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  • 1.
    Aghajani, Moji
    et al.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands; Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC), Leiden, the Netherlands; Department of Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
    Colins, Olivier F.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands; Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC), Leiden, the Netherlands; School of Law, Psychology, and Social Work, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Klapwijk, Eduard T.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands; Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC), Leiden, the Netherlands.
    Veer, Ilya M.
    Division of Mind and Brain Research, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Popma, Arne
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Faculty of Law, Leiden University, Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    van der Wee, Nic J.
    Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC), Leiden, the Netherlands; Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    Vermeiren, Robert R. J. M.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands; Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC), Leiden, the Netherlands.
    Dissociable relations between amygdala subregional networks and psychopathy trait dimensions in conduct-disordered juvenile offenders2016In: Human Brain Mapping, ISSN 1065-9471, E-ISSN 1097-0193, Vol. 37, no 11, p. 4017-4033Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Psychopathy is a serious psychiatric phenomenon characterized by a pathological constellation of affective (e.g., callous, unemotional), interpersonal (e.g., manipulative, egocentric), and behavioral (e.g., impulsive, irresponsible) personality traits. Though amygdala subregional defects are suggested in psychopathy, the functionality and connectivity of different amygdala subnuclei is typically disregarded in neurocircuit-level analyses of psychopathic personality. Hence, little is known of how amygdala subregional networks may contribute to psychopathy and its underlying trait assemblies in severely antisocial people. We addressed this important issue by uniquely examining the intrinsic functional connectivity of basolateral (BLA) and centromedial (CMA) amygdala networks in relation to affective, interpersonal, and behavioral traits of psychopathy, in conduct-disordered juveniles with a history of serious delinquency (N = 50, mean age = 16.83 ± 1.32). As predicted, amygdalar connectivity profiles exhibited dissociable relations with different traits of psychopathy. Interpersonal psychopathic traits not only related to increased connectivity of BLA and CMA with a corticostriatal network formation accommodating reward processing, but also predicted stronger CMA connectivity with a network of cortical midline structures supporting sociocognitive processes. In contrast, affective psychopathic traits related to diminished CMA connectivity with a frontolimbic network serving salience processing and affective responding. Finally, behavioral psychopathic traits related to heightened BLA connectivity with a frontoparietal cluster implicated in regulatory executive functioning. We suggest that these trait-specific shifts in amygdalar connectivity could be particularly relevant to the psychopathic phenotype, as they may fuel a self-centered, emotionally cold, and behaviorally disinhibited profile.

  • 2. Ahlgren, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Vad fungerar i Sverige?: Om svenska utvärderingar av insatser till ungdomar som begår brott2010In: Ungdomar som begår brott: vilka insatser fungerar? / [ed] Henrik Andershed, Anna-Karin Andershed, Kerstin Söderholm Carpelan, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag AB, 2010, 1, p. 126-149Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Alexandersson, Pär
    et al.
    Socialstyrelsen, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Cater, Åsa
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Utsatthet i unga år och psykisk ohälsa i vuxen ålder : sammanfattning av resultat från en intervjustudie av 2 500 unga vuxna2015Report (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, HenrikÖrebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Att studera människors utveckling : resultat från forskningsprogrammet IDA1965-20132013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Bedömning av risk- och skyddsfaktorer för normbrytande beteende hos unga: hur kan vi använda teori och forskning i praktiken?2009In: Barn och unga som begår brott: handbok för socialtjänsten, Stockholm: Socialstyrelsen , 2009, p. 161-201Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Empirical test of a new screening questionnaire of risk faactors for conduct problems among youths: external validity and internal consistency tests of ESTER-screening2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    En introduktion till longitudinell forskning och IDA-programmet2013In: Att studera männniskors utveckling: resultat från forskningsprogrammet IDA 1965-2013 / [ed] Andershed, A-K., & Andershed, H., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2013, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Improving evidence-based social work practice with youths exhibiting conduct problems through structured assessment2016In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 19, no 6, p. 887-900Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A key task in evidence-based case management of youth is the assessment of research-based risk and protective factors. In the present study we compare assessments of social workers using a structured assessment instrument with assessments of social workers not using such an instrument. Assessments of the exact same case—a vignette about a 14-year-old boy—conducted by 30 social workers using a structured assessment instrument and 30 social workers not using such an instrument were compared. The 60 assessments were also rated by independent researchers and senior social services managers, blind to whether an instrument had been used in the assessments or not. As hypothesized, using a structured assessment instrument resulted in the identification of a greater number of research-based risk and protective factors, and the assessments were rated as better in terms of general adequacy, quality, accuracy and potential treatment effectiveness, than when an instrument was not used. The present study demonstrates that social workers’ assessments of youth become more evidence-based, adequate and potentially more treatment effective when a structured assessment instrument is used as compared to when it is not.

