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  • 1.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Johan
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Fostering the truthful individual Communicating media literacy in the comic Bamse2021In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 109-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the construction of media literacy in a special issue on source criticism of the Swedish children's comic Bamse - Varldens Starkaste Bjorn [Bamse - The World's Strongest Bear]. This is done with the purpose of understanding what values, perspectives, and practices are promoted when media literacy is communicated via children's edutainment media. Using narrative and discourse analysis, we problematise how notions of truth (such as post-truth) guide much of the discourse on digital media in today's post-political society, and how that and individualisation shape notions of media literacy. This is visible in the analysed case in how source criticism is constructed in relation to notions of truth and falsehood, and as moral lessons aimed at the individual media user. We argue that such an individualised, decontextualised, and depoliticised take on media literacy is problematic and an expression of neoliberalism and a middle-class gaze.

  • 2. Ahlquist, Martin
    et al.
    Borglund, Tommy
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Medierna och etiken: ansvar i ett nytt medielandskap2017 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Aitaki, Georgia
    Department of Journalis, Media and Communication, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    All good people have debts: Framing the Greek crisis in television fiction2018In: Crisis and the media: narratives of crisis across cultural settings and media genres / [ed] Marianna Patrona, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018, p. 107-126Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Building on the notion of the Greek crisis as a discursive event and revisiting theories about the sociocultural role of television fiction, this chapter introduces the latter as a framing mechanism through which events of the social world are defined and assessed. By uncovering the dominant interpretative frames underlying the story, setting, characters and plot of the popular Greek television comedy Piso Sto Spiti (MEGA channel, 2011–2013), this analysis illustrates television fiction’s contribution to the construction of the root causes of the crisis as tied to the cultural traits of Greeks, the impossibility of change and the futility of an alternative, left-wing consideration of the crisis, as well as an attempt to morally assess the situation at hand.

  • 4.
    Aitaki, Georgia
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Authorship potentialities in Greek television fiction: The social dramas of Manousos ManousakisManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Aitaki, Georgia
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Book Review: The academic study of Greek television: Mapping a scattered field2018In: Critical Studies in Television, ISSN 1749-6020, E-ISSN 1749-6039, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 244-253Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Aitaki, Georgia
    Department of Journalis, Media and Communication, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Domesticating pathogenies, evaluating change: the Eurozone crisis as a ‘hot moment’ in Greek television fiction2018In: Media, culture & society, ISSN 0163-4437, Vol. 40, no 7, p. 957-972Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates how the Eurozone crisis is thematically negotiated in a popular Greek television comedy. Inspired by the increasing interest in the ideological role of news media during the Eurozone crisis of the late 2000s, it turns the spotlight on the sphere of entertainment in an attempt to address the importance of fictional mediations and meaning-making processes. To that end, it proposes an understanding of television fiction as an accommodator and shaper of ‘hot moments’, instigating processes of self-assessment and evaluation of change. More specifically, the study examines the ways in which the family comedy Piso sto Spiti (MEGA Channel, 2011–2013) provides culturally based understandings of the Eurozone crisis by depicting it as associated with inherent flaws of the modern Greek and by assessing the possibility of change through a juxtaposition with national ‘others’. At the same time, it identifies ways that ideology leaks from television fiction in its interaction with other media discourses simultaneously circulating within a society.

  • 7.
    Aitaki, Georgia
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    In search of the Greek television author: The social dramas of Manousos Manousakis2020In: Screen, ISSN 0036-9543, E-ISSN 1460-2474, Vol. 61, no 3, p. 403-422Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Aitaki, Georgia
    Department of Journalis, Media and Communication, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Laughing with / at the national self: Greek television satire and the politics of self-disparagement2017In: Social Semiotics, ISSN 1035-0330, E-ISSN 1470-1219, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 68-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study engages with the cultural consequences of the self-disparaging politics of television satire. It focuses on an emblematic program of Greek television fiction, Oi Afthairetoi (MEGA channel, 1989–1991) and the ways it both constructs and ridicules a particular version of the Greek self, the “Neoellinas”. By proposing a wider understanding of the political side-effects of television satire, which have so far been mainly addressed within the study of political satire, it turns the attention toward the role of satirical discourse in a public’s view on its national self in times of change or transition. More specifically, while it recognizes the contradictory impact that satire can have on society, it applies the concept of “satiric misfire” as a means to understand satirical endeavors which reinforce rather than counter the problematics they set out to fight against in the first place.

