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  • 1.
    Abdelnour, Samer
    et al.
    Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Kallinikos, Jannis
    London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.
    Agency and Instituions in Organization Studies2017In: Organization Studies, ISSN 0170-8406, E-ISSN 1741-3044, Vol. 38, no 12, p. 1775-1792Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Agency and institutions are essential concepts within institutional theory. In this Perspectives issue, we draw on a select group of Organization Studies articles to provide an overview of the topic of agency and institutions. We first consider different ways of defining agency and institutions and examine their implications for institutional theory. We then analyse the relationship of actors and institutions through four lenses – the wilful actor, collective intentionality, patchwork institutions and modular individuals. Our analysis leads us to dissociate agency from individuals and view it as a capacity or quality that stems from resources, rights and obligations tied to the roles and social positions actors occupy. Roles and social positions are institutionally engineered. It is social actors qua occupants of roles and positions (not individuals) that enter the social ‘stage’ and exercise agency.

  • 2.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Psykologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Psykologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Bejerot, Susanne
    Karolinska institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Läkarkåren - en profession med allt mindre stöd och inflytande. Enkätstudie av svenska läkares arbetsmiljö 1992 och 2010: [The medical profession, a profession with less and less support and influence. A questionnaire study the occupational environment of Swedish physicians in 1992 and 2010]2011In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 108, no 50, p. 2652-2656Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka förändringar i läkares arbetsvillkor med särskild inriktning på ledning, styrning och stöd. Jämförelser gjordes av enkätdata från två slumpmässiga urval 1992 (n = 390) och 2010 (n = 1 937). Stora förändringar framkom i flera avseenden. Andelen läkare som upplever sig ha något verksamhetsansvar har minskat med 45 procentandelar, från 76 till 31 procent. Mycket stora försämringar framkom vad gäller stöd i arbetet. Tiden som läggs på fortbildning/inläsning och forskning har minskat. Utnyttjandet av läkarnas högsta kompetens har minskat.

  • 3.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Forsberg Kankkunen, Tina
    Sociologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Två decennier av New Public Management: arbetsmiljön i skola och sjukvård2015In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 23-41Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gustavsson, Maria
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Forsberg Kankkunen, Tina
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Akutmottagningarnas konstanta kaos: styrning, det oförutsedda och motstånd2015In: Book of Abstracts FALF 2015 Conference 10, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under många år har det funnits ett brett missnöje med långa väntetider på akutmottagningarna på svenska sjukhus. Media har skrivit mycket om detta område, politiker och huvudmän har introducerat en rad interven-tioner och myndigheter har inspekterat, mätt och jämfört för att stimulera ”best practice”. Men resultatet av allt detta är negativt – väntetiderna på akutmottagningarna har ökat under senare år! Vad kan detta bero på? Kan orsaken vara att styrformerna varit felaktigt utformade, att det under perioden skett andra förändringar vars effekter beslutsfattarna inte förutsåg, eller kan det vara läkargruppens motstånd till effektiviserande åtgärder som ligger bakom uteblivna förbättringar? I denna studie beskrivs dels de politiska initiativ och interventioner som gjorts på nationell nivå för att komma tillrätta med väntetiderna under 2010-talet, dels utfallet av dessa insatser så som de uppfattas av läkare som arbetar på akutmottagningar. I analysen intresserar vi oss särskilt för läkarnas inflytande och eventuella motstånd till förändringar.

    Initialt gjordes intervjuer med 14 läkare som arbetar på akutmottagningar på fyra sjukhus. De tillhör både den nya specialiteten akutvårdsläkare och andra specialiteter som är “gästdoktorer” på akuten. Intervjuerna gjor-des för att få kunskap inför en enkätundersökning, och har för detta arbete analyserats tematiskt med fokus på styrning, förändringar och dilemman i arbetet. Efter analysen av intervjuerna och identifiering av de styrfor-mer som respondenterna tog upp, studerades de rapporter och beslut som låg bakom dessa styrformer. Vilken kunskap baserades de på? Vilka hade inflytande på utformningen av förändringarna? Hur har styrningen anpassats över tid i relation till de svårigheter som akutmottagningarna har att klar av att möta målen?

