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  • 1.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Through a post-political gaze: on the ideological loading of democracy in the coverage of Chávez's Venezuela2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Rooted in ideology critique, this dissertation studies the construction of democracy in the coverage of Venezuela during the era of President Hugo Chávez. The aim of this endeavor is twofold. First, the dissertation aims to understand the relationship between ideology and the construction of democracy in journalism on foreign political phenomena. Second, it attempts to explore the ways in which the relationship between ideology and democracy in journalism serves to legitimize or delegitimize the struggle for social justice in nations in the global South vis-à-vis the political and economic fundamentals of global capitalism.

    The dissertation comprises three articles that study the construction of democracy in depictions of the Venezuelan political system and its key political actors. Article I studies the construction of (il)legitimate democracy in relation to the Venezuelan government, Article II explores the construction of difference between Chávez’s supporters and his opponents, and Article III studies the coverage of the coup d’état against Chávez in 2002. All three articles are methodologically rooted in critical discourse analysis and rely on materials from a sample of three elite newspapers: Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US).

    Across the studies, there are four macro-strategies that in different ways serve to ideologically load the notion of democracy. Three of these strategies – the constructs of populism, of power concentration and of difference – serve to define political deviance and to (de)legitimize political actors in relation to democracy. The fourth macro-strategy, relativization, serves to justify actions that contradict established democratic principles but serve greater politico-ideological goals.

    (De)legitimation in relation to democracy corresponds with the closeness of a group of actors to the dominant political practices and values within global capitalism. Journalistic reporting thus follows a post-political gaze; it is generally in accordance with the political consensus that characterizes the post-Cold War era. Through this gaze, any challenge to the political tenets of global capitalism fails on democratic grounds.

    List of papers
    1. Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela
    2014 (English)In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 12, no 2, 802-821 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Despite scholarly consensus about the importance of the media for democracy, scant attention has been paid to what democracy means to journalistic discourse and how discourses on democracy are interrelated with legitimacy. The aim of this paper is to explore how (il)legitimate democracy is constructed in newspaper discourse. By using critical discourse analysis (CDA), this paper examines foreign news items about Venezuela, a country that under the presidency of Hugo Chávez has challenged the dominant global political and economic orders. The analysis section focuses on two discourses about the Venezuelan government: the constructions of populism  and power concentration, which serve to mark deviance from what is perceived as a legitimate democracy. This paper argues that a liberal perception of democracy constitutes a central framework for the construction of (il)legitimate democracy, which is revealed not least by news discourse’s focus on what is morally unacceptable political conduct according to liberal democratic norms. In this respect, the media discourse serves to denounce potential abuses of governmental power but fail to recognize democracy in the context of a social struggle against the effects of neoliberalism and capitalism. In this case, the news media is hegemonic in the Gramscian sense, because it provides a framework of democracy that remains within the dominant economic and political structures.

    Keyword
    Democracy; Media; Journalism; Discourse; Ideology; Legitimacy; Liberalism; Foreign News, Venezuela, Hugo Chávez
    National Category
    Media and Communications
    Research subject
    Media and Communication Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39610 (URN)
    Available from: 2014-12-11 Created: 2014-12-11 Last updated: 2017-03-07Bibliographically approved
    2. Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Through Eurocentric logics: The construction of difference in foreign news discourse on Venezuela
    2016 (English)In: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 15, no 1, 94-115 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore the construction of difference in foreign news discourse on culturally similar but politically different non-Western subjects. Applying critical discourse analysis (CDA) together with a critique of Eurocentrism, the study examines difference in newspaper constructions of government supporters and oppositional groups in Venezuela. Discursive differences are evident in the strategies used for constructing the two groups with regard to political rationality and violence. Government supporters are associated with social justice, Venezuela's poor, dogmatic behavior, and the use of political violence. The opposition, in contrast, is constructed as following a Western democratic rationale that stresses anti-authoritarianism. This group is primarily associated with victims of violence. While the opposition is conveyed as being compatible with Eurocentric values and practices, government supporters to great extent deviate from these norms. Such constructions serve to legitimize politico-ideological undercurrents of Eurocentrism, as the defense of liberalism.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2016
    Keyword
    critical discourse analysis, difference, Eurocentrism, foreign news, ideology, legitimacy, media, postcolonialism, Venezuela
    National Category
    Media and Communications
    Research subject
    Media and Communication Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39875 (URN)10.1075/jlp.15.1.05aba (DOI)000375712400005 ()2-s2.0-84969706233 (ScopusID)
    Available from: 2014-12-17 Created: 2014-12-17 Last updated: 2017-02-08Bibliographically approved
    3. First hegemony, then democracy: on ideology and the media discourse on the coup against Hugo Chávez
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>First hegemony, then democracy: on ideology and the media discourse on the coup against Hugo Chávez
    2012 (English)In: OBS - Observatorio, ISSN 1646-5954, Vol. 6, no 3, 105-128 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the media discourse on the 2002 coup d’état against the government of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela, with the aim of exploring how ideology in media discourse helps construct democracy in a Latin American political context. Critical discourse analysis is used to examine written pieces from Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US). The study finds that the discourse on the overthrow and the events preceding it constructs the coup as a potential victory for democracy and as the definitive end of Chávez. However, after the failure of the coup and the reinstallation of Chávez one can perceive discursive renegotiations, such as the publishing of non-fundamental criticism of the overthrow. The study argues that the media discourse on the coup displays a highly relativistic attitude towards democracy, which serves the interests of the elite classes in Venezuela and of US hegemony in global politics. The article also argues that the flexibility of the discourse at hand shows the need for a detailed analysis of how ideology is (re)formed in media discourse.

