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  • 1.
    Hüllmann, Dino
    et al.
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany.
    Kohlhoff, Harald
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany.
    Erdmann, Jessica
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany.
    Neumann, Patrick P.
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany.
    Control of a spherical parallel manipulator2019In: Materials Today: Proceedings, E-ISSN 2214-7853, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 423-430Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In mobile robot applications, some sensors such as open-path gas detectors or laser rangefinders need to be aimed at specific targets in order to get the desired measurements. To do this in a fast and elegant manner, we present a spherical parallel manipulator with three degrees of freedom. Compared to typical serial manipulators, it offers superior dynamics and structural stiffness, which are important parameters for this type of task. We present the mechanical design and derive kinematic equations both to compute set-points for the desired orientation and to estimate the current state of the system. A PID controller is used to generate control signals.

  • 2.
    Hüllmann, Dino
    et al.
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany.
    Kohlhoff, Harald
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany.
    Erdmann, Jessica
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany.
    Neumann, Patrick P.
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany.
    Current-independent torque control of permanent-magnet synchronous motors2017In: Materials Today: Proceedings, E-ISSN 2214-7853, Vol. 4, no 5, p. 5821-5826Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A current-independent torque equation for the permanent-magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) aiming at direct-drive servo applications is derived from a first principles model. Instead of measuring currents, all required control parameters are derived from optical incremental encoder measurements. The results are verified on a real system in test series showing the effect of static friction and proving the obtained torque model.

  • 3.
    Hüllmann, Dino
    et al.
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany.
    Paul, Niels
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany.
    Kohlhoff, Harald
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany.
    Neumann, Patrick P.
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany.
    Lilienthal, Achim
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Measuring rotor speed for wind vector estimation on multirotor aircraft2018In: Materials Today: Proceedings, E-ISSN 2214-7853, Vol. 5, no 13, p. 26703-26708Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For several applications involving multirotor aircraft, it is crucial to know both the direction and speed of the ambient wind. In this paper, an approach to wind vector estimation based on an equilibrium of the principal forces acting on the aircraft is shown. As the thrust force generated by the rotors depends on their rotational speed, a sensor to measure this quantity is required. Two concepts for such a sensor are presented: One is based on tapping the signal carrying the speed setpoint for the motor controllers, the other one uses phototransistors placed underneath the rotor blades. While some complications were encountered with the first approach, the second yields accurate measurement data. This is shown by an experiment comparing the proposed speed sensor to a commercial non-contact tachometer.

  • 4.
    Neumann, Patrick P.
    et al.
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany.
    Hüllmann, Dino
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany.
    Bartholmai, Matthias
    Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany.
    Concept of a gas-sensitive nano aerial robot swarm for indoor air quality monitoring2019In: Materials Today: Proceedings, E-ISSN 2214-7853, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 470-473Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we introduce a nano aerial robot swarm for indoor air quality monitoring applications such as occupational health and safety of (industrial) workplaces. The concept combines a robotic swarm composing of nano Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (nano UAVs), based on the Crazyflie 2.0 quadrocopter, and small lightweight metal oxide gas sensors for measuring the Total Volatile Organic Compound (TVOC) in ppb and estimating the eCO2 (equivalent calculated carbon-dioxide) concentration in ppm. TVOC is a measure for the indoor air quality. An indoor localization and positioning system will be used to estimate the absolute 3D position of the swarm like GPS. Based on this novel indoor air quality monitoring concept, the development and validation of new algorithms in the field of Mobile Robot Olfaction (MRO) are planned, namely gas source localization and gas distribution mapping. A test scenario will be built up to validate and optimize the gas-sensitive nano aerial robot swarm for the intended applications.

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