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  • 1.
    Aarskog, Eirik
    et al.
    Department of Teacher Education and Outdoor Life Studies, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Barker, Dean
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Spord Borgen, Jorunn
    Department of Sports, Physical Education and Outdoor Studies, University of South-Eastern Norway, Notodden, Norway.
    'When it's something that you want to do.': Exploring curriculum negotiation in Norwegian PE2022In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 640-653Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Student participation in curriculum negotiation has been widely regarded as beneficial for student engagement, motivation, and learning. Within the physical education (PE) context however, several scholars claim that these benefits are seldom realized. Interestingly, most investigations into curriculum negotiation in PE focus on teacher actions and behavior. Investigations of students' actions in curriculum negotiation are rare. Further, while much of the literature claims curriculum negotiation is potentially beneficial for student learning, few of the conceptual and analytical frameworks utilized within previous PE literature are based on explicit learning theories.

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore student participation in curriculum negotiation in Norwegian PE through the lens of an explicit learning theoretical perspective.

    Method: A 10th grade class with 23 students (age 15-16) and an 8th grade class with 30 students (age 13-14) from 2 different schools, and their respective teachers were recruited for the project. Within these classes, participatory observation, video observations, and stimulated recall interviews were conducted to produce empirical material related to curriculum negotiation. The material then underwent qualitative thematic analysis where select parts of John Dewey's educational philosophy were used as the analytical framework.

    Results and discussion: With a basis in the analytical framework developed from Deweyan educational philosophy, the results show that students within the two contexts participate in both explicit and implicit forms of curriculum negotiation. Explicit curriculum negotiations to a large degree appear to be governed by the teachers and are deemed by teachers to be part of strategies for upholding Norwegian legislations and recommendations for including students in curricular decision-making. While not as easily noticeable, implicit forms of negotiations were more prominent within the explored contexts. The analysis also suggests that from a Deweyan perspective, possibilities to increase learning through curriculum negotiations occur when teachers notice, help, and guide students in their own reflective processes surrounding how to act in PE. Such pedagogical action makes implicit negotiations occurring more explicit, and explicit negotiations more intelligent.

  • 2.
    Aass, Lisbeth Kjelsrud
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (MH), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway.
    Moen, Øyfrid Larsen
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (MH), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway.
    Skundberg-Kletthagen, Hege
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (MH), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway.
    Lundqvist, Lars-Olov
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. University Health Care Research Center.
    Schröder, Agneta
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (MH), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway; Faculty of Medicine and Health, University Health Care Research Center, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Family support and quality of community mental health care: Perspectives from families living with mental illness2022In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 31, no 7-8, p. 935-948Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim and objectives: Describe patients' and family members' perceptions of family support from nurses and other mental healthcare professionals, and quality of care in community mental healthcare service. Further, compare the perceptions of patients and family members.

    Background: While patients value family involvement, family members feel unprepared and lack the necessary skills to be supportive. Since healthcare professionals predominantly focus on patients, they may fail to understand the complex needs of families. Family perceived support and quality of community mental health care may vary across patients and family members.

    Design and methods: Cross-sectional study with patients suffering from mental illness and family members in community mental healthcare services in Norway. Altogether 86 participants, of whom 33 patients and 33 family members had a family relationship-paired samples. Participants filled in the translated version of the Iceland Family Perceived Support Questionnaire (FPSQ-N) and Quality in Psychiatric Care-Community Out-Patient (QPC-COP) and Community Out-Patient Next of Kin (QPC-COPNK). STROBE checklist was used.

    Results: Family members scored family perceived support and quality of community mental health care lower than patients. Family members feel the loss of support. Patient and family members found the Patient-healthcare professionals' relationship to be of high quality, while family members gave low score to being respected and invited to take part in care by nurses and other mental healthcare professionals.

    Conclusion: Family members' unmet need of support highlights the need for nurses and other community mental healthcare professionals to assess complex family needs and to intervene. Barriers to collaboration exist, and family members need to be respected and invited into community mental health care. Relevance to clinical practice Contributes knowledge of how to meet the family's needs and provides a basis for further care and treatment development in similar contexts nationally and internationally.

  • 3.
    Aass, Lisbeth Kjelsrud
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (MH), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway.
    Skundberg-Kletthagen, Hege
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (MH), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway.
    Schröder, Agneta
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (MH), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway.
    Moen, Øyfrid Larsen
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (MH), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Gjøvik, Norway.
    It's Not a Race, It's a Marathon!: Families Living with a Young Adult Suffering from Mental Illness2021In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 15-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore families' perceptions of everyday life when living with a young adult suffering from mental illness. Findings include: 1) Families balance between letting go and enabling the young adult to become independent while remaining close to help him/her complete education, work and have a social life. 2) Young adults try to deal with symptoms of mental illness by themselves and not be a burden, although longing for family members to understand them and the situation. 3) Healthcare professionals still hold back information although young adults have consented to giving family members insight.

  • 4.
    Aass, Lisbeth Kjelsrud
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Gjøvik, Norway.
    Skundberg-Kletthagen, Hege
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Gjøvik, Norway.
    Schröder, Agneta
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Gjøvik, Norway; Faculty of Medicine and Health, University Health Care Research Center, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Moen, Øyfrid Larsen
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Gjøvik, Norway.
    Young Adults and Their Families Living With Mental Illness: Evaluation of the Usefulness of Family-Centered Support Conversations in Community Mental Health care Settings2020In: Journal of Family Nursing, ISSN 1074-8407, E-ISSN 1552-549X, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 302-314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of Family-Centered Support Conversations (FCSC) offered in community mental health care in Norway to young adults and their families experiencing mental illness. The FCSC is a family nursing intervention based on the Calgary Family Assessment and Intervention Models and the Illness Beliefs Model and is focused on how family members can be supportive to each other, how to identify strengths and resources of the family, and how to share and reflect on the experiences of everyday life together while living with mental illness. Interviews were conducted with young adults and their family members in Norway who had received the FCSC intervention and were analyzed using phenomenography. Two descriptive categories were identified: "Facilitating the sharing of reflections about everyday life" and "Possibility of change in everyday life." The family nursing conversations about family structure and function in the context of mental illness allowed families to find new meanings and possibilities in everyday life. Health care professionals can play an important role in facilitating a safe environment for young adults and their families to talk openly about the experience of living with and managing mental illness.

