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  • 1. Ahlquist, Martin
    et al.
    Borglund, Tommy
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Medierna och etiken: ansvar i ett nytt medielandskap2017Book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Bengtsson, Bengt
    Högskolan i Gävle, Ämnesavdelningen för medier, kommunikation och film.
    Filmen i Gävleborgs län2006In: Medierade offentligheter och identitet / [ed] Hammar, Björn, Gävle: Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Högskolan i Gävle , 2006, 100-137 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Bennett, Samuel
    et al.
    Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland.
    ter Wal, Jessika
    Utrecht University, the Netherlands.
    Lipinski, Artur
    Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland.
    Fabiszak, Malgrzata
    Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland.
    Krzyzanowski, Michal
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The representation of third country nationals in european news discourse: journalistic perceptions and practices2013In: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 7, no 3, 248-265 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on semi-structured interviews with journalists in six European countries, this article examines the extent to which the findings of recent literature about the representation of migrants in European media content are reflected in the perceptions of journalists themselves about the way in which migrants are represented in the media discourses produced by their outlets. It finds that the four key findings of the literature were by and large confirmed, namely inaccurate group labelling and designation, negative or victimised representation, underrepresentation of migrants in quotations, and the scarce reference to a wider European context. Finally, the article discusses media professionals’ self-reported awareness about general professional ethics versus diversity-specific ethics, and about the way in which their outlets cover news involving ‘‘new’’ immigrants, i.e. nationals of non-European Union countries residing in the European Union, and examines the differences between media practices and perceptions in ‘‘old’’ and ‘‘new’’ immigration countries.

    For a full explanation of the methodology of the research project, please see the introduction in this themed section: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17512786.2012.740213.

  • 4.
    Berglez, Peter
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Global journalism: theory and practice2013 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent instances of global crisis reporting on climate change and the financial crisis are early embryos of a new form of journalism that is increasingly needed in global times: global journalism. Instead of associating global journalism with national comparisons of media systems or defining it as an ethically «corrective» form of journalism, Peter Berglez sets out to develop the idea of global journalism as an epistemological updating of everyday mainstream news media. He theoretically understands and explains global journalism as a concrete practice, which can be applied in research, training, and reporting. He argues that the future of professional news journalism is about leaving behind the dominant national outlook for the sake of a more integrated(global) outlook on society. Emerging examples of global journalism are analyzed throughout the book alongside the historical background and the challenges it faces.

  • 5.
    Berglez, Peter
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Foreign, domestic, and cultural factors in climate change reporting: Swedish media's coverage of wildfires in three continents2017In: Environmental Communication: A Journal of Nature and Culture, ISSN 1752-4032, E-ISSN 1752-4040Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines domestic media’s coverage of foreign wildfires from a climate change perspective. It explores Swedish newspapers’ coverage of wildfires in Australia, the Mediterranean region and the USA during a three-year period (February 2013–March 2016), focusing on how and to what extent climate change is viewed as an underlying cause. A central result is that climate change is mentioned far more often in the case of Australian wildfires than of fires in the other two regions. Another finding is that the climate change issue became more prominent after a severe domestic wildfire in 2014. These observations are also examined qualitatively through a combined frame and discourse study where the importance of foreign news values, the use of foreign sources, cultural proximity/distance, and domestication procedures are analyzed. In conclusion, foreign, domestic, and cultural factors in climate change reporting in relation to extreme events are further discussed.

  • 6.
    Bouvier, Gwen
    Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion, United Kingdom .
    Breaking News: the First Hours of the BBC Coverage of 9/11 as a Media Even2005In: Journal for Crime, Conflict and the Media, Vol. 1, no 4, 19-43 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Camauër, Leonor
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    ’Drumming, drumming, drumming’: diversity work in Swedish newsrooms2011In: Media in motion: cultural complexity and migration in the Nordic region / [ed] Elisabeth Eide, Kaarina Nikunen, Farnham: Ashgate, 2011, 37-51 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Camauër, Leonor
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Media menus of Arabic speakers: Stockholm2010In: Journalism - Theory, Practice & Criticism, ISSN 1464-8849, E-ISSN 1741-3001, Vol. 11, no 6, 751-754 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article examines preliminary results of a focus group study where Arabic speakers living in Stockholm discuss matters of citizenship and belonging in relation to their use of Arabic- and Swedish-language television. The study relies on theories on diasporic groups' media use. The paper concludes that belonging to the country of origin appears as more clearly and strongly felt than belonging to the pan-Arabic community, and that participants' sense of belonging does not relate in any direct way to their media choices.

