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  • 1.
    Alsarve, Daniel
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Sport Science.
    Addressing gender equality: enactments of gender and hegemony in the educational textbooks used in Swedish sports coaching and educational programmes2018In: Sport, Education and Society, ISSN 1357-3322, E-ISSN 1470-1243, Vol. 23, no 9, p. 840-852Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sport is often described as a field containing competitive and hierarchy shaping activities. However, in Sweden and elsewhere, this field is also permeated by democratic principles where, for example, everybody has the right to participate in children’s and youth sports regardless of gender, ethnicity or physical ability. In Sweden, there are distinct objectives for gender equality, where women/girls and men/boys should ideally be treated and recognised equally. The aim of this paper is twofold: to examine how gender is enacted in the textbooks used in Swedish sports coaching and educational programmes and to identify whether any of the enactments reflect a hegemonic masculinity. The textbooks used in two of the most extensive courses arranged by the Swedish Sports Confederation, ‘The Platform’ [Plattformen] and ‘Basic Coach Education’ [Grundtränarutbildning] are in focus. The theoretical framework and methodological approach are inspired by research on sport, gender and the hegemonic masculinity thesis. In the process of analysis, the hegemonic perspective is central. During the analysis, four themes are identified as expressions of a hegemonic masculinity and, thus, as obstacles to gender equality. Firstly, the binary sex norm poses a real challenge for the implementation of gender equality because it helps to shape a hierarchy that privileges men and masculinities. Secondly and thirdly, the themes ‘puberty’ and ‘the coach’ appear to be important, in that they support and contest a gendered hierarchy. Finally, there are examples of men, like sport coaches, appearing as genderless, which is interpreted as a hegemonic acceptance of the category of men (as universal and genderless subjects). By critically illuminating these themes, the paper adds to the wider research field of sport, coaching and education programmes and the complexity of gender mainstreaming in sport.

  • 2.
    Alsarve, Daniel
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Föreställningar om maskuliniteter och feminiteter i idrottens ledarskapslitteratur2015In: Program SVEBI 2015 / [ed] Håkan Larsson och Marie Öhman, Växjö: Linnéuniversitet , 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Trots att svensk idrott länge har haft ett övergripande jämställdhetsmål där kvinnor och män, pojkar och flickor ska ha samma villkor (RF, 1989, 2005, 2011) så går förändringsarbetet trögt. Detta förklaras ofta av att många idrottsgrenar bär en tradition där män dominerat med följden att normer och handlingar som förknippas med ”kvinnliga” egenskaper värderas lägre (se t ex Fundberg, 2003; Messner, 1992). Ett viktigt incitament för förändring är utbildning och inom idrottens (SISU:s) ledar-skapsutbildningar finns två ”grundutbildningar”: Plattformen och grundtränarutbildningen. Men möjliggör eller förhindrar innehållet i dessa utbildningar förändringar mot en mer jämställd idrott?

    Syfte & teoretisk ram: I detta paper studeras hur kön/genus represente-ras i litteraturen i dessa utbildningar med fokus på att synliggöra komplexiteter/motsägelsefullheter. Syftet är att utreda om och i så fall hur litteraturens innehåll utmanar eller bekräftar en traditionell, ste-reotypisk föreställning om mäns och manligheters dominans över kvinnor och kvinnligheter och om innehållet således bidrar till eller hindrar möjligheterna för en mer jämställd idrott. Teoretiskt bildar forskning om hegemoniska maskuliniteter (Connell 1983, 1996) och mäns hegemonier (Hearn, 2004) ramverk för analysen.

    Metod: Genom textanalys och ett diskursivt perspektiv studeras fyra böcker inom de ovan nämnda natio-nella utbildningarna. Dessutom används i viss utsträckning även kursernas powerpoint-presentatio-ner som underlag för analysen.

    Resultat: De preliminära resultaten visar att män skildras både stereotypiskt och som normbrytare genom att till exempel trösta och hålla om barn. Samtidigt reproducerar texterna ett binärt könssystem som tenderar att underordna kvinnor och kvinnlighet. Kvinnans kropp beskrivs som mindre kapabel och sämre utrustad för fysisk ansträngning. Detta gör också att attityden till kvinnor som kunskapsbärande och kunskapsproducerande subjekt påverkas.

    Diskussion: Diskussionen fokuserar på hur innehållet i denna litteratur tenderar att både reproducera och i viss mån utmana mäns och manligheters dominans inom idrotten. Samtidigt finns det något motsägelsefullt i att män bryter mot en traditionellt manlig norm eftersom detta snarare tenderar att omskapa en ny form av hegemoni (Connell 1983, 1996). Detta kan förklara trögföränderligheten hos hegemoniska mas-kuliniteter och ger således ny kunskap om jämställdhetsarbetets utmaningar.