  • 5.
    Abay, Selamawit
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Segerdahl, Anna
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Kommunikation mellan vårdpersonaloch patienter med afasi till följd av strokeEn litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Kommunikation mellan vårdpersonal och patienter med afasi till följd av stroke En litteraturstudie
  • 6.
    Abdallah Athumani, Ngenya
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Characterization of tick-born encephalitis and West Nile virus non-structural 5 protein interactions with host factors involved in immune evasion and cellular apoptosis.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Characterization of tick-born encephalitis and West Nile virus non-structural 5 protein interactions with host factors involved in immune evasion and cellular apoptosis.
  • 7.
    Abdi, Yasmin
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Tinnitus i relation till livskvalité: En jämförande studie mellan personer med normal hörsel och personer med hörselnedsättning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8.
    Abdillahi Diriye, Aliya
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Eskilsson, Julia
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Anhörigas erfarenheter av att vårda närstående med Alzheimers sjukdomEn litteraturstudie2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Alzheimers sjukdom är den vanligaste demenssjukdomen och är en av våra största folksjukdomar. Det är en degenerativ sjukdom som är svårbehandlad. Alzheimers sjuka är i behov av vård och assistans. Anhöriga försöker anpassa sig efter de nya omständigheterna och utmaningar som Alzheimers sjukdom medför.Syftet: Syftet var att beskriva anhörigas erfarenheter av att vårda närstående med Alzheimers sjukdom.Metod: En litteraturstudie med systematisk sökning och deskriptiv design utfördes. Artiklarna söktes fram i databaserna Cinahl, Medline och PsycInfo.Resultat: Anhöriga som var vårdgivare till en anhörig med Alzheimers sjukdom upplevde många påfrestningar. Det är ett stressigt arbete och att bli vårdgivare har förändrat deras liv. Diagnosen skapade även konflikter i relationer eftersom de behövde samarbeta. Vilket kön vårdgivaren har och vilken relation som personer har till vårdtagaren spelar roll i vårdprocessen.Slutsats: Anhöriga erfarenhet att vårda närstående med Alzheimers sjukdom påverkar deras liv mestadels negativt. Det är en svår utmaning för de anhöriga att ta på sig rollen som vårdgivare. Alzheimers sjukdom ökar i världen och det är viktigt att sjuksköterskor och andra professioner inom hälso-och sjukvård kan stödja de anhöriga som är vårdgivare och få en inblick i vad de går igenom.

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    Anhörigas erfarenheter av att vårda närstående med Alzheimers sjukdom En litteraturstudie
  • 9.
    Abdirahman, Fatma
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Leijon, Emma
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Att vårda patienter som är suicidalaUr sjuksköterskans perspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Att vårda patienter som är suicidala Ur sjuksköterskans perspektiv
  • 10.
    Abdow Hussein, Mona
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Kasic, Meliha
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Omvårdnadsåtgärder som främjarhälsa hos patienter med hjärt-­ ochkärlsjukdom.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Omvårdnadsåtgärder som främjar hälsa hos patienter med hjärt-­ och kärlsjukdom.
  • 11.
    Abdulkadir, Suhaila
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Gadolinium vid MR-undersökning av MS-patienter: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 12.
    Abdullah, Ghariba
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Abdi Yusuf, Hayat
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Att hantera en Kronisk Sjukdom: En litteraturstudie om kvinnors coping-strategier vid endometrios.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Att hantera en Kronisk Sjukdom: En litteraturstudie om kvinnors coping-strategier vid endometrios.
  • 13.
    Abdullah, Hadeel
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Norgren, Linn
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Arbetsrelaterad stress och stresshantering hos yrkesverksamma arbetsterapeuter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 14.
    Abdullahi Ossoble, Rage
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Use of and patient satisfaction with removable partial dentures and the impact on oral health related quality of life; a cross-sectional survey study2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Removable partial dentures (PRD) are among the treatment options available for partially edentulous patients. The usage of RPD and patient satisfaction with the prosthesis relates to Oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL).

    Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of RPDs, satisfaction with the prostheses as well as OHRQoL in patients provided with a RPD in general practice. A further aim was to identify possible factors related to RPD usage, patient satisfaction and OHRQoL.

    Material and method: A cross-sectional survey study, utilizing a questionnaire regarding patient satisfaction with different aspects of the participants RPD, the Swedish version of OHIP-14 questionnaire and the usage of the prosthesis.

    Results: A majority of respondents, (83.6%) reported that they used their prosthesis daily or often. The overall satisfaction rate among respondents was 83.0% with 39.3% stating that they were highly satisfied with the prosthesis and the mean OHIP- 14 score was 8.5, SD 10.2. The chewing ability was reported to be improved by 58.9% but impairment in chewing was reported by 26.8%. Pain from supporting teeth and soft tissue, sociodemographic factors and dissatisfaction with pre-treatment information and personal treatment were associated with not using the RPD.

    Conclusions: In the present study, treatment with RPD was in most patients associated with improvement in chewing and appearance. Insufficient pretreatment information, perception of treatment and pain from supporting tissue was associated with reduced use of and satisfaction with the RPD.