  • 9.
    Ekman, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sanitising Fascism: Online Video Activism of the Swedish Far Right2013In: IAMCR 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The extreme rights early adaptation of digital communication technology has gained plenty of scholarly attention. However, most of the research have been focused on the political discourses, the specific rhetorics(such as hate-speech), community building, and the networking of extreme right organisations in relation to online communication and new media. In recent years a emerging body of work on the specific communicative forms used in facilitating and enabling both collective and connective action repertoires have contributed to greater understanding of how social media and digital communication relates to social mobilisation in general.

     

    Swedish extreme right-wing groups have a long history of alternative media production and today video making and online distribution and circulation of visual clips have become a key strategy in their political communication. Organisations operating within a well developed online infrastructure (including communities, news media outlets and blogs) are also well established actors on commercial platforms such as YouTube and Twitter. This paper explores the video activism deployed by extreme far-right groups in Sweden. It analyses the ideological and aesthetical aspects of extreme visual politics, and the distribution strategies facilitated by YouTube (the circulation of online clips by embedding, linking, etc) The study is based on an analysis of more than 200 clips produced and disseminated by four different organizations pertaining to the Swedish extreme right-wing milieu. It explores the ideological and aesthetic elements of the clips, focusing on the intersection between political messages and visual propaganda. Furthermore it also examines how the circulation of clips come to fore in online platforms deployed by far right groups. 

     

    The study shows that film clip have, at least, three major functions for the extreme right groups. First, by taking part in a mainstream commercial online platform, they confirm the existence of extreme right-wing groups to a potentially greater audience. Second, the content of the clips contributes to a normalization of the socio-political dimensions of extreme right-wing groups. By focusing on practices, discourses and aesthetics that does not necessarily connects to extreme politics, they contribute to a sanitation of neo-fascist politics and practices. Third, YouTube constitutes a political arena in itself, and video production are adjusted and shaped to the specific media logic and communication structures of YouTube. Therefore video activism on YouTube could also be understood as a political practice in its own.

  • 10.
    Ekman, Mattias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Statens medieråd.
    Våldsbejakande och antidemokratiska högerextrema budskap på internet2013In: Våldsbejakande och antidemokratiska budskap på internet, Stockholm: Statens medieråd , 2013, , 75 p.47-118 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Ekström, Mats
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Östman, Johan
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Family talk, peer talk, and young people’s civic orientation2013In: European Journal of Communication, ISSN 0267-3231, E-ISSN 1460-3705, Vol. 28, no 3, 294-308 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on interpersonal communication in the family and among peers in order to empirically examine the general idea that everyday civic talk might develop young people’s civic orientation. Two questions are addressed: (1) What is the significance of civic talk in relation to key dimensions of young people’s civic orientation? (2) What does civic talk in peer settings specifically contribute to young people’s civic orientation? The study is based on survey data from high school students and their parents (N = 1148). The findings offer clear support to the idea that civic talk in everyday contexts matters for young people’s development of political knowledge, democratic values and different forms of civic practices. Civic talk in peer settings contributes uniquely to all dimensions of youths’ civic orientation. Implications of the findings for political socialization research and theories of the democratic mechanisms of civic talk are discussed.

  • 12.
    Ekström, Mats
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Östman, Johan
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Information, interaction and creative production: The effects of three forms of Internet use on youth democratic engagement2015In: Communication Research, ISSN 0093-6502, E-ISSN 1552-3810, Vol. 42, no 6, 796-818 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the effects of informational, interactional and creative forms of Internet use on behavioral and cognitive indicators of youth democratic engagement. Data from an extensive two-wave panel survey of Swedish adolescents (N = 1,520) were examined. Results show that the effects of informational and interactional Internet use on political participation are indirect, with online political interactions acting as an intervening variable. In addition, creative production was found to be a direct positive predictor of online and offline political participation, but negatively related to political knowledge. The effects were statistically significant even when accounting for self-selection and previous levels of democratic engagement. Taken together, these findings contribute novel theoretical insights into the mechanisms by which Internet use may encourage or hinder youths’ democratic engagement.

