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  • 1.
    Arvidsson Lindvall, Mialinn
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Physiotherapeutic perspectives on balance control after stroke: exercises, experiences and measures2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate physiotherapeutic perspectives on balance after stroke, in terms of exercises, experiences and measurements. Study I was a pilot randomized controlled trial with 46 persons who had had a stroke, 24 of whom were included in the intervention group and 22 who were included in the control group. The intervention consisted of 8 weeks of body awareness therapy (BAT). There were no significant differences over time between the groups in the outcome measures of balance, walking, self-reported balance confidence and quality of life. Study II had a qualitative design using content analysis. Participants in the intervention group from Study I and the four physiotherapists who had been in charge of the BAT were interviewed. One overall theme emerged: "Simple yet challenging", which was based on six categories. Study III investigated the validity and test-retest reliability of the Six-Spot Step test (SSST), an instrument used to assess the ability to take load on each leg. A cross-sectional design with 81 persons who had had stroke was performed. The convergent validity was strong to moderate, and the test-retest reliability was good. In Study IV a mixed method design including both qualitative and quantitative data collection was used. The participants’ experiences of balance and its influence in everyday life were presented in two themes: "Feeling dizzy and unstable is a continuous challenge" and "Feeling trust and confidence despite dizziness and unsteadiness". Taken together, the different data sets provided complementary and confirmatory information about balance. All participants experienced the balance limitations as a continuous challenge in everyday life, yet they also felt trust and confidence.

    In summary, BAT can be a complement in physiotherapeutic stroke rehabilitation and the SSST can be used as a measuring instrument of walking balance in persons with stroke. Living with balance limitations was experienced as a challenge but the participants were still able to manage their everyday life and activities.

    List of papers
    1. Body awareness therapy in persons with stroke: a pilot randomised controlled trial
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Body awareness therapy in persons with stroke: a pilot randomised controlled trial
    2014 (English)In: Clinical Rehabilitation, ISSN 0269-2155, E-ISSN 1477-0873, Vol. 28, no 12, p. 1180-1188Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To investigate the effects of body awareness therapy on balance, mobility, balance confidence, and subjective health status in persons with stroke.

    Design: A pilot randomized controlled study with follow-up at one and 4–6 weeks after the intervention period.

    Setting: Four primary healthcare centres in Örebro County Council.

    Subjects: Persons more than six months post stroke, with walking ability of 100 metres.

    Intervention: The experimental intervention was body awareness therapy in groups once a week for eight weeks. The controls were instructed to continue their usual daily activities.

    Main measures: Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up and Go Test, Timed Up and Go Test with a cognitive component, 6-minute walk test, and Timed-Stands Test. Self-rated balance confidence was assessed using the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale, and subjective health status using the Short Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire.

    Results: A total of 46 participants were included (mean age 64 years); 24 in the experimental intervention group and 22 in the control group. No significant differences in changed scores over time were found between the groups. Within the experimental intervention group, significant improvements over time was found for the tests Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up and Go cognitive, and 6-minute walk test. Within the control group, significant improvements over time were found for the Timed Up and Go Cognitive, and the Timed-Stands Test.

    Conclusion: In comparison to no intervention, no effects were seen on balance, mobility, balance confidence, and subjective health status after eight weeks of body awareness therapy.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Sage Publications, 2014
    Keywords
    Body awareness therapy, postural control, physiotherapy, stroke
    National Category
    Health Sciences Nursing
    Research subject
    Health and Medical Care Research; Rehabilitation Medicine
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35843 (URN)10.1177/0269215514527994 (DOI)000347118700004 ()24668360 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84921668455 (Scopus ID)
    Note

    Funding Agencies:

    Swedish Stroke Association

    Norrbacka Eugenia Foundation 803-11

    Research Committee Orebro County Council OLL-227701

    Available from: 2014-08-04 Created: 2014-08-04 Last updated: 2018-05-09Bibliographically approved
    2. Basic Body Awareness Therapy for patients with stroke: Experiences among participating patients and physiotherapists
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Basic Body Awareness Therapy for patients with stroke: Experiences among participating patients and physiotherapists
    2016 (English)In: Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies, ISSN 1360-8592, E-ISSN 1532-9283, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 83-89Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Background: After a stroke many patients have muscle weakness, spasticity and compromised sensation leading to decreased postural stability. Basic Body Awareness Therapy includes slow movements that challenge postural control.

    Aim: The aim was to describe experiences of 8 weeks of Basic Body Awareness Therapy from the perspective of both patients with stroke and physiotherapists.

    Method: This study had a qualitative design. Twenty-one patients and four physiotherapists were interviewed. The interviews were analysed using manifest and latent content analysis.

    Results: One overall theme emerged "Simple yet challenging" which was based on six categories: "Facing one's limitations", "Individualized movements", "A feeling of harmony", "Improved balance", "Integrated knowledge" and "Frustration and doubt". The patients described improvement in balance and stability, as well as increased wellbeing.

