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  • 1.
    Acale Sánchez, Maria
    et al.
    University of Cadiz, Faculty of Law, International Public, Criminal and Procedural Law, Jerez de la Frontera, Spain.
    Marković, Ivana
    University of Belgrade, Faculty of Law, Criminal Law, Belgrade, Serbia.
    Strand, Susanne
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Centre for Forensic Behavioural Science, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia.
    Gender Competent Criminal Law2023In: Gender-Competent Legal Education / [ed] Dragica Vujadinović; Mareike Fröhlich; Thomas Giegerich, Springer, 2023, p. 429-465Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The following chapter deals with the general and special part of criminal law from a gender perspective. It analyses, in particular, the provisions from the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence, the Istanbul Convention, from 2011. The Istanbul Convention is the most comprehensive international legal instrument that outlines binding obligations to states to prevent and combat violence against women and girls. Furthermore, the Istanbul Convention contains several institutes and behaviours that have to be criminalised in the respective national jurisdictions, covering and combining dogmatics and criminal policy issues with a foundation substantially based on gender. The chapter also explores gender issues in a more general way, interpreting criminal law and its challenges towards gender equality. The special part raises questions regarding criminal law and its compatibility with the Istanbul Convention and national laws.

  • 2. Ahrens, Petra
    et al.
    Callerstig, Anne-Charlott
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The European Social Fund and the Institutionalisation of Gender Mainstreaming in Sweden and Germany2017In: Towards Gendering Institutionalism: Equality in Europe / [ed] Heather MacRae and Elaine Weiner, London: Rowman & Littlefield International, 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Aktas, Oya
    et al.
    Kirklareli University, Turkey.
    Collinson, David L.
    Lancaster University Management School, Lancaster, UK.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland; University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK.
    Sünbüloğlu, Nurseli Yesim
    Men, masculinities and military organizations2023In: Routledge Handbook on Men, Masculinities and Organizations: Theories, Practices and Futures of Organizing / [ed] Jeff Hearn; Kadri Aavik; David L. Collinson; Anika Thym, London: Routledge, 2023, 1, p. 262-275Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Militaries and militarism are among the most obviously gendered of all organizational activities. The military is also one of the clearest arenas of social power, violence and killing in their many guises. Military matters are urgent, powerful and lethal. The ways armies and those in them are organized and act are literally questions of life and death for all concerned. This chapter brings together studies on men and masculinities with those in the military and military organizations. Men, militarism and the military are historically, profoundly and blatantly interconnected. These interconnections have often either been simply accepted or it has gone unnoticed that these military persons are largely men. Indeed, many, though not all, armies and other fighting forces of the world have been and still are armies composed mainly of men, young men and boys. Those engaged in active combat and direct fighting in wars are often young men and boys. In the chapter, we address the place of men and masculinities in some key organizational issues in military organization and militarism, most notably recruitment, hierarchies and segregations, disability and veterans, and the impacts of these organizations on civilians, before concluding remarks on wider processes and impacts, on research, scientific and technological organizations, on international relations and geopolitics, and on the environment.

  • 4.
    Alsarve, Daniel
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. RF-SISU Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
    Achieving gender equity: barriers and possibilities at board level in Swedish sport2022In: European Sport Management Quarterly, ISSN 1618-4742, E-ISSN 1746-031XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research questions How is the 'problem' of gender equity described, perceived and experienced by female and male board members in Swedish sport today? What key dilemmas can be identified in the realisation of a gender equitable sport management? Research methods The article builds on research conducted on three Swedish ball sport federations during 2020-2021 and is based on a total number of 27 (12 males, 15 females) structured interviews with top leaders. The methodology employs Fraser's concept of gender justice and the need to pay attention to cultural and economic dimensions in transformative interventions. Results and Findings Three dilemmas relating to the realisation of gender equity are analysed: between quotas and stigmatisation, overcoming gender equity as a side-project and how the democratic infrastructure of Swedish sport enables men's continued dominance. The findings indicate that one-dimensional (affirmative) interventions dominate, which in turn explain why achieving gender equity in Swedish sport is difficult, i.e. cultural interventions only limit the chances of achieving gender equity. Implications To implement transformative interventions, cultural and economic resources need to be equally recognised and redistributed so that the organisations' gender order is deconstructed and participation on equally recognised terms secured.

  • 5.
    Alsarve, Daniel
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Sport Science.
    Addressing gender equality: enactments of gender and hegemony in the educational textbooks used in Swedish sports coaching and educational programmes2018In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243, Vol. 23, no 9, p. 840-852Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sport is often described as a field containing competitive and hierarchy shaping activities. However, in Sweden and elsewhere, this field is also permeated by democratic principles where, for example, everybody has the right to participate in children’s and youth sports regardless of gender, ethnicity or physical ability. In Sweden, there are distinct objectives for gender equality, where women/girls and men/boys should ideally be treated and recognised equally. The aim of this paper is twofold: to examine how gender is enacted in the textbooks used in Swedish sports coaching and educational programmes and to identify whether any of the enactments reflect a hegemonic masculinity. The textbooks used in two of the most extensive courses arranged by the Swedish Sports Confederation, ‘The Platform’ [Plattformen] and ‘Basic Coach Education’ [Grundtränarutbildning] are in focus. The theoretical framework and methodological approach are inspired by research on sport, gender and the hegemonic masculinity thesis. In the process of analysis, the hegemonic perspective is central. During the analysis, four themes are identified as expressions of a hegemonic masculinity and, thus, as obstacles to gender equality. Firstly, the binary sex norm poses a real challenge for the implementation of gender equality because it helps to shape a hierarchy that privileges men and masculinities. Secondly and thirdly, the themes ‘puberty’ and ‘the coach’ appear to be important, in that they support and contest a gendered hierarchy. Finally, there are examples of men, like sport coaches, appearing as genderless, which is interpreted as a hegemonic acceptance of the category of men (as universal and genderless subjects). By critically illuminating these themes, the paper adds to the wider research field of sport, coaching and education programmes and the complexity of gender mainstreaming in sport.