  • 9.
    Aitaki, Georgia
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Making TV fiction in a commercial context: The case of Greek private television.Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Aitaki, Georgia
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The Historicized ‘Self’ and the Hungry ‘Other’: Geopolitical Imaginations in Greek Television Comedy Oi Aparadektoi/The Unacceptables2015In: Filmicon: Journal of Greek Film Studies, E-ISSN 2241-6692, no 3, p. 32-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Popular geopolitics has recognized in popular culture a platform where geopolitical imaginations are created and discursive constructions of ‘self’ and ‘other’ take place. However, limited work has been done on the employment of specific methodological tools of Critical Discourse Analysis on popular culture texts. This article attempts a hands-on analysis on an episode of a popular product of Greek television fiction (Oi Aparadektoi), and constitutes a combination of theoretical discussion, on one hand, and data presentation and analysis, on the other. Building on a growing body of literature arguing in favor of popular culture’s value for study of politics, the main argument is that television fiction can, and should be, included in investigations of the (geo)politics of the contemporary world and the politics of (national) identity, while special focus is placed on how a discourse-oriented approach can be adopted for the study of products of television fiction.

  • 11.
    Aitaki, Georgia
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The Private Life of a Nation in Crisis: A Study on the Politics in/of Greek Television Fiction2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The private life of a nation in crisis offers in-depth studies of the fictional reconstruction and negotiation of moments of heightened societal tension that take place throughout the life of a nation. Its constituent papers focus on the role of television fiction in representing and shaping either critical moments, events, or periods that disrupt the normal pace of life, or unresolved societal tensions that become part of everyday life. What is more, the papers investigate the socio-cultural consequences of representations, in terms of the interpretative lenses television fiction provides for understanding the events as such. The empirical focus is placed on television fiction produced and broadcast in Greece, a country that has recently received a large share of publicity because of its protagonistic role in the late 2000s Eurozone crisis and, at the same time, a media landscape with multiple aspects that still remain uncharted. The thesis contains case studies from different periods of Greek television fiction, from 1989 – the year of the launch of the first private channels in Greece – onwards, in an attempt to connect the overall project to the production context characterizing commercial television, another aspect of European television in the process of continuous exploration. Through a close analysis of specific television programmes, as well as a complementary study of the production culture of private television in Greece, this thesis aspires to contribute to the general question regarding the role of the media in critical, uncertain, or tumultuous times, with an emphasis on television fiction’s potential to recode their meaning and to reflect back on society.