  • 9.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Risk and protective factors among preschool children: integrating research and practice2015In: Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work, ISSN 2376-1407, E-ISSN 2376-1415, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 412-424Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article the authors present a review of previous reviews and meta-analyses, identifying and summarizing the empirical research base on risk and protective factors for future psychosocial problems-specifically externalizing and internalizing problems-among preschool children. The authors also discuss risk and protective factors in the framework of concepts such as evidence-based practice, risk-focused prevention and treatment, and the Risk, Need, and Responsivity principles. They conclude that there is an extensive amount of research on risk and protective factors for preschool children that could and should be used by well educated professionals to help children to a better life.

  • 10.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    The SOFIA-study: A prospective longitudinal study on social adjustment2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The SOFIA-study is a prospective longitudinal study of approximately 2,000 children in a mid-sized Swedish community. SOFIA is the acronym of Social and Physical Development, Interventions and Adaptation in Swedish, and the main focus of the study is on understanding developmen-tal trajectories of norm breaking, criminal behavior, and the risk and pro-tective factors for the various trajectories. The aim is to answer question such as Which risk factors are the most important in the development of norm breaking behavior? What protects children from a negative devel-opment? Which interventions are given to children with difficulties? The study was initiated in 2010 by professors H. Andershed and A-K. Ander-shed, and has since then assessed the participants in four data collection waves, in 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2015. At base-line, the children were 3-5 years old, attending public preschools in the community. Questionnaires have been completed by caregivers, preschool and elementary school teachers, as well as principals and headmasters. The purpose has been to collect information both on the children – their behaviors and charac-teristics, the families – parent-child relationships, caregiver attributes, as well as preschool/school relationships, environment, and conditions. The papers presented in this panel are examples of papers using data from the SOFIA-study.

  • 11.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Farrington, David P.
    Risk- och skyddande faktorer för psykosociala problem bland förskolebarn: vad vi vet från forskning och hur det kan användas i praktiken2012Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Söderholm Carpelan, Kerstin
    Om insatser som kan användas i ungdomsvård och deras effekter2010In: Ungdomar som begår brott: vilka insatser fungerar? / [ed] Henrik Andershed, Anna-Karin Andershed, Kerstin Söderholm Carpelan, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag AB, 2010, 1, p. 51-102Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Enebrink, Pia
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Normbrytande beteende bland internationellt adopterade barn: riskfaktorer och interventioner2007In: Internationellt adopterade i Sverige: vad säger forskningen? / [ed] Margareta Carlberg, Karin Nordin Jareno, Stockholm: Gothia , 2007, p. 121-165Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Gibson, Chris L.
    Department of Sociology and Criminology & Law, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA; Institute for Child and Health Policy, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA .
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    The role of cumulative risk and protection for violent offending2016In: Journal of criminal justice, ISSN 0047-2352, E-ISSN 1873-6203, Vol. 45, p. 78-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Risk and protective factors for antisocial behavior have been shown to act in a cumulative manner. The purpose of this article is to examine the predictive power of risk factors and protective indices predicting violent offending.

