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  • 1.
    Andershed, Henrik
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Frogner, Louise
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Psychopathic personality works better than CU traits for predicting fearlessness and ADHD symptoms in children with conduct problems2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Children with early-onset conduct problems (CP) are at great risk for future behavior problems, and this risk seems to increase when CP co-occur with psychopathic traits. Even though studies are indicating that the entire psychopathic personality construct may be more useful in designating a meaningful subgroup of children with CP, research on psychopathic traits and CP in childhood have mainly focused on the role of callous unemo-tional (CU) traits. Prospective longitudinal data of 1,867 3- to 5-year-olds (47% girls) followed annually for two years was used to compare groups of children with different combinations of CP and psychopathic traits on fearlessness and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symp-toms. Children with CP and psychopathic personality had higher baseline and stable levels of fearlessness and ADHD symptoms than children with CP only or children with CP and concurrent CU traits. They were also more likely to display stable levels of the very risky combination of CP and ADHD symptoms. Results were similar for boys and girls. Findings indicate that there are reasons to consider other traits and behaviors as specifiers for subgroups of children with CP over and above CU traits, in order to optimize both diagnostic practice and treatment outcomes.

  • 2.
    Bergstrøm, Henriette
    et al.
    University of Derby, Derby, UK.
    Frogner, Louise
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Colins, Olivier F.
    Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    Fanti, Kostas A.
    University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Psychopathic traits during early childhood: Stable over time or rapidly changing?2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Although research has shown psychopathic traits to be moderately to highly stable in late childhood and adolescence, little is known about stability in early childhood, specifically in preschool age. The current study was designed to fill this knowledge gap by assessing stability of psychopathic traits in a large community sample (n = 2,121) of three- to five-year-olds (47% girls) across a two-year time span. The sample displayed stable levels of Grandiose-Deceitful (GD), Callous-Unemotional (CU) and Impulsivity, Need for Stimulation (INS) traits. However, the degree of stability varieda cross these three traits dimensions, and by level of analysis, age, and gender. Rank-order stability ranged from low to very high, but effect sizes indicated less stability than on the mean level, where changes were detected but with small effect sizes, thus demonstrating high stability. This trend emerged for both genders, across development, and age. At an individual level, the great majority of the sample displayed stable levels of psychopathic traits to a large extent, with small gender and age differences. The current study is one of the first that investigates stability in children as young as three years old, and it highlights the possibility of measuring psychopathic traits in early childhood.

  • 3.
    Colins, Olivier F.
    et al.
    Dept Child & Adolescent Psychiat, Curium LUMC, Leiden Univ, Oegstgeest, Netherlands; Sch Law Psychol & SocialWork, Univ Örebro, Örebro, Sweden.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Frogner, Louise
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Lopez-Romero, Laura
    Fac Psicol, Dpto Psicol Clin & Psicobiol, Univ Santiago de Compostela, Santiago De Compostela, Spain.
    Veen, Violaine
    Leiden Univ, Leiden, Netherlands.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    A New Measure to Assess Psychopathic Personality in Children: The Child Problematic Traits Inventory2014Inngår i: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, ISSN 0882-2689, E-ISSN 1573-3505, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 4-21Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the development of psychopathic personality from childhood to adulthood is crucial for understanding the development and stability of severe and long-lasting conduct problems and criminal behavior. This paper describes the development of a new teacher rated instrument to assess psychopathic personality from age three to 12, the Child Problematic Traits Inventory (CPTI). The reliability and validity of the CPTI was tested in a Swedish general population sample of 2,056 3- to 5-year-olds (mean age = 3.86; SD = .86; 53 % boys). The CPTI items loaded distinctively on three theoretically proposed factors: a Grandiose-Deceitful Factor, a Callous-Unemotional factor, and an Impulsive-Need for Stimulation factor. The three CPTI factors showed reliability in internal consistency and external validity, in terms of expected correlations with theoretically relevant constructs (e.g., fearlessness). The interaction between the three CPTI factors was a stronger predictor of concurrent conduct problems than any of the three individual CPTI factors, showing that it is important to assess all three factors of the psychopathic personality construct in early childhood. In conclusion, the CPTI seems to reliably and validly assess a constellation of traits that is similar to psychopathic personality as manifested in adolescence and adulthood.

