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  • 1.
    Anniko, Malin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Boersma, Katja
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Tillfors, Maria
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Investigating the mediating role of cognitive emotion regulation in the development of adolescent emotional problems2018In: Nordic Psychology, ISSN 1901-2276, E-ISSN 1904-0016, Vol. 70, no 1, p. 3-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has indicated that cognitive emotion regulation strategies contribute to the development and maintenance of emotional problems in adults and adolescents. However, there is a lack of longitudinal research with adolescent samples, hence knowledge of exactly how these strategies influence the development of emotional problems in adolescence is sparse. This study investigated maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation (cognitive avoidance and repetitive negative thinking) as a potential mediator in the development of anxiety and depressed mood over time in adolescence. Self-reported depressed mood, anxiety, and cognitive emotion regulation strategies were assessed during school hours in a sample of Swedish 10th graders (N=149; 53% girls), with follow-up assessments one and two years later. Repetitive negative thinking and cognitive avoidance formed a unidimensional factor of cognitive emotion regulation. Cognitive emotion regulation was found to mediate the development of both anxiety and depressed mood over time, lending support to the previous findings that cognitive emotion regulation strategies such as cognitive avoidance and repetitive negative thinking might act as transdiagnostic mechanisms in the development of emotional symptoms in adolescence. This suggests that maladaptive forms of cognitive emotion regulation could be important targets in prevention and treatment of emotional problems in adolescence.

  • 2.
    Olofsson, Malin Elisabeth
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, Oslo University, Oslo, Norway; Modum Bad Psychiatric Center, Vikersund, Norway.
    Wurm, Matilda
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Boersma, Katja
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Do responses to positive affect influence mood reactivity?: exploring cognitive response styles through a mood induction procedure2016In: Nordic Psychology, ISSN 1901-2276, E-ISSN 1904-0016, Vol. 68, no 4, p. 220-232Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cognitive responses to positive affect (PA) are interesting in the context of emotion dysregulation and emotion disorders. Previous research mainly focused on ruminative responses to negative affect in relation to psychopathology. The aim of this study was to explore the interaction between cognitive response styles as measured with the Responses to Positive Affect questionnaire (RPA) and changes in emotional state during an experimental manipulation in a non-clinical sample. Using a pre-test post-test design, Swedish undergraduate students (n = 60) were randomized into either a mood induction procedure designed to evoke positive mood or a control condition. Results revealed that the two positive rumination subscales of the RPA were associated with each other and with PA. However, none of the RPA subscales interacted with participants’ mood reactivity, thus meaning that cognitive response styles did not predict changes in mood as the participants were exposed to a mood induction procedure. The results postulate new questions on the conceptualization and functioning of cognitive response styles, as their role concerning reactivity to elevated mood states remain unclear.

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