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  • 1. Gouldson, Andrew
    et al.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Wester-Herber, Misse
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    The battle for hearts and minds?: Evolutions in organizational approaches to environmental risk communication2004Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Wester-Herber, Misse
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Talking to me?: Risk communication to a diverse public2004Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis focuses on the process of communication of environmental risks. A basic assumption in this thesis is that even though ambitious risk communication efforts can take place, the intended recipients are left with a feeling of alienation: Talking to me? The thesis presents a review of theories developed in the field of risk communication research and theories concerning risk perception. Results in this thesis are based on the findings in four papers. The first two papers report results from traditional risk communication strategies that have taken place in Sweden in accordance with the Seveso II Directive. The third paper looks at how industry and organizations view participatory strategies that include stakeholders in risk debates. The fourth paper attempts to fuse together placeidentity and risk perception in order to broaden the understanding of environmental conflicts.

    The main results of this thesis can be summarized under three headings. First that there is no homogenous public in a risk communication context. Instead there seems to be a number of publics that differ in risk perception or have different environmental concerns. Second, strategies that tend to incorporate parts of the concerned public or stakeholders seem to work better than traditional risk communication efforts. Third, if discussion about risk are to be fruitful, the concept of risk needs to be broadened to include concerns that are not directly or apparently linked to issues of health or safety. Instead concerns such as local culture or local attachment need to be included. The purpose of this thesis is to suggest methods for communicating about environmental risks in order to make the affected public feel: Yes, you are talking to me.

    List of papers
    1. Gender and regional differences in risk perception: results from implementing the Seveso II directive in Sweden
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gender and regional differences in risk perception: results from implementing the Seveso II directive in Sweden
    2002 (English)In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 5, no 1, 69-81 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper attempts to investigate whether there are gender and regional specific differences in risk perception in three municipalities in Sweden. It focuses on differences between gender and region with regard to risk perception, issues of trust and credibility as well as attitudes towards local industry and emergency response behaviour. This study is based on results from a larger study investigating the Seveso II Directive in Sweden. The aim of this paper is to investigate how gender and regional differences appear and in what way they should be taken into consideration when it comes to implementing national laws that deal with information to the public. The results show that there are differences between gender consistent with earlier findings, and also that there are regional differences which may influence the risk communication effort. Men tend to report having more knowledge of the industrial activities in their community and estimate the possible effect of an accident to be smaller than do women. Regional comparisons show that there are local variations with regard to estimated knowledge and the credibility of a source. Attempts are made to explain the gender differences from a power/influence perspective, and attribute the local variations to specific cultural contexts.

    National Category
    Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3187 (URN)10.1080/13669870110075745 (DOI)
    Available from: 2004-09-14 Created: 2004-09-14 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
    2. Did they get it?: Examining the goals of risk communication within the Seveso II directive in a Swedish context
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Did they get it?: Examining the goals of risk communication within the Seveso II directive in a Swedish context
    2004 (English)In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 7, no 5, 495-506 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the success of a risk communication programme conducted in two municipalities in Sweden is evaluated. The communication efforts were initiated in order to comply with the Seveso II Directive, passed as a national law in July 1999. Data from two different questionnaires are used. Between the distribution of the two questionnaires, an information campaign took place in the communities. The first questionnaire was aimed at measuring the public's opinion and understanding of the risks related to chemical industries in their communities, as well as the public's knowledge of emergency behaviour in the event of an accident. The second was aimed at measuring the effects or impact of the risk communication programme on the public. A total of 346 respondents participated in the study by answering two questionnaires. An evaluation of the risk communication efforts was focused around three dimensions: comprehension, audience evaluation and communication failures. The results showed differences between the two campaigns that gave significantly different results in the two communities. In the community with the multimedia channel campaign, the respondents showed greater knowledge of the production process at the local industry, they also judged the health threats for that industry to be less after the campaign, and they saved the information material to a greater extent. However, the overall effects of the information campaigns were weak. Future research is needed to explore the relation between people's emergency behaviour and risk communication.

    National Category
    Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3188 (URN)10.1080/1366987031000074195 (DOI)
    Available from: 2004-09-14 Created: 2004-09-14 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
    3. The battle for hearts and minds?: Evolutions in organizational approaches to environmental risk communication
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The battle for hearts and minds?: Evolutions in organizational approaches to environmental risk communication
    2004 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    National Category
    Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3189 (URN)
    Available from: 2004-09-14 Created: 2004-09-14 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved
    4. Underlying concerns in land-use conflicts: the role of place-identity in risk perception
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Underlying concerns in land-use conflicts: the role of place-identity in risk perception
    2004 (English)In: Environmental Science and Policy, ISSN 1462-9011, E-ISSN 1873-6416, Vol. 7, no 2, 109-116 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In the last few years, debates over proposed usage of land for high-risk ventures have caused some debate, both in the affected communities as well as among policy makers. It has been recognized by industry and government agencies that the opinion and concerns of the local population has to be considered in order to mediate or reduce conflicts. Usually these concerns tend to focus on issues of health and safety in relation to the risk presented by different projects. It is suggested in this paper that the discussion needs to be expanded, especially if the proposed project can alter the esthetic appearance of the landscape. It is argued in this paper that the local attachment to a specific geographical place, also referred to as place-identity, needs to be included in discussions concerning industrial risks. Research in environmental psychology has suggested that place-identity is vital to a person’s identity and that this can be seen through four principles. In this paper, suggestions are made on how these four aspects of identity can be affected in a negative way if changes are made to a landscape by the introduction of a high-risk and stigmatized industrial venture.