    List of papers
    1. All good people have debts: Framing the Greek crisis in television fiction
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>All good people have debts: Framing the Greek crisis in television fiction
    2018 (English)In: Crisis and the media: narratives of crisis across cultural settings and media genres / [ed] Marianna Patrona, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018, p. 107-126Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Building on the notion of the Greek crisis as a discursive event and revisiting theories about the sociocultural role of television fiction, this chapter introduces the latter as a framing mechanism through which events of the social world are defined and assessed. By uncovering the dominant interpretative frames underlying the story, setting, characters and plot of the popular Greek television comedy Piso Sto Spiti (MEGA channel, 2011–2013), this analysis illustrates television fiction’s contribution to the construction of the root causes of the crisis as tied to the cultural traits of Greeks, the impossibility of change and the futility of an alternative, left-wing consideration of the crisis, as well as an attempt to morally assess the situation at hand.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2018
    Series
    Discourse approaches to politics, society and culture, ISSN 1569-9463 ; 76
    Keywords
    Greek crisis, framing, television fiction, Piso Sto Spiti, ideology
    National Category
    Media Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-81853 (URN)10.1075/dapsac.76.06ait (DOI)2-s2.0-85062664925 (Scopus ID)9789027200341 (ISBN)9789027264428 (ISBN)
    Available from: 2020-05-14 Created: 2020-05-14 Last updated: 2020-11-16Bibliographically approved
    2. Domesticating pathogenies, evaluating change: the Eurozone crisis as a ‘hot moment’ in Greek television fiction
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Domesticating pathogenies, evaluating change: the Eurozone crisis as a ‘hot moment’ in Greek television fiction
    2018 (English)In: Media, culture & society, ISSN 0163-4437, Vol. 40, no 7, p. 957-972Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates how the Eurozone crisis is thematically negotiated in a popular Greek television comedy. Inspired by the increasing interest in the ideological role of news media during the Eurozone crisis of the late 2000s, it turns the spotlight on the sphere of entertainment in an attempt to address the importance of fictional mediations and meaning-making processes. To that end, it proposes an understanding of television fiction as an accommodator and shaper of ‘hot moments’, instigating processes of self-assessment and evaluation of change. More specifically, the study examines the ways in which the family comedy Piso sto Spiti (MEGA Channel, 2011–2013) provides culturally based understandings of the Eurozone crisis by depicting it as associated with inherent flaws of the modern Greek and by assessing the possibility of change through a juxtaposition with national ‘others’. At the same time, it identifies ways that ideology leaks from television fiction in its interaction with other media discourses simultaneously circulating within a society.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    London: Sage Publications, 2018
    Keywords
    change, Eurozone crisis, Greece, hot moment, identity, Piso sto Spiti, television fiction
    National Category
    Media Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-81852 (URN)10.1177/0163443717734403 (DOI)000444979000001 ()2-s2.0-85053618130 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2020-05-14 Created: 2020-05-14 Last updated: 2020-11-16Bibliographically approved
    3. Laughing with / at the national self: Greek television satire and the politics of self-disparagement
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Laughing with / at the national self: Greek television satire and the politics of self-disparagement
    2017 (English)In: Social Semiotics, ISSN 1035-0330, E-ISSN 1470-1219, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 68-82Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study engages with the cultural consequences of the self-disparaging politics of television satire. It focuses on an emblematic program of Greek television fiction, Oi Afthairetoi (MEGA channel, 1989–1991) and the ways it both constructs and ridicules a particular version of the Greek self, the “Neoellinas”. By proposing a wider understanding of the political side-effects of television satire, which have so far been mainly addressed within the study of political satire, it turns the attention toward the role of satirical discourse in a public’s view on its national self in times of change or transition. More specifically, while it recognizes the contradictory impact that satire can have on society, it applies the concept of “satiric misfire” as a means to understand satirical endeavors which reinforce rather than counter the problematics they set out to fight against in the first place.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Routledge, 2017
    Keywords
    Television satire, national identity, Neoellinas, irony, Greece, Oi Afthairetoi
    National Category
    Media Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-81849 (URN)10.1080/10350330.2017.1408893 (DOI)000456210000005 ()2-s2.0-85035319724 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2020-05-14 Created: 2020-05-14 Last updated: 2020-11-16Bibliographically approved
    4. Making TV fiction in a commercial context: The case of Greek private television.
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Making TV fiction in a commercial context: The case of Greek private television.
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Social Sciences Media Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-87394 (URN)
    Available from: 2020-11-16 Created: 2020-11-16 Last updated: 2020-11-16Bibliographically approved
    5. Authorship potentialities in Greek television fiction: The social dramas of Manousos Manousakis
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Authorship potentialities in Greek television fiction: The social dramas of Manousos Manousakis
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Social Sciences Media Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-87395 (URN)
    Available from: 2020-11-16 Created: 2020-11-16 Last updated: 2020-11-16Bibliographically approved
  • 12.
    Aitaki, Georgia
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Chairetis, Spyridon
    Oxford University.
    Introduction to Greek Television Studies: (Re)Reading Greek Television Fiction since 19892019In: Filmicon: Journal of Greek Film Studies, ISSN 2241-6692, no 6, p. 1-16Article in journal (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    Introduction to Greek Television Studies - (Re)Reading Greek Television Fiction since 1989
  • 13.
    Aitaki, Georgia
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Chairetis, SpyridonOxford University, Oxford, UK.
    Introduction to Greek Television Studies: (Re)Reading Greek Television Fiction since 19892019Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Aitaki, Georgia
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Papadimitriou, LydiaLiverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK.Tzioumakis, YannisUniversity of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.
    Greek Screen Industries2020Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Aitaki, Georgia
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Stamou, Anastasia
    Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    «Oh mein Gott! Σπαράγγι; Εν μέσω κρίσης;». Κατασκευές της γερμανικότητας στον τηλεοπτικό μυθοπλαστικό λόγο: Η περίπτωση της σειράς Πίσω στο Σπίτι ["Oh mein Gott! Asparagus? Amidst a crisis?". Constructions of Germanness in televisual fictional discourse: The case of the TV series Piso sto Spiti]2020In: Γερμανικότητα - Ελληνικότητα: Ταυτότητες στο λόγο της μαζικής κουλτούρας [Germanness – Greekness: Identities in popular culture discourse] / [ed] Anastasia Stamou, Athens: Pedio , 2020, p. 151-196Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Allam, Rasha
    et al.
    The American University in Cairo, New Cairo, Egypt.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Diffusion of Development Journalism Inside Egyptian Newsrooms2023In: The International Journal of Press/Politics, ISSN 1940-1612, E-ISSN 1940-1620, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 278-299Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the boundaries and limitations of the diffusion of "development journalism" among both the editorial body and the journalist body in the Egyptian newsrooms after the 2011 Arab Spring. Newsrooms under study represent different perspectives including state-owned, private-independent, and opposition newspapers. Through in-depth interviews with thirty-seven editors in chief and journalists, the authors studied how the editors and journalists at each newspaper define development journalism, whether the diffusion of development journalism follows a top-down or bottom-up approach, and if development journalism could influence the setting of the news agenda. Results show that the differences are not only apparent in the way development journalism is defined inside the different news organizations, but also between managers and journalists within each. Organizational structures and technological developments are as well factors that affect the way development journalism is diffused inside newsrooms.