    Den styrning som de intervjuade läkarna tar upp som kontraproduktiv är relaterad till överorganisatoriska direktiv och mål som är kopplade till prestationsmätningar av olika slag. Ett par exempel: För akutmottag-ningarna finns landstingsspecifika mål att i stort sett alla patienter på akuten ska vara färdigbehandlade inom fyra timmar. Det är ett mål som ständigt fallerar, som medför negativa ekonomiska konsekvenser för kliniken, men framför allt ger en känsla av misslyckande. På vissa enheter har styrningen lett till att man organiserat om arbetet för att förbättra mätresultaten – inte vården. Andra förändringar handlar om ett nationellt föränd-ringsprogram för att med stöd av lean effektivisera arbetssättet, det vill säga hur arbetsuppgifterna organiseras på mottagningarna. Även här beskriver respondenterna problem avseende arbetmiljö och vårdkvalitet.

    Analysen indikerar att styrformerna utmanar den professionella identiteten och skapar nya dilemman. Men det finns i praktiken inga möjligheter för läkarna att göra motstånd; man kan föra fram synpunkter, men de beaktas inte, man kan på individnivå strunta i något delmoment, men det är i det lilla. Resultaten diskuteras i termer av makt och motstånd. I förlängningen bör denna studie utvidgas med intervjuer av chefer och besluts-fattare.

  • 5.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Gustavsson, Maria
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Forsberg Kankkunen, Tina
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Occupational Control on Drift: National and Local Intervention in Clinical Work at Emergency Departments2017In: Professions & Professionalism, ISSN 1893-1049, E-ISSN 1893-1049, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 1-15, article id e1765Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Swedish emergency departments, various initiatives have been introduced in order to reduce long waiting times for patients: lean methods, targets for waiting times related to revenues, interprofessional teams, and different forms of triage systems. This study focuses on the physicians’ views on dilemmas related to these interventions. The study is based on the interviews with 14 physicians in four emergency departments. The interviews have been analysed thematically and presented in the form of brief narratives. The study follows changes from clinical practice to the national policy level. The changes appear to be ineffective or counterproductive—waiting times are rather getting longer, but the measures have a number of other effects. Decisions are taken at a central level and are carried out by means of rules, incentives, and projects and end in the medical profession being displaced from the central position they have held in the working processes of health care.

  • 6.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Forms of Intervention in Public Sector Organizations: Generic Traits in Public Sector Reforms2013In: Organization Studies, ISSN 0170-8406, E-ISSN 1741-3044, Vol. 34, no 9, p. 1357-1380Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper argues that recent research on public sector reforms offers few contributions to the body of knowledge on this topic because it adds little to the conclusions drawn during the first generation of research in this area. Although these later studies have often been context-specific and have explored the details of the process of change in some depth, it is rather difficult to compare their results or to make reasoned judgements of the comprehensiveness and centrality of the analysed change. Although most public sector reforms that affect hospitals, schools or social services are initiated and designed by national governments, individual case studies of local administrations often fail to capture the generic traits of nationwide reforms. However, public sector change cannot be approached as if it comprises collections of nominally independent local events. The present paper argues for two new approaches to the study of public sector change: (i) the systematic categorization of the different forms of governmental intervention under study and (ii) analysis of the ways in which these forms of intervention are linked and interact. Based on extensive empirical research, this paper suggests a generic classification of these forms of intervention that can be used in empirical research on comprehensive public sector change. Consequently, five interventions in public sector organizations are suggested, namely political intervention, intervention by laws and regulations, intervention by audit and inspection, intervention by management and intervention by rationalizing professional practice. The model is particularly well suited to the longitudinal analysis of complex public sector reforms. This approach provides a conceptual tool to distinguish between interventions based on different forms of knowledge and to investigate how they are linked to each other vertically and horizontally. We demonstrate the usefulness of the model by analysing two empirical examples of reforms in which a variety of interventions were imposed at the local level, through legislation as well as a spectrum of voluntary measures proposed by government agencies, by national associations for local and regional councils and by other national or regional actors.

