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  • 1.
    Forsberg, Anette
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Örebro University Hospital.
    Nilsagård, Ylva
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Örebro University Hospital.
    Validity and reliability of the Swedish version of the activities-specific balance confidence scale in people with chronic stroke2013In: Physiotherapy Canada, ISSN 0300-0508, E-ISSN 1708-8313, Vol. 65, no 2, p. 141-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To evaluate the validity and reliability of the Swedish version of the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) scale in people> 1 year after stroke.

    Method: In a multi-centre study design, using initial cross-sectional data collection with follow-up, the timed up-and-go (TUG) test, 10 m timed walk (10TW), and 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) were performed; ABC scale and Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) were completed; and falls history data were collected during one session. One week later, the ABC scale was sent to participants for a second rating. Spearman correlation coefficients were calculated, and reliability was assessed via the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) and Cronbach alpha.

    Results: A convenience sample of 67 people was included (mean age 68 y). The median score for the ABC scale changed from 57 at the first rating to 43 at the second; 19 participants 28%) reported falls during the previous 3 months. Scores on the ABC scale were moderately correlated with the TUG (r¼0.48), 10TW (r¼0.52), 6MWT (r¼ 0.45), and SF-36 physical component summary score (r¼0.43). Internal consistency was high for the ABC scale at test and retest (a¼ 0.95–0.97). The ICC was 0.82 (95% CI, 0.72–0.88).

    Conclusions: The Swedish version of the ABC scale is a valid and reliable measure for investigating balance confidence in people >1 year after stroke.

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