  • 17.
    Allam, Rasha
    et al.
    The American University in Cairo, New Cairo, Egypt.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Diffusion of Development Journalism Inside Egyptian Newsrooms2023In: The International Journal of Press/Politics, ISSN 1940-1612, E-ISSN 1940-1620, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 278-299Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the boundaries and limitations of the diffusion of "development journalism" among both the editorial body and the journalist body in the Egyptian newsrooms after the 2011 Arab Spring. Newsrooms under study represent different perspectives including state-owned, private-independent, and opposition newspapers. Through in-depth interviews with thirty-seven editors in chief and journalists, the authors studied how the editors and journalists at each newspaper define development journalism, whether the diffusion of development journalism follows a top-down or bottom-up approach, and if development journalism could influence the setting of the news agenda. Results show that the differences are not only apparent in the way development journalism is defined inside the different news organizations, but also between managers and journalists within each. Organizational structures and technological developments are as well factors that affect the way development journalism is diffused inside newsrooms.

  • 18.
    Bengtsson, Bengt
    Högskolan i Gävle, Ämnesavdelningen för medier, kommunikation och film.
    Filmen i Gävleborgs län2006In: Medierade offentligheter och identitet / [ed] Hammar, Björn, Gävle: Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Högskolan i Gävle , 2006, p. 100-137Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Bennett, Samuel
    et al.
    Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland.
    ter Wal, Jessika
    Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Lipinski, Artur
    Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland.
    Fabiszak, Malgrzata
    Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland.
    Krzyzanowski, Michal
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The representation of third country nationals in european news discourse: journalistic perceptions and practices2013In: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 248-265Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on semi-structured interviews with journalists in six European countries, this article examines the extent to which the findings of recent literature about the representation of migrants in European media content are reflected in the perceptions of journalists themselves about the way in which migrants are represented in the media discourses produced by their outlets. It finds that the four key findings of the literature were by and large confirmed, namely inaccurate group labelling and designation, negative or victimised representation, underrepresentation of migrants in quotations, and the scarce reference to a wider European context. Finally, the article discusses media professionals’ self-reported awareness about general professional ethics versus diversity-specific ethics, and about the way in which their outlets cover news involving ‘‘new’’ immigrants, i.e. nationals of non-European Union countries residing in the European Union, and examines the differences between media practices and perceptions in ‘‘old’’ and ‘‘new’’ immigration countries.

    For a full explanation of the methodology of the research project, please see the introduction in this themed section: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17512786.2012.740213.

  • 20.
    Berglez, Peter
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Global journalism: theory and practice2013 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent instances of global crisis reporting on climate change and the financial crisis are early embryos of a new form of journalism that is increasingly needed in global times: global journalism. Instead of associating global journalism with national comparisons of media systems or defining it as an ethically «corrective» form of journalism, Peter Berglez sets out to develop the idea of global journalism as an epistemological updating of everyday mainstream news media. He theoretically understands and explains global journalism as a concrete practice, which can be applied in research, training, and reporting. He argues that the future of professional news journalism is about leaving behind the dominant national outlook for the sake of a more integrated(global) outlook on society. Emerging examples of global journalism are analyzed throughout the book alongside the historical background and the challenges it faces.

  • 21.
    Berglez, Peter
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ten news value criteria for sustainable journalism2023In: Journal of Applied Journalism and Media Studies, ISSN 2001-0818, E-ISSN 2049-9531Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that journalism scholars and practitioners worldwide should not view 2030, i.e. the year in which the UN Agenda sustainable development goals are to be fulfilled, as a symbolic date, but instead as a real deadline. Such a posture could spur discussion about what more the media could do in these remaining years to promote sustainable development, as well as concrete action. To normatively support such a process in this context, the purpose of this contribution is to suggest news value criteria tailored to manage the challenges of sustainable development. They presuppose a well-functioning relationship between the media’s business and planetary needs. The former concern how to finance journalism and attract audiences/users, while the latter concern what kind of journalism a sustainable world de facto requires. The proposed news value criteria could serve as a point of departure for the development of sustainability-oriented news, which could be jointly tested and configurated by scholars and practitioners.

