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  • 1.
    Anderzen-Carlsson, Agneta
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. Audiological Research Centre, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    A qualitative evaluation of the National Expert Team regarding the assessment and diagnosis of deafblindness in Sweden2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 362-374Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Deafblindness is a rare condition with multiple causes. Given its rarity, professionals generally have limited knowledge of this condition and insufficient experience managing it. Accordingly, in Sweden, a National Expert Team was established to assess and diagnose deafblindness. The aim of this study was to identify the conceptions of persons with deafblindness, parents of children with deafblindness and professionals involved in their care, rehabilitation and education regarding their participation in the assessment and diagnostic procedures performed by this national team. A phenomenographic design was employed. The main findings were illustrated by five descriptive categories: An opportunity for improvement in daily living, ability to interact with the cream of the crop, personal effort, effects of genetics beyond drawing blood and limited professional interaction.

  • 2.
    Antonson, Sivert
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Lundström, Inger
    Importance of social support for hard-of-hearing students in pursuing their "educational careers"2006In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 298-316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to describe different processes in what is termed the “educational career” of hard-of-hearing students. The data comprises narratives from 30 hard-of-hearing former students representing four groups: students from a special school who continued to university education or to employment; students from ordinary schools who continued to university education or to employment. The results indicate that support within the educational experience is of great importance and the social support provided by parents is of crucial importance for a student's educational trajectory or career. This support, in combination with an adjusted school environment, seems to greatly diminish the importance of the hearing impairment. The conclusion is that hard-of-hearing students should not necessarily choose a special school just because of the impairment itself. When the needs of these students are met, there seem to be more accentuated mechanisms in ordinary educational settings than in special schools that promote post-secondary education.

  • 3. Bhaskar, Roy
    et al.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Metatheory, interdisciplinarity and disability research: a critical realist perspective2006In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 278-297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Different methodological tendencies within the field of disability research are described, and the reductionism implicit in the historically dominant models is critiqued. The advantages of critical realism over rival metatheoretical positions, including empiricism, social constructionism, neo-Kantianism and hermeneutics, is shown, demonstrating in particular what is called the “double-inclusiveness” of critical realism. A non-reductionist schema for explanation in disability research is established, and the article argues that the phenomenon of disability has the character of a “necessarily laminated system”. The fruitfulness of this approach is then illustrated with an example drawn from the field, and the case for critical realism as an ex ante explicit metatheory and methodology for disability research is further developed. The conclusion reconsiders the nature of metatheory and its role in research.

  • 4.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Hard-of-hearing children's sense of identity and belonging2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 179-197Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the process of identity construction for hard-of-hearing (HH) children in Sweden. Twenty-nine children aged 9-16 years who attended special classes for HH students were interviewed. During this longitudinal study, all classes were moved from an oral to a signing school environment. The findings support the position that a bilingual HH identity exists. HH children often construct their identity by widening their reference group to include not just HH but also those who are 'almost the same'. They can have a sense of belonging either to deaf or hearing children, or both. In the development of identity HH children make distinctions between subgroups within their reference group. There were also children in crisis or with an unclear identity. This needs to be further explored to determine if the crisis is a productive part of identity construction or a problem requiring support. Gender construction also needs to be further explored.

  • 5.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    The school playground as a meeting place for hard of hearing children2005In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 73-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The schoolyard is the main social arena for children attending classes for hard of hearing pupils, to meet and mix with other children. Their social interplay with other children is rather restricted during spare time. For the hard of hearing children, included in this study, the surrounding school environment has shifted from one being dominated by spoken language to one being dominated by the use of sign language. Observations by video camera of the children playing during breaks showed that the hearing and the hard of hearing children used the schoolyard in an unequal way. The hard of hearing children were playing in the periphery of the schoolyard and the hearing children in the central interaction areas. In the special school the hard of hearing children were playing in the central interaction areas and often with deaf schoolmates. This may be interpreted as while staying in the integrated environment the hard of hearing boys and girls were socially excluded and in the segregated environment they were socially included.

  • 6. Coniavitis Gellerstedt, Lotta
    et al.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Hearing impairment, working life conditions, and gender2004In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 225-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to examine differences and similarities in working conditions and health status between men and women with hearing impairments. This article is based on a material collected with a comprehensive questionnaire, looking at psycho‐social work environments and health status and answered by a total of 406 patients at two audiological clinics in Sweden. Examination of the data reveals a pattern of unfavourable conditions for hearing‐impaired persons/employees when compared to a reference group without auditory impairments. Hearing‐impaired women frequently find themselves in extremely trying situations. Health status is worse for those who are hearing impaired as compared to the reference group, especially for hearing impaired women The concept “double workload”; is discussed as a possible notion for further theoretical development of the issues discussed in this article.

  • 7.
    Dag, Munir
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Can they work it out and do they get any satisfaction?: Young Swedish physically disabled men's and women's work involvement and job satisfaction2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 287-303Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, results are reported from a study of what value young (20-35 years) disabled men and women ascribe to a job and the job satisfaction they have. Data for the study were collected via a survey questionnaire. The results show that both the men and the women attach great psychosocial value to work and that they have a high level of job satisfaction. The results also show that the men tend to ascribe higher economic value to paid work than the women do and that the women ascribe a higher psychosocial value to paid work than the men. Finally, there is a discussion of the conclusions that can be drawn from the results of the social policy measures taken for men and women in the group in question.

