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  • 1.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Arbetsförmåga och sjukskrivning: är deltidssjukskrivning en framgångsrik metod?2011In: Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling: tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet / [ed] Ann-Sofie Hellberg, Martin Karlsson, Hannu Larsson, Erik Lundberg, Monika Persson, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2011, p. 61-69Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Behovet av nya och förbättrade statistiska mått som kompletterar makroekonomisk statistik med indikatorer som har ett mer direkt inverkan på människors liv2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Does Part-Time Sick Leave Help Individuals with Mental Disorders Recover Lost Work Capacity?2014In: Journal of occupational rehabilitation, ISSN 1053-0487, E-ISSN 1573-3688, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 344-360Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper aims to answer the question whether combining sick leave with some hours of work can help employees diagnosed with a mental disorder (MD) increase their probability of returning to work. Given the available data, this paper analyzes the impact of part-time sick leave (PTSL) on the probability of fully recovering lost work capacity for employees diagnosed with an MD.

    Methods: The effects of PTSL on the probability of fully recovering lost work capacity are estimated by a discrete choice one-factor model using data on a nationally representative sample extracted from the register of the National Agency of Social Insurance in Sweden and supplemented with information from questionnaires. All individuals in the sample were 20-64 years old and started a sickness spell of at least 15 days between 1 and 16 February 2001. We selected all employed individuals diagnosed with an MD, with a final sample of 629 individuals.

    Results: The results show that PTSL is associated with a low likelihood of full recovery, yet the timing of the assignment is important. PTSL's effect is relatively low (0.015) when it is assigned in the beginning of the spell but relatively high (0.387), and statistically significant, when assigned after 60 days of full-time sick leave (FTSL). This suggests efficiency improvements from assigning employees with an MD diagnosis, when possible, to PTSL.

    Conclusions: The employment gains will be enhanced if employees with an MD diagnosis are encouraged to return to work part-time after 60 days or more of FTSL.

  • 4.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Department of Economics, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Does self-assessed health status contribute to life satisfaction in Romania2002In: The European Journal of Health Economics: Fourth European conference on health economics: Book of Abstracts, 2002, Vol. 3 suppl, p. 43-43Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As a complement to the objective standard of living measures (such as income and wealth), subjective indicators (such as people’s general life satisfaction and specific domain satisfaction) have been used to measure individuals’ well-being. By using surveys, self-reports on life satisfaction have been collected and analyses have involved different countries and time periods. Most of the applications have analysed the relationship between subjective well-being and demographic factors. Using a Romanian survey among 2500 individuals we analyse how self-assessed health status contributes to overall happiness during transition to market economy. More exactly,we estimate the general life satisfaction in Romania taking into account individual satisfactions with respect to own health, but also to housing, job and financial situation, ands ervices offered mainly by public sector (health care, transportation, environment). They answer the questions about their general or specific domain satisfaction choosing one of the following response categories: not at all satisfied, not quite satisfied, quite satisfied, very satisfied, which correspond to numerical categories that scale from 1 to 4. Therefore, we apply an ordered probit model approach with individual random effects and fixed time effects,and the results indicatet hat health satisfaction contributes to life satisfaction in several ways both through demographic variables such as age, gender and marital status, but also directly even though we control for indirect influences.

  • 5.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Emotional health during childhood and adult life-satisfaction2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Department of Economics, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    First Exits from the Swedish Labor Market Due to Disability2008In: Population: Research and Policy Review, ISSN 0167-5923, E-ISSN 1573-7829, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 227-238Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of disability exits has been increasing in recent years, raising questions both about the well being of affected individuals, and about how to finance the related disability pensions. Using a longitudinal database owned by the Swedish National Social Insurance Board, this study analyzes the risk to exit into disability at a certain age, assuming that people remained in the labor force until that age. The estimates show that it was more than 7% higher for each 100 days of sickness, but was lower with each additional sickness spell. It was also higher for increments of 1% in the regional unemployment rate. These results suggest that more resources should be allocated for prevention, improving working conditions and designing the tasks of each job so as avoid overuse of employees working capacity.<P>(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