    Keyword
    Critical discourse analysis, democracy, ideology, hegemony, news media, Hugo Chávez
    National Category
    Media and Communications
    Research subject
    Media and Communication Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-25730 (URN)
    Available from: 2012-09-06 Created: 2012-09-06 Last updated: 2016-10-18Bibliographically approved
  • 2.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Through a Eurocentric lens: Difference and (de)legitimacy in foreign news discourse on Venezuela2013In: Ida Blom Conference, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Constructing democratic (de)legitimacy: Venezuela in foreign news discourse2013In: NordMedia Conference, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    First hegemony, then democracy: on ideology and the media discourse on the coup against Hugo Chávez2012In: OBS - Observatorio, ISSN 1646-5954, Vol. 6, no 3, 105-128 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the media discourse on the 2002 coup d’état against the government of Hugo Chávez in Venezuela, with the aim of exploring how ideology in media discourse helps construct democracy in a Latin American political context. Critical discourse analysis is used to examine written pieces from Dagens Nyheter (Sweden), El País (Uruguay), and the New York Times (US). The study finds that the discourse on the overthrow and the events preceding it constructs the coup as a potential victory for democracy and as the definitive end of Chávez. However, after the failure of the coup and the reinstallation of Chávez one can perceive discursive renegotiations, such as the publishing of non-fundamental criticism of the overthrow. The study argues that the media discourse on the coup displays a highly relativistic attitude towards democracy, which serves the interests of the elite classes in Venezuela and of US hegemony in global politics. The article also argues that the flexibility of the discourse at hand shows the need for a detailed analysis of how ideology is (re)formed in media discourse.

  • 5.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    The slum-dwellers and the Latin American normal: the construction of chavistas and the Venezuelan opposition in foreign news discourse2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Constructing (Il)Legitimate Democracy: Populism and Power Concentration in Newspaper Discourse on Venezuela2014In: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society / Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 12, no 2, 802-821 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite scholarly consensus about the importance of the media for democracy, scant attention has been paid to what democracy means to journalistic discourse and how discourses on democracy are interrelated with legitimacy. The aim of this paper is to explore how (il)legitimate democracy is constructed in newspaper discourse. By using critical discourse analysis (CDA), this paper examines foreign news items about Venezuela, a country that under the presidency of Hugo Chávez has challenged the dominant global political and economic orders. The analysis section focuses on two discourses about the Venezuelan government: the constructions of populism  and power concentration, which serve to mark deviance from what is perceived as a legitimate democracy. This paper argues that a liberal perception of democracy constitutes a central framework for the construction of (il)legitimate democracy, which is revealed not least by news discourse’s focus on what is morally unacceptable political conduct according to liberal democratic norms. In this respect, the media discourse serves to denounce potential abuses of governmental power but fail to recognize democracy in the context of a social struggle against the effects of neoliberalism and capitalism. In this case, the news media is hegemonic in the Gramscian sense, because it provides a framework of democracy that remains within the dominant economic and political structures.