  • 15.
    Abrahamsson, Anna
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Aldegren, Sandra
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Kan musik pre- och intraoperativt lindra patientens postoperativa smärta? -en litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Kan musik pre- och intraoperativt lindra patientens postoperativa smärta? -en litteraturstudie
  • 16.
    Abrahamsson, Ebba
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Nyman, Emma
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Den hjälpande handen i arbetet: En intervjustudie om hörseltekniska hjälpmedel: konferenshjälpmedel2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Den hjälpande handen i arbetet - En intervjustudie om hörseltekniska hjälpmedel: konferenshjälpmedel
  • 17.
    Abrahamsson, Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Gustafsson, Madelene
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Smärtlindrande metoder vid nålrelaterade procedurer på barn –en litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 18.
    Abrahamsson, Linda
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Redlund, Victoria
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av treskiftarbete utifrån ett biopsykosocialt perspektiv. En intervjustudie2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 19.
    Abrahamsson, Vilhelm
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Ögren, Oscar
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    En didaktisk analys av idrottslärarstudenters möte med en akademiserad utbildning2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idrottslärarutbildningen har historiskt beskrivits som starkt traditionsbunden där praktiskafärdigheter har varit en del av det huvudsakliga målet med utbildningen. I takt med tiden harutbildningen genomgått en akademisering där teoretiska innehåll och forskningsfält har fåttallt större utrymme. På grund av utbildningens starka prägel av tradition lever uppfattningenom att praktisk kunskap är den mest värdefulla till viss del fortfarande kvar, trotsutbildningens numera teoretiska karaktär. Därav är syftet med denna studie att undersökavilka perspektiv som konkurrerar om att göra anspråk på undervisningstiden. Vidare ämnar viundersöka vilka didaktiska konsekvenser som riskerar inträffa till följd av den praktisk lagdaidrottslärarstudenten och en alltmer akademiserad utbildning. Som ett resultat avakademiseringen har flera kritiska perspektiv velat få mer utrymme på PETE. Dessaperspektiv ämnar vi undersöka och redogöra för i resultatdelen.

    Som metod för arbetet genomfördes en systematisk litteraturstudie. En systematisklitteraturstudie karaktäriseras av att kritiskt granska, systematiskt söka och sammanställalitteratur inom ett avgränsat område för att skapa en ny syntes av tidigare studiers data.Resultatet av studien identifierade följande kritiska perspektiv: Social justice, Genderequality, Interkulturell kompetens och Models based practice. Dessa perspektiv beskrivs idagsläget inte få tillräckligt mycket utrymme på utbildningen. I diskussionen analyserar viresultatet utifrån en didaktisk triangel och identifierar vilka didaktiska konsekvenser somriskerar inträffa till följd av en praktisk lagd idrottslärare och en alltmer akademiseradutbildning. Efter studien kunde vi komma till slutsatsen att idrottslärare riskerar fleradidaktiska utmaningar i sitt kommande yrkesliv. Om studenten inte värderar de kritiskaperspektiven under utbildningens gång riskerar både eleven och innehållet att drabbas.

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  • 20.
    Abrahamsson, Ylva
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Aronowitsch, Lovisa
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors användning av ultraljud vid insättning av perifer venkateter - patientens upplevelser och påverkan på vården2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 21.
    Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Department of Medicine, Health and Caring Sciences, Medical Education, Linköping University, Linköping, SE, Sweden.
    Valeskog, Karin
    Department of Medicine, Health and Caring Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy Linköping University, Linköping, SE, Sweden.
    Johansson, Kajsa
    Department of Medicine, Health and Caring Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy Linköping University, Linköping, SE, Sweden.
    Edelbring, Samuel
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Understanding clinical reasoning: A phenomenographic study with entry-level physiotherapy students2022In: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040, Vol. 38, no 13, p. 2817-2826Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Entry-level students' conceptualizations of clinical reasoning can provide a starting point for program planning related to clinical reasoning development with a focus on patient-centered care.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to explore how physiotherapy students understand clinical reasoning midway through their education. Nine physiotherapy students were interviewed at the end of their third semester.

    METHODS: Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted, recorded and transcribed verbatim. A phenomenographic approach to qualitative data analysis, seeking to explore variations in students' conceptions was applied.

    RESULTS: The students' ways of understanding clinical reasoning could be described as: 1) the cognitive process of the physiotherapist; and 2) the relational process of the collaborative partnership between the physiotherapist and the patient. A contrastive analysis shows how the cognitive and relational perspectives are developed through the relationships among three dimensions of clinical reasoning: 1) problem-solving; 2) context of working; and 3) own learning.

    CONCLUSION: By identifying the critical variation in students' conceptions of clinical reasoning, focus can be placed on pedagogical arrangements to facilitate students' progression toward a person-centered approach.

  • 22.
    Abreu, Miguel Henriques
    et al.
    Department of Medical Oncology, Portuguese Oncology Institute of Porto (IPO-Porto), Porto, Portugal; Porto Comprehensive Cancer Center Raquel Seruca (PCCC), Porto, Portugal.
    Lillsunde-Larsson, Gabriella
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Bartosch, Carla
    Porto Comprehensive Cancer Center Raquel Seruca (PCCC), Porto, Portugal; Department of Pathology, Portuguese Oncology Institute of Porto (IPO-Porto), Porto, Portugal; Cancer Biology & Epigenetics Group, Research Center of Portuguese Oncology Institute of Porto (CI-IPO-Porto)/Health Research Network (RISE@CI-IPO-Porto), Portuguese Oncology Institute of Porto (IPO-Porto), Porto, Portugal.
    Ricardo, Sara
    Differentiation and Cancer Group, Institute for Research and Innovation in Health (i3S) of the University of Porto, Porto, Portugal; 1H-TOXRUN - One Health Toxicology Research Unit, University Institute of Health Sciences (IUCS), CESPU, CRL, Gandra, Portugal; Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine from University of Porto (FMUP), Porto, Portugal.
    Editorial: New molecular approaches to improve gynecological cancer management2023In: Frontiers in Oncology, E-ISSN 2234-943X, Vol. 13, article id 1235035Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Abucar, Ramla
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Utvärdering av prestanda vid olika reaktionsvolymer med QuantStudio qPCR samt jämförelse mellan två pipetteringsrobotar2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a biochemical and molecular laboratory technique that is used for amplification of specific gene sequences. There are different variants of PCR. A more developed version is quantitative PCR (qPCR). In qPCR the fluorescence intensity is measured in realtime during each qPCR cycle. 

