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  • 1.
    Berg, Monika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Myndigheter skapar trygghet och tillit i segregerade områden2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2.
    Berg, Monika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Speaking across epistemologies: a deliberative view on authoritative knowledge for social change2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Berg, Monika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Sociology Department.
    Dahl, Viktor
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Political Science Department.
    Mechanisms of trust for different modes of welfare service provision2019Inngår i: Public Management Review, ISSN 1471-9037, E-ISSN 1471-9045Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Welfare services are an important channel for building institutional trust. But does it matter if the service is publicly or privately provided? Using SEM on individual data from public and private schools in Sweden, the authors test how the provision mode moderates the effects of positive and negative school experiences on trust in government. The results show that students' perceptions of teacher fairness are dependent on provision mode. Negative experiences are associated with decreased trust in government only in private schools. Positive experiences didn't affect trust. Thus, the use of private providers may provide greater challenges for maintaining institutional trust

  • 4.
    Berg, Monika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    De Majo, Veronica
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap. Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Understanding the Global Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction2017Inngår i: Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, ISSN 1944-4079, E-ISSN 1944-4079, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 147-167Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Disasters are a growing internation al con cern that has spurred the de velopme nt of politicalstrate gies and policies from international to local levels. T his paper analyzes how disasters areconstructed as a policy problem within the UN global strategy for disaster risk reducti on.Building on a social constructivist view of policy problems, we analyze how disasters anddisaster risks are being represented throug h the se global polic ies, while we also pay attention towhat this representation excludes and de-emphasizes. We show that the UN strategy is mostlyconcerned w ith adjustin g or adapting societies to hazards, and managing risks, rat her thanaddressin g the social processes that render people vulnerable to those hazards. The pre dominantconcern with technological and managerial solutions eclipses the need f or changes in the socia lstructures that create disaster risks. We argue t hat the understanding of disasters represented inthe UN strategy support s an emerging holistic paradigm. However, we also argue that the holismit represents is limited rather than radical. By making visible what is excluded or not properlyproblemat ized in this represent ation, we point to t he complexity of t he task and show where itslimitations lie.

  • 5.
    Berg, Monika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Tobias
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Building Institutional Trust Through Service Experiences: Private Versus Public Provision Matter2019Inngår i: Journal of public administration research and theory, ISSN 1053-1858, E-ISSN 1477-9803Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Welfare service experiences are known to shape citizens' trust in public institutions and their sup-port of the welfare state. But, there is poor understanding of how this relationship is shaped in systems of mixed provision, that is, welfare states that use public in-house as well as contracted private providers for publically funded services. Drawing on the notion of system trust this article provides a theoretical account of how mixed-provision welfare systems condition the relationship between service experience and trust, affecting the legitimacy of the state. Utilizing a random-ized vignette experiment with participants in a general citizen survey in Sweden, we investigate whether it matters for the formation of institutional trust if the welfare service is provided by a public or third-party private provider. The main result show that the spillover of trust from positive service experiences with the provider to trust in public institutions is higher in cases of public ser-vice provision. Thus, the possibility of using welfare services to build trust in the welfare system seems to be greater when public provision is used.

  • 6.
    Berg, Monika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Johansson, Tobias
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro Universitet.
    Trust and safety in the segregated city: contextualizing the relationship between institutional trust, crime-related insecurity and generalized trust2016Inngår i: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, Vol. 39, nr 4, s. 458-481Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Trust is a crucial asset for any society, and the quest to generate and uphold trust is as crucial as ever. Several contemporary societal developments are proposed as being particularly challenging for upholding and restoring the levels of trust in society, including increasing ethnic diversity, rising inequality and the related geographical segregation. It has been convincingly argued that democratic institutions may generate trust by neutralizing some of these effects. This article explores how the mechanisms of trust differ in segregated, disadvantaged neighbourhoods as opposed to the surrounding general society. The empirical material consists of individual-level data from a segregated neighbourhood (Vivalla) in a medium-sized city in Sweden (Örebro), with a random sample from the population of the city (the Vivalla area excluded) as the comparison reference point, representing the general society. In the article we introduce perceived safety as an important mediator between trust in legal and government institutions and generalized trust, through which the differing mechanisms become evident. In the disadvantaged neighbourhood, we show that trust in government institutions has the function of primarily decreasing crime-related insecurity, which in its turn affects generalized trust. Thus, the relationship is indirect. In the city population, the effect instead goes directly from trust in government institutions to generalized trust. The results suggest that the potentials of different means to build and restore trust are dependent on local context.

