide (CeBr(3)). For the first time a full characterization of such a detector is presented in terms of energy resolution, pulse-height linearity, intrinsic activity and intrinsic timing resolution. In particular the latter one is very important for prompt fission gamma-ray studies, because the presence of fast neutrons, emitted in fission too, requires the time-of-flight method for their discrimination. The energy resolution has been found to be comparable to that of cerium-doped LaCl(3):Ce detectors at an efficiency comparable to the one of a LaBr(3):Ce detector of the same size. The intrinsic activity of the CeBr(3) crystal was observed to be much lower compared to lanthanum halide crystals. The intrinsic timing resolution of a coaxial 1 in. x 1 in. sized detector was measured relative to that of a previously characterized LaCl(3):Ce detector and found to be (326 +/- 7) Ps at (60)Co energies, which is in between those of a LaBr(3):Ce and a LaCl(3):Ce detector of same size. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 31.
    Birgersson, Evert
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap.
    Determination of binary fission-fragment yields in the reaction 251Cf(nth, f) and Verification of nuclear reaction theory predictions of fission-fragment distributions in the reaction 238U(n, f)2007Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Neutron-induced fission has been studied at different excitation energies of the compound nucleus by measurements on the two fissioning systems, 252Cf* and 239U*.

    For the first time, the light fission fragment yields from the reaction 251Cf(nth, f) have been measured with high resolution. This experiment was performed with the recoil mass spectrometer LOHENGRIN at ILL in Grenoble, France. When the results from this work, where the compound nucleus is at thermal excitation, are compared to the spontaneous fission of 252Cf, enhanced emission yields as well as an increased mean kinetic energy is observed around A = 115. This suggests the existence of an additional super-deformed fission mode in 252Cf.

    The reaction 238U(n, f) was studied using the 2E-technique with a double Frisch grid ionization chamber. Fission fragment mass, energy and angular distributions were determined for incident neutron energies between 0.9 and 2.0 MeV. The experiments were performed at the Van de Graaff accelerator of IRMM in Geel, Belgium. This is the first measurement of the mass distribution for incident neutron energies around 0.9 MeV. The motivation for studying 238U(n, f) was to verify theoretical predictions of the mass distribution at the vibrational resonance in the fission cross section at 0.9 MeV. However, the predicted changes in fission fragment distributions could not be confirmed.

    A precise modelling of the fission process for the minor actinides becomes very important for future generation IV and accelerator driven nuclear reactors. Since fission fragment distributions depend on the excitation of the fissioning system, so does the number of delayed neutrons, which are one of the safety parameters in a reactor.

    Delarbeten
    1. Binary fission-fragment yields from the reaction 251Cf(nth, f)
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Binary fission-fragment yields from the reaction 251Cf(nth, f)
    Visa övriga...
    2005 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nuclear fission and fission-product spectroscopy: 3rd international workshop on nuclear fission and fission-product spectroscopy, American Institute of Physics , 2005, s. 349-352Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The recoil mass spectrometer LOHENGRIN of the Laue-Langevin Institute, Grenoble has been used to measure the light fission-fragment mass yield and kinetic energy distributions from neutron-induced 252Cf*, using 251Cf as target material. ©2005 American Institute of Physics

