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  • 1.
    Heidenreich, Kaja
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. University Health Care Research Center, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
    Bremer, Anders
    Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden; PreHospen - Centre for Prehospital Research, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Materstvedt, Lars Johan
    Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Faculty of Humanities, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway; Glasgow End of Life Studies Group, School of Interdisciplinary Studies, University of Glasgow, Dumfries, UK.
    Tidefelt, Ulf
    University Health Care Research Center, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
    Svantesson, Mia
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. University Health Care Research Center, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
    Relational autonomy in the care of the vulnerable: health care professionals' reasoning in Moral Case Deliberation (MCD)2018In: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 467-477Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Moral Case Deliberation (MCD), healthcare professionals discuss ethically difficult patient situations in their daily practice. There is a lack of knowledge regarding the content of MCD and there is a need to shed light on this ethical reflection in the midst of clinical practice. Thus, the aim of the study was to describe the content of healthcare professionals' moral reasoning during MCD. The design was qualitative and descriptive, and data consisted of 22 audio-recorded inter-professional MCDs, analysed with content analysis. The moral reasoning centred on how to strike the balance between personal convictions about what constitutes good care, and the perceived dissonant care preferences held by the patient. The healthcare professionals deliberated about good care in relation to demands considered to be unrealistic, justifications for influencing the patient, the incapacitated patient's nebulous interests, and coping with the conflict between using coercion to achieve good while protecting human dignity. Furthermore, as a basis for the reasoning, the healthcare professionals reflected on how to establish a responsible relationship with the vulnerable person. This comprised acknowledging the patient as a susceptible human being, protecting dignity and integrity, defining their own moral responsibility, and having patience to give the patient and family time to come to terms with illness and declining health. The profound struggle to respect the patient's autonomy in clinical practice can be understood through the concept of relational autonomy, to try to secure both patients' influence and at the same time take responsibility for their needs as vulnerable humans.

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