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  • 1.
    Schückher, Fides
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital.
    Berglund, Kristina
    Psychology, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Engström, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
    Sellin, Tabita
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital.
    Predictors for Abstinence in Socially Stable Women Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder2022In: Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, ISSN 0734-7324, E-ISSN 1544-4538, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 244-257Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a knowledge gap about predictors of treatment outcomes in alcohol use disorder (AUD) in socially stable women. This study examined factors that may predict abstinence 12 months after the end of treatment for AUD in socially stable women. Fifty-seven women with AUD participated in 12-month follow-up. Information about sociodemographic, alcohol-related, psychiatric symptoms, psychological functioning, and participants' treatment goals and ability to change alcohol habits were gathered from structured interviews and self-report instruments. Predictors for abstinence at the 12-month follow up were calculated by univariable and multivariable logistic regression models. Significant predictors for abstinence were having no history of childhood abuse (OR: 8.13; 95%CI: 2.22-29.75; p < .01) and a goal of abstinence at the end of treatment (OR: 15.17; 95%CI: 3.45-66.69; p < .001). Most participants (>60%) achieved their goals of abstinence or low-risk drinking. The results highlight the significance of identifying patients with experiences of childhood abuse, since such experiences may adversely affect the outcome of AUD treatment. Our findings also emphasize the importance of patients' own goals of abstinence, since it resulted in the most stable outcome. Treatment could, therefore, also focus on motivating individuals to aim for abstinence.

  • 2.
    Schückher, Fides
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. University Health Care Research Centre, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
    Sellin, Tabita
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital.
    Berglund, Kristina
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Berggren, Ulf
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Balldin, Jan
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Engström, Ingemar
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences.
    Fahlke, Claudia
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The Importance of Age at Onset of Excessive Alcohol Use with Regard to Psychiatric Symptoms and Personality Characteristics2017In: Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, ISSN 0734-7324, E-ISSN 1544-4538, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 328-343Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Psychiatric symptoms and personality characteristics were studied in men (n=252) and women (n=86) as they commenced treatment for excessive alcohol use. The Addiction Severity Index, Symptom Check List, and Temperament and Character Inventory were used. ANOVA with early/late onset and gender as covariates showed significantly lower scores for psychiatric symptoms and more mature personality characteristics in the late-onset group compared to early onset. Men described more depression and anxiety, and women higher persistence. Results indicate the importance of considering age at onset of excessive alcohol use when patients enter treatment because different treatment approaches may be required.

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