oru.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
Begrens søket
1 - 25 of 25
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Algotson, S.
    et al.
    Allebarnsratten, Stockholm, Sweden; Sch Hosp Culinary Arts & Meal Sci, Univ Örebro, Örebro, Sweden.
    Öström, Åsa
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Sapere-taste lessons in Swedish pre-schools2010Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 20, nr Suppl. 1, s. 106-106Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Bodin, Lennart
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet. Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Evidence-based diagnosis2010Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 120-120Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3.
    Bortes, Cristian
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Geidne, Susanna
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    A longitudinal effect study of contract signing for preventing alcohol use among Swedish school children2015Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 25, nr Suppl. 3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Around 40% of the primary schools in Sweden have programs to prevent tobacco and alcohol use. One popular program is carried out by the Non-Governmental Organization SMART. The aim is to prevent or postpone alcohol, tobacco and other drug use among children through positive reinforcement and signing of contracts. The contract in this longitudinal study also contains items on good conduct behavior. Are there differences in youth problem behaviors between those who signed the contract all years versus those who signed the contract shorter time? What factors characterize those who signed the contract all the years compared to the others?                                                                         

    Methods: Students in five schools in a middle-sized municipality in Sweden answered class-room questionnaires in three waves: 7th (n=432), 8th (n=458), and 9th (n=422) grade. Response rates were 88%. Students are divided into three groups, based on response at T3 on many years of contract signing: long-attendees, short-attendees, sporadic- or non-attendees. A repeated measure ANOVA was conducted to analyze changes over time. Binge drinking was the outcome measure in this analysis. Identifying predictors for duration of the contract signing will be analyzed with multiple logistic regressions.                              

    Results: Short-attendees, 40%, signed contract only two to four consecutive years starting in 4th grade. Long-attendees, 22.5%, signed contract five to six years. Sporadic- or non-attendees, 20.5%, signed contract only in some non-consecutive, or none of the years. 17.2% missing-response. Long-attendees have significant lower levels of binge drinking in 9th grade (M=1.72) compared to short-attendees (M=2.43) and sporadic- or non-attendees (M=2.41). F(2,408) = 9.52, p=<.001.                                             

    Conclusion: Schools are an important setting for alcohol and tobacco prevention. Promising results were found regarding binge drinking for students that were long-attendees in the program. Further analysis of different outcomes and predictors, mediators and moderators is on-going.                                                                                                                  

    Key messages:

    Schools are an important setting for alcohol and tobacco prevention.

    There is a need for longitudinal evaluations of preventive programs in national contexts.

  • 4.
    Carlsson, H.
    et al.
    International Medical Program, Centre for Teaching and Research in Disaster Medicine, Linköping, Sweden.
    Blaku, V.
    Qendra e Mjekesise Urgjente, Qendra e Mjekesise Urgjente, Pristine, Kosovo.
    Lidberg, H.
    International Medical Program, Centre for Teaching and Research in Disaster Medicine, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hodza-Beganovic, Ruhija
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. International Medical Program, Centre for Teaching and Research in Disaster Medicine, Linköping, Sweden.
    Berggren, P.
    International Medical Program, Centre for Teaching and Research in Disaster Medicine, Linköping, Sweden; Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Implementing treatment guidelines for ambulance services in a low- and middle income setting2019Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 29, nr Suppl. 4, s. 515-515Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The use of clinical practice guidelines in clinical and organizational decision-making improves the care of patients and patient safety. Guidelines make healthcare consistent and efficient. In many low- and middle income countries healthcare workers depend on guidelines developed in higher income countries. For these to be useful and accepted they need to be adapted to the local setting. The aim of the study was to implement pre-hospital treatment guidelines into an organization that was not currently using guidelines. The study was partnership between a Swedish pre-hospital training organization and local ambulance service organizations in Kosovo.

    Methods: An iterative process of implementing the guidelines was used:

    • Identify guidelines appropriate for the local organization.
    • In sets of five, have the guidelines translated into Albanian.
    • Adapt the guidelines to the local conditions and context.
    • Approval of guidelines by an expert group.
    • Begin using the guidelines within the target organization.

    Results: The first set of five guidelines was translated, approved, and implemented into the organizations. To improve acceptance, both practitioners and decision-makers were involved in the process. Seven workshops were held, with a total of 104 participants. In follow-up discussions participants said they accepted the guidelines and that they would be useful in their daily work.

    Conclusions: It is important to evaluate to what extent the guidelines have been accepted, understood, and used. The success and acceptance is due to the flexible procedure managing the full implementation process. Adapting guidelines to fit with local needs and requirements using local experts made the guide-lines accessible and useful. The workshop discussions established justification and approval.