     

    Aim: The purpose of the project is to evaluate whether the reaction volume can be reduced by half, which leads to using less material and thus make the method more cost-effective.

     

    Matherial & method: Synthetic DNA sequence (gBlock) was diluted and set up in a standard curve with seven standards and used for 20 μl and 10 μl reaction volume, respectively. Each standard consisted of 4 replicates. To evaluate Duplex vs Singelplex, standard curve was prepared in combination with a constant concentration of another assay. To investigate intra-plate variation, identical reactions were set up in all wells of the PCR-plate.

     

    Results: All experiments yielded detectable amplification products. The Cq value was used to calculate the mean and standard deviation, as well as the efficiency and R2 value

     

    Conclusion:  The obtained results showed that the reaction volumes 10 and 20 µl are comparable. In duplex assay, genes with low gene expression can be analyzed with genes that have 10,000x higher gene expression. In intraplate-assay variation, the variation in the standard deviation increased in the right side of PCR-plate. 

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  • 24.
    Adamsson, Heidi
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av telefonrådgivning: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25.
    Adaszak, Sofie
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Gustafsson, Johanna
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Källström, Åsa
    Örebro University, School of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Holmefur, Marie
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Farias Vera, Lisette
    DepaKarolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Navigating barriers and facilitators to support victims of violence in a close relationship with cognitive disability: Social workers´ perspectives2023Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The risk of violence in close relationships is higher for people with cognitive disabilities than in the general population. This is due to social isolation, and physical or financial dependence on others in everyday activities. To enable adequate protection for these victims, social workers need to take decisions and provide support that is based on knowledge about both violence and disability-related needs. By contrast, people with cognitive disabilities are de facto less likely to be provided with support adapted to their needs. Therefore, this study explores how social workers navigate barriers and facilitating aspects to support victims of violence with cognitive disabilities.Data were collected in individual interviews with 18 social workers, and analysed using content analysis. The inclusion criteria were 3 years or more experience in identifying and/or assessing exposure to violence in close relationships among people with cognitive disabilities.

    The emerging categories illustrate how social workers face dilemmas when navigating the balance between individuals’ rights for self-determination and complex needs for protection and support. The policies that frame social workers' practice in Sweden are discussed in relation to the need for flexible interventions and accessible support based on interprofessional collaboration related to violence and cognitive disability. The categories also problematize the power dynamics involved and how different actors’ experiences, values, and power influence the support process. The different actors involved add to the complexity that social workers need to navigate.

    This presentation focus on how social workers' practice is governed and hindered by policy, a focus on individuals' rights for self-determination, and the need to support and protect a group that may have difficulties to identify both violence and their needs for support.

  • 26.
    Adler, Madeleine
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Hugosson, Elin
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Att vårda både barn och vuxna på en gemensam akutmottagning: - En fenomenografisk studie 2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 27.
    Adlitzer, Helena
    et al.
    Regionalt cancercentrum Stockholm Gotland, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden; Region Gotland, Visby, Sweden.
    Andershed, Birgitta
    Ersta Sköndal Högskola, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Axelsson, Bertil
    Östersunds sjukhus, Östersund, Sverige; Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sverige.
    Blomberg, Karin
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Fridegren, Inger
    Nacka Närsjukhus, Nacka, Sverige.
    Friedrichsen, Maria
    Palliativt kompetenscentrum Östergötland, Vrinnevisjukhuset, Norrköping, Sverige; Linköpings Universitet,Linköping, Sverige.
    Fürst, Carl-Johan
    Palliativt utvecklingscentrum, Lunds universitet, Lund, sverige; Region Skåne, Kristianstad, Sverige.
    Heedman, Per-Anders
    Palliativt kompetenscentrum i Östergötland, Vrinnevisjukhuset, Norrköping, Sverige.
    Henoch, Ingela
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborg, Sverige; Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Kenne Sarenmalm, Elisabeth
    FoU Centrum, Skaraborgs sjukhus, Skövde, Sverige.
    Löfdahl, Elisabet
    Palliativa sektionen Stockholms Universitet, Stockholm, Sverige; Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Melin-Johansson, Christina
    Mittuniversitetet, Östersund, Sverige.
    Molander, Ulla
    Sahlgrenska Universitetssjukhuset, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Persson, Hans
    Danderyds sjukhus, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Pessah-Rasmussen, Hélène
    Skånes Universitetssjukhus (SUS), Lund, Sverige.
    Rasmussen, Birgit H
    Lunds universitet, Lund, Sverige; Region Skåne, Kristianstad, Sverige.
    Schaufelberger, Maria
    Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Seiger Cronfalk, Berit
    Ersta Sköndal Högskola, stockholm, Sverige; Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Silk, Gerd
    Kvalitets- och utvecklingsenheten, Region Gotland, Visby, Sverige.
    Strang, Peter
    Karolinska Institutet Stockholm, Sverige; Stockholms Sjukhem, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitetssjukhus, Linköping, Sverige.
    Tavemark, Sofia
    Örebro kommun, Örebro, Sverige.
    Ternestedt, Britt-Marie
    Ersta Sköndal Högskola, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Wennman-Larsen, Agneta
    Sophiahemmet Högskola, Stockholm, Sverige; Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm,Sverige.
    Wikström, Gerhard
    Uppsala Universitet, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Österlind, Jane
    Ersta Sköndal högskola, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Palliativ vård i livets slutskede: Nationellt vårdprogram2016Report (Other academic)
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    Palliativ vård i livets slutskede: Nationellt vårdprogram
  • 28.
    Adolfsson, Adam
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Ideellt engagemang: En studie om motivationen bakom det ideella engagemanget inom idrotten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Ideellt engagemang
  • 29.
    Adolfsson, Annsofie
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. University College of Southeast Norway, Tonsberg, Norway.
    Hagander, Anna
    University College, Skövde, Sweden.
    Mahjoubipour, Farzane
    University College, Skövde, Sweden.
    Larsson, Per-Göran
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden; University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    How Vaginal Infections Impact Women's Everyday Life: Women's Lived Experiences of Bacterial Vaginosis and Recurrent Vulvovaginal Candidiasis2017In: Advances in Sexual Medicine, ISSN 2164-5191, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reoccurring symptoms and persistent problems that continue post treatment can becharacteristic of the vaginal infections Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) and recurrent vulvovaginalcandidiasis (RVVC). The purpose of this study was to describe women’s lifeexperiences in managing the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis and Candida. Sixteenwomen were recruited and participated in an interview study when they contacted aSwedish gynecology clinic with vaginal complaints that ranged from and includedabnormal discharge, irritation itching along with serious malodor. An interpretivephenomenological approach was used with an individual interview to get a more intimateunderstanding of the women experiencing these problems. The finding of thisstudy shows that managing the recurrent symptoms of the infections remains to be achallenge for women as it has a clearly negative impact on the quality of their lives.Four themes developed: frustration and mood disorders, intimacy changes in the relationship,exposure, hope and relief. The women had high hopes of eliminating thesymptoms within the six-month study period. The treatment program, with itswell-developed guidelines and continuity of care within the context of the studygreatly improved the quality of life of these women. Women had feelings of frustrationand anxiety when nothing could cure their problem while they had also a greathope to get rid of the symptoms with a long striking treatment. Well-developedguidelines and continuity of care can help these women to have an improved qualityof life.