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    American Institute of Physics, 2005
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Subatomär fysik Naturvetenskap Fysik
    Forskningsämne
    Fysik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-11214 (URN)10.1063/1.2137266 (DOI)0-7354-0288-4 (ISBN)
    Konferens
    The 3rd International Workshop on NUCLEAR FISSION AND FISSION-PRODUCT SPECTROSCOPY, Château de Cadarache, Saint Paul lez Durance, France, May 11-14, 2005
    Tillgänglig från: 2007-09-03 Skapad: 2007-09-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Light fission-fragment mass distribution from the reaction 251Cf(nth, f)
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Light fission-fragment mass distribution from the reaction 251Cf(nth, f)
    Visa övriga...
    2007 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 791, nr 1-2, s. 1-23Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    For mass numbers A = 80 to 124 the recoil mass spectrometer LOHENGRIN of the Institute Laue-Langevin in Grenoble was used to measure with high resolution the light fission-fragment mass yields and kinetic energy distributions from thermal-neutron induced fission of 252Cf* for the first time, using 251Cf as target material. The obtained mean light fragment mass AL = (107 ± 2) and the corresponding mean kinetic energy Ek,L = (103±2) MeV are within the expected trend. Emission yields around A = 115 are enhanced and the corresponding mean kinetic energy is higher compared to spontaneous fission of 252Cf. This could be explained by the existence of an additional super-deformed fission mode.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2007
    Nyckelord
    Nuclear reactions, 251Cf(nth, f ), Californium-251, Neutron-induced fission, Fission modes, Minor Actinides, Transmutation, Fission-fragment spectroscopy
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Subatomär fysik Naturvetenskap Fysik
    Forskningsämne
    Fysik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-4080 (URN)10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2007.04.018 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2007-10-30 Skapad: 2007-10-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-14Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Properties of the reaction 238U(n, f) at the vibrational resonances
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Properties of the reaction 238U(n, f) at the vibrational resonances
    2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 817, nr 1-4, s. 1-34Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Recent fission cross-section calculations for the reaction 238U(n, f ), based on an extended statistical model, predict a significant change of fission fragment properties, such as the mean mass by A = 1.5 and a notable increase in total kinetic energy in the region of the vibrational resonance at an incident neutron energy En = 0.9 MeV. This model includes individual fission cross-sections by the asymmetric standard 1 (S1) and standard 2 (S2) as well as the symmetric super-long (SL) mode. In order to verify the model predictions, a dedicated experiment on 238U has been carried out to measure fission-fragment mass yield distributions for incident neutron energies from En = 2.0 MeV down to 0.9 MeV, where the fission characteristics at the vibrational resonance at En = 0.9 MeV were investigated for the first time. The previously reported distinct structure in the angular anisotropy around En = 1.2 and 1.6 MeV wasobserved at En = 0.9 MeV as well. The predicted large changes in fission fragment mass yield and total kinetic energy could not be confirmed. In the resonance the mean total kinetic energy is only about 0.5 MeV higher than at En = 1.8 MeV. At the same time, a slight decrease of the mean heavy fragment mass was observed, probably indicating a slightly increased contribution of the S1 fission mode.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2009
    Nyckelord
    Nuclear reactions 238U(n, f ), E = 0.9–2.0 MeV; measured/analyzed fission fragment mass yields and
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Subatomär fysik Fysik
    Forskningsämne
    Fysik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-5485 (URN)10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2008.12.001 (DOI)000263449200001 ()2-s2.0-58149293406 (Scopus ID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2009-02-12 Skapad: 2009-02-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-14Bibliografiskt granskad
  • 32.
    Birgersson, Evert
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Oberstedt, Andreas
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Oberstedt, Stephan
    Hambsch, Franz-Josef
    Properties of the reaction 238U(n, f) at the vibrational resonances2009Ingår i: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 817, nr 1-4, s. 1-34Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent fission cross-section calculations for the reaction 238U(n, f ), based on an extended statistical model, predict a significant change of fission fragment properties, such as the mean mass by A = 1.5 and a notable increase in total kinetic energy in the region of the vibrational resonance at an incident neutron energy En = 0.9 MeV. This model includes individual fission cross-sections by the asymmetric standard 1 (S1) and standard 2 (S2) as well as the symmetric super-long (SL) mode. In order to verify the model predictions, a dedicated experiment on 238U has been carried out to measure fission-fragment mass yield distributions for incident neutron energies from En = 2.0 MeV down to 0.9 MeV, where the fission characteristics at the vibrational resonance at En = 0.9 MeV were investigated for the first time. The previously reported distinct structure in the angular anisotropy around En = 1.2 and 1.6 MeV wasobserved at En = 0.9 MeV as well. The predicted large changes in fission fragment mass yield and total kinetic energy could not be confirmed. In the resonance the mean total kinetic energy is only about 0.5 MeV higher than at En = 1.8 MeV. At the same time, a slight decrease of the mean heavy fragment mass was observed, probably indicating a slightly increased contribution of the S1 fission mode.

