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  • 1.
    Kerr, Margaret
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Pakalniskiene, Vilmante
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Parents react to adolescent problem behaviors by worrying more and monitoring less2008In: What can parents do?: New insights into the role of parents in adolescent problem behavior / [ed] Margaret Kerr, Håkan Stattin, Rutger C. M. E. Engels, Chichester, West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons , 2008, p. 89-112Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     

    Although much of the literature on parenting and adolescent problem behavior has looked at parents as causal agents, there is a growing awareness that parenting is partly a reaction to problem behavior, as well as an action. In this study, we try to understand parents’ reactions to delinquency and the secretive, defiant behavior toward parents that correlates with delinquency. We use longitudinal data over two years from about 1100 adolescents aged 10 to 14 years. Most measures are parents’ reports; delinquency is youth-reported. The results suggest that youths’ behaviors influence parenting more than parenting influences youth behaviors. Parents seem to react to negative behavior at home more than to the delinquency itself. They react emotionally with distrust and worries, and at the same time, they slacken their monitoring efforts. Their emotional reactions seem to be part of an escalation in youth delinquency, whereas monitoring efforts do not. These findings could have implications for experimental studies of parenting adolescents.

  • 2.
    Miljkovic, Vladimir D.
    et al.
    Dept Appl Phys, Chalmers, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Pakizeh, Tavakol
    Dept Appl Phys, Chalmers, Gothenburg, Sweden; Dept Elect Engn, KN Toosi Univ Technol, Tehran, Iran.
    Sepulveda, Borja
    Res Ctr Nanosci & Nanotechnol CIN2, Nanobiosensors & Mol Nanobiophys Grp, CSIC ICN, Bellaterra, Spain.
    Johansson, Peter
    Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. Dept Appl Phys, Chalmers, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kall, Mikael
    Dept Appl Phys, Chalmers, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Optical Forces in Plasmonic Nanoparticle Dimers2010In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 114, no 16, p. 7472-7479Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present calculations of the optical forces between two metal nanospheres forming a hybridized plasmonic chiller. We consider homo- and heterodimers and investigate different plane wave illumination configurations. The forces between the particles are calculated using kill Mie theory combined with the Maxwell stress tensor (MST) formalism, as well as by approximate methods, such as the Lorentz force (LF) approach taken in the dipole limit and calculations based on an optical potential. We show that the simplified calculation schemes can lead to serious errors in the case of strongly interacting particles and low damping. In particular, we find that equilibrium configurations, corresponding to vanishing optical forces, only are possible for homodimers illuminated in the end-fire configuration and for heterodimers, although multipolar effects and clamping radically reduce the repulsive interactions in the latter case.

  • 3.
    Pakalniskiene, Vilmante
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Children’s temperamental unmanageability, harsh parenting, and quality of romantic relationships in adulthood from a longitudinal perspectiveManuscript (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Pakalniskiene, Vilmante
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Harsh or inept parenting, youth characteristics and later adjustment2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite most parents’ good intentions to provide a warm, supportive environment in which the child can grow and develop socially appropriate behavior, they might occasionally act toward their child in a negative or even harsh way. Some do this more consistently than others. This dissertation examined the relationships between harsh or inept parenting and children’s characteristics in predicting various adjustment problems. The first aim of the dissertation was to examine if experienced harsh parental behavior is associated with adjustment problems for children from different cultures in a similar way. Study I showed that the effects of harsh parenting were very similar for children from different countries, but the magnitude of these effects differed. The second aim was to examine how parents and youths respond to each other over time. Studies II and III showed that youth characteristics influenced harsh or inept parenting and, to a lesser extent, parents’ behaviors could affect youth characteristics or behavior problems. The third aim of this dissertation concerns the role of child or youth characteristics in the link between harsh parenting and adjustment problems. Findings from Study II suggested that, youth characteristics might be responsible for both harsh parenting and problematic peer relationships, thus explaining the link between them. Studies IV and V showed that children’s early unmanageability increased the risk of having more adjustment problems later in life only for some children. The fourth aim was to examine how the early characteristics of children who experience physical punishment in the context of parenting behaviors that communicate negative emotions affect later adjustment. The findings from Studies IV and V suggest that only for some children, those who experience certain combinations of harsh parental behavior, is early unmanageability a risk factor for social adjustment problems. Overall, the studies in this dissertation provide insights into the roles of harsh or inept parenting and youth characteristics in the development of various adjustment problems. Even though parents’ negative behaviors may affect youth social adjustment, youth characteristics and behaviors can strongly contribute to their own adjustment and to harsh or inept parenting.