  • 6.
    Alsarve, Daniel
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Föreställningar om maskuliniteter och feminiteter i idrottens ledarskapslitteratur2015In: Program SVEBI 2015 / [ed] Håkan Larsson och Marie Öhman, Växjö: Linnéuniversitet , 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Trots att svensk idrott länge har haft ett övergripande jämställdhetsmål där kvinnor och män, pojkar och flickor ska ha samma villkor (RF, 1989, 2005, 2011) så går förändringsarbetet trögt. Detta förklaras ofta av att många idrottsgrenar bär en tradition där män dominerat med följden att normer och handlingar som förknippas med ”kvinnliga” egenskaper värderas lägre (se t ex Fundberg, 2003; Messner, 1992). Ett viktigt incitament för förändring är utbildning och inom idrottens (SISU:s) ledar-skapsutbildningar finns två ”grundutbildningar”: Plattformen och grundtränarutbildningen. Men möjliggör eller förhindrar innehållet i dessa utbildningar förändringar mot en mer jämställd idrott?

    Syfte & teoretisk ram: I detta paper studeras hur kön/genus represente-ras i litteraturen i dessa utbildningar med fokus på att synliggöra komplexiteter/motsägelsefullheter. Syftet är att utreda om och i så fall hur litteraturens innehåll utmanar eller bekräftar en traditionell, ste-reotypisk föreställning om mäns och manligheters dominans över kvinnor och kvinnligheter och om innehållet således bidrar till eller hindrar möjligheterna för en mer jämställd idrott. Teoretiskt bildar forskning om hegemoniska maskuliniteter (Connell 1983, 1996) och mäns hegemonier (Hearn, 2004) ramverk för analysen.

    Metod: Genom textanalys och ett diskursivt perspektiv studeras fyra böcker inom de ovan nämnda natio-nella utbildningarna. Dessutom används i viss utsträckning även kursernas powerpoint-presentatio-ner som underlag för analysen.

    Resultat: De preliminära resultaten visar att män skildras både stereotypiskt och som normbrytare genom att till exempel trösta och hålla om barn. Samtidigt reproducerar texterna ett binärt könssystem som tenderar att underordna kvinnor och kvinnlighet. Kvinnans kropp beskrivs som mindre kapabel och sämre utrustad för fysisk ansträngning. Detta gör också att attityden till kvinnor som kunskapsbärande och kunskapsproducerande subjekt påverkas.

    Diskussion: Diskussionen fokuserar på hur innehållet i denna litteratur tenderar att både reproducera och i viss mån utmana mäns och manligheters dominans inom idrotten. Samtidigt finns det något motsägelsefullt i att män bryter mot en traditionellt manlig norm eftersom detta snarare tenderar att omskapa en ny form av hegemoni (Connell 1983, 1996). Detta kan förklara trögföränderligheten hos hegemoniska mas-kuliniteter och ger således ny kunskap om jämställdhetsarbetets utmaningar.

  • 7.
    Alsarve, Daniel
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. School of Business and Economics, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland; Department for sport and public health, RF-SISU Örebro county, Örebro, Sweden.
    Photography, sport and the hegemony of men: a material(-)discursive perspective2023In: Rethinking history, ISSN 1364-2529, E-ISSN 1470-1154, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 248-269Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the focus is on a theoretical discussion about how to analyse masculinities and power in historical research based on imagery and visual sources from a material-discursive point of departure. The argument is that analysing photographs in sport and the material-discursive representation of men/masculinities could contribute to a broader understanding of men’s hegemony. The article adds to the field of visual literacy and connects research on visual materials, sports history and critical gender studies. The past of Swedish ice hockey constitutes the case, while the understanding of men/masculinities departs from research by Jeff Hearn, Raewyn Connell and other scholars within the critical studies on men and masculinities field. Using four specific photographs from the Swedish magazine Hockey, the analysis exemplifies how their materiality and discursivity relate to a broader cultural context of the hegemony of men and masculinities. For example, cultural dominance strategies, visual techniques that ‘activate’ a photographed (or objectified) male subject and entitlement are discussed, and how these include discursive and material meanings of masculinity, status, and domination and how such embodiments interconnect with a contextual configuration of the dominant hegemony of men.