  • 3.
    Alsarve, Daniel
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Review of Men of the World: genders, globalizations, transnational times by Jeff Hearn2016In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 66-68Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Alsarve, Daniel
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    The Art of Being Big, Strong and Full of Power: Swedish Combat Sports, Norms and Gender from the 1990s up until today2016In: 9th Meeting of the Transnational Working Group for the Study of Gender and Sport: 24th-26th November 2016, Bochum, Germany, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Generally, men have dominated the field of modern sports. Consequently, many sports carry associations where traditional ‘male’ characteristics and qualities are valued and traditional ‘female’ characteristics and qualities are devalued (see eg Messner, 1992). More precisely, many sports ‘create’ men and ideals of masculinities. In this paper combat sports (MMA, boxing, karate, Japanese jujitsu etcetera) are studied as examples of sports that shape gender and body ideals. Combat sports express at least two typical ideals of masculinity: muscle strength and (sanctioned) control of violence (Brace-Govan , 2004; Gill, 2007). Women who have exercised these sports have thus been challenging men’s ‘monopoly’ of being strong, big, violent and powerful and other traditionally ‘male’ norms. The aim of this paper is to study, from a gender perspective, how Swedish combat sports have changed since the 1990s. The main question is: How is the increased number of women in combat sports to be understood? Is it a sign of a (feminist) emancipation or has the inclusion of women been on exclusive terms - that is, do men’s domination find new ways to exercise its powers? In the end, this paper also raises questions of the changing contents of violence and muscularity. In so far, the material consists of focus group interviews and individual interviews with combat sports women, from the elite to the recreational level. Magazines will be analysed during 2016-2017. Theoretically, the paper draws on theories of hegemony and gender (Connell, 1983, 2005, Hearn, 2015). The preliminary results show that women, on one hand, portray active subjects that challenge male (sporting) traditions and male norms. Combat sports, some women tell, are increasing ones self-esteem and self-confidence. On the other hand, the female versions of combat sports are not taken as seriously as the male version, which becomes obvious by lower compensation and less media attention. Women are also expected to act as feminine subjects and are thereby ‘forced’ to relate their bodies, clothes etcetera to social and more general understandings of feminine ideals (cf. Clasen, 2001).

  • 5.
    Alsarve, Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Boye, Katarina
    Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Roman, Christine
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The crossroads of equality and biology: The child’s best interests and constructions of motherhood and fatherhood in Sweden2016In: Couples' Transition to Parenthood: Analysing Gender and Work in Europe / [ed] D. Grunow, M. Evertsson, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, 1, p. 79-100Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender equality has been an important policy goal for more than four decades in Sweden and is commonly seen as an integral part of the Swedish welfare state. However, the gender division of work is still reproduced both in and out of paid work. In this chapter, we analyse interviews with 40 Swedish women and men (20 couples) to explore how norms regarding what is in the child’s best interest enter into decisions concerning parental care, childcare and paid work, and links to social construction of motherhood and fatherhood. A key notion in the interviews was shared parenting. It was seen as highly important that the child gets close, strong ties to both its mother and father. A second, and related, notion was that it is in the interest of the child to have an engaged and caring father, implying a new kind of fatherhood. The ideas on shared parenting and the engaged father were sometimes linked to ideas on gender equality, but sometimes they went hand in hand with more traditional notions of motherhood and fatherhood. Motherhood was, on the one hand, constructed as distinct from fatherhood and closely related to female biology. On the other hand, motherhood was constructed to fit with women’s identities as independent and work-oriented. The interviews seem to reflect a recent political and cultural development where major changes have occurred regarding fatherhood norms but where less has happened regarding motherhood norms. Gender equality was, however, one central factor that the couples took into account in their plans for the future. About half of the interviewed couples planned to share parental leave equally or wanted to share equally but were open to being flexible, for instance in regard to possible changes in their employment or financial situation. Licensed childcare was the obvious childcare arrangement after the parental leave period was over and was perceived as beneficial to the child’s development. Unlike parents in many other countries, parents in Sweden can rely on a system of social policies that are developed and adjusted to facilitate the lives of dual-earner/dual-carer families.

  • 6.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Faculty of Social Sciences, Lillehammer University College, Lillehammer, Norway.
    Hansson, Per
    Department of Education, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    At the end of the road?: On differences between women and men in leadership behavior2011In: Leadership & Organization Development Journal, ISSN 0143-7739, E-ISSN 1472-5347, Vol. 32, no 5, p. 328-341Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This study aims to explore behavioural differences between women and men in managerial positions and suggest explanations for differences and similarities.

    Design/methodology/approach – In order to eliminate any effects of organizational differences on leadership behaviour, this study had public managers responding to questionnaires that measured their leadership style, decision-making style, and motivation profile.

    Findings – Statistical analyses of data from three groups of Swedish public managers (n=385) revealed virtually no significant differences in behaviour between female and male managers. Regardless of whether there is a female or male majority of employees or a female or male majority of managers, no effect on leadership behaviour occurs.

    Originality/value – A number of studies indicate that managers' behaviour is different in different types of organizations. This study suggests, therefore, that, independent of gender, organizational and demographic characteristics modify leadership behaviours, thus explaining similarities in leadership behaviour.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Cecilia
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    ”… inget är viktigare än att låta barnen vara barn!”: - En kritisk diskursanalys av nätbaserat motstånd mot genuspedagogik i förskolan2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    “Allt började med en sockerbit!”: ett diskursivt perspektiv på unga mäns berättelser om eget våldsutövande2010In: Locus, ISSN 1100-3197, no 2-3, p. 77-90Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Constructing and being ‘the Other’: young men’s talk on ethnic racist violence2013In: Social inequality & the politics of representation: a global landscape / [ed] Celine-Marie Pascale, Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Gola aldrig!: pedofilen som undantag2012In: Andra män: maskulinitet, normskapande och jämställdhet / [ed] Lucas Gottzén & Rickard Jonsson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2012, p. 135-148Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Andersson, Kjerstin
    et al.
    Department of Thematic Studies (Child Studies), Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. .
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Department of Government, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hearn, Jeff
    Department of Thematic Studies (Gender Studies), Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Hanken School of Economics, Helsinki, Finland; University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK.
    Mediated communications of violence: the example of “happy slapping”2011In: Journal of Children and Media, ISSN 1748-2798, E-ISSN 1748-2801, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 230-234Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Information and communication technologies (ICTs) afford new possibilities for complex interactions among young people. An Internet user can be both a consumer (receiver) and a producer (sender) of mediated communication, asynchronously or simultaneously—such as someone who both uploads and watches video clips on YouTube (von Feilitzen, 2009). “And between these two extremes—the reception and sender roles— the user can be interacting or participating to different extents, for example, in games and in communities owned, maintained and copywrited by someone else” (von Feilitzen, 2009, p. 36). Communication and socializing in virtual online and real offline life through ICTs provides new dimensions to young peoples’ “identity experiments and identity formation” (p. 38). As discussed by Wellman (2001), the “social affordances of computerized communication networks” provide youth with many possibilities for new forms of production and consumption of violence in and through media technology. In this Commentary we aim to outline some important, yet relatively underdeveloped, aspects of research that connect new media, violence, and young people.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Renée
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The myth of Sweden’s success: A deconstructive reading of the discourses in gender mainstreaming texts2017In: The European Journal of Women's Studies, ISSN 1350-5068, E-ISSN 1461-7420Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates discourses of Sweden's success in gender mainstreaming. Using the theoretical concept of myth, discourse analysis is performed on different categories of texts (including academic texts, grey papers and official reports). The aim is to analyse how this discourse of success is constructed and to increase the understanding of its components. The themes identified in the reading include adaptation, integration, volume and initiatives. In conclusion, it is argued that a conflation of gender mainstreaming (viewed as a strategy) with gender equality (as a policy objective) has been a vital part of the construction of Sweden as the best case of gender mainstreaming.

