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  • 1.
    A Anthony, Martin
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Ingjald, Tobias
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Handelsbanken: en studie om ledarskap2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2.
    Aaboen, Lise
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Economics and Technology Management, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Laage-Hellman, Jens
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lind, Frida
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Shih, Tommy
    Department of Business Administration, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Exploring the roles of university spin-offs in business networks2016In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 59, p. 157-166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper identifies different university spin-off (USO) roles related to resource interaction among business parties. It does so by mapping how USOs become part of business networks in terms of their roles relative to other parties. The theoretical frame of reference focuses on roles and resource interaction based on an industrial network approach to business markets. The empirical research is based onfive cases of USOs representing a variety in terms of technology, degree of newness, sector, and area of application. As a result of the analysis, three different roles are identified: the USO as resource mediator, resource re-combiner and resource renewer. These roles reflect how USOs adapt resources to, or require changes among, business parties' resources. The paper also discusses the main resource interfaces associated with the three roles and related challenges. The paper contributes to previous research through illustrating USOs' roles relative to business parties from a resource interaction point of view, and by pointing to the establishment of new companies in business networks as a way of implementing innovation. Finally, the paper discusses the managerial implications of the research in terms of the USO's need to understand which role to take and how to develop it.

  • 3. AAboen, Lise
    et al.
    Laage-Hellman, Jens
    Chalmers University of technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lind, Frida
    Chalmers University of technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Shih, Tommy
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    University spin-offs and their roles in business networks2014In: IMP Conference, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Aabye Olsen, Martina
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Tvångsvård på grund av brister i omsorgen: Är det förenlighet med barnets bästa?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Tvångsvård på grund av brister i omsorgen
  • 5.
    Aadland, Katarina
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Copingstrategier för att hantera stress och oro hos KBT- och övriga studenter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How stress and anxiety are handled is vital to health. To develop knowledge about coping this study aims to investigate differences in the prevalence and correlation between problemfocused, emotionfocused and avoidanceoriented coping and also in defensive pessimism. A quantitative survey was conducted with 62 CBT-students and 87 other students from different courses. The results showed that CBT students use problemfocused coping more than other students, that other students use emotionfocused coping more than CBT-students and that older CBT-students use defensive pessimism less than younger CBT-students. A negative correlation was also found between problemfocused and emotionfocused coping and a positive correlation between emotionfocused coping and defensive pessimism. In summary, the study shows that there are correlations between, as well as age- and educational differences in the use of different coping strategies.

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  • 6.
    Aarebrot, Frank
    et al.
    Institutt for sammenliknende politikk, Universitetet i Bergen.
    Berglund, Sten
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Statehood, Secularisation, Cooperation: Explaining Democratic Survival in Inter-War Europe - Stein Rokkan's Conceptual Map Revisited1995In: Historical social research / Historische Sozialforschung, ISSN 0172-6404, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 210-225Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses itself to the crisis of democracy in inter-war Europe which saw the breakdown of one democratic regime after the other with Czechoslovakia as the only survivor case in Eastern and Central Europe by the end of this period. It is cast within the framework of Stein Rokkan's seminal conceptual map of Europe which is expanded in order to account for countries and variables originally not included in his analytical scheme. The analysis leads to the following conclusion: where the state building was weak and the legacy of empire strong, or where secular nation building was still impaired by deeply rooted religious sentiments, or where significant segments representing major cleavages where not coopted into a constitutional compromise, the chances for democratic survival in inter-war Europe were slim indeed. The conclusion applies to the inter-war era alone, but it clearly has implications for contemporary Europe. Noting that statehood and secularization ranked high on the agenda of communist Eastern Europe, the authors raise the paradoxical question if the success of democracy in this part of the world may in fact be a byproduct of the extent to which the now defunct communist regimes were successful in promoting their pet goals.

  • 7.
    Aarebrot, Frank
    et al.
    Institutt for sammenliknende politikk, Universitetet i Bergen.
    Berglund, Sten
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Weninger, Thomas
    Institute of Political Science, University of Vienna.
    The View from EFTA1998In: Public Opinion and Internationalized Governance / [ed] Oskar Niedermayer, Richard Sinnott, Oxford: Oxford University Press , 1998, p. 344-367Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     This chapter examines public opinion regarding European Community integration in the five small but comparatively prosperous countries in the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). The evidence reveals a split. On the one hand, there is the positive endorsement expressed in Austria, Finland and Sweden; on the other, there is the negative assessment expressed in Norway and Switzerland. This ambivalence confirms that the impact of centre-periphery location is complex. Moreover, as the Norwegian and Swiss cases indicate, the centre-periphery cleavage within countries is as relevant as that between countries to an understanding of support for internationalized governance.

  • 8.
    Aarskog, Eirik
    et al.
    Department of Physical Education, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Barker, Dean
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Spord Borgen, Jorunn
    Department of Physical Education, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    What were you thinking? A methodological approach for exploring decision-making and learning in physical education2019In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243, Vol. 24, no 8, p. 828-840Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The broad purpose of this paper is to consider the relationship betweendecision-making and learning. Specifically, our aim is to propose amethodology that provides a theoretical framing along with proceduresfor investigating this relationship in Physical Education (PE). By utilizingselected parts of John Dewey’s educational theories, the paper presentsa theoretical exposition of decision-making as an individual processcontaining both ‘practical’ and ‘cognitive’ aspects. By combining thistheoretical conceptualization with a description of concrete researchmethods, the paper proposes a methodological approach enablingresearchers to get empirically closer to the phenomenon of individualdecision-making within PE learning. We argue that by doing so,researchers in the field of PE can study certain aspects of learning notexplicitly emphasized within existing methodological approaches.