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  • 30.
    Adolfsson, Annsofie
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Jordmorfag, Innen
    Fakultet for helsevitenskap, Institutt for sykepleievitenskap – Vestfold, University College of Southeast, Kongsberg, Norway.
    The EKC-Model Provides Empathy, Knowledge and Care for Women that Encounter Health issues During the Reproductive Life2016In: International Journal of Gynecology & Clinical Practices, ISSN 2394-4986, Vol. 3, article id 121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The EKC model (Empathy, Knowledge and Care) provides the necessary empathy, knowledge andcare for the women who encounter health issues during their reproductive life. This approach to caring requires that healthcare workers are knowledgeable in order to confirm that a patient has suffered a miscarriage or a IUFD (Intra-uterine fetus death). Through understanding and training in the EKC model the healthcare professional increases their ability to be sympathetic and empathetic to a patient’s needs. The workers get training in sexual and reproductive health in order to intimately understand how they affect the lives of individuals and their families.                                                                            l

    Sexual and reproductive health is a cross-sectional science that includes medicine, psychology, sociology and the caring sciences. Some of the more commonly experienced issues are in the areas of spontaneous abortion, miscarriages, invitrofertilization and adoption. Issues such as sexual abuse and violence towards women is another issue that is treatable with the EKC model. Pregnant women with diabetes type 1 fall under “maternity and diabetes” issues.

    Intimate knowledge about how the grieving process works is essential to be able to provide the necessary support to the patient. It is possible that the support will give them the courage and motivation to try and conceive again. One key aspect of the EKC model is to provide open and clear communication between the healthcare personnel and the patient, whether that communication is done face-to-face or otherwise. The structured EKC conversation provides a viable tool to help healthcare professionals assist their patients in coming to terms and resolving their loss.

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  • 31.
    Adolfsson, Christoffer
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Tomaszewski, Maciej
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Ambulanspersonalens erfarenheter av att utföra triage vid massolycksfall En deskriptiv litteraturstudie på systematisk grund2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    fulltext
  • 32.
    Adolfsson, Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Kjellèn Leion, Jenny
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Virtual reality, framtidens intervention: En kartläggning av arbetsterapeuters inställning till och användning av virtual reality, en kvantitativ studie2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Virtual reality (VR) är en välfärdsteknik som passar att använda inom hab-/rehabilitering. VR ger personen möjlighet till ett effektivt upprepat rörelsemönster samt att den kan utföras i en säker och virtuell miljö. Det finns dock inte i någon större utsträckning beskrivet hur svenska arbetsterapeuters inställning till och användningen av VR ser ut. Syftet med studien var att undersöka arbetsterapeuters inställning till och användning av Virtual Reality. Metod: Det gjordes en tvärsnittsstudie med kvantitativ metod. Datainsamlingen skedde genom en webbenkät, publicerad i en sluten Facebookgrupp, Arbetsterapeuter på Facebook. Det var totalt 91 personer som besvarade enkäten. Data analyserades med SPSS och EXCEL. Resultat: Endast 7 personer (7,7%) använder sig av VR i arbetet. Av dem som inte använder VR svarade 60 personer (65,9%) att de var intresserade av att göra det men att det bland annat är brist på kunskap och resurser som gör att det inte används idag. Enligt de respondenter som använder sig av VR är fördelarna att det är lättare att bibehålla motivationen, spänningen och når fler personer. Nackdelar kan vara att det inte passar alla och att tekniken kan krångla. Slutsats: Det är få arbetsterapeuter som använder VR idag men de flesta uppger ett intresse. Det verkar som att verksamheten och den digitala utvecklingen inom vården i Sverige inte är lika långt komna inom digitaliseringen, som vissa andra delar av världen, baserat på denna studie. Därav behövs vidare forskning om att använda VR inom svensk arbetsterapipraxis.

