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  • 1.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Islam, M. Sirajul
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    From one-to-one to integration of multiple toolsIngår i: Research in Learning Technology, ISSN 2156-7069, E-ISSN 2156-7077Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 2.
    Ask, Andreas
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Hedström, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Taking initial steps towards enterprise architecture in local government2011Ingår i: Electronic government and the information systems perspective / [ed] Kim Normann Andersen, Enrico Francesconi, Åke Grönlund, Tom M. van Engers, Berlin: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2011, s. 26-40Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to increase the understanding of immature use of Enterprise Architectures (EAs). In this paper we present results from an eGovernment initiative in a Swedish local government. This longitudinal case study illustrates the problems of taking initial steps of moving towards an EA during the development and implementation an eGovernment initiative. Through an analysis of goal achievements, we develop a better understanding of the challenges of using EA frameworks for local eGovernment-projects. Our results show that the immature use of the EA framework resulted in parts of the organization deviating from plan where individual members began to implement individual solutions, instead of basing decisions on the overall architecture. This impaired project’s possibility to develop towards an EA in an efficient way.

  • 3.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro universitet, Humanistiska institutionen.
    ICT and gender inequality in the Middle East, towards active participation2006Ingår i: Encyclopedia of gender and information technology / [ed] Eileen M. Trauth, Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing, 2006, s. 772-779Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 4.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    ICT, Media and the Egyptian Revolution: Building Networks of Democracy2015Ingår i: Promoting social change and democracy through information technology / [ed] Vikas Kumar, Jakob Svensson, Hershey, PA, USA: IGI Global, 2015, 1, s. 94-115Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 5.
    El Gody, Ahmed
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The Middle East2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 6.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Connecting eGovernment to real government: the failure of the UN eParticipation index2011Ingår i: Electronic government / [ed] Marijn Janssen, Hans J. Scholl, Maria A. Wimmer, Yao-Hua Tan, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2011, Vol. 6846/2011, s. 26-37Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    eGovernment rankings are increasingly important as they guide countries’ focus of their efforts. Hence indexes must not just measure features of web sites but also accurately indicate underlying government processes. eGovernment rankings are in a process of maturation in that direction, moving from purely measuring web sites to assessing use and government qualities. One such measurement is the UN eParticipation index, intended to measure how well governments connect to their citizens. This paper analyzes the quality of the index by validating it against other indexes of government-citizen relations qualities, democracy, internet filtering, and transparency. Results: The relation between the index and democracy and participation is non-existent. Countries which are authoritarian or obstruct citizen internet use by filtering can score high on eParticipation by window-dressing their webs. We suggest that the eParticipation index includes an element of reality check and propose ways to do that.

  • 7.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Elektroniska omröstningar2001Ingår i: Rösträtten 80 år: forskarantologi / [ed] Christer Jönsson, Stockholm: Justitiedepartementet , 2001, s. 233-254Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 8.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    IT, demokrati och medborgarnas deltagande2001Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Using ICT to combat corruption: tools, methods and results2010Ingår i: Increasing transparency and fighting corruption through ICT: empowering people and communities / [ed] Cecilia Strand, Stockholm: Universitetsservice US-AB , 2010, nr 3, s. 7-31Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 10.
    Grönlund, Åke
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Andersson, Annika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Accessibility revisited: identifying research gaps2003Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 11.
    Grönlund, Åke
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Flygare, Ann-Marie
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    The effect of eGovernment on corruption: measuring robustness of indexes2011Ingår i: Electronic government and the information systems perspective / [ed] Kim Normann Andersen, Enrico Francesconi, Åke Grönlund, Tom M. van Engers, Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2011, Vol. 6866, s. 235-248Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One eGovernment proposal is that increased transparency and formalization of processes will reduce corruption. Andersen [4]) and Shim & Eom [6] found such positive effects, but findings are not comparable as different indexes were used and index quality was not tested. To fill this gap this paper uses statistical methods to investigate if the positive effect of eGovernment is robust across different indexes. We find that while corruption is very consistently measured by the CCI and CPI indexes, eGovernment indexes vary widely as predictors. The Economist and ITU indexes are the best predictors. The UN index scores fairly good but none of the other tested indexes can serve as indicator. Findings indicate that including social and institutional analysis improves an index hugely while measuring web sites is pointless. This suggests that indexes would score similarly different also on other eGovernment effects, and that the choice of eGovernment index is very important.

