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  • 1.
    Fröding, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    A community-based participatory research process in a poor Swedish neighbourhood2015In: Systemic Practice and Action Research, ISSN 1094-429X, E-ISSN 1573-9295, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 19-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Health is not equally distributed and various neighbourhoods differ from each other in terms of people’s health and other social and economic variables. Numerous efforts are undertaken to develop healthier and more sustainable neighbourhoods, and a key concern in the process is citizen participation. Due to the challenge of conducting research in poor neighbourhood’s complementary research approaches with a more practice-based and democratic knowledge development are needed. Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is a partnership pproach that aims to conduct collaborative knowledge production and to use the research indings for public health interventions. This paper sets out to describe and analyse a community-academic partnership and a CBPR process within a poor neighbourhood in Sweden. Two years of fieldwork were conducted at 26 meetings comprising 84 h in a CBPR group including a researcher, and lay and professional stakeholders. Participatory observation and detailed meeting process-notes were used when doing a qualitative thematic analysis. Eight different developmental phases was identified in the implementation of a CBPR process and four key lessons were found to be important. These were that a community-academic partnership should (1) accept different levels of participation in different phases; (2) openly discuss mutual expectations and individual prerequisites; (3) unmask power and authority; and (4) allow the work to take the time it needs. The design, process, and result of the CBPR project are relevant for local community-academic partnerships using a CBPR approach with the goal of increasing participation as a means of improving people’s health and well-being in poor neighbourhoods.

  • 2.
    Geidne, Jonny
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Fröding, Karin
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Montin, Stig
    School of Public Administration, Universtiy of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Implementation structure and participation at neighbourhood level: a multiple case study of neighbourhood development in Sweden2012In: Systemic Practice and Action Research, ISSN 1094-429X, E-ISSN 1573-9295, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 305-322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The last decades have seen the emergence of the settings approach in Health Promotion one example is the Healthy City initiative which was launched by European division of WHO in 1990. In 2003, four Swedish municipalities accordingly signed a contract on a Partnership for Sustainable Welfare Development. One of the objectives was to promote participation, influence, and health at a neighbourhood level by focusing on one housing area in each municipality. These housing areas constitute the setting of this study. The purpose is to examine the implementation structures in the municipalities, and how variations in the implementation structure affect differences in integration of community participation. A triangulation of methods was used in building up a case study database: semi-structured key informant interviews with 29 stakeholders in the municipalities; examination of solicited and unsolicited documents; and participatory observations which included repeated visits to the neighbourhoods. The results show that the greater the visibility of community participation policy is in the implementation structure the greater is the integration of community participation in the neighbourhood renewal work. Two explanatory factors have been identified. The first is that making the community participation policy visible in the implementation structure results in more appropriate strategies for mobilizing the community in the neighbourhood renewal work. The second is that the municipal governing of the neighbourhood renewal allows more space for community participation when the policy is visible in the implementation structure.

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