  • 8.
    Alsarve, Daniel
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Review of Men of the World: genders, globalizations, transnational times by Jeff Hearn2016In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 66-68Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Alsarve, Daniel
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    The Art of Being Big, Strong and Full of Power: Swedish Combat Sports, Norms and Gender from the 1990s up until today2016In: 9th Meeting of the Transnational Working Group for the Study of Gender and Sport: 24th-26th November 2016, Bochum, Germany, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Generally, men have dominated the field of modern sports. Consequently, many sports carry associations where traditional ‘male’ characteristics and qualities are valued and traditional ‘female’ characteristics and qualities are devalued (see eg Messner, 1992). More precisely, many sports ‘create’ men and ideals of masculinities. In this paper combat sports (MMA, boxing, karate, Japanese jujitsu etcetera) are studied as examples of sports that shape gender and body ideals. Combat sports express at least two typical ideals of masculinity: muscle strength and (sanctioned) control of violence (Brace-Govan , 2004; Gill, 2007). Women who have exercised these sports have thus been challenging men’s ‘monopoly’ of being strong, big, violent and powerful and other traditionally ‘male’ norms. The aim of this paper is to study, from a gender perspective, how Swedish combat sports have changed since the 1990s. The main question is: How is the increased number of women in combat sports to be understood? Is it a sign of a (feminist) emancipation or has the inclusion of women been on exclusive terms - that is, do men’s domination find new ways to exercise its powers? In the end, this paper also raises questions of the changing contents of violence and muscularity. In so far, the material consists of focus group interviews and individual interviews with combat sports women, from the elite to the recreational level. Magazines will be analysed during 2016-2017. Theoretically, the paper draws on theories of hegemony and gender (Connell, 1983, 2005, Hearn, 2015). The preliminary results show that women, on one hand, portray active subjects that challenge male (sporting) traditions and male norms. Combat sports, some women tell, are increasing ones self-esteem and self-confidence. On the other hand, the female versions of combat sports are not taken as seriously as the male version, which becomes obvious by lower compensation and less media attention. Women are also expected to act as feminine subjects and are thereby ‘forced’ to relate their bodies, clothes etcetera to social and more general understandings of feminine ideals (cf. Clasen, 2001).

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  • 10.
    Alsarve, Daniel
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Gregory, Michele Rene
    York College/CUNY, Queens NY, USA.
    Beyond the public light: Political strongmen, masculine embodiment and sports organizations2023In: Routledge Handbook on Men, Masculinities and Organizations: Theories, Practices and Future of Organizing / [ed] Jeff Hearn; Kadri Aavik; David L. Collinson; Anika Thym, London: Routledge, 2023, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter we expand the analysis of sports, organizations, and masculinity to include behaviour often hidden in private communications by broadening the definition of the ‘locker room’ to include social media and other online spaces. Drawing upon high-profile events, research on male-dominated sports, and arguments on sports and hegemonic masculinities, we illustrate how strongmen create locker room spaces to embody narratives of hegemonic masculinities that disparage and mock certain groups. Demonstrating their values and ideas on whiteness, masculinity, and domination, the strongmen’s misogynist, homophobic, and racist language constructs women, LGBTQ + individuals, and ethnic minorities as inferior. In particular, the weaponization of misogyny and homophobia serves as a warning not only to women and gay men, but also to ‘non-feminized’ heterosexual men whose behaviour or ideas fall outside dominant ‘normative’ constructions of masculinity. By focussing on hidden (or not intended to be public) communication between men in sports organizations, our analysis illustrates that demeaning behaviour is, on the part of some white men, a response to their fear of social change – prompting an examination of the fragility of hegemonic masculinity.

  • 11.
    Alsarve, Daniel
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Tjønndal, Anne
    Nord University, Bodø, Norway.
    ‘The Nordic female fighter’: Exploring women’s participation in mixed martial arts in Norway and Sweden2020In: International Review for the Sociology of Sport, ISSN 1012-6902, E-ISSN 1461-7218, Vol. 55, no 4, p. 471-489Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to investigate women’s participation in mixed martial arts in the Nordic countries. The study is based on a qualitative and quantitative methodological approach consisting of individual interviews and focus group interviews with Swedish female mixed martial arts fighters and data from a Norwegian survey of participants in Norwegian mixed martial arts clubs. A total of 12 female fighters were interviewed, while 484 respondents participated in the survey. The results show that women exercising mixed martial arts contain a potential to act as feminist role models through their counter-hegemonic renegotiation of norms and views on femininity and, more specifically, the perception of femininity as something fragile and passive. Despite this progressive potential, the informants unanimously affirm that combat sports in general and in different ways are dominated by males. The data indicates that women still represent a small and marginalised group among mixed martial arts participants in the Nordic countries. Furthermore, women participating in mixed martial arts compete less and are less motivated by performance enhancement (developing as fighters, winning fights/tournaments/titles) compared to the male participants. However, both male and female participants value health and fun as the most important reasons for their participation in mixed martial arts training groups.

  • 12.
    Alsarve, Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Boye, Katarina
    Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Roman, Christine
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The crossroads of equality and biology: The child’s best interests and constructions of motherhood and fatherhood in Sweden2016In: Couples' Transition to Parenthood: Analysing Gender and Work in Europe / [ed] D. Grunow, M. Evertsson, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, 1, p. 79-100Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender equality has been an important policy goal for more than four decades in Sweden and is commonly seen as an integral part of the Swedish welfare state. However, the gender division of work is still reproduced both in and out of paid work. In this chapter, we analyse interviews with 40 Swedish women and men (20 couples) to explore how norms regarding what is in the child’s best interest enter into decisions concerning parental care, childcare and paid work, and links to social construction of motherhood and fatherhood. A key notion in the interviews was shared parenting. It was seen as highly important that the child gets close, strong ties to both its mother and father. A second, and related, notion was that it is in the interest of the child to have an engaged and caring father, implying a new kind of fatherhood. The ideas on shared parenting and the engaged father were sometimes linked to ideas on gender equality, but sometimes they went hand in hand with more traditional notions of motherhood and fatherhood. Motherhood was, on the one hand, constructed as distinct from fatherhood and closely related to female biology. On the other hand, motherhood was constructed to fit with women’s identities as independent and work-oriented. The interviews seem to reflect a recent political and cultural development where major changes have occurred regarding fatherhood norms but where less has happened regarding motherhood norms. Gender equality was, however, one central factor that the couples took into account in their plans for the future. About half of the interviewed couples planned to share parental leave equally or wanted to share equally but were open to being flexible, for instance in regard to possible changes in their employment or financial situation. Licensed childcare was the obvious childcare arrangement after the parental leave period was over and was perceived as beneficial to the child’s development. Unlike parents in many other countries, parents in Sweden can rely on a system of social policies that are developed and adjusted to facilitate the lives of dual-earner/dual-carer families.

