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  • 1.
    Ahlsson, Anders
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Billroth och Brahms: en problemfylld vänskap mellan två ikoner2008In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 105, no 10, p. 755-757Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Ahlsson, Anders
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Universitetssjukhuset, Örebro, Sweden.
    Rädda synen på Bach2014In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 111, no 3-4, p. 100-1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Alberthson, Maya
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Toftgård, Matilda
    Kulturella skillnader ur ett audionomperspektiv: en intervjustudie om kommunikation i patientmöten2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom vården är kommunikation mellan vårdgivare och patient en stor del. Kommunikationsprocessen kan försvåras då man tillhör olika kulturer genom t.ex. nationalitet, kön eller socioekonomisk bakgrund. Fenomenet har studerats inom vården tidigare, men studier med hörselvårdsperspektiv har inte påträffats. Denna studie vill därför undersöka hur audionomer ser på kommunikation och de svårigheter som kan uppstå i ett patientmöte.

    Syftet med intervjustudien är att undersöka vilka kommunikationssvårigheter som kan uppståpå grund av kulturella skillnaderi audionomens möte med en patient. Studien inriktas även på hur detta påverkar audionomens arbete och vilka strategier som används för att hantera de svårigheter som uppstår.

    Intervjustudien är av kvalitativ karaktär och har transkriberats, tolkats och analyserats med hermeneutisk ansats. Analysmetod har varit meningskategorisering där viktiga och relevanta delar ur det transkriberade materialet plockats fram och sammanställts till diagram.

    Audionomerna tar upp flera målgrupper där kommunikationen är svår och även vilka strategier de använder för att underlätta patientmötet. Flera audionomer verkar se hörselproblematik som den främsta anledningen till bristande kommunikation. Fortsatt forskning krävs dock för att ta reda på om detta beror på att de inte har några problem att handskas med olika kulturer eller om det beror på avsaknad av kunskap inom detta område.

  • 4.
    Alm, Fredrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care.
    Lundeberg, Stefan
    Astrid Lindgrens barnsjukhus, Karolinska universitetssjukhus, Stockholm.
    Stalfors, Joacim
    Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Ajman, United Arab Emirates.
    Nerfeldt, Pia
    Karolinska Universitetssjukhuset, Huddinge.
    Ericsson, Elisabeth
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Improving pain management after pediatric tonsil surgery – an ongoing project2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The National Tonsil Surgery Register in Sweden collects perioperative data from health care professionals and patient reported outcome measures 30 days and 6 months after surgery. Since 2009, patient-reported outcome measures, include questions related to pain.

    Objective: To illustrate the process of improvements, efforts, and the use of a quality register in pain, and pain management after tonsil surgery in Sweden.

    Method: Quantitative and qualitative research.

    Results: Registry data indicated unrelieved postoperative pain with a high proportion of health care contacts. This resulted in the implementation of the Swedish National Guidelines (2013), and patient information published on the website www.tonsilloperation.se. The guidelines recommend multimodal pain treatment with paracetamol combined with COX-inhibitors, and if necessary, oral clonidine rather than opioids as rescue analgesics. A national survey (2015) showed that Swedish ENT-professionals’ opinions of, and the ENT-departments adherence to the guidelines were good. According to the national registry data (2017), the implementation has resulted in longer use of post-operative analgesic and fewer contacts with healthcare. Simultaneously, registry data showed that operating methods and techniques, age, and indication for surgery affect the pain outcome. Results from age-oriented pain diaries and qualitative interviews (2017-2018) capture the children’s and caregivers’ perspectives on pain, and pain treatment. Preliminary results show that type of pain treatment affects the quality of the postoperative care and recovery.

    Conclusion: Pain management after tonsil surgery has been, and still is, a challenge for ENT-professionals and constant improvements are necessary.

  • 5.
    Alm, Fredrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care.
    Stalfors, Joacim
    Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Ajman, United Arab Emirates.
    Nerfeldt, Pia
    Karolinska Universitetssjukhuset, Huddinge.
    Ericsson, Elisabeth
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Patient reported outcome of pain after tonsil surgery: An analysis of 32,225 children from the National Tonsil Surgery Register in Sweden 2009-20162017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this register study was to explore factors affecting pain after pediatric tonsil surgery, using patient-reported outcomes from questionnaires in the National Tonsil Surgery Registry in Sweden, 30 days after surgery.

    Material and method: A total of 32,225 tonsil surgeries on children (aged 1-18 years) during 2009-2016 were included; 13,904 tonsillectomies with or without adenoidectomy (TE±A) and 18,321 tonsillotomies with or without adenoidectomy (TT±A). Pain was evaluated by using patient-reported outcomes from questionnaires in the National Tonsil Surgery Registry in Sweden, 30 days after surgery. Results: In surgery cases of indication obstruction, the TT±A stopped taking painkillers and returned to normal eating habits sooner, and had less contact with health care services due to pain, compared to TE±A. After TE±A, the indication infection group had more days on analgesics and more contacts with health care services due to pain, compared to the indication obstruction group. TE±A with cold-dissection technique resulted in fewer days on painkillers compared to warm-technique, and reduced the number of contacts with health care services due to pain. Older children were affected by more days of morbidity than the younger ones, but there was no gender difference after adjustment for age, dissection technique and hemostasis technique. Implementation of national guidelines for pain treatment (2013) and patient information on the website tonsilloperation.se seems to have increased the days on analgesics after surgery.

    Conclusion: Pain after tonsil surgery depends on the surgical procedure and technique, as well as factors such as the patient’s age and surgical indication.

  • 6.
    Berg von Linde, Maria Berg
    et al.
    Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Health, Örebro University, Orebro, Sweden.
    Arevström, Lilith
    Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Health, Örebro University, Orebro, Sweden.
    Fröbert, Ole
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Department of Cardiology, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Insights from the Den: How Hibernating Bears May Help Us Understand and Treat Human Disease2015In: Clinical and Translational Science, ISSN 1752-8054, E-ISSN 1752-8062, Vol. 8, no 5, p. 601-605Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hibernating brown bears (Ursus arctos) and black bears (Ursus americanus) spend half of the year in a physically inactive state inside their winter dens without food intake and defecating and no or little urination. Under similar extreme conditions, humans would suffer from loss of lean body mass, heart failure, thrombosis, azotemia, osteoporosis, and more. However, bears exit the den in the spring strong without organ injuries. Translational animal models are used in human medicine but traditional experimental animals have several shortcomings; thus, we believe that it is time to systematically explore new models. In this review paper, we describe physiological adaptations of hibernating bears and how similar adaptations in humans could theoretically alleviate medical conditions. The bear has solved most of the health challenges faced by humans, including heart and kidney disease, atherosclerosis and thrombosis, and muscle wasting and osteoporosis. Understanding and applying this library of information could lead to a number of major discoveries that could have implications for the understanding and treatment of human disease.