  • 9.
    Aarskog, Eirik
    et al.
    Department of Teacher Education and Outdoor Life Studies, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Barker, Dean
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Spord Borgen, Jorunn
    Department of Sports, Physical Education and Outdoor Studies, University of South-Eastern Norway, Notodden, Norway.
    'When it's something that you want to do.': Exploring curriculum negotiation in Norwegian PE2022In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 640-653Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Student participation in curriculum negotiation has been widely regarded as beneficial for student engagement, motivation, and learning. Within the physical education (PE) context however, several scholars claim that these benefits are seldom realized. Interestingly, most investigations into curriculum negotiation in PE focus on teacher actions and behavior. Investigations of students' actions in curriculum negotiation are rare. Further, while much of the literature claims curriculum negotiation is potentially beneficial for student learning, few of the conceptual and analytical frameworks utilized within previous PE literature are based on explicit learning theories.

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore student participation in curriculum negotiation in Norwegian PE through the lens of an explicit learning theoretical perspective.

    Method: A 10th grade class with 23 students (age 15-16) and an 8th grade class with 30 students (age 13-14) from 2 different schools, and their respective teachers were recruited for the project. Within these classes, participatory observation, video observations, and stimulated recall interviews were conducted to produce empirical material related to curriculum negotiation. The material then underwent qualitative thematic analysis where select parts of John Dewey's educational philosophy were used as the analytical framework.

    Results and discussion: With a basis in the analytical framework developed from Deweyan educational philosophy, the results show that students within the two contexts participate in both explicit and implicit forms of curriculum negotiation. Explicit curriculum negotiations to a large degree appear to be governed by the teachers and are deemed by teachers to be part of strategies for upholding Norwegian legislations and recommendations for including students in curricular decision-making. While not as easily noticeable, implicit forms of negotiations were more prominent within the explored contexts. The analysis also suggests that from a Deweyan perspective, possibilities to increase learning through curriculum negotiations occur when teachers notice, help, and guide students in their own reflective processes surrounding how to act in PE. Such pedagogical action makes implicit negotiations occurring more explicit, and explicit negotiations more intelligent.

  • 10.
    Abadei, Simon
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Zontho, Alexander
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Transdiagnostiska riskfaktorer för kronisk smärta och social ångest hos ungdomar2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kronisk smärta och emotionell problematik verkar dela flera faktorer med varandra, men i den transdiagnostiska forskningen är det oklart vilka faktorer som är centrala i utvecklingen av olika problematiker. I den här studien har ruminering, oro och beteendemässigt undvikande undersökts som transdiagnostiska faktorer för kronisk smärta och social ångest. Studien bygger på data från Trestadsstudien, en longitudinell populationsstudie som sträckte sig mellan 2012–2018 i centrala Sverige. Stickprovet inkluderade ungdomar i årskurs 7–9 (N = 1453) från arton kommunala skolor. Syftet med studien var att utforska prevalensen av kronisk smärta, social ångest och samsjuklighet mellan problematikerna. Syftet var också att undersöka om kronisk smärta och social ångest är riskfaktorer för varandra och om eventuella samband kunde förklaras av mediation genom ruminering, oro eller beteendemässigt undvikande, samt om kön kunde moderera mediationerna. För att undersöka detta genomfördes logistiska regressionsanalyser och mediationsanalyser. Resultaten indikerar att prevalensen av kronisk smärta, social ångest och samsjukligheten ökade över tid, särskilt för tjejer. Analyserna antyder även att kronisk smärta och social ångest var signifikanta riskfaktorer för varandra två år senare (OR = 1.7 - 1.9). Även om detta stöder en transdiagnostisk syn kunde inte sambanden förklaras av mediationsanalyserna i någon stor utsträckning. Detta kan bero på metodologiska brister med konstrukten eller att det finns andra faktorer som bättre förklarar sambanden. Framtida forskning behöver undersöka effekten av andra transdiagnostiska faktorer och hur olika typer av transdiagnostiska faktorer samverkar med varandra för att leda till utveckling av kronisk smärta och social ångest.

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    fulltext
  • 11.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Class as deviance: constructing the support for and opposition against Hugo Chávez2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    By applying the methods of Critical Discourse Analysis this paper aims to explore how ideology works within the discursive construction of class, in the representation of the supporters and opponents of the government of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela. News items from New York Times (US), El País (Uruguay) and Dagens Nyheter (Sweden) constitute the analyzed material. The paper argues that class-markers are important in the representation of government supporters, whom many times are constructed as belonging to the poorer sectors of society. Class is however less explicit in the representation of Chávez-opposition, which in fact is lead by elite groups. It is therefore argued that class in this context becomes a marker of deviance, which in turn works ideologically in legitimizing oppositional groups and disqualifying the support for Chávez’ government.

  • 12.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Constructing democratic (de)legitimacy: Venezuela in foreign news discourse2013In: NordMedia Conference, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela2014In: tripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 802-821Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite scholarly consensus about the importance of the media for democracy, scant attention has been paid to what democracy means to journalistic discourse and how discourses on democracy are interrelated with legitimacy. The aim of this paper is to explore how (il)legitimate democracy is constructed in newspaper discourse. By using critical discourse analysis (CDA), this paper examines foreign news items about Venezuela, a country that under the presidency of Hugo Chávez has challenged the dominant global political and economic orders. The analysis section focuses on two discourses about the Venezuelan government: the constructions of populism  and power concentration, which serve to mark deviance from what is perceived as a legitimate democracy. This paper argues that a liberal perception of democracy constitutes a central framework for the construction of (il)legitimate democracy, which is revealed not least by news discourse’s focus on what is morally unacceptable political conduct according to liberal democratic norms. In this respect, the media discourse serves to denounce potential abuses of governmental power but fail to recognize democracy in the context of a social struggle against the effects of neoliberalism and capitalism. In this case, the news media is hegemonic in the Gramscian sense, because it provides a framework of democracy that remains within the dominant economic and political structures.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 14.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    First hegemony, then democracy: on ideology and the media discourse on the coup against Hugo Chávez2012In: Observatorio (OBS*), E-ISSN 1646-5954, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 105-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the media discourse on the 2002 coup d’état against the government of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela, with the aim of exploring how ideology in media discourse helps construct democracy in a Latin American political context. Critical discourse analysis is used to examine written pieces from Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US). The study finds that the discourse on the overthrow and the events preceding it constructs the coup as a potential victory for democracy and as the definitive end of Chávez. However, after the failure of the coup and the reinstallation of Chávez one can perceive discursive renegotiations, such as the publishing of non-fundamental criticism of the overthrow. The study argues that the media discourse on the coup displays a highly relativistic attitude towards democracy, which serves the interests of the elite classes in Venezuela and of US hegemony in global politics. The article also argues that the flexibility of the discourse at hand shows the need for a detailed analysis of how ideology is (re)formed in media discourse.

