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  • 1.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Class as deviance: constructing the support for and opposition against Hugo Chávez2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    By applying the methods of Critical Discourse Analysis this paper aims to explore how ideology works within the discursive construction of class, in the representation of the supporters and opponents of the government of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela. News items from New York Times (US), El País (Uruguay) and Dagens Nyheter (Sweden) constitute the analyzed material. The paper argues that class-markers are important in the representation of government supporters, whom many times are constructed as belonging to the poorer sectors of society. Class is however less explicit in the representation of Chávez-opposition, which in fact is lead by elite groups. It is therefore argued that class in this context becomes a marker of deviance, which in turn works ideologically in legitimizing oppositional groups and disqualifying the support for Chávez’ government.

  • 2.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Constructing democratic (de)legitimacy: Venezuela in foreign news discourse2013In: NordMedia Conference, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela2014In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 802-821Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite scholarly consensus about the importance of the media for democracy, scant attention has been paid to what democracy means to journalistic discourse and how discourses on democracy are interrelated with legitimacy. The aim of this paper is to explore how (il)legitimate democracy is constructed in newspaper discourse. By using critical discourse analysis (CDA), this paper examines foreign news items about Venezuela, a country that under the presidency of Hugo Chávez has challenged the dominant global political and economic orders. The analysis section focuses on two discourses about the Venezuelan government: the constructions of populism  and power concentration, which serve to mark deviance from what is perceived as a legitimate democracy. This paper argues that a liberal perception of democracy constitutes a central framework for the construction of (il)legitimate democracy, which is revealed not least by news discourse’s focus on what is morally unacceptable political conduct according to liberal democratic norms. In this respect, the media discourse serves to denounce potential abuses of governmental power but fail to recognize democracy in the context of a social struggle against the effects of neoliberalism and capitalism. In this case, the news media is hegemonic in the Gramscian sense, because it provides a framework of democracy that remains within the dominant economic and political structures.

  • 4.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    First hegemony, then democracy: on ideology and the media discourse on the coup against Hugo Chávez2012In: OBS - Observatorio, ISSN 1646-5954, E-ISSN 1646-5954, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 105-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the media discourse on the 2002 coup d’état against the government of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela, with the aim of exploring how ideology in media discourse helps construct democracy in a Latin American political context. Critical discourse analysis is used to examine written pieces from Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US). The study finds that the discourse on the overthrow and the events preceding it constructs the coup as a potential victory for democracy and as the definitive end of Chávez. However, after the failure of the coup and the reinstallation of Chávez one can perceive discursive renegotiations, such as the publishing of non-fundamental criticism of the overthrow. The study argues that the media discourse on the coup displays a highly relativistic attitude towards democracy, which serves the interests of the elite classes in Venezuela and of US hegemony in global politics. The article also argues that the flexibility of the discourse at hand shows the need for a detailed analysis of how ideology is (re)formed in media discourse.

  • 5.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The construction of a ‘democratic transition’: the coup against Chávez in Swedish media2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The slum-dwellers and the Latin American normal: the construction of chavistas and the Venezuelan opposition in foreign news discourse2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Through a Eurocentric lens: Difference and (de)legitimacy in foreign news discourse on Venezuela2013In: Ida Blom Conference, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Through a post-political gaze: on the ideological loading of democracy in the coverage of Chávez's Venezuela2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Rooted in ideology critique, this dissertation studies the construction of democracy in the coverage of Venezuela during the era of President Hugo Chávez. The aim of this endeavor is twofold. First, the dissertation aims to understand the relationship between ideology and the construction of democracy in journalism on foreign political phenomena. Second, it attempts to explore the ways in which the relationship between ideology and democracy in journalism serves to legitimize or delegitimize the struggle for social justice in nations in the global South vis-à-vis the political and economic fundamentals of global capitalism.

    The dissertation comprises three articles that study the construction of democracy in depictions of the Venezuelan political system and its key political actors. Article I studies the construction of (il)legitimate democracy in relation to the Venezuelan government, Article II explores the construction of difference between Chávez’s supporters and his opponents, and Article III studies the coverage of the coup d’état against Chávez in 2002. All three articles are methodologically rooted in critical discourse analysis and rely on materials from a sample of three elite newspapers: Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US).

    Across the studies, there are four macro-strategies that in different ways serve to ideologically load the notion of democracy. Three of these strategies – the constructs of populism, of power concentration and of difference – serve to define political deviance and to (de)legitimize political actors in relation to democracy. The fourth macro-strategy, relativization, serves to justify actions that contradict established democratic principles but serve greater politico-ideological goals.

    (De)legitimation in relation to democracy corresponds with the closeness of a group of actors to the dominant political practices and values within global capitalism. Journalistic reporting thus follows a post-political gaze; it is generally in accordance with the political consensus that characterizes the post-Cold War era. Through this gaze, any challenge to the political tenets of global capitalism fails on democratic grounds.

