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  • 1.
    Allvin, Renee
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för klinisk medicin. Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro; Centre for Evidence Based Medicine and Assessment of Medical Technology, Örebro.
    Ehnfors, Margareta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och omsorg.
    Rawal, Narinder
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för klinisk medicin. Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro.
    Idvall, E.
    Research Section, Kalmar County Council, Kalmar; Department of Medicine and Health, Linköping University, Linköping.
    Experiences of the postoperative recovery process: an interview study2008Inngår i: The open nursing journal, ISSN 1874-4346, Vol. 2, s. 1-7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Few researchers have described postoperative recovery from a broad, overall perspective. In this article the authors describe a study focusing on patient and staff experiences of postoperative recovery using a qualitative descriptive design to obtain a description of the phenomenon. They performed 10 individual interviews with patients who had undergone abdominal or gynecological surgery and 7 group interviews with registered nurses working on surgical and gynecological wards and in primary care centers, surgeons from surgical and gynecological departments, and in-patients from a gynecological ward. The authors analyzed data using qualitative content analysis. Postoperative recovery is described as a Dynamic Process in an Endeavour to Continue With Everyday Life. This theme was further highlighted by the categories Experiences of the core of recovery and Experiences of factors influencing recovery. Knowledge from this study will help caregivers support patients during their recovery from surgery.

  • 2.
    Allvin, Renée
    Örebro universitet, Hälsoakademin.
    Postoperative recovery: development of a multi-dimensional questionnaire for assessment of Recovery2009Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to present a multi-dimensional instrument for self-assessment of progress in postoperative recovery. The author employs different research paradigms and methodologies to achieve this aim.

    Walker and Avant’s approach to concept analysis was used to examine the basic elements of postoperative recovery (Study I). The analysis identified different recovery dimensions and developed a theoretical definition showing postoperative recovery to be an energy-requiring process of returning to normality and wholeness, defined by comparative standards.

    Fourteen patients and 28 staff members participated in individual and focus group interviews aimed at describing patient and staff experiences of patient recovery (Study II). The essence of the postoperative recovery process was described as a desire to decrease unpleasant physical symptoms, reach a level of emotional wellbeing, regain functions, and re-establish activities.

    In Study III, 5 dimensions and 19 items were identified as a part of the operationalization process of the concept postoperative recovery. Fifteen staff members and 16 patients participated in the evaluation of content validity. On average, 85% of the participants considered the items as essential to the recovery process. In a test run of the questionnaire, 14 of 15 patients considered the questionnaire to be easy to understand and easy to complete. Twenty-five patients participated in the evaluation of intra-patient reliability. Percentage agreement (PA), systematic disagreement (RP, RC), and individual variability (RV) between the two assessments were calculated. PA measures ranged from 72% to 100%. The observed disagreement could be explained mainly by systematic disagreement.

    In total, 158 patients participated in the evaluation of construct validity, the ability to discriminate between groups, and the investigation of important item variables (Study IV). A rank-based statistical method for evaluation of paired, ordered categorical data from rating scales was used to evaluate consistency between the assessments of the Postoperative Recovery Profile (PRP) questionnaire and a global recovery scale. The number of months needed by participants to be regarded as fully recovered was studied by means of recovery profiles displayed by the cumulative proportion of recovered participants over time. A ranking list based on the participant’s appraisal of the five most important item variables in the PRP questionnaire was compiled to illustrate the rank ordering of the items. In comparing the assessments from the PRP questionnaire and the global recovery scale, 7.6% of all possible pairs were disordered. Twelve months after discharge 73% in the orthopaedic group were regarded as fully recovered, compared to 51% of the participants in the abdominal group (95% CI: 6% to 40%). The pain variable appeared among the top five most important items on eight measurement occasions, of eight possible, in both study groups.

    In conclusion, the PRP questionnaire was developed and support was given for validity and reliability. The questionnaire enables one to evaluate progress in postoperative recovery.

    Delarbeid
    1. Postoperative recovery: a concept analysis
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Postoperative recovery: a concept analysis
    2007 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 57, nr 5, s. 552-558Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Aim. This papaer presents a concept analysis of the phenomeneon postoperative recovery.

    Background. Each year, millions of patients throughout the world undergo surgical procedures. Although postoperative recovery is commonly used as an outcome of surgery, it is difficult to identify a standard definition.

    Method. Walker and Avant's concept analysis approach was used. Literature retrieved from MEDLINE and CINAHL databases for english language papers published from 1982 to 2005 was used for the analysis.

    Findings. The theoretical definition developed points out that postoperative recovery is an energy-requiring process of returning to normality and wholeness. It is defined by comparative standards, achieved by regaining control over physical, psychological, social and habitual functions, and results in a return to preoperative level of independence/dependence in activities of daily living and optimum level of psychological well-being.