  • 13.
    Andersson, Renée
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Center for Feminist Studies (CFS); Örebro Research School of Public Affairs (FOVU).
    The Question of Feminism in Gender Mainstreaming: A Case of Non-conflict in Local Politics2015In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 203-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses gender equality and how and why a gender mainstreaming strategy avoids the question of gender conflict. The making of gender-equality work is studied by investigating how feminism is talked about and rejected in a specific gender mainstreaming project in the municipality of Örebro, Sweden. Drawing upon the theoretical concepts of hegemony and discourse, the focus is on the silences—the unspoken questions and problems—surrounding the project. I examine how the exclusion of feminism and conflict is articulated when gender mainstreaming is introduced as a new way of doing gender-equality work in the municipality. The struggles identified show that feminism is rejected because it is seen as being in opposition to (1) professionalism and (2) legitimate political issues. I conclude that within the local discourse of gender mainstreaming there is a notion that this form of gender-equality work ought to be performed without harmful or threatening gender conflicts. This means that the strategy of gender mainstreaming constitutes a short-cut to bypass controversial problems like equal treatment, special efforts for women, and men's privileges in gender-equality work.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Renée
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Hedlund, Gun
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Att göra kön i kommunal politik: lokala variationer av gender mainstreaming och kvinnofrid2014In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 35, no 2-3, p. 55-80Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Armstrong, Jo
    et al.
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Strid, Sofia
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Walby, Sylvia
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Context Study Ireland2008Report (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Armstrong, Jo
    et al.
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Strid, Sofia
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Walby, Sylvia
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Issue Histories Ireland: Series of Timelines of Policy Debates2007Report (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Armstrong, Jo
    et al.
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Walby, Sylvia
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Strid, Sofia
    Lancaster University, UK.
    Intersectionality and the quality of gendered employment policy2009Report (Other academic)
  • 18. Armstrong, Jo
    et al.
    Walby, Sylvia
    Strid, Sofia
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The gendered division of labour: how can we assess the quality of employment and care policy from a gender equality perspective?2009In: Benefits: a Journal of Social Security Research, Policy And Practice, ISSN 0962-7898, E-ISSN 1741-7325, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 263-275Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Evaluating the quality of employment and care policy in relation to gender equality is important given the continuing inequalities between men and women in paid and unpaid work. However, assessment raises dilemmas: quality according to what criteria; quality for whom; and quality of what? It is proposed here that good quality means transformation in gender relations towards an equal distribution of paid and unpaid work, equal pay and de-segregation; that sensitivity to differences between women is required, but not the adoption of different quality standards; and that working towards the goal of transformation demands consideration of several interconnected policy arenas. Assessing quality is difficult; but it is possible - and it is crucial to achieving gender equality.

  • 19.
    Axelsson, Tobias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    'Fathers' Spaces': Making Room for Fathering Between Care and Privileges2011In: GEXcel Work in Progress Report Volume XV. Proceedings from GEXcel Theme 9: Gendered Sexualed Transnationalisations, Deconstructing the Dominant: Transforming men, "centres" and knowledge/policy/practice / [ed] Alp Biricik & Jeff Hearn, Linköping/Örebro, 2011, p. 67-78Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Axelsson, Tobias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Marion Pajumets: Post-Socialist masculinities, identity work, and social change: An analysis of discursive (re)constructions of gender identity in novel socialsituations2013In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 189-194Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Axelsson, Tobias
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Men's parental leave in Sweden: policies, attitudes, and practices2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report takes its points of departure in Sweden and, more specifically, in research on parental leave for fathers in Sweden. It summarizes and draws upon selected publications written in English, Swedish, and – in a few cases – Norwegian. It contributes to the Austrian research project ‘Paternity leave: Impacts on male careers’ by presenting previous research and discussing crucial political, societal, and research concerns related to men’s parental leave in Sweden. Its aim is to give an account of policies, attitudes and practices related to parental leave for fathers in contemporary Sweden. 

  • 22.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    A common education-for-all and life-long learning?: Reflections on inclusion, equity and integration2014In: Theory and methodology in international comparative classroom studies / [ed] Berit H. Johnsen, Kristiansand: Cappelen Damm Høyskoleforlaget, 2014, p. 225-243Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two important reasons are often presented to account for the significant organizational shift at the compulsory educational level and for ways in which continuing education is conceptualized in many parts of the world in the post-World War II period. These two encompass ideologies related to a “common education-for-all” and a “life-long learning” perspective. They have had far reaching consequences for both individuals and collectives. Even though access to schooling and learning opportunities over the life-span are unevenly distributed across the globe, a major transition has occurred during the last five-six decades: doors to formal education have become a feasibility (if not a reality) for all members of society. Formal education became a possibility for groups that were previously marginalized; for instance, girls, functionally disabled, economically disadvantaged, individuals in rural areas, immigrants, etc., and for the post-school and college going sections of the population.

