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  • 1.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    The impact of political conviction on the relation between winning or losing and political dissatisfaction: findings from Sweden2014In: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Sage Open, ISSN ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Election outcomes, or more specifically belonging to a political minority or majority, have a significant impact on citizens’ attitudes toward the political system and political involvement. This study aims to broaden our understanding in these regards by taking into account the effects of people’s political convictions on the relation between belonging to a political minority or majority and their dissatisfaction with the performance of the political system. Using a person-oriented approach, four groups of citizens were identified on the basis of their attachment to political parties. The group of people who were not politically attached to any of the political parties were the most dissatisfied, whereas supporters of parties in government were the least dissatisfied. Moreover, supporters of opposition parties who had high levels of political conviction were more dissatisfied than supporters of opposition parties who had lower levels of political conviction. Overall, the findings of this study show that it is crucial to take into account the individual characteristics of citizens when studying the relations between election outcomes and political attitudes.

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  • 2.
    Almqvist, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Meckbach, Jane
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (GIH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Öhman, Marie
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    How Wii Teach Physical Education and Health2016In: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     The use of educational computer games in physical education (PE) has become more popular in recent years and has attracted research interest. The aim of the article is to investigate how physical activities and images of the human body are offered by the game. The results show how the “teacher” constituted in the games is one who instructs and encourages the players to exercise and think about their bodies, but not a “teacher” who can help students to investigate, argue, or discuss images of health and the human body. We argue that the use of a wide range and variety of ways of teaching would make the teaching richer and offer a deeper understanding about the body and health.

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  • 3.
    Andersen, Jon Aarum
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Managers' Motivation Profiles: Measurement and Application2018In: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 8, no 2, article id 2158244018771732Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To promote leadership research on managers' motivation, a measurement (Andersen Motivation Profile Indicator [AMPI]) has been developed and tested that (a) measures achievement, affiliation, and power motivation; (b) measures the relative strengths of these factors; (c) rests explicitly on the definitions of McClelland; and (d) measures managers' work motivation. The questionnaire has been tested for reliability and validity with responses from 580 managers. The application of the instrument in four studies with responses from 565 managers in other organizations supported McClelland's theoretical claims: (a) managers have motivation profiles, (b) there are differences in motivation profiles between managers across organizational types, (c) there are no significant differences in motivation profiles between female and male managers, and (d) managers who are predominantly power motivated enhance organizational effectiveness. Arguably, the application of the instrument may be an indicator of its quality. The instrument facilitates leadership research on the relationship between managers' motivation profiles and organizational specifics, gender, sociocultural factors, and organizational outcomes.

  • 4.
    Harcourt, Deborah
    et al.
    Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Australia.
    Quennerstedt, Ann
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ethical Guardrails When Children Participate in Research: Risk and Practice in Sweden and Australia2014In: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates interpretations of sound research ethics in social science research involving children as framed through regulation. Coinciding with an emergent significance being given to research that involves children, debate has developed regarding whether particular ethical considerations are warranted in this type of research. We overlay the examination of regulation documents in Sweden and Australia with an interpretative lens drawn from these regulations that has the potential to position children as competent social actors in the research process. We then argue that there is possibility for ethical procedures to be viewed not only as risk management but also as beneficial research practice to stimulate continuing debate about how to work ethically in social science research when children are participants.

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    Harcourt & Quennerstedt 2014
  • 5.
    Mathew Martin, Poothullil John
    et al.
    Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai, India.
    Sahasrabudhe, Sujit
    Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai, India.
    Chavan, Prashant D.
    Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai, India.
    Toppo, Deepak
    Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai, India.
    Captioning and Indian Sign Language as Accessibility Tools in Universal Design2013In: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Universal Design in Media as a strategy to achieve accessibility in digital television started in Spain in 1997 with the digitalization of satellite platforms (MuTra, 2006). In India, a conscious effort toward a strategy for accessible media format in digital television is yet to be made. Advertising in India is a billion dollar industry (Adam Smith, 2008) and digital television provides a majority of the space for it. This study investigated the effects of advertisement in accessible format, through the use of captioning and Indian sign language (ISL), on hearing and deaf people. “Deaf (capital letter ‘D’ used for culturally Deaf) and hearing” viewers watched two short recent advertisements with and without accessibility formats in a randomized order. Their reactions were recorded on a questionnaire developed for the purpose of the study. Eighty-four persons participated in this study of which 42 were deaf persons. Analysis of the data showed that there was difference in the effects of accessible and nonaccessible formats of advertisement on the “Deaf and Hearing” viewers. The study showed that accessible formats increased the comprehension of the message of the advertisement and use of ISL helped deaf persons to understand concepts better. While captioning increased the perception of the hearing persons to correlate with listening and understanding the concept of the advertisement, the deaf persons correlated watching the ISL interpreter with understanding the concept of the advertisement. Placement of the ISL interpreter in the screen and color of the fonts used for captioning were also covered under the study. However, the placement of the ISL interpreter and color of fonts in the screen and their correlation with comprehension of the advertisement by hearing and deaf persons did not show much of significance in the result of the study.