    Conclusion. The concept of postoperative recovery lacks clarity, both in its meaning in relation to postoperative recovery to healthcare professionals in their care for surgical patients, and in the understanding of what researchers in this area really intend to investigate. The theoretical definition we have developed may be useful but needs to be further explored.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Oxford: Blackwell, 2007
    Emneord
    concept analysis, definition, postoperative, recovery
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Kirurgi; Vårdvetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-8079 (URN)10.1111/j.1365-2648.2006.04156.x (DOI)000244244000010 ()17284272 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-33846991897 (Scopus ID)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2009-10-05 Laget: 2009-10-05 Sist oppdatert: 2019-04-26bibliografisk kontrollert
    2. Experiences of the postoperative recovery process: an interview study
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Experiences of the postoperative recovery process: an interview study
    2008 (engelsk)Inngår i: The open nursing journal, ISSN 1874-4346, Vol. 2, s. 1-7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Few researchers have described postoperative recovery from a broad, overall perspective. In this article the authors describe a study focusing on patient and staff experiences of postoperative recovery using a qualitative descriptive design to obtain a description of the phenomenon. They performed 10 individual interviews with patients who had undergone abdominal or gynecological surgery and 7 group interviews with registered nurses working on surgical and gynecological wards and in primary care centers, surgeons from surgical and gynecological departments, and in-patients from a gynecological ward. The authors analyzed data using qualitative content analysis. Postoperative recovery is described as a Dynamic Process in an Endeavour to Continue With Everyday Life. This theme was further highlighted by the categories Experiences of the core of recovery and Experiences of factors influencing recovery. Knowledge from this study will help caregivers support patients during their recovery from surgery.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Bentham Science Publishers Ltd, 2008
    Emneord
    postoperative, recovery, experience, interview, content analysis
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Kirurgi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-8080 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2009-10-05 Laget: 2009-10-05 Sist oppdatert: 2017-10-18bibliografisk kontrollert
    3. Development of a questionnaire to measure patient-reported postoperative recovery: content validity and intra-patient reliability
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Development of a questionnaire to measure patient-reported postoperative recovery: content validity and intra-patient reliability
    Vise andre…
    2009 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice, ISSN 1356-1294, E-ISSN 1365-2753, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 411-419Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives. In this study we describe the development of a short, easy-to-use questionnaire to measure postoperative recovery and evaluate its content validity and intra-patient reliability.   The questionnaire is designed to evaluate the progress of postoperative recovery and the long-term follow-up of possible effects of interventions during recovery.

    Method. The study involved four steps. 1) A conceptualisation and item definitions were based on a theoretical framework and a description of patients' postoperative recovery from the perspective of patients, registered nurses and surgeons. 2) Content validity of items was tested through expert judgements. 3) A test run of the questionnaire was performed to confirm its feasibility and workload requirement. 4) The stability of the questionnaire was evaluated through intra-patient reliability assessment.

    Results. As a result of the operationalisation process of the concept postoperative recovery, five dimensions (physical symptoms, physical functions, psychological, social, activity) and 19 items were identified. Each item was formulated as a statement in the questionnaire. Content validity was judged to be high. After the pre-test of the questionnaire a revision with refinements in the layout was made. The vast majority of items showed a high level of intra-patient reliability.

    Conclusion. Based on a theoretical framework and empirical data, we developed a short and easy-to-use tentative questionnaire to measure patient-reported postoperative recovery. Initial support for content validity was established. The vast majority of items showed a high level of test-retest reliability.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2009
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Kirurgi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-8081 (URN)10.1111/j.1365-2753.2008.01027.x (DOI)000266425900002 ()
    Merknad

    Part of thesis: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-7731

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2009-10-05 Laget: 2009-10-05 Sist oppdatert: 2019-04-03bibliografisk kontrollert
    4. The Postoperative Recovery Profile (PRP): a multidimensional questionnaire for evaluation of recovery profiles
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The Postoperative Recovery Profile (PRP): a multidimensional questionnaire for evaluation of recovery profiles
    Vise andre…
    2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice, ISSN 1356-1294, E-ISSN 1365-2753, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 236-243Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Background. The previously developed Postoperative Recovery Profile (PRP) questionnaire is intended for self-assessment of general recovery after surgery. The aim of this study was to further evaluate the questionnaire regarding the construct validity and ability to discriminate recovery profiles between groups. Furthermore, the item variables of greatest importance during the progress of recovery were investigated.