  • 7.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Johansson, Håkan
    Olsson, Tobias
    Emerging patterns in the era of e-governance: a study of users of 'Swedish public employment service' on internet2012In: Media in the swirl / [ed] Ravi K. Dhar, Pooja Rana, New Delhi: Pentagon Press , 2012, 1, 114-125 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Abbas, Bafrin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Lärarkompetenser i samhällskunskap: Lärarens syn på ämnes-, didaktiska och sociala kompetenser2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 9.
    Abbas, Bafrin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    VILKA FÖRÄNDRINGAR HAR ÄGT RUM?: En analys av sex barn- och ungdomsböcker som skildrar en förändring i lärar- och elevrollen samt deras relation.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 10.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    The impact of political conviction on the relation between winning or losing and political dissatisfaction: findings from Sweden2014In: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, Sage Open, ISSN ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Election outcomes, or more specifically belonging to a political minority or majority, have a significant impact on citizens’ attitudes toward the political system and political involvement. This study aims to broaden our understanding in these regards by taking into account the effects of people’s political convictions on the relation between belonging to a political minority or majority and their dissatisfaction with the performance of the political system. Using a person-oriented approach, four groups of citizens were identified on the basis of their attachment to political parties. The group of people who were not politically attached to any of the political parties were the most dissatisfied, whereas supporters of parties in government were the least dissatisfied. Moreover, supporters of opposition parties who had high levels of political conviction were more dissatisfied than supporters of opposition parties who had lower levels of political conviction. Overall, the findings of this study show that it is crucial to take into account the individual characteristics of citizens when studying the relations between election outcomes and political attitudes.

  • 11.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Transcending dichotomies: The many faces of youth dissatisfaction in democracy2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the recent scholarly debates over changing citizenship attitudes and norms in advanced democracies, especially when it comes to rising levels of political dissatisfaction, opinion about the political role of young people is divided. For some scholars, they represent a driving force behind the development of new kinds of citizenship values, and constitute an asset to the functioning of political systems. For others, they pose a potential threat to the health of representative democracy, because of their increasing levels of dissatisfaction and civic disengagement. By contrast with these two competing approaches, this dissertation advances the argument that a more balanced view of young people’s political activities is called for. Adopting a quantitative approach, it aims therefore to contribute to better theoretical and empirical understanding of young people’s political dissatisfaction, and to explain their role in a democratic society. Considering different aspects of dissatisfaction, the current dissertation contributes to previous research in significant ways. Among others things, it adds to our knowledge by showing empirically that, in terms of political dissatisfaction, young people constitute a heterogeneous group, with different political roles and profiles, ranging from the healthy to the more threatening. Moreover, it contributes to previous research by highlighting the crucial role played by fair teachers in providing linkages between young citizens and the wider political system. All in all, the findings in the current dissertation have implications for the ongoing debate over the role and significance of young people in the functioning of democratic systems, and also for political socialization research.

    List of papers
    1. Understanding critical citizenship and other forms of public dissatisfaction: an alternative framework
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding critical citizenship and other forms of public dissatisfaction: an alternative framework
    2012 (English)In: Politics, Culture and Socialization, ISSN 1866-3427, Vol. 3, no 1-2, 179-196 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has paid much attention to citizen dissatisfaction and the trends of growing political disaffection, cynicism, and scepticism – in short, the emergence of 'critical citizens'. Also, more recently, critical citizens have sometimes been viewed as an asset for democracy. However, despite both pessimistic and optimistic interpretations of public criticism, the issue of conceptualizing negative attitudes has received less attention. The present study was conducted to enrich understanding of this particular dimension of citizens' attitudes. To this end, the paper suggests an alternative theoretical framework for analysing various forms of negative political orientations. The framework has been tested empirically using three types of statistical procedures, which demonstrate its validity and usefulness.

    Keyword
    Critical citizens, political dissatisfaction, political disaffection, negative political orientations, political attitudes, youths
    National Category
    Political Science
    Research subject
    Political Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-27846 (URN)
    Projects
    PSP, Political Socialisation Program
    Available from: 2013-03-04 Created: 2013-03-04 Last updated: 2015-02-11Bibliographically approved
    2. Dissatisfied citizens: an asset or a burden in democratic functioning of a society?
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dissatisfied citizens: an asset or a burden in democratic functioning of a society?
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Past research has shown that, whereas the majority of people in democracies support the idea of democracy as a form of governance, some citizens are dissatisfied with the democratic institutions and the way democracy performs. In this paper, we examined democratic characteristics of dissatisfied youths to understand the role they play in the democratic functioning of a society. Based on youth’s dissatisfaction with the performance of political institutions and the principles of democracy, we identified four groups distinct of citizens. Then, we compared these groups in terms of their political engagement, knowledge and interest, values and attitudes, and law breaking attitudes. The results showed that youths with high levels of principle- and performance-driven dissatisfaction were less likely to participate in politics, less knowledgeable and interested in political issues, and more likely to break the laws, even if people got hurt compared to other three groups. In contrast, youths who were only dissatisfied with the performance of democratic institutions were more likely to participate in politics, and have higher humanistic values and tolerance towards immigrants. By examining distinct groups of dissatisfied citizens and their democratic characteristics, the current study contributes to the general debate on the role of dissatisfied citizens in democracies.