  • 33.
    Birgersson, Evert
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap.
    Oberstedt, Stephan
    Oberstedt, Andreas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap.
    Hambsch, Franz-Josef
    Rochman, Dimitri
    Tsekhanovich, Igor
    Raman, Subramanian
    Light fission-fragment mass distribution from the reaction 251Cf(nth, f)2007Ingår i: Nuclear Physics A, ISSN 0375-9474, E-ISSN 1873-1554, Vol. 791, nr 1-2, s. 1-23Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    For mass numbers A = 80 to 124 the recoil mass spectrometer LOHENGRIN of the Institute Laue-Langevin in Grenoble was used to measure with high resolution the light fission-fragment mass yields and kinetic energy distributions from thermal-neutron induced fission of 252Cf* for the first time, using 251Cf as target material. The obtained mean light fragment mass AL = (107 ± 2) and the corresponding mean kinetic energy Ek,L = (103±2) MeV are within the expected trend. Emission yields around A = 115 are enhanced and the corresponding mean kinetic energy is higher compared to spontaneous fission of 252Cf. This could be explained by the existence of an additional super-deformed fission mode.

  • 34.
    Birgersson, Evert
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap.
    Oberstedt, Stephan
    Oberstedt, Andreas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap.
    Hambsch, Franz-Josef
    Rochman, Dimitri
    Tsekhanovitsch, Igor
    Binary fission-fragment yields from the reaction 251Cf(nth, f)2005Ingår i: Nuclear fission and fission-product spectroscopy: 3rd international workshop on nuclear fission and fission-product spectroscopy, American Institute of Physics , 2005, s. 349-352Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The recoil mass spectrometer LOHENGRIN of the Laue-Langevin Institute, Grenoble has been used to measure the light fission-fragment mass yield and kinetic energy distributions from neutron-induced 252Cf*, using 251Cf as target material. ©2005 American Institute of Physics

  • 35.
    Björnsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
    Fjelstad, Jens
    Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.
    Modular invariant partition functions for noncompact G/Ad(H) models2011Ingår i: Physical Review D, ISSN 1550-7998, E-ISSN 1550-2368, Vol. 83, nr 8, artikel-id 086007Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a spectrum for a class of gauged non-compact G/Ad(H) WZNW models, including spectrally flowed images of highest, lowest, and mixed extremal weight modules. These are combined into blocks whose characters, due to the Lorentzian signature of the target space, are divergent and treated as formal expressions in need of regularisation. Assuming that this is possible, we show that these extended characters transform linearly under modular transformations, and can be used to write down modular invariant partition functions.

  • 36.
    Bodnar, Olha
    et al.
    Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Berlin, Germany; Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Elster, Clemens
    Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Berlin, Germany.
    Analysis of Key Comparisons with Two Reference Standards: Extended Random Effects Meta-Analysis2018Ingår i: Advanced Mathematical and Computational Tools in Metrology and Testing XI / [ed] A. B. Forbes, N.-F. Zhang, A. Chunovkina, S. Eichstädt, F. Pavese, Singapore: World Scientific, 2018, s. 1-8Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a statistical method for analyzing key comparisons with two transfer standards measured in two petals. The new approach is based on an extension of the established random effects model. A full Bayesian analysis based on the reference prior is developed and analytic expressions for the results are derived. One benefit of the suggested approach is that it provides a comprehensive assessment of the laboratory biases in terms of their posterior distributions. Another advantage is that it can easily be applied in practice. The approach is illustrated for the CCM.M-K7 key comparison data.

  • 37.
    Bodnar, Olha
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics, Västerås, Sweden.
    Possolo, Antonio
    National Institute of Standards and Technology, USA.
    Approximate Bayesian Evaluations of Measurement Uncertainty2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 38.
    Bondarenko, N.
    et al.
    Division of Materials theory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Olle
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik. Division of Materials theory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Skorodumova, N. , V
    Division of Materials theory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Multiscale Materials Modelling, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Pereiro, M.
    Division of Materials theory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Multi-polaron solutions, nonlocal effects and internal modes in a nonlinear chain2019Ingår i: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, ISSN 0953-8984, E-ISSN 1361-648X, Vol. 31, nr 41, artikel-id 415401Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Multipolaron solutions were studied in the framework of the Holstein one-dimensional molecular crystal model. The study was performed in the continuous limit where the crystal model maps into the nonlinear Schrodinger equation for which a new periodic dnoidal solution was found for the multipolaron system. In addition, the stability of the multi-polaron solutions was examined, and it was found that dnoidal and dnoidal solutions stabilize in different ranges of the parameter space. Moreover, the model was studied under the influence of nonlocal effects and the polaronic dynamics was described in terms of internal solitonic modes.