  • 15.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The construction of a ‘democratic transition’: the coup against Chávez in Swedish media2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The slum-dwellers and the Latin American normal: the construction of chavistas and the Venezuelan opposition in foreign news discourse2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Through a Eurocentric lens: Difference and (de)legitimacy in foreign news discourse on Venezuela2013In: Ida Blom Conference, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Through a post-political gaze: on the ideological loading of democracy in the coverage of Chávez's Venezuela2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Rooted in ideology critique, this dissertation studies the construction of democracy in the coverage of Venezuela during the era of President Hugo Chávez. The aim of this endeavor is twofold. First, the dissertation aims to understand the relationship between ideology and the construction of democracy in journalism on foreign political phenomena. Second, it attempts to explore the ways in which the relationship between ideology and democracy in journalism serves to legitimize or delegitimize the struggle for social justice in nations in the global South vis-à-vis the political and economic fundamentals of global capitalism.

    The dissertation comprises three articles that study the construction of democracy in depictions of the Venezuelan political system and its key political actors. Article I studies the construction of (il)legitimate democracy in relation to the Venezuelan government, Article II explores the construction of difference between Chávez’s supporters and his opponents, and Article III studies the coverage of the coup d’état against Chávez in 2002. All three articles are methodologically rooted in critical discourse analysis and rely on materials from a sample of three elite newspapers: Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US).

    Across the studies, there are four macro-strategies that in different ways serve to ideologically load the notion of democracy. Three of these strategies – the constructs of populism, of power concentration and of difference – serve to define political deviance and to (de)legitimize political actors in relation to democracy. The fourth macro-strategy, relativization, serves to justify actions that contradict established democratic principles but serve greater politico-ideological goals.

    (De)legitimation in relation to democracy corresponds with the closeness of a group of actors to the dominant political practices and values within global capitalism. Journalistic reporting thus follows a post-political gaze; it is generally in accordance with the political consensus that characterizes the post-Cold War era. Through this gaze, any challenge to the political tenets of global capitalism fails on democratic grounds.

    List of papers
    1. Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela
    2014 (English)In: tripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 802-821Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Despite scholarly consensus about the importance of the media for democracy, scant attention has been paid to what democracy means to journalistic discourse and how discourses on democracy are interrelated with legitimacy. The aim of this paper is to explore how (il)legitimate democracy is constructed in newspaper discourse. By using critical discourse analysis (CDA), this paper examines foreign news items about Venezuela, a country that under the presidency of Hugo Chávez has challenged the dominant global political and economic orders. The analysis section focuses on two discourses about the Venezuelan government: the constructions of populism  and power concentration, which serve to mark deviance from what is perceived as a legitimate democracy. This paper argues that a liberal perception of democracy constitutes a central framework for the construction of (il)legitimate democracy, which is revealed not least by news discourse’s focus on what is morally unacceptable political conduct according to liberal democratic norms. In this respect, the media discourse serves to denounce potential abuses of governmental power but fail to recognize democracy in the context of a social struggle against the effects of neoliberalism and capitalism. In this case, the news media is hegemonic in the Gramscian sense, because it provides a framework of democracy that remains within the dominant economic and political structures.

    Keywords
    Democracy, Media, Journalism, Discourse, Ideology, Legitimacy, Liberalism, Foreign News, Venezuela, Hugo Chávez
    National Category
    Media and Communications
    Research subject
    Media and Communication Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39610 (URN)
    Available from: 2014-12-11 Created: 2014-12-11 Last updated: 2023-06-30Bibliographically approved
    2. Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela
    2016 (English)In: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 94-115Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore the construction of difference in foreign news discourse on culturally similar but politically different non-Western subjects. Applying critical discourse analysis (CDA) together with a critique of Eurocentrism, the study examines difference in newspaper constructions of government supporters and oppositional groups in Venezuela. Discursive differences are evident in the strategies used for constructing the two groups with regard to political rationality and violence. Government supporters are associated with social justice, Venezuela's poor, dogmatic behavior, and the use of political violence. The opposition, in contrast, is constructed as following a Western democratic rationale that stresses anti-authoritarianism. This group is primarily associated with victims of violence. While the opposition is conveyed as being compatible with Eurocentric values and practices, government supporters to great extent deviate from these norms. Such constructions serve to legitimize politico-ideological undercurrents of Eurocentrism, as the defense of liberalism.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2016
    Keywords
    critical discourse analysis, difference, Eurocentrism, foreign news, ideology, legitimacy, media, postcolonialism, Venezuela
    National Category
    Media and Communications
    Research subject
    Media and Communication Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39875 (URN)10.1075/jlp.15.1.05aba (DOI)000375712400005 ()2-s2.0-84969706233 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2014-12-17 Created: 2014-12-17 Last updated: 2020-01-16Bibliographically approved
    3. First hegemony, then democracy: on ideology and the media discourse on the coup against Hugo Chávez
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>First hegemony, then democracy: on ideology and the media discourse on the coup against Hugo Chávez
    2012 (English)In: Observatorio (OBS*), E-ISSN 1646-5954, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 105-128Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the media discourse on the 2002 coup d’état against the government of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela, with the aim of exploring how ideology in media discourse helps construct democracy in a Latin American political context. Critical discourse analysis is used to examine written pieces from Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US). The study finds that the discourse on the overthrow and the events preceding it constructs the coup as a potential victory for democracy and as the definitive end of Chávez. However, after the failure of the coup and the reinstallation of Chávez one can perceive discursive renegotiations, such as the publishing of non-fundamental criticism of the overthrow. The study argues that the media discourse on the coup displays a highly relativistic attitude towards democracy, which serves the interests of the elite classes in Venezuela and of US hegemony in global politics. The article also argues that the flexibility of the discourse at hand shows the need for a detailed analysis of how ideology is (re)formed in media discourse.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Obercom, 2012
    Keywords
    Critical discourse analysis, democracy, ideology, hegemony, news media, Hugo Chávez
    National Category
    Media and Communications
    Research subject
    Media and Communication Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-25730 (URN)
    Available from: 2012-09-06 Created: 2012-09-06 Last updated: 2024-01-19Bibliographically approved
    Download full text (pdf)
    Omslag
    Download full text (pdf)
    Through a post-political gaze
    Download (pdf)
    Spikblad
  • 19.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela2016In: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 94-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore the construction of difference in foreign news discourse on culturally similar but politically different non-Western subjects. Applying critical discourse analysis (CDA) together with a critique of Eurocentrism, the study examines difference in newspaper constructions of government supporters and oppositional groups in Venezuela. Discursive differences are evident in the strategies used for constructing the two groups with regard to political rationality and violence. Government supporters are associated with social justice, Venezuela's poor, dogmatic behavior, and the use of political violence. The opposition, in contrast, is constructed as following a Western democratic rationale that stresses anti-authoritarianism. This group is primarily associated with victims of violence. While the opposition is conveyed as being compatible with Eurocentric values and practices, government supporters to great extent deviate from these norms. Such constructions serve to legitimize politico-ideological undercurrents of Eurocentrism, as the defense of liberalism.