  • 22.
    Berglez, Peter
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Time for the rise of global journalism2018In: Watchdog for the future: the journalist as pioneer of a new global narrative, Stockholm: Global Challenges Foundation , 2018, p. 53-57Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Berglez, Peter
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Hedenmo, Otto
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    The mediatedness of interorganizational collaboration: How collaboration materializes through affordances, chains, and switches2023In: Organization, ISSN 1350-5084, E-ISSN 1461-7323Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In research into interorganizational collaboration (IOC), the number of contributions highlighting the constitutive role of communication constantly seems to increase. However, surprisingly few contributions are devoted to communication studies that concentrate on the use of different media. An advanced “mediatedness” perspective is increasingly required, not least in terms of theory, focusing on how different media, as objects, tools and agents altogether constitute collaboration through complex combinations and asymmetric usage patterns. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to develop a theoretical framework for analyzing IOCs as media-driven processes and practices, which is highly relational. Of particular importance are the diachronic transformations of meaning-making when discursive content (sketchy notes, brainstorming, digital threads, presentation program slides, etc.) is transferred and materialized into stable ideas, proposals or solutions; moving from one media context to another; and its impact on the collaborations’ outcome.

  • 24.
    Berglez, Peter
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Hellmueller, Lea
    Journalism Department at City, University of London, London, UK.
    Nord, Lars
    Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Cross-border dynamic in comparative studies of media systems: Towards a new model2023Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In globalized and digitalized economies, how could we compare the role of media in politics in different countries? The growth of transnational social media platforms; the new borderless patterns of media distribution and consumption, and the consequential need for transnational and harmonized digital media policies have caused challenges for scholars in the field of comparative studies (Siebert & Schram 1956; Hallin & Mancini 2004). A problem is that traditional conceptualizations of media systems still dominate (cf. Humprecht et al. 2022; Marques & Vos 2023). Therefore, the purpose is to theorize emerging media systems constituted by combinations of domestic/cross-border institutionalized/de-institutionalized relations. Through a literature review and results from the EU-funded project Mediadelcom, we argue as follows:

    (1) The power of de-institutionalizing digital communication (Mancini 2020), and its challenging of legacy media organizations, requires that the polarized pluralist/corporatist/liberal classifications of Hallin & Mancini (2004) become more changeable and dynamically combined dimensions within and across nation-states, and updated with theory about global politics and communication (Hellmueller & Berglez 2022). For example, this enables understandings of the, often transnationally interconnected, expansion of polarized politics across countries’ digital public spheres.

    (2) Nation-states should be grouped along categories of domestic-cross-border conditions and relations (prel. the multipolar media system, global pluralist media system, and de-globalizing media system). Here, different types and levels of institutionalized/de-institutionalized movement across borders thus becomes an important unit of comparison. 

    (3) Thereby we propose a framework for comparative studies of cross-border dynamic (CBD) media systems; their role within political systems, and vice versa.

    References

    Hallin, D., Mancini, P. (2004) Comparing Media Systems: Three Models of Media and Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 

    Hellmueller, L., Berglez, P. (2022) “Future Conceptual Challenges of Cross-Border Journalism”, Journalism, 1-22. 

    Humprecht, E. et al. (2022) “Media Systems in the Digital Age: An Empirical Comparison of 30 Countries”, Journal of Communication 72: 145-164. 

    Mancini, P. (2020) “Comparing Media Systems and the Digital Age”, International Journal of Communication 14: 5761-5774.

  • 25.
    Berglez, Peter
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Foreign, domestic, and cultural factors in climate change reporting: Swedish media's coverage of wildfires in three continents2019In: Environmental Communication: A Journal of Nature and Culture, ISSN 1752-4032, E-ISSN 1752-4040, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 381-394Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines domestic media’s coverage of foreign wildfires from a climate change perspective. It explores Swedish newspapers’ coverage of wildfires in Australia, the Mediterranean region and the USA during a three-year period (February 2013–March 2016), focusing on how and to what extent climate change is viewed as an underlying cause. A central result is that climate change is mentioned far more often in the case of Australian wildfires than of fires in the other two regions. Another finding is that the climate change issue became more prominent after a severe domestic wildfire in 2014. These observations are also examined qualitatively through a combined frame and discourse study where the importance of foreign news values, the use of foreign sources, cultural proximity/distance, and domestication procedures are analyzed. In conclusion, foreign, domestic, and cultural factors in climate change reporting in relation to extreme events are further discussed.

