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  • 1.
    Colins, Olivier
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium-Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Hawes, Samuel W.
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh PA, USA.
    Bijttebier, Patricia
    Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Pardini, Dustin A.
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh PA, USA.
    Psychometric Properties of the Original and Short Form of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits in Detained Female Adolescents2016In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, ISSN 0009-398X, E-ISSN 1573-3327, Vol. 47, no 5, p. 679-690Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the psychometric properties of the self-report version of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits in 191 detained female adolescents (M = 15.76, SD = 1.02). Evidence supporting the validity of the ICU scores was generally weak, largely due to poor functioning of the Unemotional subscale. Results from confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated support for a recently proposed shortened version of the ICU consisting of two subscales (Callousness and Uncaring). Both subscales showed acceptable to good internal consistency. This short-form version also improved criterion validity, though some issues regarding its convergent validity need further consideration. In conclusion, this study suggests that a short-form version of the ICU that includes a subset of the original items may hold promise as an efficient and valid method for assessing CU traits.

  • 2.
    Decuyper, Mieke
    et al.
    Department of Developmental, Personality and Social Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    Colins, Olivier F.
    Curium-Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands .
    De Clercq, Barbara
    Department of Developmental, Personality and Social Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    Vermeiren, Robert
    Curium-Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands; VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands .
    Broekaert, Eric
    Department of Orthopedagogy, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    Bijttebier, Patricia
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium .
    Roose, Annelore
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium .
    De Fruyt, Filip
    Department of Developmental, Personality and Social Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    Latent personality profiles and the relations with psychopathology and psychopathic traits in detained adolescents2013In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, ISSN 0009-398X, E-ISSN 1573-3327, Vol. 44, no 2, p. 217-232Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study constructed empirically derived subtypes of adolescent offenders based on general traits and examined their associations with psychopathology and psychopathic traits. The sample included 342 detained minors (172 boys and 170 girls; mean age 15.85 years, SD = 1.07) recruited in various Youth Detention Centers across the Flemish part of Belgium. All adolescents provided self-reports on the quick big five, the youth self report, and the youth psychopathic traits inventory to assess general traits, psychopathology, and psychopathic traits respectively. Latent class analyses based on general personality traits were performed and suggested three personality types, consisting of an emotionally labile, close-minded and goal-oriented class, an undercontrolled class, and an emotionally labile-careless class. These three personality types within detained minors showed particular constellations of general traits and differed meaningfully in terms of their mean-scores on externalizing psychopathology and psychopathy measures.

  • 3.
    Isen, Joshua
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL, USA.
    Tuvblad, Catherine
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA.
    Younan, Diana
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
    Ericson, Marissa
    Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA.
    Raine, Adrian
    Departments of Criminology, Psychiatry, and Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Baker, Laura A.
    Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA.
    Developmental Trajectories of Delinquent and Aggressive Behavior: Evidence for Differential Heritability2022In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, ISSN 0009-398X, E-ISSN 1573-3327, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 199-211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The developmental course of antisocial behavior is often described in terms of qualitatively distinct trajectories. However, the genetic etiology of various trajectories is not well understood. We examined heterogeneity in the development of delinquent and aggressive behavior in 1532 twin youth using four waves of data collection, spanning ages 9-10 to 16-18. A latent class growth analysis was used to uncover relevant subgroups. For delinquent behavior, three latent classes emerged: Non-Delinquent, Low-Level Delinquent, and Persistent Delinquent. Liability for persistent delinquency had a substantial genetic origin (heritability = 67%), whereas genetic influences were negligible for lower-risk subgroups. Three classes of aggressive behavior were identified: Non-Aggressive, Moderate, and High. Moderate heritability spanned the entire continuum of risk for aggressive behavior. Thus, there are differences between aggressive behavior and non-aggressive delinquency with respect to heterogeneity of etiology. We conclude that persistent delinquency represents an etiologically distinct class of rule-breaking with strong genetic roots.

  • 4.
    Klingzell, Ida
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Fanti, Kostas
    Department of Psychology, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.
    Colins, Olivier
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium-Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands.
    Frogner, Louise
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Early Childhood Trajectories of Conduct Problems and Callous-Unemotional Traits: The Role of Fearlessness and Psychopathic Personality Dimensions2016In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, ISSN 0009-398X, E-ISSN 1573-3327, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 236-247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children with early onset of conduct problems (CP) are at risk for long lasting psychosocial problems, especially if CP co-occurs with callous-unemotional (CU) traits. Joint trajectories of CP and CU traits during early childhood were identified using data from the SOFIA study, following 2031 children longitudinally from ages 3-5 to 5-7 years. The results showed that children exhibiting stable high CP and CU traits were characterized by high levels of fearlessness, and psychopathic traits, including grandiose-deceitfulness, and impulsivity, need for stimulation. Children with decreasing or increasing CP and CU traits were characterized by decreases and increases respectively in their levels of fearlessness and psychopathic traits. Children high on CP and low on CU traits exhibited lower levels of these dimensions. Thus, stability and change of fearlessness and psychopathic traits are associated with stability and change in CP and CU traits, making these temperamental and personality traits promising target candidates for early intervention.