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    Virtual reality, framtidens intervention - En kartläggning av arbetsterapeuters inställning till och användning av virtual reality, en kvantitativ studie
  • 33.
    Adolfsson, Linda
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Muckenhirn, Malin
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av att anmäla till socialtjänsten när ett barn misstänks fara illaFaktorer som påverkar rapporteringen2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 34.
    Adolfsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Heybroek, Isabell
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    En oväntad förlust -En litteraturstudie om stöd vid missfall: An unexpected loss-A literature study on support following miscarriage2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    En oväntad förlust -En litteraturstudie om stöd vid missfall
  • 35.
    Adolfsson, Tobias
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Carlsson, Emil
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Beskrivning av interventioner för rökavvänjning för individer med KOL diagnos: - En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Beskrivning av interventioner för rökavvänjning för individer med KOL diagnos
  • 36.
    Adrelius, Ann-Kristin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Schultz, Ellinor
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Omvårdnadspersonals upplevelser i vårdandet av personer med självskadebeteende2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Omvårdnadspersonals upplevelser i vårdandet av personer med självskadebeteende
  • 37.
    Adriansson, Susanne
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Johansson, Lillemor
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att mötavåldsutsatta kvinnor på akutmottagningar.- Våld i nära relation.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att möta våldsutsatta kvinnor på akutmottagningar. - Våld i nära relation.
  • 38.
    Afsaneh, Hayat Roshanai
    et al.
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Gunnel, Janeslätt
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Disability and Habilitation, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Center for Clinical Research Dalarna, Uppsala university, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Suzanne, White
    State University of New York Downstate Medical Centre, Brooklyn NY, USA.
    Lidström-Holmqvist, Kajsa
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. University Health Care Research Centre.
    Time management skills in relation to general self-efficacy and parental sense of competence in individuals with and without cognitive disabilities2019In: Cogent Psychology, E-ISSN 2331-1908, Vol. 6, no 1, article id 1655981Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate to what extent time management skills are associated with general self-efficacy and parental sense of competence, and if there are any differences between individuals with and without cognitive disabilities in these aspects.

    Material and Methods: The study had a comparative cross-sectional design. Totally 86 individuals with cognitive disabilities (of whom 31 were parents), and 154 without disabilities (of whom 68 were parents) were included (N = 240). The Swedish versions of the Assessment of Time Management Skills (including time management, organisation & planning, and regulation of emotion subscales), General Self-Efficacy, and Parental Sense of Competence scale (including satisfaction, efficacy, and interest subscales) were used to collect data.

    Results: There were significant differences (p < .001) between individuals with and without cognitive disabilities in all three subscales of Assessment of Time Management Skills and in General Self-Efficacy. Overall, individuals with a cognitive disability scored lower than persons without cognitive disabilities. A significant difference was observed between parents in all three subscales of time management skills after controlling for age and education (p < .0005). Parents with cognitive disabilities, compared to parents without cognitive disability, scored significantly lower in all measured scales, except for the interest subscale. In parents with a cognitive disability, there was a significant correlation between all three subscales of Time Management Skills and satisfaction. Among parents without a cognitive disability there was a significant correlation between time management; and organisation & planning subscales; and efficacy, and between General Self-Efficacy and time management.

    Conclusions: Poor time management, planning and organisational skills, as well as a deficit in regulation of emotions may have a negative impact on general self-efficacy and parental sense of competence.

  • 39.
    Aggerholm, Kenneth
    et al.
    Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Standal, Øyvind
    Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Barker, Dean
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Håkan
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (GIH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    On Practising in Physical Education: Outline for a pedagogical model2018In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 197-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Models-based approaches to physical education have inrecent years developed as a way for teachers and students toconcentrate on a manageable number of learning objectives, and alignpedagogical approaches with learning subject matter and context. Thispaper draws on Hannah Arendt’s account of vita activa to map existingapproaches to physical education as oriented towards: (a) health andexercise, (b) sport and games, and (c) experience and exploration.Purpose: The aim of the paper is to outline a new pedagogical model forphysical education: a practising model. We argue that the form of humanactivity related to practising is not well represented in existingorientations and models. To sustain this argument, we highlight themost central aspects of practising, and at the same time describe centralfeatures of the model.Relevance and implications: The paper addresses pedagogicalimplications the practising model has for physical education teachers.Central learning outcomes and teaching strategies related to fouressential and ‘non-negotiable’ features of the practising model arediscussed. These strategies are: (1) acknowledging subjectivity andproviding meaningful challenges, (2) focusing on content and the aimsof practising, (3) specifying and negotiating standards of excellence and(4) providing adequate time to practising.Conclusion: The practising model has the potential to inform newperspectives on pedagogical approaches, and renew and improveworking methods and learning practices, in physical education.