    Keyword
    dissatisfied citizen, critical citizen, performance-driven dissatisfaction, principledriven dissatisfaction, democracy, attitudes to law-breaking
    National Category
    Political Science
    Research subject
    Political Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35330 (URN)
    Available from: 2014-06-11 Created: 2014-06-11 Last updated: 2016-12-12Bibliographically approved
    3. The impact of political conviction on the relation between winning or losing and political dissatisfaction: findings from Sweden
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of political conviction on the relation between winning or losing and political dissatisfaction: findings from Sweden
    2014 (English)In: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, Sage Open, ISSN ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 4, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Election outcomes, or more specifically belonging to a political minority or majority, have a significant impact on citizens’ attitudes toward the political system and political involvement. This study aims to broaden our understanding in these regards by taking into account the effects of people’s political convictions on the relation between belonging to a political minority or majority and their dissatisfaction with the performance of the political system. Using a person-oriented approach, four groups of citizens were identified on the basis of their attachment to political parties. The group of people who were not politically attached to any of the political parties were the most dissatisfied, whereas supporters of parties in government were the least dissatisfied. Moreover, supporters of opposition parties who had high levels of political conviction were more dissatisfied than supporters of opposition parties who had lower levels of political conviction. Overall, the findings of this study show that it is crucial to take into account the individual characteristics of citizens when studying the relations between election outcomes and political attitudes.

    Keyword
    political dissatisfaction, political attachment, election outcomes, political conviction, political minority, political majority
    National Category
    Political Science
    Research subject
    Political Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35056 (URN)10.1177/2158244014535414 (DOI)
    Available from: 2014-05-15 Created: 2014-05-15 Last updated: 2015-02-11Bibliographically approved
    4. Procedural fairness and political trust among young people: evidence from a panel study on Swedish high school students
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Procedural fairness and political trust among young people: evidence from a panel study on Swedish high school students
    2015 (English)In: Acta Politica, ISSN 0001-6810, E-ISSN 1741-1416, Vol. 50, no 3, 253-278 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The role of ‘fair’ institutions in developing democratic legitimacy has received increased attention. Citizens who perceive – on basis of past experiences – that they are being treated fairly by authorities have been held to have greater trust in political institutions. However, previous studies on the relationship between procedural fairness and political trust have not paid sufficient attention to individuals with limited first-hand experiences of authorities. We examine the relationship on an authority that virtually all individuals meet early in life: the school. Using structural equation modeling on unique panel data covering 1,500 Swedish adolescents (ages ranging from 13 to 17), we find a reciprocal relationship: personal encounters with school authorities shape young people’s political trust; however, the images that adolescents get of the political system (through family, peers, media, etc.) have also consequences on their perceptions about the authorities they encounter in their daily lives. The analysis increases our understanding of how individuals form their political allegiances by showing that the relationship between fairness and trust is more dynamic than has previously been suggested: neither an accumulated set of experiences of authorities nor formal ties with political institutions (as voters, etc.) are required for a relationship to emerge. 

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Palgrave Macmillan Ltd., 2015
    Keyword
    Procedural fairness, political trust, reciprocal, school, adolescents, Sweden, structural equation modeling
    National Category
    Political Science
    Research subject
    Political Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35331 (URN)10.1057/ap.2014.22 (DOI)000359176500001 ()
    Note

    This study was made possible by access to data from the Political Socialization Program, a longitudinal research program at YeS (Youth & Society) at Örebro University, Sweden. Responsible for the planning, implementation, and financing of the collection of data in this project were Professors Erik Amnå, Mats Ekström, Margaret Kerr, and Håkan Stattin. The data collection was supported by grants from the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation. Moreover, the participation of Pär Zetterberg in the writing of this study was made possible by a grant from the Swedish Research Council.