    List of papers
    1. Cross-cultural comparisons of child-reported emotional and physical abuse: rates, risk factors and psychosocial symptoms
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cross-cultural comparisons of child-reported emotional and physical abuse: rates, risk factors and psychosocial symptoms
    Show others...
    2004 (English)In: Child Abuse & Neglect, ISSN 1873-7757, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 113-127Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES:

    This study was designed to assess the incidence of child emotional and physical abuse, associated risk factors and psychosocial symptoms in a cross-cultural comparison between post-communist bloc countries. Method: One-thousand one-hundred forty-five children ages 10-14 from Latvia (N = 297), Lithuania ( N = 300), Macedonia (N = 302), and Moldova (N = 246) participated in the study. They completed questionnaires assessing their experience of emotional or physical abuse, and provided information about family risk-factors and psychosocial symptoms, including PTSD-related symptoms.

    RESULTS:

    Incidence rates of maltreatment differed by country, as did levels of reported psychosocial symptoms. Incidence of emotional and physical abuse differed by region, with higher levels of abuse reported in the rural regions. In all four countries, a similar association between emotional/physical abuse and psychosocial symptoms was found, with the uniformly largest correlation between emotional abuse and anger. When examining the combined scores of emotional and physcial abuse, even higher correlation's were found, particularly in relation to anger and depression. In all four countries, parental overuse of alcohol was associated with emotional and/or physical abuse.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    Findings show differences by country in child-reported levels of emotional and physical abuse, but similar patterns of correlation with psychosocial symptoms and the risk factors of parental alcohol overuse and living in a rural area.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Elsevier, 2004
    National Category
    Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-2908 (URN)10.1016/j.chiabu.2003.06.004 (DOI)000188934000009 ()15019442 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-084232965 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2008-02-18 Created: 2008-02-18 Last updated: 2018-02-12Bibliographically approved
    2. Youth characteristics as explanations of the link between negative parenting practices and adolescent peer relationship quality
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Youth characteristics as explanations of the link between negative parenting practices and adolescent peer relationship quality
    (English)Manuscript (Other academic)
    National Category
    Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-2909 (URN)
    Available from: 2008-02-18 Created: 2008-02-18 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
    3. Parents react to adolescent problem behaviors by worrying more and monitoring less
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parents react to adolescent problem behaviors by worrying more and monitoring less
    2008 (English)In: What can parents do?: New insights into the role of parents in adolescent problem behavior / [ed] Margaret Kerr, Håkan Stattin, Rutger C. M. E. Engels, Chichester, West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons , 2008, p. 89-112Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     