    List of papers
    1. Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela
    2014 (English)In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 802-821Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Despite scholarly consensus about the importance of the media for democracy, scant attention has been paid to what democracy means to journalistic discourse and how discourses on democracy are interrelated with legitimacy. The aim of this paper is to explore how (il)legitimate democracy is constructed in newspaper discourse. By using critical discourse analysis (CDA), this paper examines foreign news items about Venezuela, a country that under the presidency of Hugo Chávez has challenged the dominant global political and economic orders. The analysis section focuses on two discourses about the Venezuelan government: the constructions of populism  and power concentration, which serve to mark deviance from what is perceived as a legitimate democracy. This paper argues that a liberal perception of democracy constitutes a central framework for the construction of (il)legitimate democracy, which is revealed not least by news discourse’s focus on what is morally unacceptable political conduct according to liberal democratic norms. In this respect, the media discourse serves to denounce potential abuses of governmental power but fail to recognize democracy in the context of a social struggle against the effects of neoliberalism and capitalism. In this case, the news media is hegemonic in the Gramscian sense, because it provides a framework of democracy that remains within the dominant economic and political structures.

    Keywords
    Democracy; Media; Journalism; Discourse; Ideology; Legitimacy; Liberalism; Foreign News, Venezuela, Hugo Chávez
    National Category
    Media and Communications
    Research subject
    Media and Communication Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39610 (URN)
    Available from: 2014-12-11 Created: 2014-12-11 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
    2. Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela
    2016 (English)In: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 94-115Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore the construction of difference in foreign news discourse on culturally similar but politically different non-Western subjects. Applying critical discourse analysis (CDA) together with a critique of Eurocentrism, the study examines difference in newspaper constructions of government supporters and oppositional groups in Venezuela. Discursive differences are evident in the strategies used for constructing the two groups with regard to political rationality and violence. Government supporters are associated with social justice, Venezuela's poor, dogmatic behavior, and the use of political violence. The opposition, in contrast, is constructed as following a Western democratic rationale that stresses anti-authoritarianism. This group is primarily associated with victims of violence. While the opposition is conveyed as being compatible with Eurocentric values and practices, government supporters to great extent deviate from these norms. Such constructions serve to legitimize politico-ideological undercurrents of Eurocentrism, as the defense of liberalism.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2016
    Keywords
    critical discourse analysis, difference, Eurocentrism, foreign news, ideology, legitimacy, media, postcolonialism, Venezuela
    National Category
    Media and Communications
    Research subject
    Media and Communication Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39875 (URN)10.1075/jlp.15.1.05aba (DOI)000375712400005 ()2-s2.0-84969706233 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2014-12-17 Created: 2014-12-17 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
    3. First hegemony, then democracy: on ideology and the media discourse on the coup against Hugo Chávez
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>First hegemony, then democracy: on ideology and the media discourse on the coup against Hugo Chávez
    2012 (English)In: OBS - Observatorio, ISSN 1646-5954, E-ISSN 1646-5954, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 105-128Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the media discourse on the 2002 coup d’état against the government of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela, with the aim of exploring how ideology in media discourse helps construct democracy in a Latin American political context. Critical discourse analysis is used to examine written pieces from Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US). The study finds that the discourse on the overthrow and the events preceding it constructs the coup as a potential victory for democracy and as the definitive end of Chávez. However, after the failure of the coup and the reinstallation of Chávez one can perceive discursive renegotiations, such as the publishing of non-fundamental criticism of the overthrow. The study argues that the media discourse on the coup displays a highly relativistic attitude towards democracy, which serves the interests of the elite classes in Venezuela and of US hegemony in global politics. The article also argues that the flexibility of the discourse at hand shows the need for a detailed analysis of how ideology is (re)formed in media discourse.

    Keywords
    Critical discourse analysis, democracy, ideology, hegemony, news media, Hugo Chávez
    National Category
    Media and Communications
    Research subject
    Media and Communication Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-25730 (URN)
    Available from: 2012-09-06 Created: 2012-09-06 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
  • 9.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela2016In: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 94-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore the construction of difference in foreign news discourse on culturally similar but politically different non-Western subjects. Applying critical discourse analysis (CDA) together with a critique of Eurocentrism, the study examines difference in newspaper constructions of government supporters and oppositional groups in Venezuela. Discursive differences are evident in the strategies used for constructing the two groups with regard to political rationality and violence. Government supporters are associated with social justice, Venezuela's poor, dogmatic behavior, and the use of political violence. The opposition, in contrast, is constructed as following a Western democratic rationale that stresses anti-authoritarianism. This group is primarily associated with victims of violence. While the opposition is conveyed as being compatible with Eurocentric values and practices, government supporters to great extent deviate from these norms. Such constructions serve to legitimize politico-ideological undercurrents of Eurocentrism, as the defense of liberalism.

  • 10. Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Förenaren och utestängaren: om mediesportkonsumtion och sportpreferenser2004Report (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Johansson, Håkan
    Olsson, Tobias
    Emerging patterns in the era of e-governance: a study of users of 'Swedish public employment service' on internet2012In: Media in the swirl / [ed] Ravi K. Dhar, Pooja Rana, New Delhi: Pentagon Press , 2012, 1, p. 114-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Abdellah, Nadia
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Berglund, Josefin
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    En studie i rött: En socialsemiotisk analys av Socialdemokraternas valbroschyrer från 1960, 1985 och 20062008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet är att undersöka hur Socialdemokraternas valbroschyrer har förändrats i sättet att presentera sig själva för potentiella väljare under de senaste 50 åren.

    Metod: Socialsemiotik

    Teorier: Uppsatsen tar avstamp utifrån teorier om förmoderna, moderna och postmoderna kampanjer samt amerikaniseringsteorier, men även hur trenderna enligt forskare ser ut i Sverige och andra europeiska länder.

