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  • 1.
    Ågren, Richard
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Johanna
    Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Århem, Peter
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Closed and open state dependent block of potassium channels cause opposing effects on excitability - a computational approach2019In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, no 1, article id 8175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Block of voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels has been demonstrated to affect neuronal activity described as increasing excitability. The effect has been associated with a closed-state dependent block. However, the block of Kv channels in e.g. local anesthetic and antiarrhythmics, is open state-dependent. Since the reduced excitability in this case mainly is due to sodium channel block, the role of the Kv channel block is concealed. The present investigation aims to analyse the specific role of state-dependent Kv channel block for excitability. Using a computational approach, with introduced blocked states in the Kv channel of the Frankenhaeuser-Huxley axon membrane model, we calculated the effects on threshold, firing and presynaptic Ca influx. The Ca influx was obtained from an N-type Cav channel model linked to the Frankenhaeuser-Huxley membrane. The results suggested that a selective block of open Kv channels decreased the rate of repetitive firing and the consequent Ca influx, thus challenging the traditional view. In contrast, presence of a closed-state block, increased the firing rate and the Ca influx. These findings propose that Kv channel block may either increase or decrease cellular excitability, thus highlighting the importance of further investigating the role of state-specific blocking mechanisms.

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