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  • 1.
    Colins, Olivier
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete. Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium-Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Hawes, Samuel W.
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh PA, USA.
    Bijttebier, Patricia
    Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Pardini, Dustin A.
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh PA, USA.
    Psychometric Properties of the Original and Short Form of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits in Detained Female Adolescents2016Inngår i: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, ISSN 0009-398X, E-ISSN 1573-3327, Vol. 47, nr 5, s. 679-690Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the psychometric properties of the self-report version of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits in 191 detained female adolescents (M = 15.76, SD = 1.02). Evidence supporting the validity of the ICU scores was generally weak, largely due to poor functioning of the Unemotional subscale. Results from confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated support for a recently proposed shortened version of the ICU consisting of two subscales (Callousness and Uncaring). Both subscales showed acceptable to good internal consistency. This short-form version also improved criterion validity, though some issues regarding its convergent validity need further consideration. In conclusion, this study suggests that a short-form version of the ICU that includes a subset of the original items may hold promise as an efficient and valid method for assessing CU traits.

  • 2.
    Decuyper, Mieke
    et al.
    Department of Developmental, Personality and Social Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    Colins, Olivier F.
    Curium-Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands .
    De Clercq, Barbara
    Department of Developmental, Personality and Social Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    Vermeiren, Robert
    Curium-Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands; VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands .
    Broekaert, Eric
    Department of Orthopedagogy, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    Bijttebier, Patricia
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium .
    Roose, Annelore
    Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium .
    De Fruyt, Filip
    Department of Developmental, Personality and Social Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    Latent personality profiles and the relations with psychopathology and psychopathic traits in detained adolescents2013Inngår i: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, ISSN 0009-398X, E-ISSN 1573-3327, Vol. 44, nr 2, s. 217-232Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study constructed empirically derived subtypes of adolescent offenders based on general traits and examined their associations with psychopathology and psychopathic traits. The sample included 342 detained minors (172 boys and 170 girls; mean age 15.85 years, SD = 1.07) recruited in various Youth Detention Centers across the Flemish part of Belgium. All adolescents provided self-reports on the quick big five, the youth self report, and the youth psychopathic traits inventory to assess general traits, psychopathology, and psychopathic traits respectively. Latent class analyses based on general personality traits were performed and suggested three personality types, consisting of an emotionally labile, close-minded and goal-oriented class, an undercontrolled class, and an emotionally labile-careless class. These three personality types within detained minors showed particular constellations of general traits and differed meaningfully in terms of their mean-scores on externalizing psychopathology and psychopathy measures.

  • 3.
    Klingzell, Ida
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Fanti, Kostas
    Department of Psychology, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.
    Colins, Olivier
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete. Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Curium-Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands.
    Frogner, Louise
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Anna-Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Early Childhood Trajectories of Conduct Problems and Callous-Unemotional Traits: The Role of Fearlessness and Psychopathic Personality Dimensions2016Inngår i: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, ISSN 0009-398X, E-ISSN 1573-3327, Vol. 47, nr 2, s. 236-247Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Children with early onset of conduct problems (CP) are at risk for long lasting psychosocial problems, especially if CP co-occurs with callous-unemotional (CU) traits. Joint trajectories of CP and CU traits during early childhood were identified using data from the SOFIA study, following 2031 children longitudinally from ages 3-5 to 5-7 years. The results showed that children exhibiting stable high CP and CU traits were characterized by high levels of fearlessness, and psychopathic traits, including grandiose-deceitfulness, and impulsivity, need for stimulation. Children with decreasing or increasing CP and CU traits were characterized by decreases and increases respectively in their levels of fearlessness and psychopathic traits. Children high on CP and low on CU traits exhibited lower levels of these dimensions. Thus, stability and change of fearlessness and psychopathic traits are associated with stability and change in CP and CU traits, making these temperamental and personality traits promising target candidates for early intervention.

  • 4.
    Lopez-Romero, Laura
    et al.
    Departamento de Psicología Clínica y Psicobiología, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain; Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, Univ Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
    Romero, Estrella
    Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, Univ of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
    Andershed, Henrik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Conduct problems in childhood and adolescence: developmental trajectories, predictors and outcomes in a six-year follow up2015Inngår i: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, ISSN 0009-398X, E-ISSN 1573-3327, Vol. 46, nr 5, s. 762-773Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding youth conduct problems requires examination from a developmental perspective, analyzing distinctive pathways across childhood and adolescence, and identifying early predictors which will lead to specific adolescent outcomes. Bearing this in mind, developmental trajectories of conduct problems were identified from a person-oriented perspective, and using data collected from three waves over a six-year period, in a sample of Spanish children aged 6-11 at the onset of the study. Conduct problems showed five distinctive trajectories which were grouped into three major pathways in further analyses: Stable low, Stable high, and Decreasing. Associations with early personality and psychopathic traits, as well as with a wide range of adolescent behavioral and psychosocial outcomes were examined, revealing the Stable high group as exhibiting the highest risk profile. These results contribute to improving our knowledge about one of the most relevant problems in youth populations, and will help in refining interventions strategies by recognizing the developmental heterogeneity of the construct.

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