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  • 1.
    Hellberg, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Örebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.
    Karlsson, MartinÖrebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.Larsson, HannuÖrebro University, Swedish Business School at Örebro University.Lundberg, ErikÖrebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.Persson, MonikaÖrebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling: tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling - Tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet samlar texter från doktorander och forskare knutna till Forskarskolan Offentlig verksamhet i utveckling (FOVU) vid Örebro Universitet. Antologin erbjuder en mångdisciplinär och omfångsrik behandling av en rad viktiga utmaningar för dagens offentlig verksamhet. I boken behandlas ämnen som korruption, jämställdhet, trygghet, medborgardialog, sjukskrivning och högerextremism. Målsättningen med boken är att skapa en bro mellan inomvetenskapliga debatter, offentlig praktik och politik. Här erbjuds kortare texter som på ett överskådligt sätt angriper praktikrelevanta ämnen utan att göra avkall på den vetenskapliga kvaliteten. Vissa texter erbjuder forskningsöversikter och reder ut oklarheter i teoretiska debatter, medan andra presenterar resultat av empirisk forskning.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 2.
    Hysing, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Department of Economy and Society, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Making governance networks more democratic: lessons from the Swedish governmental commissions2016In: Critical Policy Studies, ISSN 1946-0171, E-ISSN 1946-018X, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 21-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Governance networks (GNs) are theorized as institutions for state–civil society interaction with important merits as well as shortcomings for effective and democratic governance. Here we compare GNs with a far less researched type of state–civil society interaction, the Swedish governmental commission (GC), critically discussing them in terms of organizational and functional features, the role of the state and democratic anchorage. Drawing on lessons from the institutional design of GCs, we contest the notion that well-functioning GNs require a low level of formal institutionalization and discuss how democratic problems with GNs could be addressed through a formal institutional framework that provides pre-established and generally applied ground rules, ensures elected politicians the final say on policy, and values broad participation and consultation. Recognizing that GNs are not a self-evident form for state–civil society interactions, traditional institutional designs should be more fully considered in the discussion and theorization of the democratic anchorage of GNs.

  • 3.
    Karlsson, Martin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    En lägesrapport: Från medlemspartier till vad?2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Trots positiva tendenser i medlemsutvecklingen inomvissa partier finns det knappast något hopp för att depolitiska partierna återigen skall bli de stora folkrörelsersom de var fram till 1980-talet, skriver Martin Karlssonoch Erik Lundberg som är doktorander i statskunskap.

  • 4.
    Karlsson, Martin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    I betraktarens ögon: betydelsen av kön och ålder för studenters läraromdömen2012In: Högre Utbildning, ISSN 2000-7558, E-ISSN 2000-7558, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 19-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under senare år har studenters läraromdömen allt mer hamnat i fokus inom skola såväl som högre utbildning. Parallellt med dessa utvecklingar har olika typer av internettjänster genom vilka studenter kan betygsätta sina lärare dykt upp i flera länder. I Sverige lanserades 2008 tjänsten ”Studenter tycker till” (STT) där studenter kan registrera sig och fylla i bedömningar av lärare enligt kriterierna utlärningsförmåga, kunskap, engagemang och lärandestöd. I denna studie undersöks betydelsen av lärarens kön och ålder för studenters läraromdömen genom en kvantitativ analys av omdömen av 98 högskole- och universitetslärare som givits på hemsidan STT. Syftet är att synliggöra hur sociala markörer, i detta fall om läraren är man eller kvinna, ung eller gammal, spelar en stor roll för hur en lärare utvärderas. Resultaten visar att kvinnor och unga lärare systematiskt ges lägre betyg av studenter, än män och äldre lärare. Studenter är således inte könsblinda eller oberoende av föreställningar om förhållandet mellan ålder och kompetens i sina bedömningar. Studien aktualiserar betydelsen av sociala markörer så som kön och ålder måste synliggöras och tas i beaktning när studenters utvärderingar av lärare och kurser behandlas inom högre utbildning.