  • 7. Bergqvist, L.
    et al.
    Eriksson, Mats
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Kronsberg, S.S.
    Schollin, Jens
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Barton, B.
    Anand, K.J.S.
    Seeing through the blind!: ability of hospital staff to differentiate morphine from placebo, in neonates at a placebo controlled trial2007In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 96, no 7, p. 1004-1007Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To investigate whether professional training and/or clinical experience affect the ability of caregiver to assess clinical signs of pre-emptive morphine analgesia. METHODS: In the Neurological Outcomes & Pre-emptive Analgesia In Neonates trial preterm infants undergoing mechanical ventilation were randomized to receive continuous infusion, either of morphine or placebo blinded. Staff from centres in Sweden (Stockholm and Orebro) completed an assessment form. RESULTS: A total of 360 assessment forms were collected from 52 neonates. In 59% of the cases, caregivers correctly identified patients group. Comparable proportion of answers were correct between physicians, nurses and assistant nurses (63, 60 and 54%, respectively, p = 0.60). Staff with Neonatal intensive care unit experience <1 year identified 63%, as compared to 65% for working 1-5 year, and 55% that has been working >5 years (p = 0.28). Staff's ability to correctly identify group assignment was reduced by amount of additional morphine (p < 0.01) and severity of illness (p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Clinical medical staffs, including neonatologists, have great difficulties in assessing the presence and severity of pain. Further studies should focus on the methods for assessment of prolonged pain in preterm neonates, define the effects of adequate analgesia, and investigate the clinical factors that may alter neonatal responses to acute and prolonged pain.

  • 8. Borg, Erik
    et al.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Borg, Birgitta
    Behavioural awareness, interaction and counselling education in audiological rehabilitation: development of methods and application in a pilot study2002In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 41, no 5, p. 308-320Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In conventional audiological rehabilitation, the hearing therapist interacts with the hearing-impaired person and with significant others. In order to strengthen the personality and self-confidence of the hearing-impaired individual, a different strategy was designed and implemented whereby the pedagogic interaction was directed only towards the hearing-impaired individual, who in turn worked as a tutor/aid/counsellor to the communication partner. On the basis of an interactive communication model, new methods for rehabilitation of subjects with moderate hearing impairment were developed and evaluated in a pilot study on 13 men with noise-induced hearing loss. A course programme was developed with three main active components: (1) increased insight and knowledge; (2) education as counsellors with the ability to focus on the problems of the communication partner; and (3) motivation to change through group discussion and reflexive conversation. Increased insight and knowledge were obtained through test and training experiences in a sound environmental chamber, tutorials and discussions. The pedagogic training focused on helping the hearing-impaired subjects to become able communication counsellors in relation to their interlocutors. An act-react, offensive-defensive paradigm was used in conjunction with transactional analysis. Results of the pilot study were evaluated using questionnaires, interviews and a method of dialogue analysis. The results were evaluated for the hearing-impaired and the partner and in recordings of conversations in the home environment. There were clearly positive cognitive and emotional effects seen in the inquiries and interviews. The observations from the dialogue analysis indicated only small effects, with the exception of the two individuals with the most pronounced functional impairment, for whom dialogue was improved after the course. It was concluded that these new methods could contribute new possibilities in rehabilitation programmes, emphasizing the shared responsibility for communication and the unique competence and abilities of the hearing-impaired person.

  • 9.
    Brorson, Lars-Olov
    et al.
    Faculty of Medicine and Health, Department of Pediatrics, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Mats
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Department of Pediatrics.
    Blomberg, Karin
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Stenninger, Erik
    Faculty of Medicine and Health, Department of Pediatrics, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Fifty years’ follow‐up of childhood epilepsy: Medical outcome, morbidity, and medication2019In: Epilepsia, ISSN 0013-9580, E-ISSN 1528-1167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    To describe the long‐term prognosis of childhood epilepsy, with special emphasis on seizure remission, relapse, medication, associated neurologic impairment, mortality rate, and cause of death.

    Methods

    A prospective longitudinal study on a population‐based total cohort of 195 children with epileptic seizures in 1962‐1964. Data were collected from medical records and a questionnaire.

    Results

    Follow‐up data from 94% of the initial cohort showed the best long‐term prognosis for seizure freedom for children with no intellectual or neurologic impairment. These children had later seizure onset, shorter total duration of epilepsy, and were more often medication free. Only a few of them had isolated relapses. Generalized, rather than focal, epilepsy was associated with fewer relapses and less ongoing medication. The “true incidence” group, with onsets during the inclusion period of 1962‐1964, had the best long‐term prognosis for seizure freedom, with 90% seizure‐free after 50 years. Although only 10% of this group had ongoing seizures at follow‐up, 22% still used anticonvulsive medication, often with old drugs, that is, phenobarbital or phenytoin, as one of the anticonvulsive drugs. The standardized mortality ratio (SMR) was 2.61 for the whole group, with no difference between those with or without other neurodeficits. Those who died young either had neurologic impairment or died from epilepsy‐related conditions; later deaths often followed non–epilepsy‐related conditions. No one in the incidence group died of SUDEP (sudden unexpected death in epilepsy).

    Significance

    This 50‐year, long‐term follow‐up of a cohort of persons with childhood epilepsy in general demonstrates a better outcome for seizure freedom compared to our follow‐up after 12 years and to previous reports. We also report a low incidence of seizure relapses. Remission of seizures does not automatically lead to termination of medication. The mortality rate associated with SUDEP was lower than previously reported.

