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  • 1.
    Alsarve [Ahlberg], Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Boye, Katarina
    Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI), Stockholm University, Stockholm, sweden.
    Inte bara jämställdhet2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Alsarve [Ahlberg], Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Boye, Katarina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI), Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Inte bara jämställdhet: beslutet om föräldraledighet, moderskaps- och faderskapsideal och idéer om barns bästa2012Inngår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, nr 2, s. 103-128Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    On the basis of 40 semi-structured interviews, this study discusses decision making processes regarding parental leave among nascent first-time middle-class parents in Sweden. We analyze motives and ideas behind the couples' plans and decisions and how decisions on parental leave were made. We furthermore show how the decision making processes can be discussed in relation to the institutional context. The results show that ideals and norms of gender equality are accompanied by gendered divisions of work and care and a partially traditional view on motherhood and fatherhood. Contrary to previous studies, we do not find a clear link between gender equal ideals and explicit negotiations. An equal division of parental leave is, in some couples, taken for granted to such an extent that the decision on how to divide the leave is taken implicitly rather than explicitly. Decisions on division of parental leave are not isolated processes. Rather, ideals and norms around motherhood, fatherhood, gender equality and not least what is 'in the best interest of the child' constitute part of the context in which these decision making processes take place.

  • 3.
    Alsarve [Ahlberg], Jenny
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Boye, Katarina
    Institutet för social forskning, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Man vill ha det lite jämställt sådär: planer för föräldraledighet och arbetsdelning bland blivande föräldrar2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Analysen tecknar sammanfattningsvis en bild av pars vardagsliv där jämställda ideal och tankar om rättvisa ackompanjeras av rädslor för att hamna i en könstraditionell arbetsdelning och ibland också av inslag av traditionella föreställningar om bland annat moderskap. Vi har också kunnat konstatera genusaspekter kopplade till yrkesarbetet och arbetssituationens betydelse för föräldraledigheten där mäns yrkesarbete ibland tycks prioriteras. Att ansvaret för jämställdheten i hushållet läggs i första hand på kvinnan är en annan viktig slutsats. Det är kvinnan som beskrivs som den som måste kliva åt sidan för att ”släppa in” mannen i föräldraskapet samt den som främst initierar diskussioner om arbetsfördelning. Hos paren framträdde höga ambitioner om att skapa en jämställd arbetsfördelning, med avseende på både yrkesarbete och hemarbete, också efter barnets ankomst.

  • 4.
    Boye, Katarina
    Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Can you stay at home today?: the relationship between economic dependence, parents' occupation and care leave for sick children2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This is one of only a few studies on the division of care leave for sick children between parents in Sweden and the first to attempt to examine the importance of differences in parents’ work characteristics. The study uses register data for parents with children born in 1999-2002 to analyse two aspects of working life that may influence how parents divide care leave between them: The parents’ relative wagesand differences in their occupations. First, the results show that a father’s share of care leave increases as the mother’s economic dependence decreases. This suggests that decisions about care leave are influenced by bargaining power gained through relative economic resources. Second, the resources of couples where both partners work in the same occupation are more equal than the resources of other couples. Their wages are more similar, and they also divide care leave more equally than couples where the partners work in different occupations. However, the fact that couples who work in the same occupation tend to share more equally does not seem to be explained by similarities in the partners’ work characteristics or by relatively low economic dependenceof women, but instead may be explained by unmeasured, stable characteristics. Gender egalitarianism and greater possibilities for women in terms of career and wages are put forward as possible characteristics for couples working inthe same occupation that may influence the way they divide care leave.

  • 5.
    Boye, Katarina
    Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Dual-Earner Couples/Dual-Career Couples2014Inngår i: Encyclopedia of quality of life and well-being research / [ed] Axel C. Michalos, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands , 2014, s. 1703-1706Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6.
    Boye, Katarina
    Stockholms universitet, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    Happy hour? Studies on well-being and time spent on paid and unpaid work2008Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis focuses on causes and consequences of paid working hours and housework hours among women and men in Sweden and Europe. It consists of four studies.

    Study I investigates changes in the division of housework in Swedish couples when they become parents. The study shows that women adjust their housework hours to the number and age of children in the household, whereas men do not. Longer parental leave periods among fathers have the potential to counteract this change towards a more traditional division of housework.