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    fulltext
  • 5.
    Karlsson, Martin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Mot medlemslösa partier: partiföreträdare om orsaker, konsekvenser och strategier kring en svikande medlemskår2011Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 6.
    Karlsson, Martin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Motstrategier eller undanmanövrar?: Svenska partiorganisationer i skuggan av en negativ medlemsutveckling2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Karlsson, Martin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Motstrategier eller undanmanövrar?: Svenska partiorganisationer i skuggan av en negativ medlemsutveckling2013In: Offentlig Förvaltning. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2000-8058, E-ISSN 2001-3310, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 49-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Från år 1979 fram till idag har de politiska partierna sammanlagt förlorat mer än 80 procent av sina medlemmar. Den här uppsatsen undersöker de svenska partiorganisationernas strategier och agerande i skuggan av de senaste decenniernas sjunkande medlemstal. Detta görs genom att undersöka: 1) Hur ledande partiföreträdare förhåller sig till partiernas medlemsutveckling; 2) På vilket sätt och i vilken utsträckning ledande partiföreträdare anser att partierna har anpassats för att hantera rekryteringsfunktionen respektive aggregeringsfunktionen i en situation med minskande medlemsorganisationer samt 3) Om det finns det några skillnader när det gäller hur ledande partiföreträdare förhåller sig till medlemsminskningen och hur dessa i sådana fall kan förstås. Uppsatsen visar att medlemsrekrytering inte tycks vara någon särskilt prioriterad fråga för något av partierna. Partiföreträdarena menar att medlemsutvecklingen inte har föranlett några stora och mer genomgripande förändringar av partiernas organisation i syfte att stärka eller utveckla partiernas aggregeringskanaler. Analysen visar vidare att det finns en insikt bland alla partiföreträdare om svårigheten när det gäller hur partierna ska klara försörjningen av framtidens förtroendevalda men att några mer genomgripande förändringar i partiorganisationerna inte går att se. Slutligen påvisar uppsatsen också att partiföreträdare från de folkrörelsebaserade partierna är mer medlemsorienterade och ger uttryck för att partierna i första hand söker lösningar som finns inbyggt i dess struktur, tradition och identitet som folkrörelse. Partiföreträdare från de icke-folkrörelsebaserade partierna ger uttryck för att dessa partier är mindre bundna till idealet om många medlemmar och också mer benägen att utveckla fler och alternativa aggregeringskanaler och rekryteringskanaler än de folkrörelsebaserade partierna.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Karlsson, Martin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Partimedlemmar2015In: Partier och partisystem / [ed] Magnus Hagevi, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1, p. 91-104Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Karlsson, Martin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Partimedlemmar2019In: Partier och partisystem / [ed] Magnus Hagevi, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 2, p. 181-198Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    A pluralist state?: civil society organizations’ access to the Swedish policy process 1964-20092014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Including civil society organizations in the policy process is a distinctive trait of democratic governance. But, while being highly valuable from a democratic point of view, not all civil society organizations are represented in the policy process. This dissertation draws attention to the role of the government in shaping the representation of civil society organizations in the Swedish government consultation referred to as the ‘remiss procedure’. The overall aim is to increase empirical and theoretical understanding of civil society organizations’ access to the national Swedish policy process. Drawing on various empirical data sources, it analyzes how access has changed during the second half of the 20th century, the factors influencing access, and the significance of the access provided by the government.

    The results are based on four empirical studies, and show that the government has encouraged an increasing number and more diverse types of civil society organizations to be represented in the remiss procedure. In addition, organizations with plenty of resources, such as labor and business organizations, are not overrepresented. However, access is slightly skewed in favor of civil society organizations with an insider position within other access points at national government level, which is consistent with a privileged pluralistic pattern of interest representation. In addition, civil society organizations seem to be invited into an arena for political influence of less relevance. Theoretically, the dissertation moves beyond the neo-corporatist perspective that dominated Swedish research during the second half of the 20th century by drawing attention to five different theoretical lenses: pluralism, neo-corporatism, political opportunity structures, policy network theory, and resource exchange theory. It concludes that a variety of theories are needed for access to be understood.