  • 39.
    Brack, M.
    et al.
    Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.
    Ögren, Magnus
    Division of Mathematical Physics, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Yu, Y.
    Division of Mathematical Physics, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Reimann, S. M.
    Division of Mathematical Physics, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Uniform semiclassical trace formula for U(3) → SO(3) symmetry breaking2005Ingår i: Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, ISSN 0305-4470, E-ISSN 1361-6447, Vol. 38, nr 46, s. 9941-9967Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We develop a uniform semiclassical trace formula for the density of states of a three-dimensional isotropic harmonic oscillator (HO), perturbed by a term . This term breaks the U(3) symmetry of the HO, resulting in a spherical system with SO(3) symmetry. We first treat the anharmonic term for small ε in semiclassical perturbation theory by integration of the action of the perturbed periodic HO orbit families over the manifold which is covered by the parameters describing their four-fold degeneracy. Then, we obtain an analytical uniform trace formula for arbitrary ε which in the limit of strong perturbations (or high energy) asymptotically goes over into the correct trace formula of the full anharmonic system with SO(3) symmetry, and in the limit ε (or energy) →0 restores the HO trace formula with U(3) symmetry. We demonstrate that the gross-shell structure of this anharmonically perturbed system is dominated by the two-fold degenerate diameter and circular orbits, and not by the orbits with the largest classical degeneracy, which are the three-fold degenerate tori with rational ratios ωrφ ≤ N:M of radial and angular frequencies. The same holds also for the limit of a purely quartic spherical potential V(r) ∝ r4.

  • 40.
    Carlsen, Martin
    et al.
    Department of Mathematics, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
    Darula, Radoslav
    Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.
    Gravesen, Jens
    Department of Mathematics, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
    Hjorth, Poul G.
    Dynamical systems, Department of Mathematics, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
    Jørgensen, H. B.
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Nguyen, Dang Manh
    Department of Mathematics, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
    Nielsen, Peter Nørtoft
    Geometry, Department of Mathematics, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
    Olsen, J.
    Joltech, Sønderborg, Denmark.
    Petersen, H. G.
    University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.
    Røgen, Peter
    Geometry, Department of Mathematics, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
    Ögren, Magnus
    Department of Mathematics, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
    Efficiency of a gyroscopic device for conversion of mechanical wave energy to electric energy: Technical report from ESGI-83 workshop in industrial mathematics 20112011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider a recently proposed gyroscopic device for conversion of mechanical ocean wave energy to electrical energy. Two models of the device derived from standard engineering mechanics from the literature are analysed, and a model is derived from analytical mechanics considerations. From these models, estimates of the power production, efficiency, forces and moments are made. We find that it is possible to extract a significant amount of energy from an ocean wave using the described device. Further studies are required for a full treatment of the device.

  • 41.
    Chen, Gang
    et al.
    Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.
    Cheung, Yeuk-Kwan E.
    Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.
    Fan, Zheyong
    Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.
    Fjelstad, Jens
    Faculty of Technology and Science, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Hwang, Stephen
    Faculty of Technology and Science, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    No-ghost theorem for the bosonic Nappi-Witten string2009Ingår i: Physical Review D, ISSN 1550-7998, E-ISSN 1550-2368, Vol. 80, nr 8, artikel-id 086003Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We prove a no-ghost theorem for a bosonic string propagating in Nappi-Witten spacetime. This is achieved in two steps. We first demonstrate unitarity for a class of NW/U(1) modules: the norm of any state which is primary with respect to a chosen timelike U(1) is non-negative. We then show that physical states - states satisfying the Virasoro constraints - in a class of modules of an affinisation of the Nappi-Witten algebra are contained in the NW/U(1) modules. Similar to the case of strings on AdS3, in order to saturate the spectrum obtained in light-cone quantization we are led to include modules with energy not bounded from below, which are related to modules with energy bounded from below by spectral flow automorphisms.