  • 4.
    Colins, Olivier
    et al.
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium-Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands; Center for Criminological and Psychosocial Research. Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Veen, Violaine
    Institution of Education and Child Studies, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Veenstra, Margot
    Institution of Education and Child Studies, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Frogner, Louise
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    The Child Problematic Traits Inventory in a Dutch General Population Sample of 3- to 7-Year-Old Children2018Inngår i: European Journal of Psychological Assessment, ISSN 1015-5759, E-ISSN 2151-2426, Vol. 34, nr 5, s. 336-343Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Child Problematic Traits Inventory (CPTI) is a new teacher rated instrument to assess psychopathic personality traits in children. This is the first study to test the psychometric properties of the Dutch CPTI. Teachers completed the CPTI for 287 3- to 7-year old-children. Results from confirmatory factor analysis supported the proposed 3-factor structure of the CPTI. The CPTI total score and three factor scores were internally consistent and showed the expected correlations with external criterion measures that have been linked to psychopathic personality, including conduct problems, proactive and reactive aggression, and temperament. This study also provides novel evidence that CPTI factor scores were positively related to an alternative measure of callous-unemotional traits, thereby supporting the criterion validity of the CPTI scores. In conclusion, this study replicates and extends prior tests of the CPTI in Sweden and suggests that the Dutch version of the CPTI holds promise as a teacher rated tool for assessing psychopathic traits in childhood.

  • 5.
    Doyle, Maria
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Frogner, Louise
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Feelings of safety in the presence of the police, security guards and police volunteers2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Uniformed presences are thought to create feelings of safety in people. However, do different uniformed people contribute to the same amount of safety and are there differences dependent on the situation? The present study examined the association between various types of uniformed presence and people’s feelings of safety through a questionnaire among 352 respondents (18-86 years) (49.1 % women). The questionnaire contained pictures of relatively safe and unsafe situations with or without uniformed presence. The respondents estimated how safe they thought they would feel in these situations with and without two police officers, six police officers, a police car, two security guards, or two police volunteers. The results showed that uniformed presence does not increase feelings of safety in an already relatively safe situation, making patrol unnecessary. In relatively unsafe situations however, all types of uniformed presence increase feelings of safety. Foot patrolling police increased feelings of safety the most. Security guards and police volunteers created approximately the same amount of safety; making police volunteers a cost-effective alternative, although some situation, gender and age differences were found. All types of foot patrol were better than vehicle patrol (with some gender differences), making non-police groups an alternative to vehicle patrol.

  • 6.
    Doyle, Maria
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Frogner, Louise
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Feelings of safety in the presence of the police, security guards and police volunteers2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Uniformed presences are thought to create feelings of safety in people. However, do different uniformed people contribute to the same amount of safety and are there differences dependent on the situation? The present study examined the association between various types of uniformed presence and people’s feelings of safety through a questionnaire among 352 respondents (18-86 years) (49.1 % women). The questionnaire contained pictures of relatively safe and unsafe situations with or without uniformed presence. The respondents estimated how safe they thought they would feel in these situations with and without two police officers, six police officers, a police car, two security guards, or two police volunteers. The results showed that uniformed presence does not increase feelings of safety in an already relatively safe situation, making patrol unnecessary. In relatively unsafe situations however, all types of uniformed presence increase feelings of safety. Foot patrolling police increased feelings of safety the most. Security guards and police volunteers created approximately the same amount of safety; making police volunteers a cost-effective alternative, although some situation, gender and age differences were found. All types of foot patrol were better than vehicle patrol (with some gender differences), making non-police groups an alternative to vehicle patrol.

  • 7.
    Doyle, Maria
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Frogner, Louise
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Tryggare kan ingen vara?: Människors trygghet i närvaro av poliser, ordningsvakter och polisvolontärer2015Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Tryggare kan ingen vara?: Människors trygghet i närvaro av poliser,ordningsvakter och polisvolontärer
  • 8.
    Doyle, Maria
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Frogner, Louise
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Feelings of safety in the presence of the police, security guards and police volunteers2016Inngår i: European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, ISSN 0928-1371, E-ISSN 1572-9869, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 19-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Uniformed presence is commonly thought to create feelings of safety in people.However, do differently uniformed people contribute to an equal amount of safety and arethere situation-dependent differences? The present study examined the association betweenvarious types of uniformed presence and people’s feelings of safety through a questionnaireamong 352 respondents (18–86 years) (49.1 % women). The questionnaire contained picturesof situations perceived as relatively safe and unsafe with or without uniformed presence. Therespondents estimated how safe they thought they would feel in these situations with nouniformed presence, two police officers, six police officers, a police vehicle, two securityguards, or two police volunteers. Results showed that uniformed presence did not increasefeelings of safety in a situation perceived as relatively safe, making patrol unnecessary. Insituations perceived as relatively unsafe however, all types of uniformed presence increasedfeelings of safety. Foot patrolling police contributed to the greatest increase in feelings ofsafety. Security guards and police volunteers created similar amounts of feelings of safetymaking police volunteers a cost-effective alternative. All types of foot patrol were better thanvehicle patrol, making non-police groups an alternative to vehicle patrol. Some situational,gender, and age differences were found.