  • 12.
    Grönlund, Åke
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Jakobsson, Mikael
    Electronic services to the citizens: usable and useful?1999Ingår i: Users in action: stories of users and telematics in everyday life / [ed] MariAnne Karlsson, Britt Östlund, Stockholm: Kommunikationsforskningsberedningen (KFB) , 1999, s. 51-78Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 13.
    Grönlund, Åke
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, statistik och informatik.
    Wiberg, M.
    Mobility in the wild1999Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 14.
    Hedström, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Kolkowska, Ella
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Allen, J. P.
    School of Management, University of San Francisco, San Francisco, USA.
    Value conflicts for information security management2011Ingår i: Journal of strategic information systems, ISSN 0963-8687, E-ISSN 1873-1198, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 373-384Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A business’s information is one of its most important assets, making the protection of information a strategic issue. In this paper, we investigate the tension between information security policies and information security practice through longitudinal case studies at two health care facilities. The management of information security is traditionally informed by a control-based compliance model, which assumes that human behavior needs to be controlled and regulated. We propose a different theoretical model: the value-based compliance model, assuming that multiple forms of rationality are employed in organizational actions at one time, causing potential value conflicts. This has strong strategic implications for the management of information security. We believe health care situations can be better managed using the assumptions of a value-based compliance model.

  • 15.
    Islam, M. Sirajul
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Evaluation of an m-service for farmers in a developing region: a case study from rural Bangladesh2011Ingår i: Media Asia, ISSN 0129-6612, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 41-51Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the issues relating to evaluating a mobile phone-based agricultural market information service designed for farmers in Bangladesh. The paper is grounded on a mixed methods research approach and case study supported by surveys and participant observations. The findings show and confirm that addressing the need assessment and ‘perceived ease of use’ adequately, upholding management efficiency, adopting innovative strategies for sustainability, getting the involvement of local stakeholders, deploying appropriate technology to make the service fully accessible by targeted end-users, and processing and disseminating qualitative, and useful content are the major aspects of a good service. The lessons learned from the case study can be of special interest for academicians as well as for practitioners who are particularly concerned with the use of mobile technologies for rural development in emerging economies.

  • 16.
    Islam, M. Sirajul
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Andersson, Annika
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Investigating choices of appropriate devices for one-to-one computing initiatives in schools worldwide2016Ingår i: International Journal of Information and Education Technology, ISSN 2010-3689, Vol. 6, nr 10, s. 817-825Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of technology in schools is rapidly increasing - today most notably through theone-to-one (1:1) programs that are being implemented all around the world.Considering how new technologies are emerging fast and obsoleting others in schools,there is a need to continuously monitor and understand the features of various devicesin terms of embedded technology and interaction with the users. This paper thereforepresents the nature of computing devices used in 1:1 computing programs at schoollevel around the world, including investigating the benefits of drawbacks, by means ofa systematic literature review and a survey conducted in some schools in Sweden. Thepaper also presents findings based on how the various uses of technology affectcooperation practices as well as personal exploration.

  • 17.
    Islam, M. Sirajul
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Agriculture market information E-service in Bangladesh: a stakeholder-oriented case analysis2007Ingår i: Electronic government / [ed] Maria A. Wimmer, Jochen Scholl, Åke Grönlund, Berlin: Springer , 2007, , s. 12s. 167-178Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper assesses an e-government project in Bangladesh using design-reality gap analysis and stakeholder theory. The project under study is anAgricultural Market Information System intended to provide timely and accuratemarket information to farmers, wholesalers, and retailers, for the purpose ofmaking actors more informed and markets more effective. The research questionsare; why did the system fail, and what, if anything, can be done toimprove it. The analysis shows deficiencies in both adaptation to stakeholderpreferences, needs and capabilities, as well as in project resources such as staffsupply and qualifications. Yet the project has been technically up-to-date andhas over time exhibited some learning as failures have resulted in adaptation tonew findings. This research suggests use of mobile technologies in combinationwith call centres and locally available human resources as the most importantfactors for success.