  • 7.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    "Half empty or half full"?: The importance of the definition of part-time sick leave in evaluating its effects2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the impact of the definition of part-time sick leave (PTSL) when analyzing the effect of PTSL on employees’ probability to fully recover lost work capacity. Using a random sample of 3,607 employees, we estimate an econometric model that aims to answer the hypothetical question of what happens to an employee who has lost his/her work capacity if he/she instead of continuing to be sicklisted full time starts working some hours. The estimated treatment parameters vary across definitions, yet all results show that, regardless of the timing of the intervention, PTSL had a positive effect on the probability of full recovery of lost work capacity one year after the spell started. Moreover, the most attractive definition shows the highest impact: About 48% of those with a reduced degree of sick leave from full time to part time during the spell were recovered about one year after the spell started, and only about 6% of them would have been better off had they remained on full-time.

  • 8.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    "Half empty or half full": The importance of the definition of part-time sick leave when estimating its effects2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    In every rank, or great or small, 'Tis industry supports us all': Ethnic Romanians and ethnic Hungarians, and their wages, in transition2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Legally binding treaties or memorandums were used over time to regulate the issue of national borders of many European countries. As a result, relatively big groups of people become ethnic minority of other countries. They may conserve their ethnic identities, and therefore their children may accumulate ethnic human capital (e.g., language, culture, and religion) additionally to the general human capital of the country. Therefore, they can get access to an appropriate occupation, but also to some occupations linked by tradition or other factors to their ethnic group. Using data drawn from the Romanian Integrated Household Survey we analyze the composition of the wage gap between ethnic Romanians and Hungarians in Romania before and during the transition from a planned to a market economy. Using a selection model with an endogenous switch among three broad types of occupational groups, we analyze both the ethnic wage gap and the occupational wage gap within these two ethnic groups. The results suggest that the institutional settings of the controlled economy the big changes in the controlled economy (such as nationalization, industrialization, equal access for women and men to education and employment) allowed ethnic Romanians to work in occupations that gave them the best returns, while the changes during the transition years (especially regarding the improvement of minorities rights since 1997) allowed the ethnic Hungarians to work in occupations that gave them the best returns.

  • 10.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    "In every rank, or great or small, 'Tis industry supports us all": Romanians and ethnic Hungarians, and their wages, in transition2010Report (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Is part-time sick leave helping the unemployed?2011Report (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Long-term absenteeism due to sickness in Sweden. How long does it take and what happens after?2007In: European Journal of Health Economics, ISSN 1618-7598, E-ISSN 1618-7601, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 41-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyze exits from long-term sickness spells in Sweden. Using data for more than 2,500 people, the aim is to analyze the transition to different states: return to work, full disability pension, partial disability pension, and other exits from the labor force. Given the complexity of the exit decision, which encompasses both the individual’s choice, the medical evaluation and the decision of the insurance adjudicator, we consider the outcome as being the result of two aspects of the exit process: one that governs the duration of a spell prior to the decision to exit, and another that governs the type of exit. Therefore, the analysis is done in two steps: first, we analyze the duration of the sickness spells, and then we analyze the process that governs the type of exit. The results indicate that both individual characteristics and push factors, such as regional unemployment, are important for both components of the decision process.

  • 13.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Modeling multiple spells of sickness2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the increase in long-term sick leave, the Swedish government has set out in 2001 an 11-point action program, with the goal of reducing sick leave by 50% by the year 2008. In January 2002, a committee established by the Swedish government presented “an action plan on increased health in working life”, which contains a number of proposals concerning sick pay and the rehabilitation of workers on sick leave. Tripartite discussions among the government, employer representatives, and trade unions have resulted in a number of proposals, some of which including measures to favor part-time sick leave rather than full-time sick leave. This paper aims to analyze the effects of part-time sick leave on the probability of recovering before a given point in time.

  • 14.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Göteborg University, Department of Economics, Göteborg, Sweden.
    ’Never on a Sunday’: Economic incentives and short-term sick leave in Sweden2005In: Applied Economics, ISSN 0003-6846, E-ISSN 1466-4283, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 327-338Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a longitudinal data for about 1800 persons observed between 1986 and 1991, this study investigates the incentive effects on short-term sickness spells of two important regime changes in the social insurance system in Sweden implemented in 1987 and 1991. The results indicate that the rules influenced people’s decisions about when to report the beginning and ending of sickness spells. The 1991 reform, which reduced the replacement rate, had a stronger effect on reducing the duration of short-term absences than the 1987 reform, which restricted the payment of sickness cash benefit to only scheduled workdays.

