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  • 1.
    Dominguez, David Caceres
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Iannotta, Marco
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Stork, Johannes Andreas
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Schaffernicht, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Stoyanov, Todor
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    A Stack-of-Tasks Approach Combined With Behavior Trees: A New Framework for Robot Control2022In: IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters, E-ISSN 2377-3766, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 12110-12117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Stack-of-Tasks (SoT) control allows a robot to simultaneously fulfill a number of prioritized goals formulated in terms of (in)equality constraints in error space. Since this approach solves a sequence of Quadratic Programs (QP) at each time-step, without taking into account any temporal state evolution, it is suitable for dealing with local disturbances. However, its limitation lies in the handling of situations that require non-quadratic objectives to achieve a specific goal, as well as situations where countering the control disturbance would require a locally suboptimal action. Recent works address this shortcoming by exploiting Finite State Machines (FSMs) to compose the tasks in such a way that the robot does not get stuck in local minima. Nevertheless, the intrinsic trade-off between reactivity and modularity that characterizes FSMs makes them impractical for defining reactive behaviors in dynamic environments. In this letter, we combine the SoT control strategy with Behavior Trees (BTs), a task switching structure that addresses some of the limitations of the FSMs in terms of reactivity, modularity and re-usability. Experimental results on a Franka Emika Panda 7-DOF manipulator show the robustness of our framework, that allows the robot to benefit from the reactivity of both SoT and BTs.

  • 2.
    Iannotta, Marco
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Dominguez, David Caceres
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Stork, Johannes Andreas
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Schaffernicht, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Stoyanov, Todor
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology.
    Heterogeneous Full-body Control of a Mobile Manipulator with Behavior Trees2022In: IROS 2022 Workshop on Mobile Manipulation and Embodied Intelligence (MOMA): Challenges and  Opportunities, 2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Integrating the heterogeneous controllers of a complex mechanical system, such as a mobile manipulator, within the same structure and in a modular way is still challenging. In this work we extend our framework based on Behavior Trees for the control of a redundant mechanical system to the problem of commanding more complex systems that involve multiple low-level controllers. This allows the integrated systems to achieve non-trivial goals that require coordination among the sub-systems.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Heterogeneous Full-body Control of a Mobile Manipulator with Behavior Trees
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