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  • 1.
    Feng, Y.
    et al.
    Kinesiology Research Group, Karolinska Institute, Department of Neuroscience (Anatomy), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Grooten, W.
    Kinesiology Research Group, Karolinska Institute, Department of Neuroscience (Anatomy), Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Physical Therapy, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wretenberg, Per
    Kinesiology Research Group, Karolinska Institute, Department of Neuroscience (Anatomy), Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Karolinska Hospital, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Arborelius, U P
    Kinesiology Research Group, Karolinska Institute, Department of Neuroscience (Anatomy), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Effects of arm suspension in simulated assembly line work: muscular activity and posture angles1999In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 247-253Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The electromyogram and posture angles of the shoulder and arm were recorded during sitting manipulative work in three positions, with and without the forearm suspended by a balancer. A Selspot system was used to record movements. The results from 12 female subjects (mean age 29 yr) showed that the activity in deltoideus anterior decreased significantly by using a balancer. Lower mean values were also noted for deltoideus lateralis and the trapezius muscles. The neck inclination increased with higher work area position, but was independent of the use of a balancer.

  • 2. Kindblom-Rising, Kristina
    et al.
    Wahlström, Rolf
    Nilsson-Wikmar, Lena
    Buer, Nina
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Nursing staff’s movement awareness, attitudes and reported behaviour in patient transfer before and after an educational intervention2011In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 455-463Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective was to evaluate changes after a two half-day patient transfer course regarding nursing staffs movement and body awareness, attitudes, reported behaviour, strain, disorder and sick leave. The course aimed at increasing staffs self-awareness of movements and body, and their communication competence, with the intention to promote the patient’s independent mobility. Ninety-nine staff in an intervention group and 77 staff in two control groups answered a questionnaire before and after the intervention. After one year there was a significant increase in the number of instructions given and nursing staff’s movement awareness in the intervention group compared to the control group. Reported physical disorders decreased significantly in the intervention group compared with both control groups. Increased movement awareness and frequent use of instructions during transfers may encourage patients to move independently and thereby reduce the strain in nursing staff.

  • 3.
    Tucker, Philip
    et al.
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Psychology, Swansea University, Swansea, United Kingdom.
    Bejerot, Eva
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kecklund, Göran
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Behavioral Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Åkerstedt, Torbjörn
    Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The impact of work time control on physicians' sleep and well-being2015In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 47, p. 109-116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Physicians' work schedules are an important determinant of their own wellbeing and that of their patients. This study considers whether allowing physicians control over their work hours ameliorates the effects of demanding work schedules. A questionnaire was completed by hospital physicians regarding their work hours (exposure to long shifts, short inter-shift intervals, weekend duties, night duties, unpaid overtime; and work time control), sleep (quantity and disturbance) and wellbeing (burnout, stress and fatigue). Work time control moderated the negative impact that frequent night working had upon sleep quantity and sleep disturbance. For participants who never worked long shifts, work time control was associated with fewer short sleeps, but this was not the case for those who did work long shifts. Optimizing the balance between schedule flexibility and patient needs could enhance physicians' sleep when working the night shift, thereby reducing their levels of fatigue and enhancing patient care.

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