  • 13.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Faculty of Social Sciences, Lillehammer University College, Lillehammer, Norway.
    Hansson, Per
    Department of Education, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    At the end of the road?: On differences between women and men in leadership behavior2011In: Leadership & Organization Development Journal, ISSN 0143-7739, E-ISSN 1472-5347, Vol. 32, no 5, p. 328-341Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This study aims to explore behavioural differences between women and men in managerial positions and suggest explanations for differences and similarities.

    Design/methodology/approach – In order to eliminate any effects of organizational differences on leadership behaviour, this study had public managers responding to questionnaires that measured their leadership style, decision-making style, and motivation profile.

    Findings – Statistical analyses of data from three groups of Swedish public managers (n=385) revealed virtually no significant differences in behaviour between female and male managers. Regardless of whether there is a female or male majority of employees or a female or male majority of managers, no effect on leadership behaviour occurs.

    Originality/value – A number of studies indicate that managers' behaviour is different in different types of organizations. This study suggests, therefore, that, independent of gender, organizational and demographic characteristics modify leadership behaviours, thus explaining similarities in leadership behaviour.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Høgestøl, Sofie A. E.University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.Lie, Anne ChristineUniversity of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Fremmedkrigere: forebygging, straffeforfølgning og rehabilitering i Skandinavia2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Andersson, Cecilia
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    ”… inget är viktigare än att låta barnen vara barn!”: - En kritisk diskursanalys av nätbaserat motstånd mot genuspedagogik i förskolan2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 16.
    Andersson, Helen
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Media and Communication Studies.
    Eriksson, Göran
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Media and Communication Studies.
    The masculinization of domestic cooking: a historical study of Swedish cookbooks for men2022In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 252-269Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes how men's domestic cooking is represented and masculinized in cookbooks, written by men for men and published in 1975, 1992, and 2010, respectively. Departing from the concept of domestic masculinities, it uses the methods of Multimodal Critical Discourse Analysis. It asks: what kind of values and ideas connected to men, food, and the home are realized in texts and images? And how are these legitimized and naturalized? As the study's context is Sweden, a country known for its pursuit of gender equality, the study focuses on how men's domestic cooking has been represented in cookbooks published roughly 20 years apart. The analysis shows that, while the first two books are characterized by a 'real man' discourse and working-class masculinity, the 2010 book represents a masculinity in line with a 'new man image' closely linked to consumption and materiality. However, structurally, there are few differences. Values associated with traditional middle-class masculinities, traditional gender norms, and gendered division of domestic labor are reproduced. Men's cooking is recontextualized as a playful leisure activity. In all three books, cooking becomes another way for a man to appear successful - both in relation to other men and women, and in socioeconomic terms.

  • 17.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    “Allt började med en sockerbit!”: ett diskursivt perspektiv på unga mäns berättelser om eget våldsutövande2010In: Locus, ISSN 1100-3197, no 2-3, p. 77-90Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Constructing and being ‘the Other’: young men’s talk on ethnic racist violence2013In: Social inequality & the politics of representation: a global landscape / [ed] Celine-Marie Pascale, Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Gola aldrig!: pedofilen som undantag2012In: Andra män: maskulinitet, normskapande och jämställdhet / [ed] Lucas Gottzén & Rickard Jonsson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2012, p. 135-148Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    et al.
    Department of Thematic Studies (Child Studies), Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. .
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Department of Government, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Department of Thematic Studies (Gender Studies), Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland; University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK.
    Mediated communications of violence: the example of “happy slapping”2011In: Journal of Children and Media, ISSN 1748-2798, E-ISSN 1748-2801, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 230-234Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Information and communication technologies (ICTs) afford new possibilities for complex interactions among young people. An Internet user can be both a consumer (receiver) and a producer (sender) of mediated communication, asynchronously or simultaneously—such as someone who both uploads and watches video clips on YouTube (von Feilitzen, 2009). “And between these two extremes—the reception and sender roles— the user can be interacting or participating to different extents, for example, in games and in communities owned, maintained and copywrited by someone else” (von Feilitzen, 2009, p. 36). Communication and socializing in virtual online and real offline life through ICTs provides new dimensions to young peoples’ “identity experiments and identity formation” (p. 38). As discussed by Wellman (2001), the “social affordances of computerized communication networks” provide youth with many possibilities for new forms of production and consumption of violence in and through media technology. In this Commentary we aim to outline some important, yet relatively underdeveloped, aspects of research that connect new media, violence, and young people.

  • 21.
    Andersson, Renée
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The myth of Sweden’s success: A deconstructive reading of the discourses in gender mainstreaming texts2018In: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 455-469Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates discourses of Sweden's success in gender mainstreaming. Using the theoretical concept of myth, discourse analysis is performed on different categories of texts (including academic texts, grey papers and official reports). The aim is to analyse how this discourse of success is constructed and to increase the understanding of its components. The themes identified in the reading include adaptation, integration, volume and initiatives. In conclusion, it is argued that a conflation of gender mainstreaming (viewed as a strategy) with gender equality (as a policy objective) has been a vital part of the construction of Sweden as the best case of gender mainstreaming.