  • 7.
    Berg, Monika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Deliberative democracy meets democratised science: a deliberative systems approach to global environmental governance2018Inngår i: Environmental Politics, ISSN 0964-4016, E-ISSN 1743-8934, Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 1-20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The main achievements of the debates on deliberative democracy and democratised science are investigated in order to analyse the reasons, meanings and prospects for a democratisation of global environmental policy. A deliberative systems approach, which emphasises the need to explore how processes in societal spheres interact to shape the deliberative qualities of the system as a whole, is adopted. Although science plays a key role in this, its potential to enhance deliberative capacity has hardly been addressed in deliberative theories. The democratisation of science has potential to contribute to the democratisation of global environmental policy, in that it also shapes the potential of deliberative arrangements in the policy sphere. Deliberative arrangements within the policy sphere may stimulate the democratisation of science to different degrees.

  • 8.
    Berg, Monika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Pathways to deliberative capacity: the role of the IPCC2018Inngår i: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 148, nr 1-2, s. 11-24Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the arguments for expanding deliberation in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and scrutinizes their implications for the deliberative capacity of global environmental governance (GEG). An analysis of the IPCC is presented that builds on a systematic literature review and thus a broad set of scientific debates concerning the IPCC. Based on this analysis, two different paths are outlined, one moderate and one radical; these paths ascribe different democratizing functions to the IPCC and rely on different epistemologies. The moderate path emphasizes decision capacity, whereas the radical path strives to create deliberative space and to identify the value inherent in different claims. It is argued that the IPCC cannot accommodate the aspirations of these different pathways in a single assessment. Parallel assessments must be developed in complementary subject areas with different science-policy relations.

  • 9.
    Berg, Monika
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Saikkonen, Paula
    Finnish institute for health and welfare, Finland.
    The eco-social Nordic welfare state – a distant dream or apossible future?2019Inngår i: The Relational Nordic Welfare State: Between Utopia and Ideology / [ed] Sakari Hänninen, Kirsi-Marja Lehtelä and Paula Saikkonen, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019, s. 162-183Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10.
    Boström, Magnus
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Andersson, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Berg, Monika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Gustafsson, Karin M
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Gustavsson, Eva
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hysing, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Löfmarck, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ojala, Maria
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Olsson, Jan
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Singleton, Benedict E
    Swedish Biodiversity Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Svenberg, Sebastian
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Uggla, Ylva
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Öhman, Johan
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Conditions for Transformative Learning for Sustainable Development: A Theoretical Review and Approach2018Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 12, artikkel-id 4479Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Continued unsustainability and surpassed planetary boundaries require not only scientific and technological advances, but deep and enduring social and cultural changes. The purpose of this article is to contribute a theoretical approach to understand conditions and constraints for societal change towards sustainable development. In order to break with unsustainable norms, habits, practices, and structures, there is a need for learning for transformation, not only adaption. Based on a critical literature review within the field of learning for sustainable development, our approach is a development of the concept of transformative learning, by integrating three additional dimensions—Institutional Structures, Social Practices, and Conflict Perspectives. This approach acknowledges conflicts on macro, meso, and micro levels, as well as structural and cultural constraints. It contends that transformative learning is processual, interactional, long-term, and cumbersome. It takes place within existing institutions and social practices, while also transcending them. The article adopts an interdisciplinary social science perspective that acknowledges the importance of transformative learning in order for communities, organizations, and individuals to be able to deal with global sustainability problems, acknowledging the societal and personal conflicts involved in such transformation.

  • 11.
    Gustafsson, Karin M
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Berg, Monika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Early career scientists in IPCC: A moderate or radical pathway towards a sustainable future?2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Global knowledge assessments such as the IPCC play a key role for our understanding of climate change, as well as the direction of policy to combat it. Thus, IPCC’s assessments have a framing effect that influences the potential and direction of sustainability transformations. The IPCC has been criticized for its natural scientific dominance which has favored a narrow set of solutions that do not address the root causes of co2 emissions, such as growth. As a consequence of this criticism there have been enduring calls for the inclusion of a broader set of perspectives in the IPCC. In this paper we present two different pathways for increased inclusion and influence of the IPCC that derive from current theoretical debates. We use these two perspectives to explore IPCC introduction of early career scientists, the role they play in the organization, and how this role is to be understood in terms of creating an opportunity for institutional change and sustainability transformations. The introduction of early career scientists partly divert from IPCC’s previous strategy to reach sustainability by enrolling world leading scientists to 'speak truth to power'. The change can be seen in the light of a growing work load, but it also involves the inclusion of a new group and the opportunity to, at least partly meet the criticism regarding lack of inclusion. Empirically, the study analyze interviews, documents, and scientific journal articles. Theoretically, the study elaborate on how the socialization process can enhance deliberative capability for sustainability transformations.