  • 13.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Arap Blog Dunyasinda ABD'nin imaji: Alarabiya.net'ten Degerlendirmeler2013In: Yeni Medya Uzerine / [ed] Kavramlar, Yeklasimlar ve Uygulamalar, Antalya: Ege Yayinlari, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 14.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Department of Culture and Media Studies, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Convergence inside three Egyptian newsrooms2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 15.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Diffusion and use of ICTs in Egyptian Newsrooms: A Longitudinal Approach2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Egypt2013In: Freedom on the net 2013: a global assessment of internet and digital media / [ed] Sanja Kelly, Mai Truong, Madeline Earp, Laura Reed, Adrian Shahbaz, Ashley Greco-Stoner, New York: Freedom House, 2013, 242-257 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Five Years into the Egyptian Revolution: Is it still a Twitter Revolution?2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Department of Culture and Media Studies, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Interactivity in Egyptian Newspapers2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The utilisation of ICTs in Egyptian media has irrevocably changed the nature of the traditional news consumption. One can see the Egyptian online society as a multiplicity of networks. These networks have developed, transformed and expanded over time, operating across all areas of life. Nonetheless, in essence they are socio-political and cultural in origin. This trend changed the way audiences consumed news, with traditional media -especially independent and opposition- started to utilize ICTs to access online information to develop their media content to escape government control. Several media organisations also started to expand their presence online so that, as well as providing news content, they also provided them with a ‘space’ to interact amongst themselves and with media organisations. Audiences started to provide detailed descriptions of Egyptian street politics, posting multimedia material, generating public interest, and reinforcing citizen power hence democratic capacity.

  • 19.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Interactivity in Egyptian newspapers2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The utilisation of information and communications technologies (ICTs) in Egypt has irrevocably changed the nature of the traditional Egyptian public sphere. One can see the Egyptian online society as a multiplicity of networks. These networks have developed, transformed and expanded over time, operating across all areas of life. Nonetheless, in essence they are sociopolitical and cultural in origin. This trend changed the way audiences consumed news, with traditional media –especially independent and opposition – started to utilise ICTs to access online information to develop their media content to escape government control. Several media organisations also started to expand their presence online so that, as well as providing news content, they also provided them with a space to interact amongst themselves and with media organisations. Audiences started to provide detailed descriptions of Egyptian street politics, posting multimedia material, generating public interest and reinforcing citizen power hence democratic capacity.

  • 20.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Department of Culture and Media Studies, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Interactivity in Egyptian newspapers2015In: Social Semiotics, ISSN 1035-0330, E-ISSN 1470-1219, Vol. 25, no 1, 33-56 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The utilisation of information and communications technologies (ICTs) in Egypt has irrevocably changed the nature of the traditional Egyptian public sphere. One can see the Egyptian online society as a multiplicity of networks. These networks have developed, transformed and expanded over time, operating across all areas of life. Nonetheless, in essence they are sociopolitical and cultural in origin. This trend changed the way audiences consumed news, with traditional media – especially independent and opposition – started to utilise ICTs to access online information to develop their media content to escape government control. Several media organisations also started to expand their presence online so that, as well as providing news content, they also provided them with a “space” to interact amongst themselves and with media organisations. Audiences started to provide detailed descriptions of Egyptian street politics, posting multimedia material, generating public interest and reinforcing citizen power hence democratic capacity.