  • 22.
    Andersson, Renée
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Center for Feminist Studies (CFS); Örebro Research School of Public Affairs (FOVU).
    The Question of Feminism in Gender Mainstreaming: A Case of Non-conflict in Local Politics2015In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 203-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses gender equality and how and why a gender mainstreaming strategy avoids the question of gender conflict. The making of gender-equality work is studied by investigating how feminism is talked about and rejected in a specific gender mainstreaming project in the municipality of Örebro, Sweden. Drawing upon the theoretical concepts of hegemony and discourse, the focus is on the silences—the unspoken questions and problems—surrounding the project. I examine how the exclusion of feminism and conflict is articulated when gender mainstreaming is introduced as a new way of doing gender-equality work in the municipality. The struggles identified show that feminism is rejected because it is seen as being in opposition to (1) professionalism and (2) legitimate political issues. I conclude that within the local discourse of gender mainstreaming there is a notion that this form of gender-equality work ought to be performed without harmful or threatening gender conflicts. This means that the strategy of gender mainstreaming constitutes a short-cut to bypass controversial problems like equal treatment, special efforts for women, and men's privileges in gender-equality work.

  • 23.
    Andersson, Renée
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Hedlund, Gun
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Att göra kön i kommunal politik: lokala variationer av gender mainstreaming och kvinnofrid2014In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 35, no 2-3, p. 55-80Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Andersson, Susanne
    et al.
    Department of Education, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Callerstig, Anne-Charlott
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    From glass ceiling to firewalls: Detecting and changing gendered organizational norms2022In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 140-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is based on an empirical case study with an interactive research approach focusing on gendered norms in a Swedish truck Company. It discusses the combined value of using the metaphor of a firewall for (1) analysing how organizational constraining gendered norms are done in everyday organizational life, and (2) as a practical tool to facilitate the processes aimed at improving norm awareness. The metaphor embodies an understanding that makes it possible to visualize relational ongoing organizational processes and power dimensions. In addition, the firewall is useful for emphasizing variations and complexity. Variations and dynamics are manifested in the ways that employees need to fulfil varying “codes” in order to be accepted. The possession of certain codes (norms) that are required to pass through the first layer of the firewall (employment), and give access to some networks, does not automatically ensure acceptance and integration into more influential networks (referred to as the informal and inner layers of the firewall). The results furthermore show that the firewall metaphor is fruitful when facilitating reflection processes amongst employees to improve norma wareness and to discuss strategies for change. The conclusion is that the firewall metaphor facilitates an analysis of the relational and complex doing of constraining norms, and that it also can be used to initiate change.

  • 25.
    Andersson, Susanne
    et al.
    Stockholms University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Callerstig, Anne-Charlott
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Moving with(in) normative firewalls: a dynamic approach to study gendered careers and innovation processes in the truck industry2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we explore how existing work place culture and gendered norms impact on the possibilities to work with so called ”norm-critical” innovation processes in an organisation. Norm-critical reflexivity in the context of innovation processes implies to pay attention to invisible and implicit norms that may result in that certain privileged perspectives is being prevailed (over others) (Balkmar & Lykke 2015). The empirical findings emanates from a two year interactive research project, in which gender researchers in collaboration with participants at Volvo Group, Sweden, have explored the ways that the company can increase its capacity to work with norm-critical perspectives in the innovation process. Volvo is a highly gender segregated organisation. At the same time the trucking industry in itself is highly masculinized in terms of different professions; ranging from truck drivers to sales personnel to technical engineers involved in the design and manufacturing of trucks. In later years the shortage of truck drivers, in combination with more women drivers entering trucking academies and haulage contractors, has led to a questioning of male norms in the transport business. This includes reports of difficult working conditions for female truckers, including how the design of the truck itself takes the male body as the implicit norm, to the assumption that it is a man that is the presumed driver of trucks.

    This paper focus on the part of the project that seeks to better understand how existing work-place culture and norms structure who is considered the ideal employee (Acker 1992) and its implications for innovation. This includes studying its impacts on both the possibility for different categories of employees to take part in the innovation work on equal terms, and the ability to reflect upon the impact of implicit norms in the innovation process itself. In total, 17 semi-structured interviews were conducted with co-workers and managers (13 women and 5 men). The main questions concerned whether there existed ideals that formed implicit ”codes” (Bendl and Schmidt 2010) in the organization and its impact on ideas of preferred professional qualifications, behaviors, personal qualities and its links to career possibilities and innovation. The underlying theoretical assumption is that gender is a fundamental element of organisational structure and work life; “present in [its] processes, practices, images and ideologies, and distribution of power” (Acker 1992, p. 567). The way that gender plays out in the daily life in a workplace is understood as not being a static barrier prohibiting women in general, rather, it is considered fluid, relational and may vary depending on the context (Meyerson & Fletcher 2001, Bendl and Schmidt 2010). It is argued that the concept ”fire wall” (Bendl and Schmidt 2010 ), offers a fruitful way to highlight the elasticity and permeability that we believe characterize the forms of discrimination, inclusion and exclusion that takes place in these processes.

    References

    Acker, J. 1992. Gendering Organisational Theory. In Mills, A. and Tancered, P. (eds.). Gendering Organisational Analysis. London: SAGE.

    Acker, J. 2006. Inequality Regimes: Gender, Class, and Race in Organisations. Gender and Society 20(4):441-464.

    Balkmar, D. & Lykke, N. 2015. Developing disruptive norm-critical innovation at Volvo: FINAL REPORT. Linköping: Tema Genus Report Series No. 23: 2015.

    Bendl, R. & Schmidt. 2012. From 'Glass Ceilings' to 'Firewalls' - Different Metaphors for Describing Discrimination. Gender, Work and Organization. Vol. 17. No 5:612-635.

    Meyerson, D. & Fletcher J.K. 2001. A Modest Manifesto for Shattering the Glass Ceiling. Boston: Harvard Business Review.