    Conclusion: The patients and physiotherapists related that Basic Body Awareness Therapy challenges balance but also provides an opportunity to reflect on the body.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Elsevier, 2016
    Keywords
    Basic Body Awareness Therapy, Physiotherapy, Qualitative study, Stroke
    National Category
    Nursing
    Research subject
    Rehabilitation Medicine
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-52163 (URN)10.1016/j.jbmt.2015.06.004 (DOI)000381689000012 ()26891641 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84958039596 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2016-09-14 Created: 2016-09-14 Last updated: 2019-01-18Bibliographically approved
    3. Validity and test-retest reliability of the Six-Spot Step Test in persons after stroke
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Validity and test-retest reliability of the Six-Spot Step Test in persons after stroke
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Other Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66907 (URN)
    Available from: 2018-05-09 Created: 2018-05-09 Last updated: 2018-05-09Bibliographically approved
    4. "I can still manage": a mixed-method study of balance after stroke
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>"I can still manage": a mixed-method study of balance after stroke
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Other Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66909 (URN)
    Available from: 2018-05-09 Created: 2018-05-09 Last updated: 2018-05-09Bibliographically approved
  • 2.
    Arvidsson Lindvall, Mialinn
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. University Health Care Research Centre, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
    Anderzen-Carlsson, Agneta
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. University Health Care Research Centre, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden; Faculty of Health, Science, and Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Appelros, Peter
    Faculty of Health, Science, and Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Forsberg, Anette
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Örebro University Hospital.
    Validity and test-retest reliability of the six-spot step test in persons after stroke2018In: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: After stroke, asymmetric weight distribution is common with decreased balance control in standing and walking. The six-spot step test (SSST) includes a 5-m walk during which one leg shoves wooden blocks out of circles marked on the floor, thus assessing the ability to take load on each leg. The aim of the present study was to investigate the convergent and discriminant validity and test-retest reliability of the SSST in persons with stroke.

    METHODS: Eighty-one participants were included. A cross-sectional study was performed, in which the SSST was conducted twice, 3-7 days apart. Validity was investigated using measures of dynamic balance and walking. Reliability was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficient, standard error of the measurement (SEM), and smallest real difference (SRD).

    RESULTS: The convergent validity was strong to moderate, and the test-retest reliability was good. The SEM% was 14.7%, and the SRD% was 40.8% based on the mean of four walks shoving twice with the paretic and twice with the non-paretic leg.

    CONCLUSION: Values on random measurement error were high affecting the use of the SSST for follow-up evaluations but the SSST can be a complementary measure of gait and balance.

  • 3.
    Arvidsson Lindvall, Mialinn
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. University Health Care Research Center.
    Anderzen-Carlsson, Agneta
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. University Health Care Research Center.
    Forsberg, Anette
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. University Health Care Research Center.
    Basic Body Awareness Therapy for patients with stroke: Experiences among participating patients and physiotherapists2016In: Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies, ISSN 1360-8592, E-ISSN 1532-9283, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 83-89Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: After a stroke many patients have muscle weakness, spasticity and compromised sensation leading to decreased postural stability. Basic Body Awareness Therapy includes slow movements that challenge postural control.

    Aim: The aim was to describe experiences of 8 weeks of Basic Body Awareness Therapy from the perspective of both patients with stroke and physiotherapists.

    Method: This study had a qualitative design. Twenty-one patients and four physiotherapists were interviewed. The interviews were analysed using manifest and latent content analysis.

    Results: One overall theme emerged "Simple yet challenging" which was based on six categories: "Facing one's limitations", "Individualized movements", "A feeling of harmony", "Improved balance", "Integrated knowledge" and "Frustration and doubt". The patients described improvement in balance and stability, as well as increased wellbeing.

    Conclusion: The patients and physiotherapists related that Basic Body Awareness Therapy challenges balance but also provides an opportunity to reflect on the body.

  • 4.
    Arvidsson Lindvall, Mialinn
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Anderzén-Carlsson, Agneta
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Appelros, Peter
    Department of University Health Care Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Forsberg, Anette
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Örebro University Hospital.
    Validity and test-retest reliability of the Six-Spot Step Test in persons after strokeManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Arvidsson Lindvall, Mialinn
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Forsberg, Anette
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Örebro University Hospital.
    Appelros, Peter
    Department of University Health Care Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Anderzén-Carlsson, Agneta
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Örebro University Hospital.
    "I can still manage": a mixed-method study of balance after strokeManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Lindvall, Mialinn Arvidsson
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Family Medicine Research Centre, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden .
    Forsberg, Anette
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Örebro University Hospital. Family Medicine Research Centre, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden .
    Body awareness therapy in persons with stroke: a pilot randomised controlled trial2014In: Clinical Rehabilitation, ISSN 0269-2155, E-ISSN 1477-0873, Vol. 28, no 12, p. 1180-1188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To investigate the effects of body awareness therapy on balance, mobility, balance confidence, and subjective health status in persons with stroke.

    Design: A pilot randomized controlled study with follow-up at one and 4–6 weeks after the intervention period.

    Setting: Four primary healthcare centres in Örebro County Council.

    Subjects: Persons more than six months post stroke, with walking ability of 100 metres.

    Intervention: The experimental intervention was body awareness therapy in groups once a week for eight weeks. The controls were instructed to continue their usual daily activities.

    Main measures: Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up and Go Test, Timed Up and Go Test with a cognitive component, 6-minute walk test, and Timed-Stands Test. Self-rated balance confidence was assessed using the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale, and subjective health status using the Short Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire.

    Results: A total of 46 participants were included (mean age 64 years); 24 in the experimental intervention group and 22 in the control group. No significant differences in changed scores over time were found between the groups. Within the experimental intervention group, significant improvements over time was found for the tests Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up and Go cognitive, and 6-minute walk test. Within the control group, significant improvements over time were found for the Timed Up and Go Cognitive, and the Timed-Stands Test.

    Conclusion: In comparison to no intervention, no effects were seen on balance, mobility, balance confidence, and subjective health status after eight weeks of body awareness therapy.

1 - 6 of 6
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  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • en-US
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