  • 18.
    Islam, M. Sirajul
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Agriculture market information services (AMIS) in the least developed countries (LDCs): nature, scope, and challenges2010Ingår i: Electronic government / [ed] Maria A.Wimmer, Jean-Loup Chappelet, Marijn Janssen, Hans J. Scholl, Berlin, Germany: Springer , 2010, s. 109-120Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Rural growth is seen as an engine to drive the economy ofdeveloping countries and the use of Agriculture Market Information Services(AMIS) is believed to enable this growth. This paper is based on a literaturestudy and investigates the spread and use of AMIS in the least developedcountries (n=49) in terms of users, management, funding, infrastructure, anddata. We investigate success as well as failure aspects, and discuss the role ofnew technologies. Findings show that while new technologies can improvedissemination of information, collecting data economically and meeting highquality requirements remains major challenges. The study contributes byproviding a comprehensive view of the challenges of AMIS in developingcountries and an AMIS project evaluation matrix (IS-PEM) based on thefindings, which together contribute to improving the design of future projects.

  • 19.
    Islam, M. Sirajul
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Applying design science approach in ICT4D research: mobile phone based agriculture market information service (AMIS) in Bangladesh2012Ingår i: Practical Aspects of Design Science: European Design Science Symposium, EDSS 2011, Leixlip, Ireland, October 14, 2011, Revised Selected Papers / [ed] Markus Helfert, Brian Donnellan, Springer, 2012, s. 132-143Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the characteristics and scope of Information and Communication Technologies for Development  (ICT4D)  and Design Science Research (DSR), and subsequently presents findings  from a case study regard-ing how the call for future research, practical and methodological, on IS in gen-eral and ICT4D in particular can be well addressed with DSR. The paper con-tributes to the domain of design research knowledge as it critically discusses as well as exemplifies the use of DSR in an interpretive research perspective that aims at solving some socio-economic problems, which is significantly lacking in contemporary research. The major argument here is that DSR can be fruitfully used in ICT4D research as long as the goal of ICT4D research is to innovate or design something new. Furthermore, due to the stage-gate model nature of DSR, its comprehensive use in ICT4D needs an integrated research approach with well-coordinated activities throughout the development process.

  • 20.
    Islam, M. Sirajul
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Bangladesh calling: farmers' technology use practices as a driver for development2011Ingår i: Information Technology for Development, ISSN 0268-1102, E-ISSN 1554-0170, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 95-111Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Making farmers in developing countries more informed about market opportunities is generally considered an important step toward development of the agricultural sector and increasing individual farmers' income. Mobile phones are a useful technology for delivering such information, but are farmers ready? According to Sen [Development as freedom. In J. Ezer (Ed.), Gandhi's third assassination: Information and communication technology education in India (pp. 201-212)], human capability is the basic driver for development. This paper investigates, by means of a survey (n  =  420) to farmers in rural Bangladesh, what factors affect mobile phone ownership and use and what professional information is asked for. We find that access is very high, to a large extent through community use. Neither education nor income is a determining factor, but “modernity” - being young and/or having children - is. Even the very poor have access. Attitudes are very positive not just to the phones, but also to using them for professional information services. Hence, human capacity for development is there, as is technology. What is still lacking is the useful services adapted to the rural usage patterns and social context.

  • 21.
    Islam, M. Sirajul
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Digital Bangladesh: a change we can believe in ?2011Ingår i: Electronic government and the information systems perspective / [ed] Kim Normann Andersen, Enrico Francesconi, Åke Grönlund, Tom M. van Engers, Berlin: Springer , 2011, s. 107-121Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Turning Bangladesh, one of the world’s least developed countries, into a digitally developed nation by 2021 was one of the main electoral pledges of the present government. This vision, widely known as ‘Digital Bangladesh’, has contributed to a decisive victory for the alliance of ruling parties by securing absolute majority in the parliament. This paper investigates how this vision has been stewarded by measuring the level of commitment of the present government. In order to do so, a qualitative formative evaluation research approach has been followed, using Peña-López’s digital component access model, the National ICT Policy-2009 (NIP) and the national budgets of Bangladesh for the 2009-2010 and 2010-2011 fiscal years. The main finding is that the Government’s commitment for initiating widespread digital development is so far not comprehensive and not consistent with the approved policies. There is also evidence of poor progress toward materializing a digital Bangladesh.