     

  • 26.
    Armstrong, Jo
    et al.
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Strid, Sofia
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Walby, Sylvia
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Context Study Ireland2008Report (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Armstrong, Jo
    et al.
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Strid, Sofia
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Walby, Sylvia
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Issue Histories Ireland: Series of Timelines of Policy Debates2007Report (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Armstrong, Jo
    et al.
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Walby, Sylvia
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Strid, Sofia
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Intersectionality and the quality of gendered employment policy2009Report (Other academic)
  • 29. Armstrong, Jo
    et al.
    Walby, Sylvia
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The gendered division of labour: how can we assess the quality of employment and care policy from a gender equality perspective?2009In: Benefits: a Journal of Social Security Research, Policy And Practice, ISSN 0962-7898, E-ISSN 1741-7325, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 263-275Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Evaluating the quality of employment and care policy in relation to gender equality is important given the continuing inequalities between men and women in paid and unpaid work. However, assessment raises dilemmas: quality according to what criteria; quality for whom; and quality of what? It is proposed here that good quality means transformation in gender relations towards an equal distribution of paid and unpaid work, equal pay and de-segregation; that sensitivity to differences between women is required, but not the adoption of different quality standards; and that working towards the goal of transformation demands consideration of several interconnected policy arenas. Assessing quality is difficult; but it is possible - and it is crucial to achieving gender equality.

  • 30.
    Arnell, Linda
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Creative methods, sensitive talk and ethical issues : Experiences from a research project on girls’ and young women’s violence2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Arnell, Linda
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Girls’ Violence2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Arnell, Linda
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Narrating family : Talk about a troublesome girlhood within the Swedish context2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Arnell, Linda
    Department of Social Work and Umeå Centre for Gender Studies, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Narrating family: Talk about a troublesome girlhood within the Swedish context2017In: Nordic girlhoods: new perspectives and outlooks / [ed] Bodil Formark, Heta Mulari, Myry Voipio, Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, 1, p. 161-178Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter Linda Arnell examines how conceptions and norms regarding families and family patterns influence girls’ lives and the constructions of their subjectivity. Arnell focuses on 18-year-old Amanda’s narrative about her families and her troublesome upbringing. The narrative is understood as a continuous creation in relation to a broader societal narrative that occurs in intra-action with the researcher, and in relation to discursive possibilities and constraints. Through this one narrative the chapter examines how normative ideas about family can be understood as regulatory power structures that are ever-present in a complex and troubled narrative about family, girlhood, and a girl with experience of acting out.

  • 34.
    Arnell, Linda
    Department of Social Work, and the Gender Research School at Umeå Centre for Gender Studies (UCGS), Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    The (Dys)Functionality of Girls' and Young Women's Violence2017In: Affilia, ISSN 0886-1099, E-ISSN 1552-3020, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 543-556Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how professionals talk about girls' and young women's use of violence; more specifically, how violence is constructed and conceptualized and its effects on social work practice. The data analyzed consist of focus group sessions with 11 professionals within social and youth work. The findings revealed that violence is conceptualized through interpretative repertoires as social functionality, psychological functionality, or dysfunctionality, which affect the professionals' conceptualizations of violence and social work practice. Accordingly, a multifaceted understanding of violence is needed, otherwise girls' and young women's violent acts risk being diminished and made into an individual problem to solved.

  • 35.
    Arnell, Linda
    et al.
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Rönnbäck, Julia
    Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Andersson Vogel, Maria
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Milles, Karin
    Södertörn högskola.
    Gränslandsflickor: Samhällsvetenskaplig forskning om samtida ung femininitet2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sessionen kommer att utgå från en kritisk diskussion om flicka, flickskap och ung femininiet i gränslandet respektive på gränsen. Sedan 1980­-talet har flickforskning växt fram till en tvärvetenskapligt och ganska spretigt forskningsområde med fokus på vad som kan kallas flickor, tjejer respek­tive unga kvinnor. Vid g12 och g14 deltog forskningsnätverket FlickForsk! Nordic Network for Girlhood Studies för att lyfta flickforskningen som kunska­psfält samt diskutera dess bidrag till det genusvetenskapliga fältet. Under g16 är det dags att återvända till denna gång, men med en mer specificerad utgångspunkt. Denna gång samlar sessionen samhällsvetenskapliga for­skare som arbetar med ung samtida femininitet för att, med utgångspunkt i konferenstemat, lyfta en kritisk diskussion om flicka, flickskap och ung femininitet i gränslandet. Utgångspunkten för dikussionen är teoretiska betraktelser av flickskapets gränser med utgånspunkt i kvalitativa studier av flickors och unga kvinnors erfarenheter och livsberättelser. Sessionen kommer att sammanföra forskare från olika ämnestillhörigheter och syf­tar till en fördjupad diskussion om den samhällsvetenskapliga flickforsk­ningen genom att diskutera och problematisera de samhällsutmaningar vi står inför i relation till flickskapets gränser. Sessionen kommer att inledas med 4­5 kortare presentationer av pågående forskning. Deltagarnas for­skningsområden handlar om unga mammors förhandlande av vuxenhet, unga kvinnors berättelser om svåra livshändelser, flyktingtjejers relation till och resonemang om idrott, gränslandstillvaron för flickor inom låst institutionsvård samt flickors våld som gränsöverskridande ung femi­ninitet och motstånd. En diskussion mellan sessionsdeltagarna kommer därefter att ta vid.