    Huvudresultat: Undersökningen visar såväl likheter som skillnader mellan de analyserade åren. Reklamdiskursens växande inverkan på broschyrerna gör sig tydlig, vilket kan ses som en del i den växande kommersialiseringen av politiken. Tendenser till en amerikanisering kan skönjas men dessa är vaga. Uppdelningen av kampanjer som förmoderna, moderna och postmoderna anser vi vara diskutabla.

  • 13.
    Abdelzadeh, Hewa
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Benca, Jasmin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Orientalismens vindar blåser ännu: En kritisk diskursanalys av Dagens Nyheters och Aftonbladets nyhetsrapportering om Stockholm respektive Oslo- och Utøyadåden2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 14.
    Abrache, Cassandra
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Keffel, Christine
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Storytelling- en kosmetisk gest eller reell delaktighet?: – En studie i användningen av strategiskt berättande hos två organisationersom arbetar för omställning.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här är fallstudien har vi valt att undersöka hur två organisationer som arbetar med klimatomställning använder storytelling. Den ena organisationen, EU, har drivit projektet Leader sedan 1990-talet, den andra är Svenska Naturskyddsföreningen som 2013 skapade en julkalender för sin hemsida. I studien undersöks sambandet mellan organisationernas bild av engagemang och berättelsernas struktur. Studien utgår från två teoretiska perspektiv Governmentality och narrativ teori. Sökningen av berättelserna har skett genom ett målstyrt urval och två kvalitativa metoder har tillämpats: text- och narrationsanalys.

  • 15.
    Adenwala, Adil
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Mediatization of News: Analysis on Initial News Coverage of Osama Bin Laden's Death by Jang Group (one of the leading media moguls) of Pakistan.2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 16.
    Adolfsson, Jessica
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Lindevall, Vilhelm
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Politiskt kvitter : En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av politisk kommunikation på Twitter 2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 17.
    Agendia, Aloysius
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Mass Media and corruption in Cameroon: A study of the press coverage of corruption in The Post and Eden2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 18.
    Ahl, Emma
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Svenska helyllepappor på bästa sändningstid: En semiotisk studie av maskuliniteter i Solsidan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about masculinity in the Swedish television series Solsidan. The study therefore is including a discussion about the Swedish gender equality context. To study Solsidan a semiotic tool was used. This was to see the underlying meanings of the representations in the three male characters Alex, Fredde and Ove. Raewyn Connells concept about a range of masculinities in a hierarchy including hegemony, subordination and complicity ones and how these can be seen in different levels, local, regional and global was included. The purpose of this essay is to examine how masculinity is represented in Solsidan, if there are hegemonic ones, and if these can be seen as equal.

    This study came to the result that the characters and their representations are in a somewhat identity crisis between primary two masculinities. One that is more traditional and one that is more modern and family oriented. These do both take the role as a hegemonic role at different levels. The modern and family oriented take a hegemonic role at a regional level since this is the ideal for men that the Swedish politics admire. At a local level thus, there is other more traditional roles that take a hegemonic functioning. The program can be seen as it problematizes that the characters are in these two kinds of masculinities, and also I question if the Swedish state lifts Sweden as a country with men that are equal, but at the local level you can see that this might not always be the case.

  • 19.
    Ahlberg, Johan
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ljungquist, Johan
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Sámis as Contemporary Individuals, Spectacles and Lurking Predators: A critical discourse analysis of Sámi depictions in the tv series Midnight Sun2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis examines how the Swedish-French television series Midnight Sun portrays its Sámi characters. The series sparked a lot of debate following its airing due to some of the characterisations. Due to the history of racism that Sámis have faced and continue to face, it is important to analyse contemporary depictions in order to identify how racist preconceptions are being reproduced. The study aims to problematise the connotations of colonialist discourse and processes of othering and mystification that the Sámi characters are subjected to, while also examining whether the depictions play into established Sámi stereotypes.

    Based in previous research of indigenous representations in dominant media and the theories of postcolonialism and Encoding/Decoding, the study employs a critical discourse analysis to examine the discursive messages that are embedded in the characterisations. As source material for the analysis, the series Midnight Sun was used in its entirety. Character traits, actions and narrative arcs of the Sámi characters provide the analysis’ foundation, which are then situated in historical and contemporary Sámi struggles and a postcolonial framework in order to discuss how the viewer is led to understand the character as a result of decoding. The study shows that the characterisations have clearly subverted the traditional stereotypical images associated with Sámis. Furthermore, the series explicitly depicts the racism that Sámis face in their everyday lives. The series serves as a reflection that the discussion and

    understanding of Sámi life and culture is changing. However, despite the series’ conscious attempts to nuance the Sámi image, it ultimately falls into a number of discursive pitfalls. Several Sámi characters are othered, depicted as social deviants or mystical remnants of a lost culture. Implicit binary structures of “us” and “them” can also be inferred in the traits of the Sámi and non-Sámi characters. The series echoes colonial discourses in which the dominant society is presented as a more sophisticated counterpart. This study, in conjunction with the ongoing shift in public perception, can hopefully lead to further study of Sámi representations and their discursive nature.