  • 15.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Part-time sick leave as a treatment for individuals with mental disorders?2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been suggested that using, when possible, part-time sick leave (PTSL) rather than full-time sick leave (FTSL) for employees diagnosed with a mental disorder (MD) decreases their likelihood of being on sick leave for long periods. However, no study has analyzed this "treatment". Using a one-factor loadings model and a sample of 627 employees on sick leave due to an MD diagnosis, we estimate the impact of the PTSL "treatment" on the probability of full recovery of lost work capacity. The results indicate that employees with an MD diagnosis assigned to PTSL after 60 days of FTSL have a relatively high probability of full recovery. More exactly, the average treatment effect of PTSL is relatively low (0.015) when assigned in the beginning of the spell, but relatively high (0.387), and statistically significant, when assigned after 60 days of FTSL.

  • 16.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Romanians, Hungarians and their wages, in transition, in Romania2012In: Economic Modelling, ISSN 0264-9993, E-ISSN 1873-6122, Vol. 29, no 6, p. 2673-2685Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Legally binding treaties or memorandums have been used over time to regulate the issue of national borders of many European countries. As a result, relatively large groups of people have become ethnic minorities in other countries. They may conserve their ethnic identities, and therefore their children may accumulate ethnic human capital (e.g., language, culture, and religion) in addition to the general human capital of the country. Therefore, they can get access to an appropriate occupation linked by tradition or other factors to their ethnic group. This paper uses estimates from a selection model with an endogenous switch among three broad types of occupational groups to analyze the composition of the wage gap between Romanians and ethnic Hungarians in Romania before and during the transition from a planned to a market economy. The results suggest that the institutional settings of the controlled economy allowed Romanians to work in occupations that gave them the best returns, while the changes during the transition years allowed ethnic Hungarians to work in occupations that gave them the best returns.

  • 17.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Should I stay or should I go?: Romanian migrants during transition and enlargements2016In: Labor Migration, EU Enlargement, and the Great Recession / [ed] Kahanec, Martin; Zimmermann, Klaus F., Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2016, p. 247-269Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Sickness-related Absenteeism and Economic Incentives in Sweden: A History of Reforms2003In: CESifo DICE Report, ISSN 1612-0663, E-ISSN 1613-6373, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 54-60Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    The Effects of Social Media Use on the Well-Being of Users: The Wonderland of HaikuJAM2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet usage in general and social networking platforms (SNPs) in particular have dramatically changed the way we spend our time. A relevant question is how this change in time-use affected the well-being of people in general and younger people in particular. We answer this question by reporting, for the first time, detailed information about time-use in SNPs and the well-being of Jammers, the users of HaikuJAM (HJ), a mobile app that aims to boost emotional well-being using collaborative writing techniques. HaikuJAM is output-dependent. Our explorative analysis finds that Jammers who spent most of their SNP time in HJ have, on average, a slightly higher level of both life satisfaction and other domain satisfactions (especially satisfaction with family and friends) than the other Jammers. They also have a few sociodemographic characteristics that are statistically significant different from the other Jammers (i.e., they are slightly older and more of them work and are married). Predominant Jammers also have higher expectations about the importance of the use of HaikuJAM for their well-being and their personal development.

    Our results suggest that the app features attract a specific group of users who have a relatively high level of satisfaction with their life in general and with their family and friends, in particular. It is quite possible that creative individuals who might be introverts and/or are lonely are using HaikuJAM not only to write but also to connect with other individuals who like to write. Despite the fact that our analysis is largely exploratory, our results suggest a few possibilities to addresses the causality between users’ time spent in a SNP and their well-being.

