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  • 1.
    Bouij, Christer
    Örebro University, School of Music, Theatre and Art.
    Dmitrij Sjostakovitj och eftervärlden1993In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, no 1, p. 28-31Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Demokrati eller presidentdiktatur?: Konstitutionella vägval i postkommunistiska länder 2008In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 141-161Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Democracy or Presidential Dictatorship? Constitutional Pathways in Post-Communist Countries

     

    While authoritarian presidents prevail throughout the post-Soviet region under strongly president oriented constitutions, democracy according to parliamentary principles triumphs in Central Europe. This article discusses the constitutional pattern among the post-communist countries on the basis of two general questions: First, how can we explain that strong presidential constitutions are dominant throughout the post-Soviet region whereas constrained presidencies and governments anchored in parliament have become the prevailing option in Central Europe? Second, and interlinked with the first question, why did so many post-communist countries (in the post-Soviet region as well as in Central Europe) choose neither parliamentarism nor presidentialism, but instead semi-presidential arrangements characterised by a directly elected president provided with considerable powers coexisting with a prime minister? The analysis suggests that both historical-institutional and actor-oriented factors are relevant for grasping these questions. Key factors have been the type of regime transition, pre-communist era constitutions and leaders, as well as short-term economic and political considerations. With different strength and in partly different ways, these factors seem to have affected the actors’ preferences and final constitutional compromises.

  • 3.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Föräldralösa barns uppväxtmiljö i Lettland2003In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 393-406Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Strandberg, Thomas
    Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Orphans in Russia: policies for family-like alternatives2005In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, no 1, p. 135-137Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Svedberg, Erika
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Sarsenov, Karin
    Fruar på postorder: genus och migration i det post-sovjetiska tillståndet2001In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 75-83Article in journal (Other academic)
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