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  • 1.
    Ahlberg [Alsarve], Jenny
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Barn som relation2006Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Ahlberg Alsarve], Jenny
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Mamma, pappa, barn i nya skepnader: hur konstrueras familjer efter 'kärnfamiljen'?2006Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Ahlberg [Alsarve], Jenny
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Post-divorce families: family practices from a child perspective2008Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    Ahlberg [Alsarve], Jenny
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Efter kärnfamiljen: familjepraktiker efter skilsmässa2008Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation is about post-divorce families. The central question is how family is constructed after divorce. The aim is to study how family relationships are negotiated, transformed and reproduced after the separation. The research is based on 24 in-depth interviews with twelve young adults, between the ages of 21 and 29, with divorced parents. Their narratives about their families are analysed using a theoretical framework inspired by the individualization theories (Beck & Beck-Gernsheim 2001; Giddens 1997, 1995) and the doing family perspective (Morgan 1996; Silva & Smart 1999a), especially focusing on the concepts of negotiation and family practices. More specific questions raised in the dissertation are how are family boundaries drawn by the young adults? How do the interviewees understand the new organization of their families, which has been renegotiated after the separation? What perception of motherhood and fatherhood can be found in the narratives? And, finally, to what extent are family relationships after divorce negotiated in the way that the individualization theories claim?

    The results show a quite complex picture of family life after divorce. While both parents are often described as participating parents, the family practices after divorce appear clearly gendered. The mother’s involvement in taking care of the child seems not to be negotiable in the same way as the father’s. Hence, motherhood appears natural and taken for granted to a much greater extent than fatherhood. The negotiations between the parents after divorce can be of both an explicit and implicit character according to the narratives, but yet another kind of negotiation are the indirect negotiations. In these negotiations, the child is used as a go-between or carrier, a position that seems to limit their own possibility to participate in the decision making. Another aspect that seems to diminish children’s participation is the principle of loyalty to both their biological parents. The results also show that the children’s living arrangements after divorce are characterized by changes and renegotiations rather than being permanent. The parents’ new partners are described in different ways in the narratives, however, they are often seen as turning points that have a major influence on the family relationships. The nuclear family as a normative ideal is present in all the interviews but in different ways. While some express an explicit critique of it, others regard it as something that they want for themselves in the future. What constitutes a family according to the narratives? Firstly, blood ties and formal relationships are pointed out. Secondly, the feeling of solidarity and closeness is viewed perhaps as the most evident element of family life. This feeling can be created by open communication as well as by spending time together on a regular basis. Thirdly, growing up together and/or sharing everyday life practices are also considered as vital to develop and maintain close family ties. This means that the family boundaries after divorce are renegotiated over time rather than permanent. These negotiations take place in a certain context, where gender norms, earlier experiences and other social relationships play an important role.

  • 5.
    Ahlberg [Alsarve], Jenny
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Familjekonstruktioner efter skilsmässa2010Inngår i: Locus, ISSN 1100-3197, nr 4, s. 17-29Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utifrån intervjuer med vuxna skilsmässobarn diskuterar Jenny Ahlberg familjekonstruktioner och hur skilsmässobarn resonerar om sin egen framtid och familjebildande. Vem som definieras som familj och inte varierar över tid och är beroende på situation. Olika grader av "familjeinklusion" kan också skönjas.

  • 6.
    Ahlberg [Alsarve], Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Roman, Christine
    Uppkomsten av en demokratisk familj?: Teori, politik, praktik2006Inngår i: Om demokratins villkor: 2 / [ed] Mats Ekström ..., Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2006, s. 77-109Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Ahlberg [Alsarve], Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Roman, Christine
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Duncan, Simon
    Actualizing the 'democratic family'?: Swedish policy rhetoric versus family practices2008Inngår i: Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society, ISSN 1072-4745, E-ISSN 1468-2893, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 79-100Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we examine empirically a key element of individualization theory—the democratic family. We do so using the “acid test” of family policy, and family practice, in Sweden. First, we review the progress of family policy in Sweden since the 1960s, which has expressly promoted an agenda of gender equality and democracy in families, with individual autonomy for both adults and children as one key element. We then turn to family practice, looking particularly at negotiation and adult equality, lifelong parenting after separation, and children's autonomy. While Swedish policy makers and shapers seem to have developed the idea of the democratic family long before the sociologist Anthony Giddens, the results in practice have been more ambivalent. While there has been change, there is more adaptation to pre-existing gender and generational norms.