    List of papers
    1. Changing balance: the participation and role of voluntary organisations in the Swedish policy process
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Changing balance: the participation and role of voluntary organisations in the Swedish policy process
    2012 (English)In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 347-371Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the changing level of participation of voluntary organisations in the policy process between 1964 and 2009 and its implication for the role played by voluntary organisations to the state. Drawing on data from the remiss procedure – one of the most understudied parts of the Swedish policy-making process – the results implicate a reduced role for voluntary organisations in formal arenas for policy making. While the number of participating voluntary organisations has remained stable, the relative share of participating organisations has declined and an increasing proportion of organisations have abstained from participating. In addition, the shares of conflict-oriented and member-benefit-oriented organisations have decreased while consensus-oriented and public-benefit-oriented organisations appear to have increased slightly. These findings are discussed in the context of changes in the coordination and implementation of public policies, implying that over time the role of voluntary organisations as arenas for deliberation and mediators of individual interests tend to have gradually lost ground in relation to the state while the share of organisations taking direct welfare responsibility has slightly increased. Although it may be premature to speak about a shifting role of voluntary organisations from input to output in the political system, the result suggest an emerging trend in that direction. Further research is needed to clarify whether this changing pattern of participation is evident in other arenas for policy making in Sweden or is an isolated feature explained from the outset of the remiss procedure.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Wiley-Blackwell, 2012
    National Category
    Political Science
    Research subject
    Political Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24476 (URN)10.1111/j.1467-9477.2012.00292.x (DOI)000309593500004 ()2-s2.0-84867397514 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2012-08-16 Created: 2012-08-16 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
    2. Does the government selection process promote or hinder pluralism?: exploring the characteristics of voluntary organizations invited to public consultations
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does the government selection process promote or hinder pluralism?: exploring the characteristics of voluntary organizations invited to public consultations
    2013 (English)In: Journal of Civil Society, ISSN 1744-8689, E-ISSN 1744-8697, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 58-77Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    To what extent does the government selection process practised in public consultations promote or hinder pluralism in the policy-making process? This article addresses this question by exploring and analysing the characteristics of voluntary organizations invited to public consultations. Evidence is drawn from the formerly corporatist Scandinavian country of Sweden and the policy-making process referred to as the ‘remiss procedure’. The article shows that the government selection process encourages a multitude of organizations to participate. Consistent with recent studies on Scandinavian corporatism, this study provides weak support of corporatist practices in the Swedish policy process. However, and without challenging the seemingly pluralistic nature of the remiss procedure, voluntary organizations with ‘insider status’ in the policy process are more frequently invited to formal decision-making arenas such as the remiss procedure. It is argued that the policy network literature and the theory of political opportunity structures may further the understanding of the government selection process practised in public consultations.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Taylor & Francis: Taylor & Francis Group, 2013
    National Category
    Humanities
    Research subject
    Political Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32553 (URN)10.1080/17448689.2013.771086 (DOI)
    Available from: 2013-11-28 Created: 2013-11-28 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
    3. En försumbar arena?: Organisationerna och remissväsendet 1964-2009
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>En försumbar arena?: Organisationerna och remissväsendet 1964-2009
    2012 (Swedish)In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 114, no 1, p. 29-55Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates how the participation of voluntary organisations in the remiss-procedure has changed between 1964 and 2009 and how to interpret this. Drawing on evidence from 33 remiss-directories in nine different policy fields, the results conclude that the proportional level of voluntary organisations has declined and more organisations have chosen to abstain from participating in the remissprocedure. In addition, the number of conflict-oriented organisations has declined while the number of consensus-oriented organisations active in the output side of the political system has increased. It is argued that the result can be understood in relation to the changing mode of governance, new challenges presented by the welfare state and the rise of transnational organisations that seek influence in less formal arenas for policy making.