  • 20.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    The importance of the household partners’ country of birth for the persistence in welfare participation2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Department of Economics, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    The reform of the Romanian health care system: a comparative study of regional health directorates during 1990’s2002In: The European Journal of Health Economics: Fourth European Conference on Health Economics: Book of Abstracts, 2002, Vol. 3 suppl, p. 57-57Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the development of the Romanian health care system at regional health directorate level since the transition in 1989. First, we outline the development of the Romanian economy and especially the reform of the health care system. Basically, the Ministry of Health coordinates the health care system through 42 regional health directorates and health care is delivered free of charge to all inhabitants in Romania, with very few exceptions (some small and private clinics). Second, we analyze the effects of the reforms in health care sector during 1990’s by exploring the variations of health care expenditures at regional health directorate level, controlling for differences in expenditures, which can be grouped into demographic and health care organization characteristics. We use health data from databases at regional health directorate level of the National Institute of Statistics. The differences between regional health directorates were analyzed by a stochastic frontier panel cost function. The results indicate significant differences in efficiency across regions, and especially between urban and rural areas. This can mainly be explained by (i) an input-oriented funding system related to the number of inhabitants, wherein the parliament set minimum levels of health service budget for each district until 1996, and (ii) the primary health care reform with a new way of financing health care in addition to the introduction of contracts between district health directorates and general practitioners (as individuals or groups), which shifted the responsibility from hospitals to the district health directorates,  and this was only piloted in 8 regional health directorates (out of 41) in 1994. 

  • 22.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Well-being and the Willingness to Pay for an Intervention Aimed to Decrease Depression2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Andrén, Daniela
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Är deltidssjukskrivning en bra arbetslivsinriktad rehabiliteringsmetod?2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Andrén, Thomas
    The Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations (Saco), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Gender and occupational wage gaps in Romania: from planned equality to market inequality?2015In: IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, ISSN 2193-9012, Vol. 4, no 10, p. 1-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Romania, the communist regime promoted an official policy of gender equality for more than 40 years, providing equal access to education and employment and restricting pay differentiation based on gender. After its fall in December 1989, the promotion of equal opportunities and treatment for men and women did not constitute a priority for any governments of the 1990s. This paper analyzes both gender and occupational wage gaps before and during the first years of the transition to a market economy and finds that the communist institutions did succeed in eliminating the gender wage differences in female- and male-dominated occupations but not in gender-integrated occupations. During both regimes, wage differences were, in general, much higher among workers of the same gender working in different occupations than between men and women working in the same occupational group, and women experienced a larger variation in occupational wage differentials than men.

  • 25.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Gender and occupational wage gaps in Romania: from planned equality to market inequality?2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Romania, the communist regime promoted an official policy of gender equality for more than 40 years, providing equal access to education and employment, and restricting pay differentiation based on gender. After its fall in December 1989, the promotion of equal opportunities and treatment for women and men did not constitute a priority for any of the governments of the 1990s. This paper analyzes both gender and occupational wage gaps before and during the first years of transition to a market economy, and finds that the communist institutions did succeed in eliminating the gender wage differences in female- and male-dominated occupations, but not in gender-integrated occupations. During both regimes, wage differences were in general much higher among workers of the same gender working in different occupations than between women and men working in the same occupational group, and women experienced a larger variation of occupational wage differentials than men.

  • 26.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Konjunkturinstitutet .
    Gender and occupational wage gaps in Romania: from planned equality to market inequality?2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Romania, the communist regime promoted an official policy of gender equality for more than 40 years, providing equal access to education and employment, and restricting pay differentiation based on gender. After its fall in December 1989, the promotion of equal opportunities and treatment for women and men did not constitute a priority for any of the governments of the 1990s. This paper analyzes both gender and occupational wage gaps before and during the first years of transition to a market economy, and finds that the communist institutions did succeed in eliminating the gender wage differences in female- and male-dominated occupations, but not in gender-integrated occupations.

  • 27.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Central European Labour Studies Institute (CELSI), Bratislava, Slovakia.
    Andrén, Thomas
    National Institute of Economic Research (NIER), Stockholm,Sweden; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Bonn, Germany.
    Never Give Up?: The Persistence Of Welfare Participation In Sweden2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Long-term social assistance dependency is a growing concern in Sweden and other European countries. In order for policy makers to design effective welfare reforms it is important to know how strong the state dependence associated with social assistance is in the population and to what extent it varies with different factors, and among different groups. We estimate the effect of the state dependence in social assistance for Sweden during the 1990s, for both Swedish-born and foreign-born. Using a dynamic discrete choice model that controls for unobserved heterogeneity and the initial conditions problem, we found that the effect is three times larger for foreign-born compared to Swedish-born. However, when the effect is distributed over time, it decreases and loses significance after three years for both groups. This suggests that more resources should be allocated for programs that connect working-age recipients with the labor market as early as possible.