  • 8.
    Alsarve [Ahlberg], Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Boye, Katarina
    Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI), Stockholm University, Stockholm, sweden.
    Inte bara jämställdhet2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Alsarve [Ahlberg], Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Boye, Katarina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI), Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Inte bara jämställdhet: beslutet om föräldraledighet, moderskaps- och faderskapsideal och idéer om barns bästa2012Inngår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, nr 2, s. 103-128Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    On the basis of 40 semi-structured interviews, this study discusses decision making processes regarding parental leave among nascent first-time middle-class parents in Sweden. We analyze motives and ideas behind the couples' plans and decisions and how decisions on parental leave were made. We furthermore show how the decision making processes can be discussed in relation to the institutional context. The results show that ideals and norms of gender equality are accompanied by gendered divisions of work and care and a partially traditional view on motherhood and fatherhood. Contrary to previous studies, we do not find a clear link between gender equal ideals and explicit negotiations. An equal division of parental leave is, in some couples, taken for granted to such an extent that the decision on how to divide the leave is taken implicitly rather than explicitly. Decisions on division of parental leave are not isolated processes. Rather, ideals and norms around motherhood, fatherhood, gender equality and not least what is 'in the best interest of the child' constitute part of the context in which these decision making processes take place.

  • 10.
    Alsarve [Ahlberg], Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Boye, Katarina
    Institutet för social forskning, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Man vill ha det lite jämställt sådär: planer för föräldraledighet och arbetsdelning bland blivande föräldrar2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Analysen tecknar sammanfattningsvis en bild av pars vardagsliv där jämställda ideal och tankar om rättvisa ackompanjeras av rädslor för att hamna i en könstraditionell arbetsdelning och ibland också av inslag av traditionella föreställningar om bland annat moderskap. Vi har också kunnat konstatera genusaspekter kopplade till yrkesarbetet och arbetssituationens betydelse för föräldraledigheten där mäns yrkesarbete ibland tycks prioriteras. Att ansvaret för jämställdheten i hushållet läggs i första hand på kvinnan är en annan viktig slutsats. Det är kvinnan som beskrivs som den som måste kliva åt sidan för att ”släppa in” mannen i föräldraskapet samt den som främst initierar diskussioner om arbetsfördelning. Hos paren framträdde höga ambitioner om att skapa en jämställd arbetsfördelning, med avseende på både yrkesarbete och hemarbete, också efter barnets ankomst.

  • 11.
    Alsarve [Ahlberg], Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Roman, Christine
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Working it out: strategies to reconcile paid work and family among Swedish lone mothers2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The gendered nature of the struggle to integrate caring, family and paid work has been repeatedly demonstrated. Most research, however, has focused on dual parent families. This paper discusses work-family conflict in the everyday lives of lone mothers in Sweden. We use an agency-centered framework inspired by the capabilities approach, which emphasizes that the options of an individual depend greatly on institutions and relations with others. Drawing on 38 in-depth interviews with lone mothers from different social backgrounds we explore i) how the proper relationship between motherhood and paid work is conceived of, ii) the institutional and relational factors that influence lone mothers’ opportunities to attain work-life balance, and iii) the strategies employed in negotiating paid work and family. Our results show that paid work is integral to good motherhood to all lone mothers regardless of social class. They also show that lone mothers typically experience high levels of work-family conflict. Opportunities to reconcile paid work and family depend on employment conditions, accessibility to social support networks, the role of the absent father, household composition, and access to public childcare on unregularly hours. In the case of middle class mothers, blurred boundaries between work and family life, late meetings and work related traveling restrict opportunities to attain work-family balance. For low income and/or working class mothers temporal employment, unregular working hours and low earnings are significant constraining factors. Reducing working hours, negotiating working schedules with employers and colleagues, and asking relatives and friends for help are examples of strategies used to reduce work-life conflicts. Reducing travelling time between the job and the home by moving from one place to another, and moving closer to relatives to increase the chances to get practical support are other examples. While middle-class women typically used flexi-time at work to alleviate conflicts between different responsibilities, several low-income mothers changed jobs or invested in education in order to improve their situation

