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  • 1.
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Zetterberg, Pär
    Department of Government, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Centre for Baltic and East European Studies (CBEES), Södertörn University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Procedural fairness and political trust among young people: evidence from a panel study on Swedish high school students2015In: Acta Politica, ISSN 0001-6810, E-ISSN 1741-1416, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 253-278Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of ‘fair’ institutions in developing democratic legitimacy has received increased attention. Citizens who perceive – on basis of past experiences – that they are being treated fairly by authorities have been held to have greater trust in political institutions. However, previous studies on the relationship between procedural fairness and political trust have not paid sufficient attention to individuals with limited first-hand experiences of authorities. We examine the relationship on an authority that virtually all individuals meet early in life: the school. Using structural equation modeling on unique panel data covering 1,500 Swedish adolescents (ages ranging from 13 to 17), we find a reciprocal relationship: personal encounters with school authorities shape young people’s political trust; however, the images that adolescents get of the political system (through family, peers, media, etc.) have also consequences on their perceptions about the authorities they encounter in their daily lives. The analysis increases our understanding of how individuals form their political allegiances by showing that the relationship between fairness and trust is more dynamic than has previously been suggested: neither an accumulated set of experiences of authorities nor formal ties with political institutions (as voters, etc.) are required for a relationship to emerge. 

  • 2.
    Amnå, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Arensmeier, Cecilia
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Englund, Tomas
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ljunggren, Carsten
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Skolornas institutionella karaktär och elevernas medborgarkompetens: en jämförelse av olika kommunala och fristående skolor över tid och rum2010In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 112, no 1, p. 23-32Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Institutional Settings and Civic Education: A Comparative Study of Different Types of Publicand Private Schools.

    Since the 1990s, the Swedish school systemhas become increasingly more diversified. Decentralization, the introduction ofprivate schools, the challenge of globalization and increased ethnic diversity amongpupils have contributed to an increasingheterogeneity.

    This project analyses the prospects for civiceducation in different institutional settings and contexts, in both public and private schools. Using unique survey data1999 and 2009 we ask which effects differentinstitutional settings have on ”citizen competences”, i.e. civic engagement, political efficacy, knowledge about democracy and political issues, and democratic values and tolerance.

    The project breaks down into three distinct but interrelated parts. The first deals with changes over time in young Swedes' civic competences. The second subproject focuses on the way and consequences when controversial issues are taught in different schools and institutional settings. The third sub-project adds acomparative perspective by analyzing similarities and differences among young people and schools in Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland and England.

  • 3.
    Amnå, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Ctr Balt & East European Studies, Södertörn Univ, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Standby citizens: diverse faces of political passivity2014In: European Political Science Review, ISSN 1755-7739, E-ISSN 1755-7747, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 261-281Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current debate on political participation is bound to a discussion about whether citizens are active or passive. This dichotomous notion is nurtured by an extensive normative debate concerning whether passivity is an asset or a threat to democracy; and it is especially manifest in studies of young people's political orientations. Drawing on this discussion, the present study goes beyond the dichotomy by keeping political interest conceptually separate from participation in order to improve our understanding of political passivity. Multivariate cluster analysis of empirical data on Swedish youth suggests that we need to consider three distinctive forms of 'political passivity'. In the paper we present empirical evidence not only of the existence of a particular 'standby citizen', but also of two kinds of genuinely passive young people: unengaged and disillusioned citizens. Alongside active citizens, these people are in distinctly different categories with regard to their political behavior. This entails a new analytical framework that may be used to analyze an empirical phenomenon that has received surprisingly little attention in the literature on political participation and civic engagement.

  • 4.
    Amnå, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Södertörns högskola, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Standby citizens: understanding non-participation in contemporary democracies2015In: Political and civic engagement: multidisciplinary perspectives / [ed] Barrett, M. & Zani, B., London: Routledge, 2015, p. 96-108Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Amnå, Erik
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Englund, TomasÖrebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.Arensmeier, CeciliaEkman, JoakimÖrebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.Ljunggren, CarstenÖrebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.Unemar Öst, IngridÖrebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.Zetterberg, PärStatsvetenskapliga institutionen, Uppsala universitet, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Skolor som politiska arenor: medborgarkompetens och kontrovershantering : internationella studier2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Villkoren för skolans demokratiuppdrag har förändrats. Det offentliga huvudmannaskapet har utsatts konkurrens från privata initiativ och en ökad kulturell mångfald har konfronterat skolan med nya utmaningar.