    Available from: 2014-06-11 Created: 2014-06-11 Last updated: 2017-03-24Bibliographically approved
  • 12.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    CIVIC.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Fitzgerald, Jennifer
    University of Colorado at Boulder, USA.
    The popularization of unpopular ideas: Discord among friends and intolerance toward immigrants in Sweden2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Youth & Society.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Youth & Society.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    En arena för tillit och tolerans?2016In: Föreningen, jaget och laget: 7 perspektiv påmidrotrens  demokratiska effekter, Stockholm: Centrum för idrottsforskning , 2016, 27-46 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Södertörns högskola, Centrum för Östersjö- och Östeuropaforskning (CBEES).
    Understanding critical citizenship and other forms of public dissatisfaction: an alternative framework2012In: Politics, Culture and Socialization, ISSN 1866-3427, Vol. 3, no 1-2, 179-196 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has paid much attention to citizen dissatisfaction and the trends of growing political disaffection, cynicism, and scepticism – in short, the emergence of 'critical citizens'. Also, more recently, critical citizens have sometimes been viewed as an asset for democracy. However, despite both pessimistic and optimistic interpretations of public criticism, the issue of conceptualizing negative attitudes has received less attention. The present study was conducted to enrich understanding of this particular dimension of citizens' attitudes. To this end, the paper suggests an alternative theoretical framework for analysing various forms of negative political orientations. The framework has been tested empirically using three types of statistical procedures, which demonstrate its validity and usefulness.

  • 15.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Department of Government, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Procedural fairness and political trust among young people: evidence from a panel study on Swedish high school students2015In: Acta Politica, ISSN 0001-6810, E-ISSN 1741-1416, Vol. 50, no 3, 253-278 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of ‘fair’ institutions in developing democratic legitimacy has received increased attention. Citizens who perceive – on basis of past experiences – that they are being treated fairly by authorities have been held to have greater trust in political institutions. However, previous studies on the relationship between procedural fairness and political trust have not paid sufficient attention to individuals with limited first-hand experiences of authorities. We examine the relationship on an authority that virtually all individuals meet early in life: the school. Using structural equation modeling on unique panel data covering 1,500 Swedish adolescents (ages ranging from 13 to 17), we find a reciprocal relationship: personal encounters with school authorities shape young people’s political trust; however, the images that adolescents get of the political system (through family, peers, media, etc.) have also consequences on their perceptions about the authorities they encounter in their daily lives. The analysis increases our understanding of how individuals form their political allegiances by showing that the relationship between fairness and trust is more dynamic than has previously been suggested: neither an accumulated set of experiences of authorities nor formal ties with political institutions (as voters, etc.) are required for a relationship to emerge. 

  • 16.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Özdemir, Metin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Van Zalk, Maarten
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Dissatisfied citizens: an asset or a burden in democratic functioning of a society?Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Past research has shown that, whereas the majority of people in democracies support the idea of democracy as a form of governance, some citizens are dissatisfied with the democratic institutions and the way democracy performs. In this paper, we examined democratic characteristics of dissatisfied youths to understand the role they play in the democratic functioning of a society. Based on youth’s dissatisfaction with the performance of political institutions and the principles of democracy, we identified four groups distinct of citizens. Then, we compared these groups in terms of their political engagement, knowledge and interest, values and attitudes, and law breaking attitudes. The results showed that youths with high levels of principle- and performance-driven dissatisfaction were less likely to participate in politics, less knowledgeable and interested in political issues, and more likely to break the laws, even if people got hurt compared to other three groups. In contrast, youths who were only dissatisfied with the performance of democratic institutions were more likely to participate in politics, and have higher humanistic values and tolerance towards immigrants. By examining distinct groups of dissatisfied citizens and their democratic characteristics, the current study contributes to the general debate on the role of dissatisfied citizens in democracies.

  • 17.
    Abdelzadeh, Hewa
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Benca, Jasmin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Orientalismens vindar blåser ännu: En kritisk diskursanalys av Dagens Nyheters och Aftonbladets nyhetsrapportering om Stockholm respektive Oslo- och Utøyadåden2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 18.
    Abdul Khalil, Rohina
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    HUR PÅVERKAR EUROPEISERINGEN SVERIGES UTRIKESDEKLARATIONER?: Perioden 1988 - 20122014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 19.
    Abrache, Cassandra
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Keffel, Christine
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Storytelling- en kosmetisk gest eller reell delaktighet?: – En studie i användningen av strategiskt berättande hos två organisationersom arbetar för omställning.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en fallstudie där vi har valt att undersöka hur två organisationer som arbetar med klimatomställning använder storytelling. Den ena organisationen, EU, har drivit projektet Leader sedan 1990-talet, den andra är Svenska Naturskyddsföreningen som 2013 skapade en julkalender för sin hemsida. I studien undersöks sambandet mellan organisationernas bild av engagemang och berättelsernas struktur. Studien utgår från två teoretiska perspektiv Governmentality och narrativ teori. Sökningen av berättelserna har skett genom ett målstyrt urval och två kvalitativa metoder har tillämpats: text– och narrationsanalys.