    Key messages:

    • Involve local experts in contextualising guidelines to increase acceptance from the start.
    • Support building a robust local implementation organization to assist and administer change.
  • 5.
    Eriksson, Charli
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Geidne, Susanna
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Larsson, Madelene
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Pettersson, C.
    A research strategy case study of alcohol and drug prevention by non-governmental organizations2011Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 21, nr suppl 1, s. 242-242Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Alcohol and drug prevention is high on the public health agenda in many countries. In Sweden in 2002 an innovative project portfolio including an integrated research and competence-building strategy for non-governmental organizations (NGOs) was designed by the National Board of Health and Welfare (NBHW).

    MethodsThe embedded case study includes 135 projects in 69 organizations and 14 in-depth process or effect studies. The data in the case study has been compiled using multiple methods - administrative data; interviews, questionnaires, focus group discussions and seminars; and documentation of implementation; consultations with the NBHW and the NGOs; and a literature review. Annual reports have been submitted each year and three bi-national conferences Reflections on preventions have been held.

    Results

    A broad range of organizations have been included in the NBHW project portfolio. A minority of the project were run by Alcohol or drug organizations, while a majority has children or adolescents as target groups. In order to develop a trustful partnership between practitioners, national agencies and researchers a series of measures were developed and implemented: meeting with project leaders, project dialogues and consultations, competence strengthening, support to documentation, in-depth studies and national conferences. A common element was that the projects were program-driven and not research-driven interventions. The role of researchers as technical advisors was suitable for the fostering of a trustful partnership for research and development. The independence of the NGOs was regarded as important for the momentum in the project implementation. The research strategy also includes elements of participatory research.

    Conclusions

    This research strategy case study shows that it is possible to integrate research into alcohol and drug prevention programs run by NGOs, and thereby contribute to a more evidencebased practice. A core element is developing a trustful partnership between the researchers and the organizations. Moreover, the funding agency must acknowledge the importance of knowledge development and allocating resources to a research group that is capable of cooperating with practitioners and NGOs.

  • 6.
    Eriksson, Charli
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Wall, S.
    On the need for mixed methods research in public health sciences2011Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 21, nr suppl 1, s. 137-138Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Fredriksson, Ingela
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Geidne, Susanna
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Green, Sofia
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Larsson, Madelene
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Pettersson, Camilla
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Alcohol, drug, tobacco and doping prevention by non-governmental organizations in Sweden 2003–20122015Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 25, nr Suppl. 3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:  In Sweden, there is a strong political belief that non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are important in health promotion and prevention, particularly in the areas of alcohol, drugs, doping and tobacco (ANDT). The Government therefore annually allocates about 2 million euros for this work. This study highlights the involved NGOs, added values and obstacles within NGOs ANDT prevention and conditions required for a successful preventive work.

    Method:  The study is based on 375 project grants including 190 unique projects implemented by 60 NGOs between the years 2003–2012 (Figure 1). In surveys every two years, a total of 168 questionnaires were answered by 112 different project leaders. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used for analysis.

    Results:  There is a wide range and variety of different NGOs working with ANDT prevention. Added value of NGOs prevention work is that they counterbalance the public sector, have a familiarity and cultural competence that are important for the target groups and they possess a unique force in its voluntariness. Perceived barriers are shortterm project funds, time constraints, limited target group, lack of knowledge and trust from the surrounding society. Successful ANDT prevention requires a well-functioning organization with clear structures and support functions, a goal-oriented and knowledge-based work, support from the public sector and R & D as well as collaboration between different actors.

    Conclusion:  With good organisational conditions and proper support NGOs can be an important complement to public ANDT prevention. They have an ability to reach and attract vulnerable target groups not reached by public interventions. There is a unique power and determination in NGOs.

    Main messages:  NGOs play an important role and are an important complement within ANDT prevention. NGOs uniqueness creates an important added value in ANDT prevention.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    ANDT prevention
  • 8.
    Fröding, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Community-academic partnership through a community-based participatory research process as knowledge production and action for a healthy and sustainable neighborhood2011Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 21, nr suppl 1, s. 59-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Fröding, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Geidne, J.
    School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro university, Örebro, Sweden.
    Elander, Ingemar
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Partnership for sustainable welfare development in four Swedish cities 2003-20092011Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 21, nr suppl 1, s. 17-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 10.
    Fröding, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Geidne, Susanna
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Larsson, Madelene
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Problematic gambling in deaf and hearing-impaired young people in Sweden2015Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 25, nr Suppl. 3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

     Background: Problematic gambling is a public health problem. Deaf and hearing-impaired young people are a high-risk group regarding health and lifestyles. There are indications that young people with disabilities gamble to a greater extent than adolescents without disabilities. Whether this applies specifically to the group deaf and hearing-impaired adolescents is a knowledge gap. This pilot study aims to investigate the prevalence and type of gambling problems in deaf students (16-19 years old) and to identify the group's risk and protective factors for problematic gambling.