    Study II explores the associations between psychological distress and paid working hours, housework hours and total role time in Sweden. The results suggest that women’s psychological distress decreases with increasing paid working hours and housework hours, but that a long total role time is associated with high levels of distress. The gender difference in time spent on housework accounts for 40 per cent of the gender difference in psychological distress.

    Study III asks whether hours spent on paid work and housework account for the European gender difference in well-being, and whether the associations between well-being and hours of paid work and housework is influenced by gender attitudes and social comparison. The results indicate that gender differences in time spent on paid work and housework account for a third of the gender difference in well-being. Gender attitudes and social comparison do not to any great extent influence the associations between well-being and paid work and housework, respectively.

    Study IV examines possible differences between European family policy models in the associations between well-being and hours of paid work and housework. Some model differences are found, and they are accounted for by experiences of work-family conflict among men, but not among women. For both women and men, work-family conflict appears to suppress positive aspects of paid working hours.

    Delarbeid
    1. How children impact on parent’s division of labour: A longitudinal study of changes in housework following the birth of a child
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>How children impact on parent’s division of labour: A longitudinal study of changes in housework following the birth of a child
    (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-43782 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2008-10-16 Laget: 2015-03-20 Sist oppdatert: 2017-10-17bibliografisk kontrollert
    2. Time spent working: paid work, housework and the gender difference in psychological distress
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Time spent working: paid work, housework and the gender difference in psychological distress
    2010 (engelsk)Inngår i: European Societies: The Official Journal of the European Sociological Association, ISSN 1461-6696, E-ISSN 1469-8307, Vol. 12, nr 3, s. 419-442Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the connection between the time that women and men spend on paid work and housework and psychological distress, and addresses the question whether gender differences in time spent on these activities account for the gender difference in psychological distress. A group (n =1,277) of employed and cohabiting women and men from the Swedish Level-of-Living Survey 2000 (LNU 2000) are analysed using OLS regression. Results show that time spent on housework explains part of the gender difference in psychological distress. Among women, paid working time and possibly time spent on housework are associated with low psychological distress. However, spending too much time on one role decreases the possible beneficial effect of the other, and this is mainly caused by the resulting increase in total role time. Men's level of psychological distress is not associated with hours of paid work or housework. The study also shows that the division of housework between women and men is unusually uneven in households where women have a long total role time. Thus, an increase in men's participation in housework could decrease the gender difference in psychological distress as well as the number of women experiencing a high workload.

    Emneord
    division of housework; paid work; psychological distress; time use; gender equality; Sweden
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Sociologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-42189 (URN)10.1080/14616691003716928 (DOI)000280158900007 ()2-s2.0-77954735635 (Scopus ID)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2008-10-16 Laget: 2015-01-22 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-04bibliografisk kontrollert
    3. Relatively different?: how do gender differences in well-being depend on paid and unpaid work in Europe?
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Relatively different?: how do gender differences in well-being depend on paid and unpaid work in Europe?
    2009 (engelsk)Inngår i: Social Indicators Research, ISSN 0303-8300, E-ISSN 1573-0921, Vol. 93, nr 3, s. 509-525Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Absolute as well as relative hours of paid and unpaid work may influence well-being. This study investigates whether absolute hours spent on paid work and housework account for the lower well-being among women as compared to men in Europe, and whether the associations between well-being and hours of paid work and housework differ by gender attitudes and social context. Attitudes towards women's and men's paid work and housework obligations may influence how beneficial or detrimental it is to spend time on these activities, as may social comparison of one's own hours to the number of hours commonly spent among similar others. A group of 13,425 women and men from 25 European countries are analysed using country fixed-effects models. The results suggest that while men's well-being appears to be unaffected by hours of paid work and housework, women's well-being increases with increased paid working hours and decreases with increasing housework hours. Gender differences in time spent on paid work and housework account for a third of the European gender difference in well-being and are thus one reason that women have lower well-being than men have. Gender attitudes do not appear to modify the associations between hours and well-being, but there is a tendency for women's well-being to be higher the less housework they do compared to other women in the same family situation and country. However, absolute hours of paid work and housework appear to be more important to women's well-being than relative hours.