  • 20. Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Förenaren och utestängaren: om mediesportkonsumtion och sportpreferenser2004Report (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Johansson, Håkan
    Lunds universitet, Lund, Sweden.
    Olsson, Tobias
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Digital inkludering eller exkludering?: Arbetslösas användning av Arbetsförmedlingens webbplats2010In: Den ifrågasatte medborgaren: om utsatta gruppers relation till välfärdssystemen / [ed] Torbjörn Hjort, Philip Lalander, Roddy Nilsson, Växjö: MiV, Linnéuniversitetet , 2010, p. 71-86Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Johansson, Håkan
    Olsson, Tobias
    Emerging patterns in the era of e-governance: a study of users of 'Swedish public employment service' on internet2012In: Media in the swirl / [ed] Ravi K. Dhar, Pooja Rana, New Delhi: Pentagon Press , 2012, 1, p. 114-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Johan
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Fostering the truthful individual Communicating media literacy in the comic Bamse2021In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 109-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the construction of media literacy in a special issue on source criticism of the Swedish children's comic Bamse - Varldens Starkaste Bjorn [Bamse - The World's Strongest Bear]. This is done with the purpose of understanding what values, perspectives, and practices are promoted when media literacy is communicated via children's edutainment media. Using narrative and discourse analysis, we problematise how notions of truth (such as post-truth) guide much of the discourse on digital media in today's post-political society, and how that and individualisation shape notions of media literacy. This is visible in the analysed case in how source criticism is constructed in relation to notions of truth and falsehood, and as moral lessons aimed at the individual media user. We argue that such an individualised, decontextualised, and depoliticised take on media literacy is problematic and an expression of neoliberalism and a middle-class gaze.

  • 24.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Department of Communication and Behavioural Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Olausson, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies, Jönköping, Sweden.
    An environmental problem in the making: how media logic molds scientific uncertainty in the production of news about artificial turf in Sweden2023In: Journal of Science Communication, E-ISSN 1824-2049, Vol. 22, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to contribute knowledge about how an environmental issue is discursively forged notwithstanding the prevalence of significant scientific uncertainty. This is done by studying the production of news about artificial turf as a microplastic pollutant in Sweden. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 journalists and editors, public officials, politicians, industry representatives and experts, all involved in the issue of artificial turf. The study shows how media logic, among other factors, informs the interpretations of the uncertainties surrounding artificial turf as an environmental problem and concludes that the power of media logic needs to be considered also in the construction of other scientifically charged issues.

  • 25.
    Aban, Sara
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Alemirad, Puya
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    ADHD: En kvalitativ studie om vuxna med ADHD2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ADHD är den snabbast växande diagnosen på senare tid och har länge setts som en problematik främst förekommande bland barn. Den befintliga forskningen gällande ADHD är därför mer anpassad till yngre individer och syftet med denna studie är därför att undersöka vuxnas upplevelse och hur de förhåller sig till diagnosen samt omgivningens reaktioner gentemot ADHD utifrån respondentens perspektiv. För att kunna ta reda på detta intervjuades fem individer med ADHD och en kvalitativ forskningsansats valdes som metod för intervjuerna. Vidare valdes meningskoncentrering som analysmetod för intervjuerna då den kortar ner och koncentrerar utvalda citat som användes i analysen. För att tolka och analysera respondenternas upplevelser kring ADHD användes valda teorier som verktyg; stigma, rollteori samt jagpsykologi. Detta för att få en bredare förståelse för respondenternas upplevelser samt förklaringar utifrån teorierna. Slutsatsen berörde diskussioner gällande hur intervjurespondenterna lever med ADHD idag, hela utvecklingsprocessen som diagnosen gav upphov till samt omgivningens syn på ADHD som något avvikande. Utvecklingsprocessen som respondenterna genomlevde innan de accepterade diagnosen som en del av sin identitet gav upphov till en modell som tydligare förklarar de faser respondenterna upplevde. Detta från att diagnosen sattes tills de anammat diagnosen och även använde sig av den i positiva ändamål, exempelvis att arbeta med andra som har ADHD.