    Keywords
    Civilsamhället, intresseorganisationer, remissväsendet, deltagande, policy, välfärdsstaten
    National Category
    Political Science
    Research subject
    Political Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-23404 (URN)
    Available from: 2012-06-12 Created: 2012-06-12 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
    4. Is Bureaucratic Policy-Making Eroding Institutions?: A Bottom-up Perspective on the Swedish Governmental Commissions
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is Bureaucratic Policy-Making Eroding Institutions?: A Bottom-up Perspective on the Swedish Governmental Commissions
    (English)In: International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, E-ISSN 1532-4265Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the recurrent “erosion thesis” in the governance literature  arguing  that  bureaucratic  or  procedural government institutions have come to play a less significant role in the formation of  public  policy.  This  article  supports  these  claims  by  drawing evidence  from  the  Swedish  and  neo-corporatist  policy-making institutions  referred  to  as  the ‘governmental  commissions’  and  the perspective  of  interest  organizations.  Using  various  theories  on institutional change I show that increasing government steering has reduced  the  role  of  the  governmental  commissions  in  influencing policy, but has not eliminated interest organizations’ belief that they are  legitimate  institutions.  The  resulting  article concludes  that although the governmental commissions have eroded, the capability of the state to steer or govern society has not necessarily declined.

    National Category
    Political Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-38225 (URN)
    Available from: 2014-10-29 Created: 2014-10-29 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
    Download full text (pdf)
    Introductory chapter
    Download (pdf)
    Cover
    Download (pdf)
    Spikblad
  • 11.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Changing balance: the participation and role of voluntary organisations in the Swedish policy process2012In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 347-371Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the changing level of participation of voluntary organisations in the policy process between 1964 and 2009 and its implication for the role played by voluntary organisations to the state. Drawing on data from the remiss procedure – one of the most understudied parts of the Swedish policy-making process – the results implicate a reduced role for voluntary organisations in formal arenas for policy making. While the number of participating voluntary organisations has remained stable, the relative share of participating organisations has declined and an increasing proportion of organisations have abstained from participating. In addition, the shares of conflict-oriented and member-benefit-oriented organisations have decreased while consensus-oriented and public-benefit-oriented organisations appear to have increased slightly. These findings are discussed in the context of changes in the coordination and implementation of public policies, implying that over time the role of voluntary organisations as arenas for deliberation and mediators of individual interests tend to have gradually lost ground in relation to the state while the share of organisations taking direct welfare responsibility has slightly increased. Although it may be premature to speak about a shifting role of voluntary organisations from input to output in the political system, the result suggest an emerging trend in that direction. Further research is needed to clarify whether this changing pattern of participation is evident in other arenas for policy making in Sweden or is an isolated feature explained from the outset of the remiss procedure.

  • 12.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Does the government selection process promote or hinder pluralism?: exploring the characteristics of voluntary organizations invited to public consultations2013In: Journal of Civil Society, ISSN 1744-8689, E-ISSN 1744-8697, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 58-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To what extent does the government selection process practised in public consultations promote or hinder pluralism in the policy-making process? This article addresses this question by exploring and analysing the characteristics of voluntary organizations invited to public consultations. Evidence is drawn from the formerly corporatist Scandinavian country of Sweden and the policy-making process referred to as the ‘remiss procedure’. The article shows that the government selection process encourages a multitude of organizations to participate. Consistent with recent studies on Scandinavian corporatism, this study provides weak support of corporatist practices in the Swedish policy process. However, and without challenging the seemingly pluralistic nature of the remiss procedure, voluntary organizations with ‘insider status’ in the policy process are more frequently invited to formal decision-making arenas such as the remiss procedure. It is argued that the policy network literature and the theory of political opportunity structures may further the understanding of the government selection process practised in public consultations.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    En försumbar arena?: Organisationerna och remissväsendet 1964-20092012In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 114, no 1, p. 29-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates how the participation of voluntary organisations in the remiss-procedure has changed between 1964 and 2009 and how to interpret this. Drawing on evidence from 33 remiss-directories in nine different policy fields, the results conclude that the proportional level of voluntary organisations has declined and more organisations have chosen to abstain from participating in the remissprocedure. In addition, the number of conflict-oriented organisations has declined while the number of consensus-oriented organisations active in the output side of the political system has increased. It is argued that the result can be understood in relation to the changing mode of governance, new challenges presented by the welfare state and the rise of transnational organisations that seek influence in less formal arenas for policy making.