  • 7.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hasselbladh, HansÖrebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Stockholms universitet, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    Kvalitet utan gränser: en kritisk belysning av kvalitetsstyrning2002Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvalitetsstyrning har under det senaste decenniet etablerats som en statligt sanktionerad styrdoktrin i Sverige, i USA och EU. Doktrinens språk, metoder och mål har etablerats i universitetsutbildningar, nationella kvalitetsinstitut och i lagar och föreskrifter. Eftersom kvalitetsstyrning kan omdefiniera vad organisationer är och syftar till är det viktigt att belysa området. "Kvalitet utan gränser" är den första boken på svenska med kritiska betraktelser av detta nya sätt att styra arbete. Ett antal forskare från Sverige, Norge och Danmark försöker i boken besvara frågor som: "Varför kvalitetsstyrning?" och "Vad är kvalitetsstyrning?".

  • 8.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Linking change across time and connecting different layers of change: an analysis of institutional transformation in Swedish health care2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper draws upon a model for analysing institutional transformation originating from the Governmentality-tradition in social science. The model suggest a distinction between three separate between modes of institutional transformation: ‘problematization’ refers to the manufacturing of the conditions of possibilities for change, ‘programmatics’ to the envisioning of a new regime in a domain of society and lastly the actualization of change, where new ideals, forms of knowledge and new aims are technically designed as permanent systems of positing and governing a new institutional reality. The model, and the way we apply it, makes it possible to display change processes over time in a systematic way. That is particularly important with respect to institutional transformation which is characterized by change in several dimensions, across different layers of organized action in iterative, and sometimes halted, processes. The model is used to analyse a crucial phase in the transformation of Swedish health care, starting in the 1980s. We end our analysis 2010 when the new regime for governing health care in Sweden has become dominant.

  • 9.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Professional autonomy and pastoral power: the transformation of quality registers in Swedish health care2011In: Public Administration, ISSN 0033-3298, E-ISSN 1467-9299, Vol. 89, no 4, p. 1604-1621Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of the recent transformation of control in Swedish health care, the changing role of quality registers are analysed as a vivid example of how professional groups become involved in new modes of regulating professional work. Based on a critical appraisal of the main currents in the research on NPM, it is argued that understanding the productive side of power is an underexploited theme. The main part of the article is devoted to a detailed analysis of how a seemingly insignificant, but in its consequences important, professional practice was transformed from a resource for clinical research, an entirely professional concern, to a tool for hierarchical control. In the concluding sections, a number of important conditions for the successful use of soft power in modern societies are identified and discussed.

  • 10.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Forsberg, Tina
    Sociologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Parding, Karolina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå, Sverige.
    Sehlstedt, Therese
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå, Sverige.
    Westerlund, Joakim
    Psykologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Förberedd för läraryrket? Lärare under 40 år av reformer2018In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 24, no 1-2, p. 7-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien belyser hur gymnasielärare retrospektivt uppfattar att de förberetts för sitt yrke under lärarutbildningen. Enkätsvar från 1554 gymnasielärare kategoriserades efter den tidsperiod då de examinerades. Frågan om hur väl förberedda de nyexaminerade lärarna var för sitt yrke kopplas till de nationella reformer som styrde lärarutbildningen under den period som läraren studerade. Medan utbildningen i praktisk yrkeskunskap uppfattas ha försämrats över tid, har andra områden förbättrats. Lärosäte hade inte något samband med respondenternas svarsmönster. Slutsatsen är att utbildningsreformerna har samband med förändringar i utbildningens måluppfyllelse, att förbereda lärarstudenter för sitt yrke, samt att utbildningens anpassning till yrkets krav försämrats över tid.