    Methods: Data from the study Life & Health -Young People conducted in Örebro County, Sweden 2014 was used. This is a total, cross-sectional survey of young people's living conditions, lifestyles and health.  Students in grade 2 (17-18 years old) in upper secondary school were included in this study (n=2468, 75% response rate). A systematic search has also been conducted.

    Results: A systematic search of the literature of problem gambling in the hard-of-hearing group reveals that this is an un-researched area. This could be one of the first studies researching gambling problems in this particular target group. Around 17 % of the total sample has gambled for money several times a month. Almost 8 % of this sample has some type of hard-of-hearing. The first results indicate that the hard-of-hearing group is gambling for money to a higher extent than normal hearing students.

    Conclusions: There is a need to increase knowledge about gambling and problematic gambling in deaf and hearing-impaired adolescents. Knowledge about gambling in this target group will lay the foundation for the development of methods to counteract gambling problems which could improve the health within this high-risk group.

    Main messages: There is a lack of research on problem gambling in the hard-of-hearing group.

    There are indications that the hard-of-hearing group gambles for money to a higher extent than others young people.

  • 11.
    Geidne, Susanna
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Fredriksson, Ingela
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Leisure-time as a health-promoting setting: experiences from youth-centers in Sweden2015Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 25, nr Suppl. 3Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Leisure-time is an important part of young people’s lives. Despite this, leisure-time settings have hitherto had a minor role in setting-based health-promotion initiatives. Improving adolescents’ quality of leisure-time activities can reduce social differences in health. Youth centers can therefore be good settings for promoting health. However, young people with immigrant backgrounds participate less in organized leisure-time activities. The aim of the study is to increase awareness of the importance of young people's leisure-time activities in a health promotion perspective. Further questions like who participate and why, what they gain, and what particular strategies the different youth-centers use in their everyday work will be presented.                                                                           

    Methods: In this practice-based longitudinal study data were collected 2012-2014 at two youth-centers in multicultural, socially deprived suburbs using surveys with 12-16 year old adolescents (n=207). Individual interviews with staff (n=7) and focus-groups interviews with adolescents (6 groups, 50 % girls). Moreover individual interviews (n=3) were made with cooperation partners in the neighborhoods. Quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods were used for analysis.                                                                                           

    Results: Most of the participants are second generation immigrants. They feel healthy, enjoy school, and feel quite safe in their neighborhoods. They participate in youth-centers to do fun and interesting activities, to see friends as well as to have leaders that care about them. If factors like support from youth-center leaders, influence, gender equality or alcohol and drug rules are important for making adolescents use less alcohol or feel better will also be revealed. Strategies for recruiting youth to youth-centers are central to succeeding.    

    Conclusions: Youth centers can be health-promoting settings when their strategies include some important factors, both in theory and in daily practice.                                           Main messages: Leisure-time activities are underestimated health promoting settings. Youth-centers can be a health-promoting setting.

  • 12.
    Granrud, M.
    et al.
    Health and Nursing Sciences, Inland Norway University of Applied Science, Elverum, Norway.
    Anderzen-Carlsson, Agneta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. Region Örebro län. Department of Health Science, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Bisholt, B.
    Department of Health Science, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Steffenak, A. K.
    Health and Nursing Sciences, Inland Norway University of Applied Science, Elverum, Norway.
    Public Health Nurse and interprofessional collaboration related to adolescent mental health problems2019Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 29, nr Suppl. 4, s. 516-516Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mental health problems among adolescents account for a large portion of the global burden of disease and affect 10 - 20 % of children and adolescent worldwide. The public health nurse in the school health services is in the forefront for adolescents and play an important role in providing mental health. In order to identitfy and help the adolescents in secondary school with mental health problems the public health nurses are dependent on collaboration with other professionals. The aim of this study was to describe the variation in public health nurses perceptions of interprofessional collaboration related to mental health problems among adolescents in secondary school.

    Methods: This study has a qualitative design and individual interviews were analyzed with a phenomenographic approach. Eighteen public health nurses working in school health services, strategically selected from different counties, both urban and rural areas, were included to ensure variation in the phenomena.

    Findings: The analysis resulted in three descriptive categories: ’The formal structure has an impact on the interprofessional collaboration’, ’The public health nurse is an important but not always self-evident partner in interprofessional collaboration’ and ’The primary players are the teachers in collaboration ́.

    Conclusions: The findings demonstrated that public health nurses are important but not always included in interprofessional collaboration and they were dependent especially of teachers to achieve good collaboration. There were variations in how public health nurses perceived interprofessional collaboration from school to school, which may give the adolescents with mental health different services. The knowledge from this study may be essential to strengthen public health nurses positions and presence in the school health service, which will benefit the adolescents with mental health problems.