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  • 26.
    Abas, Rosa
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    DEN NYA SVENSKA TERRORISMFINANSIERINGSLAGSTIFTNINGEN2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27.
    Abatecola, G.
    et al.
    University of Rome Tor Vergata, School of Economics, Department of Management and Law, Rome, Italy.
    Breslin, D.
    Sheffield University Management School, Conduit Road, Sheffield, UK.
    Kask, Johan
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Do organizations really co-evolve?: Problematizing co-evolutionary change in management and organization studies2020In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 155, article id 119964Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This conceptual article discusses and, from some aspects, also problematizes the state-of-the-art regarding co-evolutionary research in Management and Organization Studies (MOS). Analyzing 76 characteristic studies published since 2000, we address three simple, significant questions: What co-evolves? What causal relationships are considered? What are the theoretical processes? The motivation behind our contribution is twofold: on the one hand, the turn of the century witnessed the remarkable growth of inquiries which, at face value, have claimed to be “co-evolutionary”; but, on the other hand, specific analyses about where this fast-growing meta-theoretical perspective on social change is now, and where it could move towards in the future, are still missing in MOS. Our study reveals increasing heterogeneity in defining what co-evolves and the associated causal relationships. It also reveals the prevailing scarcity in explaining what processes substantially characterize co-evolution in MOS. With a view to shaping the future direction of research in this area, we propose four core principles that theoretically set the co-evolutionary project apart. 

  • 28.
    Abatecola, Gianpaolo
    et al.
    University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.
    Breslin, Dermot
    Sheffield University Management School, Sheffield, UK.
    Kask, Johan
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Discussing co-evolutionary research in management studies: a critical account of the new millennium2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Abatecola, Gianpaolo
    et al.
    University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.
    Breslin, Dermot
    University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.
    Kask, Johan
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Lo sviluppo dell’approccio co-evolutivo negli studi di management: Un’analisi del nuovo Millennio2018In: Evoluzionismo sistemico: il fascino della precarietà / [ed] Paniccia, P. and Barile S., Aracne , 2018, p. 13-20Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Abatecola, Gianpaolo
    et al.
    School of Economics, Department of Management and Law, Tor Vergata University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Cristofaro, Matteo
    School of Economics, Department of Management and Law, Tor Vergata University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Giannetti, Federico
    School of Economics, Department of Management and Law, Tor Vergata University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Kask, Johan
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    How can biases affect entrepreneurial decision making? toward a behavioral approach to unicorns2022In: The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, ISSN 1554-7191, E-ISSN 1555-1938, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 693-711Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How can cognitive biases affect the birth and evolution of entrepreneurial ventures? In Entrepreneurial Decision Making (EDM), this lively research question remains largely unaddressed when the world of Unicorns, as a per se entrepreneurial species, is considered. Thus, through this conceptual article, we aim to contribute toward knowledge creation in this context. We start by proposing a conceptual framework of Unicorns’ EDM based on a behavioral approach. Through three propositions, this novel framework advances how the birth, transition, and consolidation of a Unicorn may be explained by the sequentially intertwined occurrence of biases, from which establishment and legitimization eventually emerge. We complement the framework with examples from the social media industry and then discuss its main implications for theory and practice.

  • 31.
    Abbas, Bafrin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Lärarkompetenser i samhällskunskap: Lärarens syn på ämnes-, didaktiska och sociala kompetenser2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 32.
    Abbas, Rami
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Isaksson, Emil
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Olsson, Martin
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Analytikers reaktioner till ett företag i kris En fallstudie om Norwegian Air Shuttle2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 33.
    Abd El Aziz, Alaa
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Hammar-Hult, Linda
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Ekelöf, Matilda-Tomasine
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Variation i revisorers väsentlighetsbedömning i en svensk kontextEn kvalitativ empirisk studie om hur revisorns erfarenhet påverkarväsentlighetsbedömning hos ett fallföretag2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 34.
    Abdekhodaie, Ehsan
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
    Hatami, Javad
    Department of Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
    Bahrami-Ehsan, Hadi
    Department of Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
    Kormi-Nouri, Reza
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Center for Health and Medical Psychology, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    WordCommentsAnalyzer: A windows software tool for qualitative research2018In: F1000 Research, E-ISSN 2046-1402, Vol. 7, article id 536Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a lack of free software that provides a professional and smooth experience in text editing and markup for qualitative data analysis. Word processing software like Microsoft Word provides a good editing experience, allowing the researcher to effortlessly add comments to text portions. However, organizing the keywords and categories in the comments can become a more difficult task when the amount of data increases. We present WordCommentsAnalyzer, a software tool that is written in C# using .NET Framework and OpenXml, which helps a qualitative researcher to organize codes when using Microsoft Word as the primary text markup software. WordCommentsAnalyzer provides an effective user interface to count codes, to organize codes in a code hierarchy, and to see various data extracts belonging to each code. It also offers basic visualization tools. We illustrate how to use this software by conducting a preliminary content analysis on Tweets with the #successfulaging hashtag. We also demonstrate that the software has satisfactory performance on a large dataset of Iranian journals abstracts. We hope this open-source software will facilitate qualitative data analysis by researchers who are interested in using Word for this purpose.

  • 35.
    Abdellah, Nadia
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Berglund, Josefin
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    En studie i rött: En socialsemiotisk analys av Socialdemokraternas valbroschyrer från 1960, 1985 och 20062008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet är att undersöka hur Socialdemokraternas valbroschyrer har förändrats i sättet att presentera sig själva för potentiella väljare under de senaste 50 åren.

    Metod: Socialsemiotik

    Teorier: Uppsatsen tar avstamp utifrån teorier om förmoderna, moderna och postmoderna kampanjer samt amerikaniseringsteorier, men även hur trenderna enligt forskare ser ut i Sverige och andra europeiska länder.