  • 14.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Forskning om relationen mellan det civila och offentliga samhället2011In: Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling: tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet / [ed] Ann-Sofie Hellberg, Martin Karlsson, Hannu Larsson, Erik Lundberg, Monika Persson, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2011, p. 71-80Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här kapitlet presenterar en forskningsbakgrund över hur svensksamhällsvetenskaplig forskning har studerat det svenska organisationslivetfrån mitten av 1900-talet till idag. Tillbakablicken illustrerar att begreppetcivilsamhället kan kasta nytt ljus över relationen mellan det civila ochoffentliga samhället och problematisera den samverkan som vi idag ser tarform inom offentlig förvaltning.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Forskning om relationen mellan det civila och offentliga samhället
  • 15.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Injured But Not Yet Dead: A Bottom-Up Perspective on the Swedish Governmental Commissions2015In: International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, E-ISSN 1532-4265, Vol. 38, no 5, p. 346-354Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the recurrent “erosion thesis” in the governance literature, arguing that bureaucratic or procedural public-sector institutions have come to play a less significant role in public-policy formation. Evidence from the Swedish policy-making institutions referred to as “governmental commissions” and adoption of the perspective of interest organizations support the claim. Using various theories of institutional change, I show that increased government control has reduced the influence of governmental commissions on policy, but not eliminated the belief held by interest organizations that the commissions are legitimate institutions.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 16.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Inviting the strong?: Exploring factors that determine access for civil society organisations to the policy process: the Swedish case2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Is Bureaucratic Policy-Making Eroding Institutions?: A Bottom-up Perspective on the Swedish Governmental CommissionsIn: International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, E-ISSN 1532-4265Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the recurrent “erosion thesis” in the governance literature  arguing  that  bureaucratic  or  procedural government institutions have come to play a less significant role in the formation of  public  policy.  This  article  supports  these  claims  by  drawing evidence  from  the  Swedish  and  neo-corporatist  policy-making institutions  referred  to  as  the ‘governmental  commissions’  and  the perspective  of  interest  organizations.  Using  various  theories  on institutional change I show that increasing government steering has reduced  the  role  of  the  governmental  commissions  in  influencing policy, but has not eliminated interest organizations’ belief that they are  legitimate  institutions.  The  resulting  article concludes  that although the governmental commissions have eroded, the capability of the state to steer or govern society has not necessarily declined.

  • 18.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    New defenders of the welfare state?: The restructuring of the Swedish welfare state and the role of civil society organisations in the policy process2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on the changing level of participation of civil society organisations in the policy process between 1964 and 2009 and its implication for the role civil society organisation in the Swedish welfare state. Drawing on data from the remiss-procedure, one of the most understudied aspects of the Swedish policy making process, the article demonstrates that the role of civil society organisations has been reduced. In addition, the article draws attention to an ongoing shift from conflict and member benefit oriented organisations to consensus and public benefit oriented organisations. The findings implies that civil society organisations functioning as arenas for deliberation and mediators of individual interests have gradually been losing ground in relation to the state, while organisations taking direct welfare responsibility have increased. These findings are put in the context of the changes in the coordination and implementation of the welfare state; and indicate that the welfare state is now less dependent on the interest groups and old social movements that expanded the welfare state, and more dependent on service organisations that can contribute towards upholding it.