    Implications for sustainability transformations: Global knowledge assessments does not per se result in sustainability transformations. Knowledge assessments may be organized in ways that either prevent or enable transformative changes. Due to its framing effect, a reflective and deliberate organization, execution, and use of knowledge assessments is crucial to enable future sustainability transformations.

  • 12.
    Gustafsson, Karin M.
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Berg, Monika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Löfmarck, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Intersectional boundary work in socializing new experts: The case of IPBES2019Inngår i: Ecosystems and people, ISSN 2639-5908, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 181-191Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Expert organizations are often described as facilitators of the interactions between science and policy. In managing this boundary, they must also manage other boundaries, such as those between different knowledge systems and between different categories of actors. However, how this intersectional boundary work is performed, and what it implies, is still unexplored territory. Focusing on the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), this study contributes knowledge on the intersectionality of boundary work and how it influences the production of global policy-relevant knowledge. This is done by examining how IPBES socializes junior experts to become senior experts. This socialization process makes a number of norms and ideals visible and enables an analysis of how the know- how of boundary work is passed forward from one generation of experts to the next. The study analyzes three boundaries: between senior and junior experts, between science and policy, and between scientific knowledge and indigenous and local knowledge. The findings show how intersectional boundary work is crucial in the creation of expert organizations and policy-relevant knowledge. In the case of IPBES, this study shows how the institutionalization of the organization unintentionally has created restrictions for the boundary work between different knowledge systems.

  • 13.
    Hellberg, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.
    Karlsson, MartinÖrebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.Larsson, HannuÖrebro universitet, Handelshögskolan vid Örebro universitet.Lundberg, ErikÖrebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.Persson, MonikaÖrebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling: tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet2011Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling - Tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet samlar texter från doktorander och forskare knutna till Forskarskolan Offentlig verksamhet i utveckling (FOVU) vid Örebro Universitet. Antologin erbjuder en mångdisciplinär och omfångsrik behandling av en rad viktiga utmaningar för dagens offentlig verksamhet. I boken behandlas ämnen som korruption, jämställdhet, trygghet, medborgardialog, sjukskrivning och högerextremism. Målsättningen med boken är att skapa en bro mellan inomvetenskapliga debatter, offentlig praktik och politik. Här erbjuds kortare texter som på ett överskådligt sätt angriper praktikrelevanta ämnen utan att göra avkall på den vetenskapliga kvaliteten. Vissa texter erbjuder forskningsöversikter och reder ut oklarheter i teoretiska debatter, medan andra presenterar resultat av empirisk forskning.

  • 14.
    Lidskog, Rolf
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Persson, Monika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Community safety policies in Sweden: a policy change in crime control strategies?2012Inngår i: International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, E-ISSN 1532-4265, Vol. 35, nr 5, s. 293-302Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Internationally, there has been a general trend towards crime prevention and community safety measures. The main policy ideas and instruments associated with this trend have spread widely in Western countries. This article examines the Swedish national crime prevention policy. As Sweden is a welfare society with a long tradition of social crime prevention, it is of great interest to explore to what extent the aforementioned trend has influenced its crime prevention policy. We do this by examining Sweden’s national policy and how its concepts have spread to the local level—specifically, to municipalities and their local crime prevention councils. We find that there has been a preventive shift in Sweden, although not as far-reaching as in many other European countries. Substantial changes have occurred in the understanding and direction of crime prevention work, and the question is to what extent this development will continue.

  • 15.
    Olsson, Jan
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Berg, Monika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Hysing, Erik
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Kristianssen, Ann-Catrin
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Petersén, Anna
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Policy i teori och praktik2019Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Policy, offentliga organisationers handlingsinriktning - uttalad eller outtalad - som vägleder beslut och handlingar och som medför viktiga värdeprioriteringar, utgör själva innehållet i politiken. Den här boken ger en introduktion till hur policyprocessen fungerar i praktiken och hur policyforskare förstår och analyserar den. 

    I boken första del beskrivs och problematiseras policyprocessens olika faser, från att en fråga hamnar på den politiska agendan till att en politisk reform utvärderas. I bokens andra del introduceras centrala teoritraditioner och perspektiv inom policyforskningen. 