  • 10.
    Carlander, Ida
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ternestedt, Britt-Marie
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences. Ersta Sköndal högskola, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sahlberg-Blom, Eva
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Sandberg, Jonas
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Being me and being us in a family living close to death at home2011In: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 21, no 5, p. 683-695Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We used interpretive description to describe how everyday life close to death was experienced and dealt with in families with one member who had a life-threatening illness. We performed 28 individual, couple, and group interviews with five families. We found two patterns, namely, “being me in a family living close to death” and “being us in a family living close to death.” “Being me” meant that every individual in the family had to deal with the impending death, regardless of whether or not he or she was the person with the life-threatening illness. This was linked to ways of promoting the individual’s self-image, or “me-ness.” This pattern was present at the same time as the pattern of “being us,” or in other words, being a family, and dealing with impending death and a new “we-ness” as a group. “Striving for the optimal way of living close to death” was the core theme.

  • 11.
    Carlsson, Per-Inge
    et al.
    ENT-clinic, Central Hospital, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Hall, Malin
    Lind, Karl-Johan
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Quality of life, psychosocial consequences and audiological rehabilitation after sudden sensorineural hearing loss2011In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 139-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE:

    Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) is characterized by a rapid loss of hearing, most often of cochlear origin. Very little attention has been paid in the literature to quality of life (QoL), psychosocial consequences and audiological rehabilitation after SSHL.

    DESIGN:

    We studied how level of hearing loss, hearing recovery, tinnitus and vertigo affect QoL after SSHL and the psychosocial consequences of SSHL in terms of sick leave. Furthermore, the audiological rehabilitation given to patients in connection with SSHL and the benefit of the rehabilitation were studied.

    STUDY SAMPLE:

    Three hundred and sixty-nine (369) patients with SSHL were analysed in the present study.

    RESULTS:

    Annoying tinnitus and remaining vertigo after SSHL were the strongest predictors of negative effects on QoL.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    The study indicates that patients with SSHL require extended audiological rehabilitation including a multi-disciplinary rehabilitation approach (medical, social and psychological) to cope with the complex issues that can arise after SSHL.

  • 12.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Att (åter)erövra samtalet: en bok om hörselskada och kommunikation2005 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Danermark, Berth
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Coniavitis Gellerstedt, Lotta
    Att höra till: om hörselskadades psykosociala arbetsmiljö2003 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Davidsson, Magnus
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Herpes Simplex Typ1: Ofarlig infektion eller åkomma som ger komplikationer2012Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 15.
    Edelbring, Samuel
    et al.
    Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Dastmalchi, Maryam
    Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hult, Håkan
    Department of Behavioural Science and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Lundberg, Ingrid E.
    Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Dahlgren, Lars-Ove
    Department of Behavioural Science and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Experiencing virtual patients in clinical learning: a phenomenological study2011In: Advances in Health Sciences Education, ISSN 1382-4996, E-ISSN 1573-1677, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 331-345Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Computerised virtual patients (VPs) are increasingly being used in medical education. With more use of this technology, there is a need to increase the knowledge of students experiences with VPs. The aim of the study was to elicit the nature of virtual patients in a clinical setting, taking the students experience as a point of departure. Thirty-one students used VPs as a mandatory part of an early clinical rotation in rheumatology. Using the qualitative approach of phenomenology, we interviewed these students and then analysed data regarding their experiences of VPs as a learning activity. The result shows that students perceived VP activities in relation to actual patients, the clinical context and other learning activities. The VPs represented typical clinical cases which encouraged clinical reasoning and allowed for decision making. The students experienced the activities as integrating biomedical knowledge and clinical experience, providing structure that prepared for the unstructured clinical environment and patient encounters under unstressful conditions. However, the VPs were experienced as lacking the emotional interactivity and complexity of actual patients. Theoretical frameworks of clinical reasoning and experiential learning are suggested as foundations for further educational integration of VPs in the clinical environment. VP activities during clinical rotations provide experiences of clinical reality and allow students to solve problems actively. These features are dependent on VP technology but are also contingent on the surrounding environment.

  • 16.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    "Mina hypoteser om Stern tycks vara riktiga!"1986In: Personal, människor & arbete, ISSN 0348-5242, no 2, p. 36-36Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En uppföljande debattartikel efter replikerna på mitt debattinlägg i nr 9, 1985

  • 17.
    Eriksson, Anni
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Madeleine
    Jämlik vård: en undersökning om den tekniska hörselrehabiliteringen påverkas av patientens ålder2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Jämlik vård är att alla ska bemötas, behandlas och vårdas på lika villkor oavsett enskilda faktorer. I hörselrehabiliteringen ingår det flera delar och varje del ska utgå från helhetsperspektivet och ske i samverkan med den enskilde. Audionomen ska inte påverkas av faktorer såsom kön eller ålder. Tidigare studier visar dock att ålder är en avgörande faktor i många fall, det råder en form av ålderism och åldersdiskriminering inom vården. Inga tidigare studier har hittats på hur den tekniska rehabiliteringen påverkas av ålder inom hörselvården varför detta låg i vårt intresse.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur jämlik den tekniska rehabiliteringen är inom hörselvården beroende på patienternas ålder.

    Metod: Studien är deskriptiv retrospektiv och är gjord genom journalgenomgång.

    Resultat: Resultatet visar inte några tydliga skillnader i den tekniska rehabiliteringen beroende på patientens ålder. Patienternas behov varierade mycket både inom grupperna och mellan grupperna. Skillnader kunde dock ses gällande patienter med samma behov och typ av hörapparat där patienter oavsett ålder kunde ha fått olika typer av hörapparater trots samma behov/mål.

    Slutsatser: Inga generella slutsatser kan dras huruvida den tekniska hörselrehabiliteringen är jämlik eller ej. Fler studier behövs inom ämnet där urvalet är större.

  • 18.
    Galak, Eduardo
    et al.
    National University of La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
    Varea, Valeria
    The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia; National University of La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Introducción2013In: Cuerpo y Educación Física: Perspectivas latinoamericanas para pensar la educación de los cuerpos / [ed] Valeria Varea & Eduardo Galak, Buenos Aires: Editorial Biblos , 2013, p. 9-14Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Germundsson, Per
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Vocational rehabilitation, interagency collaboration and social representations2012In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 507-517Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of this study is to describe and analyse two important dimensions of vocational rehabilitation for disadvantaged groups and persons with disabilities: interagency collaboration and social representations.