    Emneord
    Europe; Gender; Gender attitudes; House workhours; Paid working hours; Social comparison; Well-being
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Sociologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-42186 (URN)10.1007/s11205-008-9434-1 (DOI)000268984200005 ()2-s2.0-68549122926 (Scopus ID)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2009-08-18 Laget: 2015-01-22 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-04bibliografisk kontrollert
    4. Work and well-being in a comparative perspective: the role of family policy
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Work and well-being in a comparative perspective: the role of family policy
    2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 16-30Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates whether associations between well-being and paid work and housework, respectively, differ between European family policy models, and whether any such differences can be attributed to differences in the experience of work–family conflict. Analysing data on mothers and fathers in 18 European countries, the study finds that the traditional family policy model shows the most positive association between women’s well-being and paid working hours, although this association is concealed by work–family conflict. Possibly, the selection into long paid working hours of women with rewarding jobs is greater here than elsewhere. Women’s housework hours are also most positively associated with well-being in the traditional model, although well-being decreases when housework hours become too long. In the market-oriented model, women’s paid working hours and housework hours are instead associated with decreasing well-being, the former association appearing to be caused by work–family conflict. The strongest positive association between men’s paid working hours and well-being is found in the market-oriented model, but again, control for work–family conflict reveals positive associations in this and other models. Hence, among both mothers and fathers, work–family conflict appears to be one important reason why paid working hours are not more clearly associated with high levels of well-being.

    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Sociologi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-42190 (URN)10.1093/esr/jcp051 (DOI)000286988300002 ()2-s2.0-79751479875 (Scopus ID)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-02-01 Laget: 2015-01-22 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-04bibliografisk kontrollert
  • 7.
    Boye, Katarina
    Stockholms universitet, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI).
    How children impact on parent’s division of labour: A longitudinal study of changes in housework following the birth of a childManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Boye, Katarina
    Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    How children impact on parent’s division of labour: a longitudinal study of changes in housework following the birth of a childManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Boye, Katarina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hushållsarbetets tid och fördelning2014Inngår i: Lönsamt arbete: familjeansvarets fördelning och konsekvenser / [ed] Katarina Boye och Magnus Nermo, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2014, s. 95-129Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 10.
    Boye, Katarina
    Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mot ett nytt föräldraskap2014Inngår i: Glimtar av jämställdhet / [ed] Anne Grönlund, Umeå: Boréa bokförlag , 2014Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Boye, Katarina
    Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Relatively different?: how do gender differences in well-being depend on paid and unpaid work in Europe?2009Inngår i: Social Indicators Research, ISSN 0303-8300, E-ISSN 1573-0921, Vol. 93, nr 3, s. 509-525Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Absolute as well as relative hours of paid and unpaid work may influence well-being. This study investigates whether absolute hours spent on paid work and housework account for the lower well-being among women as compared to men in Europe, and whether the associations between well-being and hours of paid work and housework differ by gender attitudes and social context. Attitudes towards women's and men's paid work and housework obligations may influence how beneficial or detrimental it is to spend time on these activities, as may social comparison of one's own hours to the number of hours commonly spent among similar others. A group of 13,425 women and men from 25 European countries are analysed using country fixed-effects models. The results suggest that while men's well-being appears to be unaffected by hours of paid work and housework, women's well-being increases with increased paid working hours and decreases with increasing housework hours. Gender differences in time spent on paid work and housework account for a third of the European gender difference in well-being and are thus one reason that women have lower well-being than men have. Gender attitudes do not appear to modify the associations between hours and well-being, but there is a tendency for women's well-being to be higher the less housework they do compared to other women in the same family situation and country. However, absolute hours of paid work and housework appear to be more important to women's well-being than relative hours.

  • 12.
    Boye, Katarina
    Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Time spent working: paid work, housework and the gender difference in psychological distress2010Inngår i: European Societies: The Official Journal of the European Sociological Association, ISSN 1461-6696, E-ISSN 1469-8307, Vol. 12, nr 3, s. 419-442Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the connection between the time that women and men spend on paid work and housework and psychological distress, and addresses the question whether gender differences in time spent on these activities account for the gender difference in psychological distress. A group (n =1,277) of employed and cohabiting women and men from the Swedish Level-of-Living Survey 2000 (LNU 2000) are analysed using OLS regression. Results show that time spent on housework explains part of the gender difference in psychological distress. Among women, paid working time and possibly time spent on housework are associated with low psychological distress. However, spending too much time on one role decreases the possible beneficial effect of the other, and this is mainly caused by the resulting increase in total role time. Men's level of psychological distress is not associated with hours of paid work or housework. The study also shows that the division of housework between women and men is unusually uneven in households where women have a long total role time. Thus, an increase in men's participation in housework could decrease the gender difference in psychological distress as well as the number of women experiencing a high workload.