  • 8.
    Gustafsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Peralta, Julia
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Supported Employment and Social Inclusion: Experiences of Workers with Disabilities in Wage Subsidized Employment in Sweden2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 26-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Labour market policies targeting people with disabilities primarily focus on establishing a working life based on reaching and procuring employment. Less attention is directed towards the qualitative aspects of working conditions or opportunities to retain employment. This study seeks to examine how people with disabilities who, with the help of Supported Employment (SE) methods, are establishing themselves in the labour market, experience social inclusion at their workplaces and how their working conditions influence their experiences with social inclusion. Data were collected in semi-structured interviews. Two themes were prominent in the interviewees’ experiences with social inclusion: the importance of being a valued worker and the sense of social belonging. Competence is important to feeling valued, as is working in fair working conditions. Disclosure of disability often helps to create fairness. The sense of social belonging arises from natural support and mattering to others. Important conditions that increase social inclusion are job-matching and natural support. The SE method can therefore contribute to the creation of social inclusion by ensuring that the matching process is well thought out and by utilizing strategies for inclusion, such as encouragement of natural support.

  • 9.
    Gustafsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Peralta, Julia
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    The employer's perspective: employment of people with disabilities in wage subsidized employments2013In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to examine employers' perspectives of the conditions of employment of people with disabilities within a context of wage subsidies. Employers in different workplaces were interviewed, and the interviews were analysed according to qualitative content analysis (Graneheim and Lundman 2004). The results show that four factors – attitude, matching, economic incentives and accommodations – are important for the employment of people with disabilities within a context of wage subsidies. Positive earlier experiences of people with disabilities serve as one of the reasons employers are willing to consider people with disabilities for jobs, but for hiring to take place, there must also be a match between the right person and the right job. Wage subsidies are seen, within this context, as an incentive to hire people who have reduced work capacity; accommodations are seen as necessary for the successful implementation of such hiring decisions. This knowledge can be applied in the design of support measures for unemployed people with disabilities.

  • 10.
    Hillborg, Helene
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Svensson, Tommy
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Expectations, visions and sense of empowerment: in the face of a vocational rehabilitation process for people with psychiatric disabilities 2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 109-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to reveal the meaning some people with psychiatric disabilities assigned to important experiences related to long periods of participation restrictions owing to unemployment and sick leave. The data comprise open-ended interviews with eight informants. A hermeneutic approach together with a comparative analysis was used to analyze the data. The results showed six types of mechanisms important for the outcome of the rehabilitation process: support, understanding, time, control, self-image and vision of the future. Our results indicate that environmental factors such as experience of support and understanding of professionals and time-efficacy seemed to have a great effect on the individuals' attitudes concerning the activities and measures they expected to carry out during their coming rehabilitation. These experiences seemed to affect their belief in their own abilities, their sense of control, and their belief in successful performance. Theories about empowerment closely related to social emotions like pride and shame are also discussed in an attempt to deepen the understanding of the studied phenomena.

  • 11.
    Hugemark, Agneta
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Roman, Christine
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Diversity and divisions in the Swedish disability movement: disability, gender and social justice2007In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 26-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is lively discussion in the social sciences about minority groups and their claims for social justice. Universalism versus difference and redistribution versus recognition are two important issues of debate. This paper takes a closer look at the social justice claims articulated by the Swedish disability movement. It discusses how questions of representation, collective identity, and needs interpretations are dealt with in a number of disability associations. One important assumption guiding our study is that the interpretations of members' needs, how their needs can best be met, and who is to have the legitimate right to communicate their needs, are questions subject to constant debate. The aim is to demonstrate some of the complexities confronting the disability movement in its struggle for social justice. To be more specific, we set out to show two things: (i) how different kinds of justice claims are balanced by the investigated organizations; and (ii) that the demands for cultural recognition and socioeconomic redistribution are raised not only by the disability movement vis-à-vis the state, but also by groups within the disability movement vis-à-vis other groups in the movement.

  • 12.
    Rydberg, Emelie
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Coniavitis Gellerstedt, Lotta
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Deaf people’s employment and workplaces: similarities and differences in comparison with a reference population2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 327-345Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to describe and analyze the characteristics of deaf people in employment and their workplaces in Sweden. A population of 2144 people born 1941-80 who attended a school for the deaf was compared to 100,000 randomly chosen individuals from the total Swedish population born 1941-80. Data on these persons consisted of registered information from the year 2005. Results showed that there are differences between the workplaces of people in the deaf and the reference population. For instance, deaf people were more commonly employed in the public sector. People in employment showed similar findings in both populations concerning sex, age and level of educational attainment: the higher the level of educational attainment, the higher the employment rate. However, deaf people more often had a higher level of educational attainment than was required for their occupation, which is an indication of discrimination in the labour market.

  • 13.
    Värja, Emelie
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Larsson Tholén, Susanna
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Hultkrantz, Lars
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Analysis of cost and quality indicators of day activity service programmes in Sweden2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 347-361Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several countries provide day activity programmes for people with intellectual disabilities. Little is known about the quality of these programmes or about their effectiveness in providing vocational training. In this study, we analysed the distribution across Swedish municipalities of the cost per user and how this is related to five structure quality and one outcome quality variables. We observed that the expenditure per attendee varies considerably between different municipalities. Statistical analysis was used to study to what extent expenditure per user correlates with supply-side factors, (political) demand-side factors and quality indicators. This indicated that the variation of expenditure is not explained by supply-side factors only. The local tax base and other local economic and/or political circumstances are statistically significant covariates, in spite of the entitlement legislation that gives eligible persons right to services of equal quality independent of such location-specific factors. We also found that municipalities that conduct regular user surveys find reasons to, on average, spend more per user. Finally, we found that the probability for transitions to employment at a regular workplace is higher in municipalities where as an annual routine, a review is made of whether each participant can be offered an internship or work.

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