    Key messages:

    • The public health nurse need to work actively to be included in interprofessional collaboration.
    • The public health nurse are dependent on teachers and principals to achieve good collaboration.
  • 13.
    Hodza-Beganovic, Ruhija
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. International Medical Program-IMP, Centre for Teaching and Research inDisaster Medicine, Region Östergötland, Linköping, Sweden.
    Berggren, P.
    International Medical Program-IMP, Centre for Teaching and Research inDisaster Medicine, Region Östergötland, Linköping, Sweden; Linköping University, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hugelius, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Edelbring, Samuel
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Survey-based experiential learning - means of raising professional awareness in developing countries2019Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 29, nr Suppl. 4, s. 586-586, artikkel-id ckz186.547Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Healthcare in post-war Balkans is still under development. Healthcare changes towards more complex clinical scenarios that need different competencies around patients. This study reports on survey based learning to increasing professional awareness for developing sustainable healthcare settings using an experiential learning approach.

    Methods: In this study, researchers and educators identified non-technical skills concepts on individual, team, and organizational levels. These concepts were contextualized into the local setting through interactive workshops. Two pediatric surgery clinics in Kosovo and Bosnia and Herzegovina participated who were part of an international clinical skills training project. The tools and surveys were: Johari window, Kolb’s learning style questionnaire, team members exchange quality scale, the IPEC framework for interprofessional competence, Team STEPPS observation tool and organizational models.

    Results: A model is developed for contextualizing core concepts on professional awareness into a local developing healthcare setting. It entails three steps conducted in consecutive workshops: Identifying research-based concepts on professional compe-tence on individual, team and organizational levels. Facilitating local contextualization of these concepts by using surveys in interactive workshops. Agreeing on indicators to maintain high professional awareness.

    Conclusions: Capacity-building in public health can be conducted through increasing professional awareness. Professional awareness can be approached in individual, team and organizational dimensions. Established core concepts of non-technical skills can be contextualized in other cultures through a survey-based experiential learning approach.

    Key messages:

    • Professional individual, team and organizational awareness is a vital part of conducting efficient healthcare.
    • The professional awareness can be enhanced through processing core concepts in a local context through facilitated workshops.
  • 14.
    Hodza-Beganovic, Ruhija
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. International Medical Program, Centre for Teaching and Research in Disaster Medicine, Linköping, Sweden.
    Carlsson, H.
    International Medical Program, Centre for Teaching and Research in Disaster Medicine, Linköping, Sweden.
    Lidberg, H.
    International Medical Program, Centre for Teaching and Research in Disaster Medicine, Linköping, Sweden.
    Blaku, V.
    Emergency Medical Services, Emergency Centre, Pristina, Kosovo.
    Berggren, P.
    International Medical Program, Centre for Teaching and Research in Disaster Medicine, Linköping, Sweden; Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Implementation and development of guidelines in the emergency services in Kosovo - PARIHS framework2019Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 29, nr Suppl. 4, s. 535-535Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The aim of this project is to create understanding on the determinant factors enhancing adherence to treatment guidelines for the emergency medical services in Kosovo (EMSK). Focus is on barriers, and enablers while introducing the guidelines. It is aiming to create clearance and understanding of how and why the implementation outcomes are achieved. The factors influencing implementation will be mapped in three main domains. The domains are part of the determinant framework Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (PARIHS). Each of the domains is further divided into sub-constructs.

    Methods: The process of implementing treatment guidelines into the emergency medical services in Kosovo was observed and documented by 4 researchers, using a participatory research design. The PARIHS framework that consists of three core components: evidence, context, and facilitation was applied to make clarity on what works better and why, in order to achieve the outcomes of the implemented guidelines.

    Results: The preliminary results have shown that the three constructs have an important role in the process of implementation. The domain evidence determined the way the evidence based practice is conceived in this particular setting. The domain context concerns the organization and teamwork shaped challenges and possibilities for adherence to the guidelines. The role of an external facilitator was of specific importance.

    Conclusions: The PARIHS framework serves in both practical and theoretical planning of an intervention. In the present project it provides clarity on planning of the process, while also offer understanding of the elements that contribute to the sustainability of the intervention. Finally the lessons from the approach can be replicated in similar context.

