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  • 1.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    et al.
    Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Tinning, Richard
    School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; School of Critical Studies in Education, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
    Foucault in leotards: Corporeal discipline in women's artistic gymnastics2010In: Sociology of Sport Journal, ISSN 0741-1235, E-ISSN 1543-2785, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 229-250Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Women's artistic gymnastics is an Olympic sport that involves intricate acrobatic and rhythmic activities. This kinesthetic proficiency demands muscular strength and courage, which have been argued to serve its athletes as a source of empowerment. Various scholars question the positive effects of sport participation. This article builds on these doubts through a feminist Foucauldian study of WAG. An essayistic research story, compiled from data gained in an ethnographic study, serves as the basis for our analyses. The results demonstrate the complexity of WAG experiences and illustrate that gymnasts' athletic proficiency is only possible through an extensive and elaborate process of corporeal discipline.

  • 2.
    Weber, Julia
    et al.
    Institute of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bending, flirting, floating, flying: A critical analysis of female figures in 1970s gymnastics photographs2012In: Sociology of Sport Journal, ISSN 0741-1235, E-ISSN 1543-2785, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 22-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the 1970s, a new corporal and aesthetic standard emerged in women's artistic gymnastics. No longer was grace and elegance the main feature, but acrobatic and somewhat robotic performances. These exercises were increasingly performed by highly trained and sexually immature girls. The Western audience was fascinated by the athletic and innocent-looking gymnasts. The emerging corporality and performance trend combined youthfulness und slimness with physical fitness and muscular tone, a combination that reflected the idealized woman of the 1970s. Sports photographs played a key role in distributing the "new" ideal of femininity. In this article, we consider how gymnasts' performances of the 1970s were visualized by examining a sample of professional sports photographs. We demonstrate how sports photographs construct and establish gender and body standards through their visual construction of gendered and de-gendered gymnastics performances.

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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
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