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  • 1.
    Nilsson, Ulrica
    et al.
    Department of Medicine and Care, Division of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Science, Linköping,Sweden; Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Örebro, Sweden; Centre for Caring Science, Örebro Medical Centre Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Rawal, Narinder
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Örebro, Sweden.
    Uneståhl, Lars Erik
    Scandinavian International University, Örebro,Sweden.
    Zetterberg, Carina
    Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Örebro Medical Centre Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Unosson, Mitra
    Department of Medicine and Care, Division of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Science, Linköping, Sweden.
    Improved recovery after music and therapeutic suggestions during general anaesthesia: a double-blind randomised controlled trial2001In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-5172, E-ISSN 1399-6576, Vol. 45, no 7, p. 812-817Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study was designed to determine whether music or music in combination with therapeutic suggestions in the intra-operative period under general anaesthesia could improve the recovery of hysterectomy patients.

    Methods: In a double blind randomised clinical investigation ninety patients who underwent hysterectomy under general anaesthesia were intra-operatively exposed to, music, music in combination with therapeutic suggestion or operation room sounds. The anaesthesia was standardised. Postoperative analgesia was provided by a patient controlled analgesia (PCA). The pain scores were recorded by visual analogue scale. Nausea, emesis, bowel function, fatigue , well-being and duration of hospital stay were studied as outcome variables.

    Results: The day of surgery patients exposed to music in combination with therapeutic suggestions required less rescue analgesic compared with the controls. Patients in the music group experienced more effective analgesia the first day after surgery and could be mobilised earlier after the operation. At discharge from the hospital patients in the music and music combined with therapeutic suggestion were less fatigued compared to the controls. No differences were noted in nausea, emesis, bowel function, well-being or length of hospital stay between the groups.

    Conclusion: This double blind study has demonstrated that intra-operative music and music in combination with therapeutic suggestions may have some beneficial effects on postoperative recovery after hysterectomy. Further controlled studies are necessary to confirm our results.

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