    Methods. Postoperative recovery was assessed during the period from discharge to 12 months after lower abdominal- and orthopedic surgery. Construct validity was evaluated by comparing the assessments from the PRP-questionnaire and a global recovery scale. Recovery profiles of the diagnose groups were displayed by the cumulative proportion recovered participants over time. The importance of item variables was investigated by ranking ordering.

    Results. A total of 158 patients were included. The result showed that 7.6 % of all possible pairs were disordered when comparing the assessments from the PRP questionnaire and the global recovery scale. Twelve months after discharge 51 % participants in the abdominal group were fully recovered, as compared with the 73%, in the orthopedic group (95% CI: 6 % to 40 %). The item variable pain appeared as top five at eight measurement occasions of eight possible in both the abdominal and the orthopedic groups. The importance of the items was emphasized.

    Conclusions. The PRP questionnaire allows for evaluation of the progress of postoperative recovery, and can be useful to assess patient-reported recovery after surgical treatment. Knowledge about recovery profiles can assist clinicians in determining the critical time points for measuring change.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Wiley-Blackwell, 2011
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Kirurgi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-8083 (URN)10.1111/j.1365-2753.2010.01422.x (DOI)000288217700005 ()20846316 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-79952668667 (Scopus ID)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2009-10-05 Laget: 2009-10-05 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-13
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
    Download (pdf)
    COVER01
  • 3.
    Allvin, Renée
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för klinisk medicin. Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Örebro University Hospital ,Örebro,Sweden.
    Berg, Katarina
    Department of Medicine and Care, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Idvall, Ewa
    Research Section, Kalmar County Council, Kalmar,Sweden; Department of Medicine and Care, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Ulrica
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och omsorg. Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro,Sweden; Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Örebro University Hospital , Örebro, Sweden.
    Postoperative recovery: a concept analysis2007Inngår i: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 57, nr 5, s. 552-558Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim. This papaer presents a concept analysis of the phenomeneon postoperative recovery.

    Background. Each year, millions of patients throughout the world undergo surgical procedures. Although postoperative recovery is commonly used as an outcome of surgery, it is difficult to identify a standard definition.

    Method. Walker and Avant's concept analysis approach was used. Literature retrieved from MEDLINE and CINAHL databases for english language papers published from 1982 to 2005 was used for the analysis.

    Findings. The theoretical definition developed points out that postoperative recovery is an energy-requiring process of returning to normality and wholeness. It is defined by comparative standards, achieved by regaining control over physical, psychological, social and habitual functions, and results in a return to preoperative level of independence/dependence in activities of daily living and optimum level of psychological well-being.

    Conclusion. The concept of postoperative recovery lacks clarity, both in its meaning in relation to postoperative recovery to healthcare professionals in their care for surgical patients, and in the understanding of what researchers in this area really intend to investigate. The theoretical definition we have developed may be useful but needs to be further explored.

  • 4.
    Allvin, Renée
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för klinisk medicin.
    Ehnfors, Margareta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och omsorg.
    Rawal, Narinder
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för klinisk medicin.
    Idvall, Ewa
    Experiences of the postoperative recovery process: an interview study2008Inngår i: The open nursing journal, ISSN 1874-4346, Vol. 2, s. 1-7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Few researchers have described postoperative recovery from a broad, overall perspective. In this article the authors describe a study focusing on patient and staff experiences of postoperative recovery using a qualitative descriptive design to obtain a description of the phenomenon. They performed 10 individual interviews with patients who had undergone abdominal or gynecological surgery and 7 group interviews with registered nurses working on surgical and gynecological wards and in primary care centers, surgeons from surgical and gynecological departments, and in-patients from a gynecological ward. The authors analyzed data using qualitative content analysis. Postoperative recovery is described as a Dynamic Process in an Endeavour to Continue With Everyday Life. This theme was further highlighted by the categories Experiences of the core of recovery and Experiences of factors influencing recovery. Knowledge from this study will help caregivers support patients during their recovery from surgery.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 5.
    Allvin, Renée
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för klinisk medicin.
    Ehnfors, Margareta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och omsorg.
    Rawal, Narinder
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för klinisk medicin.
    Svensson, Elisabeth
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Idvall, Ewa
    Development of a questionnaire to measure patient-reported postoperative recovery: content validity and intra-patient reliability2009Inngår i: Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice, ISSN 1356-1294, E-ISSN 1365-2753, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 411-419Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives. In this study we describe the development of a short, easy-to-use questionnaire to measure postoperative recovery and evaluate its content validity and intra-patient reliability.   The questionnaire is designed to evaluate the progress of postoperative recovery and the long-term follow-up of possible effects of interventions during recovery.