  • 11.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Kankkunen Forsberg, Tina
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Classroom heterogeneity in Swedish schools: policies and teachers’ opinion2014In: Velferdsmodeller i endring : Implikasjoner for praktisk profesjonsutøvelse og profesjonsutdanning, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    After the reform in 1962 Sweden had an educational system that mixed a certain amount of level grouping and theoretical and practical streams with social coherence in the sense that classes contained pupils opting for different alternatives in those respects. In the first part of the 1990s a series of rapid reforms entirely transformed Swedish education which, amongst other things, abolished all forms of differentiated teaching and different tracks. The new school is an entirely unitary school, underpinned by principles of inclusiveness. As such, the reforms are a remarkable example of reforms committed to ideological (in the wide sense) principles, which is testified by the way they were orchestrated and subsequently evaluated. To this day, there is a consensus within politics, top administration and academia th at any form of differentiation of levels or into tracks is detrimental at it stigmatize andperpetuate class society. The present study presents how the Swedish education was made to a completely unitary system in a series of intervention, ranging from a new grading system to a thoroughly redesigned teacher education. The main empirical contribution is a survey which display how teachers regard the effects of the different forms of heterogeneity at classroom level that often follow suit with a unitary school system. The effects of heterogeneity at the classroom level are a highly charged issue not only in Sweden and extent research is at best ambiguous regarding the effects. Teachers in theoretical subjects from lower and upper secondary schools were included (n=973, response rate 63 percent). The results show that heterogeneity is largest where the pupils are socio-economically disadvantaged. A large share of the teachersr eports that they find it difficult to fulfil the needs of both weak and strong pupils. Heterogeneity also seems to be connected to other aspects of the teachers working conditions, such as influence, tasks that are perceived as illegitimate and emotional strain. These results are finally discussed with reference to the ideological commitments that shaped the advent of these reforms and that still prevail.

  • 12.
    Edenius, Mats
    et al.
    CIC, Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Sch. of Economics and Commercial Law, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    The balanced scorecard as an intellectual technology2002In: Organization, ISSN 1350-5084, E-ISSN 1461-7323, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 249-273Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we focus on the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) as a discursive practice. Instead of asking whether the figures in the BSC correspond to reality, or whether they serve the users' purposes and behave according to their intentions, we have chosen to analyse how the BSC partakes in shaping the world it is intended to reflect. Two case studies will be presented in order to demonstrate how the BSC works in this respect. In the first case, the main issue is how the BSC both naturalizes alleged cognitive limitations among managers and induces them to replace everyday knowledge with highly selective representations. After that, the BSC is shown to operate simultaneously as a straitjacket on strategic intentions and as a constituent of new patterns of action - but in ways that are loosely coupled to strategic intentions.

  • 13.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Editorial2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 1-2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Organizing disciplinary power in a knowledge organization2009In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 178-190Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article provides a systematic attempt to analyze the effects of performance appraisals, here conceptualized as tools for executing disciplinary power, and how the agency of employees is shaped. The article demonstrates how agency is enrolled by a broad set of disciplinary technologies aimed at behavior as well as the self, orchestrated in way that effectively short-circuits resistance. Drawing upon data collected from a Swedish subsidiary of a large American consultancy firm, the article provides a detailed account for the use of disciplinary technologies in knowledge-intensive work and other types of high-commitment work settings. Furthermore, the article pays specific attention to how punishments, rewards and human agency interact in this context.

  • 15.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Bejerot, Eva
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Performative policy: the case of Swedish healthcare reforms2017In: Critical Policy Studies, ISSN 1946-0171, E-ISSN 1946-018X, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 291-310Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we analyze public sector change as a profoundly constructed phenomenon – as performative reforms. Public sector reforms, of which policy processes are an integral part, are constituted and realized through long chains of interventions.Communicative–discursive interventions posit and constitute problemsas real and important, while technocratic interventions, such as plans, analyses, and schemes construct new imagined worlds for possible and attractive instrumental solutions. Our empirical results display circular movements of three modes ofchange, making up a continuous policy cycle in the transformation of Swedish health, reiterated on different levels of the system, indifferent scales, and with different actors involved.