    Huvudresultat: Undersökningen visar såväl likheter som skillnader mellan de analyserade åren. Reklamdiskursens växande inverkan på broschyrerna gör sig tydlig, vilket kan ses som en del i den växande kommersialiseringen av politiken. Tendenser till en amerikanisering kan skönjas men dessa är vaga. Uppdelningen av kampanjer som förmoderna, moderna och postmoderna anser vi vara diskutabla.

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  • 36.
    Abdelnour, Samer
    et al.
    Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Kallinikos, Jannis
    London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.
    Agency and Instituions in Organization Studies2017In: Organization Studies, ISSN 0170-8406, E-ISSN 1741-3044, Vol. 38, no 12, p. 1775-1792Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Agency and institutions are essential concepts within institutional theory. In this Perspectives issue, we draw on a select group of Organization Studies articles to provide an overview of the topic of agency and institutions. We first consider different ways of defining agency and institutions and examine their implications for institutional theory. We then analyse the relationship of actors and institutions through four lenses – the wilful actor, collective intentionality, patchwork institutions and modular individuals. Our analysis leads us to dissociate agency from individuals and view it as a capacity or quality that stems from resources, rights and obligations tied to the roles and social positions actors occupy. Roles and social positions are institutionally engineered. It is social actors qua occupants of roles and positions (not individuals) that enter the social ‘stage’ and exercise agency.

  • 37.
    Abdelsaid, Abdelaziz
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Nora, Hanna
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Stressens konsekvenserEn kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares upplevelser av stress och dess arbetsförmågan.2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 38.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Den missnöjda demokraten: Ungas politiska missnöje och engagemang i en tid av förändring2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 39.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Kvinnor i en mansdominerad värld: En jämförande studie om kvinnors representation i de etablerade demokratiernas parlament2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to map out and to analyze the spatial variation of female representation at the national level in established democracies. The aim is also to explain the variation in the female representation. The main questions that the paper tries to answer are:

    1.How does women representation in established democratic parliaments vary?

    2.Why does women representation in established democratic parliaments vary?

    This study is a comparative and statistic study, i.e. a study that includes a bigger number of countries and where quantitative analysis methods are used in order to achieve comparative analyses. This study is both a descriptive and an explanatory study. The statistical method that is used in this study is mainly bivariat analysis and multivariat regression.

    The results show that the variation in female representation in the established democracies is quite considerable. Sweden, Norway, Finland, Denmark and Netherlands feature high female representation at the national level during the period 1995-2005. The result also implies that the proportion of women in parliament increases during the current period. The result also shows that political institutions, socio-economic -and cultural factors, are important and necessary in order to explain the variation in female representation. The overall standards that can be discerned of the statistical analyses is that the proportion of women in parliament is higher in countries with a proportional electoral system, high number of parliament members, high socio-economic development (high HDI, GDI and GNP per capita) contemporary as the country introduced female suffrage in an early stage and have a more positive attitude toward female leadership.

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  • 40.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The impact of political conviction on the relation between winning or losing and political dissatisfaction: findings from Sweden2014In: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Sage Open, ISSN ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Election outcomes, or more specifically belonging to a political minority or majority, have a significant impact on citizens’ attitudes toward the political system and political involvement. This study aims to broaden our understanding in these regards by taking into account the effects of people’s political convictions on the relation between belonging to a political minority or majority and their dissatisfaction with the performance of the political system. Using a person-oriented approach, four groups of citizens were identified on the basis of their attachment to political parties. The group of people who were not politically attached to any of the political parties were the most dissatisfied, whereas supporters of parties in government were the least dissatisfied. Moreover, supporters of opposition parties who had high levels of political conviction were more dissatisfied than supporters of opposition parties who had lower levels of political conviction. Overall, the findings of this study show that it is crucial to take into account the individual characteristics of citizens when studying the relations between election outcomes and political attitudes.

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  • 41.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Transcending dichotomies: The many faces of youth dissatisfaction in democracy2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the recent scholarly debates over changing citizenship attitudes and norms in advanced democracies, especially when it comes to rising levels of political dissatisfaction, opinion about the political role of young people is divided. For some scholars, they represent a driving force behind the development of new kinds of citizenship values, and constitute an asset to the functioning of political systems. For others, they pose a potential threat to the health of representative democracy, because of their increasing levels of dissatisfaction and civic disengagement. By contrast with these two competing approaches, this dissertation advances the argument that a more balanced view of young people’s political activities is called for. Adopting a quantitative approach, it aims therefore to contribute to better theoretical and empirical understanding of young people’s political dissatisfaction, and to explain their role in a democratic society. Considering different aspects of dissatisfaction, the current dissertation contributes to previous research in significant ways. Among others things, it adds to our knowledge by showing empirically that, in terms of political dissatisfaction, young people constitute a heterogeneous group, with different political roles and profiles, ranging from the healthy to the more threatening. Moreover, it contributes to previous research by highlighting the crucial role played by fair teachers in providing linkages between young citizens and the wider political system. All in all, the findings in the current dissertation have implications for the ongoing debate over the role and significance of young people in the functioning of democratic systems, and also for political socialization research.