  • 9.
    Eriksson, Ida
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Fanti, Kostas A
    University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.
    Frogner, Louise
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Colins, Olivier
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete. Leiden University, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Temperamental and personality dimensions associated with stability and change of conduct problems and CU traits during childhood2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Children with early onset conduct problems are at risk for long lasting psychosocial problems, which is especially true for children who also dis-play Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits. Very few studies have investigated the co-development of conduct problems and CU traits across time and none have done so in preschool years. In this study, we examined joint tra-jectories/groups of conduct problems and CU traits and examine whether temperamental and personality dimensions are associated with stability and change of co-occurring conduct problems and CU traits during early childhood. A longitudinal data base (the SOFIA study) was used in which children (n = 2121) were followed longitudinally at ages 3–5 years, 4–6 years, and 5–7 years. The Child Problematic Traits Inventory (CPTI) was used as the measure of psychopathic traits. Results suggested that children exhibiting high conduct problems and CU traits over time were charac-terized by deviations in temperament (fearlessness and low levels of easy temperament) and psychopathic personality dimensions. Children with decreasing or increasing conduct problems and CU traits were character-ized by marked decreases and increases respectively on temperamental and personality dimensions. In contrast, children with high conduct problems but low CU traits over time were characterized by less deviation on tem-peramental and personality dimensions compared to all other groups of children except the children with low conduct problems and low CU traits. In conclusion, specific temperamental and personality dimensions seem to be closely associated with stability and change of conduct problems and CU traits during the preschool years. Temperamental and personali-ty dimensions associated with the development of conduct problems and CU traits are changeable over time and may constitute key dimensions in preventive efforts.

  • 10.
    Frogner, Louise
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    A new measure to assess psychopathic personality in children: the child problematic traits inventory2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 11.
    Frogner, Louise
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    The Development of Conduct Problems in Early Childhood: The Role of Psychopathic Traits and Psychopathic Personality2016Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has shown that children displaying conduct problems (CP) early in life are at greater risk for severe CP and other negative outcomes later in life. However, not all children with early-onset CP will develop severe CP over the life-course. Thus, it is important to identify those at greater risk, preferably as early as possible, in order to adequately prevent a negative development. Psychopathic traits have received much attention in research on risk for severe CP, involving attempts to extend these traits, and their association to CP to childhood. However, research has thus far mainly focused on one dimension of psychopathic traits, that is callousunemotional (CU) traits, to some extent neglecting two other dimensions of traits commonly included in a psychopathic personality: an interpersonal, and a behavioural dimension. Hence, we still do not know if a full psychopathic personality is identifiable in early childhood, and if and how it is related to the development of severe and persistent CP. The aim of this dissertation was to examine if a psychopathic personality could be identified in early childhood, if psychopathic traits are stable over time, and if and how the psychopathic personality is related to childhood CP. Overall, the results show that psychopathic traits, as well as the display of a psychopathic personality, could be identified in early childhood. These traits were stable over time, and they were clearly and strongly related to childhood CP. Additionally, the combination of early-onset CP and a full psychopathic personality seems to be the most precarious for severe and persistent CP, even more so than the combination of CP and CU traits. With careful consideration to ethical aspects, these results are discussed both in relation to a developmental psychopathology perspective on CP, as well as in relation to diagnostic practice as it is framed today.

