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  • 1.
    Aramo-Immonen, Heli
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Carlborg, Per
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Geissinger, Andrea
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Hasche, Nina
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Kask, Johan
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Linton, Gabriel
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Nykvist, Rasmus
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Shahin Moghadam, Sarah
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Jussila, Jari J.
    Jyväskylä University, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Mustafee, Navonil
    University of Exeter Business School, Exeter, United Kingdom.
    Shams, Tawfiq
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Clustering the imp thought: searching roots and diversities in imp research2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IMP research is often treated as an empirical perspective describing complexities of repeated business-to-business exchanges and their embeddedness. While building on some common understandings and concepts, this paper asks: How homogeneous is the IMP research? This paper uses cluster analysis to capture the roots and various sub-groups of IMP research as means to depict the question of homogeneity (i.e. a core focus in the research) or heterogeneity (i.e. using references from other fields or specific to sub-fields) of the IMP thought. In this scientific work in progress paper we introduce how we design to use bibliographical methods in order to harvest data from an extensive amount of IMP-related articles written from the 1970’s onwards. In this first attempt to reveal IMP we used overall 294 articles yielded to 10,615 co-citation relationships. A threshold of minimum number of citations of a cited reference was set to five (5) to capture such references that have been cited in multiple publications. We introduce visual mapping of defined subject area clusters and as an example we describe shortly clusters. Perhaps not surprisingly our findings suggest that IMP research is not so homogenous, with at least four clear clusters of IMP-research each utilizing different key references.

  • 2.
    Cheung, Zeerim
    et al.
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Gustafsson, Robin
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Ernkvist, Mirko
    The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nykvist, Rasmus
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Environment Effects in Organizational Form Emergence: The Origin of Two For-Profit Stock Exchanges2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study sets out to advance our understanding on how organization environments induce highly embedded actors to take up new organizational forms. We conduct comparative historical study of two stock exchanges, Stockholm and Helsinki stock exchange, that became first and second in the world to take up the for-profit organizational model in 1993 and 1995 respectively. We use a large set of digitized archival data from the two settings to analyse organization environment incidents that developed in the two local settings and the organizational activities of the two stock exchanges. We found that external effects were moderated by local effects inducing organizational misfit to accumulate. Most interestingly we found that these environment-organization effects were exacerbated by peer interaction, joint exploratory work for a joint Nordic exchange, cross listings by firms, brokers starting operating at both stock exchanges, and regulatory harmonization work. This peer interaction induced analog competition and convergent guidelines for the new organizational form. Our contribution is to provide a nested model of environment effects on organization emergence and expose peer effects as previously unrecognized organization environment effects.

  • 3.
    Eriksson, Klas
    et al.
    Department of Economic History, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ernkvist, Mirko
    Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Laurell, Christofer
    Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden; Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Nykvist, Rasmus
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Sandström, Christian
    Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden; The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    A revised perspective on innovation policy for renewal of mature economies – Historical evidence from finance and telecommunications in Sweden 1980–19902019In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 147, p. 152-162Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What is the role of innovation policy for accomplishing renewal of mature industries in Western economies? Drawing upon an unusually rich dataset spanning 9752 digitized archival documents, we categorize and code decisions taken by policymakers on several levels while also mapping and quantifying the strategic activities of both entrant firms and incumbent monopolists over a decade. Our data concerns two empirical cases from Sweden during the time period 1980–1990: the financial sector and the telecommunications sector. In both industries, a combination of technological and institutional upheaval came into motion during this time period which in turn fueled the revitalization of the Swedish economy in the subsequent decades. Our findings show that Swedish policymakers in both cases consistently acted in order to promote the emergence of more competition and de novo entrant firms at the expense of established monopolies. The paper quantifies and documents this process while also highlighting several enabling conditions. In conclusion, the results indicate that successful innovation policy in mature economies is largely a matter of strategically dealing with resourceful vested interest groups, alignment of expectations, and removing resistance to industrial renewal. 

  • 4.
    Geissinger, Andrea
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Laurell, Christofer
    Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden; Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Sandström, Christian
    Chalmers University of Technology, GotheEburg, Sweden; The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden; Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Klas
    Department of Economic History, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nykvist, Rasmus
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Digital entrepreneurship and field conditions for institutional change – Investigating the enabling role of cities2019In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 146, p. 877-886Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital entrepreneurship may result in institutional turbulence and new initiatives are frequently blocked by vested interest groups who posit superior financial and relational resources. In this paper, we explore the role of cities in facilitating digital entrepreneurship and overcoming institutional resistance to innovation. Drawing upon two historical case studies of digital entrepreneurship in the city of Stockholm along with an extensive material on the sharing economy in Sweden, our results suggest that cities offer an environment that is critical for digital entrepreneurship. The economic and technological diversity of a city may provide the field conditions required for institutional change to take place and to avoid regulatory capture.

  • 5.
    Geissinger, Andrea
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nykvist, Rasmus
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Predicting network pictures – manager’s mental capacity to adumbrate change2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Geissinger, Andrea
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Nykvist, Rasmus
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
    Laurell, Christofer
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Exploring Changing Priors in the Wake of the Sharing Economy2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Geissinger, Andrea
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nykvist, Rasmus
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Laurell, Christofer
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Institutional orders in the sharing economy: Community as an answer to the state-market-interlock2018In: Academy of Management Proceedings, Academy of Management , 2018, article id 17365Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As the emergence of sharing economy firms changes existing institutional structures and bring forth increasing institutional complexity for firms, regulators and users alike, this paper aims to analyze how the public adhere to institutional orders in resolving emerging controversies associated with the sharing economy. By analyzing four cases of societal controversies concerning the accommodation sharing platform Airbnb in the Swedish market during 12 months between the years 2015-2016, we illustrate the ways in which the public adhered to three main institutional orders of state, market and community in resolving four identified controversies related to prostitution, racism, failure to pay taxes and housing shortage allegedly caused by the firm. In perspective to the ways in which extant literature emphasize state and market as fundamental institutional orders for resolving institutional complexity, our results highlights the role of community as a key institutional order situated in the intersection between the state and the market in the setting of the sharing economy.

  • 8.
    Gustafsson, Robin
    et al.
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Ernkvist, Mirko
    The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sandström, Christian
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Erik, Lakomaa
    Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nykvist, Rasmus
    The Ratio Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Cheung, Zeerim
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Towards an Integrative Digital History Approach in Organization Studies2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent developments in digitizing of historical data and advances in software tools for structured analysis of digitized historical data, are creating opportunities to unleash previously untapped ways to use historical data. We build on recent suggestions for methodological integration, for outlining an integrative digital history approach, with the methodological rigor to unleash creative synthesis of business history and organization studies. Methodological integration constitutes an inter-meshing of methods that takes place already from the outset of the research process and remains so throughout the collection of sources, interpretation, and analysis.  This places at the center a careful research design with a relational database for the collection and digitizing of data, structuring and coding of historical sources, historical interpretation, and analytics to be used. We outline key design issues, steps and processes for an integrative digital history approach.  Following, we present the strengths of this approach in comparison to existing ‘analog’ business history and organizational studies methods. We end the paper by discussing future avenues and opportunities for digital history.

  • 9.
    Nykvist, Rasmus
    Ratio, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The creation of a global firm: L.M. Ericsson and character virtues put into context2015In: Virtues in Entrepreneurship / [ed] N. Karlson, M. Norek & K. Wennberg, Stockholm: Ratio , 2015, p. 184-211Chapter in book (Other academic)
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