    Method. The study involved four steps. 1) A conceptualisation and item definitions were based on a theoretical framework and a description of patients' postoperative recovery from the perspective of patients, registered nurses and surgeons. 2) Content validity of items was tested through expert judgements. 3) A test run of the questionnaire was performed to confirm its feasibility and workload requirement. 4) The stability of the questionnaire was evaluated through intra-patient reliability assessment.

    Results. As a result of the operationalisation process of the concept postoperative recovery, five dimensions (physical symptoms, physical functions, psychological, social, activity) and 19 items were identified. Each item was formulated as a statement in the questionnaire. Content validity was judged to be high. After the pre-test of the questionnaire a revision with refinements in the layout was made. The vast majority of items showed a high level of intra-patient reliability.

    Conclusion. Based on a theoretical framework and empirical data, we developed a short and easy-to-use tentative questionnaire to measure patient-reported postoperative recovery. Initial support for content validity was established. The vast majority of items showed a high level of test-retest reliability.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 6.
    Allvin, Renée
    et al.
    Region Örebro län. Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Clinical Skills Center.
    Fjordkvist, Erika
    Departments of Orthopedics, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Blomberg, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Struggling to be seen and understood as a person: chronic back pain patients’ experiences of encounters in healthcare: an interview study2019Inngår i: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 6, nr 3, s. 1047-1054Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe how patients with chronic back pain experience encounters with health care. Persons with chronic back pain are a stigmatized group often treated based on stereotypes, which may lead to misunderstandings and create frustrated patients and healthcare personnel. Few studies have examined the generic aspects of quality of care in this context.

    Design: A descriptive design with a qualitative approach was used.

    Methods: Nine individual interviews were conducted with chronic back pain patients after admission to an orthopaedic hospital ward. Data were analysed using content analysis.

    Results: The patients’ experiences of healthcare encounters can be described by the theme “Struggling to be seen and understood as a person,” comprising the categories “Lack of access and trust to care",“A desire to be taken care of and listened to” and “Own strength to handle healthcare situations.”

  • 7.
    Allvin, Renée
    et al.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Kling, Anna-Maria
    Statistical and Epidemiology Unit, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Idvall, Ewa
    Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö and Skåne University Hospital, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Svensson, Elisabeth
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) after total hip- and knee replacement surgery evaluated by the Postoperative Recovery Profile questionnaire (PRP): improving clinical quality and person-centeredness2012Inngår i: The International Journal of Person Centered Medicine, ISSN 2043-7730, E-ISSN 2043-7749, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 368-376Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Rationale and aims: The importance of evaluating postoperative recovery with consideration to the patient’s perspectivehas been emphasized. The aim of this study was to demonstrate how the recovery-specific Postoperative Recovery Profile(PRP) questionnaire can be used to evaluate patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) after hip- and knee replacementin the enhancement of clinical quality and the person-centeredness of clinical services. Method: Patients undergoing primary total knee- and hip replacement were eligible for this longitudinal follow-up study. The participants completed the PRP questionnaire on repeated occasions. In this paper, data from Day 3 and Month 1 afterdischarge were used. The change in recovery, between the two measurement occasions, on item-, dimensional- and globallevels, both for each patient and for the group, were evaluated. Results: A total number of 75 patients were included. One month after discharge the median PRP score was 13 (partly recovered) out of 19. Recovery changes towards lower levels of problems/difficulties were shown in both item-, dimensional- and global levels of recovery month 1 after discharge, as compared with Day 3. The group of patients washomogenous in change. Conclusions: We demonstrated that the PRP questionnaire can be used to evaluate postoperative recovery after hip- andknee replacement surgery on item-, dimensional- and global levels. Data from each recovery level can be useful for quality development and in informing increases in the person-centeredness of clinical services. The global population scores can beused to evaluate treatment effect on a group of patients. It can also be used to define endpoints in follow-up studies.

  • 8.
    Allvin, Renée
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Rawal, Narinder
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Johanzon, Eva
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Bäckström, Ragnar
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Open versus Laparoscopic Surgery: Does the Surgical Technique Influence Pain Outcome? Results from an International Registry2016Inngår i: Pain Research and Treatment, ISSN 2090-1542, E-ISSN 2090-1550, artikkel-id 4087325Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Postoperative pain management relevant for specific surgical procedures is debated. The importance of evaluating pain with consideration given to type of surgery and the patient's perspective has been emphasized. In this prospective cohort study, we analysed outcome data from 607 patients in the international PAIN OUT registry for assessment and comparison of postoperative pain outcome within the 24 first hours after laparoscopic and open colonic surgery. Patients from the laparoscopic group scored minimum pain at a higher level than the open group (P = 0.012). Apart from minimum pain, no other significant differences in patient reported outcomes were observed. Maximum pain scores >3 were reported from 77% (laparoscopic) and 68% (open) patients (mean >= 5 in both groups). Pain interference with mobilization was reported by 87-93% of patients. Both groups scored high levels of patient satisfaction. In the open group, a higher frequency of patients received a combination of general and regional anaesthesia, which had an impact of the minimum pain score. Our results from registry data indicate that surgical technique does not influence the quality of postoperative pain management during the first postoperative day if adequate analgesia is given.

