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  • 1.
    Aadland, Katarina
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Copingstrategier för att hantera stress och oro hos KBT- och övriga studenter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How stress and anxiety are handled is vital to health. To develop knowledge about coping this study aims to investigate differences in the prevalence and correlation between problemfocused, emotionfocused and avoidanceoriented coping and also in defensive pessimism. A quantitative survey was conducted with 62 CBT-students and 87 other students from different courses. The results showed that CBT students use problemfocused coping more than other students, that other students use emotionfocused coping more than CBT-students and that older CBT-students use defensive pessimism less than younger CBT-students. A negative correlation was also found between problemfocused and emotionfocused coping and a positive correlation between emotionfocused coping and defensive pessimism. In summary, the study shows that there are correlations between, as well as age- and educational differences in the use of different coping strategies.

  • 2.
    Abdessadki, Fadila
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Blivande adoptivföräldrars upplevelser under adoptivprocessen2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3.
    Abdullahi, Amina
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Förlossningsrädsla och skillnader i nedstämdhet, ångest, sömn och livstillfredsställelse2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4.
    Abrahamsson, Linda
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Ramström, Linnéa
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Normer och värderingar inom vänskap2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What kind of norms and values determine a good friendship? In aqualitative study three men and three women aged 20-30 years oldwere interviewed. The respondents who were recruited through aconvenience sampling were asked to answer questions concerningtheir view about friendship. After analyzing the interview protocol,three common themes were identified: trust acceptance and intimacy.Friendship showed to be a significant part when it came to people andtheir wellbeing. The study also showed that men and women haddifferent expectations for what that friendship will entail and thesedifferences were based on norms and values. It seems that norms andvalues are developed through the existing culture in society and inover time.

  • 5.
    Adami, Melodi
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Skagerkvist, Elin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Vägen tillbaka till mitt barn - En kvalitativ studie om hur mammor som under gerillakrig separerats från sina spädbarn, upplever återföreningen2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6.
    Adamsson, Madelen
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Dahlgren, Leah
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Anhörigstöd: Kvalitativ utvärdering av samverkan mellan Lindesbergs kommun och frivilliga verksamheter2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 7.
    Adner, Greta
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Wall, Evelina
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Affektens betydelse för kognitivt välbefinnande: en jämförelse mellan infertila kvinnor i Sverige och Iran: en jämförelse mellan infertila kvinnor i Sverige och Iran2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined cultural differences in the cognitive and emotional aspects of subjective well-being, more specifically the levels of positive, negative and balance affect and how these affect cognitive well-being. It involves 212 infertile women in the individualistic country Sweden and the collectivistic country Iran. Analyses of correlation, stepwise and linear regression as well as One-Way ANOVA were used to answer the research questions. The results showed no cultural difference in cognitive well-being, and Swedish women reported higher levels of affect while the Iranian to a higher extent experienced positive and negative emotions simultaneously. Balance affect was the best predictor for well-being in both samples.

  • 8. Adolfsson, Annsofie
    Applying Heidegger's interpretive phenomenology to women's miscarriage experience2010In: Psychology Research and Behavior Management, ISSN 1179-1578, Vol. 3, 75-79 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Much has been written about measuring the feelings and impressions of women regarding their experience of miscarriage. According to the existential philosopher Heidegger life experiences such as the experience of a woman having a miscarriage can be interpreted and explained only in the context of the totality of the women's experiences in the past, the present, and the future. Thirteen in-depth interviews with women about their experiences of miscarriage were interpreted with respect to Heidegger's "Being and Time". By using his interpretive phenomenology the essence of the miscarriage experience was explored and defined. The women's feelings and impressions were influenced by past experiences of miscarriage, pregnancy, and births. Present conditions in the women's lives contributing to the experience include their relationships, working situation, and living conditions. Each woman's future prospects and hopes have been structurally altered with regard to their aspirations for their terminated pregnancy. The impact of miscarriage in a woman's life was found to be more important than caregiver providers and society have previously attributed to in terms of scale. The results of the interviews reveal that the women believed that only women who had experienced their own miscarriages were able to fully understand this complex womanly experience and its effects on the woman who had miscarried.