  • 20.
    Abrahamsson, Hanna
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Mobbning: - en jämförelsemellan två arenor2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 21.
    Abrahamsson, Kristin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Ett åldrande Sverige: En studie om konsekvenser och åtgärder på nationell och kommunal nivå.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen handlar om den åldrande befolkningen som är ett internationellt fenomen och en viktig samhällsutmaning. Fokus i uppsatsen ligger på nationell och framför allt kommunal nivå. Syftet är att redogöra för konsekvenserna av en åldrande befolkning och att redogöra för de åtgärder som finns på nationell nivå och framför allt på kommunal nivå genom att undersöka fyra utvalda kommuner (Örebro, Kumla, Hällefors och Ljusnarsberg). Syftet är även att kartlägga andelen äldre i svenska kommuner. Både kvantitativ och kvalitativ metod har använts. Det kvantitativa materialet utgörs av offentlig statistik och det kvalitativa materialet utgörs av åtta intervjuer, två intervjuer för varje kommun. 

  • 22.
    Adam, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Malek, Michelle
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Stödinsatser: En kvalitativ studie om hur pedagoger upplever sitt arbete i skolan med elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    Adamsson, Sara
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Att integrera trygghet i planeringen: En fallstudie av Örebro kommuns trygghetsarbete i Vivalla2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 24.
    Adenwala, Adil
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Mediatization of News: Analysis on Initial News Coverage of Osama Bin Laden's Death by Jang Group (one of the leading media moguls) of Pakistan.2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25.
    Adolfsson, Emma
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Fler män än kvinnor?: En studie av könsobalans bland unga vuxna i Sveriges kommuner2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats handlar om den skeva könsfördelningen bland ungdomar i åldern 20-24 år i Sverige.

    Fokus som kommer framförallt att ligga på ett kommunalt perspektiv men också efter SKL:s kommungruppsindelning. Syftet är dels att undersöka hur själva könsfördelningen ser ut runt om i landet, men också genom att undersöka vad konsekvenserna kan bli för Sverige på en kommunal såväl som en nationell nivå. Nedslag kommer att göras i två kommuner i olika delar av landet. Båda kommunerna har en väldigt stor snedfördelning mellan könen i ålderskategorin 20-24 år. Frågeställningarna som uppsatsen utgår från är: – I vilka typer av kommuner finns det en obalans mellan män och kvinnor i åldern 20-24 år? – Vilka konsekvenser skapar en skev könsfördelning för Sverige på såväl nationell som kommunal nivå? – Hur arbetas det förebyggande för att minska den skeva könsfördelningen på kommunal nivå? – Hur kommer det sig att vissa kommuner har en större könsobalans är andras? Hur kan detta motverkas? I uppsatsen kommer både kvalitativ och kvantitativ metod att användas. Den kvalitativa delen utgörs av två intervjuer och den kvantitativa delen utgörs av offentlig statistik som presenteras med hjälp av kartor och tabeller.

    De huvudsakliga slutsatserna som arbetet kommer fram till att anledningen till att vi på ett nationellt perspektiv gått från ett kvinnoöverskott till ett mansöverskott framförallt har orsakas av att dagens män lever allt längre i kombination med att det föds fler män än kvinnor. Den kommunala snedfördelningen är framförallt orsakad av flyttningar där kvinnor i lite högre utsträckning än männen väljer att lämna hemkommunen för storstäder respektive studentstäder. Orsaken grundas bland annat i att kvinnor i högre utsträckning påbörjar högskolestudier än vad män gör. De kommungrupperna med skevast könsfördelning, från högst till lägst är "varuproducerande kommuner, "glesbygdskommuner" och slutligen "pendlingskommuner". De kommungrupper med jämnast könsfördelning är "större städer" följt av "storstäder". De konsekvenser som kan uppkomma ur ett nationellt perspektiv är bland annat samhällsklimatet blir hårdare. En större andel bittra män som upplever sig som ratade av både samhället och av kvinnor löper ökad risk för att utveckla kriminellt beteende och extremism. Svårigheterna med att hitta en partner leder till att vi får barn allt senare. Ur ett kommunalt perspektiv är den minskande andelen ung och arbetsför befolkning de största problemen. Många mindre kommuner har en högre andel äldre vars vårdbehov ökar. Kommuner med en hög andel män utvecklar lätt ett väldigt patriarkal samhällsklimat vilket både skrämmer bort unga kvinnor men också har en negativ effekt på männens hälsa. För att undvika ovanstående problem behövs det bland annat att det arbetas mer aktivt med jämställdhetsfrågor ute bland mindre orter. Det måste även bli mer attraktivt att stanna kvar i småkommunerna och arbetsgivare måste visa att det finns andra yrken än bara inom industrin och vården. Ur ett nationellt perspektiv måste det satsas på att höja mäns betyg i skolan.