  • 22.
    Islam, M. Sirajul
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    The Bangladesh national biometric database: a transferable success?2010Ingår i: Electronic government and the information systems perspective / [ed] Kim Normann Andersen, Enrico Francesconi, Åke Grönlund, Tom M. van Engers, Nerlin, Germany: Springer , 2010, s. 189-203Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Having a reliable voter list for conducting free and fair elections in Bangladesh was earlier considered unachievable due to political instability, widespread corruption, and weak and demoralized leadership. However, in 2008 the PERP project succeeded in building the world’s currently largest biometric database covering the entire Bangladeshi voting age population, 80 million people. This paper describes the PERP project as well as the history of failed projects and analyses success factors based on the IS implementation literature. This is an interpretive case study where both primary and secondary data have been used. The key finding is that the major reason behind the success was to get the project done in a ‘politically controlled’ environment where the people worked in a highly structured management system following a concrete and realistic roadmap. The implications of this finding are discussed.

  • 23.
    Islam, M. Sirajul
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Scupola, Ada
    Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark.
    E-service research trends in the domain of e-Government: a contemporary study2011Ingår i: International Journal of E-Services and Mobile Applications, ISSN 1941-627X, E-ISSN 1941-627X, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 38-55Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Government ‘e-service’ as a subfield of the e-government domain has been gaining attention topractitioners and academicians alike due to the growing use of information and communicationtechnologies at the individual, organizational and societal levels. This paper conducts a thoroughliterature review to examine the e-service research trends during the period between 2005 and2009 mostly in terms of, research methods, theoretical models and frameworks employed aswell as type of research questions. The results show that there has been a good amount ofpapers focusing on ‘e-Service’ within the field of e-government with a good combination ofresearch methods and theories. In particular the findings show that technology acceptance,evaluation and system architecture are the most common themes, that circa half of the studiessurveyed focus on the organizational perspective and that the most employed research methodsare case studies and surveys, often with a mix of both types of methodologies.

  • 24.
    Jaakkola, Hannu
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Henno, Jaak
    Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Mäkelä, Jukka
    University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland.
    The Digitalization Push in Universities2016Ingår i: 2016 39th International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics (MIPRO): May 30 - June 3, 2016, Opatija, Croatia : proceedings / [ed] Biljanovic, P.; Butkovic, Z.; Skala, K.; Grbac, T.G.; CicinSain, M.; Sruk, V.; Ribaric, S.; Gros, S.; Vrdoljak, B.; Mauher, M.; Tijan, E.; Lukman, D., New York: IEEE , 2016, s. 1025-1031Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization is spreading across our current society and is a major source of the changes - incremental and also radical - encountered in daily life. It changes the content of jobs: some jobs are no longer needed, and new jobs are also needed. Digitalization in universities has several implications - in teaching, research, and in administration. The opportunities provided by digitalization are manifold. In our paper, we separate two digitalization related topic areas - i.e., networking and digitalization itself. Our paper focuses on academic publishing and we will analyze its role in the current academic world. The approach selected emphasizes the role of an individual researcher and, in particular, publishing the results of their work in academic forums. Digitalization provides a wide variety of new forums but also the means to recognize the impact of the forums and affect it. Networking as a phenomenon is also based on digitalization - physical networks and social networking related applications can be beneficial for researchers. Because teaching is the most visible work of universities, the role of digitalization in this sector is also addressed briefly in this paper.

  • 25.
    Jussila, Jari J.
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Lyytikkä, Jani
    Deloitte Oy, Helsinki, Finland.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    Tampere University of Technology, Pori, Finland.
    Kärkkäinen, Hannu
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Value added of social media in open innovation community: the perspective of a community hosting company that produces B2B products2014Ingår i: AcademicMindTrek '14: Proceedings of the 18th International Academic MindTrek Conference / [ed] Artur Lugmayr, Heljä Franssila, Janne Paavilainen, New York, NY: ACM Digital Library, 2014, s. 118-124Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media and open innovation communities are becoming increasingly important not only for business-to-consumer (B2C) companies, in which context they have resulted in relatively large and fast-growing research body, but increasingly also to the development of business-to-business (B2B) products and innovations. In order to find out how social media and open innovation communities can be used to create value for the development of B2B product, we selected a single case study research method. The selected single case represents a unique case regarding open innovation community and social media use in the development of complex B2B products.