    A common education-for-all young people including the life-long learning movement are, in different ways, understood as constituting fundamental principles that many democracies currently uphold. These conceptual traditions, based upon the notions of equity and human rights, have specific implications regarding (i) what is understood as legitimate in the conceptualization of human diversity and (ii) concomitantly how teaching and learning are organized for groups that previously stood outside the educational system/s. In other words, how human difference is conceptualized has a bearing upon how communities have historically organized education and/or provision for “different” groups. In addition and more significantly, as will be argued, what is meant by learning plays an important role in how education gets organized for some groups within the framework of a “common education-for-all”.

    This chapter takes the discourse of equity and rights as a point of departure in order to discuss how education for different groups of young people and adults in the post-World War II period has been organized, particularly in the contexts of the global North. Issues related to human difference, the meanings subscribed to different identity categories or constructs (for instance, immigrants, functional disability and gender) and the ways in which learning for different groups gets framed is of focal interest here. My aim here (and in current academic work) is to theorize what can be termed the “didactics of inclusion-equity-integration”. Thus for instance, an interest is to understand the basis on which education for different groups has been argued for and organized. Given that learning and instruction was organized differently for different groups in the pre-World War II era, an interest here is to try and tweeze out the ways in which exclusion and segregation currently get played out, particularly in the contexts of the global North. What kinds of knowledge about human diversity are seen as important, are privileged and are made relevant in educational contexts? What understandings of learning and instruction guide the organization of education and everyday practices in educational contexts? In other words, what are the didactics of inclusion, integration and equity? These constitute some of the issues that are explored here.

    Reflections on the themes attended to here arise from my previous and ongoing studies across different projects. The cumulative empirical work that the present chapter draws upon can be understood in terms of different long term ethnographically oriented projects that are framed within sociocultural and postcolonial perspectives and that furthermore invite intersectional analysis. In addition to these empirically driven research projects, the issues I raise here draw upon experiences from both large scale school developmental projects and national level work for Governmental and policy organisations since the mid-1990s.

  • 23.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Om att ”göra det omöjliga möjligt” och att ”brinna för kultur, ungdomar och kaffe”. [About ”making possible the impossible” and ”burning for culture, young people and coffee”]: en tredje position i samtal om inklusion och kritiska tankar kring representations-didaktik. [A third position in conversations about inclusion and critical thoughts about representational-didactics]2015In: Perspektiver om inkludering [Perspectives on inclusion] / [ed] Karen Bjerg Petersen, Aarhus: CURSIV, Institut for Uddannelse & Pædagogik, Aarhus Universitet. , 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Integrering, inkludering, jämställdhet och likvärdighet konstituerar fundamentala idéer inom ramen för demokratisering i stort i samhället och dess institutioner. Verksamheter som ungdomsskola, högskola, teater, vård, riksdag, mm men även arenor som professionsutbildningar och forskning (särskild inom tvärvetenskapliga fält såsom utbildningsvetenskap och vård och habilitering) är viktiga i detta sammanhang. Hur gränsdragningar sker i samtliga dessa arenor – skola, politik, vård, lärarutbildningen och inte minst forskning – spelar en viktig roll i vilka identiteter uppmärksammas som i längden har relevans för inklusion och det som jag kallar representations-didaktik.

    Tankar om pluralism och likvärdighet i ett samhället-för-alla, en-skola-för-alla och kultur-för-alla bygger på en grundläggande demokratisk idé om allas lika värde i dagens globaliserade tillvaro. Utbildningens nya kontext (och därmed även forskning om utbildningen i stort) i dagens globaliserade tillvaro utgör en dramatisk förändring som har konsekvenser för socialt liv och den mänskliga gemenskapen – från en möjlighet för några till en möjlighet för alla och från en kontext för en viss åldersgrupp till en kontext där hela livet innefattas. Även om de olika kulturella utrycksformer – dans, teater, musik, konst, mm – och dess konsumtion anses vara något för alla, förblir dessa stark begränsade till vissa i samhället. Det samma kan sägas om samhällets beslutsfattande institutioner i ”representativa demokratier”. Medan organ som riksdag, kommun fullmäktige, mm väls av alla och förväntas representera alla, finns det fortfarande en snäv representation av olikhet i dessa världen över.

    Den här artikeln tar avstamp i den forskningsverksamhet som jag ansvarar för inom ramen för det tvärvetenskapliga nätverket CCD (se www.oru.se/humes/ccd) och min egen forskning i såväl den globala Nord som den globala Syd (se www.oru.se/humes/sangeeta_bagga-gupta). Jag kommer, utifrån ett dekolonialt perspektiv och ett sociokulturellt ramverk kring människans kommunikation, lärande och identitet, specifikt att diskutera de föreställningar (eller metaforer) kring ”inkludering” och ”segregering” som vi lever med och som skapar förutsättningar för barn, unga och vuxna i en mängd olika institutionaliserade verksamheter. I artikeln tar jag upp exempel från mina projekt för att illustrera att våra uppfattningar om mänsklig identitet, mångfald och extrem-mångfald (En: super-diversity), inklusive ”en påhittad praxisgemenskap” (En: imaginary community, Andersson 1996), spelar en avgörande roll för samhällets planering och insatser för integrering, inkludering, jämställdhet och likvärdighet. I artikeln presenterar jag kort utgångspunkter som kännetecknar den härskande dikotomi inkludering-segregering, för att därefter gå vidare till ett tredje perspektiv kring människan och hennes potential till deltaganden i praxisgemenskaper. Jag argumenterar att det är väsentlig att gå bortom denna dikotomi såväl metaforisk som i hur samhället organiserar deltagande i sina institutioner. Jag introducerar en tredje position i samtalet om mänsklig gemenskap där omvänt-inklusion och representations-didaktik möjliggör nya föreställningar och institutionella ordningar när det gäller ett samhället-för-alla, en-skola-för-alla och kultur-för-alla.