    Participants: Four focus group discussions were conducted. The participants were 20 officials of various agencies who had taken part in collaboration projects in vocational rehabilitation.

    Methods: Qualitative content analysis was used for the analysis. The material was categorised and central themes identified.

    Results: Three themes emerged: 'Collaboration Process', 'Other Agencies' and 'Object for Collaboration'. The results indicate that interagency collaboration is very important in vocational rehabilitation, but that there are a number of obstacles to smooth collaboration. The professionals of the different agencies shared social representations to a great extent. Working with people with psychiatric disorders is especially challenging, and conflicts tended to arise between the projects and the home organisations.

    Conclusions: Recognition of others' knowledge and respectfulness toward other professions facilitated vocational rehabilitation and the interagency collaboration process. The agencies' lack of flexibility increased the risk of conflicts as attempts were made to integrate the new working methods developed within the projects into the ordinary activities of the agencies.

  • 20.
    González-Calvo, Gustavo
    et al.
    University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain.
    Varea, Valeria
    School of Education, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia.
    Martínez-Álvarez, Lucio
    University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain.
    Health and body tensions and expectations for pre-service physical education teachers in Spain2019In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 158-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of the Physical Education (PE) teacher’s body, particularly for teaching PE, has been highlighted in literature. PE teachers are expected to be clear role models to students through their acts, behaviours and bodies. However, their strong embodied subjectivities, particularly those related to their teaching practices, may be problematised. This paper explores the ways in which a group of 15 pre-service PE teachers from a Spanish university constructed perspectives about the body and health in relation to their professional practices. Body journals were used to collect data, which were analysed using a Deleuze-Guattarian approach. The findings reveal the significant emphasis participants placed on their own bodies while teaching PE and the pressure they felt to conform to certain expectations of their professional roles. In response, we propose critical reflection on the content of Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) programmes and incorporation of alternative pedagogical approaches to alleviate the heavy reliance on pre-service teachers’ bodies.

  • 21.
    Gunnarsson, Lars-Gunnar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
    Bodin, Lennart
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Epidemiologiskt undersökta samband mellan Alzheimers sjukdom och faktorer i arbetsmiljön2015Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Epidemiological evidence on associations between work environment and Alzheimers disease

    Lars-Gunnar Gunnarsson, assistant professor at School of Medicine, Örebro University, Sweden and

    Lennart Bodin, professor emeritus, Department of Statistics, Örebro University, Sweden and senior researcher at Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Sweden.

    In this systematic literature review we identified 50 original publications on associations between work and Alzheimer’s disease. GRADE guidelines were used to secure high scientific quality and reliable guidelines were applied to classify the papers. Thirty-one papers fulfilled high quality standards while 19 were methodologically deficient and thus were excluded from our meta-analyses.

    Twenty-seven studies concerned exposure to electromagnetic fields and two published meta-analyses indicated a weighted relative risk (RR) reaching 2.0. Our meta-analysis was only based on twelve high quality publications and the weighted relative risk included statistically over chemicals was evaluated in seven studies and the weighted RR was 1.55 (95% confidence interval 1.19-2.02). Only some few publications concerned pesticides and other chemicals and the weighted RR indicated increased risk.

    Higher education and work complexity were evaluated in eleven publications and our meta-analysis show a reduced the risk for Alzheimer’s disease. The weighted RR was 0.47 (95% confidence interval 0.35-0.63). Both factors were independently and additively protective.

    There are indications of an association between ALS and exposure to heavy muscle work especially in combination with muscle trauma, i.e. professional football players are reported to have an elevated risk. More studies are needed with more precise measures on these exposures.

  • 22.
    Haynes, John E.
    et al.
    School of Education, University of New England, Armidale NSW, Australia.
    Miller, Judith A.
    School of Education, University of New England, Armidale NSW, Australia.
    Varea, Valeria
    School of Education, University of New England, Armidale NSW, Australia.
    Preservice generalist teachers enlightened approach to teaching Physical Education through Teacher Biography2016In: Australian Journal of Teacher Education, ISSN 1835-517X, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 21-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a new learning experience, which was introduced following an examination of the literature regarding preservice primary school teachers' (PPST) notions of their past experience in Physical Education (PE) (Elliott 2013). PPSTs were given the opportunity to recognise, reflect, interrogate and reframe a critical incident from their schooling in PE or Sport. This exercise was designed to enlighten students about their own schooling and the potential impact this event may have on pre-conceived ideas and opinions about teaching PE. Students (N=214) enrolled in off and on campus mode, of a preservice teacher education program in a university located in regional NSW, were asked to provide information about, and to analyse, an incident, either positive or negative that occurred in PE or Sport during their primary or secondary school years. In addition, students were encouraged to reframe the incident and to seek out alternative actions that could have influenced the outcome. The aim was to encourage reflection about how preconceived notions pertaining to PE might be dealt within their present position as a preservice teacher. The PPSTs scripts were analysed using the Leximancer text mining software (Smith, 2000). Findings from the analysis provided themes and concepts, which suggest a similarity for both, off and on campus, males and females. However, there are some subtle differences between the cohorts that may be due to age or experience.

  • 23.
    Hettinger, Eva
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Evaluation of CT urography images using an Iterative Model-Based Reconstruction (IMR) at two different dose levels2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 24.
    Hillborg, Helene
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Svensson, Tommy
    Nordic School of Public Health, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Professionals' perceptions of and views about vocational rehabilitation for people with psychiatric disabilities2013In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 471-480Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: One of the challenges agencies and professionals face is to enable people on sick leave to be successful in their vocational rehabilitation. The objective of this study was to explore and analyze some professionals' perceptions of and views about vocational rehabilitation among people with psychiatric disabilities.

    Participants: Eight professionals from four different agencies (social services, the employment service, the social insurance office, and a psychiatric outpatient setting) working in the area of vocational rehabilitation for people with psychiatric disabilities.

    Methods: Eight in-depth interviews were conducted. The data collected was analyzed using qualitative content analysis together with an interpretive approach.