  • 20.
    Ahlblom, Malena
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    If it Bleeds it Leads: An interview study and a discourse analysis of crime reporting in South African Radio2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The primary purpose of this thesis was to examine, by in depth-interviews, how reporters and news editors in four regional radio stations in South Africa perceive themselves to carry out the role as a credible news source in terms of crime reporting. In addition, the thesis had two secondary purposes. One purpose was to examine, by a discourse analysis, how online news are constructed discursively. Also, one purpose was to examine the relationship between the radio and the police. Finally, the study examined how perceptions on crime reporting differed from commercial radio stations to community radio stations. The aim was to reveal radio’s potential to practice journalistic ideals in a developing democracy where media in the context of freedom of expression is relatively new.

    The theoretical framework in the thesis focused on media and democracy development in emerging democracies in general and in South Africa, in particular. Theories of journalistic ideals were used to investigate the values that media proclaim to follow in their daily work. Also, theories of crime reporting and news criteria were explored to stress the external and internal variables that influence the agenda of crime reporting.

    Results show that as crime is so common in South Africa crime is no longer considered as news. Also, crime is not a criterion in itself but has to meet other criteria as well such as a certain level of drama and violence. As a result, the radio stations in this study prioritize crimes that are violent and sensationalistic. Furthermore, the information on crime comes from several sources but the reporters in this study tend to perceive the information from the police spokesperson as most reliable and valid. In addition, the discourse analysis confirms this result as six of eight articles origin from the police. The results further showed that there are no differences between the community radio stations and the commercial radio stations in terms of how they approach crime. However, the discourse analysis shows that the commercial radio stations more often used the police as the main source in their articles. Still, it is the focus of the radio station that determines the differences. Also, it is the journalistic rules and the traditional perception of how news should be constructed discursively that determine the design of news. Moreover, the reporters in this study have not experienced pressure from external sources while covering a story. In addition, it is unusual that the respondents experience risks in their job and the radio reporters claims to be unaffected by external pressure. The relationship between the police and the reporters is perceived to be good.

    Conclusively, the radio stations in this study do not counteract to the divided society in South Africa as they are emphasizing some crimes more than others which strengthens the perception of who commits the crime, who the victims are and what crimes that should be perceived as more important. As the radio stations have a heavy coverage of crime in their news bulletins crime has become a normalization which can reinforce a fear among the public. Also, the reporters believe that they are not reflecting everyone’s reality. As a result, the discursive sphere is slowly fading as commercial interest determines the news agenda.

  • 21.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Hinders, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Lindelöw, Camilla
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Parmhed, Sara
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Swedberg, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Universitetsbiblioteket.
    Research collaboration between Stockholm University and other Swedish academic institutions: a bibliometric study to support decisions on library collaborationIn: Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Libraries, QQML, ISSN 2241-1925, E-ISSN 2241-1925Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Academic libraries collaborate in several ways. For instance, collaboration can concern standards for indexing and statistics, technical solutions or collection development. A question that a given academic library might ask is with which other academic libraries the library should principally collaborate. In this study, we show how bibliometric methods can be used to generate information that can support decision making with regard to the question at stake. We evaluate the amount of research collaboration between Stockholm University and other Swedish academic institutions across five publishing years, and for the whole considered time period, where research collaboration is operationalized as co-publishing. A dataset of publications obtained from Web of Science, where each publication has at least one Stockholm University address, is used in the study. Co-publishing rates, non-fractionalized and fractionalized, across the publishing years and for the whole for period, for Stockholm University and other Swedish academic institutions, are reported. Further, parts of the outcome of the study are visualized in terms of co-publishing networks.

  • 22.
    Ahlgren Törmoen, Ronja
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Brandt, Vanda
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ät dig lycklig!: En kritisk diskursanalys av kostrådgivning i tre hälsomagasin2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Healthy eating has become an important subject in society, particularly in the media. Food has always been a complex area but in recent years it has become even more distinct. Based on a critical discourse analysis, the purpose of this study is to examine and disclose what discourses that appear in articles regarding dietary counselling in three swedish health magazines, ToppHälsa, MåBra and Womens Health & Wellness. Analyzing three articles in each magazine we identified several discourses. The most prominent is the discourse about wellbeing. The majority of the articles reproduce this discourse by associating healthy eating with wellbeing. As the research field is limited, this study contributes with findings in a area that still needs further research.