    Key messages:

    • Implementation projects can be more successful suing a framework to direct the effort.
    • Such interventions should be premised with clarity on the evidence, the local context, and facilitation factors.
  • 15.
    Johnson, S.
    et al.
    Universite ́ Côte d’Azur, LAMHESS, Nice, France.
    Vuillemin, A.
    Universite ́ Côte d’Azur, LAMHESS, Nice, France.
    Geidne, Susanna
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. Division of Sport Science.
    Kokko, S.
    University of Jyväskylä, Research Center for Health Promotion, Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Epstein, J.
    University of Lorraine, APEMAC, Nancy, France.
    Van Hoye, A.
    University of Lorraine, APEMAC, Nancy, France.
    Measuring health promotion in a sports club setting: a modified Delphi study2019Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 29, nr Suppl. 4, s. 559-560Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The settings-based approach has become an increasing focus in health promotion since the World Health Organization’s 1986 Ottawa Charter. Schools and cities have implemented this approach, but development within sports clubs is limited. Thus, an internationally validated measurement of health promotion within this setting is lacking.

    Methods: A modified Delphi study was completed to develop an international evaluation tool grounded in the settings-based approach. Expert panelists from academia, sports and health sectors were invited to participate in 3 online rounds. Items were generated or selected based on 3 prior Delphi-based studies and 2 nationally validated scales. Round one created a collaborative list of items, round two validated items based on relevance, importance and feasibility and the final round classified items into one of four determinants: cultural, social, environmental or economic.

    Results: Panelists (69) from 13 countries participated in creating a final list of 62 items at 3 organizational levels. The sports club level included; 5 cultural, 6 social, 6 environmental and 5 economic items. The management level included; 5 cultural, 5 social, 5 environmental and 3 economic items. The coaching level included; 5 cultural, 5 social, 4 environmental and 4 economic items.

    Conclusions: This study provides three important innovations; 1- it is rooted in theory through the settings-based approach, 2- the measurement tool includes three levels within sports clubs, capturing a whole club dynamic and 3- all items included in the tool have been validated by an international panel of experts.

    Key messages:

    • This 62-item measurement tool allows the comparison of perceptions from participants, coaches and management regarding how health is promoted within their sports club.
    • This information offers insight on the capacity of sports clubs to implement and monitor policies and practices on the promotion of health beyond sports performance within their organization.
  • 16.
    Justesen, L.
    et al.
    Department of Nursing and Nutrition, University College Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Walter, Ute
    Örebro universitet, Restaurang- och hotellhögskolan.
    Kristensen, N. H.
    Department of People and Technology, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark.
    Beck, A. M.
    Department of Nursing and Nutrition, University College Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    The Breakfast Club - co-creational meal practices as rehabilitation strategies in nursing homes2019Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 29, nr Suppl. 4, s. 178-179Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A growing aging population demands new welfare public health activities in nursing homes. Involving residents in meal activity through a co-creational approach as part of a rehabilitation strategy has been suggested as a solution, but knowledge is limited. This project explore how co-creational meal practices in a breakfast club might improve residents’ food related functionality and quality of life.

    Methods: The project is designed as a three-year complex intervention study in a Danish nursing home. A breakfast club is held with 4-5 residents (16 all together) and 2-6 staff members on a weekly basis during a period of 10 month. Residents are on shift hosting the club and all members are preparing the meal together. The degree of food related functionality is assessed after each club and is analyzed through paired t-test on mean values. Semi-structured interviews in combination with Research Driven Photo-Elicitation is conducted with 16 residents and 8-10 staff members before, during and after holding the clubs in order to evaluate quality of life and potentials for implementing meal practices to everyday practices. A hermeneutic analysis strategy is applied.

    Results: Preliminary results from 12 breakfast clubs finds an increase in residents food related functionality. Data will be presented in November 2019. All residents express impact on quality of life independent of physical or mental state. Improved functionality is not the main value for participation in the breakfast club. Staff became aware of utilizing residents food related functionality.

    Conclusions: The study will contribute with new knowledge about whether co-creational meal activities could have a positive effect on functional abilities and improve health-related quality of life in residents in nursing homes. A meal practice based on co-creation has potential to become implemented as a public health activity in nursing homes and increase residents’ quality of life and food related functionality.

  • 17.
    Källstrand-Eriksson, J.
    et al.
    School of Social and Health Sciences, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Baigi, A.
    General Practice and Public Health, Halland County Council, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Buer, Nina
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Hildingh, C.
    School of Social and Health Sciences, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Perceived functional visual impairment and risk of falling in a non-institutionalized elderly population in Sweden2012Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 22, nr Suppl. 2, s. 106-106Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Falls and fall injuries among the elderly population is an important public health issue today since ageing is an independent risk factor of falling and because of an increasing elderly population. Falls and fall injuries are associated with high healthcare costs but also considerable suffering for the individual. According to the Swedish National Health Institute the costs of deterioration in quality of life caused by accidental falls are calculated to be twice as high as the direct costs such as medical treatment, healthcare and rehabilitation. There are various predictive factors of falling and visual impairment isone of them. It is well known that visual impairment occurs increasingly as people age. Usually, only visual acuity is considered when measuring visual impairment, but nothing regarding a person’s functional visual ability is taken into account.