  • 9.
    Adolfsson, Moa
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Widmark, Nina
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    The impact of pain information on pain intensity An experimental study on violation of expectations and conflicting information2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that there are several components involved in how we perceive pain, e.g. social and psychological factors such as expectations of pain. A cold pressor experiment was conducted to investigate the impact of negative/positive information on pain perception. We also investigated if a cognitive conflict created by disconfirming information of a pain expectation influences the pain experience. 106 participants (49 men and 57 women) got to hold their hand in 5°C water for 1 minute. The main outcome variable was self-reported pain during the cold pressor test. The results show that participants receiving negative information perceived more pain than the group receiving positive information. There was no significant difference in pain perception between those who were confirmed or disconfirmed in an expectation, nor was there a difference in cognitive conflict between the two groups. This is a first attempt to explore pain and cognitive conflict and can work as an inspiration for further investigation.

  • 10.
    Adérn, Lena-Marie
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Karlsson, Erika
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Upplevd optimism i relation till olika aspekter av beredskapsarbete i svenska kommuner2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Svenska kommuner står inför hot och kriser vilket ställer krav på god beredskap. Tidigare studier har visat att dispositional optimism är betydelsefullt vid personlig beredskap. Dock är optimism i förhållande till beredskapsarbete till viss del outforskat gällande svenska förhållanden och kommunala aktörer. Studien syftar till att studera relationen mellan optimism och olika aspekter av beredskapsarbetet i svenska kommuner. Datamaterialet grundas på en enkätstudie om syn på risk och beredskap i svenska kommuner och Life Orientation Test. Enkäten besvarades av kommunala chefer och medarbetare. Studien visar på ett positivt samband mellan optimism och motivation för beredskapsarbete. Optimism är även relaterat till bedömning av olika aspekter av beredskapsarbete. Vissa skillnader framkom mellan undergrupper, exempelvis mellan män och kvinnor.

    Nyckelord. Beredskap, Optimism, Motivation, Svenska kommuner.

  • 11.
    Ageborg, Emma
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Thorsén, Camilla
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    22 juli 2011, kommer du ihåg den dagen?: Könsskillnader i uppskattning av självförtroende - och event minne för terrorattacken på Utøya, Norge2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12.
    Agrell, Christina
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Larsson, Sofia
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Beskrivningar av pojkar och flickor i sociala utredningar i LVU-ärenden1997Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Differences in descriptions of boys and girls are studied in 26 child protection cases. There are several differences, i.e. boys are described as aggressive and girls as worried. 

  • 13. Ahlborg, Tone
    et al.
    Rudeblad, Kristina
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Linnér, Sarah
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Linton, Steven J.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Sensual and sexual marital contentment in parents of small children: a follow-up study when the first child is four years old2008In: Journal of Sex Research, ISSN 0022-4499, E-ISSN 1559-8519, Vol. 45, no 3, 295-304 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This follow-up study explored parents' (N=452) intimate relationships when their firstborn child was 6 months old and then 4 years later. The measurement used was a modified version of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale, DAS. The present results show that most parents responding were content sensually at 6 months postpartum in 2002 and 4 years later, in 2006. More parents had changed from being sensually content in 2002 to discontent in 2006, than the contrary, however, and the sexual contentment remained low. The average sexual frequency was low both at 6 months and at 4 years for both parents with and without additional children. Experiencing tiredness as a hindrance to having sex was perceived as a greater problem among those parents without additional children. Prospective regression analyses indicated that sexuality was significantly related to both sensual and sexual contentment 4 years later. Sexuality was also one of the most significant covariates in the cross-sectional regression analysis for sensual contentment. Since sexuality plays a central role in partner well-being, it may be an important target for helping parents with small children.