    Vad betyder detta för skolans möjligheter att bidra med demokratisk utveckling hos skoleleverna?

    I den här forskarantologin presenteras en fördjupad analys av svenska elev-, lärar- och skoldata från den internationella utvärderingen ICCS 2009. Rapporten innehåller beskrivande analyser av förutsättningarna för skolor och lärare att hantera kontroverser och av vad eleverna har för medborgarkompetens.

    Avslutningsvis görs även preliminära försök att förklara de mönster som präglar svenska elever, lärare och skolor när det gäller medborgarkompetens.

  • 6. Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Deegan-Krause, Kevin
    Wayne State University, Detroit MI, USA.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Södertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Concluding remarks2013In: The handbook of political change in Eastern Europe / [ed] Sten Berglund, Joakim Ekman, Kevin Deegan-Krause, Terje Knutsen, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing , 2013, 3, p. 823-830Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Duvold, Kjetil
    Södertörns högskola.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    The Baltic states and the European challenge: independence versus security2007In: Political culture: values and identities in the Baltic Sea region / [ed] Mai-Brith Schartau, Sten Berglund, Bernd Henningsen, Berlin: Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag , 2007, p. 159-181Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Duvold, Kjetil
    Södertörns högskola.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Schymik, Carsten
    Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (SWP), Berlin.
    Where does Europe end?: Borders, limits and directions of the EU2009 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Cleavages and political transformations2010In: Handbook of European societies: social transformations in the 21st century / [ed] Stefan Immerfall, GöranTherborn, Berlin: Springer , 2010, p. 91-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    The current state of political science in Sweden2007In: The state of political science in Western Europe / [ed] Hans-Dieter Klingemann, Opladen: Barbara Budrich , 2007, p. 342-360Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Södertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The diversity of political regimes2013In: The handbook of political change in Eastern Europe / [ed] Sten Berglund, Joakim Ekman, Kevin Deegan-Krause, Terje Knutsen, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing , 2013, 3, p. 1-13Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Aarebrot, Frank
    Instutet för komparativ politik, Universitet i Bergen.
    The challenge of history in Central and Eastern Europe2004In: The handbook of political change in Eastern Europe / [ed] Sten Berglund, Joakim Ekman, Frank H. Aarebrot, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2004, 2, p. 13-56Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Aarebrot, Frank H.
    Universitetet i Bergen.
    The diversity of post-communist Europe2004In: The handbook of political change in Eastern Europe / [ed] Sten Berglund, Joakim Ekman, Frank H. Aarebrot, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2004, 2, p. 1-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Ekman, JoakimSödertörns högskola.Aarebrot, Frank H.Universitet i Bergen.
    The handbook of political change in Eastern Europe2004Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Vogt, Henri
    University of Helsinki.
    Aarebrot, Frank H.
    University of Bergen.
    The making of the European Union: foundations, institutions and future trends2006 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Berglund, Sten
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Linde, Jonas
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    An assessment of support for democracy in the new EU member states2004In: Central Europe beyond double enlargement / [ed] Algimantas Jankauskas, Ramunas Vilpisauskas, Inga Vinogradnaite, Vilnius: Institute of International Relations and Political Science , 2004Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    EU som en global aktör?: Medborgarna och frågan om en gemensam europeisk utrikes- och säkerhetspolitik2006In: Om demokratins villkor: volym 1 / [ed] Mats Ekström et al., Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2006, 1, p. 63-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    European Union and the making of a wider Northern Europe [av Pami Aalto]2007In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 96-98Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    National identity in divided and unified Germany: continuity and change2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation deals with the construction, maintenance and change of national identities in divided and unified Germany. Following World War II, Germany was divided in two parts. For a period of more than 40 years, two German states developed in separation from each other, and because of the horrors of the recent past, both states badly needed to develop new national self-images. Using a four-fold model of ‘national identity’, this study starts out by outlining these different processes of identity formation and nation-building. In the German Democratic Republic (GDR), the communist regime desperately tried to foster a distinct socialist GDR identity among the East Germans. In the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), the successful economic and political development led to the emergence of a new, post-war national identity.

    The Berlin Wall was opened on November 9, 1989, and Germany was formally reunified not even a year later, on October 3, 1990. The past decade has shown, however, that Germany has had difficulties in becoming ‘informally’ unified. Drawing on large scale public opinion surveys, this dissertation examines if differences between East Germans and West Germans today are primarily ascribable to the different historical experiences, or rather an outcome of the uneasy unification process.