    Methods: Therefore, the aim of our study was to assess the perceived vision-targeted health status among non-institutionalized elderly living in the community using the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25) and to investigate whether there was any association between the vision-targeted health status and falls. There were 212 randomly selected elderly participants in the study.

    Results: The results showed that general health was the only variable significantly associated with falls both among men (p = 0.011) and women (p = 0.029). However, among men, distance activities (p = 0.033), such as going down steps, or curbs in dim light, and peripheral vision (p = 0.048) such as difficulties in noticing objects off to the side while walking along, were significantly associated with falling. Near activities (p = 0.005), color vision (p = 0.002) and dependency (p = 0.022) as well as social functioning (p = 0.014) and role difficulties (p = 0.000) were also significantly associated with falling among men.

    Conclusions: To meet the demands from an increasing elderly population, a more holistic approach of the visual function is needed when identifying elderly individuals at risk of falling

  • 18. Larsson, M.
    et al.
    Pettersson, C.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Design and participation in parents together, a longitudinal intervention study of a parental support program2011Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 21, nr Suppl. 1, s. 248-248Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Löve, J.
    et al.
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Mehlig, K.
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Källström, Åsa
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Hensing, G.
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gunnarsdottir, H.
    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Health Sciences, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Parents' socioeconomic position, psychological problems, and emotional neglect in childhood2019Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 29, nr Suppl. 4, s. 365-366Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Despite high prevalence and severe consequences for health and wellbeing, emotional neglect (EN) in childhood is a neglected topic in epidemiological research. To enable prevention of neglect knowledge is important about conditions related to EN such as parental individual characteristics and social/economic situation. Aim to investigate the relationship between parental socioeconomic position (SEP), psychological problems, and EN in childhood.

    Methods: The sample comprised Swedish women, N = 976, mean age 22. EN was assessed by five indicators: maternal/paternal rejection, maternal/paternal lack of time, and occurrence of domestic violence. The associations between parental SEP/psychological problems and EN were examined by logistic regressions.

    Results: The odds of experiencing domestic violence in childhood was higher among women with parents with low (OR 3.1 95% CI 1.1-8.5) or medium SEP (OR 3.4 95% CI 1.7-6.9). Women who reported maternal psychological problems had higher odds of maternal rejection (OR 6.8 95% CI 3.5-13.0), maternal lack of time (OR 2.4 95% CI 1.2-5.0) and paternal rejection (OR 1.9 95% CI 1.1-3.5). Women who reported paternal psychological problems had higher odds of perceiving their father as rejecting (OR 4.0 95% CI 2.1-7.7), not having enough time for them (OR 4.9 95% CI 2.3-10.6), and experiencing domestic violence (OR 4.9 95% CI 2.1-11.6).

    Conclusions: Lower SES was not related to EN in form of parental rejection or lack of time but to the occurrence of domestic violence. Parental psychological problems were related to all indicators of EN but differently among mothers and fathers. Public health initiatives aiming at supporting parents should also embrace parental psychological wellbeing.

    Key messages:

    • Emotional neglect was clearly related to parental psychological problems but not parental socioeconomic status.
    • Gendered structures need to be considered in studies of emotional neglect.
  • 20.
    Melinder, Carren
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Hiyoshi, Ayako
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Kasiga, Teresa
    Halfvarson, Jonas
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Department of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Fall, Katja
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper.
    Montgomery, Scott
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK; Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Resilience to stress and risk of gastrointestinal infections2018Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 364-369Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Exposure to psychological stress can elicit a physiological response that may influence characteristics of the gastrointestinal mucosa, including increased intestinal permeability, in turn possibly increasing susceptibility to gastrointestinal infections. We investigated whether low stress resilience in adolescence is associated with an 'increased' risk of gastrointestinal infections in subsequent adulthood.

    Methods: Data were provided by Swedish registers for a cohort of 237 577 men who underwent military conscription assessment in late adolescence (1969-76). As part of the assessment procedure, certified psychologists evaluated stress resilience through semi-structured interviews. The cohort was followed from conscription assessment until 31 December 2009 (up to age 57 years). Cox regression assessed the association of stress resilience with gastrointestinal infections (n = 5532), with adjustment for family background measures in childhood and characteristics in adolescence. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) in adulthood was modelled as a time-dependent covariate.

    Results: Compared with high stress resilience, lower stress resilience was associated with a 'reduced' risk of gastrointestinal infections after adjustment for family background in childhood, characteristics in adolescence and PUD in adulthood, with hazard ratios (and 95% confidence intervals) of 0.88 (0.81-0.97) and 0.83 (0.77-0.88) for low and moderate stress resilience, respectively.