  • 19.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Rules, norms and resources: implications for the Europeanization of civil society organizations2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    ”Tänk om alla andra invandrare var lika duktiga som du”: Sju invandrare om drivkrafter, möjligheter och hinder i ett partipolitiskt engagemang2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to explain why immigrants engage in party politics and examine the possibilities and difficulties emigrants with a position of trust meet in party politics. To fulfil the purpose, four questions have been raised and addressed. 1) Which motives and incentives can explain immigrants’ engagement in party politics? 2) Do immigrants meet some kind of barriers in party politics, and if so, which are they? 3) Do immigrants need any specific qualities to influence politics? 4) What can be learnt from immigrants’ engagement in party politics to secure a multi-cultural party politics? As the questions imply, this paper is delimited at an individual level and adopt a qualitative approach. Furthermore, I implement a qualitative approach, where the theoretical framework and empirical literature are combined with interviews. The findings of this study are that immigrants are driven to engage in party politics preferably by idealistic motives; specifically they want to influence politics and society in aspects of integration. Additional vital motives are the social interaction between the members, followed by information, personal satisfaction, and knowledge and career opportunities. In most cases, immigrants meet barriers such as communications impediments, mainly based on cultural differences. Furthermore, immigrants have to adopt a special political jargon and certain norms and principles. Together they seem to constitute guiding principles on how to act in party politics. These barriers are also mechanisms that immigrants need to adapt to in order to influence politics. Furthermore, immigrants have to contend with discrimination and stereotypes. Finally, we can assume that direct democracy and deliberative democracy can contribute to a better integration of immigrants in party politics.

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  • 21.
    Lundberg, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ut ur manegen: civilsamhället och kommittéväsendet 1964-20092011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Brundin, Pia
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Bozzini, Emanuela
    Department of Sociology and Social Research, University of Trento, Trento, Italy.
    European civil societies and the promotion of integration, Leading practices from Sweden, Great Britain, the Netherlands and Italy2011In: Social Rights, Active Citizenship and Governance in the European Union / [ed] Boje, P. Thomas, Potucek Martin, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG , 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter describes how European civil societies promote integration in the EU by comparing leading practices from various NGOs in Sweden, Great Britain, the Netherlands and Italy. The chapter concludes that NGOs are active in areas where governments are weak, or, according to the NGOs, do not meet the expected requirements. All NGOs studied here are more or less dependent on public funds, and a lack of funds impedes their ability to access and connect with EU decision-makers and administrative staff. Small NGOs and similar networks in particular have difficulties meeting and influencing politicians and the administrative staff within the EU. It is therefore of utmost importance that policy-makers in the EU create more participatory opportunities for various NGOs, which would simultaneously strengthen the organisation’s legitimacy and relevance. It is worth nothing that the NGOs studied here articulate surprisingly few national variations with regard to the preconditions underlying their work. European policy-making institutions may therefore consider the diversity of European civil societies.

  • 23.
    Lundberg, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Högskolan i Dalarna, Falun, Sweden.
    National Linkages and Ambiguous EU Approaches among European Civil Society Organisations2014In: Journal of Contemporary European Research, ISSN 1815-347X, E-ISSN 1815-347X, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 323-336Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade, the EU has had an explicit strategy to include civil society organizations (CSOs) in European public policy. However, the extent to which domestic CSOs are oriented towards the EU in their policy interests and strategies is influenced by various factors. This article examines to what extent and in what ways CSOs acknowledge the impact of the EU on their substantive policy agenda and under what conditions they would prioritise EU-level contacts and/or lobbying in their strategies. We are particularly interested in finding out which institutional linkages – if any – determine the extent to which domestic CSOs direct their policy activity towards the EU level. The article is based on a survey of 880 Swedish CSO’s as well as qualitative interviews with 17 CSOs within the policy areas of anti-discrimination, immigration and asylum in Sweden, United Kingdom and the Netherlands. The results show that although CSOs recognise the importance of the EU-level and also try to influence EU policy, their priorities and orientation are primarily directed towards the domestic level. From our empirical findings, we argue that in order to understand the limited Europeanization of CSOs, national dependency on financial support and to some extent formal embedding in national welfare systems are key factors. The findings indicate some differences between the organizations’ approaches, which to some extent can be attributed to policy area and organizational character. Policy areas with strong EU legislation implemented at national levels such as anti-discrimination seemingly underpins stronger linkages to local and national governments and thus less EU orientation.

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