    List of papers
    1. Understanding critical citizenship and other forms of public dissatisfaction: an alternative framework
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding critical citizenship and other forms of public dissatisfaction: an alternative framework
    2012 (English)In: Politics, Culture and Socialization, ISSN 1866-3427, E-ISSN 2196-1417, Vol. 3, no 1-2, p. 179-196Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has paid much attention to citizen dissatisfaction and the trends of growing political disaffection, cynicism, and scepticism – in short, the emergence of 'critical citizens'. Also, more recently, critical citizens have sometimes been viewed as an asset for democracy. However, despite both pessimistic and optimistic interpretations of public criticism, the issue of conceptualizing negative attitudes has received less attention. The present study was conducted to enrich understanding of this particular dimension of citizens' attitudes. To this end, the paper suggests an alternative theoretical framework for analysing various forms of negative political orientations. The framework has been tested empirically using three types of statistical procedures, which demonstrate its validity and usefulness.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Verlag Barbara Budrich, 2012
    Keywords
    Critical citizens, political dissatisfaction, political disaffection, negative political orientations, political attitudes, youths
    National Category
    Political Science
    Research subject
    Political Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-27846 (URN)
    Projects
    PSP, Political Socialisation Program
    Available from: 2013-03-04 Created: 2013-03-04 Last updated: 2022-10-18Bibliographically approved
    2. Dissatisfied citizens: an asset or a burden in democratic functioning of a society?
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dissatisfied citizens: an asset or a burden in democratic functioning of a society?
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Past research has shown that, whereas the majority of people in democracies support the idea of democracy as a form of governance, some citizens are dissatisfied with the democratic institutions and the way democracy performs. In this paper, we examined democratic characteristics of dissatisfied youths to understand the role they play in the democratic functioning of a society. Based on youth’s dissatisfaction with the performance of political institutions and the principles of democracy, we identified four groups distinct of citizens. Then, we compared these groups in terms of their political engagement, knowledge and interest, values and attitudes, and law breaking attitudes. The results showed that youths with high levels of principle- and performance-driven dissatisfaction were less likely to participate in politics, less knowledgeable and interested in political issues, and more likely to break the laws, even if people got hurt compared to other three groups. In contrast, youths who were only dissatisfied with the performance of democratic institutions were more likely to participate in politics, and have higher humanistic values and tolerance towards immigrants. By examining distinct groups of dissatisfied citizens and their democratic characteristics, the current study contributes to the general debate on the role of dissatisfied citizens in democracies.

    Keywords
    dissatisfied citizen, critical citizen, performance-driven dissatisfaction, principledriven dissatisfaction, democracy, attitudes to law-breaking
    National Category
    Political Science
    Research subject
    Political Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35330 (URN)
    Available from: 2014-06-11 Created: 2014-06-11 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
    3. The impact of political conviction on the relation between winning or losing and political dissatisfaction: findings from Sweden
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of political conviction on the relation between winning or losing and political dissatisfaction: findings from Sweden
    2014 (English)In: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Sage Open, ISSN ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Election outcomes, or more specifically belonging to a political minority or majority, have a significant impact on citizens’ attitudes toward the political system and political involvement. This study aims to broaden our understanding in these regards by taking into account the effects of people’s political convictions on the relation between belonging to a political minority or majority and their dissatisfaction with the performance of the political system. Using a person-oriented approach, four groups of citizens were identified on the basis of their attachment to political parties. The group of people who were not politically attached to any of the political parties were the most dissatisfied, whereas supporters of parties in government were the least dissatisfied. Moreover, supporters of opposition parties who had high levels of political conviction were more dissatisfied than supporters of opposition parties who had lower levels of political conviction. Overall, the findings of this study show that it is crucial to take into account the individual characteristics of citizens when studying the relations between election outcomes and political attitudes.

    Keywords
    political dissatisfaction, political attachment, election outcomes, political conviction, political minority, political majority
    National Category
    Political Science
    Research subject
    Political Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35056 (URN)10.1177/2158244014535414 (DOI)2-s2.0-84907259357 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2014-05-15 Created: 2014-05-15 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved
    4. Procedural fairness and political trust among young people: evidence from a panel study on Swedish high school students
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Procedural fairness and political trust among young people: evidence from a panel study on Swedish high school students
    2015 (English)In: Acta Politica, ISSN 0001-6810, E-ISSN 1741-1416, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 253-278Article in journal (Other academic) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The role of ‘fair’ institutions in developing democratic legitimacy has received increased attention. Citizens who perceive – on basis of past experiences – that they are being treated fairly by authorities have been held to have greater trust in political institutions. However, previous studies on the relationship between procedural fairness and political trust have not paid sufficient attention to individuals with limited first-hand experiences of authorities. We examine the relationship on an authority that virtually all individuals meet early in life: the school. Using structural equation modeling on unique panel data covering 1,500 Swedish adolescents (ages ranging from 13 to 17), we find a reciprocal relationship: personal encounters with school authorities shape young people’s political trust; however, the images that adolescents get of the political system (through family, peers, media, etc.) have also consequences on their perceptions about the authorities they encounter in their daily lives. The analysis increases our understanding of how individuals form their political allegiances by showing that the relationship between fairness and trust is more dynamic than has previously been suggested: neither an accumulated set of experiences of authorities nor formal ties with political institutions (as voters, etc.) are required for a relationship to emerge. 

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Palgrave Macmillan Ltd., 2015
    Keywords
    Procedural fairness, political trust, reciprocal, school, adolescents, Sweden, structural equation modeling
    National Category
    Political Science
    Research subject
    Political Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35331 (URN)10.1057/ap.2014.22 (DOI)000359176500001 ()2-s2.0-84935471543 (Scopus ID)
    Note

    This study was made possible by access to data from the Political Socialization Program, a longitudinal research program at YeS (Youth & Society) at Örebro University, Sweden. Responsible for the planning, implementation, and financing of the collection of data in this project were Professors Erik Amnå, Mats Ekström, Margaret Kerr, and Håkan Stattin. The data collection was supported by grants from the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation. Moreover, the participation of Pär Zetterberg in the writing of this study was made possible by a grant from the Swedish Research Council.