    The continuity of the reforms is to a large extent the result of a successful institutionalization of the policy cycle and its content. It is stabilized as a set of discourse and social technologies, distributed throughout the entire healthcare system and almost impossibleto question.

  • 16.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Bejerot, Eva
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Representing and intervening in Swedish education-Mediating and adjudicating by grading numbers2020In: Financial Accountability and Management, ISSN 0267-4424, E-ISSN 1468-0408, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 20-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Educational reforms are attempts to transform and reconstitute conceptions of knowledge, the practice of teaching and the forms of subjectivity associated with being a teacher, pupil, and parent. We will investigate a particular aspect of the extensive changes that have swept across the landscape of Swedish education over the last decades. We will show how the grading system has come to fulfill a mediating role between progressivist educational ideas and neo-liberal notions of individual choice and entrepreneurship, by way of adjudicating and mediating educational performance for individual pupils, schools, and the education system at large. The aggregated output of the grading system is used for instrumental purposes such as performance management, quality management, and bench marking in the school system. Grading and its associated practices extend throughout the entire school system, defining success and failure from individual classrooms to the national level as the dominant form of representing school performance. The grading system was initially intended to reshape the inner workings of education in Sweden but subsequently became the "gold standard" deployed in various managerial practices. Our analysis demonstrate the performative powers when seemingly innocent techniques are put to use in public sector reforms and new worlds are made and unmade by complex constellations of seemingly mundane techniques and ideational frameworks.

  • 17.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    et al.
    School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bejerot, Eva
    National Institute for Working Life, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Webs of knowledge and circuits of communication: constructing rationalized agency in swedish health care2007In: Organization, ISSN 1350-5084, E-ISSN 1461-7323, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 175-200Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we analyse an institutional transformation of Swedish health care that is underway. We combine the recent work from the ‘Governmentality’-tradition with contributions by John Meyer and associates. The latter is used to explain how these changes are rendered as necessary and natural. The main part of our analysis concerns how the institutional construction of rationalized agency is instrumented. To accomplish that, Dean’s (1999) categories technologies of agency and technologies of performance are used to conceptualize some of the means and principles mobilized in the ongoing institutional transformation of Swedish health care. Firstly, we display the emergence of a complex landscape of new actors, arenas and new practices that regulate and coordinate medical practice. Secondly, various attempts to imbue agency into the patients are analysed as an example of a technology of agency put to use. The conclusions present a more comprehensive picture of governing through new forms of agency. Technologies of agency are closely intertwined with appeals to common goods, the formation of new arenas and forms of expertise.

  • 18.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bejerot, Eva
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, R. Å.
    Bortom New Public Management: Institutionell transformation i svensk sjukvård2008Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den offentliga sektorn i Sverige har präglats av förändring och turbulens sedan slutet av 1980-talet. Rationaliseringar och omstruktureringar

    har skett i stort sett all slags offentlig verksamhet. Inom forskningen sammanfattas ofta dessa förändringar med beteckningen ”New Public Management” (NPM). Bokens titel ”Bortom NPM” anspelar på att många av de metoder och förhållningssätt som sammanfattas under etiketten NPM nu är befästa och oomtvistade. Det centrala temat i vår bok är att visa hur introduktionen av NPM under 1980-talet lade grunden för längre gående förändringar inom svensk sjukvård än de ofta uppmärksammade tillämpningarna av ekonomistyrning och marknadsorientering. Det pågår en institutionell transformation av svensk sjukvård. I boken skildras framväxten av en ny transorganisatorisk styrningsregim i svensk sjukvård – förändringar som går bortom NPM. Detta mönster framträder tydligast när blicken lyfts från enskilda verksamheter, kommuner eller landsting.

    Bokens analyser bygger på en Foucaultinspirerad forskningstradition och visar hur den analyserade förändringen har skapat en diskursiv stängning kring vissa bestämda ideal, kunskapsformer och praktiker, en maktförskjutning till ett regleringslandskap bortom offentlighetens blick och en ny innebörd i att vara anställd för olika yrkesgrupper.