  • 26.
    Koch, Sabine
    et al.
    Department of Medical Sciences, Medical Informatics and Engineering, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hägglund, Maria
    Department of Medical Sciences, Medical Informatics and Engineering, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Scandurra, Isabella
    Department of Medical Sciences, Medical Informatics and Engineering, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Moström, Dennis
    DataVis AB, Örnsköldsvik, Sweden.
    Towards a virtual health record for mobile home care of elderly citizens2004Ingår i: MEDINFO 2004: Proceedings of the 11th World Congress on Medical Informatics / [ed] Fieschi, M., Coiera, E., Li, Y.-C.J., Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2004, s. 960-963Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile work situations within home care of the elderly require immediate and ubiquitous access to patient-oriented data. The ongoing Swedish research project “Technical support for Mobile CloseCare” focuses on the development and evalua-tion of work-scenario oriented ICT support for enhanced home care of elderly citizens. The aim of the project is to pro-vide a seamless and consistent information flow between dif-ferent health care providers and to give intuitive access to information services for the elderly and their relatives. For that purpose, different independent software components are connected through a mobile communication platform. Flexible access to prioritized information for different users in different work situations will be given through a virtual health record. In order to obtain both usable and clinically relevant systems, a user centered system development approach is followed. Evaluation of the project results will be based on usability tests and quasi-experimental studies on how system implemen-tation influences quality of care and job- and life satisfaction for care providers, patients and relatives.

  • 27.
    Kondyli, Vasiliki
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Bhatt, Mehul
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Hartmann, Timo
    Systems Engineering, Civil Engineering Institute, TU Berlin, Germany.
    Precedent Based Design Foundations for Parametric Design: The Case of Navigation and Wayfinding2018Ingår i: Advances in Computational Design, ISSN 2383-8477, Vol. 3, nr 4, s. 339-366Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Parametric design systems serve as powerful assistive tools in the design process by providing a flexible approach for the generation of a vast number of design alternatives. However, contemporary parametric design systems focus primarily on low-level engineering and structural forms, without an explicit means to also take into account high-level, cognitively motivated people-centred design goals.

    We present a precedent-based parametric design method that integrates people-centred design “precedents” rooted in empirical evidence directly within state of the art parametric design systems. As a use-case, we illustrate the general method in the context of an empirical study focusing on the multi-modal analysis of wayfinding behaviour in two large-scale healthcare environments. With this use-case, we demonstrate the manner in which: (1). a range of empirically established design precedents —e.g., pertaining to visibility and navigation— may be articulated as design constraints to be embedded directly within state of the art parametric design tools (e.g., Grasshopper); and (2). embedded design precedents lead to the (parametric) generation of a number of morphologies that satisfy people-centred design criteria (in this case, pertaining to wayfinding).

    Our research presents an exemplar for the integration of cognitively motivated design goals with parametric design-space exploration methods. We posit that this opens-up a range of technological challenges for the engineering and development of next-generation computer aided architecture design systems.

  • 28.
    Mathew Martin, Poothullil John
    Department of Outreach & Extension Services, AYJNIHH, New Delhi, India.
    Web Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities: Evidence from India2008Ingår i: Communicator, ISSN 0588-8093, Vol. XLIII, nr 1, s. 28-56Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Websites are today the face of an organization, with Global reach. The Information and Technology (IT) Act 2000 of India, is entirely silent on the subject of web accessibility. However the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) guidelines of 2009, which has been ratified by Govt. of India, of which Article 9.2 (g) & (h) especially lays down that, states should facilitate access for Persons with disabilities (PWDs) to new information and communication technologies, especially the Internet. A study was undertaken on 3rd December 2009, to analyze the qualities of a website designed by Government Organizations (GOs) and Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) working for PWDs in terms of Information & Dissemination, Accessibility, Design and Interactive participatory features. The main contribution of this study is to illuminate the features of websites used by GOs and NGOs working for PWDs in India and its accessibility.