    Conclusion: Lower stress resilience in adolescence is associated with reduced risk of gastrointestinal infections in adulthood, rather than the hypothesized increased risk.

  • 21. Molarius, Anu
    et al.
    Berglund, Kenneth
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Lambe, Mats
    Nordstrom, Eva
    Eriksson, Hans G.
    Feldman, Inna
    Socioeconomic conditions, lifestyle factors, and self-rated health among men and women in Sweden2007Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 125-133Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Socioeconomic conditions and lifestyle factors have been found to be related to self-rated health, which is an established predictor of morbidity and mortality. Few studies, however, have investigated the independent effect of material and psychosocial conditions as well as lifestyle factors on self-rated health. Methods: The association between socioeconomic conditions, lifestyle factors, and self-rated health was investigated using a postal survey questionnaire sent to a random population sample of men and women aged 18-79 years during March-May 2000. The overall response rate was 65%. The area investigated covers 58 municipalities in the central part of Sweden. Multivariate odds ratios for poor self-rated health were calculated for a range of variables. A total of 36 048 subjects with full data were included in the analysis. Similar analyses of the influence of working conditions were conducted among those employed aged 18-64 years (17 820 subjects). Results: The overall prevalence of poor self-rated health was 7% among men and 9% among women. Poor self-rated health was most common among persons who had been belittled, who had experienced economic hardship, who lacked social support, or who had retired early. A low educational level was independently associated with poor self-rated health among men, but not among women. Physically inactive as well as underweight and obese subjects were more likely to have poor self-rated health than other subjects. Working conditions associated with poor self-rated health were dissatisfaction with work, low job control and worry about losing one's job. Conclusion: While a cross-sectional study does not allow definite conclusions as to which factors are determinants and which are consequences of poor self-rated, the present findings support the notion that both psychosocial and material conditions as well as lifestyle factors are independently related with poor self-rated health.

  • 22.
    Molarius, Anu
    et al.
    Competence Centre for Health, Västmanland County Council, Västerås, Sweden; Department of Public Health, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Lindén-Boström, Margareta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. Department for Sustainable Development, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Granström, Fredrik
    Centre for Clinical Research Sörmland, Uppsala University, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Jan
    University Health Care Research Center, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
    Obesity continues to increase in the majority of the population in mid-Sweden: a 12-year follow-up2016Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 622-627Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The aim was to investigate trends in the prevalence of obesity by age and level of education in the general population in mid-Sweden from year 2000 to 2012.

    Methods: A postal questionnaire was sent to a random population sample aged 25-74 years in years 2000, 2004, 2008 and 2012. The overall response rates were 67%, 65%, 60% and 53%, respectively, and the study included 29 017, 27 385, 25 910 and 24 152 respondents, respectively. Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) was based on self-reported weight and height.

    Results: The age-standardized prevalence of obesity increased from 13% to 17% in women and from 12% to 17% in men between 2000 and 2012. Obesity increased in all age groups from 2000 to 2008 and continued to increase among the middle aged (45-64 years) between 2008 and 2012. The socioeconomic gradient in obesity changed during the study period since the absolute increase in obesity was steepest at the middle educational level. In 2012, the prevalence of obesity was almost twice as high at both middle and low educational levels compared with high educational level. The 'true' prevalence of adult obesity, corrected for self-reported weight and height, was around 20% in 2012 for both men and women.

    Conclusion: In the majority, among the middle-aged and those with secondary education, the prevalence of obesity continued to increase even between 2008 and 2012.

  • 23.
    Ryen, Linda
    et al.
    Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Svensson, Mikael
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet. Health Metrics, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Modelling the cost-effectiveness of impact-absorbing flooring in Swedish residential care facilities2016Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 26, nr 3, s. 407-411Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Fall-related injuries among the elderly, specifically hip fractures, cause significant morbidity and mortality as well as imposing a substantial financial cost on the health care system. Impact-absorbing flooring has been advocated as an effective method for preventing hip fractures resulting from falls. This study identifies the cost-effectiveness of impact-absorbing flooring compared to standard flooring in residential care facilities for the elderly in a Swedish setting.

    Method: An incremental cost-effectiveness analysis was performed comparing impact-absorbing flooring to standard flooring using a Markov decision model. A societal perspective was adopted and incremental costs were compared to incremental gains in quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). Data on costs, probability transitions and health-related quality of life measures were retrieved from the published literature and from Swedish register data. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis was performed through a Monte Carlo simulation.

    Results: The base-case analysis indicates that the impact-absorbing flooring reduces costs and increases QALYs. When allowing for uncertainty we find that 60% of the simulations indicate that impact-absorbing flooring is cost-saving compared to standard flooring and an additional 20% that it has a cost per QALY below a commonly used threshold value

    Conclusions: Using a modelling approach, we find that impact-absorbing flooring is a dominant strategy at the societal level considering that it can save resources and improve health in a vulnerable population.