  • 14.
    Ahlgren, Sara
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    "Lätta" skador - svåra konsekvenser2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 15. Ahlgren, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Vad fungerar i Sverige?: Om svenska utvärderingar av insatser till ungdomar som begår brott2010In: Ungdomar som begår brott: vilka insatser fungerar? / [ed] Henrik Andershed, Anna-Karin Andershed, Kerstin Söderholm Carpelan, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag AB, 2010, 1, 126-149 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Ahlin, Linnea
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Mård, Annelie
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Information som stressreducering vid organisationsförändring: En undersökning inom försvarsmakten - Högkvarteret i Stockholm2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During organizational changes the employees go through stressful events where information plays a big part in creating understanding of the situation. The purpose with this essay is to examine if the amount information the individual receives during organizational change can help to prevent stress. The result of the quantitative study shows that there is no significant relationship between the amount of received information and perceived level of stress. Information does not, referring to this study, reduce the perceived level of stress. Although it seems that information, referring to previous theories and to this study, can be categorized into three different types: information regarding the background of the organizational changes, information concerning the changes as whole and finally information about the individuals role in the new organization. The last mentioned appears to be important.

  • 17.
    Ahlin, Mia
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Vad hände med Gud? Upplevelsen av att lämna Jehovas Vittnen utifrån ett religionsperspektiv2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 18.
    Ahlman, Kristina
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Det alternativa livet på landsbygden2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The “alternative life” can be described as a counter movement to the urban society, increased consummation and a stressful lifestyle. The aim of this qualitative study is to examine the alternative life on the countryside. Six informants were interviewed about their experiences and views about the alternative life. The data is transcribed and analyzed with an inductive, thematic approach. The informants want to live with more simplicity, intimate with their basic needs, live close to nature, reducing less important things in life, challenging themselves and having more time for things they find meaningful. The informants experience more quality in life and presence in the moment through reduction. The main reasons for the informants to live an “alternative life” are the combination of individual factors and a desire to live more environmentally friendly. The results have been analyzed from behavioral theory, existential psychology and Antovskys “Sense of Coherence”. 

  • 19.
    Ahlstrand, Linnea
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Tham, David
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Att vänja sig vid smärta: En behandlingsstudie av patienter med långvarig smärta2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Current research has shown that psychological factors play an important role in the experience of chronic pain. This study examined the effects of a CBT treatment containing interoceptive exposure and relaxation for patients with chronic pain. The study used a single-subject design where six patients underwent a six week long individual treatment. The variables the study examined were changes concerning degree of acceptance, pain intensity, changes concerning pain related anxiety, kinesiophobia, catastrophizing and function. Participation in the treatment was associated with increased acceptance, improved function, reduced pain intensity, reduced pain related anxiety, less catastrophizing and reduced kinesiophobia. The study indicates that this treatment can lead to positive changes with pain patients in both cognitive and emotional components as well as behavioral components.

  • 20.
    Ahonen, Lia
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Deliberate self harm and adolescent´s subjective group identification; do alternative groups of adolescents engage in more self harming behaviors than others?2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 21.
    Ahonen, Lia
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    In presence of risk, what protective factors keep preschool children from displaying conduct problems?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children that are expressing or are exposed to risk factors experience an elevated risk of developing later psychosocial maladjustment, such as conduct problems. However, all children exposed to risk do not express conduct problems, but develop normally. The aim of the present study was to examine potential protective factors among children exposed to risk, that separate children expressing conduct problem behavior from those who do not. In the study, preschool teachers and parents of 298 three- to five-year-old children participated. Risk factors of the individual, conduct problem behavior, and relationship oriented protective factors were examined. The results indicate that positive peer relationships are important for preschool children´s psychosocial development, while family factors, such as parent's disciplinary style, seem less important.

  • 22.
    Al Azawei, Shaimah Jasem
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    The roles that cultural identity and type of school plays for ethnic harassment om immigrant youths2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about the roles that the cultural background and type of schools play for being exposed to ethnic harassment as an immigrant. I use data from a longitudinal study called the Seven Schools Project at Örebro University. The participants were 1602 youths, 760 boys and 838 girls, and these participants were between 13-16 years of age (grades 7 through 9 in the Swedish comprehensive schools). The most important finding in this study was that the association between cultural identity and being exposed to ethnic harassment depended on the type of school the immigrants attended to. In schools with few immigrants, immigrant youths seemed to differentiate between their original cultural identity and a Swedish identity, and in these schools exposure to ethnic harassment was higher if the youths adopted a traditional cultural identity. In schools with many immigrants, by contrast, youths did not seem to differentiate between the original cultural and a Swedish identity. In these schools, it did not matter what cultural identity the students had -  they were both related to higher ethnic harassment. Finally, I found no differences between the genders with regard to exposure to ethnic harassment.