  • 24.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    De osynliga slår tillbaka: Om cyklisters plats i en bilnormativ omgivning2014In: GRÄNSLØS TIDSKRIFT FÖR STUDIER AV ÖRESUNDSREGIONENS HISTORIA, KULTUR OCH SAMHÄLLSLIV, ISSN 2001-4961, no 4, p. 83-94Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här texten är att undersöka olika cyklisters föreställningar om cyklisters plats i bilsamhället och de förhandlingar de utför. När cykling marknadsförs görs det ofta i positiva ordalag med hänsyn till förbättrad hälsa och miljö. I den mediala rapporteringen om cykling i stor- och medelstora städer har det dock under senare år talats om problem såsom hot, våld och aggressivitet i ett allt intensivare och trängre trafikrum. I förlängningen är det relevant att ställa frågor om cyklisters plats i bilsamhället och vad konflikter och upplevd rädsla att cykla har för konsekvenser för den numera spridda ambitionen att öka cyklingen. 

  • 25.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Filosofiska fakulteten, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Drive-by shaming: reflections on the emotions on (dangerous) car driving2008In: Thinking with Beverly Skeggs / [ed] Annika Olsson, Stockholm: Centre for Gender studies, Stockholm University , 2008, 1, p. 9-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

        

  • 26.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Genusrelaterade perspektiv på polisbilskörning2011In: Utryckningsföraren / [ed] Jörgen Lundälv, Gävle: Meyers , 2011, p. 54-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Pia, som inte riktigt förstått varför Peter gjort den där handbromsvändningen och inte förstår varför de har så bråttom, försöker bestämma sig för hur hon ska agera. Hon känner sig rädd av den höga farten bland alla bilar och människor och önskar att Peter ville ta det lite lugnare. Hon känner hur skräcken griper tag i henne men kan inte på ett medvetet plan bli klok på om det är den höga farten som skrämmer henne eller om det är tanken på att säga till Peter att sakta farten" (Maria Gustafsson i ett kapitel om hjärnan i boken).

  • 27.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Filosofiska fakulteten, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Implicit men in traffic safety discourse: A life course perspective on (auto)mobility, violations and interventions2007In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 127-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is the first country in the world to have introduced the so-called Vision Zero (Nollvisionen): an ethical approach suggesting that road safety cannot be traded for mobility. Policy writings on traffic safety have so far been very limited in terms of explicitly addressing risk taking practices as mainly performed by men or as a way of performing masculinities. In this article I discuss how the gender-neutral language in traffic safety policy constructs adulthood as signifying maturity and good driving practices. In traffic safety policy, implicit adult men are contrasted against the young(er) drivers who are constructed as problematic to traffic safety. Rather than being about maturity or something that ‘just happens’ I suggest understanding (dangerous) driving as a repertoire for some men to perform masculinities linking it with power and entitlement.

    Still, not only dangerous driving practices per se are problematic to road safety. I argue that automobility needs to be understood as much more thoroughly affecting everyday life than is acknowledged in traffic safety discourse. A way of acknowledging the multiplicity of experiences and effects from automobility is to view it as a ‘process of damaging’. This perspective takes into consideration how automobility simultaneously enables and disables ‘safe’ mobility along lines of gender, age and able-bodiedness. Despite the fact that these problematic effects to some extent are acknowledged in policy, automobility remains a privileged mode of transportation in contemporary Sweden.

  • 28.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Kör så det ryker!: hälsorisker i samspelet mellan män, maskulinitet och bil2010In: Genus och kön inom medicin- och vårdutbildningar / [ed] Barbro Wijma, Goldina Smirthwaite, Katarina Swahnberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2010, 1, p. 401-413Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvinnor och män är delvis lika, delvis olika. Det innebär att kvinnor och män både har behov av likadan behandling och av behandling som är anpassad till det egna könets förutsättningar. Denna antologi belyser kvinnors och mäns förutsättningar och behov inom en rad olika medicinska områden och tar upp både biologiska och sociala faktorer som påverkar hälsa och behandling. Den behandlar även den roll som kön spelar inom vårdens arbetsliv samt hur köns- och genusperspektiv kan integreras inom olika typer av medicin- och vårdutbildningar. Ett av bokens teman är våld, kränkningar och diskriminering, och inom ramen för detta behandlas några av de olika maktordningar som kommer till uttryck vid behandlingar inom hälso- och sjukvården. Antologin har en stor spännvidd när det gäller ämnen och författare. Förhoppningsvis ska den bredd som antologin uppvisar, leda fram till frågeställningar där läsaren utmanar sina förgivettaganden inom både genusvetenskap och mer traditionell medicin samt väcka nya frågor: Om könet snarare ses som en konstruktion än en fysisk realitet - kan då kvinnor lika gärna äta mediciner som är utprovade på män och opereras med metoder och verktyg anpassade till mäns fysiologi? Å andra sidan - hur objektiv är den naturvetenskapligt inriktade medicinska forskningen egentligen om man börjar granska den utifrån frågeställningar om perspektivval och genus? Antologin vänder sig till lärare på utbildningar inom medicin, hälsa och vård. Andra målgrupper är studenter på sådana utbildningar, vårdpersonal och en intresserad allmänhet.