    Methods: We used longitudinal data across 25 years to predict violent offenses for 475 males. Cumulative childhood risk factors (age 10), and-cumulative individual, family, peer and school protective factors (ages 13, 15) were analyzed.

    Results: The likelihood for a conviction for violent offenses showed a fivefold increase with an increase in risk factors from 0 to 3. This increase was markedly reduced when controlling for protective factors. Similarly, controlling for risk factors, the likelihood for a conviction was almost ameliorated, showing a tenfold decrease, with an increase in protective factors from 0 to 10. Interactions between cumulative risk and protective factors were also found. Total number of protective factors significantly decreased the likelihood of violent offenses for those with and without childhood behavioral risk factors, however the decrease was significantly greater for those with no childhood risk factors.

    Conclusions: Analyses of antisocial behavior should not be restricted to risk factors, but include protective factors, if the purpose is to better tailor interventions. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 15.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Antisocial behavior in adolescence: the role of individual characteristics2002Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of this dissertation is to investigate whether traits on the level of the individual are important in understanding violent, frequent antisocial behavior among adolescents. The first of the four studies included in this dissertation asks whether individual-level explanations are going to be a fruitful approach at all. The other three studies speak to the question which particular individual characteristics are related to violent, frequent antisocial behavior.

    Two different large samples of 14 to 16-year-old male and female non-referred adolescents were assessed. The adolescents were mainly assessed with self-report questionnaires but information from parents and teachers was also incorporated in one of the samples.

    Results show that aggressive, antisocial behavior for a subgroup of adolescents cuts across social contexts, indicating that their aggressive behavior is largely dependent on individual characteristics, more than on situational factors. It is further shown that a constellation of personality traits involving a grandiose, manipulative interpersonal disposition, callous, unemotional affective traits, and an impulsive, irresponsible behavioral style, characterizes a subgroup of antisocial adolescents who have more violent, frequent antisocial behavior than antisocial adolescents without this personality constellation. This same subgroup also shows more pronounced problem behaviors of other kinds — early behavioral problems, problems with inhibiting aggressive behaviors, and problems with hyperactivity, impulsivity, and attention.

    Moreover, the results show that the affective facet of this particular personality constellation, involving callous, unemotional traits, plays an important role in violent, frequent antisocial behavior independently of other antisocial-related dimensions such as impulsivity, hyperactivity, and sensation seeking traits. Importantly, the main findings were similar for males and females.

    It is concluded that specific personality traits are important to consider when moving further toward an understanding of violent, frequent antisocial behavior and that research on non-referred, community samples of youths can be particularly helpful for this purpose. Implications for prevention and intervention and directions for future research are discussed.