    Delarbeid
    1. A New Measure to Assess Psychopathic Personality in Children: The Child Problematic Traits Inventory
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A New Measure to Assess Psychopathic Personality in Children: The Child Problematic Traits Inventory
    Vise andre…
    2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, ISSN 0882-2689, E-ISSN 1573-3505, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 4-21Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the development of psychopathic personality from childhood to adulthood is crucial for understanding the development and stability of severe and long-lasting conduct problems and criminal behavior. This paper describes the development of a new teacher rated instrument to assess psychopathic personality from age three to 12, the Child Problematic Traits Inventory (CPTI). The reliability and validity of the CPTI was tested in a Swedish general population sample of 2,056 3- to 5-year-olds (mean age = 3.86; SD = .86; 53 % boys). The CPTI items loaded distinctively on three theoretically proposed factors: a Grandiose-Deceitful Factor, a Callous-Unemotional factor, and an Impulsive-Need for Stimulation factor. The three CPTI factors showed reliability in internal consistency and external validity, in terms of expected correlations with theoretically relevant constructs (e.g., fearlessness). The interaction between the three CPTI factors was a stronger predictor of concurrent conduct problems than any of the three individual CPTI factors, showing that it is important to assess all three factors of the psychopathic personality construct in early childhood. In conclusion, the CPTI seems to reliably and validly assess a constellation of traits that is similar to psychopathic personality as manifested in adolescence and adulthood.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Springer, 2014
    Emneord
    Assessment, Child problematic traits inventory (CPTI), Children, Conduct problems, Psychopathic personality
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Psykologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-34505 (URN)10.1007/s10862-013-9385-y (DOI)000331971900002 ()24610971 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84900376759 (Scopus ID)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-03-31 Laget: 2014-03-31 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-05bibliografisk kontrollert
    2. Psychopathic Traits During Early Childhood: Stable Over Time or Rapidly Changing?
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Psychopathic Traits During Early Childhood: Stable Over Time or Rapidly Changing?
    Vise andre…
    (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Psykologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53549 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-11-17 Laget: 2016-11-17 Sist oppdatert: 2017-10-18bibliografisk kontrollert
    3. Childhood Psychopathic Personality and Callous-Unemotional Traits in the Prediction of Conduct Problems
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Childhood Psychopathic Personality and Callous-Unemotional Traits in the Prediction of Conduct Problems
    2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, ISSN 0002-9432, E-ISSN 1939-0025, Vol. 88, nr 2, s. 211-225Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzed data from a prospective longitudinal study of Swedish preschoolers to examine whether psychopathic traits and concurrent conduct problems predict future conduct problems (CP) across 1- and 2-year follow-ups into early childhood. We tested the predictive ability of psychopathic traits while controlling for concurrent CP, and also by combining psychopathic traits with concurrent CP. A community sample of 1,867 preschoolers (47% girls) ages 3 to 5 years at baseline was recruited from a Swedish medium-sized municipality. Results from multivariate regression analyses showed that psychopathic traits alone (without co-occurring CP) did not consistently predict continuing childhood CP, but did so, among both boys and girls, in combination with concurrent conduct problems. It is important to note that, the combination of concurrent CP and the entire psychopathic personality, that is, a 3-dimensional psychopathic construct, was a stronger predictor of continuing childhood CP than the combination of concurrent CP and Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits among boys but not among girls.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    American Psychological Association (APA), 2018
    Emneord
    callous-unemotional traits; conduct problems; early childhood; psychopathic traits
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Psykologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53547 (URN)10.1037/ort0000205 (DOI)000427477500010 ()27786502 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84994236781 (Scopus ID)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Swedish Research CouncilForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-11-17 Laget: 2016-11-17 Sist oppdatert: 2018-04-03bibliografisk kontrollert
    4. Psychopathic Personality Works Better than CU Traits for Predicting Fearlessness and ADHD Symptoms among Children with Conduct Problems
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Psychopathic Personality Works Better than CU Traits for Predicting Fearlessness and ADHD Symptoms among Children with Conduct Problems
    (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Psykologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53548 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-11-17 Laget: 2016-11-17 Sist oppdatert: 2017-10-18bibliografisk kontrollert
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    The Development of Conduct Problems in Early Childhood
    Download (png)
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    Download (pdf)
    Cover
    Download (pdf)
    Spikblad
  • 12.
    Frogner, Louise
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Psychopathic Personality Works Better than CU Traits for Predicting Fearlessness and ADHD Symptoms among Children with Conduct ProblemsManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 13.
    Frogner, Louise
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Psychopathic Personality Works Better than CU Traits for Predicting Fearlessness and ADHD Symptoms among Children with Conduct Problems2018Inngår i: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, ISSN 0882-2689, E-ISSN 1573-3505, Vol. 40, nr 1, s. 26-39Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Children with early-onset conduct problems (CP) are at great risk for future behavior problems, and this risk seems to increase when CP co-occur with psychopathic traits. Even though studies are indicating that the entire psychopathic personality construct may be more useful in designating a meaningful subgroup of children with CP, research on psychopathic traits and CP in childhood have mainly focused on the role of callous unemotional (CU) traits. Prospective longitudinal data of 1867 3- to 5-year-olds (47% girls) followed annually for two years was used to compare groups of children with different combinations of CP and psychopathic traits on fearlessness and Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms. Children with CP and psychopathic personality had higher baseline and stable levels of ADHD symptoms than children with CP only or children with CP and concurrent CU traits, while baseline levels of fearlessness did not differ. They were also more likely to display stable levels of the risky combination of CP and ADHD symptoms. Results were similar for boys and girls. Findings indicate that there are reasons to consider other traits and behaviors as specifiers for subgroups of children with CP over and above CU traits, in order to optimize both diagnostic practice and treatment outcomes.