  • 26.
    Bouvier, Gwen
    Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion, United Kingdom .
    Breaking News: the First Hours of the BBC Coverage of 9/11 as a Media Even2005In: Journal for Crime, Conflict and the Media, ISSN 1741-1580, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 19-43Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Breazu, Petre
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Representing the Roma in Romanian Media: A Multimodal Critical Discourse Analysis2020Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, I addressed the representation of the Roma in Romanian newspapers, television news, and social media. I focused on Romania, a country with the largest Roma population in Europe, and where the Roma have historically experienced centuries of discrimination and social exclusion. I conducted an in-depth Multimodal Critical Discourse Analysis (MCDA) to reveal what kind of discourses are used to represent this minority group, after Romania joined the European Union. The analysis in this thesis confirms the well-documented discourses in reference to Roma as criminal, uneducated, dirty, immoral, and as resisting assimilation into wider society. In addition, this research shows how these discourses have been incorporated into newer forms specific to the current political climate across Europe, increasingly dominated by right-wing populist politics, where minority groups, such as the Roma have become easy targets for politicians to justify their political failures and are scapegoated for lack of jobs, declining economic prosperity, instability, fears of immigration and of the loss of national autonomy and traditions. The detailed MCDA analysis allowed me to show how racism can be communicated in a variety of ways, not so much in relation to biological differences but in terms of culture, behaviour, traditions and national values. The multimodal approach was instrumental in showing how different media, with their different affordances have their specific way of avoiding overt racism while nevertheless the ideology remains. We see how the combination of different modes help to communicate the civil nature of violent actions, such as camp evictions, or the representation of poverty as a choice, rather than embedded in the social structures. Moreover we see on social media how ‘simple fun’, in the form of humour and ridicule, is loaded with extreme forms of racism that even call for ethnic cleansing.

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  • 28.
    Camauër, Leonor
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    ’Drumming, drumming, drumming’: diversity work in Swedish newsrooms2011In: Media in motion: cultural complexity and migration in the Nordic region / [ed] Elisabeth Eide, Kaarina Nikunen, Farnham: Ashgate, 2011, p. 37-51Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Camauër, Leonor
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Media menus of Arabic speakers: Stockholm2010In: Journalism - Theory, Practice & Criticism, ISSN 1464-8849, E-ISSN 1741-3001, Vol. 11, no 6, p. 751-754Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article examines preliminary results of a focus group study where Arabic speakers living in Stockholm discuss matters of citizenship and belonging in relation to their use of Arabic- and Swedish-language television. The study relies on theories on diasporic groups' media use. The paper concludes that belonging to the country of origin appears as more clearly and strongly felt than belonging to the pan-Arabic community, and that participants' sense of belonging does not relate in any direct way to their media choices.

  • 30.
    Cotal San Martin, Vladimir
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Dismissing Class: Media representations of workers’ conditions in the Global South2021In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 42, no s3, p. 35-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Neoliberal globalisation has expanded transnational corporations’ (TNCs) boundaries of operation and sphere of exploitation, particularly in the Global South where much of the production of traditional TNC manufacturing now occurs. In this article, using a longitudinal approach, I conduct a detailed critical discourse analysis of a large Swedish press corpus reporting on TNC activities in Global South countries. The analysis suggests that the issue of workers’ conditions is made relevant to the Swedish public through a “consumer framework” that not only confers proximity and relevance on the topic, but also effectively recontextualises agency and responsibility towards particular or individual social actors, obscuring the class dimension of labour relations and global production. Moreover, rooted in a highly problematic colonial imagery, exploitation in the Global South is seen as a “cultural problem” of “them” rather than a problem related to the social and spatial relations of global capitalism. 

  • 31.
    Cotal San Martin, Vladimir
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The Mediated Representation of Working Conditions in the Global South: Discourse, Ideology and Responsibility2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the mediated representation of workers’ working conditions in the Global South. Using a qualitative approach inspired by Critical Discourse Studies, it focuses on ideological representation in newspapers from Sweden, the USA, Chile and China/Hong Kong. The aims are to understand how working conditions are represented; identify key themes of news reporting; understand how newspapers convey ideological discourses about ‘foreign’ and ‘distant’ working conditions; and provide critical insights into how the topic is represented in newspapers in terms of its relevance (to a national readership) as well as agency and responsibility (i.e. who is responsible for working conditions?) and the possible ideological impact thereof on the reader and their knowledge/interpretation of this issue.

    The results suggest that the general structuring of Swedish media discourse on workers’ conditions runs thematically across various parts/sections of the production industry: garments, electronics, food, furniture and toys. In addition, further themes/frames are used in the coverage (working conditions in the workplace, salary, conditions of employment, housing, workforce composition and workers’ organizations), further particularising the explored focus of media representation.