  • 9.
    Allvin, Renée
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för klinisk medicin.
    Svensson, Elisabeth
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Rawal, Narinder
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för klinisk medicin.
    Ehnfors, Margareta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och omsorg.
    Kling, Anna-Maria
    Statistical and Epidemiology Unit, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Idvall, Ewa
    The Postoperative Recovery Profile (PRP): a multidimensional questionnaire for evaluation of recovery profiles2011Inngår i: Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice, ISSN 1356-1294, E-ISSN 1365-2753, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 236-243Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. The previously developed Postoperative Recovery Profile (PRP) questionnaire is intended for self-assessment of general recovery after surgery. The aim of this study was to further evaluate the questionnaire regarding the construct validity and ability to discriminate recovery profiles between groups. Furthermore, the item variables of greatest importance during the progress of recovery were investigated.

    Methods. Postoperative recovery was assessed during the period from discharge to 12 months after lower abdominal- and orthopedic surgery. Construct validity was evaluated by comparing the assessments from the PRP-questionnaire and a global recovery scale. Recovery profiles of the diagnose groups were displayed by the cumulative proportion recovered participants over time. The importance of item variables was investigated by ranking ordering.

    Results. A total of 158 patients were included. The result showed that 7.6 % of all possible pairs were disordered when comparing the assessments from the PRP questionnaire and the global recovery scale. Twelve months after discharge 51 % participants in the abdominal group were fully recovered, as compared with the 73%, in the orthopedic group (95% CI: 6 % to 40 %). The item variable pain appeared as top five at eight measurement occasions of eight possible in both the abdominal and the orthopedic groups. The importance of the items was emphasized.

    Conclusions. The PRP questionnaire allows for evaluation of the progress of postoperative recovery, and can be useful to assess patient-reported recovery after surgical treatment. Knowledge about recovery profiles can assist clinicians in determining the critical time points for measuring change.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 10.
    Blomberg, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Allvin, Renée
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Ewertsson, Mona
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Gustafsson, Margareta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Kullén Engström, Agneta
    Borås högskola, Borås, Sweden.
    Ohlsson, Ulla
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Sundler Johansson, Annelie
    Skövde högskola, Skövde, Sweden.
    Bisholt, Birgitta
    Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Clinical group supervision in nursing education for integrate ethical reasoning: students and supervisors’ view2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 11.
    Blomberg, Karin
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Isaksson, Ann-Kristin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Allvin, Renée
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin. Clinical Skills Centre, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Örebro.
    Bisholt, Birgitta
    Department of Nursing, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Ewertsson, Mona
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Kullén Engström, Agneta
    School of Health, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Ohlsson, Ulla
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Sundler, Annelie Johansson
    School of Life Sciences, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Margareta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Work stress among newly graduated nurses in relation to workplace and clinical group supervision2016Inngår i: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 80-87Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim was to investigate occupational stress among newly graduated nurses in relation to the workplace and clinical group supervision.

    Background: Being a newly graduated nurse is particularly stressful. What remains unclear is whether the workplace and clinical group supervision affect the stress.

    Method: A cross-sectional comparative study was performed in 2012. Data were collected by means of a numerical scale measuring occupational stress, questions about workplace and clinical group supervision. One hundred and thirteen nurses who had recently graduated from three Swedish universities were included in the study.

    Results: The stress was high among the newly graduated nurses but it differed significantly between workplaces, surgical departments generating the most stress. Nurses who had received clinical group supervision reported significantly less stress. The stress between workplaces remained significant also when participation in clinical group supervision was taken into account.

    Conclusions: Newly graduated nurses experience great stress and need support, especially those in surgical departments. Nurses participating in clinical group supervision reported significantly less stress.

    Implications for nursing management: It is important to develop strategies that help to adapt the work situation so as to give nurses the necessary support. Clinical group supervision should be considered as an option for reducing stress.