  • 23.
    Al jaderi, Maryam
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Ungdomars sociala relationer på internet och i verkligheten2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 24.
    Alarcon, Soledad
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Hallberg, Emma
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Upplevelsen av ADHD-problematik: En jämförande studie om ungdomars och föräldrars perspektiv2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a well-known problem in adolescents. This study compares parents’ experiences of adolescents ADHD problems and adolescents own perceptions of themselves and their parents' reactions. Existing data from a research project were used where the participants were young people from 7

    th grade to 1 year of high school. The results showed that parents who give high estimates of their adolescents ADHD symptoms differ greatly from other parents both concerning the adolescent’s behavior and their own behavior. Adolescents differ in experienced of own behavior where adolescents with ADHD problems had difficulties. They differed, however not in the experiences of their parents' behaviors. The study found that parents and adolescents have different perspectives and that ADHD-related problems do not seem to be crucial to how adolescents experience their parents.

  • 25.
    Albinsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Koro, Johanna
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Självskada (NSSI) och externaliserade problem2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med utgångspunkt att självskadebeteende är ett internaliserat problem är syftet med studien att i en ungdomspopulation undersöka om självskadebeteende även är länkat till externaliserade problem. Vi undersöker även om självskadebeteende hänger samman med att i olika miljöer utsättas och utsätta andra för negativa beteenden. Studien använder redan insamlade data i forskningsprojekt kallat - “Sju Skolor”: Center for Developmental Research (CDR). Data samlades in från 1478 högstadieelever. I studien fann vi samband mellan självskadebeteende (NSSI) och utåtagerande problem (kriminalitet, drickande, etc.). Vi fann också att ungdomar med självskadebeteende utmärks av att de i sina vardagsmiljöer både är utsatta för negativa beteenden från andra och utsätter andra för negativa beteenden. Detta är en viktig upptäckt när det kommer till att behandla och förebygga självskadebeteende (NSSI) hos unga.

  • 26.
    Alderholm, Jessika
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Arvidsson, Linda
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Att växa genom lidande: posttraumatic growth och positiva förändringar efter en nära anhörigs suicid2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract:

    The purpose of this study is to capture experiencies of how life can change for the better after the struggle with the suicide of a close relative, focusing on posttraumatic growth and positive changes. The study contributes to the research area where trauma is considered a possible opportunity for growth within the traumatized individual. Qualitative interviews were conducted with six individuals all of whom have lost a close relative to suicide. The participants expressed PTG in the themes selfperception, interpersonal relationships, and philosophy of life. Positive changes that emerged were: changes in personality, changed priorities, the ability to interact with people on a deeper level, renewed perspectives on death, values time spent with family more, deeper sense of happiness and gratitude, and new possibilities. The result shows that something good can come out of a trauma as severe as this one.

  • 27.
    Alderhorn, Eric
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Boutz, Lisa
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Hur känner jag för miljön? Känslor, värderingar ioch miljövänligt beteende2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Al-hadad, Sahar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    El-Mir, Jasmin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Det ambivalenta förhållandet i ett självskadebeteende2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29.
    Aljaderi, Maryam
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Koso, Selma
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Do girls experience that forums in communities have a positive effect on thier self images?2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 30.
    Al-Khalili, L
    et al.
    Department of Surgical Science, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Dept. of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Integrative Physiology, Dept. of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Krämer, D
    Department of Surgical Science, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Dept. of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wretenberg, Per
    Örebro University Hospital. Department of Surgical Science, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Krook, A
    Department of Surgical Science, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden Dept. of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Human skeletal muscle cell differentiation is associated with changes in myogenic markers and enhanced insulin-mediated MAPK and PKB phosphorylation2004In: Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6772, E-ISSN 1365-201X, Vol. 180, no 4, 395-403 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: We hypothesized that myogenic differentiation of HSMC would yield a more insulin responsive phenotype.

    METHODS: We assessed expression of several proteins involved in insulin action or myogenesis during differentiation of primary human skeletal muscle cultures (HSMC).