  • 16.
    Persson, Monika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    A policy problem that cannot escape its past: constraints on the reformation of safety policy2015Inngår i: Critical Policy Studies, ISSN 1946-0171, E-ISSN 1946-018X, Vol. 9, nr 2, s. 158-176Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Within many current policy theories there is a tendency to first identify change and then explainit. A retrospective analysis of policy changes risks missing continuous processes and struggles forchange as well as mechanisms of resistance to change. Taking this as a point of departure, thispaper develops an understanding of the policy process as a struggle over meaning, as a way toallow for a more nuanced understanding of the dynamics of policy change and continuity. Thisapproach is illustrated by an analysis of the formation of public safety policy in Sweden.Alternative storylines giving ‘new’ meanings to the policy problem were strategicallyincorporated into the policy discourse. However, it is found that an ideational path-dependency ofthe policy constrains the possibility for problem reformulation and thereby also the possibility forpolicy change. The discourses that instantiated the policy problem not only affect the ways inwhich the problem is rendered thinkable for the purposes of its government, but also for policyanalysts as well as the public. The analysis shows that it is crucial to understand the interrelationsbetween different discourses (within policy, politics and research) to understand the mechanismsof policy change and continuity.

  • 17.
    Persson, Monika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    A policy problem that cannot escape its past: constraints on the reformation of safety policyManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Within many current policy theories there is a tendency to first identify change and then explain it. A retrospective analysis of policy changes risks missing continuous processes and struggles for change as well as mechanisms of resistance to change. Taking this as a point of departure, this paper develops an understanding of the policy process as a struggle over meaning, as a way to allow for a more nuanced understanding of the dynamics of policy change and continuity. This approach is illustrated by an analysis of the formation of public safety policy in Sweden. Alternative storylines giving ‘new’ meanings to the policy problem were strategically incorporated into the policy discourse. However, it is found that an ideational path-dependency of the policy constrains the possibility for problem reformulation and thereby also the possibility for policy change. The discourses that instantiated the policy problem affect the ways in which the problem is rendered thinkable for the purposes of its government, but also for policy analysts as well as the public. The analysis shows that it is crucial to understand the interrelations between different discourses (within policy, politics and research) to understand the mechanisms of policy change and continuity.

  • 18.
    Persson, Monika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    A theoretical inquiry of the use of knowledge in the policy process2013Inngår i: Knowledge and policy change / [ed] Henrik Lindberg, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2013, 1, s. 22-41Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Persson, Monika
    Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap.
    Forskningens roll i trygghetspolitiken2011Inngår i: Perspektiv på offentlig verksamhet i utveckling: tolv kapitel om demokrati, styrning och effektivitet / [ed] Ann-Sofie Hellberg, Martin Karlsson, Hannu Larsson, Erik Lundberg, Monika Persson, Örebro: Örebro universitet , 2011, s. 21-31Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Persson, Monika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Local sensemaking of policy paradoxes: implementing local crime prevention in Sweden2012Inngår i: Public Organization Review, ISSN 1566-7170, E-ISSN 1573-7098, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 1-20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the policy implementation of local crime prevention and community safety programmes in Sweden. It focuses on the clash between the transnational idea-complex and the national context, i.e. the unavoidable policy paradoxes of a transnational idea diffusion, and how they are made sense of when handled at local level. In particular, it emphasizes how actors in socioeconomically different local contexts within the same urban area have partly different reasons and motives for implementation. By using a sensemaking approach, this article contributes to the understanding of how convergence at national level is followed by divergence at local level.

  • 21.
    Persson, Monika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Place and unsafety: does place affect feelings of unsafety?2015Inngår i: Place and identity: A new landscape of social and political change in Sweden / [ed] Marco Eimermann och Anders Trumberg, Stockholm: Santérus Academic Press Sweden, 2015, s. 180-204Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 22.
    Persson, Monika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The dynamics of policy formation: making sense of feelings of public unsafety2014Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Every policy problem has inherent value dimensions. It is on the basis of values that a state of affairs is perceived as undesirable, and thus acknowledged as a problem. This makes the process of defining and negotiating the meaning of a problem an essentially political process. Despite this, bureaucracy and expertise have a strong, if not increasing, influence over the formation of policy problems. An objectivist knowledge view predominates within the public managerial realm, which obscures the political dimension of problem formulation, while policy problems tend to be approached as a matter of efficiency.

    This thesis provides an account of mechanisms that shape and constrain the way a particular policy problem is understood and addressed. It analyses how policy actors make sense of particular problems, by drawing on different discourses (scientific, institutional, popular or media). The empirical case of this thesis is the formation of public safety policy in Sweden. The understanding of the problem of unsafety within Swedish policy is shown to be intrinsically related to the research field of fear of crime. The two are mutually dependent and exert an ideational path dependency. The ideational constraints on the understanding of unsafety are further affected by the institutional setting. It is argued that the appointed institutions and the emphasis on local level have a part in fostering individualist explanations and solutions,while obviating structural interpretations of the problem.

