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  • 1.
    Fredriksson, Carin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Hermansson, Liselotte
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Hagberg, Lars
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Ingvor
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Elderly spouses experiences of powered scooters used by their next of kinManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Fredriksson, Carin
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Hermansson, Liselotte M. N.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Hagberg, Lars
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Ingvor
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    The value of a powered wheelchair: spouses´ perspective2013In: Association for the Advancement of Assistive Technology in Europe Conference 2013 (AAATE 2013) / [ed] P Encarnação et al, Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 2013, 222-225 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research concerning the significance of assistive technology to spouses of persons who uses technology is sparse and the impact of a powered wheelchair on spouses' activity and participation is not at all researched. Thus, the aim was to explore how spouses experience the significance of a powered wheelchair prescribed to and used by their next of kin. A descriptive design with a qualitative approach focusing on the experiences of the spouses was used. The sample comprised of 10 spouses of elderly people that have been prescribed a powered wheelchair. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the ten spouses (nine women and one man). The participants were 65-86 years of age. The questions posed during the interview concerned: i) the significance of the powered scooter for personal everyday activities, participation and quality of life; ii) the significance of the scooter for shared activity and participation; and iii) the significance of the next of kin using a scooter, from the perspective of the spouse. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The results showed that the spouses experienced that their everyday life and life situation had changed in a positive way as their next of kin received a powered wheelchair. They experienced a sense of freedom that had an impact on their own activities as well as on the activities they performed together with their next of kin. The spouses expressed that they now to a larger extent shared responsibility for different tasks in the home and also how the powered wheelchair had made it possible to spontaneously do things together again and to do things with more ease. In conclusion, the narratives of the spouses of the elderly powered wheelchair users were to a great extent positive. The powered wheelchair was of great value and brought freedom to everyday life.

  • 3.
    Hagberg, Lars
    et al.
    Örebro University Hospital. Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Hermansson, Liselotte M.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Fredriksson, Carin
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Pettersson, Ingvor
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Cost-effectiveness of powered mobility devices for elderly people with disability2017In: Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, ISSN 1748-3107, E-ISSN 1748-3115, Vol. 12, no 2, 115-120 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyse the cost-effectiveness of prescribing powered mobility devices (PMDs) to elderly users.

    Methods: Forty-five persons participated in the preand post-intervention study with a follow-up at four months. All participants were prescribed a scooter model and were offered individual support to get started using the PMD. In the analysis, the use of the PMD was compared to the situation prior to its use. The cost-utility analysis takes a societal perspective and considers costs, savings and quality of life (QoL) using answers to the EQ-5D questionnaire.

    Results: Costs for the first year with the PMD were 1395 USD and then 592 USD per subsequent year. There was a significant decrease in transportation costs and in relatives' time use, but the increase in QoL of 0.041 was not significant. Costs per gained quality adjusted life year (QALY) were 12 400-14 700 USD/QALY if the value of time saved not was considered and 600-2900 USD/QALY when an hour was valued at 3.6 USD.

    Conclusion: Prescription of PMDs to elderly users might be cost-effective. However, there are shortcomings in measuring QALY gains from the use of a PMD, and it is unclear how time savings among relatives should be valued.

    Implications for Rehabilitation

    • Prescription of powered mobility devices for the elderly with disability seems to be cost effective and should be a standard intervention.

    • In economic evaluations of powered mobility devices and other assistive devices, the commonly used analyses methods are not always appropriate and therefore need to be adjusted.

  • 4.
    Hagberg, Lars
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Hermansson, Liselotte M. N.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Fredriksson, Carin
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Ingvor
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Värdet av en eldriven rullstol: hälsoekonomisk analys av förskrivning av eldrivna rullstolar till äldre personer med funktionsnedsättning2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Delresultat från en studie där man utvärderat om förskrivning av eldrivna rullstolar för äldre personer med bestående funktionsnedsättning och betydande förflyttningssvårigheter är kostnadseffektiv.

  • 5.
    Hermansson, Liselotte M. N.
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Hagberg, Lars
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Fredriksson, Carin
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Ingvor
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    The impact of powered wheelchairs on activity, participation and health related quality of life in older people2013In: Special Session Power mobility: User experiences and Outcomes, Association for the Advancement of Assistive Technology in Europe , 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6.
    James, Inger
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Fredriksson, Carin
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Wahlström, Catrin
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Kihlgren, Annica
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Blomberg, Karin
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Making Each Other’s Daily Life: Nurse Assistants’ Experiences and Knowledge on Developing a Meaningful Daily Life in Nursing Homes2014In: Open Nursing Journal, ISSN 1874-4346, Vol. 8, 34-42 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In a larger action research project, guidelines were generated for how a meaningful daily life could be developed for older persons. In this study, we focused on the nurse assistants’ (NAs) perspectives, as their knowledge is essential for a well-functioning team and quality of care. The aim was to learn from NAs’ experiences and knowledge about how to develop a meaningful daily life for older persons in nursing homes and the meaning NAs ascribe to their work. Methods: The project is based on Participatory and Appreciative Action and Reflection. Data were generated through interviews,participating observations and informal conversations with 27 NAs working in nursing homes in Sweden, and a thematic analysis was used.

    Result: NAs developed a meaningful daily life by sensing and finding the “right” way of being (Theme 1). They sense and read the older person in order to judge how the person was feeling (Theme 2). They adapt to the older person (Theme 3) and share their daily life (Theme 4). NAs use emotional involvement to develop a meaningful daily life for the older person and meaning in their own work (Theme 5), ultimately making each other’s daily lives meaningful.

    Conclusion: It was obvious that NAs based the development of a meaningful daily life on different forms of knowledge: theoretical and practical knowledge, and practical wisdom, all of which are intertwined. These results could be used within the team to constitute a meaningful daily life for older persons in nursing homes.

  • 7.
    Jönsson, Marie
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Department of Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Appelros, Peter
    Örebro University Hospital. Department of Neurology, Orebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Fredriksson, Carin
    Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
    Older people readmitted to hospital for acute medical care: Implications for occupational therapy2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 24, no 2, 143-150 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To compare ADL, cognitive function, risk of pressure sores, malnutrition and falls in older people readmitted to hospital.

    Methods: This was a comparative study. Persons ≥ 75 years, who were readmitted to hospital, were assessed using the ADL-taxonomy and the Mini Mental State Examination. Risks of pressure sores, malnutrition and falls were assessed using Risk Assessment Pressure Sores, Short-Form Mini Nutritional Assessment and Downton Fall Risk Index. Data for comparison for ADL were obtained from an earlier study and risk assessments from a national quality register.

    Results: Sixty persons were included whose median age was 84 years. The patients had a median of four diagnoses. The mean hospital stay was five days. Most patients were independent in food intake. There was a high degree of dependency in other ADL activities. Nineteen out of 48 patients had 24 point or lower in MMSE. Compared to an age-matched sample, these patients showed a higher risk of pressure sores, risk of falls and dependency in ADL.

    Conclusion: There is of importance to assess ADL, cognition, risk of falls and pressure sores to determine the needs of older people who are admitted to hospitals. Such assessments, and necessary interventions taken, may prevent unnecessary readmissions.

  • 8.
    Pettersson, Ingvor
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Hagberg, Lars
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Vårdvetenskapligt forskningscentrum, Örebro Läns Landsting.
    Fredriksson, Carin
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Hermansson, Liselotte M. N.
    Vårdvetenskapligt forskningscentrum, Örebro Läns Landsting, Örebro.
    Effekten av en eldriven rullstol (scooter) för äldre personer2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Att kunna förflytta sig är ofta en förutsättning för att kunna delta i olika aktiviteter, en eldriven rullstol kan bidra till detta.

    Syfte: Syftet var att undersöka effekten av en eldriven rullstol på äldre personers aktivitet, delaktighet och livskvalitet.

    Metod: Personer > 65 år som för första gången remitterats till Centrum för hjälpmedel; ÖLL, för utprovning av eldriven rullstol för utomhusbruk inkluderades konsekutivt. Mätning gjordes före förskrivning och efter 4 månaders användning av eldriven rullstol med olika instrument för aktivitet, delaktighet (Individually Prioritized Problem Assessment, IPPA och WHO-Disability Assessment Schedule, WHODAS 2.0) och hälsorelaterad livskvalitet (SF-36). Analyser genomfördes med t-test. Cohens d användes för beräkning av effektstorlek. För att klassificera deltagarnas självskattade aktivitetsproblem (IPPA) användes Klassifikation av funktionstillstånd, funktionshinder och hälsa (ICF).

    Resultat/preliminärt resultat: Fyrtiofem personer (m=78 år, 36 män, 9 kvinnor inkluderades, samtliga fick en trehjulig eldriven rullstol med manuell styrning förskriven (scooter). För hela gruppen visade resultatet en statistisk signifikant förbättring med stor effekt av scootern på personernas aktivitetsproblem (IPPA; n=164). Majoriteten av problem var inom områdena Hemliv (i huvudsak olika inköp) och Samhällsgemenskap, socialt och medborgerligt liv (rekreation och fritidsaktiviteter): För hela gruppen framkom små signifikanta förbättringar inom WHODAS 2.0 domän Delaktighet och inom SF-36 index Fysisk hälsa och delskala Fysiska roller. Vid subgruppsanalyser framkom medelstora signifikanta förbättringar för kvinnor inom domänen Delaktighet (WHODAS 2.0) och för män små förbättringar inom delskalorna Fysiska roller och Social funktion (SF-36).

    Slutsats: En eldriven scooter har ett stort positivt värde för äldre personers egna prioriterade aktiviteter och en liten effekt på hälsorelaterad livskvalitet.  

  • 9.
    Pettersson, Ingvor
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Hagberg, Lars
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Fredriksson, Carin
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Hermansson, Liselotte M N
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Department of Prosthetics and Orthotics.
    The effect of powered scooters on activity, participation and quality of life in elderly users2016In: Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, ISSN 1748-3107, E-ISSN 1748-3115, Vol. 11, no 7, 558-563 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim was to explore the effect of using a powered mobility device (PMD) on older peoples’ activity, participation and quality of life (QoL).

    Method: A pre- and post-intervention design with outcome measures for activity, participation (Individually Prioritized Problem Assessment, IPPA; World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule, WHODAS 2.0) and QoL (SF-36) were used. T-test was used to analyse the data. The magnitude of the effects was measured by Cohen’s criteria for effect sizes (d).

    Results: The sample consisted of 45 individuals (36 men) aged 66–88 years referred for prescription of a PMD. All were prescribed a powered scooter (PS). A statistically significant improvement with a large effect on IPPA in the ICF domains of Self-care (d¼2.47), Domestic life (d¼2.40), Interpersonal interactions and relationships (d¼2.08), and Community, social, and civic life (d¼2.36) was found. Medium-sized improvement on the WHODAS 2.0 domain of Participation and small improvements in the SF-36 domains of Physical Health and Role-Physical were also found.

    Conclusion: A PS has significant effects on the areas of activity, participation and QoL in elderly people. These findings have implications for prescriptions of a PS to this population.

  • 10.
    Pettersson, Ingvor
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Hermansson, Liselotte M N
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Hagberg, Lars
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Larsholt, Gunilla
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Fredriksson, Carin
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Värdet av en eldriven rullstol: fokus på äldre användare och anhöriga2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningen som redovisas i den här rapporten har studerat värdet av en eldriven rullstol för den primära användaren och dennes anhörige. Syftet har varit att få en djupare förståelse för hur förskrivning av en eldriven rullstol till äldre personer med funktionsnedsättning påverkar vardagen för äldre anhöriga.

  • 11.
    Sjöberg, Lis
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Department of Paediatrics, Limb Deficiency and Arm Prosthesis Centre, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Nilsagård, Ylva
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Örebro University Hospital. Centre for Health Care Sciences, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden.
    Fredriksson, Carin
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Life situation of adults with congenital limb reduction deficiency in Sweden2014In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 38, no 18, 1562-1571 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To describe the current life situation of adults with congenital limb reduction deficiencies (CLRD), living in Sweden, regarding their main daily occupation, leisure activities and self-reported general health.

    Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a study-specific questionnaire, sent by post. A hundred and seventeen persons with different extent, forms, and levels of CLRD (mean age 33 years) responded to the questionnaire.

    Results: Work or study was the main occupation for 86 % of the participants and 50 % had completed a college or university education. Seven per cent were unemployed and three per cent were on sick leave. The participants were highly involved in social and physical activities during leisure time. The majority reported good or very good general health.

    Conclusion: This study is the first investigation of the life situation of adults with CLRD described with a perspective from Swedish society. The participants were educated and worked to a great extent, which corresponds well to the Swedish population as a whole. Further research is needed especially with a focus on the internal perspective of life situation, different aspects of work capacity, occurences of strain injuries and the benefit of assistive devices among adults with CLRD.

  • 12.
    Tollén, Anita
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Fredriksson, Carin
    Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Kamwendo, Kitty
    Örebro University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Elderly persons' expectations of day-care rehabilitation2007In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 14, no 3, 173-182 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore elderly persons' conceptions of what they expected to gain from attending day-care rehabilitation centres (DCR). A purposeful sampling procedure was employed. Interviews with 22 prospective elderly day-care patients were carried out and analysed according to a phenomenographic approach. The analysis yielded eight categories. Two categories, Social contact and Exercise, described what the elderly persons expected to encounter. The remaining categories, A change from the monotony of everyday life, An opportunity to be yourself, A balm for the body, A safety net, A mastery of everyday activities, and An energizing spark, described the meanings of the encounters. Two categories were attributed to the elderly persons' physical presence at the centre and the gains were expected to end when the programme ended. In three categories the expected improvements were projected into the future and were expected to last. The findings imply that follow-up home visits and suggestions for alternative social activities in order to provide stimulation and social equality would be a valuable complement to the DCR programme. Rehabilitation personnel need to consider the ambivalent view on assistive devices as well as the elderly person's need for continuity when setting goals and planning individual programmes.

  • 13.
    Tollén, Anita
    et al.
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Fredriksson, Carin
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Kamwendo, Kitty
    Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Elderly persons with disabilities in Sweden: their experiences of everyday life2008In: Occupational therapy international, ISSN 0966-7903, Vol. 15, no 3, 133-149 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe the everyday life experiences of 22 elderly persons with physical disabilities in Sweden. The participants were aged between 65 and 91 years. Interviews were conducted and analysed according to a qualitative research approach. Disengagement in activities and social contacts resulted in feelings of resignation and dejection for some participants, while others delegated tasks as a satisfactory alternative. Participants also described how activities and social contacts continued, albeit in a different way, and being active and socializing gave feelings of pleasure and a sense of belonging. While receiving help was experienced as valuable, it also increased the fear of becoming dependent. Occupational therapy intervention should be directed at increasing social contacts and engagements in meaningful activities, as well as strengthening the individual's autonomy. The transferability of the study can be questioned as the sample only included elderly persons with physical disabilities from urban areas. Further research is needed to address the impact of occupational therapy interventions on life satisfaction.

1 - 13 of 13
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