  • 42.
    Coley, Alan A.
    et al.
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Dalhousie University, Halifax NS, Canada.
    Leon, Genly
    Instituto de Física, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Valparaíso, Chile.
    Sandin, Patrik
    Max-Planck-Institut für Gravitationsphysik (Albert-Einstein-Institut), Potsdam, Germany.
    Latta, Joey
    Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Dalhousie University, Halifax NS, Canada.
    Spherically symmetric Einstein-aether perfect fluid models2015Ingår i: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, ISSN 1475-7516, E-ISSN 1475-7516, nr 12, artikel-id 010Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate spherically symmetric cosmological models in Einstein-act her theory with a tilted (non-comoving) perfect fluid source. We use a 1+3 frame formalism and adopt the comoving aether gauge to derive the evolution equations, which form a well-posed system of first order partial differential equations in two variables. We then introduce normalized variables. The formalism is particularly well-suited for numerical computations and the study of the qualitative properties of the models, which are also solutions of Horava gravity. We study the local stability of the equilibrium points of the resulting dynamical system corresponding to physically realistic in homogeneous cosmological models and astrophysical objects with values for the parameters which are consistent. with current constraints. In particular, we consider dust models in (beta-) normalized variables and derive a reduced (closed) evolution system and we obtain the general evolution equations for the spatially homogeneous Kantowski-Sachs models using, appropriate bounded normalized variables. We then analyse these models, with special emphasis on the future asymptotic behaviour for different values of the parameters. Finally, we investigate static models for a mixture of a (necessarily non-tilted) perfect fluid with a barotropic equations of state and a scalar field.

  • 43.
    Corboz, Philippe
    et al.
    School of Mathematics and Physics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane Qld, Australia.
    Ögren, Magnus
    ARC Centre of Excellence for Quantum-Atom Optics, School of Mathematics and Physics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane Qld, Australia.
    Kheruntsyan, Karén
    ARC Centre of Excellence for Quantum-Atom Optics, School of Mathematics and Physics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane Qld, Australia.
    Corney, Joel F.
    ARC Centre of Excellence for Quantum-Atom Optics, School of Mathematics and Physics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane Qld, Australia.
    Phase-space methods for fermions2013Ingår i: Quantum Gases: Finite Temperature and Non-Equilibrium Dynamics / [ed] Davis, M.; Gardiner, S.; Proukakis, N.; Szymańska, M., London: Imperial College Press, 2013, s. 407-416Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We review phase-space simulation techniques for fermions, showing how a Gaussian operator basis leads to exact calculations of the evolution of a many-body quantum system in both real and imaginary time. We apply such techniques to the Hubbard model and to the problem of molecular dissociation of bosonic molecules into pairs of fermionic atoms.

  • 44.
    Edström, Daniel
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik. Department of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Sangiovanni, D. G.
    Department of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; ICAMS, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany.
    Hultman, L.
    Department of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Petrov, I
    Department of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory and the Materials Science Department, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana IL, USA.
    Greene, J. E.
    Department of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory and the Materials Science Department, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana IL, USA; Materials Science Department, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Chirita, V
    Department of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    TiN film growth on misoriented TiN grains with simultaneous low-energy bombardment: Restructuring leading to epitaxy2019Ingår i: Thin Solid Films, ISSN 0040-6090, E-ISSN 1879-2731, Vol. 688, artikel-id UNSP 137380Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We perform large-scale molecular dynamics simulations of TiN deposition at 1200 K on TiN substrates consisting of under-stoichiometric (N/Ti = 0.86) misoriented grains. The energy of incoming Ti atoms is 2 eV and that of incoming N atoms is 10 eV. The simulations show that misoriented grains are reoriented during the early stages of growth, after which the film grows 001 epitaxially and is nearly stoichiometric. The grain reorientation coincides with an increase in film N/Ti ratio. As the grains reorient, additional nitrogen can no longer be accommodated, and the film composition becomes stoichiometric as the overlayer grows epitaxially.

