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  • 1.
    Bandick, Roger
    et al.
    Aarhus Univ, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Goerg, Holger
    Kiel Inst World Econ, Kiel, Germany.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Foreign Acquisitions, Domestic Multinationals, and R&D2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 116, no 4, p. 1091-1115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim in this paper is to evaluate the causal effect of foreign acquisition on research and development (R&D) intensity in targeted domestic firms. We are able to distinguish domestic multinational enterprises (MNEs) and non-MNEs, which allows us to investigate the fear that the change in ownership of domestic MNEs to foreign MNEs leads to a reduction in R&D activity in the country. Overall, our results give no support to the fears that foreign acquisition of domestic firms leads to a relocation of R&D activity in Swedish MNEs. Rather, in this paper, we find robust evidence that foreign acquisitions lead to increasing R&D intensity in acquired domestic MNEs and non-MNEs.

  • 2.
    Hansson, Pär
    Trade Union Institute for Economic Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Determinants of intra-industry specialisation in Swedish foreign trade1991In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 93, no 3, p. 391-405Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Hansson, Pär
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Skill upgrading and production transfer within Swedish multinationals2005In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 107, no 4, p. 673-692Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the link between production transfer within Swedish-headquartered multinational enterprises (MNEs) in the manufacturing industry and skill upgrading in their parent companies in the 1990s. The analysis distinguishes between horizontal and vertical foreign direct investment (FDI). The increased employment share in the affiliates in non-OECD countries (vertical FDI) has a non-trivial, significantly positive effect on the share of skilled labor in the Swedish parents. On the other hand, the parents’ skill upgrading is unrelated to employment changes in their affiliates in other OECD countries (horizontal FDI). This is consistent with implications of the newly developed horizontal MNE models.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Skill upgrading and production transfer within Swedish multinationals
  • 4.
    Hansson, Pär
    Trade Union Institute for Economic Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The discipline of imports: the case of Sweden1992In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 94, no 4, p. 589-597Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Karlsson, Sune
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Österholm, Pär
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Is the US Phillips curve stable? Evidence from Bayesian vector autoregressions2023In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 125, no 1, p. 287-314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been claimed that the fall in US inflation during the Great Recession was surprisingly small. One possible explanation for this is that the Phillips curve is unstable and that its slope was lower around the Great Recession. We investigate the importance of time-varying parameters using Bayesian vector autoregressions for inflation and unemployment. We find support for time variation in the inflation equation and an unstable Phillips curve that was somewhat flatter between 2005 and 2013. However, conditional forecasts mostly suggest that inflation was not unexpectedly high around the Great Recession, which puts the claim of a "missing disinflation" into question.

  • 6.
    Österholm, Pär
    Nationalekonomiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Incorporating Judgement in Fan Charts2009In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 111, no 2, p. 387-415Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Within a decision-making group, such as a central bank’s monetary-policy committee, group members often hold differing views about the future of key economic variables. Such differences of opinion can be thought of as reflecting differing sets of judgement. This paper suggests modelling each agent’s judgement as one scenario in a macroeconomic model. Each judgement set has a specific dynamic impact on the system and, accordingly, a particular predictive density — or fan chart — associated with it. A weighted linear combination of the predictive densities yields a final predictive density that reflects the uncertainty perceived by the agents generating the forecast.

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