  • 21.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Journalism in a Network: the Role of ICTs in Egyptian Newsrooms2013Book (Refereed)
  • 22.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Journalism in Bid Data era2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 23.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Journalism in the Egyptian Network Society2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Network Journalism and the Democratization of the Egyptian Society2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    New media,  new audience, new topics, and new forms of censorship in the Middle East2008In: New media and the new Middle East / [ed] Philip Seib, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, 213-234 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 26.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Online journalism, citizen participation and engagement2012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Online journalism, citizen participation and engagement in Egypt2014In: Online journalism in Africa: trends, practices and emerging cultures / [ed] Hayes Mabweazara, Okoth Fred Mudhai, Jason Whittaker, New York: Routledge, 2014, 141-155 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Social Media and its effect on Egyptian Media Institutions: the case of Al Ahram2016In: Shaping the Future of News Media: The International Conference on Integrated Journalism Education, Research and Innovation / [ed] Irene De Rocha, Ariadna Fernandez-Planells, Carles Singla, Barcelona: Universitat Pompeu Fabra , 2016, 202-227 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 2005, the utilization of social media has irrevocably changed the nature of the traditional news consumption in Egyptian media landscape. One can see the Egyptian online society as a multiplicity of networks. Audiences started to provide detailed descriptions of Egyptian street politics, posting multimedia material, generating public interest, and reinforcing citizen power. This trend changed the way audiences consumed news, with traditional media, (especially independent and opposition news organizations) started to access online information to develop their media content and to escape government control. Several media organisations started to expand their presence to social networks to provide better news content, ultimately changing news organizations attitude towards diffusion of social media and social media presence in newsrooms.

    In Egypt’s news organization development initiative, the convergence of social media into mainstream media perhaps perform the most critical function, playing the role of a mediator in information transactions within the society. Traditional media, especially independent media, started to utilize social media as an alternative source for information and a platform to bridge between events on the streets and the Internet. This convergence has developed the role of the journalism in Egypt, altering it from simply reporting about the political process to instead being an active participant in shaping, influencing the political process. As journalists cannot work in ‘splinted isolation’ anymore, particularly with the abundance of information and the facts that, first, the public are perfectly capable to access news and information for themselves, and second, the institutional players (profit, governmental, non-profit, activist) are increasingly geared towards addressing their constituencies directly instead of using the news media as a go-between.

    The aim of this study is to examine how different news organisations (government, opposition, non-partisan independent) are utilizing social media to establish a sustainable infrastructure news flow. The study is based on newsroom analysis and interviews in four Egyptian newsrooms Al Ahram, Al Masry Al Youm, Al Shorouk, and Al Tahrir to see how different newsrooms approaches towards building a sustainable structure for distributing news and based on social networks and changes in news operation infrastructure to maintain such approach.

  • 29.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Social Media and the Transformation of post-revolution Egyptian newspapers Public Space2014In: Social Media and the Transformation of Public Space, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The opening months of 2011, the world witnessed a series of turmoil events in Egypt that soon lead to uprisings toppling President Mubarak regime. The Egyptian revolution was, by far, the most media exposed event in the Middle East for journalists/activists using different forms of media –especially social media-­ to voice Egyptian opposition to the world. Even with the Egyptian government shutting Internet lines, imprisoning activists, blocking media websites, confiscating newspapers, cutting off mobile communications, and scrambling satellite signals to limit coverage of the events, Egyptian journalists circumvented government pressure to voice their cause online that lead many label the Egyptian uprising as the ‘Facebook’ or the ‘Twitter’ revolution. 

    Since 2011, the utilisation of social media has irrevocably changed the nature of the traditional public sphere. One can see the Egyptian online society as a multiplicity of networks. Audiences started to provide detailed descriptions of Egyptian street politics, posting multimedia material, generating public interest, and reinforcing citizen power and democracy. This trend changed the way audiences consumed news, with traditional media, (especially independent and opposition) started to access online information to develop their media content and to escape government control.  

    Indeed, after the first phase of the revolution, social media became a main source for information and political participation. New actors started to invest in creating news portals to attract communities and to enable these communities to interact with each other’s ideas on the one hand and with the ideas of the news portals on the other.

    Similarly, several media organisations started to expand their presence to social networks so that, as well as providing news content, they also provided a ‘space’ for interactivity. Social media news sites became the playground for political parties, activists, and groups from various ideologies creating ‘online spaces of flows’ to cater for the emerging needs of the readers. In transitional societies moving towards democracy, such as Egypt, political development is a central topic which journalists mediate with their audience. Indeed, journalists inform the audience and facilitate informed choices as ‘gatewatchers’, not as watchdog ‘gatekeepers’, in the power struggle between audience, media, and politics.  

