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  • 1.
    Gilbert, R. E.
    et al.
    UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK.
    Fluke, J.
    Child Protection Research Center, American Humane Association, Englewood, USA .
    O'Donnell, M.
    Centre for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia .
    Gonzalez-Izquierdo, A.
    UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK.
    Brownell, M.
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada .
    Gulliver, P.
    Injury Prevention Research Unit, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand .
    Janson, Staffan
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin. Department of Public Health, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Sidebotham, P.
    Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.
    Trends in child maltreatment reply2012Ingår i: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 379, nr 9831, s. 2049-2049Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 2.
    Gilbert, Ruth
    et al.
    MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom.
    Fluke, John
    Child Protection Research Center, American Humane Association, Englewood, United States.
    O'Donnell, Melissa
    Centre for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia .
    Gonzalez-Izquierdo, Arturo
    MRC Centre of Epidemiology for Child Health, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom.
    Brownell, Marni
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada .
    Gulliver, Pauline
    Injury Prevention Research Unit, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
    Janson, Staffan
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete. Department of Paediatrics, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; Department of Public Health, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Sidebotham, Peter
    Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom.
    Child maltreatment: variation in trends and policies in six developed countries2012Ingår i: The Lancet, ISSN 0140-6736, E-ISSN 1474-547X, Vol. 379, nr 9817, s. 758-772Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We explored trends in six developed countries in three types of indicators of child maltreatment for children younger than 11 years, since the inception of modern child protection systems in the 1970s. Despite several policy initiatives for child protection, we recorded no consistent evidence for a decrease in all types of indicators of child maltreatment. We noted falling rates of violent death in a few age and country groups, but these decreases coincided with reductions in admissions to hospital for maltreatment-related injury only in Sweden and Manitoba (Canada). One or more child protection agency indicators increased in five of six countries, particularly in infants, possibly as a result of early intervention policies. Comparisons of mean rates between countries showed five-fold to ten-fold differences in rates of agency indicators, but less than two-fold variation in violent deaths or maltreatment-related injury, apart from high rates of violent child death in the USA. These analyses draw attention to the need for robust research to establish whether the high and rising rates of agency contacts and out-of-home care in some settings are effectively reducing child maltreatment.

  • 3.
    Janson, Staffan
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Långberg, Bodil
    Svensson, Birgitta
    Sweden: A 30-year ban on physical punishment of children2011Ingår i: Global pathways to abolishing physical punishment: realizing children’s rights / [ed] Joan E. Durrant, Anne B. Smith, London: Routledge, 2011, Vol. 51, s. 241-255Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 4.
    Olsson, Ann
    et al.
    Primary Care Research Unit, County Council of Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Hasselgren, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för läkarutbildning. Primary Care Research Unit, County Council of Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Hagquist, Curt
    Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Janson, Staffan
    Division of Public Health, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    The association between medical conditions and gender, well-being, psychosomatic complaints as well as school adaptability2013Ingår i: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 102, nr 5, s. 550-555Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim was to assess the association between medical conditions and gender, well-being, psychosomatic complaints and school adaptability. The second aim was to determine whether self-reported medical conditions should be included in class-room questionnaires that deal with well-being and risk behaviour.

    Methods: A cross-sectional class-room questionnaire was given to all 15- to 16-year-olds within a Swedish county. The questionnaire included background factors, subjective health, well-being, psychosomatic complaints, self image, drug use and also several themes from the school context. In addition, there were 13 medical conditions/problems to tick (yes or no) and an open alternative for other problems/medical conditions.

    Results: 3108 questionnaires (response rate 84%) were analysed. The majority of the girls and the boys reported no medical conditions; however, 49% of the girls and 39% of the boys reported at least one medical condition. The medical conditions were associated with gender, well-being, psychosomatic complaints and school adaptability. The association was stronger for girls than for boys.

    Conclusion: Medical conditions among these teenagers were associated with gender, well-being, psychosomatic complaints and school adaptability, particularly for girls. Our results suggest that medical conditions could preferably be included in regular classroom questionnaires.

  • 5. Svensson, Birgitta
    et al.
    Janson, Staffan
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    The SOFIA study: a multi-disciplinary large scale longitudinal study ofsocial, behavioral and physical development2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 6.
    von Kobyletzki, Laura B.
    et al.
    Department of Dermatology, Institute of Clinical Research in Malmö, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden; Department of Public Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Janson, Staffan
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Hasselgren, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Svensson, Ake
    Department of Dermatology, Institute of Clinical Research in Malmö, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Evaluation of a parental questionnaire to identify atopic dermatitis in infants and preschool children2012Ingår i: Journal of Allergy, ISSN 1687-9783, E-ISSN 1687-9791, Vol. 2012, artikel-id 945617Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To develop and validate a questionnaire for detecting atopic dermatitis in infants and small children from the age of 2 months.

    Methods: Parents to 60 children answered a written questionnaire prior to a physical examination and individual semistructured interview. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of validity, sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of the questionnaire were performed.

    Results: A total of 27 girls and 33 boys, aged 2 to 71 months, 35 with and 25 without physician-diagnosed eczema, participated. Validation of the questionnaire by comparisons with physicians' diagnoses showed a sensitivity of 0.91 (95% CI 0.77-0.98) and a specificity of 1 (95% CI 0.86-1).

    Conclusions: Three questions in a parental questionnaire were sufficient for diagnosing eczema in infants and small children.

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