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  • 1.
    Rydberg, Emelie
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Deaf people and the labour market in Sweden: education - employment - economy2010Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on deaf people’s educational attainment, position on the labour market and sources of revenue. These issues are interrelated, for instance a higher level of educational attainment seems to be associated with a lower unemployment rate and higher levels of income. The national context is Sweden and the Swedish welfare state in 2005.

    All studies in the thesis compare a deaf population, consisting of 2,144 persons born between 1941 and 1980 who have attended a school for the deaf in Sweden, with a general reference population, consisting of 100,000 randomly chosen persons from the total Swedish population born between 1941 and 1980. Data for all studies consisted of registered information about the persons in the year 2005.

    The results show that there are differences between the deaf and the reference population regarding level of educational attainment, position on the labour market and sources of revenue and disposable income, with the deaf population having a poorer position than the reference population in all areas. There are also differences between the workplaces of the deaf and the people in the reference population, and it is twice as common for people in the deaf population than for people in the reference population to have a higher level of educational attainment than is required for their occupation.

    These differences between the deaf and the reference population cannot be associated with differences in the independent factors, as for instance sex, age and immigration background, for which the results have been adjusted. This thesis shows that being part of the deaf population appears to be of importance. Factors in conjunction with deafness that can increase our understanding of the differences between the deaf and the reference populations in an educational context, labour market context and economic context are discussed in the thesis.

    Delarbeten
    1. Toward an equal level of educational attainment between deaf and hearing people in Sweden?
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Toward an equal level of educational attainment between deaf and hearing people in Sweden?
    2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, ISSN 1081-4159, E-ISSN 1465-7325, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 312-323Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Various educational reforms in Sweden have resulted in a formally equivalent educational system for deaf and hearing pupils. Has this resulted in equal levels of educational attainment? This article compares 2,144 people born between 1941 and 1980 who attended a special education program for the deaf and 100,000 randomly chosen individuals from the total population born between 1941 and 1980. Data consist of registered information about the individuals in the year 2005. Results demonstrate that the deaf population has a lower level of educational attainment than the reference population. Women have a higher level of educational attainment than men, and younger people have a higher level than older people in each population. Neither sex, age category, nor immigrant background accounts for the variance in the level of educational attainment between the populations. The educational reforms have not been sufficient to reduce the unequal level of educational attainment between deaf and hearing people.

    Education in Sweden for deaf and hearing people has differed historically. A significant difference is that deaf pupils attend special schools. However, the government has strived for equal education for the deaf and hearing. Various educational reforms have resulted in a formally equivalent educational system for deaf and hearing pupils. Has such formal equivalence also resulted in equal levels of educational attainment? The study presented here focuses on this question. Lower levels of unemployment and higher levels of income are associated with high levels of educational attainment (Welsh & Foster, 1991; Welsh & MacLeod-Gallinger, 1992).

    To be defined as deaf in this article, a person is to have a hearing loss at an early age and to have attended a special school for the deaf. The definition of deaf used in other sources referred to here varies in parts such as Education in Sweden and Level of Educational Attainment for Deaf People, but most define a deaf person as one who has attended a special educational program for the deaf.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Socialt arbete
    Forskningsämne
    Handikappvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-8026 (URN)10.1093/deafed/enp001 (DOI)000266957600004 ()19221118 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-67449103902 (Scopus ID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2009-09-29 Skapad: 2009-09-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-13Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. The position of the deaf in the Swedish labor market
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The position of the deaf in the Swedish labor market
    2010 (Engelska)Ingår i: American Annals of the Deaf, ISSN 0002-726X, E-ISSN 1543-0375, Vol. 155, nr 1, s. 68-77Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The position of deaf people in the Swedish labor market is described and analyzed. A population of 2,144 people born from 1941 to 1980 who attended special education programs for the deaf was compared to 100,000 randomly chosen individuals from the total Swedish population born during the same period. Data on these individuals consisted of registered information from 2005. It was found that the labor market position of the deaf population was not as good as that of the reference population. It was also found that differences in sex, age, immigration background, level of educational attainment, and region of residence did not affect the difference between the two populations in regard to labor market position. Instead, deafness itself appeared to be a crucial factor. The study also indicated difficulties in finding long-term solutions to the deaf population’s problems finding employment.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Washington, USA: Gallaudet University Press, 2010
    Nyckelord
    Deaf, labor market, employment, Sweden
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Socialt arbete
    Forskningsämne
    Handikappvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-10386 (URN)10.1353/aad.0.0130 (DOI)000277689400006 ()20503908 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-77952061200 (Scopus ID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2010-04-15 Skapad: 2010-04-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Deaf people’s employment and workplaces: similarities and differences in comparison with a reference population
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Deaf people’s employment and workplaces: similarities and differences in comparison with a reference population
    2011 (Engelska)Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 327-345Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to describe and analyze the characteristics of deaf people in employment and their workplaces in Sweden. A population of 2144 people born 1941-80 who attended a school for the deaf was compared to 100,000 randomly chosen individuals from the total Swedish population born 1941-80. Data on these persons consisted of registered information from the year 2005. Results showed that there are differences between the workplaces of people in the deaf and the reference population. For instance, deaf people were more commonly employed in the public sector. People in employment showed similar findings in both populations concerning sex, age and level of educational attainment: the higher the level of educational attainment, the higher the employment rate. However, deaf people more often had a higher level of educational attainment than was required for their occupation, which is an indication of discrimination in the labour market.