  • 29.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Manliga maktdemonstrationer i trafiken2017In: Ikaros, ISSN 1796-1998, no 3, p. 12-13Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Linköpings universitet, Tema Genus.
    Manlighetens pyspunka2009Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 31.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Negotiating the ‘plastic rocket’: masculinity, car styling and performance in the Swedish modified car community2014In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 166-177Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article adds new knowledge on the ways that car modifiers negotiate their cars in elation to design, power and performance as qualities that make cars attractive. Inorder to understand the complex ways in which masculinity and cars co-constitute asculine subjectivities and communities, the article uses the modifier-car as a tool to discuss how certain ways of modifying and personifying cars create links between masculinity and cars at risk in male-dominated communities. Despite the fact that modified cars may share the looks and sounds of typical racing cars – and therefore appear to encompass some of the most convincing elements of power in automobile systems, namely the capacity for risk-taking – it is rather an alleged lack of power ascribed to some versions of modified cars –the plastic rocket–that stand out as a risk to constructions of modifier masculinity. Viewed as a feminized car, the plastic rocket has come to be negotiated as an inauthentic, foreign, powerless and vulgarexample of modifying cars compared to the Swedish modified car community’s working-class self-image. At the very core of the plastic rocket is a threat to modifier masculinity which is the inability to back up one’s looks with strength. It is argued that the discourses formed around the plastic rocket indicate ‘queer’ possibilities in the ways cars extend male bodies.

  • 32.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Linköpings universitet, Tema Genus.
    Online/Offline with Virtual Garages2009In: GEXcel work in progress report. Vol. 6, Proceedings from GEXcel theme 2: Deconstructing the hegemony of men and masculinities : conference 27-29 April 2009 / [ed] Alp Biricik and Jeff Hearn, Linköping: Linköping University , 2009, , p. 6p. 91-96Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Riskfyllda relationer mellan män, maskulinitet och bilar2015In: Reflexen. En tidskrift om trafik, utveckling, människor och kunskap från Trafiktekniska Föreningen, ISSN 0284-0707, no 3, p. 5-7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    För de som är intresserade av samspelet mellan riskbenägenhet och kön/genus finns särskilt en relation som framstår som mer riskfylld än andra: män och bilar. Under senare år har mäns risktagande i trafiken uttryckligen formulerats som ett problem för en bristande trafiksäkerhet som får förödande konsekvenser för andra. Nationalföreningen för trafiksäkerhetens främjande (NTF) beskrev 2007 läget på följande vis: ”I den mån kvinnor förolyckas är det ofta män som kör ihjäl dem”. Vägverket (2003) uppskattade några år tidigare att grovt sett 90 procent av dödsolyckor med vägfordon orsakades av män. Mot denna bakgrund är det av vikt att förstå hur genus uttrycks genom bilar och hur bilar uttrycker genus. Det tycks föreligga ett flertal riskfyllda relationer att beakta som relaterar till bilkörning, bildesign och kön/genus. Här tas avstamp i mäns överrepresentation i olycksstatiken för att diskutera hur bilars design och kraft relaterar till kön, emotioner och makt.

  • 34.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Linköpings universitet, Linköping.
    Se upp - allt fler kvinnor kör som män!: Nollvisionen som diskurs och problemet män i trafiken2009In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, no 2-3, p. 97-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is the first country in the world to have introduced the so-called Vision Zero (Nollvisionen). This is an ethical approach suggesting that road safety cannot be traded for mobility. Since the beginning of mass-motoring, men have been over-represented in traffic safety statistics, in terms of both ‘causing’ accidents and casualties. Against the background of the Swedish Vision Zero, it is quite extraordinary how little attention work on traffic safety has paid to men’s over-representation in Swedish fatal road accidents (90%), and (auto)mobility as a way of doing gender. The present article discusses how men and women driver subjects are produced through the Vision Zero discourse, with a particular focus on how men in traffic are constructed. This is important since such constructions and modes of address affect possible interventions and ‘solutions’ regarding road safety issues. Here I focus on three contemporary documents of policy making character or with general impact: first, the Governmental Act 2003 on road safety intervention; second, a report from the Swedish Road Administration which is applying a gender equality discourse on transport; and third a brochure issued by the Road Administration addressed to the everyday road user. These documents constitute case material that is illustrative of the Vision Zero as a generative apparatus of gender discourse. The article brings attention to the ambiguous ways in which the Vision Zero may, on the one hand, explicitly address men as problematic driver subjects, as an explicitly gendered high risk category; and, on the other, make men and masculine norms implicit through the rendering of young(er) driver subjects as problematic. This also involves pointing out women as an up and coming high risk category. To improve road safety, the discursive effects of this configuration suggest allocating responsibility partly to the ‘system’, partly to women driver subjects – in effect, to women who drive like men – rather than the men driver subjects.

  • 35.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Spinning around the ”lycra-lout”2009In: Centrum med många riktningar: en vänbok till Gunilla Bjerén, Stockholm: Stockholms universitet , 2009, p. 11-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is politically and emotionally written in the vein of cycling, deeply intertwined with my own experiences of such a mundane, nevertheless risky, activity. Of late, cyclists have been regarded as disruptive and dangerous, and for at least a decade the cycling ”Lycra lout” has figured in Anglo-Saxon demonology. Simply put, ‘lycra lout’ is derogatory British slang for an arrogant, road-hogging cyclist supposedly sporty dressed up wearing lycra. In a Swedish context, we may talk of a similar figure, namely “cykelmarodören”, stylishly forcing his way through the busy streets of Stockholm city. Refusing wearing lycra, simply because it would make me look ridiculous, the joys I experience from scooting up the outer lane onto the oncoming traffic would nevertheless make me into a ‘lout’ - at least from the perspective of car drivers. Traffic, the scene of encounters through which I pedal my speedy bike affords not only excitements, it also brings relaxations. I write this text with a feeling of rest throughout my body –a welcomed reward the activity of cycling brings to wind up bodies located within academia. However, writing from the perspective of a male cyclist, this essay aims at bringing attention to risks and risk taking as a traditional aspect of performing masculine behaviour - to prove skill and potency - for example through sorting out a difficult and risky traffic situation.