  • 23.
    Ahlin, Petra
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Johanson, Jennie
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    En stor stark mjukis: - en studie om representation av maskulinitet i svensk ölreklam2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 24. Ahlquist, Martin
    et al.
    Borglund, Tommy
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Medierna och etiken: ansvar i ett nytt medielandskap2017Book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Ahmedov, Rahmatillo
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The Social and Ideological Characteristics of Racism and Xenophobia in the Popular Russian Online Newspapers2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 26.
    Akhtar, Sajid
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    War on Afghanistan in the Eyes of the American New York Times and the Pakistani Jang2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27.
    Alander, Emma
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Påven Franciskus  - döpt i den sekulära döpfunten?: En kritisk diskursanalys av den svenska nyhetspressens representation av påven Franciskus och gynnandet av en sekulär diskurs2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Albinsson, Anna
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Nilsson, Sanna
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Volvo C30: en retorisk text- och bildanalys av webbsidor2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29.
    Aldell, Mikael
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Rashed, Tara
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Välkommen till Drömmarnas land: En Multimodal Kritisk Diskursanalys om Gunilla Persson i Svenska Hollywoodfruar från ett klassperspektiv.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 30.
    Al-Haydar, Sattar
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Time concept and software production in a cross-cultural team: a structurational analysis2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Al-Haydar, Sattar
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Cultural aspects in global systems development: an analytical tool2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Ali, Mariam
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Emelie
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Vad är en framgångsrik kampanj?: En studie av branschens syn på PR- och reklamkampanjers effekter2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 33.
    Alioshina, Evelina
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Den traditionella kvinnan vs den moderna kvinnan: - en semiotisk analys av TV serien Sex And The City2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 34.
    Aljazairi, Sena
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    ROBOT JOURNALISM:: THREAT OR AN OPPORTUNITY2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 35.
    Almberger, Jessica
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Svanborg, Victoria
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    “Låt bäste man kn*lla först”: en receptionsanalys av några unga mäns uppfattningar om maskulinitet i Paradise Hotel2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This reception study intends to examine how masculinity is constructed in Paradise Hotel and how two groups of male high school students perceive and experience the TV-show and its construction of masculinity. Analysis of the material is divided into two parts. First, a descriptive and a multimodal analysis of an episode of Paradise Hotel where the result will be analyzed with a theoretical framework of masculinity research and masculinity theory.Second, an audience analysis based on a multidimensional model will be used to analyze the informants’ perceptions and experiences of the TV-program. The result shows that Paradise Hotel produces a traditional hegemonic masculinity and that it is commonly occurring in the informants’ everyday lives. This study also shows that the informants who study social science disassociates with said social structures and have an understanding of gender, while the informants who study construction considers masculinity to appertain to ones sex.

  • 36.
    Alneberg, Josefin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Etik och strategiska bloggar: När bloggen blir PR-verktyg2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats tar sin utgångspunkt i PR-världens anammande av bloggar. För denna studie undersöks bloggar som använts i PR- och marknadsföringssyfte där bloggens verkliga avsändare inte varit känd för majoriteten av bloggens läsare. Två specifika bloggar har valts ut för denna studie, bloggen Black Ascot som syftade till att skapa uppmärksamhet kring Malmö Opera samt bloggen Stefan The Swopper som var en del i en kampanj för Posten. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka och därigenom ge kunskap om hur bloggar används och utformas i PR- och kampanjverksamhet. Därmed är syftet också att undersöka vilka de strategiska tankegångarna bakom de för uppsatsen utvalda bloggarna varit samt hur dessa bloggar kan anses vara förenliga med gängse PR-etik. Studien utgår från följande tre frågeställningar:

     

    • Hur har de PR-präglade bloggarna och dess innehåll utformats i förhållande till dess syften?
    • I vilken grad kan användning av bloggar inom PR och marknadsföring medföra några etiska problem?
    • Vilken betydelse har bloggarnas dialogiska funktioner i relation till etiska aspekter?

     

    Studiens tillvägagångssätt består av att bloggarna i fråga har analyserats med hjälp av brukstextanalys. Utöver detta har också två personer intervjuats som haft del i respektive blogg. Resultat av brukstextanalys och transkriberade intervjuer analyseras och diskuteras sedan i relation till studiens teoretiska grund som återfinns i teori och forskning kring bloggar och bloggars användningsområden inom public relations samt etik. Därutöver återfinns också relevant tidigare forskning avseende liknande bloggar. Studiens diskussionskapitel är indelat i fyra huvudrubriker: Utformning av de strategiska bloggarna, Black Ascot, Stefan The Swopper och PR-branschens legitimitetskris, Vikten av sanning och transparens samt PR-bloggarna i relation till etikkoder. Diskussionen resulterar i att följande centrala slutsatser kan dras: De undersökta bloggarnas utformning och innehåll har till största del präglats av det syfte som hela tiden varit uppenbart. Det underliggande syftet har påverkat bloggarna så till vida att det format den historia som berättas i Black Ascot samt dess utformning som en kulturblogg. Stefan The Swopper har präglats av det underliggande syftet då uppdragsgivaren getts utrymme i både text och bild. I båda bloggarna har transparensen och sanningsenligheten varit bristande vilket måste anses problematiskt ur ett etiskt perspektiv. Däremot kan bloggarna inte anses vara manipulativa eller brista i respekten gentemot läsarna. De etiska problemen ställs också emot den dialogiska möjlighet som är förenat med bloggosfären vilket ur ett etiskt perspektiv måste ses som en fördel. Studiens intervjuresultat påvisar också att respondenterna anser att mycket av den kritik som riktats mot respektive blogg kommer sig av att bloggar är ett nytt forum för PR- och marknadsföringsaktiviteter. Huruvida detta är fallet kan inte bekräftas i denna studie men studiens teoretiska grund bekräftar att bloggar ofta upplevs som trovärdiga och tillförlitliga. Detta kan antas problematiserat av PR- och marknadsföringsaktiviteter i bloggar.

     

    I samband med att de centrala slutsatserna återges konstateras också att bristerna i transparens och sanningsenlighet öppnar upp för nya forskningsfrågor. Det finns exempelvis mycket att undersöka gällande bloggläsarnas uppfattning av hur såväl bloggosfären som PR-branschen har påverkats efter att bloggar av denna typ avslöjats ha bakomliggande intressen.