    Available from: 2014-06-11 Created: 2014-06-11 Last updated: 2023-12-08Bibliographically approved
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  • 42.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Turkiet: en konsoliderad demokrati?2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 43. Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Fitzgerald, Jennifer
    University of Colorado, Boulder, USA.
    The popularization of unpopular ideas: Discord among friends and intolerance toward immigrants in Sweden2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Youth & Society.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Youth & Society.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    En arena för tillit och tolerans?2016In: Föreningen, jaget och laget: 7 perspektiv på idrottens demokratiska effekter, Stockholm: Centrum för idrottsforskning , 2016, p. 27-46Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    En arena för tillit och tolerans?
  • 45.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Dahl, Viktor
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Bilaga 2: En utvärdering av Skolval 20102015In: Öva och ta ställning: En utvärdering av arbetet med skolvalen 2014 / [ed] Björnstam, Linnea, Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor , 2015, , p. 9p. 47-55Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport är att: (a) redogöra för vilka elever som deltog i skolvalet 2010, (b) samt undersöka huruvida deltagandet i skolvalet har någon effekt på ungas intresse för politik/samhällsfrågor, politiska diskussioner med föräldrar och vänner, intention att rösta i framtida val samt politiskt deltagande. För denna undersökning används först och främst enkätdata från Political socialization Project (PSP); en pågående longitudinell studie som undersöker framväxten av unga människors politiska attityder och engagemang (Amnå, Ekström, Kerr & Stattin, 2009). Analyserna i denna rapport omfattar endast elever i PSP-studien vars skola anmält till Myndigheten för ungdoms- och civilsamhällesfrågor att de genomfört skolval. Totalt omfattar de analyser som denna rapport baseras på 3 högstadieskolor och 3 gymnasieskolor vilket sammantaget blir 860 elever.

  • 46.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES), Södertörns högskola, , Stockholm, Sweden.
    Understanding critical citizenship and other forms of public dissatisfaction: an alternative framework2012In: Politics, Culture and Socialization, ISSN 1866-3427, E-ISSN 2196-1417, Vol. 3, no 1-2, p. 179-196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has paid much attention to citizen dissatisfaction and the trends of growing political disaffection, cynicism, and scepticism – in short, the emergence of 'critical citizens'. Also, more recently, critical citizens have sometimes been viewed as an asset for democracy. However, despite both pessimistic and optimistic interpretations of public criticism, the issue of conceptualizing negative attitudes has received less attention. The present study was conducted to enrich understanding of this particular dimension of citizens' attitudes. To this end, the paper suggests an alternative theoretical framework for analysing various forms of negative political orientations. The framework has been tested empirically using three types of statistical procedures, which demonstrate its validity and usefulness.

  • 47.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Idris, Ahmedi
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Iran2015In: Komparativ politik: nio politiska system / [ed] Carsten Anckar och Thomas Denk, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1, p. 267-293Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Department of Government, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Procedural fairness and political trust among young people: evidence from a panel study on Swedish high school students2015In: Acta Politica, ISSN 0001-6810, E-ISSN 1741-1416, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 253-278Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of ‘fair’ institutions in developing democratic legitimacy has received increased attention. Citizens who perceive – on basis of past experiences – that they are being treated fairly by authorities have been held to have greater trust in political institutions. However, previous studies on the relationship between procedural fairness and political trust have not paid sufficient attention to individuals with limited first-hand experiences of authorities. We examine the relationship on an authority that virtually all individuals meet early in life: the school. Using structural equation modeling on unique panel data covering 1,500 Swedish adolescents (ages ranging from 13 to 17), we find a reciprocal relationship: personal encounters with school authorities shape young people’s political trust; however, the images that adolescents get of the political system (through family, peers, media, etc.) have also consequences on their perceptions about the authorities they encounter in their daily lives. The analysis increases our understanding of how individuals form their political allegiances by showing that the relationship between fairness and trust is more dynamic than has previously been suggested: neither an accumulated set of experiences of authorities nor formal ties with political institutions (as voters, etc.) are required for a relationship to emerge. 

  • 49.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Özdemir, Metin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Van Zalk, Maarten
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Dissatisfied citizens: an asset or a burden in democratic functioning of a society?Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Past research has shown that, whereas the majority of people in democracies support the idea of democracy as a form of governance, some citizens are dissatisfied with the democratic institutions and the way democracy performs. In this paper, we examined democratic characteristics of dissatisfied youths to understand the role they play in the democratic functioning of a society. Based on youth’s dissatisfaction with the performance of political institutions and the principles of democracy, we identified four groups distinct of citizens. Then, we compared these groups in terms of their political engagement, knowledge and interest, values and attitudes, and law breaking attitudes. The results showed that youths with high levels of principle- and performance-driven dissatisfaction were less likely to participate in politics, less knowledgeable and interested in political issues, and more likely to break the laws, even if people got hurt compared to other three groups. In contrast, youths who were only dissatisfied with the performance of democratic institutions were more likely to participate in politics, and have higher humanistic values and tolerance towards immigrants. By examining distinct groups of dissatisfied citizens and their democratic characteristics, the current study contributes to the general debate on the role of dissatisfied citizens in democracies.

  • 50.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Özdemir, Metin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Van Zalk, Maarten
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Dissatisfied Citizens: An Asset to or a Liability on the Democratic Functioning of Society?2015In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 410-436Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Past research has shown that, although a majority of citizens in democracies support the idea of democracy as a form of governance, some tend to be distrustful of democratic institutions and express dissatisfaction with the way democracy works. It is argued in this article that to better understand the role of various groups of dissatisfied citizens in the democratic functioning of a society, one should examine their democratic characteristics. Based on youth's dissatisfaction with the performance of political institutions and the principles of democracy, four distinct groups of citizens are identified. These groups are then compared in terms of their political engagement, knowledge and interest, values and attitudes, and disposition to break the law. The results showed that youths with high levels of principle- and performance-driven dissatisfaction were less likely to participate in politics, less knowledgeable and interested in political issues, and more likely to break the law, even if people got hurt compared with other groups. In contrast, youths who were only dissatisfied with the performance of democratic institutions were more likely to participate in politics, and had higher tolerance towards immigrants, and political interest and knowledge. They were also more likely, peacefully and without harming other people, to break the law to change society. Overall, by examining distinct groups of dissatisfied citizens and their democratic characteristics, this study contributes to the general debate on the role of dissatisfied citizens in democracies.

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