    The study also suggests that mainstream news media represent working conditions in ways that exclude a range of key issues, actors and causalities. Constructed at the level of media discourse, such problematic representations largely conceal the structural, institutional and corporatist responsibility behind the global exploitation of workers and their largely unfavourable working conditions. Instead, responsibility for those working conditions is effectively and strategically shifted away from the wider global system of capitalist-driven exploitation into individual social actors, in both the Western world (in the form of particular transnational corporations and in the form of readers/ users as consumers) and the Global South (in the form of local factory owners, governments, officials etc.).

    Speaking from a critical perspective and offering a number of empirically-funded insights, the study suggests that newspapers construct the key topic as relevant through a number of thematic and argumentative frames. Of these, the ‘consumer framework’ – which effectively serves to shift responsibility away from wider structural socioeconomic causes to an individual level – remains central. The thesis also shows that the representation of working conditions in the Global South is strongly embedded within a highly problematic colonial (or post-colonial) imagery. Therein, the exploitation in the Global South is seen as a localised ‘cultural problem’ of ‘them’ rather than a systematic problem related to global capitalism and its transnational system of social and economic inequality.

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  • 32.
    Cronqvist, Marie
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Jarlbrink, Johan
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Lundell, Patrik
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Inledning2014In: Mediehistoriska vändningar / [ed] Cronqvist, M.; Jarlbrink, J.; Lundell, P., Lund: Mediehistoria, Lunds universitet , 2014, p. 5-18Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Cronqvist, Marie
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Jarlbrink, JohanUmeå University, Umeå, Sweden.Lundell, PatrikLund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Mediehistoriska vändningar2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Cronqvist, Marie
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Lundell, PatrikLund University, Lund, Sweden.Snickars, PelleUmeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Återkopplingar2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Ekman, Mattias
    Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sanitising Fascism: Online Video Activism of the Swedish Far Right2013In: IAMCR 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The extreme rights early adaptation of digital communication technology has gained plenty of scholarly attention. However, most of the research have been focused on the political discourses, the specific rhetorics(such as hate-speech), community building, and the networking of extreme right organisations in relation to online communication and new media. In recent years a emerging body of work on the specific communicative forms used in facilitating and enabling both collective and connective action repertoires have contributed to greater understanding of how social media and digital communication relates to social mobilisation in general.

     

    Swedish extreme right-wing groups have a long history of alternative media production and today video making and online distribution and circulation of visual clips have become a key strategy in their political communication. Organisations operating within a well developed online infrastructure (including communities, news media outlets and blogs) are also well established actors on commercial platforms such as YouTube and Twitter. This paper explores the video activism deployed by extreme far-right groups in Sweden. It analyses the ideological and aesthetical aspects of extreme visual politics, and the distribution strategies facilitated by YouTube (the circulation of online clips by embedding, linking, etc) The study is based on an analysis of more than 200 clips produced and disseminated by four different organizations pertaining to the Swedish extreme right-wing milieu. It explores the ideological and aesthetic elements of the clips, focusing on the intersection between political messages and visual propaganda. Furthermore it also examines how the circulation of clips come to fore in online platforms deployed by far right groups. 

     

    The study shows that film clip have, at least, three major functions for the extreme right groups. First, by taking part in a mainstream commercial online platform, they confirm the existence of extreme right-wing groups to a potentially greater audience. Second, the content of the clips contributes to a normalization of the socio-political dimensions of extreme right-wing groups. By focusing on practices, discourses and aesthetics that does not necessarily connects to extreme politics, they contribute to a sanitation of neo-fascist politics and practices. Third, YouTube constitutes a political arena in itself, and video production are adjusted and shaped to the specific media logic and communication structures of YouTube. Therefore video activism on YouTube could also be understood as a political practice in its own.

  • 36.
    Ekman, Mattias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Social media racism: affective circulation and cultures of fear. A reply to Søren Mosgaard Andreasen2020In: Global Discourse: A Developmental Journal of Research in Politics and International Relations, ISSN 2326-9995, E-ISSN 2043-7897, Vol. 10, no 2-3, p. 367-369Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Ekman, Mattias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Statens medieråd, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Våldsbejakande och antidemokratiska högerextrema budskap på internet2013In: Våldsbejakande och antidemokratiska budskap på internet, Stockholm: Statens medieråd , 2013, , p. 75p. 47-118Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Ekström, Mats
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Östman, Johan
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Family talk, peer talk, and young people’s civic orientation2013In: European Journal of Communication, ISSN 0267-3231, E-ISSN 1460-3705, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 294-308Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on interpersonal communication in the family and among peers in order to empirically examine the general idea that everyday civic talk might develop young people’s civic orientation. Two questions are addressed: (1) What is the significance of civic talk in relation to key dimensions of young people’s civic orientation? (2) What does civic talk in peer settings specifically contribute to young people’s civic orientation? The study is based on survey data from high school students and their parents (N = 1148). The findings offer clear support to the idea that civic talk in everyday contexts matters for young people’s development of political knowledge, democratic values and different forms of civic practices. Civic talk in peer settings contributes uniquely to all dimensions of youths’ civic orientation. Implications of the findings for political socialization research and theories of the democratic mechanisms of civic talk are discussed.