  • 36.
    Arnell, Linda
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Vogel, Maria A
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Introducing the Lives of Girls in a European Context and Beyond: Agency, Social Vulnerability and Welfare Measures2021In: Living like a girl: Agency, social vulnerability and welfare measures in Europe and beyond / [ed] Maria A Vogel; Linda Arnell, New York: Berghahn Books, 2021, p. 1-12Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Axelsson, Tobias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Att tolka och praktisera jämställdhet i förskola och grundskola: Slutrapport av projektet Forskningsbaserad samverkan – med målet att förbättra jämställdhetsarbetet i Askersunds kommuns förskolor och grundskolor2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport är att beskriva och problematisera hur jämställdhet uppfattas och hur jämställdhetsarbete bedrivs i förskola och grundskola. Rapporten har gjorts i och på uppdrag från Askersunds kommun och behandlar följande forskningsfrågor:

    1. Vilka förståelser och upplevelser av jämställdhet och ojämställdhet har elever?

    2. Hur uppfattar pedagoger sitt jämställdhetsuppdrag?

    3. Hur praktiserar pedagoger sitt jämställdhetsuppdrag?

    4. Vilka förståelser finns av jämställdhet i centrala dokument om förskola och grundskola på kommunal nivå?

    Utifrån 28 observationsdagar (i årskurs två, fem och nio), nitton intervjuer (med arbetslag i grundskola, pedagoger i förskola och grundskola samt elever i årskurs nio) och dokumentanalyser undersöks särskilt hur pedagoger tolkar och praktiserar jämställdhet. Rapportens resultat visar: 1) att elever är positivt inställda till jämställdhet och har erfarenheter av ojämställdhet, 2) att det finns stora skillnader mellan om och hur pedagoger tolkar jämställdhetsuppdraget, 3) att pedoger varierar mellan att använda sig att könsavkodade och reflexiva/synliggörande jämställdhetsstrategier, 4) att jämställdhet förstås dels som en administrativ rutinåtgärd och dels som ett problemorienterat arbete. Rapporten rekommenderar ett intersektionellt jämställdhetsarbete som pendlar mellan att betrakta utbildning som, om respektive för jämställdhet.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Axelsson, Tobias K. (2019) Att tolka och praktisera jämställdhet i förskola och grundskola
  • 38.
    Axelsson, Tobias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Del 1: Föräldraskapsstöd och jämställdhet. [Inspelad föreläsning]2020Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är den första föreläsningen i en serie av tre föreläsningar om jämställt föräldraskapsstöd. Föreläsningarna har gjorts på uppdrag av Länsstyrelserna. Denna föreläsning berör relationen mellan föräldraskapsstödspolitik och jämställdhetspolitik.

  • 39.
    Axelsson, Tobias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Del 2: Anpassade insatser för pappor. [Inspelad föreläsning]2020Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är den andra föreläsningen i en serie av tre föreläsningar om jämställt föräldraskapsstöd. Föreläsningarna har gjorts på uppdrag av Länsstyrelserna. Denna föreläsning berör anpassade insatser för pappor.

  • 40.
    Axelsson, Tobias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Del 3: Hur ska vi göra för att främja ett jämställt föräldraskap? [Inspelad föreläsning]2020Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är den tredje föreläsningen i en serie av tre föreläsningar om jämställt föräldraskapsstöd. Föreläsningarna har gjorts på uppdrag av Länsstyrelserna. Denna föreläsning berör olika insatser som syftar till att främja ett jämställt föräldraskapsstöd.

  • 41.
    Axelsson, Tobias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    'Fathers' Spaces': Making Room for Fathering Between Care and Privileges2011In: GEXcel Work in Progress Report Volume XV. Proceedings from GEXcel Theme 9: Gendered Sexualed Transnationalisations, Deconstructing the Dominant: Transforming men, "centres" and knowledge/policy/practice / [ed] Alp Biricik & Jeff Hearn, Linköping/Örebro, 2011, p. 67-78Conference paper (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    GEXcel Work in Progress Report 9
  • 42.
    Axelsson, Tobias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Instruments to foster long-term paternal involvement in family work: Fostering paternal involvement, gender equality and caring masculinities2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses recent parenting policies – parental leave and formal childcare policies – in Sweden and Germany. It argues that parenting policies can support paternal involvement, gender equality and caring masculinities, although with some limitations. The paper recommends an increased focus of men as fathers, children's needs, and time in parenting policies.  

    Download full text (pdf)
    Axelsson, Tobias K. (2018) Fostering paternal involvement, gender equality and caring masculinities
  • 43.
    Axelsson, Tobias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Kan man forska om pappor och föräldraskapsstöd utan genusteori?2020In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 97, no 2, p. 208-222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to contribute to the dialogue between socio-medical and gender theoretical approaches to parenting support. The article draws on a text analysis of how fathers are described in three Swedish PhD dissertations on fathers’ experiences of parenting support. The analysis identifies four portrayals of fathers: 1) as excluded; 2) as in need; 3) as ambivalent agents in meetings with parenting professionals; 4) as part of a ‘we’. These portrayals of fathers are analyzed in relation to how gender theoretical perspectives and concepts are applied in the dissertations. The article suggests a deepened dialogue between socio-medical and gender theoretical perspectives, which in turn may contribute to a gender equal and gender equality supportive parenting support.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Kan man forska om pappor och föräldraskapsstöd utan genusteori?
  • 44.
    Axelsson, Tobias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Marion Pajumets: Post-Socialist masculinities, identity work, and social change: An analysis of discursive (re)constructions of gender identity in novel socialsituations2013In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 189-194Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Axelsson, Tobias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Men's parental leave in Sweden: policies, attitudes, and practices2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report takes its points of departure in Sweden and, more specifically, in research on parental leave for fathers in Sweden. It summarizes and draws upon selected publications written in English, Swedish, and – in a few cases – Norwegian. It contributes to the Austrian research project ‘Paternity leave: Impacts on male careers’ by presenting previous research and discussing crucial political, societal, and research concerns related to men’s parental leave in Sweden. Its aim is to give an account of policies, attitudes and practices related to parental leave for fathers in contemporary Sweden. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    Axelsson, Tobias (2014) Men's parental leave in Sweden
  • 46.
    Axelsson, Tobias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Norm-critique as revitalizer of gender equality? Local policy actors’ norm-critical understandings of Swedish preschool’s gender-equality mission2023In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy, ISSN 2002-0317, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 101-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade, the notion of norm-critique has had an impact on Swedish educational policymaking, including the gender-equality mission of the Swedish preschool. The aim is to better understand and problematize the relationship between gender equality, as formal curricular content, and norm-critique, as informal curricular content, in educational policymaking in the field of Swedish preschool. The paper asks: What understandings are ascribed to the notion of norm-critique in relation to Swedish preschool’s gender-equality mission? Theoretically, the paper draws on the concept of epistemological understandings and the dynamic between epistemologies of gender equality and norm-critique. In terms of materials and methods, three focus group discussions with 13 preschool managers, here conceptualized as local policy actors, were analysed. The main finding is that these local policy actors view the notion of norm-critique as a revitalizer of the gender-equality mission of the Swedish preschool. A first conclusion is that the notion of norm-critique enhances the gender-equality mission because it might help local policy actors to view gender equality from a broader perspective and in relation to other, intersecting causes of inequality. A second, and somewhat contradictory, conclusion is that the notion of norm-critique risks undermining the gender-equality mission by replacing it.