  • 5.
    Lopez-Romero, Laura
    et al.
    Departamento de Psicología Clínica y Psicobiología, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain; Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, Univ Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
    Romero, Estrella
    Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, Univ of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Conduct problems in childhood and adolescence: developmental trajectories, predictors and outcomes in a six-year follow up2015In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, ISSN 0009-398X, E-ISSN 1573-3327, Vol. 46, no 5, p. 762-773Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding youth conduct problems requires examination from a developmental perspective, analyzing distinctive pathways across childhood and adolescence, and identifying early predictors which will lead to specific adolescent outcomes. Bearing this in mind, developmental trajectories of conduct problems were identified from a person-oriented perspective, and using data collected from three waves over a six-year period, in a sample of Spanish children aged 6-11 at the onset of the study. Conduct problems showed five distinctive trajectories which were grouped into three major pathways in further analyses: Stable low, Stable high, and Decreasing. Associations with early personality and psychopathic traits, as well as with a wide range of adolescent behavioral and psychosocial outcomes were examined, revealing the Stable high group as exhibiting the highest risk profile. These results contribute to improving our knowledge about one of the most relevant problems in youth populations, and will help in refining interventions strategies by recognizing the developmental heterogeneity of the construct.

  • 6.
    López-Romero, Laura
    et al.
    Departamento de Psicología Clínica y Psicobiología, Facultad de Psicología, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Rua Xose María Suárez Núñez S/N, Campus Sur, 15782, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Romero, Estrella
    Departamento de Psicología Clínica y Psicobiología, Facultad de Psicología, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Rua Xose María Suárez Núñez S/N, Campus Sur, 15782, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
    Cervin, Matti
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    In Search of Conceptual Clarity About the Structure of Psychopathic Traits in Children: A Network-Based Proposal2024In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, ISSN 0009-398X, E-ISSN 1573-3327Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Psychopathic traits in childhood have been revealed as potential identifiers of risk, being predictive of later forms of behavioral maladjustment. Yet, it is still under debate how psychopathic traits in children should be best conceptualized and which are the core dimensions for construct definition and prediction. The present study aims to examine the structure of psychopathic traits in childhood, and its predictive value, by using a combination of traditional factor analysis and more recent network-based methods. Data on psychopathic traits, as measured by the Child Problematic Traits Inventory (CPTI), were collected in a large sample of children (n = 2454; 48.2% girls), aged 3 to 6 at the onset of the study (Mage = 4.26; SD = 0.91), who were followed-up one and two years later using parent- and teacher-reports. Results showed that psychopathic traits measured via CPTI are best conceptualized as five latent factors encompassing grandiosity, deceitfulness, callousness, impulsivity and need of stimulation, a result that converged across informants and time. Callousness and grandiosity emerged as central traits using network analysis of parent-reports, while deceitfulness was most central using teacher-reports. Finally, callousness, impulsivity and deceitfulness emerged as the best predictors of concurrent, prospective and stable conduct problems. These results provide a refined structure of psychopathic traits in children that better accounts for the core elements of the construct. Additional theoretical and practical implications will be discussed in terms of assessment, diagnostic classification and tailored prevention/intervention.

  • 7.
    Marinopoulou, Maria
    et al.
    Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Child and Adolescent Habilitation, Region Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Billstedt, Eva
    Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Child Neuropsychiatric Clinic, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wessman, Catrin
    School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    Department of Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden; Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.
    Unenge Hallerbäck, Maria
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Department of Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Association Between Intellectual Functioning and Autistic Traits in the General Population of Children2023In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, ISSN 0009-398X, E-ISSN 1573-3327Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Autistic traits are continuously distributed in the general population. The associations between autistic traits and intellectual functioning and/or behavioural difficulties, and the impact of intellectual functioning on behavioural difficulties are unclear. The study aims to describe the distribution of autistic traits in a population-based cross-sectional sample of children. Further aims are to examine the association between intellectual functioning and autistic traits, and between autistic traits and behavioural difficulties. Wechsler scales and ratings of autistic traits and behavioural problems in 874 children aged 7-9 years in the Swedish Environmental Longitudinal Mother and Child, Asthma and Allergy (SELMA) study were assessed. We found a continuous distribution of autistic traits. Intellectual functioning was negatively associated with autistic traits but not with behavioural difficulties. Behavioural difficulties were associated with autistic traits.

1 - 7 of 7
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