  • 37.
    Alneberg, Josefin
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    "...ett medieföretag borde vara bra på informationsgivning": - en studie ur ett chefsperspektiv av intern förändringskommunikation vid Nerikes Allehanda2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 38.
    ALOWO, MARYIAN
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    News in the Ugandan press: The case of The New Vision2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A consensus among media and communication scholars and professionals that the media is responsible for informing, educating and entertaining the public highlights the duty and power it has in a given society. By selecting, presenting and emphasizing certain news topics from the available thousands of topics and given news values, the media has the ability to influence the attitudes and beliefs of the people in one way or another. Therefore, I found it imperative to explore the front page of The New Vision, which has the highest readership in Uganda so as to establish the characteristics of the news received by the majority of newspaper readers who also constitute elites who make the laws that govern the population. The major aim of this study which is grounded in gatekeeping and news values literature is to ascertain the most common news values, topics, focus and type of the most prominently presented news items on the front page.

     

    I used two research methods: (1) a content analysis of the news items published between January 1 2009 and March 31 2009 and (2) a survey of news writers and top editors who make major decisions on what finally gets into the newspaper.  The content analysis showed that on average, three hard news items are published on the front page. Each news article has an average of five news values but the lead news story, which is the most newsworthy, has about six. News about crime, law and order was the most frequent, followed by internal politics. However, the most prominently presented stories were about internal politics. Additionally, positive news was frequent but the lead news had a negative focus. Additionally, it appears that attractive headlines suggesting conflict and drama were also used to woo readers. The other noticable findings were that The New Vision editors are older, experienced and more educated than news gatherers (reporters, bureau chiefs and photographers). Both news gatherers and news processors largely use news values as a yard stick to determine which news stories get into the newspaper. I conclude that the news stories published in the newspaper go through a rigorous process which is influenced by several factors. This process, which includes news gathering, writing, shaping, sorting and presentation, is guided by news values which do not entirely guarantee a given news item a place in the newspaper.

  • 39.
    Al-saqaf, Walid
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Breaking digital firewalls: analyzing internet censorship and circumvention in the arab world2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation explores the role of Internet censorship and circumvention in the Arab world as well as Arabs’ views on the limits to free speech on the Internet.

    The project involves the creation of an Internet censorship circumvention tool named Alkasir that allows users to report and access certain types of censored websites. The study covers the Arab world at large with special focus on Egypt, Syria, Tunisia, and Yemen.

    This work is of interdisciplinary nature and draws on the disciplines of media and communication studies and computer science. It uses a pioneering experimental approach by placing Alkasir in the hands of willing users who automatically feed a server with data about usage patterns without storing any of their personal information.

    In addition to the analysis of Alkasir usage data, Web surveys were used to learn about any technical and nontechnical Internet censorship practices that Arab users and content producers may have been exposed to. The study also aims at learning about users’ experiences with circumvention tools and how such tools could be improved.

    The study found that users have successfully reported and accessed hundreds of censored social networking, news, dissident, multimedia and other websites. The survey results show that while most Arab informants disapprove censoring online anti-government political content, the majority support the censoring of other types of content such as pornography, hate speech, and anti-religion material.

    Most informants indicated that circumvention tools should be free of charge, fast and reliable. An increase in awareness among survey respondents of the need for privacy and anonymity features in circumvention solutions was observed.

  • 40.
    Al-Saqaf, Walid
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Censory overload: how a reluctant journalist used his software skills to aid the Arab Spring2012In: Columbia Journalism Review, ISSN 0010-194X, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 26-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    How can one overcome obstacles created to hide information from the public, particularly in a time of excessive repression? This article presents an overview of the challenges and triumphes that were witnessed by one of a Yemeni cyber activist who had to confront the censorship of his news website and moved from struggling for his own cause to a wider cause. He explains how he moved from the national scope to the international by developing software that enabled activists around the world to access online information that governments block. The article is a mixture of personal narrations of previous experiences and a highlight on the difficult and turbelant time cyber activists have suffered from during the Arab Spring.

  • 41.
    Al-Saqaf, Walid
    Örebro University.
    Only dialogue can facilitate a truly open web2013In: Gulf News, ISSN 1563-5899, no September 16Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 42.
    Al-Saqaf, Walid
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Open data vital for a new Yemen: how open governments can build on the Arab Spring to deliver true freedom2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The author argues that in order for Yemen to develop, it is important that it develops an open government with the utilization of open data through online means. The argument is that transparency enhances accountability, which in turn improves governance. Information technology is seen as crucial in this process.

  • 43.
    Al-Saqaf, Walid
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The Internet as a Catalyst for Change in Yemen2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44.
    Al-Saqaf, Walid
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Unstoppable trends: The impact, role, and ideology of Yemeni news websites2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 45.
    Altvater, Martin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Nationalism in online sports journalism: A comparison between Germany and the UK2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 46.
    Amnå, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ekström, Mats
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Kerr, Margaret
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Political socialization and human agency: The development of civic engagement from adolescence to adulthood2009In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 111, no 1, p. 27-40Article, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Amnå, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ekström, Mats
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Our kids2016Other (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Anderson, Iain
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Jidemyr, Martin
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Miljön som gick upp i rök: Anti-tobaksfilm. En retorisk argumentationsstudie2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 49.
    Andersson, Annika
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Digital divides revisited: towards a model for analysis2004In: Electronic government: Proceedings of the third international conference, EGOV 2004, Zaragoza, Spain, August 30 - September 3, 2004 / [ed] Roland Traunmüller, Berlin: Springer , 2004, p. 289-292Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a model for categories of divides, and how these categories are interrelated. The factors are found by a literature study from different countries attempting to measure various divides. The model is based on earlier research on the ‘divide’ and includes: physical access, autonomy of use, know-how and motivation. Depending on the type of digital divide and the local situation, rectifying efforts must address the most crucial factor, which could be any of the four. The paper also introduces the nature and amount of different proposed divides, and relations among factors.