  • 12.
    Alsarve [Ahlberg], Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Svenning, Maria
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Introduktionen i Örebro län. Individualiserad? Jämställd? Effektiv?: rapport för Utvecklingsrådets integrationsgrupp i Örebro län2005Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 13.
    Alsarve, Jenny
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Friendship, reciprocity and similarity: Lone mothers and their relationships with friends2019Inngår i: Community, Work and Family, ISSN 1366-8803, E-ISSN 1469-3615Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies have demonstrated the importance of informal social relationships in lone mothers’ everyday lives, not least regarding their ability to reconcile paid work and care duties. This paper examines lone mothers’ relationships with their friends. Drawing on qualitative interviews with Swedish lone mothers, it aims to analyse how friendship relations are described by the lone mothers, to what extent they are characterized by different forms of reciprocity and if the mothers perceive their friends as being part of their families. Inspired by Alberoni’s thoughts on friendship, and Finch and Mason’s view of reciprocity, the analysis reveals a complex picture of friendship relations. It is argued that friends often play a significant role in the everyday lives of the lone mothers. Friends were seen as key elements in some mothers’ lives, and sometimes were defined as ‘family’, providing emotional as well as practical support; but they were almost entirely absent in the lives of others. The support from their friends was often surrounded by norms of reciprocity. The results indicate that although the help from friends sometimes was decisive and appreciated, the mothers found it difficult to ask friends for help.

  • 14.
    Alsarve, Jenny
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Förhandlade relationer i kölvattnet efter en mammas sjukskrivning2019Inngår i: Samhälle i förhandling: Villkor, processer, konsekvenser / [ed] Jenny Alsarve & Erik Löfmarck, Sociology: Örebro universitet , 2019, s. 89-102Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Alsarve, Jenny
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lone but not alone?: lone mothers’ need of social support networks in order to attain work-family balance2015Inngår i: DIFFERENCES INEQUALITIES AND SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION. ESA 2015 PRAGUE: BOOK OF ABSTRACTS, 2015, s. 651-652Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I explore the meaning of social support networks for lone mothers in Sweden. Drawing on 39 in-depth interviews with Swedish lone mothers from different social backgrounds the paper discusses questions like: How does family and friends support lone mothers in their everyday lives? In what ways does access to social support networks facilitate or constrain lone mothers’ ability to reconcile paid work and caring responsibilities? Inspired by theories on reciprocity the paper also discusses the underlying premises for different kinds of support. The results show the support from kin, family and friends were vital in mediating work-family conflict among the mothers. Not least the mothers own mothers were the most important helpers. In addition the middle class mothers got more regular help than working class mothers. This is in line with previous research indicating that higher educated people get and receive more support. The findings are striking since family policies in Sweden has aimed at facilitating parent’s combination of work and family not least by offering a low cost and high quality childcare. Working long hours and/or unsocial hours as well as a high workload however meant that informal support was extremely important. For the ones lacking access to social support networks everyday life as a working single mother was very difficult.

  • 16.
    Alsarve, Jenny
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Working it out: strategies to reconcile work and family among Swedish lone mothers2017Inngår i: Families, Relationships and Societies, ISSN 2046-7435, E-ISSN 2046-7443, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 325-340Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on 39 interviews with Swedish lone mothers, this article aims to explore the central coping strategies used by the mothers in reconciling work and family. The article also studies how working conditions and access to economic and social capital influence the coping strategies used. The findings indicate a variety of coping strategies. These were clearly influenced by position in the labour market and access to social and economic capital. While for instance working-class mothers tried to changed jobs to cope with temporary employments, middle-class mothers used flexitime to cope with work–family conflict. Access to social capital was crucial for all mothers.

