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  • 1.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Bejerot, Eva
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Performative policy: the case of Swedish healthcare reforms2017Ingår i: Critical Policy Studies, ISSN 1946-0171, E-ISSN 1946-018X, Vol. 11, nr 3, s. 291-310Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we analyze public sector change as a profoundly constructed phenomenon – as performative reforms. Public sector reforms, of which policy processes are an integral part, are constituted and realized through long chains of interventions.Communicative–discursive interventions posit and constitute problemsas real and important, while technocratic interventions, such as plans, analyses, and schemes construct new imagined worlds for possible and attractive instrumental solutions. Our empirical results display circular movements of three modes ofchange, making up a continuous policy cycle in the transformation of Swedish health, reiterated on different levels of the system, indifferent scales, and with different actors involved.

    The continuity of the reforms is to a large extent the result of a successful institutionalization of the policy cycle and its content. It is stabilized as a set of discourse and social technologies, distributed throughout the entire healthcare system and almost impossibleto question.

  • 2.
    Hysing, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Department of Economy and Society, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Making governance networks more democratic: lessons from the Swedish governmental commissions2016Ingår i: Critical Policy Studies, ISSN 1946-0171, E-ISSN 1946-018X, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 21-38Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Governance networks (GNs) are theorized as institutions for state–civil society interaction with important merits as well as shortcomings for effective and democratic governance. Here we compare GNs with a far less researched type of state–civil society interaction, the Swedish governmental commission (GC), critically discussing them in terms of organizational and functional features, the role of the state and democratic anchorage. Drawing on lessons from the institutional design of GCs, we contest the notion that well-functioning GNs require a low level of formal institutionalization and discuss how democratic problems with GNs could be addressed through a formal institutional framework that provides pre-established and generally applied ground rules, ensures elected politicians the final say on policy, and values broad participation and consultation. Recognizing that GNs are not a self-evident form for state–civil society interactions, traditional institutional designs should be more fully considered in the discussion and theorization of the democratic anchorage of GNs.

  • 3.
    Persson, Monika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    A policy problem that cannot escape its past: constraints on the reformation of safety policy2015Ingår i: Critical Policy Studies, ISSN 1946-0171, E-ISSN 1946-018X, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 158-176Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Within many current policy theories there is a tendency to first identify change and then explainit. A retrospective analysis of policy changes risks missing continuous processes and struggles forchange as well as mechanisms of resistance to change. Taking this as a point of departure, thispaper develops an understanding of the policy process as a struggle over meaning, as a way toallow for a more nuanced understanding of the dynamics of policy change and continuity. Thisapproach is illustrated by an analysis of the formation of public safety policy in Sweden.Alternative storylines giving ‘new’ meanings to the policy problem were strategicallyincorporated into the policy discourse. However, it is found that an ideational path-dependency ofthe policy constrains the possibility for problem reformulation and thereby also the possibility forpolicy change. The discourses that instantiated the policy problem not only affect the ways inwhich the problem is rendered thinkable for the purposes of its government, but also for policyanalysts as well as the public. The analysis shows that it is crucial to understand the interrelationsbetween different discourses (within policy, politics and research) to understand the mechanismsof policy change and continuity.

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  • 4.
    Standring, Adam
    Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities (FCSH), New University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.
    Evidence-based policymaking and the politics of neoliberal reason: a response to Newman2017Ingår i: Critical Policy Studies, ISSN 1946-0171, E-ISSN 1946-018X, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 227-234Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In his recent article, Newman argues that the different perspectives within the literature on evidence-based policymaking, broadly distinguished between rationalists and constructivists, have failed to produce a productive scholarly debate. A solution to overcome this often vitriolic impasse is for scholars to be more accepting of the different goals of each approach. This response challenges Newman's argument on the basis of three weaknesses: a failure to properly understand the incommensurability of different ontological and epistemological positions; a narrow conceptualization of 'evidence'; and the absence of a historical context for his argument.

    While undoubtedly well intentioned, in practice, the article serves to blunt the critical tools necessary to constructivist approaches, perhaps at a time when they are needed most - when we are observing the growth in what is termed 'post-truth politics'.

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