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  • 6.
    Ndi, Frankline
    University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
    Land Grabbing, Local Contestation, and the Struggle for Economic Gain: Insights From Nguti Village, South West Cameroon2017In: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines why peasant communities in South West Cameroon have contested a U.S.-based company’s intentions to establish an agro-industrial palm oil plantation in their region. Land investments in the form of agro plantations, if not properly conceived, negotiated, and implemented, pose a series of threats to the ecological, cultural, and economic stability among peasant farming communities, who depend on land and forest resources for their livelihood. Using Nguti as a case study, this article argues that local communities do not oppose investment in land but they contest projects that attempt to alienate them from their sources of livelihood without providing alternatives. The study also demonstrates how local communities, despite being critical of the project, struggle with the company through their relations with government, to demand new social contracts and/or memoranda that could offer them greater opportunities as economic partners. The article concludes that for palm oil plantations to be economically equitable, local communities’ incorporation is necessary to safeguard rural livelihoods and to ensure that provisions are made for adequate compensation and alternative sources of livelihood.

  • 7.
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Flintoff, Anne
    Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, UK.
    Webb, Louisa
    Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK.
    Narratives From YouTube: Juxtaposing Stories About Physical Education2013In: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, no 3, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     The aim of this paper is to explore what is performed in students’ and teachers’ actions in physical education practice in terms of “didactic irritations,” through an analysis of YouTube clips from 285 PE lessons from 27 different countries. Didactic irritations are occurrences that Rønholt describes as those demanding “didactic, pedagogical reflections and discussions, which in turn could lead to alternative thinking and understanding about teaching and learning.” Drawing on Barad’s ideas of performativity to challenge our habitual anthropocentric analytical gaze when looking at educational visual data, and using narrative construction, we also aim to give meaning to actions, relations, and experiences of the participants in the YouTube clips. To do this, we present juxtaposing narratives from teachers and students in terms of three “didactic irritations”: (a) stories from a track, (b), stories from a game, and (c), stories from a bench. The stories re-present events-of-moving in the data offering insights into embodied experiences in PE practice, making students’ as well as teachers’ actions in PE practice understandable.

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  • 8.
    Skoglund, Anne
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway.
    Moen, Øyfrid Larsen
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway.
    Batt-Rawden, Kari Bjerke
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway.
    Schröder, Agneta
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway.
    Students' Experiences with a Mental Health-Promoting Daily Life During COVID19: Balancing Predictability and Joy2023In: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 13, no 3, article id 21582440231200309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In March 2020, higher education institutions experienced a lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Numerous studies have shown the negative impact of the lockdown on students' mental health. The lockdown situation was unprecedented and describing the variety of experiences is therefore important. This study aims to describe students' lived experiences of how student life promoted mental health and wellbeing in everyday life under various degrees of lockdown during the pandemic. Twelve students from a Norwegian university were interviewed online. Phenomenological analysis was used. The essence of their experiences can be described as a balance between predictability and joy based on two themes: making sense in isolation and me related to the outside world. This balance was achieved through the students' own effort to create appropriate routines in their everyday lives and facilitate the achievement of their goals, allowing them to take initiative, feel included and disrupt the often monotonous COVID-19 lockdown. Universities need to offer as many in-person meeting points, spaces where small groups of students can meet, and interactive lectures as possible.

  • 9.
    Xu, Fengqin
    et al.
    The First Affiliated Hospital of Kangda College of Nanjing Medical University, the First People’s Hospital of Lianyungang, the Affilicated Lianyungang Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Lianyungang, Jiangsu, China.
    Ma, Liang
    The First Affiliated Hospital of Kangda College of Nanjing Medical University, the First People’s Hospital of Lianyungang, the Affilicated Lianyungang Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Lianyungang, Jiangsu, China.
    Wang, Yinhe
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Jiangsu, China.
    Yu, Jiang
    The First Affiliated Hospital of Kangda College of Nanjing Medical University, the First People’s Hospital of Lianyungang, the Affilicated Lianyungang Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Lianyungang, Jiangsu, China.
    Li, Dandan
    The First Affiliated Hospital of Kangda College of Nanjing Medical University, the First People’s Hospital of Lianyungang, the Affilicated Lianyungang Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Lianyungang, Jiangsu, China.
    Zhou, Guohui
    The First Affiliated Hospital of Kangda College of Nanjing Medical University, the First People’s Hospital of Lianyungang, the Affilicated Lianyungang Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Lianyungang, Jiangsu, China.
    Xu, Yuzi
    Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.
    Zhang, Hailin
    The First Affiliated Hospital of Kangda College of Nanjing Medical University, the First People’s Hospital of Lianyungang, the Affilicated Lianyungang Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Lianyungang, Jiangsu, China.
    Cao, Yang
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital.
    Effects of an Innovative Training Program for New Graduate Registered Nurses: A Comparison Study2021In: SAGE Open, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 11, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New graduate registered nurses (NGRNs) face a great challenge during the transition from school to clinical practice. We conducted a quasi-randomized controlled study to evaluate the effects of a new training mode for newly recruited NGRNs in a Chinese teaching hospital. A total of 150 NGRNs were recruited from a teaching hospital and assigned into two groups. The conventional training and a new training program were taken for the control group and the research group, respectively. At the end of the training, the two groups were evaluated and compared for theoretical knowledge and operation skills using a mutual-evaluation examination and the Chinese Registered Nurse Core Competency Scale. The scores of theoretical knowledge (88.4 vs. 81.7, p < .001) and operation skills (94.8 vs. 90.3, p < .001), and the total core competencies score (156.2 vs. 148.8, p < .05) in the research group were statistically significantly higher than those in the control group. Compared with the control group, the research group also had statistically significantly higher scores in education and consultation (2.47 vs. 2.40), clinical nursing (2.87 vs. 2.62), interpersonal relationship (2.56 vs. 2.43), and critical thinking and scientific research (2.78 vs. 2.61). The innovative pre-job training program for NGRNs conducted in Chinese clinical nursing skill training bases might significantly improve the training effects and is worthy of broader implementation.

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