    RESULTS: Differentiation increased creatine kinase activity and expression of desmin and myocyte enhancer factor (MEF)2C. No change in expression was observed for big mitogen-activated protein kinase (BMK1/ERK5), MEF2A, insulin receptor (IR), hexokinase II, and IR substrates 1 and 2, while expression of glycogen synthase, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2 MAP kinase) and the insulin responsive aminopeptidase increased after differentiation. In contrast to protein kinase B (PKB)a, expression of (PKB)b increased, with differentiation. Both basal and insulin-stimulated PI 3-kinase activity increased with differentiation. Insulin-mediated phosphorylation of PKB and ERK1/2 MAP kinase increased after differentiation.

    CONCLUSION: Components of the insulin-signalling machinery are expressed in myoblast and myotube HSMC; however, insulin responsiveness to PKB and ERK MAP kinase phosphorylation increases with differentiation.

  • 31.
    Alm, Charlotte
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Tornell, Åsa
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Medveten närvaro och beteendeterapi vid behandling av primär insomni: Effekter på sömn, uppmärksamhet, oro och ruminering2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    People with insomnia attend to sleep-related stimuli during the day and night. The activity is called monitoring. In mindfulness (MN) attention plays a central part, and by practicing MN the ability to direct attention can be improved. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of MN and behavioral therapy (BT) when treating people with primary insomnia who tend to monitor sleep-related cues. The effect on sleep and monitoring was examined, as well as the secondary effect on worry and rumination. A single-subject design with a constructive strategy was used. Two different treatments were implemented and half of the participants were given BT and the other half BT+MN. Together the results showed that sleep, monitoring and worry improved, but independent of MN. A suggestion for future research is to extend the current design to further explore the effect of MN within the treatment of insomnia.

  • 32.
    Almcrantz, Caroline
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Norrsjö, Josefine
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Om drömmar, hallucinationer och emotioner: Samvarierar emotionellt tillstånd dagtid med upplevelser nattetid?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 33.
    Almosawi (tidigare efternamn: Tawhid Mosawi), Tawhid (tidigare förnamn: Nora)
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Emotionell intelligens och autobiografiskt minne:: Jämförelse av individers könsskillnader, åldersgruppsskillnader, kön och ålder interaktionseffekter2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to test whether there were age differences, gender differences, and if the age and gender had interaction effect on each other when it comes to groups’ emotional intelligence and autobiographical memories. The participants were male (n = 106), women (n = 231) students at Örebro University who were from 18 to 45 years (n = 299). The students responded to emotional intelligence, short version of the Andrew et al. (2010) and Waldfogel (1948) autobiographical memories test. There were no gender differences and age differences in overall emotional intelligence, but there was an interaction between gender and age meaning that gender and age had effects on each other when it comes to students' emotional intelligences. There were gender differences in the overall autobiographical memories meaning that women reported several autobiographical memories than men in the study, but there were no age differences. Age and gender had no effects on each other in terms of autobiographical memories. There were no differences in autobiographical memories among those who reported low, medium and high emotional intelligence. There were no differences in emotional intelligence between those who reported low, medium and high autobiographical memories.