    The aim of this paper is to study how different news organisations (government, opposition, non-­‐partisan) are utilizing social media to establish a sustainable infrastructure for free and public democratic deliberations in the post Egypt revolution. Building on Network journalism theories and empirical material collected, this article aims at utilizing Critical Discourse Analysis and netnography at answerign the following research questions: (1) the use of social media by Egyptian newsorganizations in interacting with audience (2) nature of online discussions in news organizations social media outlets.

  • 30.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Department of Culture and Media Studies, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Social Media Economy and its effect on Egyptian Media Institutions: The Case of Al Ahram2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 31.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Social Media Education2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Terrorism from the Other: Immigrant and minority representation in Swedish Media2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 33.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The road to Tahrir square: the development of online journalism in Egypt2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 34.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The Use of Information and Communication Technologies in Three Egyptian Newsrooms2014In: Digital technologies and the evolving African newsroom: towards an African digital journalism epistemology / [ed] Hayes Mawindi Mabweazara, London: Routledge, 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 35.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The use of information andcommunication technologies in three Egyptian newsrooms2014In: Digital Journalism, ISSN 2167-0811, E-ISSN 2167-082X, Vol. 2, no 1, 77-97 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Department of Culture and Media Studies, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Twitter Politics in Swedish Politics: A methodological approach2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Use of Big Data in Post Arab Spring2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 38.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Use of Facebook Rumorsto Influence Audience Political Attitude: A Comparative Study on Egyptian Responseto Political Pages Between 2011 And 20132014In: The International Conference on Media and Rumor: Societal risks and ways of confrontation, Abha: King Khaled University Press , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Using ICTs in Egyptian Newsrooms and the Egyptian Revolution2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ägypten2009In: Internationales Handbuch Medien [International Media Handbook] / [ed] Hans Bredow Institute, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 2009, 28, 731-751 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Eriksson, Göran
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ridicule as a strategy for the recontextualization of the working class: a multimodal analysis of class-making on swedish reality television2015In: Critical Discourse Studies, ISSN 1740-5904, E-ISSN 1740-5912, Vol. 12, no 1, 20-38 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the role of reality television in the ongoing transformation of Swedish workingclass discourse. This transformation is linked to a neoliberal political project and concerns a shifting relationship between discourses of exclusion and inclusion. The key argument is that working-class people are now portrayed through ‘a moral underclass discourse’ in which the working class is devalued and delegitimized, and given moral blame for their own structural situation. This discussion is based on a multimodal critical discourse analysis of participants who appear to be ‘ordinary’ working-class people in Ullared, a docu-soap that follows the goings-on at, and in the vicinity of a popular, rural low-cost outlet (called Gekås). Hence it puts participants’ consumption and consumer behaviour in the foreground, and these activities are ridiculed through a mode of production best described as the ‘middle-class gaze’. Ordinary participants are presented as flawed or pathological consumers and become signifiers of a morally flawed lifestyle.

  • 42.
    Eriksson, Göran
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The Laughable Excessiveness of the ’Ordinary’: A Multimodal Analysis of Class-Making on Swedish Reality Television2014In: International Communication Association’s (ICA) 64th annual conference, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Eriksson, Göran
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Kroon, Åsa
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Is backstage the new frontstage in journalism?2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how web TV productions and journalists’ use of social media change how journalistic formats are being ”done” in terms of both form and content. Illustrating our argument with examples from recent studies of web TV productions, journalistic digital guidelines, and industry interviews, we suggest that “backstage informality” is both a prominent audience orientation in online productions, as well as an overarching characteristic of web TV journalism. Web TV productions expose backstage settings and practices, and journalists construct sociable relations with audiences by performing as if being mates with audiences in talk and interaction. This creates an image of audiences’ accessing the real, unmediated personas of journalists, as well as the real conditions of journalistic productions. We see this orientation to backstage informality as part of the current development of trying to understand audiences’ preferences and expectations in online media contexts.