    List of papers
    1. Bullying in school and violence on the streets: are the same people involved?
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bullying in school and violence on the streets: are the same people involved?
    2001 (English)In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 31-49Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Examined the relationship between bullying in school and street violence. 2,915 adolescents (aged 14-15 yrs) completed questionnaires concerning street violence, weapon carrying, violence victimization, loitering, bullying, and nights away from home. Results show that bullying others in school was strongly linked to violent behavior and weapon-carrying on the streets, both among males and females. Bullying others in school was also related to being violently victimized on the streets. Findings suggest that school bullying is in many cases a part of a more general violent and aggressive behavior pattern, and that preventive efforts targeting individuals with bullying behavior in school may decrease violence among adolescents in the community as well.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    London: Taylor & Francis, 2001
    Keywords
    Aggressive Behavior, Student Characteristics, Victimization, Violence, Bullying, Weapons
    National Category
    Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6554 (URN)10.1080/140438501317205538 (DOI)
    Available from: 2009-05-04 Created: 2009-05-04 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
    2. The usefulness of self-reported psychopathy-like traits in the study of antisocial behaviour among non-referred adolescents
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The usefulness of self-reported psychopathy-like traits in the study of antisocial behaviour among non-referred adolescents
    2002 (English)In: European Journal of Personality, ISSN 0890-2070, E-ISSN 1099-0984, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 383-402Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Addresses the question of whether it is possible to use a self-report measure of psychopathic traits on non-referred youth samples to identify a subgroup of problematic youths who are particularly problematic and different from other problem youths. A large sample of 1,279 eighth-grade, non-referred adolescents (mean age 14.42 yrs), and their parents were assessed. Students completed self-report measures that assessed personality, conduct problems, and family functioning. Parents responded by completing and mailing in a questionnaire. Results show that the adolescents exhibiting a low-socialized psychopathy-like personality constellation had a more frequent, violent, and versatile conduct-problem profile than other low-socialized and well socialized adolescents. The psychopathy-like adolescents also differed from other poorly socialized adolescents in ways that suggested that their etiological background was different from adolescents with non-psychopathy-like conduct problems. The authors conclude that self-report measures can indeed be useful for research purposes in subtyping youths with conduct problems.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2002
    Keywords
    Antisocial Behavior, Antisocial Personality Disorder, Behavior Problems, Psychopathy, Self Report
    National Category
    Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6543 (URN)10.1002/per.455 (DOI)
    Available from: 2009-05-04 Created: 2009-05-04 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
    3. Psychopathic traits in non-referred youths: a new assessment tool
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychopathic traits in non-referred youths: a new assessment tool
    2002 (English)In: Psychopaths: current international perspectives / [ed] Eric Blaauw, Lorraine Sheridan, Den Haag: Elsevier , 2002, p. 131-158Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Den Haag: Elsevier, 2002
    National Category
    Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-6748 (URN)90-5749-962-2 (ISBN)978-90-5749-962-3 (ISBN)
    Available from: 2009-05-12 Created: 2009-05-12 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
    4. Callous, unemotional traits in violent and frequent conduct-problem behavior among non-referred youths
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Callous, unemotional traits in violent and frequent conduct-problem behavior among non-referred youths
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-15936 (URN)
    Available from: 2011-06-15 Created: 2011-06-15 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
  • 16.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Ongoing activities to summarize effective work with children: the Nordic countries2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Stability and change of psychopathic traits: what do we know?2010In: Handbook of child and adolescent psychopathy / [ed] Randall Salekin, Donald Lynam, New York: Guilford Press, 2010, 1, p. 233-250Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    The importance of using knowledge from research on risk and protective factors in practice with children2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Andershed, Henrik A.
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Gustafson, Sigrid B.
    American Insts for Research.
    Kerr, Margaret
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    The usefulness of self-reported psychopathy-like traits in the study of antisocial behaviour among non-referred adolescents2002In: European Journal of Personality, ISSN 0890-2070, E-ISSN 1099-0984, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 383-402Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Addresses the question of whether it is possible to use a self-report measure of psychopathic traits on non-referred youth samples to identify a subgroup of problematic youths who are particularly problematic and different from other problem youths. A large sample of 1,279 eighth-grade, non-referred adolescents (mean age 14.42 yrs), and their parents were assessed. Students completed self-report measures that assessed personality, conduct problems, and family functioning. Parents responded by completing and mailing in a questionnaire. Results show that the adolescents exhibiting a low-socialized psychopathy-like personality constellation had a more frequent, violent, and versatile conduct-problem profile than other low-socialized and well socialized adolescents. The psychopathy-like adolescents also differed from other poorly socialized adolescents in ways that suggested that their etiological background was different from adolescents with non-psychopathy-like conduct problems. The authors conclude that self-report measures can indeed be useful for research purposes in subtyping youths with conduct problems.