  • 36.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Too many women?: Women and gender (in)equality in Swedish media2017In: Gender Equality and the Media: A Challenge for Europe / [ed] Karen Ross and Claudia Padovani, Abingdon Oxon/New York: Routledge, 2017, 1, p. 208-219Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Violent mobilities: men, masculinities and road conflicts in Sweden2018In: Mobilities, ISSN 1745-0101, E-ISSN 1745-011XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on violence(s) in traffic space as a gendered problem. It draws upon qualitative online studies and interviews with cyclists about their experiences of motorists’ violent practices, including cyclists’ negotiations of anti-cyclist discourses and their coping strategies. It is argued that automobility makes it possible for certain men to perform their ‘right to the road,’ including gender-identity-shaping practices, and that this has the negative effect of violating cyclists’ bodily integrity. It follows that a shift from cars to more sustainable mobilities also demands related shifts in masculinities and men’s practices in the context of transport and traffic.

  • 38.
    Balkmar, Dag
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Våld i trafiken: om cyklisters utsatthet för kränkningar, hot och våld i massbilismens tidevarv2014In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 35, no 2-3, p. 31-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When cyclists begin to take up more traffic space than before, conflicts appear. In Sweden, the media has reported on hatred against cyclists when describing the antagonism between (male) cyclists and (male) car drivers, as well as between cyclists and pedestrians, in traffic-dense environments. Despite the current political renaissance of cycling in Sweden, the proportion of personal trips in which the bike is the main mode of transport has remained largely unchanged over the past fifteen years. This has in part been linked to cyclists’ experiences of insecurity in traffic space. Therefore, conflicts between more or less vulnerable road users are becoming increasingly important to investigate in a society where car normativity needs to be challenged in favour of more sustainable travel. The aim of this article is to, based on media material, policy reports, interviews and cyclists’ online discussion-forums, study the situation of cyclists to discuss their situation in a car-normative environment from a gender and violence perspective. What forms of conflicts do cyclists negotiate in their everyday traffic environment? How can this be understood in relation to gender and violence? It is argued that cyclists are being positioned in contradictory ways: as vulnerable and exposed on the one hand, and as particularly dangerous road users in need of disciplining and interventions on the other. Not only do cyclists negotiate their situation by viewing themselves as drivers would, namely as more or less invisible. They are also subjected to what has been called ‘hatred’: discursive and even physical violence directed towards cyclists for taking up too much traffic space from motorists. Examples of (violent) resistance against and negotiation with the self-evident nature of (male) motorists’ entitlement to traffic space are given. In the final part of the paper I suggest that the violence needs to be understood as deeply embedded within larger gendered structural formations of mass motorism and traffic space.

  • 39.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Filosofiska fakulteten, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Iovanni, LeeAnn
    Department of sociology, Social Work and Organization, Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Pringle, Keith
    Mälardalen University College, Sweden.
    A Reconsideration of Two "Welfare Paradises": Research and Policy Responses to Men's Violence in Denmark and Sweden2009In: Men and Masculinities, ISSN 1097-184X, E-ISSN 1552-6828, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 155-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article compares the situation in Denmark and Sweden regarding research and policy making around the issue of men-s violence to women and children. It does so by drawing on two comprehensive reviews of academic and policy data in those countries that were part of a broader European Union-funded project. Although the picture emerging from this comparison is complex, the overall conclusion is that in Sweden over recent years many more examples can be found of a critical, power-oriented approach than is the case in Denmark.    

  • 40.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Joelsson, Tanja
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Burning rubber, marking territory: technology, auto-erotic desires and violating mobility2009In: Gender delight: science, knowledge, culture and writing … / [ed] Åsberg, Cecilia; Harrison, Katherine; Pernud, Björn; Gustavsson, Malena, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2009, p. 117-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Joelsson, Tanja
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Den bioniske mannen på autoerotiska äventyr: mäns risktagande i trafikrummet2010In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 27-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    “The bionic man goes autoerotic – theoretic keys towards a refined understanding of men’s risk taking in public space”

    Gender construction in relation to mobility and movement gives rise to intriguing questions regarding the interfaces between men, masculinity, technology, “danger” and risk-taking, especially when discussing issues of traffic safety. How can we conceptualize men’s risk taking practices within the traffic realm? By drawing on research from feminist science and technology studies, the authors suggest and develop the figuration the bionic man for how to understand cars and other mobile vehicles such as mopeds as extensions of the (male) body. The construction of masculinity is seen to be interlinked with the use and mastering of motor vehicles. This theoretical frame work is further analysed by introducing the concept of autoeroticism as a meaningful way for understanding the profound embodied and emotional relation between men, technologies of movement and risk taking. The authors argue that the emotional aspects of driving cars and riding mopeds need to be regarded as both vital and crucial aspects when studying men’s risk taking in traffic space.

  • 42.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Joelsson, Tanja
    Tema Genus, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Feeling the speed: the social and emotional investments in dangerous road practices2012In: Gender and change: power, politics and everyday practices / [ed] Maria Jansdotter Samuelsson, Clary Krekula, Magnus Åberg, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press , 2012, p. 37-52Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on gender aims to contribute towards a better society with the help of scientific tools. Change is therefore a key concept in gender studies. With a wide range of theoretical frameworks, methodological approaches and empirical materials from Sweden, Norway and Iceland, this book investigates how gender relations are shaped, reproduced, and challenged. Collectively, the papers in this volume point to where we are heading in terms of gender relations. Where are the seeds to change, and how does power make possible or impede on change?