  • 44.
    Eriksson, Göran
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Östman, Johan
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Receptionsanalys2010In: Metoder i kommunikationsvetenskap / [ed] Mats Ekström, Larsåke Larsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2010, 2, 305-330 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Ezz El Din, Mahitab
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Beyond Orientalism and Occidentalism: Identity constructions in Arab and Western news media2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how the media construct the identities of the Other by creating various ‘us’ versus ‘them’ positions (Othering) when covering non-violence-based intercultural conflicts in Arab and Western news media. Othering in this study is understood as an umbrella concept that in general terms refers to the discursive process of constructing and positioning the Self and the Other into separate identities of an ‘us’ and a ‘them.’

    This process is analysed using a mixed method approach. A content analysis is used to map the data, and then a closer examination of the discourse is conducted using a qualitative approach inspired by critical discourse analysis. Two empirical studies are conducted based on this analysis: 1) the case of the Swedish newspaper Nerikes Allehanda’s publication of caricatures of the Prophet Mohamed in 2007 and 2) the media coverage of the headscarf ban in French state schools in 2004. This study also employs Galtung’s Peace Journalism model as a frame of reference in the conclusions to discuss how this model could contribute, if applied in journalistic texts, to more balanced constructions of intercultural conflicts.

    The results show that Othering is a central discursive practice that is commonly adopted in both Arab and Western media coverage of non-violent intercultural conflicts, but it appears in different forms. Many of the previous studies have devoted considerable attention to rather conventional dichotomous constructions of Eastern and Western Others. The present study, in contrast, brings to the fore more non-conventional constructions and, while recognizing the occurrence of the conventional constructions, goes beyond these binary oppositions of ‘us’ and ‘them’. Variations in the types of identity constructions found in my study can be attributed to the mode of the article, the actors/voices included, the media affiliations and the topic and its overall contextualization.

    The different types of identity constructions in the media coverage may bring about a less black and white understanding of an event and help bring forth a more nuanced picture of what is going on and who is doing what in a conflict situation. Their occurrence in the media can possibly be linked to a new vision of a global society that does not necessarily constitute homogenous groups with the same characteristics, but rather is more consistent with a hybrid identity.

    This research is timely, as with the recent arrival of large groups of migrants from the Middle East, the ‘fear of Islam,’ and the right wing propaganda regarding Muslims as a threat is increasing. Islamophobia can be seen as a new form of racism used by elites to serve particular agendas. If media practitioners applied a more critical awareness in their writings so as not to reproduce culturally rooted stereotypes, which can inflame conflicts between people and nations, we might see less hostility against migrants and achieve a less racist world.

  • 46.
    Felsing, Alexander
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Våld i film: En evolutionärbiologisk förklaring till vår fascination2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines why violence in films is so widespread and popular. I use an evolutionary biological perspective, that has not previously been used in film research as much. Instead, the film research and other studies on human behavior usually originate from a social constructionist perspective. The essay is a "research review", which means that I have not made a classic analysis of a cinematic work or empirical data, but have collected a large amount of research from other scientists. To be able to answer my question, I had to do research in human evolution, audio visual perception and violence in film. The most important book for the essay came to be Torben Grodals Embodied Visions. The main question in my research question was: What factors are in accordance with previous research behind the popularity of graphic violence? Answer: 1. Film is designed to affect us, activating emotions. 2. what affects us the most is images that reminds us of deeply rooted mechanisms inside us. 3. of evolutionary reasons, violence and aggression are among these deep-rooted mechanisms.

  • 47.
    Forchtner, Bernhard
    et al.
    Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    Krzyzanowski, Michal
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Wodak, Ruth
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Mediatization, right-wing populism and political campaigning: the case of the Austrian Freedom Party2013In: Media talk and political elections in Europe and America / [ed] Mats Ekström, Andrew Tolson, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, 1, 205-228 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Gupta, Puneet Kumar
    et al.
    Independent Accessible Media Professional, Meerut, India.
    Mathew Martin, Poothullil John
    Department of Outreach & Extension Services, Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai, India.
    Comprehension of basic mathematics among children with hearing impairment using multimedia in accesible and non-accesible format a comparative study2013In: 2013 IEEE 63rd Annual Conference International Council for Educational Media (ICEM), IEEE conference proceedings, 2013, 1-11 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Teaching mathematics has been a complex issue for educators as well as learners. Same is the condition for the hearing impaired learners. Multimedia can be a big facilitator in order to render simpler and effective learning methods in the field of teaching mathematics to the hearing impaired students. The guidelines of United Nations Convention of Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD, 2007), makes provision for creation of information in accessible format.