  • 40.
    Agha, Ella
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Driest, Hanna
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelse av palliativ vård2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 41.
    Aginger, Joel
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    ”God hälsa handlar alltså lika mycket om knoppen som om kroppen”: En diskursanalytisk och komparativ studie av två läroböcker för idrottsämnet författade åren 1988 och 20122019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ungdomar når inte upp till rekommenderade dosen av fysisk aktivitet, den psykiska ohälsan har ökat, samtidigt som många ungdomar inte trivs i skolan. Idrottsämnet som innefattar undervisning om hälsa har visat sig betona den fysiska hälsan framför den psykiska och sociala hälsan. Elever riskerar då att inte få tillräckliga kunskaper om hälsa som ett holistiskt hälsoperspektiv kan bidra med. Idrottsämnet har även historiskt betonat den fysiska hälsan. Läroböcker kan användas som verktyg i undervisningen och främja kunskaper om exempelvis hälsa. Syftet med studien har således varit att undersöka hur hälsa skildrats i gymnasieläroböcker författade åren 1988 och 2012. Det har visat hur mycket utrymme och på vilket sätt olika typer av hälsa beskrivits i läroböckerna. Frågeställningarna har varit: Vilka hälsodiskurser kan urskiljas och hur skildras de i läroböckerna? Vad finns det för likheter och skillnader gällande skildringen av hälsa i läroböckerna och vad kan det få för eventuella didaktiska konsekvenser i undervisningen? Diskursanalys har använts som metod i kombination med en hälsoteori med sedan tidigare identifierade hälsodiskurser. Även en komparativ metod har använts för att jämföra likheter och skillnader i läroböckernas hälsoskildring. Resultatet visar att flera hälsodiskurser har identifierats, där fysiologidiskursen och riskdiskursen dominerar. Fördelningen av hälsodiskurser var liknande i läroböckerna. Läroboken från år 2012 var mer detaljerad i skildringen av hälsa än läroboken från år 1988. Läroböckerna utgår från WHO:s definition av hälsa, dock skiljer sig hälsoskildringen. Läroboken från år 1988 domineras av den fysiska hälsan, och när psykisk och social hälsa skildras är det endast i relation till fysisk aktivitet. I läroboken från år 2012 får den fysiska hälsan mest utrymme, men hälsoskildringen är mer holistisk, när exempelvis psykisk och social hälsa skildras är det inte enbart i relation till fysisk aktivitet. Läroböckerna förhåller sig till de motsvarande läroplanerna Lgy 70 och Lgy 11. Lärare och elever bör vara kritiska till innehållet i läroböckerna, då de förmedlar olika hälsoideal som på olika sätt kan kategorisera elever. Kommunaliseringen kan ha en påverkan hur hälsa skildras i undervisningen. Läroboken från år 1988 kan i stor grad likställas med forskningsläget där det problematiserats att den fysiska hälsan dominerat. Lärobok från år 2012 motsäger sig en majoritet av forskningsläget då den förmedlar hälsa mer holistiskt, vilket kan främja en god kunskap om hälsa hos elever, i nuet och även i framtiden.

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    ”God hälsa handlar alltså lika mycket om knoppen som om kroppen”
  • 42.
    Agnesdotter, Moa
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Ingletto, Ida
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Suicidprevention inom ramen för sjuksköterskerollenBedömning och förhållningssätt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Suicidprevention inom ramen för sjuksköterskerollen Bedömning och förhållningssätt
  • 43.
    Agorander, Isabella
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Fagrell, Michaela
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenhet av att vårda vuxna cancerpatienter i livets slutskede2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 44.
    Aguilera, Katherina
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Development and validation of a nucleosome-based calibration standard for application in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay quantifying H3Cit-DNA complexes in human plasma2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 45.
    Ahl, Hanna
    et al.
    Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Mats
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Norman, Elisabeth
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Sjöström Strand, Annica
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Olsson, Emma
    Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Bruschettini, Matteo
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Pain scales in clinical trials in newborn infants: a mapping of the evidence2018Other (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Ahl Lundell, Rebecca
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Rodmar, Nathalie
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av att utföra åtgärder för barn med olika funktionsnedsättningar i grundskolan2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I Sverige har barn skolplikt och behöver därmed ha en bra och fungerande skolgång. Barn med funktionsnedsättningar kan löpa större risk för att inte bli delaktiga i undervisning och gemenskap jämfört med barn utan funktionsnedsättningar. Detta på grund av en otillgänglig miljö. Arbetsterapeutens roll inom grundskolan är att utföra åtgärder för att tillgängliggöra aktivitet. Enligt vår kännedom saknas denna kompetens ofta inom skolan som kan utföra åtgärder för barn med funktionsnedsättningar. Syfte: Att beskriva arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av att utföra åtgärder i grundskolan för barn med olika typer av funktionsnedsättningar. Metod: Examensarbetet har en kvalitativ design där data har samlats in med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer med nio arbetsterapeuter med anställning inom barn- och ungdomshabilitering, barn- och ungdomspsykiatri och barnklinik. Data har analyserats med kvalitativ innehållsanalys med induktiv ansats. Resultat: Arbetsterapeuterna hade liknande erfarenheter av att utföra åtgärder i skolmiljön. Deras aspekter sammanställdes i fyra kategorier: Funktionsnedsättningar ger behov av arbetsterapi i skolan, Betydelsefullt att observera i skolmiljö, Optimalt samarbete har betydelse för skolmiljön och Skolans ekonomi och oklar ansvarsfördelning påverkar åtgärder. Slutsats: Barn med olika funktionsnedsättningar har olika behov av arbetsterapeutiska åtgärder i skolan, och därmed är det viktigt att arbetsterapeuter får möjlighet att observera barnet i skolmiljön. Samarbetet mellan skolpersonal och arbetsterapeut är viktigt för att skapa en bra skolmiljö, men något som begränsar arbetsterapeuternas arbete för barn med funktionsnedsättningar är skolans ekonomi och att riktlinjer mellan kommuner och regioner är otydliga.

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    Arbetsterapeuters erfarenheter av att utföra åtgärder för barn med olika funktionsnedsättningar i grundskolan
  • 47.
    Ahlander, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Department of Radiology, Ryhov County Hospital, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Arestedt, Kristofer
    Center for Collaborative Palliative Care, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Maret, Eva
    Department of Clinical Physiology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Radiology, Ryhov County Hospital, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Engvall, Jan E.
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Center of Image Science and Visualization, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Ericsson, Elisabeth
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Development and validation of a questionnaire evaluating patient anxiety during Magnetic Resonance Imaging: the Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Anxiety Questionnaire (MRI-AQ)2016In: 19th Annual SCMR Scientific Sessio: Meeting abstracts, BioMed Central, 2016, Vol. 18 S1, article id P312Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: MR examinations of the heart are sometimes negatively affected by anxiety that could have been detected by the pre-scan administration of a suitable questionnaire and psychological support given. To better understand patient experience during the examination and to evaluate psychological intervention, use of general anxiety scales is unsuitable and an MR-specific questionnaire was developed.

    Methods: A new questionnaire, MRI-AQ, was designed from patient expressions of anxiety in MRI-scanners. The patient sample was recruited between October 2012 and October 2014. Factor structure was evaluated with exploratory factor analysis and internal consistency with Cronbach’s alpha. Criterion-related validity, known-group validity and test-retest was evaluated. The new instrument was compared with the Spielberg State Anxiety Index (STAI), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD), and with nine statements from the Fear Survey Schedule developed by Lukins et al.