  • 26.
    Adolfsson, Jessica
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Lindevall, Vilhelm
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Politiskt kvitter : En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av politisk kommunikation på Twitter 2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27.
    Affa, Maria
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Diavati, Angelica
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Målstyrning idag: En studie om upplevelsen av målstyrt arbete inom en akademi2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Ahl, Emma
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Konstruktion av könsmönster: -En kvalitativ studie om pedagogers förhållningssätt till barn i förskolan.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien är en kvalitativ studie med syfte att undersöka och analysera pedagogernas förhållningssätt i samspelet med barnen och vilken betydelse det kan ha för hur kön konstrueras i förskolans praktik. Metoderna som har använts är deltagande observationer tillsammans med fältanteckningar. Den teoretiska bakgrunden består av det feministiska poststrukturalistiska perspektivet, där dess centrala begrepp sedan används  som analysverktyg.Resultatet pekar på att pedagogernas förhållningssätt skapar diskurser som bidrar till konstruktionen av stereotypa könsmönster. När pedagogerna antar att diskurserna om pojkar och flickor ser olika ut bidrar det även till att pedagogerna bemöter dem på olika sätt. Under dessa observationer uttrycke sig de flesta pedagoger på ett sätt som visar på att de bemötte barnen på olika sätt beroende på om det var en flicka eller pojke.

  • 29.
    Ahl, Emma
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Svenska helyllepappor på bästa sändningstid: En semiotisk studie av maskuliniteter i Solsidan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about masculinity in the Swedish television series Solsidan. The study therefore is including a discussion about the Swedish gender equality context. To study Solsidan a semiotic tool was used. This was to see the underlying meanings of the representations in the three male characters Alex, Fredde and Ove. Raewyn Connells concept about a range of masculinities in a hierarchy including hegemony, subordination and complicity ones and how these can be seen in different levels, local, regional and global was included. The purpose of this essay is to examine how masculinity is represented in Solsidan, if there are hegemonic ones, and if these can be seen as equal.

    This study came to the result that the characters and their representations are in a somewhat identity crisis between primary two masculinities. One that is more traditional and one that is more modern and family oriented. These do both take the role as a hegemonic role at different levels. The modern and family oriented take a hegemonic role at a regional level since this is the ideal for men that the Swedish politics admire. At a local level thus, there is other more traditional roles that take a hegemonic functioning. The program can be seen as it problematizes that the characters are in these two kinds of masculinities, and also I question if the Swedish state lifts Sweden as a country with men that are equal, but at the local level you can see that this might not always be the case.

  • 30.
    Ahlberg Alsarve], Jenny
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Mamma, pappa, barn i nya skepnader: hur konstrueras familjer efter 'kärnfamiljen'?2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Ahlberg [Alsarve], Jenny
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Post-divorce families: family practices from a child perspective2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Ahlberg [Alsarve], Jenny
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Barn som relation2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Ahlberg, Tommy
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Svensson, Petra
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Kockslusk och sillhora: Socialt sexuellt beteende mellan kollegor inom restaurangbranschen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 34. Ahlgren, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Vad fungerar i Sverige?: Om svenska utvärderingar av insatser till ungdomar som begår brott2010In: Ungdomar som begår brott: vilka insatser fungerar? / [ed] Henrik Andershed, Anna-Karin Andershed, Kerstin Söderholm Carpelan, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag AB, 2010, 1, 126-149 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Ahlin, Petra
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Johanson, Jennie
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    En stor stark mjukis: - en studie om representation av maskulinitet i svensk ölreklam2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 36.
    Ahlin, Susanne
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Specialpedagogens otydliga roll vid krisarbete i skolan: -berättelser om förväntningar, elevhälsan och att vara resurs2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 37.
    Ahlm, Sandra
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Carlman, Amanda
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Lärar- och elevrelationen: Förskollärares och lärares perspektiv på relationen till barn och elever2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 38.
    Ahlström, Glenn
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Lindkvist, Sofie
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Lärandets akt och objekt under musikstunder i förskolan: Lärandets akt och objekt under musikstunder i förskolan2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 39.
    Ahltun, Marcus
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Tillhörighet – en mångfaldens skatt i lärandet: En fenomenologisk intervjustudie om nyanlända och flerspråkiga elevers upplevelser av sitt lärande2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 40.
    Aini, Sorush
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Från Rocky Balboa till Freddy Heflin: En komparativ stjärnstudie av Sylvester Stallone2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 41.
    Akfidan, Filis
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Synen på barndom och uppfostran i skönlitterära barnböcker: - Specifikt, Janne, min vän(1985), Alla vi barn i Bullerbyn(1947) och Mera om oss barn i Bullerbyn(1949)2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42.
    Akfidan, Filis
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Toma, Rasha
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Mångkulturell pedagogisk verksamhet: Klassrum i fokus2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 43.
    Akhtar, Sajid
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    War on Afghanistan in the Eyes of the American New York Times and the Pakistani Jang2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 44.
    Alander, Emma
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Påven Franciskus  - döpt i den sekulära döpfunten?: En kritisk diskursanalys av den svenska nyhetspressens representation av påven Franciskus och gynnandet av en sekulär diskurs2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 45.
    Albertsson, Rebecca
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    FINNS DET ETT DILEMMA ?: En fallstudie av mellanchefer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 46.
    Albertsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Stenbeck, Joakim
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Kommunikation och konflikter: en studie om kommunikation och synen på konflikter i en utvald arbetsenhet2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 47.
    Albin, Skillmark
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Diskursivt konstituerande av pojkars identitet som läsare och skrivare2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med studien är att undersöka fem svenskundervisande lärares språk- och talhandlingar avseende pojkars läs- och skriftspråkande. Studiens undersökningsfokus är således riktat mot på vilka sätt pojkars läs- och skriftspråkande uppfattas i lärares språk- och talhandlingar. Ambitionen har även varit att säga något om vilket literacyerfarande pojkar erbjuds inom svenskämnet.