    However there are no research studies to establish that teaching mathematics through the accessible format of multimedia would increase comprehension levels in children with hearing impairment. According to Mary Ellen Foster (2003) in her study on visual comprehension found that ‘Intuitively, one way of determining the usefulness of any presentation of data is by measuring the ease with which tasks involving that data can be performed using that presentation’.

    It may be noted that children with hearing impairment use visual techniques in their thought process, therefore accessible format of multimedia will enhance their comprehension levels. Accessible format includes techniques such as captioning, sign language and audio Description.

    This can be very helpful in processing information by hearing impaired children. The study investigated the effects of multimedia in accessible format, through the use of captioning and Indian sign language (ISL), on hearing impaired children. Hearing impaired viewers watched twice, the short multimedia with and without accessibility formats respectively. Their reactions were recorded on a questionnaire developed for the purpose of the study.

    Forty nine students participated in this study from two deaf schools of Mumbai,India. Analysis of the data showed that there was difference in the effects of accessible and non accessible formats of on the Hearing Impaired viewers.

    The study also showed that accessible formats increase the comprehension of the subject of the multimedia and use of ISL and captioning helped hearing impaired students to understand concepts better. The hearing impaired persons correlated watching the ISL interpreter with understanding the concept of the topic of multimedia. Placement of the ISL interpreter in the screen was also covered under the study.

  • 49.
    Hallberg, Anders
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    'Occupy' – värre än SARS?: Kritisk diskursanalys av rapporteringen om Hongkongs nya Occupy-rörelse i regionens engelskspråkiga press2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis uses critical discourse analysis to examine how the English-speaking press in Hong Kong constructs the conflict between the political movement Occupy Central and the Chinese central government. The empirical material consists of ten articles from the region’s two largest English-speaking newspapers, Hong Kong’s oldest newspaper, the South China Morning Post, and China’s only national English-speaking newspaper, the China Daily. Building on the works of Teun van Dijk, Norman Fairclough, Ruth Wodak and John E. Richardson it examines what political ideologies that are favoured by the press and what attitude the press shows for democratic development. The study reveals which different political ideologies and attitudes were communicated in the two newspapers. In this conflict the China Daily has been favouring the dominating political ideology and the South China Morning Post has been favouring the pan-democratic political ideologies. The results show that the South China Morning Post also was favouring the pan-democratic political ideologies in articles that were critical of the Occupy Central movement. All of the examined material from the China Daily has been unilaterally critical of the Occupy Central movement and has favoured the hegemonic communist ideology.

  • 50.
    Johansson, Oscar
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Fagergren, Nils
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Spelet om spelarna: En kvantitativ undersökning om kulturindustrins likriktning av spelinnehåll och konsumtionen av spel över tid2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kvantitativa studie syftar till att undersöka om bästsäljande spel tenderar att bli alltmer likriktade i fråga om genre, åldersmärkning, innehållsbeskrivningar och försäljning. Vi för en teoretisk diskussion kring studiens resultat som kopplas ihop med Adorno och Horkheimers teorier om kulturindustrin och passiviseringen av individen. De teoretiska utgångspunkterna är kritisk politisk ekonomi och Adorno och Horkheimers teorier om kulturindustrin, enformighet och passivisering. Data inhämtas från listor över bästsäljande spel i USA och Europa mellan åren 2006 och 2013. Vi har kvantitativt analyserat listorna utifrån variabler såsom åldersmärkning, innehållsbeskrivningar, genre och försäljning. Resultatet visar att det har skett en likriktning av spelinnehåll och konsumtionen av spel: förr konsumerade människor fler spel från många olika genrer än idag. Det är främst spel inom genrerna action, shooter och sports som dominerar på listorna över bästsäljande spel idag och det har skett en ökning i frekvens av samtliga grova innehållsbeskrivningar såsom blood and gore, intense violence och strong language.

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