  • 34.
    Almqvist, Lena
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Children's health and developmental delay: positive functioning in every-day life2006Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The general aim of this thesis was to gain understanding of what patterns of child and environment characteristics that promote and sustain health and positive functioning of children with and without developmental delay or disabilities. The focus was on promotion of strengths and competencies rather than on prevention of risk factors, with an emphasis on children’s functioning in every-day life. Both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies were conducted on representative samples of children. In Study I, participation in school activities were used as an outcome of positive functioning of children with disabilities. The findings indicated that autonomy, locus of control, child-peer interaction, and availability of activities were most influential in relation to participation in a pattern of child and environment factors. No significant difference was found across groups in type and degree of disability. Study II was conducted to gain knowledge of how young children perceive health. The interviews revealed that children perceived health in a multidimensional perspective, well represented by the health dimensions of ICF. The children largely related consequences of health to engagement. In Study III, engagement was used as an outcome of children’s interaction with their natural environment. The focus was to describe how children with and without developmental delay, divided into homogenous groups according to a pattern of child-environment interaction factors, engaged in developmentally appropriate behavior in their preschool and home environment. Groups of children with different patterns showed similar outcomes of engagement. Children with developmental delay were represented across groups, implying that developmental delay was less of a factor by itself influencing level of engagement. Study IV was longitudinal and the aim was to identify pathways of children’s engagement over time of children with and without developmental delay. Child-peer interaction seemed to promote high level engagement, while developmental delay only showed to be influential of low level engagement over time if combined with behavior problems. Children without developmental delay or behavior problems were met with greater teacher responsiveness, and at the same time teacher responsiveness predicted stable patterns of high level engagement or change to higher level engagement over time. The general finding in this thesis supported a both a multidimensional perspective of health and positive functioning, in where developmental delay and disability is viewed as a function of child and environmental characteristics. The results are discussed in a systemic perspective, in where the role of the delay or disability, as of other factors related to health and positive functioning in the whole child-environment system is determined by a multitude of factors. The dynamic character of children’s development makes it difficult to predict children’s future functioning, from isolated factors such as disability or developmental delay. Thus, a disability or developmental delay only becomes a risk factor of health, when combined with other risk factors that decrease the functioning of children in their every-day life.

    List of papers
    1. Participation in school environment of children and youth with disabilities: a person-oriented approach
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Participation in school environment of children and youth with disabilities: a person-oriented approach
    2005 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 46, no 3, 305-314 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated patterns of interrelated positive subject and environmental factors related to participation in school activities of pupils with different kinds of disabilities. Questionnaires concerning participation were collected from 472 pupils with disabilities and their teachers, parents and special education consultants. A person-oriented approach with the aim to identify patterns of variables related to a high degree of participation of pupils with disabilities was used. Cluster-groups were formed based on scores for individual subjects on factors identified as important for participation. Groups with a high degree of participation were characterized by high scores in autonomy and perceived interaction with peers and teachers and an internal locus of control. Type and degree of disability did not predict cluster group membership. A conclusion is that the outcome participation is better predicted by patterns of interrelated positive subject and environmental factors than by type of disability or any other single factor.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Oxford: Blackwell, 2005
    National Category
    Social Sciences Social Work Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3103 (URN)10.1111/j.1467-9450.2005.00460.x (DOI)
    Available from: 2006-08-25 Created: 2006-08-25 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
    2. 'I can play!': Young children's perceptions of health
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>'I can play!': Young children's perceptions of health
    2006 (English)In: Pediatric Rehabilitation, ISSN 1363-8491, E-ISSN 1464-5270, Vol. 9, no 3, 275-284 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Health is today viewed as a multi-dimensional concept partly conceptualized independent from not being ill. The aim of this study was to gain knowledge of how young children perceive health. Interviews were conducted with 68 children (4–5 years), within their pre-school setting, with the help of a semi-structured interview guide. A multi-dimensional perspective represented by the health dimensions of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) was used in a manifest deductive content analysis. The children's statements were categorized and placed under one of the four health dimensions, body, activity, participation and environment. A latent content analysis was applied to identify underlying themes in the manifest categories. The results revealed that young children perceive health as a multi-dimensional construct, largely related to being engaged, i.e. to be able to perform wanted activities and participate in a supportive every-day context. This implies that improvements of child engagement should be emphasized in health promotion and to a greater extent be the central focus of health interventions for young children.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    London: Taylor & Francis, 2006
    National Category
    Social Sciences Social Work Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3104 (URN)10.1080/13638490500521303 (DOI)
    Available from: 2006-08-25 Created: 2006-08-25 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
    3. Patterns of engagement in young children with and without developmental delay
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Patterns of engagement in young children with and without developmental delay
    2006 (English)In: Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, ISSN 1741-1122, E-ISSN 1741-1130, Vol. 3, no 1, 65-75 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to identify patterns of process characteristics capturing the essence of children's experiences in their natural environment and their possible association with health and well-being operationalized as engagement for young children with and without developmental delay. Data were gathered from 1035 children between 1 and 3 years in community-based preschools. Teachers and parents responded to questionnaires concerning interaction, activity, and engagement, as well as demographic and biopsychosocial information. A cluster analysis was conducted to find homogenous patterns related to engagement. Five distinct patterns were identified, all related to different levels of engagement. Several factors, within both the child and the environment, were associated with high levels of engagement. Interaction skills and availability of activities appear to be strong predictors of high-level engagement, regardless whether or not the child has been identified as developmentally delayed.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Malden, MA: Blackwel, 2006
    National Category
    Social Sciences Social Work Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3105 (URN)10.1111/j.1741-1130.2006.00054.x (DOI)
    Available from: 2006-08-25 Created: 2006-08-25 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
    4. Pathways of engagement for young children with and without developmental delay
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pathways of engagement for young children with and without developmental delay
    (English)Manuscript (Other academic)
    National Category
    Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3106 (URN)
    Available from: 2006-08-25 Created: 2006-08-25 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
  • 35.
    Almqvist, Lena
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Patterns of engagement in young children with and without developmental delay2006In: Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, ISSN 1741-1122, E-ISSN 1741-1130, Vol. 3, no 1, 65-75 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to identify patterns of process characteristics capturing the essence of children's experiences in their natural environment and their possible association with health and well-being operationalized as engagement for young children with and without developmental delay. Data were gathered from 1035 children between 1 and 3 years in community-based preschools. Teachers and parents responded to questionnaires concerning interaction, activity, and engagement, as well as demographic and biopsychosocial information. A cluster analysis was conducted to find homogenous patterns related to engagement. Five distinct patterns were identified, all related to different levels of engagement. Several factors, within both the child and the environment, were associated with high levels of engagement. Interaction skills and availability of activities appear to be strong predictors of high-level engagement, regardless whether or not the child has been identified as developmentally delayed.