  • 13.
    Boye, Katarina
    Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Work and well-being in a comparative perspective: the role of family policy2011Inngår i: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 16-30Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates whether associations between well-being and paid work and housework, respectively, differ between European family policy models, and whether any such differences can be attributed to differences in the experience of work–family conflict. Analysing data on mothers and fathers in 18 European countries, the study finds that the traditional family policy model shows the most positive association between women’s well-being and paid working hours, although this association is concealed by work–family conflict. Possibly, the selection into long paid working hours of women with rewarding jobs is greater here than elsewhere. Women’s housework hours are also most positively associated with well-being in the traditional model, although well-being decreases when housework hours become too long. In the market-oriented model, women’s paid working hours and housework hours are instead associated with decreasing well-being, the former association appearing to be caused by work–family conflict. The strongest positive association between men’s paid working hours and well-being is found in the market-oriented model, but again, control for work–family conflict reveals positive associations in this and other models. Hence, among both mothers and fathers, work–family conflict appears to be one important reason why paid working hours are not more clearly associated with high levels of well-being.

  • 14.
    Boye, Katarina
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Evertsson, Marie
    Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Vem gör vad när?: kvinnors och mäns tid i betalt och obetalt arbete2014Inngår i: Ojämlikhetens dimensioner: uppväxtvillkor, arbete och hälsa i Sverige / [ed] Marie Evertsson & Charlotta Magnusson, Stockholm: Liber , 2014, s. 158-184Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Boye, Katarina
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Halldén, Karin
    Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Magnusson, Charlotta
    Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Könslönegapets utveckling: betydelsen av yrkets kvalifikationsnivå och familjeansvar2014Inngår i: Ojämlikhetens dimensioner: uppväxtvillkor, arbete och hälsa i Sverige / [ed] Marie Evertsson & Charlotta Magnusson, Stockholm: Liber , 2014, s. 185-211Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Boye, Katarina
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nermo, MagnusInstitutet för social forskning (SOFI), Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lönsamt arbete: familjeansvarets fördelning och konsekvenser2014Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Evertsson, Marie
    et al.
    Sociologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Boye, Katarina
    Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Jämställdhet i hemmet: så fördelar unga vuxna hushålls- och omsorgsarbetet2013Inngår i: Fokus 13: Unga och jämställdhet, Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB, 2013, s. 146-166Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Fokus13 beskriver Ungdomsstyrelsen jämställdhetssituationen för unga inom områdena utbildning och lärande, arbete och försörjning, hälsa och utsatthet, inflytande och representation samt kultur och fritid. Rapporten utgår från två stora enkätundersökningar, intervjuer med unga och en genomgång av tidigare studier. Man beskriver också förändringsarbete, med exempel på verksamheter som arbetar för ökad jämställdhet. Utifrån analysen ger Ungdomsstyrelsen förslag på hur arbetet kan utvecklas ytterligare framöver. Fokus13 är Ungdomsstyrelsens nionde tematiska analys inom ungdomspolitiken.

  • 18.
    Evertsson, Marie
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Boye, Katarina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Erman, Jeylan
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Fathers on call: a study on the sharing of care work among parents in Sweden. A mixed methods approach2015Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    By combining quantitative analyses of survey data with qualitative analyses of interviewswith first-time parents, this study gives new insights into parents’ division of parental leavein Sweden and the links between fathers’ leave length and the division of child care whenboth are back at work again. Quantitative results show that mothers’ and fathers’ parentalleave lengths vary substantially with the reasons for division of leave and that fathers’parental leave length is related to the long-term division of child care as well as to mothers’satisfaction with it. Qualitative results suggest that although gender equality and equalparenting is central to the first-time, middle-class parents that were interviewed, moretraditional norms and ideals about the mother as the primary caretaker may stand in the wayof an equal sharing of the leave during the child’s first year. The study also suggests severalmechanisms through which fathers’ parental leave may causally influence later division ofchildcare, including a development of a closer relationship between the father and the childand a greater understanding between the parents.

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