  • 20.
    Andershed, Henrik A.
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Natural Sciences.
    Kerr, Margaret
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Levander, Sten
    Psychopathic traits in non-referred youths: a new assessment tool2002In: Psychopaths: current international perspectives / [ed] Eric Blaauw, Lorraine Sheridan, Den Haag: Elsevier , 2002, p. 131-158Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Externalizing and internalizing problems among Youths and the need to understand the heterogeneity of these problems2012In: For the sake of the children: social paediatrics in action. A festschrift in honour of Staffan Jansson / [ed] Martin McKee, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012, 1, p. 60-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Implications of heterogeneity among individuals with antisocial behaviour2008In: Psychology and law: bridging the gap / [ed] David Canter, Rita Žukauskienė, Aldershot: Ashgate , 2008, p. 103-118Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Normbrytande beteende bland barn: ett angeläget men eftersatt problem2007In: Psykisk hälsa, ISSN 0033-3212, no 1, p. 43-53Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Konsekvenser och riskfaktorer rörande normbrytande beteende i barndomen, samt behandlingsstrategier.

  • 24.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Normbrytande beteende bland barn: risker och skydd och strukturerad bedömning2009In: Elevhälsan, Vol. 3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Normbrytande beteende i barndomen: Vad säger forskningen?2005Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Om normbrytande beteende bland barn2010In: Projekt Pinocchio: erfarenheter från ett nationellt Genombrottsprojekt med syfte att förbättra arbetet kring barn upp till 12 år som riskerar utveckla ett varaktigt normbrytande beteende : slutrapport, Stockholm: Sveriges kommuner och landsting , 2010, p. 23-28Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Risk and protective factors among preschool children for long-lasting psychosocial problems: what we know from research and how it can be used in practice2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Risk-need assessment for youth with or at risk for conduct problems: introducing the computerized assessment system ESTER2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Risk-need assessment for youth with or at risk for conduct problems: introducing the assessment system ESTER2010In: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 1877-0428, Vol. 5, p. 377-383Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces ESTER, a research based and computerized risk-need assessment system for youths (0-18 years) with or at risk for conduct problems. The ESTER-system includes a screening tool/questionnaire (ESTER-screening) and a professional structured risk-need assessment instrument (ESTER-assessment). This article briefly presents the background and purpose of ESTER, and the risk and protective factors assessed. It also illustrates how the computerized system effectively helps in presenting results of single as well as repeated assessments, assisting the practitioner in tailoring suitable interventions.

  • 30.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Subgroups of children with conduct problems2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Ungdomsbrottslighet: hur vanligt är det och vad beror det på?2010In: Ungdomar som begår brott: vilka insatser fungerar? / [ed] Henrik Andershed, Anna-Karin Andershed, Kerstin Söderholm Carpelan, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag AB, 2010, 1, p. 25-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Söderholm Carpelan, Kerstin
    Hur fungerar insatser till ungdomar som begår brott och hur kan vi bli bättre i praktik?2010In: Ungdomar som begår brott: vilka insatser fungerar? / [ed] Henrik Andershed, Anna-Karin Andershed, Kerstin Söderholm Carpelan, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag AB, 2010, 1, p. 150-177Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-KarinÖrebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.Söderholm Carpelan, Kerstin
    Ungdomar som begår brott: vilka insatser fungerar?2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Söderholm Carpelan, Kerstin
    Brännström, Lars
    Nyström, Marie
    Bokens bakgrund, syfte, innehåll och målgrupp2010In: Ungdomar som begår brott: vilka insatser fungerar? / [ed] Henrik Andershed, Anna-Karin Andershed, Kerstin Söderholm Carpelan, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag AB, 2010, 1, p. 13-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Tuvblad, Catherine
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Psykologiska och biologiska perspektiv på sociala anpassningsproblem2013In: Perspektiv på sociala problem / [ed] Meeuwisse, Anna & Swärd, Hans, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2013, 2, p. 242-261Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Wallin Weihe, Hans-Jörgen
    Normbrytende atferd hos barn: Hva sier forskningen?2007 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [no]