  • 28.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Part-time sick leave as a treatment method?2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the effects of being on part-time sick leave compared to full-time sick leave on the probability of recovering (i.e., returning to work with full recovery of lost work capacity). Using a discrete choice one-factor model, we estimate mean treatment parameters and distributional treatment parameters from a common set of structural parameters. Our results show that part-time sick leave increases the likelihood of recovering and dominates full-time sick leave for sickness spells of 150 days or longer. For these long spells, the probability of recovering increases by 10 percentage points.

  • 29.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Part-time sick leave as a treatment method?2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    This paper analyzes the effects of being on part-time sick leave compared to full-time sick leave on the probability of recovering (i.e., returning to work with full recovery of lost work capacity). Using a discrete choice one-factor model, we estimate mean treatment parameters and distributional treatment parameters from a common set of structural parameters. Our results show that part-time sick leave increases the likelihood of recovering and dominates full-time sick leave for sickness spells of 150 days or longer. For these long spells, the probability of recovering increases by 10 percentage points.

  • 30.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Starting sick leave on part-time as a treatment method?2009Report (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Andrén, Thomas
    State dependence in Swedish social assistance2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the economic integration of immigrants has been the subject of a large number of studies, the research on the effect of intermarriage on immigrants’ economic integration/assimilation is scarce and has no equivalence in the literature on the receipt of social assistance. This study fills this gap in the literature by estimating the structural state dependence in social assistance in Sweden during 1990-1999 by different types of households, which were grouped by the country of birth of the sampled individual and his/her partner. Using a dynamic discrete choice model that controls for unobserved heterogeneity and the initial conditions problem, we find that state dependence in Swedish social assistance was relatively strong during 1990-1999, and differed extensively across different household types. Although Swedish-born partners who separated are one of the groups with the lowest receipt of social assistance (i.e., 1.08-1.76%), these individuals exhibit the highest state dependence (24.4 percentage points). Foreign-born singles have almost the same value for the state dependence, but these individuals also have the highest receipt of social assistance (18.47%). Surprisingly, the group with the lowest receipt of social assistance (0.27-3.06%) and the lowest state dependence (4.7 percentage points) are the foreign-born women living together with a Swedish-born man.

  • 32.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. Sveriges Akademikers Centralorganisation (SACO), Stockholm, Sweden .
    State dependence in Swedish social assistance for natives and immigrants: What happened to those who were single before the recession?2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Andrén, Thomas
    State dependence in Swedish social assistance in the 1990s: What happened to those who were single before the recession?2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a dynamic discrete choice model that controls for unobserved heterogeneity and the initial conditions problem, we estimate the state dependence in Swedish social assistance for Swedish-born and foreign-born who were single in 1990 before the recession period started. The estimates of the structural state dependence for Swedish-born singles indicate that it is unaffected by the event of living together with a partner, and the effect is significantly lower for women than for men. For the foreign-born singles, the state dependence for those who stay single the whole decade is equally strong for men and women, and almost not affected when the foreign-born single started to live together with a foreign-born partner.

  • 34.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Saco.
    State dependence in Swedish social assistance in the 1990s: What happened to those who were single before the recession?2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a dynamic discrete choice model that controls for unobserved heterogeneity and the initial conditions problem, we estimate the state dependence in Swedish social assistance for Swedish-born and foreign-born who were single in 1990 before the recession period started. The estimates of the structural state dependence for Swedish-born singles indicate that it is unaffected by the event of living together with a partner, and the effect is significantly lower for women than for men. For the foreign-born singles, the state dependence for those who stay single the whole decade is equally strong for men and women, and almost not affected when the foreign-born single started to live together with a foreign-born partner.