    The findings of this study indicate that the East German nation-building project essentially was a failure, since it did not create support for the GDR as a political system. At the same time, the unique experience of living in the GDR shaped a certain ‘East German identity’ and political culture, different from the kind of German identity and political culture that emerged in the FRG. But the findings of this study also suggest that an East German identity in unified Germany should not be reduced to a lingering ‘legacy of the past’. It is, at the same time, an outcome of the unification process itself. A new East German self-awareness has developed as a result of the hardships and challenges posed by the uneasy transformation from a state socialist political system to a liberal democratic system. Consequently, when it comes to the German national identity issue, ‘inner unification’ remains to be seen.

  • 20.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    The times they are a-changing: the internationalisation of Swedish political science2007In: European political science, ISSN 1680-4333, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 268-275Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the current state of political science in Sweden, by looking at the contents of recent years' doctoral dissertations. To what extent do young Swedish political scientists seek to make their research available to an international audience? The findings indicate that Swedish political scientists are becoming increasingly more oriented towards the international research community. The use of the English language in doctoral dissertations has increased. Also, Swedish political scientists have taken increasingly more interest in international affairs, instead of writing exclusively about Swedish politics.

  • 21.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Turkskräck eller bristen på demokrati?: EU-medborgarna och Turkiet2007Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan 1999 är Turkiet ett officiellt EU-kandidatland. Men hur ser de vanliga européerna på frågan om ett framtida Turkiskt medlemskap i unionen? Uppfattas Turkiet som en självklar del av Europa? I denna artikel undersöks det motstånd eller den misstänksamhet som finns bland EU-medborgarna mot ett turkiskt medlemskap: betraktas Turkiet som ett alltför fattigt land, eller är det snarare bristen på demokrati och respekt för de mänskliga rättigheterna som är problemet?

  • 22.
    Ekman, Joakim
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Political participation and civic engagement: towards a new typology2012In: Human Affairs, ISSN 1210-3055, E-ISSN 1337-401X, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 283-300Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reviewing the literature on political participation and civic engagement, the articleoffers a critical examination of different conceptual frameworks. Drawing on previousdefinitions and operationalisations, a new typology for political participation and civicengagement is developed, highlighting the multidimensionality of both concepts. Inparticular, it makes a clear distinction between manifest 'political participation'(including formal political behaviour as well as protest or extra-parliamentary politicalaction) and less direct or 'latent' forms of participation, conceptualized here as 'civicengagement' and 'social involvement'. The article argues that the notion of 'latent'forms of participation is crucial to understand new forms of political behaviour and theprospects for political participation in different countries. Due to these innovations itcontributes to a much-needed theoretical development within the literature on politicalparticipation and citizen engagement.

  • 23.
    Ekman, Joakim
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Amnå, Erik
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Politisk deltagande och andra former av samhällsengagemang: en typologi2010In: Politik, protest, populism: deltagande på nya villkor / [ed] Joakim Ekman, Jonas Linde, Stockholm: Liber , 2010, p. 34-60Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Ekman, Joakim
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Linde, Jonas
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Hybridregimer: förändrade förutsättningar för demokrati och demokratibistånd2007In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 109, no 2, p. 133-137Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Linde, Jonas
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Demokratiseringsprocesser: teoretiska ansatser och empiriska studier2006Book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Linde, Jonas
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Berglund, Sten
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Demokratiopinioner i Europa: ett medborgar- och transformationsperspektiv på demokratins utveckling i EU2006In: Om demokratins villkor: volym 1 / [ed] Mats Ekström et al., Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2006, 1, p. 117-138Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Dilemmas of semi-presidentialism in Central and Eastern Europe: intra-executive conflict and cabinet instability2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Sedelius, Thomas
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Ekman, Joakim
    Intra-executive conflict and cabinet instability: Effects of semi-presidentialism in Central and Eastern Europe2010In: Government and Opposition, ISSN 0017-257X, E-ISSN 1477-7053, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 505-530Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Comparing eight post-communist semi-presidential systems (Bulgaria, Croatia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Ukraine, and Russia), comprising a total of 65 instances of intra-executive coexistence between 1991 and 2007, this article asks to what extent and in what ways president–cabinet conflicts increase the risk of pre-term termination of governments. Previous studies of intra-executive conflicts in semi-presidential regimes have mainly been occupied with explaining why conflicts occur in the first place, and neglected the question of how such conflicts are actually related to political outcomes. The present empirical investigation demonstrates that the occurrence of intra-executive conflict in transitional semi-presidential systems is likely to produce high rates of cabinet turnover.

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