  • 39.
    Ekström, Mats
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Östman, Johan
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Information, interaction and creative production: The effects of three forms of Internet use on youth democratic engagement2015In: Communication Research, ISSN 0093-6502, E-ISSN 1552-3810, Vol. 42, no 6, p. 796-818Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the effects of informational, interactional and creative forms of Internet use on behavioral and cognitive indicators of youth democratic engagement. Data from an extensive two-wave panel survey of Swedish adolescents (N = 1,520) were examined. Results show that the effects of informational and interactional Internet use on political participation are indirect, with online political interactions acting as an intervening variable. In addition, creative production was found to be a direct positive predictor of online and offline political participation, but negatively related to political knowledge. The effects were statistically significant even when accounting for self-selection and previous levels of democratic engagement. Taken together, these findings contribute novel theoretical insights into the mechanisms by which Internet use may encourage or hinder youths’ democratic engagement.

  • 40.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    AI and fake news: The case of Al Jazeera2021Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 41.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Al Jazeera and the Politics of Scandals2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Arap Blog Dunyasinda ABD'nin imaji: Alarabiya.net'ten Degerlendirmeler2013In: Yeni Medya Uzerine / [ed] Kavramlar, Yeklasimlar ve Uygulamalar, Antalya: Ege Yayinlari, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 43.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Controling fake news in Arab newsrooms2022Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 44.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Convergence and divergence of ICTs in Egyptian newsrooms: A longitudinal approach2021In: Journal of African Media Studies, ISSN 2040-199X, E-ISSN 1751-7974, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 53-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The convergence of information communication technologies (ICTs) in news-making processes has changed the nature of news production in post-Arab Spring Egypt. Several newsrooms have integrated ICTs into their daily routines to develop their content and reconnect with their audiences. Although on the surface this seems a positive development, it appears that today, just a few years after integrating ICTs, Egyptian newsrooms are lagging behind. This study examines the utilization of ICTs - especially social media - in three Egyptian newsrooms. Three waves of questionnaires in 2012, 2014/2015 and 2018 which constitute a longitudinal survey of ICT convergence across the three newsrooms. The questionnaires' repetition of cross-sectional questions allowed the author to measure changes in newsrooms' adoption of ICTs over this seven-year span. In short, this study measures how newsroom culture has changed in relation to ICTs, how newsroom management views ICTs and the growing role of social media in newsroom operations.

  • 45.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Convergence and Divergence of ICTs inside Egyptian Newsrooms: A Longitudinal approach2020Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Department of Culture and Media Studies, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Convergence inside three Egyptian newsrooms2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 47.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Diffusion and use of ICTs in Egyptian Newsrooms: A Longitudinal Approach2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Diffusion and Use of ICTs in Egyptian Newsrooms: A Longitudinal Approach2013In: # ISOJ Journal, ISSN 2328-0700, E-ISSN 2328-0662, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 290-318Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although Internet technology arrived in Egyptian newsrooms in 1993, it was not until 1996 that the first Egyptian newspaper Al Gomhuria hit the Internet. By 2000, all major Egyptian newspapers had electronic versions on the web claiming to integrate ICT resources in the news production process. In spite of the fact that this trend implies development, whether ICTs have been realised and used in Egyptian newsrooms’ daily routines still needs further examination. This study aims to explore the use and implementation of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs), especially Internet technologies (netCTs), in Egyptian newsrooms. Furthermore, the study examines whether/to what extent and in what way(s) Egyptian newsrooms incorporate ICTs in their daily routine. This discussion is important to see the role of newsrooms, before January 25 revolution, in facilitating political discussions with their audience.

  • 49.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Egypt2013In: Freedom on the net 2013: a global assessment of internet and digital media / [ed] Sanja Kelly, Mai Truong, Madeline Earp, Laura Reed, Adrian Shahbaz, Ashley Greco-Stoner, New York: Freedom House, 2013, p. 242-257Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 50.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Fake News in the Arab World2021Conference paper (Refereed)
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