  • 35.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations (Saco), Stockholm, Sweden .
    State Dependence in Swedish Social Assistance: The Importance of a Household Partner2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the economic integration of immigrants has been the subject of a large number of studies, the research on the effect of intermarriage on immigrants' economic integration/assimilation is scarce and has no equivalence in the literature on the receipt of social assistance. This study fills this gap in the literature by estimating the structural state dependence in social assistance in Sweden during 1990-1999 by different types of households, which were grouped by the country of birth of the sampled individual and his/her partner. Using a dynamic discrete choice model that controls for unobserved heterogeneity and the initial conditions problem, we find that state dependence in Swedish social assistance was relatively strong during 1990-1999 for some household types. Although Swedish-born partners who separated are one of the groups with the lowest receipt of social assistance (i.e., 1.08-1.76%), these individuals exhibit the highest state dependence (24.4 percentage points). Foreign-born singles have almost the same value for the state dependence, but these individuals also have the highest receipt of social assistance (18.47%). Surprisingly, the group with the lowest receipt of social assistance (0.27-3.06%) and the lowest state dependence (4.7 percentage points) are the foreign-born women living together with a Swedish-born man.

  • 36.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Konjunkturinstitutet.
    Women and men's response to a non-targeted earned income tax credit2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Andrén, Thomas
    The Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations (Saco), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Women’s and men’s responses to in-work benefits: the influence of children2016In: IZA Journal of Labor Policy, ISSN 2193-9004, E-ISSN 2193-9004, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 1-24, article id UNSP 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how the Swedish earned income tax credit (EITC) introduced in 2007 affected the labor supply of men and women living in two-adult households and the extent to which children in the household affected the outcome. Because the EITC is non-targeted in Sweden, it is difficult to form a meaningful comparison group for a regular ex-post quasi-experimental evaluation of the reform. Therefore, a structural discrete choice labor supply model for two-adult households is formulated and used in an ex ante analysis. In a first step, estimates from the structural labor supply model are used to determine the wage elasticities of the labor supply of men and women separately, both with and without children in the household. Our results correspond to those previously reported in the academic literature: somewhat larger wage elasticities are found for women than for men, while similar labor supply responses are found for men and women when there are no children in the household. In a second step, the labor supply model is used to simulate the labor supply responses to the EITC. Our results indicate that the largest response is on the extensive margin, with an increase in the labor force participation of both men and women. While the labor supply effect on the intensive margin is smaller, it is positive for both men and women working part-time. However, the presence of children affects work hours differently for men and women working part-time or not at all. For men, the percentage change in the work hours was much higher for those living in a household without children, whereas for women, the changes are almost the same for the two types of households.

  • 38.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Saco.
    Women’s and men’s responses to in-work benefits: The influence of younger children2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how the non-targeted earned income tax credit (EITC) introduced in Sweden in 2007 has affected the labor supply of men and women living together in two-adault households and the extent to which children affect related outcomes. Using a structural discrete labor supply model for two adult households, we estimate the impact of the EITC on both labor supply and disposable income separately for households with and without children. Our results suggest that wage elasticities differ for men and women with or without children, a result that is in line with earlier literature. However, women increased their labor supply bu 0.9 percent regardless of children in the household, whereas men with children increased their labor supply by approximately 0.5 percent and those without children increased their labor supply by 0.7 percent.

  • 39.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Andrén, Thomas
    The Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations (Saco), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Women’s and men’s responses to in-work benefits: the influence of younger children2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how the non-targeted earned income tax credit (EITC) introduced in Sweden in 2007 affected the labor supply of men and women living in a two-adult household and to what extent children in the household affects the outcome. Using a structural discrete labor supply model for two-adult households, we estimate the impact of the EITC on labor supply and disposable income separately for households with and without children. In a first step, the empirical model is evaluated by estimating wage elasticites for men and women separately. Our results correspond in level to those estimated elsewhere in the literature, with somewhat larger estimates for women than for men. Our results also suggest that the labor supply responses for men and women are more similar when no children are in the household. In a second step, the model is used to evaluate the labor supply effects of the EITC. Our results indicate that the largest response is on the extensive margin, with an increase in the labor force for both men and women. The labor supply effect on the intensive margin is smaller, yet positive for men and women working part-time in general, but the presence of children in the household brings difference between men and women. For households without children, the response is about the same in size for men as for women. For households with children, the response for men was about the same as for the case without children, but the response for women was about half in size. This indicates that women are less responsive to economic incentives than men when children are present in the household.