    Teoretiskt förankras studien i två perspektiv, ett anglosaxiskt forskningsinriktat gällande literacy (Fast 2007) och ett diskursanalytiskt (Winther Jørgensen & Phillips 2000). Studiens ansats är kvalitativ och semistrukturerade intervjuer har genomförts (Kvale & Brinkmann 2009). Empirin har i sin tur analyserats genom ett diskursanalytiskt perspektiv (Winther Jørgensen & Phillips 2000).

    Utifrån studiens resultat presenteras en konstruktion av svenskämnet samt två konstruktioner som belyser hur pojkar positioneras som läs- och skriftspråkande individer; Konstituering av ämnet, ”Pojkar är pojkar” samt ”Pojkar har inte tid att läsa”.  Intervjustudiens resultat visar att pojkars läs- och skriftspråkande konstitueras som åtskilt från flickors, vilka i sin tur förväntas göra andra literacyerfarenheter. Pojkar uppfattas befinna sig på olika literacyarenor som medskapare av literacies utanför skolan. Att intressera pojkar för literacyaktiviteter inom svenskämnets undervisningspraktik ser de intervjuade lärarna som en pedagogisk utmaning. Till följd av detta tyder studiens resultat på att en stor del av ansvaret för vilka former av literacies och på vilka sätt pojkar blir literacyutövande individer i klassrumspraktiken förläggs till den enskilde skriftspråkande pojken.

  • 48.
    Aldegren, Emma
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Att tala är silver, att tiga är guld?: - En kvalitativ studie om interaktion i samband med talad engelska under engelsklektionerna2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 49.
    Aldell, Mikael
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Rashed, Tara
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Välkommen till Drömmarnas land: En Multimodal Kritisk Diskursanalys om Gunilla Persson i Svenska Hollywoodfruar från ett klassperspektiv.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 50.
    Alfredsson, Erika
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Programinriktad problemlösning i matematikundervisningen: en studie om uppfattningar hos elever på yrkesförberedande program2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Syftet med denna undersökning är att belysa elevers allmänna uppfattningar om matematik med särskilt fokus på programinriktad problemlösning. Jag redovisar även vad undervisning genom programinriktad problemlösning kan ha för effekter på de faktorer som påverkar elevernas motivation i ämnet. För att undersöka elevernas uppfattningar genomfördes halvstrukturerade kvalitativa intervjuer med sex gymnasieelever på yrkesförberedande program.

    I studiens bakgrund presenteras vad tidigare forskning visat om svenska elevers matematiska kompetens och motivation för att lära sig matematik. Jag tar även upp teorier om motivation och variation i undervisningen. Jag förklarar även vad jag avser med programinriktad problemlösning i matematik, förklaringen bygger på vad tidigare forskare definierar som matematisk problemlösning.

    Resultatet av studien baseras på tolkningarna av elevernas utsagor i intervjuerna. Tolkningarna har resulterat i uppfattningskategorier, dels om elevernas allmänna uppfattningar av matematik men också om elevernas uppfattningar om programinriktad problemlösning.

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