  • 12.
    Bratt, Annika
    et al.
    Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Allvin, Renée
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Region Örebro län. Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Wann-Hansson, Christine
    Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Modifying a generic postoperative recovery profile instrument to an instrument specifically targeting coronary artery bypass grafting2017Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 475-486Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients may suffer from a wide range of postoperative symptoms after coronary artery bypass grafting. In-depth knowledge of the recovery process is a prerequisite for nursing interventions. However, we found no specific instrument covering the entire range and duration of postoperative symptoms related to this procedure. We therefore modified and extended the 19 items, generic Postoperative Recovery Profile questionnaire for the specific evaluation of the recovery after coronary artery bypass grafting. We here report on the development process of the new questionnaire. Procedure-specific symptoms were identified by a literature review and by experts. The content validity was assessed by healthcare professionals (n = 15), inpatients (n = 12) and outpatients (n = 4). A test run was done with inpatients (n = 10), which was followed by a test-retest reliability evaluation with inpatients (n = 24). We identified 15 new symptoms in the literature review and six in the content validity assessment. Only three of the 35 items had an acceptable content validity index, but all 35 items in the test run were reported by at least two patients. The questionnaire took 4-9 minutes to complete and was considered easy to use. The final instrument used in the reliability test included 22 new items, and 25 of the 35 items were satisfactory stable. To conclude, we developed a 35 items, procedure-specific questionnaire that was easy to use and may aid systematic assessment of the recovery after coronary artery bypass grafting.

  • 13.
    Ewertsson, Mona
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Allvin, Renee
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin. Region Örebro län. Clinical Skills Centre, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Holmström, Inger K.
    School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden; Department of Public Health and Caring Science, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Blomberg, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Walking the bridge: Nursing students' learning in clinical skill laboratories2015Inngår i: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 277-283Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite an increasing focus on simulation as a learning strategy in nursing education, there is limited evidence on the transfer of simulated skills into clinical practice. Therefore it's important to increase knowledge of how clinical skills laboratories (CSL) can optimize students' learning for development of professional knowledge and skills, necessary for quality nursing practice and for patient safety. Thus, the aim was to describe nursing students' experiences of learning in the CSL as a preparation for their clinical practice. Interviews with 16 students were analysed with content analysis. An overall theme was identified walking the bridge in which the CSL formed a bridge between the university and clinical settings, allowing students to integrate theory and practice and develop a reflective stance. The theme was based on categories: conditions for learning, strategies for learning, tension between learning in the skills laboratory and clinical settings, and development of professional and personal competence. The CSL prepared the students for clinical practice, but a negative tension between learning in CSL and clinical settings was experienced. However, this tension may create reflection. This provides a new perspective that can be used as a pedagogical approach to create opportunities for students to develop their critical thinking.

  • 14.
    Ewertsson, Mona
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Allvin, Renée
    Örebro University Hospital, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
    Holmström, Inger
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Blomberg, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Nurse students’ experiences of learning in clinical skills laboratory: the bridge between university and clinical settings2013Inngår i: Nordic Conference on Advances in Health Care Sciences Research 2013, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Ewertsson, Mona
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Allvin, Renée
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Region Örebro län. Clinical Skills Centre, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Blomberg, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Tensions in learning professional identities - nursing students' narratives and participation in practical skills during their clinical practice: an ethnographic study2017Inngår i: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 16, artikkel-id 48Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Clinical practice is a pivotal part of nursing education. It provides students with the opportunity to put the knowledge and skills they have acquired from lectures into practice with real patients, under the guidance of registered nurses. Clinical experience is also essential for shaping the nursing students' identity as future professional nurses. There is a lack of knowledge and understanding of the ways in which students learn practical skills and apply knowledge within and across different contexts, i.e. how they apply clinical skills, learnt in the laboratory in university settings, in the clinical setting. The aim of this study was therefore to explore how nursing students describe, and use, their prior experiences related to practical skills during their clinical practice.

    METHODS: An ethnographic case study design was used. Fieldwork included participant observations (82 h), informal conversations, and interviews (n = 7) that were conducted during nursing students' (n = 17) clinical practice at an emergency department at a university hospital in Sweden.

    RESULTS: The overarching theme identified was "Learning about professional identities with respect to situated power". This encompasses tensions in students' learning when they are socialized into practical skills in the nursing profession. This overarching theme consists of three sub-themes: "Embodied knowledge", "Divergent ways of assessing and evaluating knowledge" and "Balancing approaches".

    CONCLUSIONS: Nursing students do not automatically possess the ability to transfer knowledge from one setting to another; rather, their development is shaped by their experiences and interactions with others when they meet real patients. The study revealed different ways in which students navigated tensions related to power differentials. Reflecting on actions is a prerequisite for developing and learning practical skills and professional identities. This highlights the importance of both educators' and the preceptors' roles for socializing students in this process.