  • 45.
    Eriksson, Olle
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Searching for materials with reduced dimension2018Ingår i: Nature Nanotechnology, ISSN 1748-3387, E-ISSN 1748-3395, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 180-181Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 46.
    Fjelstad, Jens
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Conformal Field Theory and the Holgoraphic Principle2002Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based on five research papers with string theory as the least common denominator. The text is divided in two parts. The first part is an introduction to the constructions used in the papers; string theory, conformal field theory, topological field theory and three-dimensional gravity. The second part is a review of a concept believed to be important in any theory of quantum gravity, the so called holographic principle.A relation between three-dimensional topological field theory and two-dimensional conformal field theory is re-established in a classical formulation. This result is then used to investigate holography in a toy model, gravity in three dimensions. A construction is proposed which yields the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of a three-dimensional black hole. The same mechanism is shown not to be responsible for the entropy of Kerr-de Sitter spacetime.Similar methods yields a relation between topological field theories in five and seven dimensions and chiral conformal field theories in four and six dimensions.There presumably exists a class of conformal field theories with novel properties, so called logarthmic conformal field theories. By starting from a conventional theory, a systematic way to deform this to a logarithmic theory is developed.

  • 47.
    Fjelstad, Jens
    Department of Physics, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    On 7-D TFT and 6-D chiral CFT2002Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We perform a canonical and BRST analysis of a seven-dimensional Chern-Simons theory on a manifold with boundary. The main result is that the 7D theory induces for consistency a chiral two-form on the 6D boundary. We also comment on similar behaviour in a five-dimensional Chern-Simons theory relevant for $\N=4$ supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in four dimensions.

  • 48.
    Fjelstad, Jens
    Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.
    On duality and extended chiral symmetry in the SL(2,R) WZW model2011Ingår i: Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, ISSN 0305-4470, E-ISSN 1361-6447, Vol. 44, nr 23, artikel-id 235404Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Two chiral aspects of the SL(2,R) WZW model in an operator formalism are investigated. First, the meaning of duality, or conjugation, of primary fields is clarified. On a class of modules obtained from the discrete series it is shown, by looking at spaces of two-point conformal blocks, that a natural definition of contragredient module provides a suitable notion of conjugation of primary fields, consistent with known two-point functions. We find strong indications that an apparent contradiction with the Clebsch-Gordan series of SL(2,R), and proposed fusion rules, is explained by nonsemisimplicity of a certain category. Second, results indicating an infinite cyclic simple current group, corresponding to spectral flow automorphisms, are presented. In particular, the subgroup corresponding to even spectral flow provides part of a hypothetical extended chiral algebra resulting in proposed modular invariant bulk spectra.

  • 49.
    Fjelstad, Jens
    Department of Physics, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    The Holographic Principle2001Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 50.
    Fjelstad, Jens
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, Swede.
    Fuchs, J.
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, Swede.
    Hwang, S.
    Karlstad University, Karlstad, Swede.
    Semikhatov, A. M.
    Lebedev Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation.
    Tipunin, I. Yu.
    Lebedev Institute, Moscow, Russian Federation.
    Logarithmic conformal field theories via logarithmic deformations2002Ingår i: Nuclear Physics B, ISSN 0550-3213, E-ISSN 1873-1562, Vol. 633, nr 3, s. 379-413Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We construct logarithmic conformal field theories starting from an ordinary conformal field theory -- with a chiral algebra C and the corresponding space of states V -- via a two-step construction: i) deforming the chiral algebra representation on V\tensor End K[[z,1/z]], where K is an auxiliary finite-dimensional vector space, and ii) extending C by operators corresponding to the endomorphisms End K. For K=C^2, with End K being the two-dimensional Clifford algebra, our construction results in extending C by an operator that can be thought of as \partial^{-1}E, where \oint E is a fermionic screening. This covers the (2,p) Virasoro minimal models as well as the sl(2) WZW theory.

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