  • 36.
    Almqvist, Lena
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Granlund, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Participation in school environment of children and youth with disabilities: a person-oriented approach2005In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 46, no 3, 305-314 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated patterns of interrelated positive subject and environmental factors related to participation in school activities of pupils with different kinds of disabilities. Questionnaires concerning participation were collected from 472 pupils with disabilities and their teachers, parents and special education consultants. A person-oriented approach with the aim to identify patterns of variables related to a high degree of participation of pupils with disabilities was used. Cluster-groups were formed based on scores for individual subjects on factors identified as important for participation. Groups with a high degree of participation were characterized by high scores in autonomy and perceived interaction with peers and teachers and an internal locus of control. Type and degree of disability did not predict cluster group membership. A conclusion is that the outcome participation is better predicted by patterns of interrelated positive subject and environmental factors than by type of disability or any other single factor.

  • 37.
    Almqvist, Lena
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Granlund, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Pathways of engagement for young children with and without developmental delayManuscript (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Almqvist, Lena
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Hellnäs, Petra
    Stefansson, Maria
    Granlund, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola.
    'I can play!': Young children's perceptions of health2006In: Pediatric Rehabilitation, ISSN 1363-8491, E-ISSN 1464-5270, Vol. 9, no 3, 275-284 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Health is today viewed as a multi-dimensional concept partly conceptualized independent from not being ill. The aim of this study was to gain knowledge of how young children perceive health. Interviews were conducted with 68 children (4–5 years), within their pre-school setting, with the help of a semi-structured interview guide. A multi-dimensional perspective represented by the health dimensions of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) was used in a manifest deductive content analysis. The children's statements were categorized and placed under one of the four health dimensions, body, activity, participation and environment. A latent content analysis was applied to identify underlying themes in the manifest categories. The results revealed that young children perceive health as a multi-dimensional construct, largely related to being engaged, i.e. to be able to perform wanted activities and participate in a supportive every-day context. This implies that improvements of child engagement should be emphasized in health promotion and to a greater extent be the central focus of health interventions for young children.