  • 29.
    Memedi, Mevludin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Lindqvist, Joakim
    Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Tunedal, Tobias
    Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Duvåker, Axel
    Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    A study on pre-adoption of a self-management application by Parkinson’s disease patients2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of factors influencing the acceptance by Parkinson's disease (PD) patients of a self-management application for an Internet of Things system. Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) factors including performance expectancy, effort expectancy, and social influence were tested along with sociodemographic (age and gender) and technology-associated (experience with modern technology) factors to determine their contributions for predicting behavioral intention to use the application. Fifty respondents completed the survey. The results show that the UTAUT-based factors, sociodemographic and technology-associated factors account for 82.9% of the variability in PD patients' behavioralintention to use the application. We found that women were significantly more positive than men (p<0.001) in their intention to use the application. If offered the application in the future, 70% of the respondents would use it. Respondents with lower level of experience with technology had less intention to use the application. Performance expectancy and social influence were the only factors that positively predicted intention to use the application. The results showed high scores related to intention to use the application, suggesting high acceptance of the application by the PD patients. Based on qualitative results, the application was seen by PD patients as a useful tool for providing them a better overview of their health status. Finally, the acceptance of the application can be increased by showing its benefits to the PD patients and by developing social strategies to encourage them to stimulate each other to use the application.

  • 30.
    Normann Andersen, Kim
    et al.
    Copenhagen Business School, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Francesconi, EnricoDipartimento di Sistemi e Informatica (DSI), Universita`degli Studi di Firenze, Florence, Italy.Grönlund, ÅkeÖrebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.van Engers, Tom M.Leibniz Center for Law; University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Electronic government and the information systems perspective: Second international conference, EGOVIS 2011, Toulouse, France, August 29 – September 2, 2011, Proceedings2011Proceedings (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
  • 31. Riabacke, Mona
    et al.
    Åström, Joachim
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    eParticipation galore?: Extending multi-criteria decision analysis to the public2011Ingår i: International Journal of Public Information Systems, ISSN 1653-4360, Vol. 2, s. 79-99Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    New approaches and tools are required because of the increasing request for public participation and democratic decision making. There are two particular major challenges associated with this namely, applications allowing for large numbers of users and the balancing of participation and expertise. This article tests a method attempting to achieve this by combining a multi-criteria decision approach with different forms of discussion and deliberation. The method involves relaxed requirements for user exactness in statements of opinion and was tested on 90 students aged 17-19. Is it possible to extend multi-criteria decision analysis to the public? In order to answer this question, our research focuses on (1) scalability, or the potential for increased participation, as well as (2) decision quality, i.e. whether the alternatives are reflected upon and if there have been reasoned judgments. The test and survey found both these criteria met. The findings suggest that the method can be used for large scale participation during a decision making process, but also that a participatory process is improved by lengthier deliberation and more than one point of measurement so that opinions can stabilize.

  • 32.
    Stenlund, Jörgen
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik. Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Travelling through time: Students’ interpretation of evolutionary time in dynamic visualizations2019Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att kunna förstå och ta ställning till utmaningar i form av exempelvis klimatförändringar, förlust av biodiversitet och antibiotikaresistens krävs kunskap om evolution. För att förstå evolution är det i sin tur viktigt att inse betydelsen av de tidsskalor som evolutionära processer omfattar. Detta utgör inte sällan ett problem vid undervisning om evolution eftersom det rör sig om tidsskalor som sträcker sig långt bortom vad vi själva kan erfara. Tidsskalor ingår i en grupp av begrepp som kallas tröskelbegrepp. Tröskelbegrepp utmärks av att de är svåra att ta till sig, men när väl förståelse uppnås så innebär det en radikal och permanent förändring av hur ett ämnesinnehåll, exempelvis evolution, betraktas. Av den anledningen är de också ”enkelriktade” i meningen att den nya förståelsen är bestående

    Ett sätt att bemöta problemen med att förstå tidsskalor av varierande storlekar är att använda dynamiska visualiseringar. Denna avhandling handlar just om hur elevers förståelse av evolution med avseende på tiden kan underlättas genom visualiseringar i undervisning.

    Avhandlingen baseras på två studier som var och en belyser evolutionär

    tid på olika sätt beträffande såväl innehåll som form.