    I Normbrytende atferd hos barn er internasjonal forskning gjort tilgjengelig for et bredt publikum. Forfatterne gir en oversikt over nordisk praksis, forskningsfeltet forøvrig og de vurderer validiteten i ulike forskningsresultater. Risikofaktorer og beskyttende forhold hos barnet selv, i familien og i det sosiale nettverket påvirker barns atferdsutvikling, og forfatterne har fokuset rettet mot forebygging og behandling av normbrytende atferd hos barn under 12 år.På lengre sikt kan alvorlige atferdsproblemer hos barn og unge føre til misbruk av alkohol og andre rusmidler, depresjon, lovbrudd, ekteskapskonflikter og arbeidsledighet. Kvaliteten i utdanningen av dem som skal jobbe med disse barna må sikres, og denne boken gir både et godt grunnlag for videre studier og forskning, samtidig som den gir et kunnskapsgrunnlag for å forbedre praksis i hjelpetjenester som barneverntjenesten, psykisk helsevern og pp-tjenesten.

  • 37.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Colins, Olivier F.
    School of Law, Psychology, and Social Work, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands.
    Salekin, Randall T.
    University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa AL, United States.
    Lordos, Alexandros
    University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.
    Kyranides, Melina Nicole
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
    Fanti, Kostas A.
    University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.
    Callous-Unemotional Traits Only Versus the Multidimensional Psychopathy Construct as Predictors of Various Antisocial Outcomes During Early Adolescence2018In: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, ISSN 0882-2689, E-ISSN 1573-3505, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 16-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to compare callous-unemotional (CU) traits versus the multidimensional psychopathy construct in their ability to predict future and stable antisocial behavior. At baseline, a community sample of 996 Cypriot 12-year old adolescents (52% girls) completed measures that tap conduct problems (CP) and psychopathic traits, including CU. CP, aggression, and substance use were self-reported at 1-3 year follow-ups. Youths were assigned to six mutually exclusive groups based on their baseline levels of CP and psychopathic traits. Youth with CP scoring high on all three psychopathic traits dimensions (Psychopathic Personality + CP) showed the most robust and highest risk for future and stable CP, aggression, and substance use, followed by youth who were high on all three psychopathic traits dimensions but displayed no concurrent CP (Psychopathic Personality Only) and CP youth with low levels of psychopathic traits (CP Only). Youth with CP who merely manifested callous-unemotional traits (Callous-Unemotional + CP) were only at risk for future CP. The findings suggest that the CU traits-based approach for subtyping children with CP is less informative compared to a subtyping approach using various psychopathic traits dimensions in predicting future and stable forms of various antisocial outcomes. These findings and their consistency with prior work indicate the need for additional research to examine the various psychopathic traits dimensions rather than focusing solely on CU traits, especially for CP subtyping purposes.

  • 38.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Engelholm, K.
    Frediksson, J.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Initial test of the new risk-need assessment instrument for youths with or at risk for conduct problems: ESTER-assessment2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Fredriksson, Jennie
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Engelholm, Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Ahlberg, Rickard
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Berggren, Steve
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Initial test of the new risk-need assessment instrument for youths with or at risk for conduct problems: ESTER-assessment2010In: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 1877-0428, Vol. 5, p. 488-492Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ESTER-assessment is a new assessment instrument for youths (0-18 years), and includes 19 empirically-derived risk and protective factors for conduct problems. This study tests the inter-rater reliability of the five-point rating scale used to assess the 19 factors in ESTER-assessment on 30 institutionalized girls and their file information. Exact agreement between raters varied from 38 to 72 percent on the 19 individual factors, a result much better than chance. Intra-class correlations of the two independent raters on the majority of the 19 individual factors were fair to good. In conclusion, the results lend support to the inter-rater reliability of ESTER-assessment.