  • 43.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Joelsson, Tanja
    Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sweden.
    The dangerous other?: Towards a contextual approach of men’s risk-taking with motor vehicles2014In: Masculinities in the criminological field: control, vulnerability and risk-taking / [ed] Ingrid Lander, Signe Ravn and Nina Jon, Farnham: Ashgate, 2014, 1, p. 187-202Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over recent decades criminological research has changed from a gender-blind discipline which equated crime with men and thus ignored questions about gender, to an approach that studied gender by showing statistical differences between men and women, and then finally to a more inclusive and elaborate gender-theoretical approach to crime and crime control. However, despite this development, research on gender - and in particular research on gendered norms and the construction and enactment of masculinities - within the criminological field has been unable to keep up with developments in gender research. Since 1990, only a few anthologies with a gender-theoretical orientation focusing on masculinities within the criminological research field have been published. Many of the theoretical developments in gender research still have difficulties in reaching into mainstream criminology, partly because such developments are often published in feminist and/or gender theoretical journals. This volume both problematizes and renders visible conceptions and norms regarding male behaviour and masculinities and shows how these affect the criminological field through providing a theoretically sound and clear gender perspective to this field of research. With sections based around the following three themes: negotiations of masculinity in institutional settings, vulnerable masculinities and risk-taking and masculinities, this volume will be of interest to scholars of criminology, sociology, social work and gender studies, as well as policy-makers, and law enforcement professionals.

  • 44.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Lykke, Nina
    Tema Genus, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Developing disruptive norm-critical innovation at Volvo: FINAL REPORT2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Volvo Group Trucks Technology and Tema Genus, Linköping University, have initiated a collaborative project to foster disruptive norm-critical innovation at Volvo. The aim is to 1) further develop existing methods for initiating innovation by bringing disruptive norm-critical innovation methods into already existing “tool boxes for innovation” at Volvo, 2) develop a particular tool box to enhance disruptive norm-critical innovation across existing “tool boxes”, and 3) develop a disruptive norm-critical innovation tool box targeting the leadership programme at Volvo Trucks to enable better management and integration of norm-critical innovation processes at Volvo. The first step was a pilot project, outlined below, the overall aim of which was to develop a detailed application (VINNOVA) which can achieve the above aims.

  • 45.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Mellström, Ulf
    Gender Studies, Karlstads University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Masculinity and Autonomous Vehicles: A Degendered or Resegregated Future System of Automobility?2018In: Transfers, ISSN 2045-4813, E-ISSN 2045-4821, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 44-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses the anthropomorphization and interpellative experience of cars and trucks, in order to meet future mobility challenges. Autonomous vehicles offer an emancipatory opportunity within a wider movement of degendering and regendering motor vehicles. We argue that autonomous vehicles can challenge the foundations of a gendered economy founded on masculinity, speed, pleasure, and embodiment. Rather than thinking in terms of a process of demasculinization, this article anticipates a regendering and resegregation through which certain forms of masculine gendered economies of pleasure will lose ground and others will gain. A core question in this article asks who will be in the driver’s seat of future systems of automobility as the control of the vehicle is gradually being transferred from the driver to digital control systems and intelligent roads.

  • 46.
    Balkmar, Dag
    et al.
    Filosofiska fakulteten, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Nyberg, Ann-Christin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå, Sweden.
    Genusmedveten tillväxt och jämställd vinst: Om genus och jämställdhet i ansökningar till VINNOVAs VINNVÄXT-program 20052006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

        

  • 47.
    Bark, Anna
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Att argeta som genuspedagog: Motstånd och villor som främjar pedagogernas arbete2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Örebro University

    Department of Social Sciences

    Sociology, Continuation Course, 41-60p./61-80p.

    Essay, 10p. Spring 2006

    Title: Att arbeta som genuspedagog

    Author: Anna Bark

    Abstract

    My aim in writing this essay is to explain why the government has decided to educate gender-educationalists, and to describe the conditions they are working under. The questions I will raise are:

    ° Why does the state educate gender-educationalists?

    ° What are the gender-educationalists supposed to do?

    ° What kind of work are they doing today?

    ° How would they like to work?

    ° What is preventing some of the gender-educationalists from working as gender-educationalists?

    ° Which conditions make their work easier?

    ° Are the gender-educationalists doing what they are supposed to do?

    I have made seven interviews with gender-educationalists. Three of them are not working as gender-educationalists to day, and four of them are. To sort out the things that are preventing the educationalists from working I have found Ingrid Pincus theory about male resistance to equality-reforms very helpful. I have also developed some new categories that include the conditions that are benefiting for their work.

    I have found that the state has educated gender-educationalists to make sure that the schools in Sweden are working with equality the way they should, according to the curriculum. The working possibilities are dependent of the circumstances in the municipality where the educationalist is working, and how the municipal leaders understand equality.

  • 48.
    Bergsten, Karin
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    IRON MY SHIRT: Om Hillary Clintons möjligheter att bli USA:s första kvinnliga president2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 49.
    Biricik, Alp
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hearn, JeffÖrebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    GEXcel Work in Progress Report. Volume XV: gendered sexualed transnationalisations, deconstructing the dominant: transforming men, “centres” and knowledge/policy/practice2012Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Biricik, Alp
    et al.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hearn, JeffÖrebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    GEXcel work in progress report. Volyme VI: deconstructing the hegemony of men and masculinities2009Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
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