    I den första studien undersöktes hur olika varianter av en tidsrepresentation i form av animerade tidslinjer påverkade 144 studenters förståelse av olika tidsaspekter. Representationen av tid hade två variabler, nämligen antal tidslinjer (en tidslinje respektive 3 tidslinjer med olika skalor) och hastighet för animationen av tidsförloppet (konstant hastighet respektive avtagande hastighet när animationen närmade sig nutid). De två variablerna kombinerades för att ge fyra olika varianter av tidsrepresentation. I studien jämfördes varianterna genom att undersöka studenters förmåga kring olika tidsaspekter; hitta händelser vid specifika tider, uppfatta ordning på händelser, uppfatta samtidiga händelser, uppfatta längden på ett tidsintervall och jämföra längden av två tidsintervall.

    I den andra studien undersöktes uppfattningar och förståelse av tidsmässiga aspekter hos 10 gymnasieelever med utgångspunkt från det interaktiva multi-touch-bordet ”DeepTree”. Det är en interaktiv visualisering av livets träd, det vill säga de fylogenetiska sambanden mellan organismer på jorden. I denna studie fokuserades de interaktiva aspekterna av visualiseringen, särskilt kring hur zoomfunktionen uppfattades av elever men också vilka missuppfattningar som var kopplade till interaktioner. Även tidsaspekterna från den första studien undersöktes.

    Resultaten från den första studien visar att det under vissa omständigheter kan vara en fördel att variera det animerade tidsflödet, till exempel genom att hastigheten på tidsflödet i animationen avtar under en speciellt händelserik period som behöver granskas noggrannare. Under andra omständigheter kan det däremot vara olämpligt att variera hastigheten för den animerade tiden eftersom det försvårar bedömningen av storleken på, och jämförelsen av, tidsintervall. Det är alltså viktigt att lärare är medvetna om vilken, eller vilka, tidsaspekter som är centrala i den specifika lärandesituationen.

    Resultaten från den andra studien visar två olika sätt att uppfatta zoomfunktionen när den används i applikationen DeepTree; antingen som en rörelse i tid eller som en rörelse i det metaforiska trädet. Flera missuppfattningar av interaktionen observerades hos eleverna. Till exempel tolkade en del elever den tid det tog att zooma i trädet som att det motsvarade hur lång tid som förflöt mellan olika evolutionära händelser. Ett antal elever verkade anta att det finns en implicit linjär tidslinje längs y-axeln på trädet, och att ju fler grendelningar som fanns längs en gren desto längre tid motsvarade grenen. Generellt är de flesta tidsaspekter svåra att uppfatta för användare av DeepTree. Evolutionära träd av denna typ är dock främst gjorda för att illustrera släktskapsförhållanden, men de tidsmässiga aspekterna skulle kunna förbättras. Applikationer av den typ som DeepTree utgör har potential att erbjuda goda möjligheter till lärande även beträffande evolutionär tid men hänsyn behöver då tas just till hur tidsaspekter beskrivs.

  • 33. Watson, Richard T.
    et al.
    Kunene, K. Niki
    Islam, M. Sirajul
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Frugal information systems (IS)2013Ingår i: Information Technology for Development, ISSN 0268-1102, E-ISSN 1554-0170, Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 176-187Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A discussion of the factors contributing to a likely increase in austerity establishes the case for a greater emphasis on frugal information systems (IS), which is defined as an information system that is developed and deployed with minimal resources to meet the pre-eminent goal of the client. The U-constructs are adopted as a foundation for a frugal IS, and two simple messaging system-based case studies illustrate their application. Design guidelines and practices for frugal IS are considered. The challenges and potential gains of frugal IS are reviewed.

  • 34. Wiberg, Mikael
    et al.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Mobility in the wild social aspects of mobile work: a framework for further research and design1999Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We report ongoing research in search of characteristics of mobile work and use of mobile ICT (information and communication technologies) to support such work. Based on an empirical investigation of the work of mobile service technicians at Telia Nära, we outline five areas of social interaction where mobility changes fundamental aspects of the work.

  • 35.
    Åström, Joachim
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Grönlund, Åke
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Online consultations in local government: what works, when, and why?2011Ingår i: Connecting democracy: online consultation and the flow of political communication / [ed] Stephen Coleman, Peter M. Shane, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2011, s. 75-96Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
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