  • 24.
    Schölin, Lisa
    et al.
    Nursing Studies, School of Health in Social Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK; Public Health Institute, John Moores University, Liverpool, UK.
    Hughes, Karen
    Public Health Wales, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.
    Bellis, Mark A.
    Public Health Wales, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.
    Eriksson, Charli
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Porcellato, Lorna
    Public Health Institute, John Moores University, Liverpool, UK.
    Exploring practices and perceptions of alcohol use during pregnancy in England and Sweden through a cross-cultural lens2018Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 533-537Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Qualitative studies have aimed to understand why some women continue to drink during pregnancy; however, there is a lack of comparative cross-cultural research. We aimed to explore perceptions and practices of alcohol use during pregnancy in England and Sweden.

    Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 parents in Merseyside, England and 22 parents in Örebro County, Sweden. Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim and translated. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis.

    Results: The majority of women in both countries abstained from alcohol when they found out they were pregnant, despite alcohol being part of many social contexts before pregnancy. Nine of the seventeen English women drank at some point during pregnancy, typically on special occasions. Most parents felt women should modify their alcohol intake when they become mothers, though several English parents argued that responsible motherhood did not necessarily equate to abstinence. Swedish parents held strong opinions against drinking during pregnancy and argued that any amount of alcohol could harm the foetus. English parents' opinions were divided; some were skeptical of whether low to moderate drinking was associated with risks.

    Conclusions: Practices and attitudes towards alcohol use during pregnancy and views on foetal rights and responsibilities of pregnant women differed in England and Sweden. Shared social norms around drinking may be shaped within the policy context of pregnancy drinking guidelines, determining whether women consume alcohol or not.

  • 25.
    Yngve, Agneta
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci Novum, Unit Prevent Nutr, Stockholm, Sweden.
    De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse
    Univ Ghent, Dept Movement & Sport Sci, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
    Wolf, Alexandra
    Austrian Agcy Hlth & Food Safety, Vienna, Austria.
    Grjibovski, Andrej
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci Novum, Unit Prevent Nutr, Stockholm, Sweden; Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Div Epidemiol, Oslo, Norway.
    Brug, Johannes
    Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Due, Pernille
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Social Med, DK-1168 Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Ehrenblad, Bettina
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci Novum, Unit Prevent Nutr, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Elmadfa, Ibrahim
    Univ Vienna, Inst Nutr Sci, A-1010 Vienna, Austria.
    Franchini, Bela
    Univ Porto, Fac Nutr & Food Sci, Oporto, Portugal.
    Klepp, Knut-Inge
    Univ Oslo, Dept Nutr, Fac Med, N-0316 Oslo, Norway.
    Poortvliet, Eric
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Biosci Novum, Unit Prevent Nutr, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rasmussen, Mette
    Univ Copenhagen, Dept Social Med, DK-1168 Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Thorsdottir, Inga
    Landspitali Univ Hosp, Unit Nutr Res, Reykjavik, Iceland.
    Perez Rodrigo, Carmen
    Community Nutr Unit, Bilbao, Spain.
    Differences in prevalence of overweight and stunting in 11-year olds across Europe: The Pro Children Study2008Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 126-130Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To assess country differences in prevalence of overweight, obesity, underweight and stunting in the Pro Children Survey.Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted in a random sample of schools in nine European countries in 2003. The subjects were 8317 11-year-old children from Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Iceland, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain and Sweden. Parents reported height and weight of the children, and BMI values were analysed using the US Centers of Disease Control and Prevention and the International Obesity Task Force reference populations. Continuous variables were compared with one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Games-Howell post hoc tests. Categorical variables were analysed using chi-square tests.Results: The prevalence of overweight + obesity varied between the countries from 8.6% to 30.6% and 5.9% to 26.5%, respectively, depending on the reference population, with the lowest prevalence in Dutch girls, the highest in Portuguese boys. Obesity prevalence varied from 1.1% (Dutch and Danish girls) to 10.7% (Portuguese boys) and from 0.3% (Dutch girls) to 6.2% (Portuguese boys), respectively. Portugal and Spain had the highest prevalence of overweight and obesity for both genders. The ranking of the countries according to overweight and obesity prevalence was roughly the same, independent of reference population. The prevalence of underweight varied from 2.3% (Swedish boys) to 12.3% (Belgian boys), using the American reference population. The proportion of stunted children was highest in Portugal, Spain and Belgium.Conclusions: The highest levels of overweight, obesity and stunting in the pro children material are found in Portugal and Spain.

1 - 25 of 25
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf