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  • 1.
    Hansson Nylund, Helena
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Public hearings as risk communication2008In: International Conference on Rhetorical Citizenship and Public Deliberation, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    A womanization of public discourse?: Reflections on rhetorical strategies used by Swedish female politicians2009In: Women's rhetoric: argumentative strategies of women in public life : Sweden & South Africa / [ed] Brigitte Mral, Nicole Borg, Philippe-Joseph Salazar, Åstorp: Retorikförlaget , 2009, 11-30 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    A womanization of public discourse?: Reflections on rhetorical strategies used by Swedish female politicians2011In: Scandinavian studies in rhetoric: Rhetorica Scandinavica 1997-2010 / [ed] Jens E. Kjeldsen, Jan Grue, Ödåkra: Retorikförlaget , 2011, 350-365 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this article is how women speaker's rhetorical preferences influence public language and the image of politicians. Int the case of contemporary women politicians in Sweden the emphasis lies more on a "womanization"of the public word rather than a "rhetoric of resistance". How women politicians speak and present themselves has set a pattern for public discourse. The framework of theoretical reflection is thereby opened to comprise issues of ethos, status and doxa more clearly, i.e. that the rhetorical practice is always dependent on the speaker's position in society's social and cultural power hierarchy, and answers to society's doxological preconceptions in relation to public discourse.

  • 4.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Att ta lärdom av goda exempel: tsunamihanteringen i Tyskland2013In: Krisretorik: retoriska aspekter på kriskommunikation / [ed] Brigitte Mral, Orla Vigsø, Åstorp: Retorikförlaget, 2013, 1, 47-65 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The tsunami disaster of Christmas 2004 struck without warning and many countries were faced with totally unforeseen problems. One of theese was how the citizens in the tourists’ home countries should be informed and how the political leaders should act in order to create as much trust as possible for the crisis management and for the actions taken in response to the catastrophe. This task was, as known, dealt with in different ways in the countries that were affected and among others Sweden received extensive critic for failure to act and for lacking in communicative ability. In this study one of the positive examples shall be in focus, more precisely the German government’s communicative actons taken the days after the catastrophe.

  • 5.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    Att ta ordet: Litteraturforstran och självbildning i tidig arbetarrörelse1995In: Arbetarhistoria : Meddelande från Arbetarrörelsens Arkiv och Bibliotek, ISSN 0281-7446, no 1-2, 27-30 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Attitude matters: attitydyttringar som retoriska medel2010In: Rhetorica Scandinavica, ISSN 1397-0534, no 56, 4-30 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rhetorical criticism refers primarily to studying and critically analyzing explicit expressions of actors in rhetorical situations: arguments, stylistic approaches, visual messages, etc. It can also refer to additionally mapping a more implicit, unspoken and elusive level of implications, for instance, as well as underlying values and premises. This article presents a discussion on yet another elusive but often decisive communication level that has received little attention within the study of rhetoric, namely communication attitudesand how they manifest themselves, verbally as well as non-verbally. When controversial issues are discussed, a personal engagement often colors the exchange. The attitude individuals or groups have developed regarding a certain issue greatly determines what is said and negotiated. Within a rhetoric context, Kenneth Burke discusses the concept of attitude and in interesting but undeveloped lines of reasoning suggests that his own model of dramatism, the pentad (Act, Scene, Agent, Agency, Purpose), be complemented with attitude as a sixth element. Burke seems to even see attitudes as the core of rhetorical, symbolic action. In this article, in relation to Burke but also to Michael Billig, a line of thought is developed regarding attitudes and attitude expressions as rhetorical tools, that is communicative factors that can certainly be unconscious but can also be chosen just like other rhetorical strategies can.

  • 7.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Attityder som retoriska medel: exemplet kärnavfallsfrågan2013In: Krisretorik: retoriska aspekter på kriskommunikation / [ed] Brigitte Mral, Orla Vigsø, Åstorp: Retorikförlaget, 2013, 1, 105-123 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rhetorical criticism refers primarily to studying and critically analyzing explicit expressions of actors in rhetorical situ ations: arguments, stylistic approaches, visual messages, etc. It can also refer to additionally mapping a more implicit, unspoken and elusive level of implications, for instance, as well as underlying va lues and premises. This article presents a discussion on yet ano ther elusive but often decisive communication level that has re ceived little attention within the study of rhetoric, namely communication attitudes and how they manifest themselves, verbally as well as non-verbally. Within a rhetoric context, Kenneth Burke discusses the concept of attitude in interesting but undeveloped lines of reasoning. He suggests that his own model of dramatism, the pentad (Act, Scene, Agent, Agency, Purpose), be complemented with attitude as a sixth element. Burke seems to even see attitudes as the core of rhetorical, symbolic action. In this article, in relation to Burke but also to Michael Billig, a line of thought is developed regarding attitudes and attitude expressions as rhetorical means, that is communicative factors that can certainly be un conscious but can also be chosen just like other rhetorical strate gies can.

  • 8.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Demagogens röst: Hitler som radiotalare2009In: Rhetorica Scandinavica, ISSN 1397-0534, no 51, 25-51 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How did Adolf Hitler’s demagogy manage to influence so many people for so long? This question has occupied both researchers and laymen ever since Hitler started to dominate the political scene during the early twenties. His success seems almost paradoxical for us today, now that in posterity we see him as a very dangerous, although in many ways quite ridiculous politician, whom was still able to gather the masses behind him when relying to a large extent on just the spoken word. How can we explain that such a person can lead a fairly sophisticated country from a budding, if chaotic democracy, to an extreme dictatorship in just a few short years?.

  • 9.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Demonstrative rhetoric in crisis situations: based on Germany's response to the tsunami2011In: Transnational and national media in global crisis: the Indian Ocean Tsunami / [ed] Kristina Riegert, Maria Hellman, Alexa Robertson, Brigitte Mral, Cresskill, N.J.: Hampton Press , 2011, 63-83 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    "Den nya kvinnan": Alva Myrdal och medierna på 30-talet1996In: Makten, medierna och myterna: socialdemokratiska ledare från Branting till Carlsson / [ed] Erik Åsard, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 1996, 175-215 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    Den offentliga kvinnan: kvinnliga talare vid sekelskiftet i Sverige1997In: Rhetorica Scandinavica, ISSN 1397-0534, no 2, 28-35 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Dominanz und Widerstand: Gender-Aspekte der Argumentationstheorie2006In: Mitsprache, Rederecht, Stimmgewalt: genderkritische Strategien und Transformationen der Rhetorik / [ed] Doerte Bischoff, Martina Wagner-Egelhaaf, Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter, 2006, 143-164 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    Emilie Rathou och tidningen Dalmasen/Svenska Medborgaren1999In: Presshistorisk årsbok: 1999, Stockholm: Föreningen Pressarkivets vänner , 1999, 59-75 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    "En liten entusiastisk skara jämnstrukna ynglingar": Gruppen kring Örebro-Kuriren 19051996In: Arbetarna tar ordet: språk och kommunikation i tidig arbetarrörelse / [ed] Olle Josephson, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 1996, 198-228 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    En studie i tre frikyrkoförlags utgivning kring 19901993In: Tro mot tradition?: om den frikyrkliga identiteten / [ed] Erik Amnå, Lena Johannesson, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 1993, 131-152 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    En vanlig agitationskampanj i Bergslagen 1895-961996In: Agitatorerna / [ed] Kurt Johannesson, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 1996, 50-90 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    Ett brev till bokförläggare Nils Magnus Lindh år 18011992In: Meddelande / Samfundet Örebro stads- och länsbiblioteks vänner, ISSN 0348-663XArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    "Ett förädlande nöjesliv": Folkrörelsekultur i Örebro 1928/291988In: Litteraturens vägar: litteratursociologiska studier tillägnade Lars Furuland / [ed] Bo Bennich-Björkman, Eric Johannesson, Sonja Svensson, Hedemora: Gidlunds förlag, 1988, 238-253 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    Framåt!: Marseljäsen i arbetarrörelsen1985In: Arbetarhistoria : Meddelande från Arbetarrörelsens Arkiv och Bibliotek, ISSN 0281-7446, no 4, 39-41 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Frühe schwedische Arbeiterdichtung: Poetische Beiträge in sozialdemokratischen Zeitungen 1882-19001985Book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Gelassenheit, Humor und Engagement: Actio-Strategien moderner schwedischer Politikerinnen2003In: Weibliche Rede - Rhetorik der Weiblichkeit: Studien zum Verhältnis von Rhetorik und Geschlechterdifferenz / [ed] Dörte Bischoff & Martina Wagner-Egelhaaf, Freiburg im Breisgau: Rombach , 2003, 321-352 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Gender aspects concerning the concept of "Strategic maneuvering"2006In: Considering Pragma-Dialectics: a festschrift for Frans H. van Eemeren on the occasion of his 60th birthday / [ed] Peter Houtlosser, Agnès van Rees, Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2006, 209-219 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Genus, status och motståndets retorik: att analysera maktrelationer i språket2014In: Retorisk kritik: teori och metod i retorisk analys / [ed] Otto Fischer, Patrik Mehrens & Jon Viklund, Ödåkra: Retorikförlaget, 2014, 1, 244-256 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln tar sin utgångspunkt i hur rätten att tala alltid har varit en fråga om makt. Med särskilt fokus på genus undersöks olika sätt att konceptualisera frågor om makt och retoriskt motstånd, så till exempel i form av tigandets retorik, av humor med mera. Utifrån dessa perspektiv synas debatten om näthat mot kvinnor, och vilka motståndsstrategier som formulerats.

  • 24.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    "Gerade wir Deutschen wissen, was Solidarität vermag": Tsunamikrisen som epidiktisk situation2008In: Rhetorica Scandinavica, ISSN 1397-0534, no 46, 36-55 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The tsunami disaster of Christmas 2004 struck without warning and many countries were faced with totally unforeseen problems. One of these was how the citizens in the tourists' home countries should be informed and how the political leaders should act in order to create as much trust as possible for the crisis management and for the actions taken in response to the catastrophe. This task was, as known, dealt with in different ways in the countries that were affected and among others Sweden received extensive critic for failure to act and for lacking in communicative ability. In this study on of the positive examples shall be in focus, more precisely the German government's communicative actions taken the days after the catastrophe.

  • 25.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    Herman Anders Kullberg (1772-1834): en översättare i det tidiga 1800-talet1994In: Nordisk tidskrift för bok- och bibliotekväsen, ISSN 0029-148X, Vol. 81, 91-106 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    Herman Anders Kullberg (1772-1834): Översättare2013Other (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    Inledning2016In: Tal / [ed] Petra Söderlund, Stockholm: Svenska vitterhetssamfundet, 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    Kata Dalström i talarstolen1996In: Agitatorerna / [ed] Kurt Johannesson, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 1996, 210-244 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    Kommunikativt handlande: teori och empiri i historisk belysning1994In: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, no 1-2, 17-26 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    "Kvinnor i egenskap av människor": Retoriska strategier i den svenska kvinnliga rösträttsrörelsen2013In: Retorikken i kampen om kvinnestemmeretten / [ed] Berit von der Lippe, Johan L Tønnesson, Oslo: Vidarforlaget AS, 2013, 169-194 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the rhetoric battle between the suffrage movement on the one side and its enemies on the other, through analyses of examples of arguments and counterarguments as well as a more in-depth analysis of two longer speeches – one from 1891 by temperance and peace activist and journalist Emilie Rathou, and the other from 1911 by Nobel prize-winning author Selma Lagerlöf .

  • 31.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    Kvinnors retorik: Konsten att välja rätt mask1995In: Retoriska frågor: texter om tal och talare från Quintilianus till Clinton tillägnade Kurt Johannesson / [ed] Christer Åsberg, Stockholm: Norstedts Förlag, 1995, 98-111 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Maktens språk - om Göran Perssons retorik2005In: Makten framför allt: en antologi om statsminister Göran Persson / [ed] Mats Ögren, Stockholm: Wahlström & Widstrand , 2005, 43-51 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    Malmö kvinnliga diskussionsklubb: ett forum för kollektiva läroprocesser vid sekelskiftet 19001994In: Dagsverken: 13 essäer i arbetets historia / [ed] Alf O. Johansson, Susanne Lundin, Lars Olsson, Lund: Historiska media , 1994, 110-135 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    "Medborgarrätten heter icke allenast pengar utan också byxor!": ironier, metaforer och analogier i kvinnornas rösträttsargumentation2001In: Rösträtten 80 år: en forskarantologi / [ed] Christer Jönsson, Stockholm: Justitiedepartementet , 2001, 43-53 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Motståndets retorik: om kvinnors argumentativa strategier2003In: Rhetorica Scandinavica, ISSN 1397-0534, no 27, 34-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    "My husband and our NATO allies ...": Hillary Clintons stödpropaganda under Kosovokriget2003In: Hur Kosovokonflikten kommunicerades: tre skrifter / [ed] Peter Berglez, Brigitte Mral, Thomas Listerman, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2003, 15-34 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    När tidningen var till för läsarna: lokalpress på 1700-talet1996Book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    "Någon annan än oss sjelva ha vi inte att lita på": Malmö kvinnliga diskussionsklubb 1900-19041996In: Arbetarna tar ordet: språk och kommunikation i tidig arbetarrörelse / [ed] Olle Josephson, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 1996, 160-197 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Olof Palme och retorikens paradoxer2002In: Politikern Olof Palme / [ed] Erik Åsard, Stockholm: Hjalmarson & Högberg , 2002, 160-167 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Retorik - demokratins förutsättning eller fiende?2006In: Om demokratins villkor: 2 / [ed] Mats Ekström ..., Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2006, 231-251 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Retorik i Sverige: en lägesbeskrivning1999In: Rhetorica Scandinavica, ISSN 1397-0534, no 12, 44-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Retorik i valrörelser2000In: Politikens rum och tomrum: valrörelsen 1998 / [ed] Ulla Moberg & Cathrin Andersson, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2000, 23-29 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Retorik på nätet2000In: RetorikMagasinet, ISSN 1403-9052, Vol. 7, 20-25 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Retorik, risk och kris2013In: Krisretorik: retoriska aspekter på kriskommunikation / [ed] Brigitte Mral, Orla Vigsø, Åstorp: Retorikförlaget, 2013, 1, 5-17 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Retorikanalys2000In: Metoder i kommunikationsvetenskap / [ed] Mats Ekström & Larsåke Larsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2000, 151-165 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Retorikanalys av medietexter2008In: Mediernas språk / [ed] Mats Ekström, Malmö: Liber , 2008, 1, 61-88 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 47.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
    Talande kvinnor: kvinnliga retoriker från Aspasia till Ellen Key2011 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    Talande kvinnor: kvinnliga retoriker från Aspasia till Ellen Key1999 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities. Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap.
    The Public Woman: Women Speakers Around the Turn of the Century in Sweden1999In: The changing tradition: women in the history of rhetoric / [ed] Christine Mason Sutherland & Rebecca J. Sutcliffe, Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 1999, 161-172 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Mral, Brigitte
    Örebro University, Department of Humanities.
    The rhetorical state of alert before the Iraqi war 20032006In: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, Vol. 27, no 1, 45-62 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Initiating an attack on another country is always a questionable venture, whether one chooses to call it war or prefers euphemisms such as conflict, incident, action or peacecreating measures. This study examines how the arguments were developed prior to the military actions in Iraq 2003. The events have been presented in vague and often distorted value terms and metaphors where war becomes peace, attacks becomes ‘pre-emptive defence’, military invasion becomes ‘change of regime’, occupation becomes ‘humanitarian intervention’.This study provides a diachronic survey of the chain of events from rhetorical perspectives, as well as a synchronic analysis of recurring rhetorical themes – especially of vague concepts and metaphors. Manipulation and lies has of course always been a basic ingredient of warfare. The question is what approach democratic societies should take in relation to self-evidently deceptive influencing of public opinion; to manipulative rhetoric and destructive propaganda.

12 1 - 50 of 69
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