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  • 1.
    Benisek, Martin
    et al.
    Faculty of Science, RECETOX, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.
    Kukucka, Petr
    Faculty of Science, RECETOX, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.
    Mariani, Giulio
    Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Unit H.01-Water Resources Unit, European Commission DG Joint Research Centre (JRC), Ispra, Italy.
    Suurkuusk, Gert
    Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Unit H.01-Water Resources Unit, European Commission DG Joint Research Centre (JRC), Ispra, Italy.
    Gawlik, Bernd M.
    Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Unit H.01-Water Resources Unit, European Commission DG Joint Research Centre (JRC), Ispra, Italy.
    Locoro, Giovanni
    Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Unit H.01-Water Resources Unit, European Commission DG Joint Research Centre (JRC), Ispra, Italy.
    Giesy, John P.
    Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences and Toxicology Centre, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon SK, Canada; Department of Biology & Chemistry and State Key Laboratory in Marine Pollution, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China; School of Biological Sciences, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China; State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China.
    Bláha, Ludek
    Faculty of Science, RECETOX, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.
    Dioxins and dioxin-like compounds in composts and digestates from European countries as determined by the in vitro bioassay and chemical analysis2015In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 122, p. 168-175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aerobic composting and anaerobic digestion plays an important role in reduction of organic waste by transforming the waste into humus, which is an excellent soil conditioner. However, applications of chemical-contaminated composts on soils may have unwanted consequences such as accumulation of persistent compounds and their transfer into food chains. The present study investigated burden of composts and digestates collected in 16 European countries (88 samples) by the compounds causing dioxin-like effects as determined by use of an in vitro transactivation assay to quantify total concentrations of aryl hydrocarbon receptor-(AhR) mediated potency. Measured concentrations of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibeno-p-dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD) equivalents (TEQ(bio)) were compared to concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and selected chlorinated compounds, including polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans (PCDD/Fs), co-planar polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), indicator PCB congeners and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs). Median concentrations of TEQ(bio), (dioxin-like compounds) determined by the in vitro assay in crude extracts of various types of composts ranged from 0.05 to 1.2 with a maximum 8.22 mu g (TEQ(bio)) kg(-1) dry mass. Potencies were mostly associated with less persistent compounds such as PAHs because treatment with sulfuric acid removed bioactivity from most samples. The pan-European investigation of contamination by organic contaminants showed generally good quality of the composts, the majority of which were in compliance with conservative limits applied in some countries. Results demonstrate performance and added value of rapid, inexpensive, effect-based monitoring, and points out the need to derive corresponding effect-based trigger values for the risk assessment of complex contaminated matrices such as composts.

  • 2.
    Klánová, Jana
    et al.
    Research Centre for Toxic Compounds in the Environment (RECETOX), Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.
    Diamond, Miriam
    Department of Geography, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
    Jones, Kevin
    Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom.
    Lammel, Gerhard
    Research Centre for Toxic Compounds in the Environment (RECETOX), Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic; Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany.
    Lohmann, Rainer
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, United States.
    Pirrone, Nicola
    Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research (CNR-IIA), National Research Council of Italy, Monterotondo Stazione, Rome, Italy.
    Scheringer, Martin
    Institute for Chemical and Bioingeneering, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich, Switzerland.
    Balducci, Catia
    Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research (CNR-IIA), National Research Council of Italy, Monterotondo Stazione, Rome, Italy.
    Bidleman, Terry
    Chemistry Department, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Bláha, Karel
    Ministry of Environment of the Czech Republic, Praha, Czech Republic.
    Bláha, Ludek
    Research Centre for Toxic Compounds in the Environment (RECETOX), Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.
    Booij, Kees
    Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Ab Texel, The Netherlands.
    Bouwman, Henk
    Department of Zoology, School of Environmental Sciences and Development, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.
    Breivik, Knut
    Norwegian Institute for Air Research, Kjeller, Norway.
    Eckhardt, Sabine
    Department of Chemistry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Fiedler, Heidelore
    United Nations Environment Programme, DTIE/Chemicals Branch, Châtelaine GE, Switzerland.
    Garrigues, Philippe
    Institut des Sciences Moléculaires, UMR 52 55 CNRS, Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.
    Harner, Tom
    Environment Canada, Science and Technology Branch, Toronto, Canada.
    Holoubek, Ivan
    Research Centre for Toxic Compounds in the Environment (RECETOX), Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.
    Hung, Hayley
    Environment Canada, Science and Technology Branch, Toronto, Canada.
    MacLeod, Matthew
    Department of Applied Environmental Science, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Magulova, Katarina
    United Nations Environment Programme, Stockholm Convention Secretariat, Châtelaine GE, Switzerland.
    Mosca, Silvia
    Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research (CNR-IIA), National Research Council of Italy, Rome, Italy.
    Pistocchi, Alberto
    GECOsistema Srl, Cesena, Italy.
    Simonich, Staci
    Department of Environmental and Molecular Toxicology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, United States.
    Smedes, Foppe
    Deltares, Geo-environmental Research Laboratory, Utrecht, Segrate, Netherlands.
    Stephanou, Euripides
    Environmental Chemical Processes Laboratory, Dept. of Chemistry, University of Crete, Voutes-Heraklion, Greece.
    Sweetman, Andy
    Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Bailrigg, Lancaster, United Kingdom.
    Sebková, Katerina
    Ministry of Environment of the Czech Republic, Praha, Czech Republic.
    Venier, Marta
    School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University, Bloomington, United States.
    Vighi, Marco
    Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Milano Bicocca, Milano, Italy.
    Vrana, Branislav
    Research Centre for Toxic Compounds in the Environment (RECETOX), Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.
    Wania, Frank
    Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, University of Toronto, Scarborough, Toronto, Canada.
    Weber, Roland
    POPs Environmental Consulting, Goeppingen, Germany.
    Weiss, Peter
    Federal Environment Agency, Vienna, Austria.
    Identifying the Research and Infrastructure Needs for the Global Assessment of Hazardous Chemicals Ten Years after Establishing the Stockholm Convention2011In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 45, no 18, p. 7617-7619Article in journal (Refereed)
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