  • 50.
    Andersson, Annika
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Learning to learn in e-Learning: constructive practices for development2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis concerns technology use in distance educations and learning practices related to this use. The research was carried out over the period 2005 to 2009 in Bangladesh and Sri Lanka and has been reported in 6 published papers. The research is situated within the field of Information and Communication Technologies for Development (ICT4D) and within this field e-learning. Education is important for development and for many students in developing countries distance education is often the only option to get educated. The research question is if the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in distance education can contribute to development, and if so, how?

    This question is explored through two case studies in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. A variety of data collection methods have been used: interviews, questionnaires, participant observations and document review. The research approach is interpretative and findings are analyzed using Structuration Theory.

    Initial findings showed that a major challenge for students was the change of learning practices that distance education required. Findings also showed that new constructive learning practices emerged through the use of ICT. For development to take place the learning practices of students are important. Students used to learning practices based on uncritical memorization of facts will not easily take initiatives for change, whereas students used to constructive learning practices will.  Notwithstanding the fact that most students found this transition challenging, it was found that by introducing technology into long-established transmission structures, changes towards constructive learning practices occurred.

    A major contribution of this thesis is to increase the understanding of how ICT in distance education can facilitate constructive learning practices. By arguing that constructive learning practices are conducive to societal change this finding also has implications for development. The thesis also makes a theoretical contribution by extending Structuration Theory’s applicability in demonstrating its explanatory power in settings where researcher and informants are geographically and socially distant.

    List of papers
    1. A Conceptual Framework for E-Learning in Developing Countries: A Critical Review of Research Challenges
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Conceptual Framework for E-Learning in Developing Countries: A Critical Review of Research Challenges
    2009 (English)In: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, E-ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 38, no 8, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a critical review of research on challenges for e-learning with a particular focus on developing countries. A comprehensive literature review including 60 papers on e-learning challenges was undertaken for the purpose of understanding how to implement e-learning in developing countries. Research questions were: what has existing research identified as the major challenges for e-learning, and, what differences, if any, are there between developing countries and developed countries in this respect? The literature study found 278 papers which were condensed to 60 based on exclusion and inclusion criteria designed to find papers of best quality as well as papers that clearly investigated well-defined challenges. The research found 30 specific challenges which were grouped into four categories, viz.: courses, individuals, technology and context. The overall conclusion is that these challenges are equally valid for both developed and developing countries; however in developing countries more papers focus on access to technology and context whereas in developed countries more papers concern individuals. A further finding is that most papers focus on one or two categories of challenges; few papers exhibit a comprehensive view. Because challenges are interrelated, based on the findings we propose a conceptual framework of emerging issues for e-learning in developed and developing countries. The framework is useful to guide both practice and research.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Hong Kong: City University of Hong Kong, 2009
    Keywords
    e-learning, challenges, literature review, conceptual framework, developing countries
    National Category
    Information Systems
    Research subject
    Computer Science; informatics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-8058 (URN)
    Available from: 2009-10-01 Created: 2009-10-01 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
    2. Seven major challenges for e-learning in developing countries: Case study eBIT, Sri Lanka
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Seven major challenges for e-learning in developing countries: Case study eBIT, Sri Lanka
    2008 (English)In: International Journal of Education and Development using ICT, ISSN 1814-0556, Vol. 4, no 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    By using an extensive framework for e-learning enablers and disablers (including 37 factors) this paper sets out to identify which of these challenges are most salient for an e-learning course in Sri Lanka. The study includes 1887 informants and data has been collected from year 2004 to 2007, covering opinions of students and staff. A quantitative approach is taken to identify the most important factors followed by a qualitative analysis to explain why and how they are important. The study identified seven major challenges in the following areas: Student support, Flexibility, Teaching and Learning Activities, Access, Academic confidence, Localization and Attitudes. In this paper these challenges will be discussed and solutions suggested.