  • 40.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Andrén, Thomas
    Department of Economics, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Work and health: working conditions, job requirements, individual habits, and sickness risk2002In: The European Journal of Health Economics: Fourth European Conference on Health Economics: Book of Abstracts, 2002, Vol. 3 Suppl, p. 38-38Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The starting point and motivation of our study are the effects of working conditions, job requirements, and personal habits on people’s health. Our hypothesis is that these effects do exist, and that, on average, employees exposed to either less friendly working conditions, higher job demands, or characterized by bad individual habits, will have longer sickness spells than their cohort peers who do not have the previous characteristics. Another hypothesis is that employees who are working in a friendly work environment, executing jobs that do not demand high physical efforts, etc. will have a better health and will work longer hours than their cohort peers who do not have these characteristics. These hypotheses are tested using a longitudinal database provided by the Swedish National Social Insurance Board (RFV), which contains high quality information on the duration of the sickness spells, earnings, and demographics from both RFV’s and the social insurance offices administrative registers. Both nonparametric and parametric estimates show that the work environment and job tasks, as well as the individual habits have a significant effect on people’s health. Therefore, we conclude that it is desirable to have programs directed to improve the social and physical work environment, jobs tasks, and individual performance (through training and/or vocational rehabilitation of those individuals). Nevertheless, given that the magnitude of the effects of the individual habits was relatively higher than the work environment and job’s tasks effects, it is difficult to suggest which social policy might be suitable to improve employees health in general. 

  • 41.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Andrén, Thomas
    SACO, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tirmén, Patric
    Försäkringskassan, , Sweden.
    Long-term effects of part-time sick leave on the employees' return to work2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Despite the limited and relatively weak empirical evidence for the effectiveness of part-time sick leave, the Swedish government has promoted the use of part-time sick leave instead of full-time sick leave, when possible. A few studies reported the effectspart-time sick leave on the probability to return to work. Our paper aims to bring more empirical evidence for the importance of part-time sick leave on the return to work by estimating the effects of part-time sick leave on the probability to return to work for each of the five years after the sickness spell started. 

    Data and Methods: The sample analyzed in this paper is extracted from the National Agency of Social Insurance in Sweden and includes all employees aged 21-56 years in 2006 when they starteda sickness spell of at least two weeks on full-time, and were employed but not on sick leave during 2001-2005. Data include longitudinal information related to both employment and social insurance related events during 2001-2013. The point of departure is an employed individual with a diagnosed health condition and an accompanying reduced work capacity. This implies a choice between part-time or full-time sick leave. The choice of the degree of sick leave is a joint decision made by the employee, the employer, the physician, and the social insurance administrator. The common objective of the four parties is to choose the alternative with the highest likelihood of recovery of the lost work capacity. A suitable structure for this framework is a discrete choice switching regression model with an endogenous switch between the two states: part-time and full-time sick leave. We estimate the effects of part-time sick leave on the probability to return to work for each of the five years after the sickness spell started.

    Results: The estimates of our two parameters of primary interest, the average treatment effect (ATE) and the expected effect of the treatment on the treated (TT) vary across the years. The ATE-estimates for 2007 and 2008 is negative, but positive for each of the next three years, which shows that employees who switched from full-time to part-time sick leave have on average a lower probability to return to work the first and the second year after the sick leave spell started than employees who were onfull-time sick leave the whole sickness spell. The TT-estimates are negative for all five years, which means that there was a small average lost from part-time sick leave for those who actually were on part-time sick leave.

  • 42.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Clark, Andrew
    D'Ambrassio, Conchita
    University of Luxembourg, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxemburg.
    Karlsson, Sune
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    From birth to adulthood: What are the consequences for a woman in her forties?2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Clark, Andrew
    Paris School of Economics, Paris, France.
    D’Ambrosio, Conchita
    Université du Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
    Karlsson, Sune
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Pettersson, Nicklas
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Nya sätt att mäta välbefinnande? En analys av subjektiva och objektiva mått2019In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 1, p. 44-51Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Clark, Andrew
    Paris School of Economics, Paris, France.
    D'Ambrosio, Conchita
    Université du Luxembourg, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg.
    Karlsson, Sune
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Pettersson, Nicklas
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Subjective and physiological measures of well-being: an exploratory analysis using birth-cohort data2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We use a rich longitudinal data set following a cohort of Swedish women from age 10 to 49 to analyse the effects of birth and early-life conditions on adulthood outcomes. These latter include both well-being and the stress hormone cortisol. Employment and marital status are important adult determinants of well-being. Log family income and absence from school also predict adult well-being, although their importance falls when controlling for adult and birth characteristics. Among the birth characteristics, we find that high birth weight (>4.3kg) affects adult well-being. We predict the level of adult cortisol only poorly, and suggest that the relationship between life satisfaction and cortisol is non-monotonic: both high and low cortisol are negatively correlated with life satisfaction. The results from an OLS life satisfaction regression and a multinomial logit of high or low cortisol (as compared to medium) are more similar to each other.