    Results: In total, 247 participants (54.7 ± 14.3 years), referred for MRI examinations of either the spine or the heart, accepted to participate in the study. The development and validation of MRI-AQ resulted in 15 items which could be used as an overall global score or as two sub scale scores. Cronbach’s alpha was found to be high (a = 0.90). MRI-AQ correlated higher with instruments measuring anxiety than with depression scales. Known-group validity demonstrated a higher level of anxiety for patients undergoing MRI scan of the heart than for those examining the spine (p < 0.01). Test-retest reliability demonstrated acceptable level for the scale (ICC = 0.90; CCC = 0.90). Conclusions: MRI-AQ bridges a gap among existing questionnaires, making it a simple and useful tool for measuring patient anxiety during MRI examinations.

  • 48.
    Ahlander, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Engvall, Jan
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Ericsson, Elisabeth
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Anxiety during Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the spine in relation to scanner design and size.2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Magnetic resonance imaging in closed-bore scanners is at times anxiety-ridden. Open scanners are easier to tolerate. Manufacturers are working towards making the bores wider and shorter.

    Aim

    To compare patient anxiety in closed-bore scanners with bore diameters of 62cm and 70 cm compared to that of open design scanners.

    Method

    Consecutive patients referred for examination of the spine in 62 cm and 70 cm scanners and one open design were asked to participate. Most of those who were scheduled for examination in the open scanner, was it due to problems with closed bores. For anxiety evaluation, four questionnaires were used:

     Before the examination: Spielberger State and Trait anxiety – state (STAI-S) [1]. Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale, Anxiety (HAD-A) and depression (HAD-D) [2], The Magnetic Resonance Imaging- Fear survey schedule (MRI-FSS) [3].  

    Directly after the examination: The Magnetic Resonance Imaging- Anxiety Questionnaire (MRI-AQ) consisting of two factors anxiety and relaxation [4], STAI-S, patients also ranged their level of worry and experience.

    One week after the examination: MRI-AQ, HAD, MRI-FSS

    Result

    155 patients responded to the questionnaires before and immediately after the examination. 109 responded also one week after. Patients in the open scanner rated higher levels of anxiety (<0.001) before, directly after and one week after the examination, compared to closed bore scanners. No difference was found in the patient scores between the 62 cm and the 70 cm scanners on the examination day. At follow-up, patients in the 62 cm bore rated their examination experience lower (<0.05), compared to patients in the 70 cm bore.

    Conclusion

    In conclusion patient experience of the examination was similar in the 62 cm and 70 cm bores immediately after the examination. However, patient recall of the examination was more pleasant for those examined in the 70 cm bore scanner.

    MRI in an open scanner may be the only way for patients with anxiety problems to endure an examination. If open scanners are unavailable, different interventions are needed to enable these patients to undergo an examination. Patient anxiety in connection with MRI is a challenge for the radiographers necessitating constant improvements in technology and interventions.

     

    1.         Spielberger CD, Goursch, R.L., Lushene, R.E.: Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologist Press 1970.

    2.         Zigmond AS, Snaith RP: The hospital anxiety and depression scale. Acta Psychiatr Scand 1983, 67(6):361-370.

    3.         Lukins R, Davan IGP, Drummond PD: A cognitive behavioural approach to preventing anxiety during magnetic resonance imaging. Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry 1997, 28(2):97-104.

    4.         Ahlander BM, Arestedt K, Engvall J, Maret E, Ericsson E: Development and validation of a questionnaire evaluating patient anxiety during Magnetic Resonance Imaging: the Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Anxiety Questionnaire (MRI-AQ). J Adv Nurs 2016, 72(6):1368-1380.

  • 49.
    Ahlander, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Ryhov County Hospital, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Engvall, Jan
    Department of Clinical Physiology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Center of Medical Image Science and Visualization, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Ericsson, Elisabeth
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Anxiety during magnetic resonance imaging of the spine in relation to scanner design and size2020In: Radiography, ISSN 1078-8174, E-ISSN 1532-2831, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 110-116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Magnetic resonance imaging in closed-bore scanners sometimes provokes anxiety but closed-bore designs have gradually become wider and shorter. Open scanners may be easier to tolerate. The aim was to compare patient anxiety during MRI between bore diameters of 60 cm and 70 cm, and to determine the current level of patient anxiety and experience in open scanners in a clinical setrting.

    Methods: Consecutive patients referred for examination of the spine in 60 cm and 70 cm bores and one open scanner participated. Four established/validated questionnaires, answered before, directly after (N = 155) and one week after (N = 109) the MRI-examination were used, measuring anxiety, fear and depression.

    Results: No difference was found in the patient scores of anxiety between the 60 cm and the 70 cm scanners on the examination day. At follow-up, patients in the 70 cm bore rated their examination experience better (p < 0.025), compared to patients in the 60 cm bore. Patients in the open scanner rated higher levels of anxiety (p < 0.001) before, directly after and one week after the examination, compared to the closed bore scanners.

    Conclusion: Scanners with a 70 cm diameter bore seem more tolerable than those with a 60 cm bore. Patients referred to the open scanner had on average a higher tendency to express anxiety. Still, patient anxiety in MRI is challenging and further research required.

    Implications for practice: Patients prefer to be examined in 70 cm bore scanners compared with 60 cm. If open scanners aren't available extended support may be necessary for the most anxious patients.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Anxiety during Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the spine in relation to scanner design and size
  • 50.
    Ahlander, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Engvall, Jan
    Department of Clinical Physiology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Center of Medical Image Science and Visualization, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Maret, Eva
    Department of Clinical Physiology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden; Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ericsson, Elisabeth
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Positive effect on patient experience of video information given prior to cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging: A clinical trial2018Conference paper (Refereed)
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