  • 40.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Frogner, Louise
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Psychopathic personality works better than CU traits for predicting fearlessness and ADHD symptoms in children with conduct problems2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Children with early-onset conduct problems (CP) are at great risk for future behavior problems, and this risk seems to increase when CP co-occur with psychopathic traits. Even though studies are indicating that the entire psychopathic personality construct may be more useful in designating a meaningful subgroup of children with CP, research on psychopathic traits and CP in childhood have mainly focused on the role of callous unemo-tional (CU) traits. Prospective longitudinal data of 1,867 3- to 5-year-olds (47% girls) followed annually for two years was used to compare groups of children with different combinations of CP and psychopathic traits on fearlessness and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symp-toms. Children with CP and psychopathic personality had higher baseline and stable levels of fearlessness and ADHD symptoms than children with CP only or children with CP and concurrent CU traits. They were also more likely to display stable levels of the very risky combination of CP and ADHD symptoms. Results were similar for boys and girls. Findings indicate that there are reasons to consider other traits and behaviors as specifiers for subgroups of children with CP over and above CU traits, in order to optimize both diagnostic practice and treatment outcomes.

  • 41.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Hodgins, Sheilagh
    Tengstrom, Anders
    Convergent validity of the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI) - Association with the Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL : YV)2007In: Assessment (Odessa, Fla.), ISSN 1073-1911, E-ISSN 1552-3489, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 144-154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the relationship between the self-report Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI) and the clinician-rated Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL:YV). A representative sample of 92 girls and 70 boys, 12 to 20 years of age (mean age, 17 years), who received services at a clinic for adolescents with substance misuse problems, was studied. Moderate correlations (r =30-.51) were found between conceptually corresponding YPI and PCL: YV factor scores among both boys and girls, whereas correlations between individual subscales of the YPI and items of the PCL: YV were not as consistent. A cross-tabulation of groupings based on the three-factor models of the two instruments largely supported the categorical convergent validity of the YPI, particularly for low and high scorers. Although more studies with larger samples are needed, results indicate that the YPI is a cost-effective measure of psychopathic traits in adolescents in research settings.

  • 42.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Kerr, Margaret
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Bullying in school and violence on the streets: are the same people involved?2001In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 31-49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Examined the relationship between bullying in school and street violence. 2,915 adolescents (aged 14-15 yrs) completed questionnaires concerning street violence, weapon carrying, violence victimization, loitering, bullying, and nights away from home. Results show that bullying others in school was strongly linked to violent behavior and weapon-carrying on the streets, both among males and females. Bullying others in school was also related to being violently victimized on the streets. Findings suggest that school bullying is in many cases a part of a more general violent and aggressive behavior pattern, and that preventive efforts targeting individuals with bullying behavior in school may decrease violence among adolescents in the community as well.

  • 43.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Kerr, Margaret
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Callous, unemotional traits in violent and frequent conduct-problem behavior among non-referred youthsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Kerr, Margaret
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Understanding the abnormal by studying the normal2002In: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-690X, E-ISSN 1600-0447, Vol. 106, no Suppl. 412, p. 75-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective:  In the present paper we ask whether it is meaningful to study psychopathic traits in non-referred youths and whether this kind of research can be used to understand the development of criminal full-blown psychopathy.

    Method:  We review studies that have investigated the utility of assessing psychopathic traits in non-referred samples of youths.

    Results:  Research shows that psychopathic traits in non-referred youths manifest similarly to how they are manifested among incarcerated offenders, as indicated by similarities in factor structures. Also, psychopathic traits relate similarly to frequent, violent antisocial behavior in non-referred youths as among adult and adolescent institutionalized criminal offenders. Thus, the differences between the non-referred conduct-problem youths exhibiting a psychopathic personality pattern and the incarcerated, criminal youths identified as psychopathic seem to be quantitative rather than qualitative.

    Conclusion:  It is concluded that research on non-referred youth samples can provide important knowledge about the processes that underlie the development of psychopathic traits and how this development can be prevented. Implications for future research and intervention and prevention are discussed.