  • 45.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Clark, Andrew E.
    Paris School of Economics - CNRS, Paris, France.
    D’Ambrosio, Conchita
    Université du Luxembourg, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg.
    Karlsson, Sune
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Pettersson, Nicklas
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    New ways to measure well-being?: A first joint analysis of subjective and objective measures2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Our study is, to our knowledge, the first joint analysis of subjective and objective measures of well-being. Using a rich longitudinal data from the mothers pregnancy until adulthood for a birth cohort of children who attended school in Örebro during the 1960s, we analyse in a first step how subjective (self-assessed) and objective (cortisol-based) measures of well-being are related to each other. In a second step, life-course models for these two measures are estimated and compared with each other. Despite the fact that our analysis is largely exploratory, our results suggest interesting possibilities to use objective measures to measure well-being, even though this may imply a greater degree of complexity.

  • 46.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Earle, John S.
    Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 300 South Westnedge, Kalamazoo, MI 49007, USA.
    Sapatoru, Dana
    Central European University, Budapest, Hungary.
    The wage effects of schooling under socialism and in transition: Evidence from Romania, 1950-20002005In: Journal of comparative economics (Print), ISSN 0147-5967, E-ISSN 1095-7227, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 300-323Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate the impact of schooling on monthly earnings from 1950 to 2000 in Romania. Nearly constant at about 3-4 percent during the socialist period, the coefficient on schooling in a conventional earnings regression rises steadily during the 1990s, reaching 8.5 percent by 2000. Our analysis finds little evidence for either the standard explanations of such an increase in the West (labor supply movements, product demand shifts, technical change) or the transition-specific accounts sometimes offered (wage liberalization, border opening, increased quality of education). But we find some support for institutional and organizational explanations, particularly the high productivity of education in restructuring and entrepreneurial activities in a disequilibrium environment.

  • 47.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Granlund, David
    Department of Economics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden ; HUI Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Introducing waiting times for health care in a labor supply model for sickness absence2015In: Nordic Journal of Health Economics, ISSN 1892-9729, E-ISSN 1892-9710, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 34-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the association between waiting times for different health care services and the duration of sick leave, using a Swedish register database supplemented with information from questionnaires for 3,653 employees. The duration of sick leave is positively associated with waiting two weeks or more for primary care, technical investigations and specialists, compared to waiting one week or less. Except for waiting for a specialist, there is no indication that waiting four weeks or more is associated with longer durations of sick leave than waiting two to three weeks. Long waiting times for surgery is negatively associated with the duration of sick leave, which might be explained by prioritizing where patients with longer waiting times are those with less severe conditions. Including these waiting time variables did not induce substantial changes on the impact of traditional labor supply variables, which suggests that the parameter estimates of traditional variables are relatively robust.

  • 48.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Granlund, David
    Umeå university, Umeå, Sweden.
    Waiting for health care and duration of sick leave2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Granlund, David
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    'Waiting for the other shoe to drop': waiting for health care and duration of sick leave2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses a labor supply model that incorporates waiting for health care to derive an empirical specification for sick leave and to estimate the impact of waiting for health care on the duration of sick leave. In the estimations, we use the 2002 sample of the RFV-LS register database, supplemented with information from questionnaires. The results indicate that almost all waiting for health care variables have a statistically significant positive impact on the duration of sick leave, and did not induce substantial changes on the impact of traditional variables of the labor supply model.

  • 50.
    Andrén, Daniela
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Granlund, David
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    "Waiting for the other shoe to drop": waiting for health care and duration of sick leave2011Conference paper (Refereed)
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