  • 16.
    Ewertsson, Mona
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Gustafsson, Margareta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Blomberg, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Holmström, Inger
    School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
    Allvin, Renée
    Clinical Skills Centre, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Use of technical skills and medical devices among new registered nurses: a questionnaire study. New registered nurses’ use of technical skills and possibility for continued learning2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17.
    Ewertsson, Mona
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Gustafsson, Margareta
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Blomberg, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin.
    Holmström, Inger K.
    School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden; Department of Public Health and Caring Science, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Allvin, Renée
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap och medicin. Region Örebro län. Clinical Skills Centre, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Use of technical skills and medical devices among new registered nurses: A questionnaire study2015Inngår i: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 35, nr 12, s. 1169-1174Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: One comprehensive part of nursing practice is performing technical skills and handling of medical equipment. This might be challenging for new registered nurses (RNs) to do in patient-safe way.

    Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe and compare the extent to which new RNs perform various technical skills and handle medical devices in different settings, and to investigate their possibility for continued learning in this respect. A further aim was to describe their perceptions of incident reporting related to technical skills and medical devices.

    Design: A cross-sectional study with descriptive and comparative design.

    Participants: RNs who recently graduated from a nursing programme at three Swedish universities and had worked as a RN for up to 1year were included in the study (n=113, response rate 57%).

    Method: Data were collected by means of a postal questionnaire.

    Results: Half of the RNs reported that they performed several of the listed tasks every day or every week, regardless of workplace. These tasks were most frequently performed in surgical departments. The majority of the participants (76%) stated a need of continued practical training. However, less than half of them (48%) had access to a training environment. Several participants (43%) had been involved in incidents related to technical skills or medical devices, which were not always reported. Nearly a third of the participants (31%) did not use the existing guidelines when performing technical skills, and reflection on performance was uncommon.

    Conclusions: This study highlights the importance of shared responsibilities between nurse educators and health care employers to provide learning opportunities for new RNs in technical skills, to maintain patient safety. To increase the safety culture where nursing students and new RNs understand the importance of using evidence-based guidelines and taking a reflective approach in the performance of technical tasks is needed.

  • 18.
    Hartwig, Markus
    et al.
    Department of Anaesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Allvin, Renée
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive care, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Bäckström, Ragnar
    Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive care, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Stenberg, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Region Örebro län. Department of Surgery, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Factors Associated with Increased Experience of Postoperative Pain after Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass Surgery2017Inngår i: Obesity Surgery, ISSN 0960-8923, E-ISSN 1708-0428, Vol. 27, nr 7, s. 1854-1858Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Patients with high body mass index (BMI), pre-existing pain and young age and women seem to experience more postoperative pain. Few studies have, however, addressed these risk factors amongst obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. The aim of the present study was to evaluate risk factors for postoperative pain following laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery.

    Methods: In this cohort study, we used data from the PAIN OUT register for postoperative pain during the first 24 h after surgery. Primary outcome measure was severity of pain after surgery. Multivariate analyses were conducted to evaluate BMI, young age, gender and pre-existing pain as independent risk factors for postoperative pain.

    Results: We included 192 patients in this study. Younger age (B -0.08, 95%CI -0.11 to -0.05/year; p < 0.001), female gender (B 0.92, 95%CI 0.10-1.75; p = 0.029) and pre-existing pain (B 1.06, 95%CI 0.03-2.09; p = 0.044) were all associated with an increased risk for postoperative pain. In the multivariate analyses, only young age ((adjusted OR 0.95, 95%CI 0.92-0.97/year; p < 0.001) and pre-existing pain (adjusted OR 2.56, 95%CI 1.09-6.00; p = 0.031) remained as independent risk factors for severe postoperative pain.

    Conclusion: Younger age and pre-existing pain are associated with severe postoperative pain during the first 24 h after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery, whereas female gender and high BMI are not.

  • 19.
    Hilding, Ulrika
    et al.
    Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Allvin, Renée
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Region Örebro län.
    Blomberg, Karin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
    Striving for a balance between leading and following the patient and family - nurses' strategies to facilitate the transition from life-prolonging care to palliative care: an interview study2018Inngår i: BMC Palliative Care, ISSN 1472-684X, E-ISSN 1472-684X, Vol. 17, nr 1, artikkel-id 55Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The transition from life-prolonging to palliative care (PC) can be challenging often characterized by psychical, physiological, social and existential changes. Knowledge of how to support the patient and family in this specific care phase is lacking, and this area needs to be further explored. The aim of this study was to investigate strategies that registered nurses (RNs) use to ease the transition from life-prolonging care to PC for patients with incurable disease.

    METHODS: The study has a descriptive design. Fourteen RNs working in a specialized PC unit were interviewed. The data were analysed using content analysis.

    RESULTS: The RNs' strategies can be described under the categories "Getting to know the patient and creating a relationship", "Providing support", "Adapting to individuals' needs" and "Enabling conversations".