  • 39.
    Alphonse, Nshimiyimana
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Development of Violent Behavior and Adolescents’ Appraisal and Coping Strategies related to Inter-parental Violence2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present review focuses on understanding the explanatory mechanisms behind the use of violence within intimate relationships, highlighting the consequences of adolescents’ exposure to Inter-parental violence and gauging the role of their (adolescents) appraisal and coping strategies. The theories reviewed stress the significant impact of close figures’ behaviors on the developing child and adolescent trough observational and imitational processes, secure and insecure attachment patterns and related internal working models as well as trough building own understanding of the world and human interrelations. The review revealed also that adolescents’ exposure to Inter-parental violence constituted an unequivocal risk factor leading to a range of consequences categorized as internalizing and externalizing problems. It however indicates that the outcome behaviors are not a result of a linear process because there is range of mediating factors that explain the association between adolescents’ exposure to Inter-parental violence and outcome behaviors. Finally, appraisal of Inter-parental violence was identified as a central mechanism that impacts both the magnitude of the consequences of exposure and the adolescents’ conception and execution of coping strategies.

  • 40.
    Aluan, Magdalena
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Larsson Sköld, Mattias
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Underkänd på psykoterapeututbildningen - En kvalitativ studie med två perspektiv på handledningsprocessen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 41.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    How is civic engagement developed over time?: Emerging answers from a multidisciplinary field2012In: Journal of Adolescence, ISSN 0140-1971, E-ISSN 1095-9254, Vol. 35, no 3, 611-627 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Insights into the development of civic values, attitudes, knowledge, skills and behaviours are greatly demanded by adults worried about a seemingly steady decline in the societal interest of their offspring. Hence, the collection of studies in this special issue on civic engagement in adolescence is not only timely and enlightening, but it also has the potentials to contribute to research in different disciplines on various dimensions, mechanisms and normative models of civic engagement. The studies reveal some promising attempts to bring civil themes into the field of adolescent development. However, to overcome some conceptual, methodological and empirical shortcomings, future developmental studies in the area need to be substantially improved by considering cultural and institutional conditions, by focussing on processes across various everyday life contexts, by merging theories from different disciplinary fields, by conceptualizing adolescents as changeable subjects, and by delineating untested and unwarranted normative assumptions.

  • 42.
    Amnå, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ekström, Mats
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Kerr, Margaret
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Political socialization and human agency: The development of civic engagement from adolescence to adulthood2009In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 111, no 1, 27-40 p.Article, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Are different forms of aggression related to different outcomes?2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Effective components and principles in interventions for preschool children with or at risk for conduct problems: setting the scene for a systematic review2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Girls at risk : Swedish longitudinal research on adjustment2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Girls at risk in their own right2012In: Girls at risk: Swedish longitudinal research on adjustment / [ed] Andershed, Anna-Karin, New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2012, 1-8 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Girls at risk: Swedish longitudinal research on adjustment2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    In synch with adolescence: the role of morningness-eveningness in development2005Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    At the start of every school day, it's not an unfamiliar sight to see younger children bounding toward school, bright-eyed and bushy-tailed, ready to seize the day. In contrast, adolescents sometimes seem to sleepwalk toward their middle and high schools, often bleary-eyed, cantankerous, and less than enthusiastic to get down to work. Why the difference?

    Recent developmental research has demonstrated a relationship between sleep/wake patterns and different kinds of problem behaviors, including social adjustment problems, family coercion, and disaffection from school. Adolescents who prefer staying up later in the evening and arising late in the morning (i.e., eveningness) have often been considered at greater risk of suffering from such problem behaviors as delinquency and negative relationships with parents and teachers. Those who tend to go to bed and arise earlier (i.e., morningness) have long been associated with more positive outcomes. In the majority of previous research, however, these concepts have never been adequately tested.

    In Sync with Adolescence: The Role of Morningness-Eveningness in Development examines the possible effects of adolescent preferences on problem behavior in different contexts. This volume presents a new way of looking at morningness-eveningness in relation to adolescent development in general and on problem behavior in particular. The study has produced results, the implications of which necessitate a reinterpretation of the current thinking about morningness-eveningness and adolescent adjustment.

    This volume should be of particular interest to developmental psychologists and researchers who are interested in examining the role of biological factors in psychological processes as well as to sleep researchers who are interested in both the clinical and behavioral aspects. In addition, it is a valuable resource for clinical child and school psychologists, medical staff, teachers, and anyone who works with adolescents.

  • 49.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Patterns of preschool risk and protective factors for conduct problem behavior2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    The role of risk-need assessment in interventions for young offenders2011Conference paper (Refereed)
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