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  • 1.
    Andersson, Linda
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Fiscal flows and financial markets: to what extent do they provide risk sharing within Sweden?2008In: Regional studies, ISSN 0034-3404, E-ISSN 1360-0591, Vol. 42, no 7, p. 1003-1011Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to analyze the amount of risk sharing that takes place between regions in Sweden. It is found that the capital market is the largest source of risk sharing of an exogenous change in gross regional product in Sweden. Still, roughly 20% of a change in regional output is smoothed among the regions through the fiscal system. There is also some evidence that there are regional differences in the sense that regions located in the south rely more on the capital market as a source of insurance against shocks in output, while the tax and transfer systems provide a larger extent of risk sharing for regions located in the north.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Linda
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Net taxes, income stabilization and regional job flows in Sweden2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to empirically analyze the relationship between job flows and regional income stabilization provided by the national tax and transfer systems. The analysis is based on an administrative panel data set containing all sectors in 20 Swedish regions for the time period 1989-2000. Controlling for unobserved regional effects we find that a high net tax-income ratio tends to decrease the rate of jobs that are created and increase the rate of job destruction, increasing the overall rate of job reallocation in the regions. In an attempt to separate out the part of the national tax-transfer system that is aimed at stabilizing the income path over time we find that only job creation is affected, i.e., regions where the income path is more stable tend to have a lower rate of intra-industry job creation.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Henriksen, Anna
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    What determines local expenditures on mental health care in Sweden really?2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to analyze the determinants of local expenditures on mental health care in Sweden. We use a unique dataset that identifies the localities’ expenditures explicitly directed towards mental health care. Based on these data we find that there is increasing returns to scale in the provision of local mental health services in terms of population. However, it appears as if local policy variables, local earnings potential (economic opportunities), geographical area or other indicators that have been put forward in the debate, cannot explain the large variation in local expenditures on mental health care in Sweden.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Offshoring and relative labor demand in Swedish firms2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to analyze relative employment effects in Sweden due to offshoring. In contrast to most previous studies in this field, our analysis is based on firm level data. More specifically the dataset contains Swedish manufacturing firms, 1997-2002. In addition we have access to actual firm level import data on intermediate goods and services, respectively. The results show that the relative demand for high skilled labor is positively affected by service offshoring and offshoring of goods to Asia, but negatively affected by offshoring to high income countries. The relative demand for medium skilled labor is negatively affected by offshoring of goods to Eastern Europe, but positively affected by offshoring to high income countries. In contrast to expectations, the results show that the relative demand for low skilled labor is positively affected by offshoring of goods to Eastern Europe. However, these results are related to very small elasticities, which in turn translates into a small number of jobs affected.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Savsin, Selen
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Firm level effects of offshoring of goods and services on relative labor demandManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on firm level data for the Swedish manufacturing sector the objective of this paper is to analyze relative labor demand effects due to offshoring. Actual firm-level trade data allow us to distinguish between goods and service offshoring, as well as sourcing country. Overall, our results give no support to the fears that offshoring of goods or services lead to out-location of high-skilled activity in Swedish firms. Rather, this paper finds robust evidence that the aggregate effects from offshoring lead to increasing relative demand of high-skilled labor, mainly due to serviceoffshoring to middle income countries.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Savsin, Selen
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Firm-level effects of offshoring of materials and services on relative labor demand2016In: Review of World Economics, ISSN 1610-2878, E-ISSN 1610-2886, Vol. 152, no 2, p. 321-350Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on firm-level data over the period 1997-2002 for the Swedish manufacturing sector the objective of this paper is to analyze relative labor demand effects due to offshoring, separating between materials and services offshoring and also geographical location of trade partner. Overall, our results give no support to the fears that offshoring of materials or services lead to out-location of high-skilled activity in Swedish firms. Rather, this paper finds evidence that the aggregate effects from offshoring lead to increasing relative demand of high-skilled labor, mainly due to services offshoring to middle income countries.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Savsin, Selen
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Labour Demand, Offshoring and Inshoring: Evidence from Swedish Firm-level Data2017In: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 240-274Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper was to analyse effects on firm–level relative demand for skilled labour due to imports of intermediates (offshoring) and exports of intermediates (inshoring). The study is based on a data set of Swedish manufacturing firms, 1997–2002, using trade flows in intermediate goods and services, respectively. Descriptive data show that goods inshoring is much larger than goods offshoring, while the reverse is true for services. There is, however, a strong increase in services inshoring over the study period. Controlling for potential endogeneity in offshoring and inshoring, our results indicate that there is a positive effect of services offshoring on the skill composition of workers in Swedish firms, while no such causality can be established from inshoring.

  • 8.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Business, Economics, Statistics and Informatics.
    Lundberg, Johan
    Institutionen för nationalekonomi, Umeå universitet.
    Sjöström, Magnus
    Institutionen för nationalekonomi, Umeå universitet.
    Regional effects of military base closures: the case of Sweden2007In: Defence and Peace Economics, ISSN 1024-2694, E-ISSN 1476-8267, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 87-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate regional effects of military base closures in Sweden during the last decades. Our analysis is based on a regional growth model, where two equations are estimated; one equation describing the average income growth rate and one equation describing the net migration rate. The data set is a panel of 31 Swedish municipalities covering the period 1983-1998. Our main finding is that a closure of a military base has not had any significant impact on the subsequent average income growth rate nor the net migration rate in the affected municipalities. One potential explanation for these results relates to the labor market and the composition of the labor force.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Värja, Emelie
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    The Composition of Local Government Expenditure and Growth: Empirical Evidence from SwedenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Hultkrantz, Lars
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Andersson, Linda
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Mantalos, Panagiotis
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Stumpage prices in Sweden 1909-2012: Testing for non-stationarity2014In: Journal of Forest Economics, ISSN 1104-6899, E-ISSN 1618-1530, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 33-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The price of timber stumpage is one of the few natural-resource rents that can be directly observed as a market price. Rules for optimal timber harvesting under uncertainty have been found to depend on whether the timber rent price is non-stationary or stationary. In this study we extend previous research by Hultkrantz (1995) that tested for unit-root with an exogenous break point in Swedish stumpage prices from 1909 to 1990, employing data up to 2012, hence for 104 years, and unit-root tests with endogenously selected break points. We find support for a structural level break at the end of WW2 and that non-stationarity can be rejected. We show that this is a robust conclusion. There is thus no sign of a new break in the extended recent time period and no signal of a secular increase of timber resource scarcity. (C) 2013 Department of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Lima Published by Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

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