    Nyckelord
    deaf, employment, workplace, occupation level, Sweden
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Socialt arbete
    Forskningsämne
    Handikappvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-10387 (URN)10.1080/15017419.2010.507375 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2010-04-15 Skapad: 2010-04-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Deaf people’s sources of revenue and disposable income in Sweden
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Deaf people’s sources of revenue and disposable income in Sweden
    (Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Nyckelord
    deaf, disposable income, sources of revenue, register information
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Socialt arbete
    Forskningsämne
    Handikappvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-10388 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2010-04-15 Skapad: 2010-04-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-10-18Bibliografiskt granskad
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    COVER01
  • 2.
    Rydberg, Emelie
    Örebro universitet, Hälsovetenskapliga institutionen.
    Döva på arbetsmarknaden – en utsatt position2006Ingår i: Dövhet och hörselnedsättning: specialpedagogiska perspektiv / [ed] Carin Roos, Siv Fischbein, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2006, s. 231-250Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    Rydberg, Emelie
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Coniavitis Gellerstedt, Lotta
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Deaf people’s employment and workplaces: similarities and differences in comparison with a reference population2011Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 327-345Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to describe and analyze the characteristics of deaf people in employment and their workplaces in Sweden. A population of 2144 people born 1941-80 who attended a school for the deaf was compared to 100,000 randomly chosen individuals from the total Swedish population born 1941-80. Data on these persons consisted of registered information from the year 2005. Results showed that there are differences between the workplaces of people in the deaf and the reference population. For instance, deaf people were more commonly employed in the public sector. People in employment showed similar findings in both populations concerning sex, age and level of educational attainment: the higher the level of educational attainment, the higher the employment rate. However, deaf people more often had a higher level of educational attainment than was required for their occupation, which is an indication of discrimination in the labour market.

  • 4.
    Rydberg, Emelie
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Coniavitis Gellerstedt, Lotta
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Deaf people’s sources of revenue and disposable income in SwedenManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Rydberg, Emelie
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Coniavitis Gellerstedt, Lotta
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    The position of the deaf in the Swedish labor market2010Ingår i: American Annals of the Deaf, ISSN 0002-726X, E-ISSN 1543-0375, Vol. 155, nr 1, s. 68-77Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The position of deaf people in the Swedish labor market is described and analyzed. A population of 2,144 people born from 1941 to 1980 who attended special education programs for the deaf was compared to 100,000 randomly chosen individuals from the total Swedish population born during the same period. Data on these individuals consisted of registered information from 2005. It was found that the labor market position of the deaf population was not as good as that of the reference population. It was also found that differences in sex, age, immigration background, level of educational attainment, and region of residence did not affect the difference between the two populations in regard to labor market position. Instead, deafness itself appeared to be a crucial factor. The study also indicated difficulties in finding long-term solutions to the deaf population’s problems finding employment.

  • 6.
    Rydberg, Emelie
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Coniavitis Gellerstedt, Lotta
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Danermark, Berth
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Toward an equal level of educational attainment between deaf and hearing people in Sweden?2009Ingår i: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, ISSN 1081-4159, E-ISSN 1465-7325, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 312-323Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Various educational reforms in Sweden have resulted in a formally equivalent educational system for deaf and hearing pupils. Has this resulted in equal levels of educational attainment? This article compares 2,144 people born between 1941 and 1980 who attended a special education program for the deaf and 100,000 randomly chosen individuals from the total population born between 1941 and 1980. Data consist of registered information about the individuals in the year 2005. Results demonstrate that the deaf population has a lower level of educational attainment than the reference population. Women have a higher level of educational attainment than men, and younger people have a higher level than older people in each population. Neither sex, age category, nor immigrant background accounts for the variance in the level of educational attainment between the populations. The educational reforms have not been sufficient to reduce the unequal level of educational attainment between deaf and hearing people.

    Education in Sweden for deaf and hearing people has differed historically. A significant difference is that deaf pupils attend special schools. However, the government has strived for equal education for the deaf and hearing. Various educational reforms have resulted in a formally equivalent educational system for deaf and hearing pupils. Has such formal equivalence also resulted in equal levels of educational attainment? The study presented here focuses on this question. Lower levels of unemployment and higher levels of income are associated with high levels of educational attainment (Welsh & Foster, 1991; Welsh & MacLeod-Gallinger, 1992).

    To be defined as deaf in this article, a person is to have a hearing loss at an early age and to have attended a special school for the deaf. The definition of deaf used in other sources referred to here varies in parts such as Education in Sweden and Level of Educational Attainment for Deaf People, but most define a deaf person as one who has attended a special educational program for the deaf.

1 - 6 av 6
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  • en-US
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