  • 14.
    Frogner, Louise
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Lindberg, Odd
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Evaluation of a hot spot policing project using private security guards to prevent violent crime2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Frogner, Louise
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Lindberg, Odd
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Johansson, Marcus
    Örebro City Police, Örebro, Sweden.
    Directed Patrol for Preventing City Centre Street Violence in Sweden - A Hot Spot Policing Intervention2013Inngår i: European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, ISSN 0928-1371, E-ISSN 1572-9869, Vol. 19, nr 4, s. 333-350Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines a hot spot policing intervention where private security guards patrolled a specific area in the city centre of a mid-sized Swedish town during summer weekend evenings and nights, aiming to reduce the number of reported street violence incidents. A follow-up of the intervention, using previous years as a control was conducted to measure changes in the number of street violence rates before and during the intervention. The results show non-significant decreases in the number of reported street violence incidents during the intervention. The results can be interpreted in at least two ways: that the intervention had no effects; or that the small, but non-significant decreases observed, are indeed small effects that can be strengthened by modifying the implementation of the intervention. An additional analysis shows that the changes in crime rates are larger at times when the guards adapted a stricter hot spot policing approach, which indicates that with a more structured implementation of the intervention it might be possible to see larger effects.

  • 16.
    Frogner, Louise
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Bergstrøm, Henriette
    University of Derby.
    Colins, Olivier F.
    Leiden University Medical Center and Örebro University.
    Fanti, Kostas A.
    University of Cyprus.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Psychopathic Traits During Early Childhood: Stable Over Time or Rapidly Changing?Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Frogner, Louise
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Colins, Olivier F.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    The Importance of CU traits and Other Psychopathic Personality Traits in Predicting Early Childhood Conduct Problems2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 18.
    Frogner, Louise
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Gibson, Chris L
    University of Florida, Gainesville Florida, USA.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Childhood Psychopathic Personality and Callous-Unemotional Traits in the Prediction of Conduct Problems2018Inngår i: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, ISSN 0002-9432, E-ISSN 1939-0025, Vol. 88, nr 2, s. 211-225Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzed data from a prospective longitudinal study of Swedish preschoolers to examine whether psychopathic traits and concurrent conduct problems predict future conduct problems (CP) across 1- and 2-year follow-ups into early childhood. We tested the predictive ability of psychopathic traits while controlling for concurrent CP, and also by combining psychopathic traits with concurrent CP. A community sample of 1,867 preschoolers (47% girls) ages 3 to 5 years at baseline was recruited from a Swedish medium-sized municipality. Results from multivariate regression analyses showed that psychopathic traits alone (without co-occurring CP) did not consistently predict continuing childhood CP, but did so, among both boys and girls, in combination with concurrent conduct problems. It is important to note that, the combination of concurrent CP and the entire psychopathic personality, that is, a 3-dimensional psychopathic construct, was a stronger predictor of continuing childhood CP than the combination of concurrent CP and Callous-Unemotional (CU) traits among boys but not among girls.

