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  • 1.
    Breimer, Lars H.
    et al.
    Örebro University Hospital. Division of Clinical Chemistry, Dept of Laboratory Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Torbjörn K.
    Division of Clinical Chemistry, Dept of Laboratory Medicine, Örebro University Hospital (USÖ), Örebro, Sweden; Dept of Medical Biosciences/Clinical Chemistry, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Considerations for appointing an external examiner of a PhD in the biomedical sciences in Sweden: a questionnaire-based survey2014In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 98, no 3, p. 2039-2049Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A survey of 170 Swedish mentors of PhD-students found that expertise in the research field and avoidance of conflict of interest were big motivators for finding an examiner from abroad for PhD theses. The survey also identified that concern by supervisors for facilitating the career paths of younger scientists in terms of introductions to potential labs for post-doctoral work and obtaining high quality neutral review of one's research was also important, as was the desire to set up collaborations. An expectation from the management of one's university of the PR-value of a foreign senior person as examiner also played a part. Although few were willing to admit that PR for one's own group was a motivating factor. A small fraction of responders expressed concern that, as some of the costs of the PhD-examination were being shifted on to the research groups themselves, this might impact the current situation. Language also played a subordinate role. To get the best out of the visiting examiner, it was important to educate and instruct them in their role in a Swedish PhD-examination protocol. Male supervisors had had more PhD-candidates than female, but they also had used more Sweden-based examiners than their female colleagues. We conclude that using a foreign examiner was motivated by factors that are likely to prevail for the foreseeable future. This Swedish practice may also provide a template for a common standard.

  • 2.
    Sriwannawit, Pranpreya
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Economics and Management, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sandström, Ulf
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Large-scale bibliometric review of diffusion research2015In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 102, no 2, p. 1615-1645Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the fact that diffusion research has existed for more than a century, a quantitative review covering this subject in a broad and general context is still lacking. This article reviews diffusion research by providing an extensive bibliometric and clustering analysis. In total, we identified thirteen clusters comprising 6,811 publications over the period of 2002-2011, and thereby describe the characteristics of diffusion research in an extensive and general way based on quantitative bibliometric methods. The analysis reveals that diffusion research is highly interdisciplinary in character, involving several disciplines from ethnology to economics, with many overlapping research trails. The concluding section indicates that diffusion research seems to be data driven and relies heavily on solely empirical studies. Consequently, influential publications rely on empirical data that support and change theories in modest ways only. In this contribution, we propose a review method that produces a fairly good overview of the research area and which can be applied to any knowledge field to replace or complement the traditional literature review.

  • 3.
    van den Besselaar, Peter
    et al.
    Department of Organization Sciences & Network Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Sandström, Ulf
    Örebro University. INDEK, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gender differences in research performance and its impact on careers: a longitudinal case study2016In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 106, no 1, p. 143-162Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We take up the issue of performance differences between male and female researchers, and investigate the change of performance differences during the early career. In a previous paper it was shown that among starting researchers gendered performance differences seem small to non-existent (Van Arensbergen et al. 2012). If the differences do not occur in the early career anymore, they may emerge in a later period, or may remain absent. In this paper we use the same sample of male and female researchers, but now compare performance levels about 10 years later. We use various performance indicators: full/fractional counted productivity, citation impact, and relative citation impact in terms of the share of papers in the top 10 % highly cited papers. After the 10 years period, productivity of male researchers has grown faster than of female researcher, but the field normalized (relative) citation impact indicators of male and female researchers remain about equal. Furthermore, performance data do explain to a certain extent why male careers in our sample develop much faster than female researchers' careers; but controlling for performance differences, we find that gender is an important determinant too. Consequently, the process of hiring academic staff still remains biased.

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