  • 47.
    Axelsson, Tobias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    När män möts som pappor: Fadrandets politik och praktik i det jämställda och pappavänliga Sverige2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses how fathering is done and how fathers are constructed through the separate organising of men as fathers in meeting places for fathers on parental leave in Sweden. The study is located within the Swedish gender regime, characterised by its dual-earner/dual-carer model, progressive parenthood and daddy politics, and universally-oriented parenting support, making it a relatively gender-equal and father-friendly society.

    Theoretically and methodologically, the thesis draws on a feminist perspective. It uses ‘doing gender’ theory, and is informed by critical realism. The material is based on 25 observations at two fathering spaces, seven semi-structured interviews with fathers, and six policy documents on parenting support. Qualitative content analysis is used to analyse the material.

    The findings show: first, meeting places for fathers on parental leave can be understood as fathering spaces. Second, these fathering spaces are child-oriented settings and constitute somewhat of an exception within gender-neutral gender regimes. Third, fathering spaces function as transitional sites in which fathers manage different aspects of responsibility and relations to their own selves, to children, to mothers, and to other fathers. Fourth, three approaches to separate organising of men as fathers are identified: a) anti-separate; b) pro-separate; and c) gender paradoxical. The identified arguments for separate organising can be located along two parallel continua: one that stretches from individual to collective argumentation, and another that stretches from general to gender-specific argumentation.

    The thesis contributes to research on childcare and masculinities, and fathers’ experiences of parental leave, and to knowledge about separate organising of men as fathers. It also contributes to research and policy debates on daddy politics and parenting support by critically discussing fathering in terms of autonomy, dependence, and masculinity politics.

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    När män möts som pappor: Fadrandets politik och praktik i det jämställda och pappavänliga Sverige
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  • 48.
    Axelsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Callerstig, Anne-Charlott
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Sandström, Lina
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Qualitative indications of inequalities produced by COVID-19 and its policy responses: RESISTIRÉ 1st cycle summary report.2021Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This report on qualitative indications of inequalities reports on the identification of inequalities produced by COVID-19 and/or (re)produced by its policy responses. It is based on the collection and analysis of qualitative data identified within the framework developed in RESISTIRÉ. It derives from extensive, mixed methods to gather data in the project’s first of three research cycles. It includes workshops and interviews with inequality experts, and narrative interviews with individual people living throughout Europe. These provide us with insights on the impact of COVID from both professional and personal perspectives, including the insights and experiences from experts in civil society, experts in public authorities, academics, and the individual stories of lived experiences during COVID-19. These insights allow us to analyse the behavioural, economic, social, and environmental impacts of COVID-19 from a gender+ perspective and on vulnerable/marginalised groups. Through this data collection and analysis, the report provides analytical insights during the second year of the outbreak.  

  • 49.
    Axelsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Frödén, Sara
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Mellan styrning och pedagogisering: En analys av hur förskolans ledningspersoner förstår förskolans jämställdhetsuppdrag2021In: Utbildning och Demokrati, ISSN 1102-6472, E-ISSN 2001-7316, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 59-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how local preschool managers – that is principals, heads of childcare and education departments, and chairs of childcare and education political committees – understand their gender equality mission. It is based on three focus groups with thirteen participants in three Swedish municipalities. Theoretically, the article conceptualises gender equality as simultaneously an ‘empty signifier’ and organisational process. The analysis shows that preschool managers understand gender equality on three levels: state/politically; municipal/organisationally; and practically/pedagogically. Based on the results of the empirical analyses, we suggest that further gender equality work in preschools needs to: find a balance between politicisation and administration; be organised horizontally and allow for knowledge transformation; and be actively led by preschool principals in order to not make pre-school teachers responsible for implementing the gender equality duty.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Mellan styrning och pedagogisering
  • 50.
    Axelsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Gunnarsson, Lena
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Extending the uses of Liisa's notion of 'non-event': The cases of gender equality work and sexual violence2020In: Does knowledge have a gender? A Festschrift for Liisa Husu on gender, science and academia / [ed] Sofia Strid, Dag Balkmar, Jeff Hearn, Louise Morley, Örebro: Örebro University , 2020, p. 390-401Chapter in book (Other academic)
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