    Results: The results suggested the respondents were in consensus regarding that which they considered to facilitate or enable successful vocational rehabilitation. Intensive support over a long period of time and a holistic view that takes into account the habits and routines of daily life outside of work as well as the social and psychological aspects of individuals during their rehabilitation processes were considered to be just as crucial to the vocational rehabilitation process as training in the workplace.

    Conclusions: These professionals dealt with a complex vocational rehabilitation system; they felt that their organizations' directives and inability to collaborate successfully with other authorities restricted their scope of action and hindered their exercise of good practice.

  • 25.
    Hultin, Simon
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Härlin, Mattias
    En litteraturstudie med syfte att jämföra standard HLR och HLR med enbart bröstkmpressioner2012Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 26.
    Jackson, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Nursing and Caring Sciences.
    Ternestedt, Britt-Marie
    Örebro University, Department of Nursing and Caring Sciences. Department of Health Care Sciences, Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Magnuson, Anders
    Clinical Research Centre, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Schollin, Jens
    Department of Paediatrics, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Quality of care of the preterm infant: the parent and nurse perspective2006In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 95, no 1, p. 29-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To study the subjective opinions about what is important in care at neonatal units and child health centres (CHCs) for premature newborns, and to compare these opinions with the care actually given. SUBJECTS: 21 mothers, 20 fathers and 15 nurses at the neonatal unit, and 21 mothers, 14 fathers and 18 nurses at CHCs.

    METHODS: A questionnaire on quality of Care from the Patient's Perspective was used. It contained three dimensions: identity-oriented approach, medical-technical competence and socio-cultural atmosphere. Each dimension was evaluated in terms of subjective importance and perceived reality of given care.

    RESULTS: In general, subjective importance was rated higher than perceived reality both for neonatal care and care at CHCs for the dimensions identity-oriented approach and medical-technical competence. However, higher ratings were given to neonatal care compared to CHCs for medical-technical competence. High-risk diagnoses and very low gestational age in the newborn did not affect the answers. Mothers rated medical-technical competence higher than nurses for neonatal care. Mothers and nurses rated identity-oriented approach higher than fathers for CHCs.

    CONCLUSION: Although both neonatal care and care at CHCs were highly rated, improvements can be made to fulfil the expectations of parents and nurses. Neonatal units seem to be more efficient in taking care of the special needs of these newborns compared to CHCs. The need for an optimal identity-oriented approach, medical-technical competence and socio-cultural atmosphere could strengthen the possibilities of parents to be confident in their parental role.

  • 27.
    Jarl, Gustav M.
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Centre for Rehabilitation Research, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden; Department of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden.
    Heinemann, Allen W.
    Rehabilitation Institute, Chicago, USA; Nortwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA.
    Norling Hermansson, Liselotte M. N.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences. Centre for Rehabilitation Research, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden; Department of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden.
    Validity evidence for a modified version of the Orthotics and Prosthetics Users' Survey2012In: Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, ISSN 1748-3107, E-ISSN 1748-3115, Vol. 7, no 6, p. 469-478Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To evaluate the validity of a modified version of the Orthotics and Prosthetics Users' Survey (OPUS) with persons using different prosthetic and orthotic (P&O) devices.

    Method: Two-hundred-and-eighty-two adults using prosthesis, orthosis, shoe insoles or orthopaedic shoes completed OPUS. OPUS comprises five modules - Lower and Upper Extremity Functional Status, respectively (LEFS and UEFS), Client Satisfaction with Device and Services, respectively (CSD and CSS), and, Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). Eight new items were added to LEFS and six to UEFS. Rasch analysis was used for data analyses.

    Results: Rating scales functioned satisfactory after some modifications. All modules demonstrated a ceiling effect. Unidimensionality was satisfactory after deleting some items and dividing HRQoL into two subscales, although somewhat weak on CSD and CSS. Item reliability was excellent for all modules and person reliability good for all but CSD and CSS. Some items demonstrated differential item functioning related to sex and age, but the impact on person measures was small.

    Conclusions: This study supports the validity of a modified version of OPUS for persons using different P&O devices, but also reveals limitations to be addressed in future studies. OPUS could be useful in clinical rehabilitation and research to evaluate P&O outcomes.

  • 28.
    Johansson, Emma
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Persson, Emma
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Utformande av hörselrelaterad informationsbroschyr och informationsvideo: För omsorgspersonal och närstående2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Hörselnedsättningar är mycket vanligt idag, framför allt bland äldre och många använder hörapparater. Hörselnedsättningar bland äldre tas på mindre allvar än i andra åldersgrupper, trots att kommunikation är mycket viktigt även inom denna grupp. Ofta läggs ansvaret för äldres hörapparater på omsorgspersonal. Tidigare undersökningar har visat att omsorgspersonal ofta saknar tillräckligt kunnande för att kunna hjälpa de äldre med hörselnedsättning med hörselrelaterade angelägenheter.

    Syfte: Syftet med detta arbete var att utforma ett informationsmaterial i två delar, en skriftlig informationsbroschyr och en inspelad informationsvideo, som behandlar hörsel, hörselnedsättningar, kommunikation och hörhjälpmedel. Målgruppen var personal inom äldreomsorg samt närstående till äldre med hörselnedsättning.

    Metod: Utifrån tidigare forskning, principer för informationsgrafik, modeller för patientundervisning och muntliga framställningar har en informationsbroschyr och en informationsvideo om hörsel och hörselrelaterade angelägenheter utformats.

    Resultat: En informationsbroschyr och en informationsvideo har utformats i detta arbete.

    Slutsatser: Att utforma informationsmaterial har varit ett krävande arbete då det fodrar kunskaper inom många områden. Då mycket layout ingick i arbetet hade det varit bra med mer samarbete med layoutlunniga personer, vilket troligtvis hade kunnat resultera i bättre informationsmaterial. En svårighet med arbetet har varit att veta att innehållet är relevant för målgruppen. Något som inte har värderas här.