    Keywords
    e-learning; challenges, developing countries; support; flexibility; access; academic confidence; localization; interactivity; attitudes
    National Category
    Information Systems Social Sciences Computer and Information Sciences Computer and Information Sciences
    Research subject
    Informatics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-5908 (URN)
    Available from: 2009-03-05 Created: 2009-03-03 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
    3. Letters from the field: e-learning students change of learning behaviour in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Letters from the field: e-learning students change of learning behaviour in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh
    2008 (English)In: Proceedings of ECEL 2008: 7th European conference on e-Learning, 2008, p. 29-37Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports the findings from two case studies on e-learning in Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. In these countries much hope is set on e-learning as a means to disseminate education to a larger population, but statistics show that drop out rates from e-learning courses are much higher than from traditional, classroom based, courses. In this paper it is argued that one reason for this is that the introduction of e-learning and a more student-centred learning model involves a drastic shift for students who are brought up in very teacher-centred didactic educational cultures. In order to investigate how this change in learning is perceived by its main stakeholders (i.e. the students) visits to learning centres in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh were made during 2007 and 2008. To capture the students’ opinions an open approach was chosen where students were asked to write letters about which major challenges they experience in changing their learning behaviour and completing the courses. Altogether the study is based on 107 student letters that have been analyzed and coded based on major differences and challenges identified by the students. Findings show that most students find learning on their own to be the major difference. They find this challenging because they feel very distant and because they do not know how to learn on their own. They have difficulties in managing their time and a lack of flexibility combined with a sloppy administration makes it even worse. Students used to being spoon-fed and learning by memorizing obviously need much support in taking ownership of their own learning in order to be able to learn by themselves. By comparing and mapping these findings to solutions suggested by existing research this study therefore suggests that support functions should be provided for students on ‘how to be an online learner’ and on ‘how to learn by yourself’. The teacher interaction and presence should also, at least in the early stages of the course, be frequent and active in order to make the student confident in his or hers ability to learn on their own. Finally, course flexibility (in regards to delivery mode and pace) should be high and much effort should be put into creating a supportive and well-organized administration

    Keywords
    e-learning, developing countries, educational structures, pedagogical differences, learning behaviour, support functions
    National Category
    Information Systems
    Research subject
    Informatics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-5909 (URN)
    Conference
    7th European Conference on e-Learning, Agia Napa, Cyprus, 6-7 November 2008
    Available from: 2009-03-05 Created: 2009-03-03 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
    4. Increasing interactivity in distance educations: Case studies Bangladesh and Sri Lanka
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Increasing interactivity in distance educations: Case studies Bangladesh and Sri Lanka
    2010 (English)In: Information Technology for Development, ISSN 0268-1102, E-ISSN 1554-0170, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 16-33Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes how distance educations in developing countries can enhance interactivityby means of information and communication technologies. It is argued that e-learning involvesa shift in the educational structure from traditional transmission of knowledge to interactivecreation of knowledge. Our case studies are two distance educations in Bangladesh and SriLanka that use different technologies for implementing interactivity; Internet and computersin one case and video and mobile phones in the other. The findings are analyzed based onStructuration Theory and we compare the two approaches based on emerging norms andbeliefs. Findings from both cases show the concurrent enactment of both the transmissionand the interactive structure. Whereas peer collaboration and the use of self-assessment toolsmake students take more ownership of their learning, we also found the idea of a classroomwith an instructive teacher to be deeply rooted in the students’ minds.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Oxford, United Kingdom: Routledge, 2010
    Keywords
    e-learning, interactivity, educational structures, developing countries, Structuration Theory
    National Category
    Information Systems
    Research subject
    Informatics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-10267 (URN)10.1080/02681100903533719 (DOI)000208173200003 ()2-s2.0-78650331369 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2010-03-29 Created: 2010-03-29 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
    5. Learning e-Learning: the restructuring of students beliefs and assumptions about learning
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Learning e-Learning: the restructuring of students beliefs and assumptions about learning
    2010 (English)In: International Journal on E-learning, ISSN 1537-2456, E-ISSN 1943-5932, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 435-461Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper builds on a case study on e-learning in Sri Lanka with focus on students’ underlying beliefs about how one learns. E-learning programs are most often set up with the assumption that students should think, act and learn independently and with underlying values of constructivism and learner–centred learning. For students used to classroom-based, didactic education the transition to the e-learning paradigm is, however, neither predetermined nor immediate. The objective of this paper is to find out if, and how, the e-learning practice manages to transform students into more independent and self sustaining learners. By drawing on Structuration Theory this study analyzes and compares novice and experienced students’ assumptions about learning when asking for a particular support function, because support needs should change if students start adopting the e-learning view on how learning is achieved. Findings show that students increasingly adopt the e-learning view on learning as they progress through the program. Students take increasingly more ownership of their learning and the teacher is no longer seen as the container of all knowledge. The importance of discussions also increases over time indicating that knowledge is no longer seen as being transmitted but rather created.

    National Category
    Information Systems
    Research subject
    Informatics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-10268 (URN)
    Available from: 2010-03-29 Created: 2010-03-29 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
    6. Learning from e-learning: emerging constructive learning practices
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Learning from e-learning: emerging constructive learning practices
    2009 (English)In: Doing IT research that matters, 2009Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research is situated within the field of Information and Communication Technologies for Development (ICT4D) and asks if ICT use can make learning practices change. While constructive learning practices are critical to both individual and societal development, repetitive learning practices are the norm in many developing countries. The study is based on observations and in-depth interviews and uses a structurational approach to understand if and how students views of learning change during an e-learning program in Sri Lanka. We found four constructive learning practices that emerged through technology use; individual exploring, interaction with peers, interaction with teachers, and taking responsibility of the learning. Many constructive learning practices emerged outside the LMS used, in students’ voluntary uses of publicly available resources on the Internet. The study shows that technology use can play a positive role for development, provided an open environment is available; students learn constructive practicesfrom e-learning.

    Keywords
    ICT4D, e-learning, learning practices, Structuration Theory, constructive learning theory
    National Category
    Information Systems
    Research subject
    Informatics
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-8886 (URN)
    Conference
    International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS), Phoenix 2009
    Note

    ICIS 2009 Proceedings. Paper 51.

    Available from: 2009-12-21 Created: 2009-12-21 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved
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