  • 45.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Koehler, Denis
    Louden, Jennifer Eno
    Hinrichs, Guenter
    Does the three-factor model of psychopathy identify a problematic subgroup of young offenders?2008In: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, ISSN 0160-2527, E-ISSN 1873-6386, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 189-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study tests the utility of the personality-based three-factor model of psychopathy according to the Hare Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version (PCL:SV). This model of psychopathy excludes aspects of criminal behavior as opposed to other models of psychopathy. The main research question was to what extent the three-factor model of psychopathy can identify a problematic subgroup of young offenders. The sample consisted of 148 incarcerated young male criminal offenders, between 15 and 25 years of age (mean=19.07, SD=2.11) who were recruited from a central detention center for young offenders in a northern German county. Model-based cluster analysis of the three psychopathy factors showed that three different clusters labeled: (i) Unemotional/Impulsive-Irresponsible, (ii) Low traits, and (iii) Psychopathic personality, had the best fit to the data. The psychopathic personality cluster with high scores on all three factors of the PCL:SV exhibited, as expected, a significantly higher prevalence of conduct disorder and substance use problems, but was not significantly different from the other clusters on past criminality and previous incarcerations. In conclusion, the results showed that the three-factor model of psychopathy can be useful in identifying a problematic subgroup of young offenders. (C) 2008 Published by Elsevier Inc.

  • 46.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Tuvblad, Catherine
    Utveckling av psykopati från barndom till vuxen ålder2016In: Psykopati / [ed] Mette K. F. Kreis, Helge Andreas Hoff, Henrik Belfrage & Stephen D. Hart, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, p. 49-71Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Wirius, Anna
    Riskbedömning: aktuella principer, praktik och en blick framåt2010In: Kriminalvård i praktiken: strategier för att minska återfall i brott och missbruk / [ed] Anne H. Berman, Carl Åke Fabring, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2010, p. 55-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Bergman, Lars R.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Types and continua in developmental psychopathology: Problem behaviors in school and their relationship to later antisocial behavior2009In: Development and psychopathology (Print), ISSN 0954-5794, E-ISSN 1469-2198, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 975-992Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the study of developmental psychopathology a dimensional, variable-oriented approach dominates over a typological approach. With the person-oriented research paradigm providing the metatheoretical framework, pros and cons of these two approaches are discussed, and it is pointed to different methodological realizations of the typological approach, and to the contexts where they might be appropriate. It is also pointed out that the two important and underused concepts of equifinality and multifinality with advantage can be incorporated in a person-oriented approach. An empirical example is given of the study of the structure of early adolescent problem behaviors and their relationship to later criminality where dimensional as well as typological analyses are carried out. The usefulness of the typological approach in studying the development and early manifestations of the personality disorder psychopathy is also discussed. It is concluded that the usefulness of a typological approach appears to be underestimated.

  • 49.
    Bergstrøm, Henriette
    et al.
    University of Derby, Derby, UK.
    Frogner, Louise
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Colins, Olivier F.
    Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    Fanti, Kostas A.
    University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Psychopathic traits during early childhood: Stable over time or rapidly changing?2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Although research has shown psychopathic traits to be moderately to highly stable in late childhood and adolescence, little is known about stability in early childhood, specifically in preschool age. The current study was designed to fill this knowledge gap by assessing stability of psychopathic traits in a large community sample (n = 2,121) of three- to five-year-olds (47% girls) across a two-year time span. The sample displayed stable levels of Grandiose-Deceitful (GD), Callous-Unemotional (CU) and Impulsivity, Need for Stimulation (INS) traits. However, the degree of stability varieda cross these three traits dimensions, and by level of analysis, age, and gender. Rank-order stability ranged from low to very high, but effect sizes indicated less stability than on the mean level, where changes were detected but with small effect sizes, thus demonstrating high stability. This trend emerged for both genders, across development, and age. At an individual level, the great majority of the sample displayed stable levels of psychopathic traits to a large extent, with small gender and age differences. The current study is one of the first that investigates stability in children as young as three years old, and it highlights the possibility of measuring psychopathic traits in early childhood.

  • 50. Bond, Henrique
    et al.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Risk-need assessments of youth with or at risk for criminal behavior: structure or no structure?2011Conference paper (Refereed)
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