    National Category
    Psychology
    Research subject
    Psychology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-3190 (URN)10.1016/j.envsci.2003.12.001 (DOI)
    Available from: 2004-09-14 Created: 2004-09-14 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
  • 3.
    Wester-Herber, Misse
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Underlying concerns in land-use conflicts: the role of place-identity in risk perception2004In: Environmental Science and Policy, ISSN 1462-9011, E-ISSN 1873-6416, Vol. 7, no 2, 109-116 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last few years, debates over proposed usage of land for high-risk ventures have caused some debate, both in the affected communities as well as among policy makers. It has been recognized by industry and government agencies that the opinion and concerns of the local population has to be considered in order to mediate or reduce conflicts. Usually these concerns tend to focus on issues of health and safety in relation to the risk presented by different projects. It is suggested in this paper that the discussion needs to be expanded, especially if the proposed project can alter the esthetic appearance of the landscape. It is argued in this paper that the local attachment to a specific geographical place, also referred to as place-identity, needs to be included in discussions concerning industrial risks. Research in environmental psychology has suggested that place-identity is vital to a person’s identity and that this can be seen through four principles. In this paper, suggestions are made on how these four aspects of identity can be affected in a negative way if changes are made to a landscape by the introduction of a high-risk and stigmatized industrial venture.

  • 4.
    Wester-Herber, Misse
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Warg, Lars-Erik
    Did they get it?: Examining the goals of risk communication within the Seveso II directive in a Swedish context2004In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 7, no 5, 495-506 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the success of a risk communication programme conducted in two municipalities in Sweden is evaluated. The communication efforts were initiated in order to comply with the Seveso II Directive, passed as a national law in July 1999. Data from two different questionnaires are used. Between the distribution of the two questionnaires, an information campaign took place in the communities. The first questionnaire was aimed at measuring the public's opinion and understanding of the risks related to chemical industries in their communities, as well as the public's knowledge of emergency behaviour in the event of an accident. The second was aimed at measuring the effects or impact of the risk communication programme on the public. A total of 346 respondents participated in the study by answering two questionnaires. An evaluation of the risk communication efforts was focused around three dimensions: comprehension, audience evaluation and communication failures. The results showed differences between the two campaigns that gave significantly different results in the two communities. In the community with the multimedia channel campaign, the respondents showed greater knowledge of the production process at the local industry, they also judged the health threats for that industry to be less after the campaign, and they saved the information material to a greater extent. However, the overall effects of the information campaigns were weak. Future research is needed to explore the relation between people's emergency behaviour and risk communication.

  • 5.
    Wester-Herber, Misse
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Behavioural, Social and Legal Sciences.
    Warg, Lars-Erik
    Gender and regional differences in risk perception: results from implementing the Seveso II directive in Sweden2002In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 5, no 1, 69-81 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper attempts to investigate whether there are gender and regional specific differences in risk perception in three municipalities in Sweden. It focuses on differences between gender and region with regard to risk perception, issues of trust and credibility as well as attitudes towards local industry and emergency response behaviour. This study is based on results from a larger study investigating the Seveso II Directive in Sweden. The aim of this paper is to investigate how gender and regional differences appear and in what way they should be taken into consideration when it comes to implementing national laws that deal with information to the public. The results show that there are differences between gender consistent with earlier findings, and also that there are regional differences which may influence the risk communication effort. Men tend to report having more knowledge of the industrial activities in their community and estimate the possible effect of an accident to be smaller than do women. Regional comparisons show that there are local variations with regard to estimated knowledge and the credibility of a source. Attempts are made to explain the gender differences from a power/influence perspective, and attribute the local variations to specific cultural contexts.

  • 6.
    Westin Hellertz, Pia
    Örebro University, Department of Social and Political Sciences.
    Kvinnors kunskapssyn och lärandestrategier?: En studie av tjugosju kvinnliga socionomstuderande1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker inledningsvis socionomutbildningen ur ett historiskt könsperspektiv; en yrkesförberedande utbildning som genom inträdet i universitetets organisation och strukturer och genom utvecklingen av det akademiska ämnet 'socialt arbete' successivt akademiserats på de traditionella villkor som format akademin genom århundraden, villkor som utvecklats av män för mäns bildning, samtidigt som de socionomstuderande kvinnorna utgör 82% av undervisningsgrupperna. Forskningen i socialt arbete har maskuliniserats genom att professorer och forskare i huvudsak är män. Huvudsyftet med studien är att undersöka hur denna majoritet av kvinnor, vars främsta syfte är att bli verksamma socialarbetare, ser på kunskap, på sig själva som lärande och hur de lär, d.v.s. vilka lärandestrategier de använder sig av inom ramen för dessa akademiska strukturer. Nästan hälften av de intervjuade kvinnorna kommer från arbetarklassbakgrund och den andra hälften från medelklassmiljöer. En mycket stor andel av kvinnorna ur medelklassmiljö har en psykosocialt svår uppväxtmiljö miljö bakom sig, med missbruk inom familjen, våld och sexuella övergrepp. En modell över kvinnornas lärandeprofiler, vilken bygger på kunskapsdimensionerna kunskapens källa, kunskapsinriktning, kunskapsorientering och kunskapsväg, visar att de intervjuade kvinnorna har mycket olika förhållningssätt till kunskap och till lärande. De flesta är dock i huvudsak "relationsorienterade praktiker" eller "relationsorienterade teoretiker". Ålder och tidigare erfarenheter har en viss betydelse i sammanhanget. Endast en liten andel är "distansorienterade teoretiker". Avslutningsvis föreslås att socionomutbildningen får en medvetet frigörande och transcenderande funktion avseende traditionella könskonstruktioner. Forskning omkring och praktiska erfarenheter av bl.a. feministisk pedagogik kan utgöra inspirationskällor för denna medvetandegörande och transcenderande didaktik.

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