    CONCLUSION: The findings show that the RNs in this population used strategies that not only took time but also required knowledge about the transition process and required the ability to identify and meet patients' and families' unique needs. Patients' difficult and exposed situation needs to be addressed through a structured follow-up after informing about the change from life-prolonging care to PC. RNs have a unique role of supporting both the patient and the family in the transition from life-prolonging care to PC for patients with incurable disease.

  • 20.
    Tamás, Éva
    et al.
    Institution for Medicine and Health, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, Sweden.
    Södersved Källestedt, Marie-Louise
    Clinical Skills Centre, Centre for Clinical Research, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hult, Håkan
    Department of Clinical Science Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Carlzon, Liisa
    Simulation Centre West, Department of Research, Education and Development, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Karlgren, Klas
    The Södersjukhuset Hospital and Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Berndtzon, Magnus
    Metodikum - Skill Centre of Medical Simulation, Region County Jönköping, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Hultin, Magnus
    Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care (Sunderbyn), Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Masiello, Italo
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Allvin, Renée
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Region Örebro län. Clinical Skills Centre.
    Simulation educators in clinical work: the manager's perspective2020Inngår i: Journal of Health Organisation & Management, ISSN 1477-7266, E-ISSN 1758-7247, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 181-191Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: Information is scarce on healthcare managers' understanding of simulation educators' impact on clinical work. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore healthcare managers' perceptions of the significance of clinically active simulation educators for the organisation.

    DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Healthcare managers were invited to be interviewed in a semi-structured manner. Inductive thematic analysis was used to identify and analyse patterns of notions describing the managers' perceptions of simulation educators' impact as co-workers on their healthcare organisations.

    FINDINGS: The identified relevant themes for the healthcare unit were: (1) value for the manager, (2) value for the community and (3) boundaries. Simulation educators were perceived to be valuable gatekeepers of evidence-based knowledge and partners in leadership for educational issues. Their most prominent value for the community was establishing a reflective climate, facilitating open communication and thereby improving the efficacy of teamwork. Local tradition, economy, logistics and staffing of the unit during simulation training were suggested to have possible negative impacts on simulation educators' work.

    PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The findings might have implications for the implementation and support of simulation training programs.

    SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS: Healthcare managers appreciated both the personal value of simulation educators and the effect of their work for their own unit. Local values were prioritised versus global. Simulation training was valued as an educational tool for continual professional development, although during the interviews, the managers did not indicate the importance of employment of pedagogically competent and experienced staff.

    ORIGINALITY/VALUE: The study provided new insights about how simulation educators as team members affect clinical practice.

  • 21.
    Tamás, Éva
    et al.
    Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Institute of Medicine and Health, Medical Faculty, University of Linköping, Linköping, Sweden.
    Södersved Källestedt, Marie-Louise
    Clinical Skills Center, Center for Clinical Research, Uppsala University, Västeras, Sweden.
    Hult, Håkan
    Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Karlgren, Klas
    Department of Learning, Informatics, Management, and Ethics and Department of Clinical Science and Education, So¨dersjukhuset, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Allvin, Renée
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper. Region Örebro län. Clinical Skills Center.
    Closing the Gap: Experienced Simulation Educators' Role and Impact on Everyday Health care2019Inngår i: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, ISSN 0894-1912, E-ISSN 1554-558X, Vol. 39, nr 1, s. 36-41Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Trained simulation educators (SEs) usually work both at simulation centers and in everyday health care, and thus, they possess dual expertise. Experienced SEs are known to grow confident with their expanding experience, but evidence is scarce about how this affects their development as clinical professionals. The aim of this study was to explore how experienced SEs describe their role within the context of everyday health care.

    METHODS: An explorative descriptive study including 14 semistructured interviews and 27 questionnaires was conducted with 41 experienced SEs. An inductive thematic analysis was used to identify and analyze patterns describing SEs' perceptions of the influence of their educational work on everyday health care.

    RESULTS: The SEs' descriptions of their encounters during everyday clinical work, which were affected by the fact that they had experience of facilitating simulation training, were gathered into three main themes with three of their own subthemes: education (educational needs, routines/guidelines, and being a resource), nontechnical skills (communication, feedback, and leadership/coworkership), and clinical proficiency (situational insight, role model, and confidence in clinical practice). The insights gained and actions taken as clinical professionals are all intended to be implemented with the ultimate aim of safe patient care.

    DISCUSSION: All the aspects of the SEs' work are perceived to be successfully translated into clinical practice and can be summarized by the main themes of education, nontechnical skills, and clinical proficiency as delineated by this study. These themes are demonstrated at the individual, team, and organizational levels through increased competence and confidence.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal.

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