  • 29.
    Kyberd, Peter
    et al.
    Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada.
    Hill, Wendy
    Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada.
    Hermansson, Liselotte M. N.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Hubbard, Sheila
    Zinck, A.
    Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada.
    Jones, Benjamin
    Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada.
    Murgia, A.
    Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada.
    Introduction to assessment2012In: Grasping the future: advances in powered upper limb prosthetics / [ed] Vincenzo Parenti Castelli, Marco Troncossi, Bentham eBooks, 2012, p. 39-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Assessment tools are vital in measuring the outcomes of any practice or procedure. In the development and use of a prosthetic limb, this can be divided into three areas; the basic functions of the design, activities the limb is used for, and the amount the user actually employs the hand in everyday life. Each area is distinct and different and it needs different tools designed specifically for each area in order to reliably measure these outcomes. The development of these tools must include means to make sure the tool measures what the tester thinks it measures and makes sure that such measurements are consistent across time and between testers. Once a consistent set of tools is developed it allows clinicians to discuss and compare devices, training methods and solutions. It also allows investigation of different designs.

    Currently, the emphasis is on the basic practical measurements of function, activity and participation. This uses simple methods based on observation, timing or questionnaires to measure the use of simple prostheses. With newer designs of multifunction hands and microprocessor controllers being introduced, there are more varied control methods for the different hands. This requires more sophisticated methods to measure the impact of the new designs. These new methods include the measurement of the motions of the body and upper limbs with optical methods, and looking at measuring the cognitive load that controlling such hands impose on the user. To allow simple comparisons between users, the tasks and methods have to be constrained. This creates more artificial activities which may themselves be too artificial to tell the observer what they need to know, so the choice of activity is a balance between realistic tasks and reliable results.

  • 30.
    Larsson, Emma
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Sundberg, Edvin
    Mobiltelefoni och cancer: samband eller myt?2012Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 31.
    Larsson, Matz
    Örebro University Hospital.
    Vi uppfann musik och dans för att överleva2013In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 110, no 39-40, p. 1749-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Lindner, Helen Y. N.
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences. Centre for Rehabilitation Research, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Linacre, John M.
    Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Hermansson, Liselotte M. N.
    Centre for Rehabilitation Research, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Assessment of capacity for myoelectric control: evaluation of construct and rating scale2009In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 41, no 6, p. 467-474Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To examine the construct and rating scale of the Assessment of Capacity for Myoelectric Control, an assessment to evaluate ability in using a prosthetic hand.

    Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: Upper limb prosthesis users with different prosthetic levels/sides and prosthetic experience were included (n=96).

    Methods: Subjects' assessments with the Assessment of Capacity for Myoelectric Control were collected by 6 raters during their regular hospital visits. Rasch analysis was used, since it allowed an analysis of the data at the item and category levels. Dimension, item hierarchy and item fit statistics were used to examine the construct. Different Rasch parameters were used to examine rating scale structure and its use.

    Results: The consistency of item difficulties with clinical knowledge and the unidimensionality confirmed that the construct is valid. Two items functioned unexpectedly (misfit), but the misfit was idiosyncratic to the sample, not systematic to the items. The 4-point rating scale usefully differentiated the subjects on the basis of their abilities. The use of category 2 was somewhat redundant.

    Conclusion: The Assessment of Capacity for Myoelectric Control is a valid assessment that evaluates ability in using a prosthetic hand. Revision of the category 2 definition would improve the functioning of the rating scale.

  • 33.
    Malm, Frida
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Symtom vid hjärtinfrakt; skillnad mellan kvinnor och män: En litteraturstudie2012Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 34.
    Marsh, Gary M.
    et al.
    Department of Biostatistics, Center for Occupational Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh PA, United States.
    Buchanich, Jeanine M.
    Department of Biostatistics, Center for Occupational Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh PA, United States.
    Zimmerman, Sarah
    Department of Biostatistics, Center for Occupational Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh PA, United States.
    Liu, Yimeng
    Department of Biostatistics, Center for Occupational Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh PA, United States.
    Balmert, Lauren C.
    Department of Preventative Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, University of Northwestern St. Paul , Roseville MN, United States.
    Graves, Jessica
    Department of Biostatistics, Center for Occupational Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh PA, United States.
    Kennedy, Kathleen J.
    Division of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Illinois, Chicago IL, United States.
    Esmen, Nurtan A.
    Division of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Illinois, Chicago IL, United States.
    Moshammer, Hanns
    Department of Environmental Health, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Morfeld, Peter
    Institute and Policlinic for Occupational Medicine, Environmental Medicine and Prevention Research, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
    Erren, Thomas
    Institute and Policlinic for Occupational Medicine, Environmental Medicine and Prevention Research, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
    Groß, Juliane Valérie
    Institute and Policlinic for Occupational Medicine, Environmental Medicine and Prevention Research, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
    Yong, Mei
    Institute for Occupational Medicine and Risk Assessment, Evonik Industries AG, Essen, Germany.
    Svartengren, Magnus
    Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Westberg, Håkan
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    McElvenny, Damien
    Institute of Occupational Medicine, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
    Cherrie, John W.
    Institute of Occupational Medicine, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
    Mortality Among Hardmetal Production Workers: Pooled Analysis of Cohort Data From an International Investigation2017In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1076-2752, E-ISSN 1536-5948, Vol. 59, no 12, p. e342-e364Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: Based on a pooled analysis of data from an international study, evaluate total and cause-specific mortality among hardmetal production workers with emphasis on lung cancer.

    METHODS: Study members were 32,354 workers from three companies and 17 manufacturing sites in five countries. We computed standardized mortality ratios and evaluated exposure-response via relative risk regression analysis.

    RESULTS: Among long-term workers, we observed overall deficits or slight excesses in deaths for total mortality, all cancers, and lung cancer and found no evidence of any exposure-response relationships for lung cancer.

    CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence that duration, average intensity, or cumulative exposure to tungsten, cobalt, or nickel, at levels experienced by the workers examined, increases lung cancer mortality risks. We also found no evidence that work in these facilities increased mortality risks from any other causes of death.