  • 19.
    Frogner, Louise
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Oscarsson, Lars
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Kunskap och kvalitet i socialtjänsten: en kartläggning av förutsättningar för kvalitetsarbete och verksamhetsutveckling i Katrineholms kommun2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Hellfeldt, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Frogner, Louise
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Källström, Åsa
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Understanding preschool precursors to early school adjustment2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Positive early school adjustment has been suggested to provide an important base for future school performance. In fact, positive adjustment to school has emerged as one of the key factors for educational performance and lower rates of psychosocial and conduct problems. Thus, it is essential that we come to a better understanding of why some children exhibit positive early school adjustment while others do not. School adjustment is a comprehensive term, describing how children adapt both socially, behaviorally and academically, including aspects such as (i) children’s connectedness to school, i.e., liking school, (ii) children’s school involvement, i.e., school avoidance and task engagement and, (iii) children’s school performance, i.e., academic achievement. This presentation will give the outline for, and some preliminary descriptive results from a research project aimed at advancing knowledge and identifying the various developmental pathways of potential influential factors on school adjustment; early childhood risk and protective factors that are related to early positive and negative school adjustment. Potential risk and protective factors that will be studied include various preschool/school factors, family and parent-child factors, peer factors, and specific individual factors of the child. The study uses data from four waves of the SOFIA-study, an ongoing prospective longitudinal research program including all children born between 2005 and 2007 attending preschools during the spring of 2010 (>2,000 children) in a midsized Swedish municipality. The knowledge produced in this project can be used to develop strategies and interventions to promote early positive school adjustment, and to prevent early negative school adjustment.

  • 21.
    Klingzell, Ida
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Fanti, Kostas
    Department of Psychology, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.
    Colins, Olivier
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete. Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium-Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands.
    Frogner, Louise
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Early Childhood Trajectories of Conduct Problems and Callous-Unemotional Traits: The Role of Fearlessness and Psychopathic Personality Dimensions2016Inngår i: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, ISSN 0009-398X, E-ISSN 1573-3327, Vol. 47, nr 2, s. 236-247Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Children with early onset of conduct problems (CP) are at risk for long lasting psychosocial problems, especially if CP co-occurs with callous-unemotional (CU) traits. Joint trajectories of CP and CU traits during early childhood were identified using data from the SOFIA study, following 2031 children longitudinally from ages 3-5 to 5-7 years. The results showed that children exhibiting stable high CP and CU traits were characterized by high levels of fearlessness, and psychopathic traits, including grandiose-deceitfulness, and impulsivity, need for stimulation. Children with decreasing or increasing CP and CU traits were characterized by decreases and increases respectively in their levels of fearlessness and psychopathic traits. Children high on CP and low on CU traits exhibited lower levels of these dimensions. Thus, stability and change of fearlessness and psychopathic traits are associated with stability and change in CP and CU traits, making these temperamental and personality traits promising target candidates for early intervention.

  • 22.
    Tuvblad, Catherine
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Sild, Mari
    Concordia University, Montreal, Canada.
    Frogner, Louise
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Booij, Linda
    Concordia University, Montreal, Canada.
    Behavioral Genetics of Aggression and Intermittent Explosive Disorder2019Inngår i: Intermittent Explosive Disorder: Etiology, Assessment, and Treatment / [ed] Emil Coccaro, Michael McCloskey, Academic Press, 2019, s. 17-35Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Aggression has been consistently shown to have a large genetic component based on findings from behavioral genetic studies. However, candidate gene and GWA studies on aggression have not identified a significant genetic marker. This does not mean that there are no genes relevant for aggression, but possibly indicates a complex interplay between various genetic components and environmental factors/triggers in aggression. Additionally, distinct forms of aggressive behavior (e.g., reactive, proactive, direct /physical, indirect/relational) may differ in their underlying neurobiological mechanisms. The extent to which environment affects epigenetic processes may depend on genotype, as well as other factors such as age, sex, and developmental history. The nonlinear occurrence of aggression over the lifetime (. Petersen, Bates, Dodge, Lansford, & Pettit, 2015) hints the involvement of developmental processes in the manifestation of aggression. Also, pathological aggression is highly comorbid with numerous psychiatric disorders and the concept of aggression is very heterogeneous, which further increases the complexity in the search for genetic and epigenetic markers. Notably, while most clinical studies focus on antisocial personality disorder, (epi)genetic research in psychiatric disorders that have aggression as a core symptom (such as IED) is scarce. Multidisciplinary collaborative research of genetic and epigenetic factors at various ages throughout the lifespan in well-characterized clinical and nonclinical study samples is needed to further shed light on the specific genetic and epigenetic contributions to (different types of) aggression including IED.

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