    Although much of the literature on parenting and adolescent problem behavior has looked at parents as causal agents, there is a growing awareness that parenting is partly a reaction to problem behavior, as well as an action. In this study, we try to understand parents’ reactions to delinquency and the secretive, defiant behavior toward parents that correlates with delinquency. We use longitudinal data over two years from about 1100 adolescents aged 10 to 14 years. Most measures are parents’ reports; delinquency is youth-reported. The results suggest that youths’ behaviors influence parenting more than parenting influences youth behaviors. Parents seem to react to negative behavior at home more than to the delinquency itself. They react emotionally with distrust and worries, and at the same time, they slacken their monitoring efforts. Their emotional reactions seem to be part of an escalation in youth delinquency, whereas monitoring efforts do not. These findings could have implications for experimental studies of parenting adolescents.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Chichester, West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons, 2008
    Series
    Hot topics in developmental research
    Keywords
    Parental monitoring, adolescent, development, problem behavior, delinquency, parenting
    National Category
    Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-2910 (URN)10.1002/9780470774113.ch4 (DOI)978-0-470-72363-0 (ISBN)
    Note
    Peer reviewedAvailable from: 2008-02-18 Created: 2008-02-18 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
    4. Early temperamental unmanageability, harsh parenting profiles, and adolescent problem behavior: a mixture modeling approach with latent parenting classes
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Early temperamental unmanageability, harsh parenting profiles, and adolescent problem behavior: a mixture modeling approach with latent parenting classes
    (English)Manuscript (Other academic)
    National Category
    Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-2911 (URN)
    Available from: 2008-02-18 Created: 2008-02-18 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
    5. Children’s temperamental unmanageability, harsh parenting, and quality of romantic relationships in adulthood from a longitudinal perspective
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children’s temperamental unmanageability, harsh parenting, and quality of romantic relationships in adulthood from a longitudinal perspective
    (English)Manuscript (Other academic)
    National Category
    Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-2912 (URN)
    Available from: 2008-02-18 Created: 2008-02-18 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
  • 5.
    Pakalniskiene, Vilmante
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Kerr, Margaret
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Early temperamental unmanageability, harsh parenting profiles, and adolescent problem behavior: a mixture modeling approach with latent parenting classesManuscript (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Pakalniskiene, Vilmante
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Kerr, Margaret
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Youth characteristics as explanations of the link between negative parenting practices and adolescent peer relationship qualityManuscript (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Salihovic, Selma
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Kerr, Margaret
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Özdemir, Metin
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Pakalniskiene, Vilmante
    Vilnius University, Vilnius, Litauen.
    Directions of effects between adolescent psychopathic traits and parental behavior2012In: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, ISSN 0091-0627, E-ISSN 1573-2835, Vol. 40, no 6, p. 957-969Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Sebre, Sandra
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia.
    Sprugevica, Leva
    Department of Psychology, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia.
    Novotni, Antoni
    Medical Faculty, St. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje, Macedonia.
    Bonevski, Dimitar
    Medical Faculty, St. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje, Macedonia.
    Pakalniskiene, Vilmante
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences. Department of Clinical Psychology, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania.
    Popescu, Daniela
    National Center for Child Abuse Prevention, Chisinau, Moldova.
    Turchina, Tatiana
    National Center for Child Abuse Prevention, Chisinau, Moldova.
    Friedrich, William
    Mayo Clinic, Rochester MN, United States.
    Lewis, Owen
    Phys. Surgs., Columbia University College, New York NY, United States.
    Cross-cultural comparisons of child-reported emotional and physical abuse: rates, risk factors and psychosocial symptoms2004In: Child Abuse & Neglect, ISSN 1873-7757, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 113-127Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES:

    This study was designed to assess the incidence of child emotional and physical abuse, associated risk factors and psychosocial symptoms in a cross-cultural comparison between post-communist bloc countries. Method: One-thousand one-hundred forty-five children ages 10-14 from Latvia (N = 297), Lithuania ( N = 300), Macedonia (N = 302), and Moldova (N = 246) participated in the study. They completed questionnaires assessing their experience of emotional or physical abuse, and provided information about family risk-factors and psychosocial symptoms, including PTSD-related symptoms.

    RESULTS:

    Incidence rates of maltreatment differed by country, as did levels of reported psychosocial symptoms. Incidence of emotional and physical abuse differed by region, with higher levels of abuse reported in the rural regions. In all four countries, a similar association between emotional/physical abuse and psychosocial symptoms was found, with the uniformly largest correlation between emotional abuse and anger. When examining the combined scores of emotional and physcial abuse, even higher correlation's were found, particularly in relation to anger and depression. In all four countries, parental overuse of alcohol was associated with emotional and/or physical abuse.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    Findings show differences by country in child-reported levels of emotional and physical abuse, but similar patterns of correlation with psychosocial symptoms and the risk factors of parental alcohol overuse and living in a rural area.

  • 9.
    Svensson, Ylva
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Pakalniskiene, V.
    Kerr, Margaret
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Caught in between2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Tilton-Weaver, Lauree
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Kerr, Margaret
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Pakalniskeine, Vilmante
    Tokic, Ana
    Univ Zagreb, Zagreb 41000, Croatia.
    Salihovic, Selma
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Stattin, Håkan
    Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
    Open up or close down: how do parental reactions affect youth information management?2010In: Journal of Adolescence, ISSN 0140-1971, E-ISSN 1095-9254, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 333-346Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to test a process model of youths' information management. Using three waves of longitudinal data collected from 982 youths, we modeled parents' positive and negative reactions to disclosure predicting youths' feelings about their parents, in turn predicting youths' disclosure and secrecy about their daily activities. Gender, age, and psychopathic personality traits were examined as potential moderators. The results showed that parents' negative reactions were associated with increases in youths' feeling controlled and decreases in youths' feeling connected to their parents, which in turn, predicted increased secrecy and decreased disclosure. In contrast, parents' positive reactions predicted increased feeling connected to parents, which in turn predicted increased disclosure. Moreover, these predictive pathways were modified by youths' psychopathic personality traits. Our results are consistent with a transactional model suggesting that how parents react to youths' disclosure affects youths' future decisions to provide their parents with information about their daily activities. The results point to the importance of considering youths' feelings and characteristics.

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