  • 17.
    Alsarve, Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Boye, Katarina
    Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Roman, Christine
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The crossroads of equality and biology: The child’s best interests and constructions of motherhood and fatherhood in Sweden2016Inngår i: Couples' Transition to Parenthood: Analysing Gender and Work in Europe / [ed] D. Grunow, M. Evertsson, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, 1, s. 79-100Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender equality has been an important policy goal for more than four decades in Sweden and is commonly seen as an integral part of the Swedish welfare state. However, the gender division of work is still reproduced both in and out of paid work. In this chapter, we analyse interviews with 40 Swedish women and men (20 couples) to explore how norms regarding what is in the child’s best interest enter into decisions concerning parental care, childcare and paid work, and links to social construction of motherhood and fatherhood. A key notion in the interviews was shared parenting. It was seen as highly important that the child gets close, strong ties to both its mother and father. A second, and related, notion was that it is in the interest of the child to have an engaged and caring father, implying a new kind of fatherhood. The ideas on shared parenting and the engaged father were sometimes linked to ideas on gender equality, but sometimes they went hand in hand with more traditional notions of motherhood and fatherhood. Motherhood was, on the one hand, constructed as distinct from fatherhood and closely related to female biology. On the other hand, motherhood was constructed to fit with women’s identities as independent and work-oriented. The interviews seem to reflect a recent political and cultural development where major changes have occurred regarding fatherhood norms but where less has happened regarding motherhood norms. Gender equality was, however, one central factor that the couples took into account in their plans for the future. About half of the interviewed couples planned to share parental leave equally or wanted to share equally but were open to being flexible, for instance in regard to possible changes in their employment or financial situation. Licensed childcare was the obvious childcare arrangement after the parental leave period was over and was perceived as beneficial to the child’s development. Unlike parents in many other countries, parents in Sweden can rely on a system of social policies that are developed and adjusted to facilitate the lives of dual-earner/dual-carer families.

  • 18.
    Alsarve, Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lundqvist, Åsa
    Department of Sociology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Roman, Christine
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Dilemman, resurser, strategier2016Inngår i: Ensamma mammor: Dilemman, resurser, strategier / [ed] J. Alsarve, Å. Lundqvist, C. Roman, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, 1, s. 147-161Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Alsarve, Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lundqvist, Åsa
    Department of Sociology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Roman, Christine
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ensamma mammor: Dilemman, resurser, strategier2017 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Alsarve, Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lundqvist, Åsa
    Department of Sociology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Roman, Christine
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Inledning2016Inngår i: Ensamma mammor: Dilemman, resurser, strategier / [ed] J. Alsarve, Å. Lundqvist, C. Roman, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, 1, s. 9-16Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 21.
    Alsarve, Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Roman, Christine
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Metod och metodologiska överväganden2016Inngår i: Ensamma mammor: Dilemman, resurser, strategier / [ed] J. Alsarve, Å. Lundqvist, C. Roman, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, 1, s. 179-185Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 22.
    Roman, Christine
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Alsarve [Ahlberg], Jenny
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lone mothers and long hours: work-family conflict in the everyday lives of lone mothers in Sweden2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The gendered nature of the struggle to integrate caring, family and paid work has been repeatedly demonstrated. Most research, however, has focused on dual parent families. This paper discusses work-family conflict in the everyday lives of lone mothers in Sweden. We use an agency-centered framework inspired by the capabilities approach, which emphasizes that the options of an individual depend greatly on institutions and relations with others. Drawing on 38 in-depth interviews with lone mothers from different social backgrounds we explore i) how the proper relationship between motherhood and paid work is conceived of, ii) the institutional and relational factors that influence lone mothers’ opportunities to attain work-life balance, and iii) the strategies employed in negotiating paid work and family. Results show that paid work is integral to good motherhood to all mothers regardless of social class. They also show that lone mothers typically experience high levels of work-family conflict. Opportunities to reconcile paid work and family depend on employment conditions, accessibility to social support networks, the role of the absent father, household composition, and access to public childcare on unregularly hours. In the case of middle class mothers, blurred boundaries between work and family life and late meetings restrict opportunities to attain work-family balance. For working class mothers temporal employment, unregular working hours and low earnings are significant constraining factors. Reducing working hours, negotiating working schedules, and asking relatives and friends for help are examples of strategies used to reduce work-life conflicts. Reducing travelling time between the job and the home by moving from one place to another, and moving closer to relatives to increase the chances to get practical support are other examples. While middle-class women typically used flexi-time at work to alleviate conflicts between different responsibilities, several low-income mothers changed jobs in order to improve their situation.

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