  • 19.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    et al.
    School of Economics and Commercial Law, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kallinikos, Jannis
    Department of Business Administration, The Athens University of Economics and Business, Greece.
    The project of rationalization: a critique and reappraisal of neo-institutionalism in organization studies2000In: Organization Studies, ISSN 0170-8406, E-ISSN 1741-3044, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 697-720Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article critically approaches various neo-institutional accounts of the process of formal organizing. While acknowledging the importance of the overall orientation marked by neo-institutional studies, the article identifies several crucial aspects that have escaped the attention of neo-institutional research. In particular, it criticizes the inability of neo-institutionalism to provide an account of the means linking situated forms of organizing with wider instrumental beliefs and practices, in terms other than adaptivist, diffusionist. Such a limitation is partly a consequence of unwillingness of neo-institutionalism to focus on and analyze the very architecture of the rationalized patterns and relationships which neo-institutionalists claim to be diffusing across organizational populations and fields. Drawing on several sources, the article develops a framework that seeks to outline the conceptual means for decomposing the carriers of rationalized patterns, models and techniques and showing the distinctive ways in which they implicate the building blocks of formal organizing.

  • 20. Hasselbladh, Hans
    et al.
    Kallinikos, Jannis
    Work, Control and Computation: Rethinking the Legacy of neo-Institutionalism2009In: Research in the Sociology of Organizations: A Research Annual, ISSN 0733-558X, Vol. 27, p. 257-282Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter claims technology to be a principal mode of regulation in formal organizations alongside social structure and culture. Such a claim breaks with the conventional neo-institutional outlook that considers technology outside the object of institutional analysis of organizations. The distinctive regulative logic of computational technology is manifested in the increasing entanglement of domain-specific practices and their underlying cognitive and normative order with the decontextualized principles and methods that have traditionally been deployed in the management and control of work operations. Such entanglement and the effects it generates reflect the reshuffling of the regulative reach of technology, social structure and culture under the pressures exercised by the dynamics of current technological change and the impressive involvement of computational systems and artefacts in human affairs.

  • 21.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Mikael, HolmqvistStockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Företagsekonomin och samhället2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Ydén, Karl
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Why Military Organizations Are Cautious About Learning?2019In: Armed forces and society, ISSN 0095-327X, E-ISSN 1556-0848Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that military organizations display a more rigorous form of collective sensemaking than ordinary bureaucratic organizations. Military organizing is predicated on the rigorous modes of thinking and acting that follow from the particular military propensity to impose order on chaos. This trait is antithetical to modern notions of “the learning organization,” in which exploring variety and experimenting and testing out unproven methods are central. We identify two sets of structural conditions that constitute the sociocognitive landscape of military organizations and discuss how the military logic of action might be enacted in different sociocultural contexts. Our framework is brought to bear on recent research on international military missions, and in the concluding section, we summarize our arguments and discuss their wider implications in terms of trade-offs between adaptability and other capabilities in the design of military forces.

  • 23. Kallinikos, Jannis
    et al.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Marton, Attila
    Governing social practice: technology and institutional change2013In: Theory and society, ISSN 0304-2421, E-ISSN 1573-7853, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 395-421Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we extend the concept of technology beyond the conventional understanding of systems and artifacts as embodiments of particular functionalities that are variously enacted in local settings. Technological artifacts or systems epitomize operational couplings that extend beyond the human-technology interface. Such couplings entail multiple, unobtrusive, back-staged links that evade human interpretation yet are critically involved in the reproduction and control of social relations. Cast in this light, technologies emerge as complex rationalized embodiments for structuring social relationships and, in this quality, complement and occasionally compete with institutional modes of governance. We explore these ideas in the empirical context of cultural memory organizations (e.g., libraries, archives, museums). As the outcome of the technological developments that have marked the field over the last two decades, the operations of memory institutions increasingly mingle with those of information aggregators and search engines. These developments reframe longstanding professional practices of memory organizations and, in this process, challenge their institutional mandate.

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