  • 35.
    Matérne, Marie
    et al.
    Örebro university Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Möjligheter och hinder för återkomst i arbetslivet efter förvärvad hjärnskada2015In: Hjärnkraft, ISSN 1651-5714, no 2, p. 10-11Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 36.
    Mohammadi, Khazal
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Sundström, Sofia
    Gymnasieelever och starka ljudnivåer: En enkätstudie om könsskillnader i hörselskyddsanvändning, riskbedömning och upplevda barriärer mot användandet av hörselskydd2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 37.
    Möller, Claes
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden; Linneus –Head Swedish Institute for disabilty research, Sweden.
    Rönnåsen, Berit
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden; Linneus –Head Swedish Institute for disabilty research, Sweden.
    Jutegren, Göran
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Maffei, Pietro
    Department of Medicine University of Padua, Italy.
    Naggert, Jurgen
    Jackson Laboratories, Bar Harbor, ME, USA.
    Marshall, Jan
    Jackson Laboratories, Bar Harbor, ME, USA.
    Auditory and vestibular pathology in Alström syndromeManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Nafouti, Reza
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Nordwall, Tobias
    Hur säker är actilysebehandling och vilka komplikationer kan det leda till2012Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 39.
    Olive, Rebecca
    et al.
    The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
    Varea, Valeria
    School of Education, University of New England, Armidale, Australia.
    Healthy, happy, strong and active: Progress selfies and the construction of women’s bodies on Instagram2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media is awash with images that women post to represent themselves: their lifestyles, bodies, communities, and aspirations. On Instagram, women’s health and fitness accounts are promoting the taking and posting of selfies in similar terms, encouraging women to use before-and-after ‘progress selfies’ to chart their body changes across time. This presentation, given by Dr Olive, will explore progress selfies re-posted on the Instagram account of women’s fitness celebrity, Kayla Itsines, to consider how healthy bodies are understood as always ‘in progress’.

  • 40.
    Pajalic, Zada
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Andersson, Kristina
    Palmquist, Eva-Lott
    Skog, Therese
    Norberg, Erika
    Till dig som har matdistribution: det är aldrig för sent att träna2012Other (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Pang, Bonnie
    et al.
    School of Science and Health, University of Western Sydney, Penrith NSW, Australia.
    Alfrey, Laura
    Faculty of Education, Monash University (Peninsula Campus), Melbourne VIC, Australia.
    Varea, Valeria
    School of Education, University of New England, Armidale NSW, Australia.
    Young Chinese Australians' subjectivities of ‘health’ and ‘(un)healthy bodies’2016In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243, Vol. 21, no 7, p. 1091-1108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Young people with English as an Additional Language/Dialect backgrounds are often identified in public health messages and popular media as ‘bodies at risk’ because they do not conform to the health regimens of contemporary Western societies. With increasing numbers of Chinese students in Australian schools, it is necessary to advance teachers' understandings of the ways in which these young people negotiate notions of ‘health’ and ‘(un)healthy bodies’. This paper explores the ways in which young Chinese Australians' understand health and (un)healthy bodies. The data upon which this paper focuses were drawn from a larger scale study underpinned by critical, interpretive, ethnographic methods. The participants in this study were 12 young Chinese Australians, aged 10–15 years, from two schools. Photographs of a variety of bodies were sourced from popular magazines and used as a means of interview elicitation. The young people were invited to comment on the photographs and discuss what ‘health’ and the notion of a ‘(un)healthy body’ meant to them. Foucault's concepts of discursive practice and normalisation are used alongside Chinese concepts of holistic paradigms and Wen–Wu to unpack the young people's subjectivities on health and (un)healthy bodies. The findings invite us to move beyond Western subjectivities of health and (un)healthy bodies and highlight the multidimensional and diverse perspectives espoused by some of the young Chinese Australians in this study. The research findings can inform future policy and practice relevant to the exploration of health and (un)healthy bodies in health and physical education and health and physical education teacher education.

  • 42. Peerzada, Jehanna M.
    et al.
    Schollin, Jens
    Örebro University, Department of Clinical Medicine.
    Håkansson, Stellan
    Delivery room decision-making for extremely preterm infants in Sweden2006In: Pediatrics, ISSN 0031-4005, E-ISSN 1098-4275, Vol. 117, no 6, p. 1988-1995Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To assess neonatologists' attitudes and practices regarding treatment of extremely preterm infants in the delivery room, particularly in response to parental wishes. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of all neonatologists in Sweden registered with the Swedish Pediatric Society. RESULTS: The response rate was 71% (88 of 124 neonatologists). At 24[1/7] to 24[6/7] weeks of gestation, 68% of neonatologists considered treatment clearly beneficial; at 25[1/7] to 25[6/7] weeks of gestation, 93% considered it clearly beneficial. When respondents consider treatment clearly beneficial, 97% reported that they would resuscitate in the delivery room despite parental requests to withhold treatment. At or below 23[0/7] weeks of gestation, 94% of neonatologists considered treatment futile. Nineteen percent reported that they would provide what they consider futile treatment at parental request. When respondents consider treatment to be of uncertain benefit, 99% reported that they would resuscitate when parents request it, 99% reported that they would resuscitate when parents are unsure, and 25% reported that they would follow parental requests to withhold treatment. CONCLUSION: Although neonatologists' attitudes and practices varied, respondents to our survey in general envisioned little parental role in delivery room decision-making for extremely preterm infants.

  • 43.
    Scandurra, Isabella
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Patient’s Access to own Electronic Health Record: State of the Art in Sweden2015In: X Jornadas de Sistemas de Información en Salud del Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires: Health informatics at Hospital Italiano in Buenos Aires, Argentina / [ed] Fernando Plazzotta, Buenos Aires, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this Key Note, experiences of the introduction of a public eHealth service is discussed: the Patients’ Online Access to their Electronic Health Records. Results from the Swedish pilot project on how access to patient records via Internet affects the development of care for patients as well as for healthcare professionals are presented as well as examples in the form of a live demonstrations of the eHealth service and its ongoing work will be provided. Challenges and potential solutions will be discussed together with the audience. 

  • 44.
    Scandurra, Isabella
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Blusi, Madeleine
    R&D Department, The Association of Local Authorities in Västernorrland County, Härnösand, Sweden.
    Dalin, Rolf
    R&D Department, The Association of Local Authorities in Västernorrland County, Härnösand, Sweden.
    A Living Lab Method for Innovations to Increase Quality of Life for Elderly: A Pilot Case2015In: Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population: Design for Aging / [ed] Jia Zhou & Gavriel Salvendy, Heidelberg, Germany: Springer, 2015, Vol. 9193, p. 123-133Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A Swedish Living Lab has recently been established offering care organizations a test and evaluation method as an activity in their intrinsic development process. Using the method, innovations for an aging population are assessed, guided by quality criteria as well-being, dignity, value for the elderly and usability.

    This paper describes the method through a pilot test, carried out in November 2014 by the elderly themselves and health and social care staff at a nursing home together with different academic parts in a multidisciplinary test process. The method allows for interaction between innovators and stakeholders as well as potential end-users in the elderly care sector. Simultaneously, the users’ quality aspects are kept in focus when innovations for the aging society are tested.

  • 45.
    Scandurra, Isabella
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Jansson, Anette
    Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
    Forsberg-Fransson, Marie-Louise
    Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
    Ålander, Ture
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Is ‘patient’s online access to health records’ a good reform?: Opinions from Swedish healthcare professionals differ2015In: Procedia Computer Science, ISSN 1877-0509, E-ISSN 1877-0509, Vol. 64, p. 964-968Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients’ access to their own electronic health record is a controversial issue. Many care professionals are concerned about negative effects deriving from patients reading their record information without support from clinicians. Patients on the other hand often think their concerns are outweighed by the benefits. In Sweden a pilot county has provided the health record online to its 350 000 patients for 2.5 years. This study highlights one of the most important questions to handle before and during implementation of such public eHealth services; the opinions of the care professionals regarding online records as a good reform. Results from three questionnaires to various care professions show that opinions from healthcare professionals differ not only between the professions but more importantly also between those who have experience from their patients reading their health record online and those who to date have no real experience. The experienced staff was more positive. This study concludes that in order to provide for successful national implementation, it is important to quickly elicit and disseminate opinions of care professionals with real experience to their unexperienced peers. Healthcare professionals should also be more involved in the implementation of Public eHealth services that regard electronic health records and their work processes.

  • 46.
    Scandurra, Isabella
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Ålander, Ture
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Is Access to eHealth Records Important for Patients?: Opinions of Healthcare Personnel2015In: MedInfo 2015: eHealth – enabled Health / [ed] Sakar IN, Georgiou A, Mazzoncini de Azevedo Marques P., Amsterdam, Netherlands: IOS Press, 2015, Vol. 216, p. 908-908Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has had significant progress with the the introduction of electronic health records. A pilot county deployed in an eHealth service in 2012, giving access to health records for all of its patients. This eHealth service is, however, a controversial issue. Two surveys were conducted to discover whether healthcare professionals' opinions differ between professionals, and between staff who have had experience with patients using eHealth records and those, to date, who have had none. Experienced nurses found this eHealth service more important for the patients compared to unexperienced nurses outside the pilot county, as well as both semi-experienced physicians.

  • 47.
    Scharagrodsky, Pablo
    et al.
    Departamento de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Nacional de Quilmes, Bernal, Argentina; Departamento de Educación Física, Universidad Nacional de la Plata, La Plata, Argentina.
    Varea, Valeria
    School of Education, University of New England, Armidale, Australia.
    Tracking the origins of Physical Education in Argentina and Australia2016In: International Journal of the History of Sport, ISSN 0952-3367, E-ISSN 1743-9035, Vol. 33, no 8, p. 777-796Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The origins of sports in Argentina and Australia have been widely investigated. However, little research has been conducted to investigate the origins of Physical Education (PE). This paper explores the origins of PE in both Argentina and Australia. It first describes the general social context and the education system for both countries. Then, it explores the foundations of PE as a school subject and as a university degree in Argentina and Australia. Finally, it compares the origins of PE in both countries. The research reveals how these two countries share similarities and differ in regard to the origins of PE both as a school subject and as a university degree.

  • 48.
    Sjölinder, Marie
    et al.
    Swedish ICT/SICS, Kista, Sweden .
    Scandurra, Isabella
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Effects of Using Care Professionals in the Development of Social Technology for Elderly2015In: Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population: Design for Everyday Life / [ed] Zhou, Jia, Salvendy, Gavriel, Heidelberg, Germany: Springer, 2015, Vol. 9194, p. 181-192Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In some situations when developing technology for elderly, the intended users are too fragile and cannot participate themselves in the design process. The aim with this study was to investigate the use of care personnel as mediators for the elderly in the design process. The system that was developed was an information and communication technology system for sharing information and for keeping in touch with friends and family. Initially the care personnel misunderstood the need of technology among the elderly. During the project the care personnel changed their view and suggested new ways of using the technology. When the devices where placed in the rooms of the elderly the usage was low, but when the system was used in the dining areas as something to gather around, e.g. to show each other pictures of friends and family, the system became a success.

  • 49.
    Skagerstrand, Åsa
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Audiological Research Centre, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Linnaeus Centre HEAD, Örebro, Sweden.
    Köbler, Susanne
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Audiological Research Centre, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Linnaeus Centre HEAD, Örebro, Sweden.
    Stenfelt, Stefan
    Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Linnaeus Centre HEAD, Örebro, Sweden; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Loudness and annoyance of disturbing sounds: perception by normal hearing subjects2017In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 56, no 10, p. 775-783Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: Sounds in the daily environment may cause loudness and annoyance. The present study investigated the perception of loudness and annoyance for eight different sounds present in a daily sound environment and at nine different levels varying by ±20 dB around the recorded level. The outcomes were related to tests of participants' auditory and cognitive abilities.

    DESIGN: The participants undertook auditory and working memory (WM) tests prior to ratings of everyday sounds previously shown to be disturbing for persons with hearing impairment (hearing aid users).

    STUDY SAMPLE: Twenty-one participants aged between 24 and 71 years, with normal hearing threshold levels.

    RESULTS: Both perceived loudness and annoyance were primarily driven by the sound level. Sounds emitted from paper were rated as having greater loudness and being more annoying than the other sound sources at the same sound level. Auditory and cognitive abilities did not influence the perception of loudness and annoyance.

    CONCLUSIONS: Loudness and annoyance ratings were mainly driven by sound level. Expectations of a sound seemed to influence the assessment of loudness and annoyance while auditory performance and WM capacity showed no influence on the ratings.

  • 50.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Matérne, Marie
    Habiliteringens forskningscentrum, HFC, Örebro läns landsting, Örebro, Sweden.
    Återkomst i arbetslivet efter förvärvad hjärnskada2013In: Hjärnskadeforum 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
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