    The thesis finds that when governing complex policy problems there is a need to pay closer attention to how the problem is defined and how its meaning is constrained. It is crucial to make transparent the values inherent in definitions of problems as well as in research claims. By acknowledging the entwinement of policy and research the policy formation process may become characterized by greater reflexivity, and the possibility of resolving wicked problems may enlarge.

    Delarbeid
    1. Community safety policies in Sweden: a policy change in crime control strategies?
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Community safety policies in Sweden: a policy change in crime control strategies?
    2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, E-ISSN 1532-4265, Vol. 35, nr 5, s. 293-302Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Internationally, there has been a general trend towards crime prevention and community safety measures. The main policy ideas and instruments associated with this trend have spread widely in Western countries. This article examines the Swedish national crime prevention policy. As Sweden is a welfare society with a long tradition of social crime prevention, it is of great interest to explore to what extent the aforementioned trend has influenced its crime prevention policy. We do this by examining Sweden’s national policy and how its concepts have spread to the local level—specifically, to municipalities and their local crime prevention councils. We find that there has been a preventive shift in Sweden, although not as far-reaching as in many other European countries. Substantial changes have occurred in the understanding and direction of crime prevention work, and the question is to what extent this development will continue.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Taylor & Francis Group, 2012
    Emneord
    crime prevention, community safety, preventive turn, policy convergence, Sweden
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Sociologi; Statskunskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24083 (URN)10.1080/01900692.2011.646084 (DOI)2-s2.0-84859879717 (Scopus ID)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Swedish Research Council Formas
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-07-12 Laget: 2012-07-12 Sist oppdatert: 2017-10-13bibliografisk kontrollert
    2. Local sensemaking of policy paradoxes: implementing local crime prevention in Sweden
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Local sensemaking of policy paradoxes: implementing local crime prevention in Sweden
    2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Public Organization Review, ISSN 1566-7170, E-ISSN 1573-7098, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 1-20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the policy implementation of local crime prevention and community safety programmes in Sweden. It focuses on the clash between the transnational idea-complex and the national context, i.e. the unavoidable policy paradoxes of a transnational idea diffusion, and how they are made sense of when handled at local level. In particular, it emphasizes how actors in socioeconomically different local contexts within the same urban area have partly different reasons and motives for implementation. By using a sensemaking approach, this article contributes to the understanding of how convergence at national level is followed by divergence at local level.

    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32441 (URN)10.1007/s11115-012-0181-z (DOI)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-11-18 Laget: 2013-11-18 Sist oppdatert: 2017-10-13bibliografisk kontrollert
    3. A policy problem that cannot escape its past: constraints on the reformation of safety policy
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A policy problem that cannot escape its past: constraints on the reformation of safety policy
    (engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Within many current policy theories there is a tendency to first identify change and then explain it. A retrospective analysis of policy changes risks missing continuous processes and struggles for change as well as mechanisms of resistance to change. Taking this as a point of departure, this paper develops an understanding of the policy process as a struggle over meaning, as a way to allow for a more nuanced understanding of the dynamics of policy change and continuity. This approach is illustrated by an analysis of the formation of public safety policy in Sweden. Alternative storylines giving ‘new’ meanings to the policy problem were strategically incorporated into the policy discourse. However, it is found that an ideational path-dependency of the policy constrains the possibility for problem reformulation and thereby also the possibility for policy change. The discourses that instantiated the policy problem affect the ways in which the problem is rendered thinkable for the purposes of its government, but also for policy analysts as well as the public. The analysis shows that it is crucial to understand the interrelations between different discourses (within policy, politics and research) to understand the mechanisms of policy change and continuity.

    Emneord
    policy, process, public safety, sweden, politics, research
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Statskunskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37714 (URN)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-10-14 Laget: 2014-10-14 Sist oppdatert: 2017-10-17bibliografisk kontrollert
    4. The relative importance of institutional trust in countering feelings of unsafety in disadvantaged neighbourhoods
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The relative importance of institutional trust in countering feelings of unsafety in disadvantaged neighbourhoods
    2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: European Spatial Research and Policy, ISSN 1231-1952, E-ISSN 1896-1525, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 73-95Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The segregated nature of urban areas reflects an uneven exposure to risk and unsafety. This article analyzes the relevance of place to people’s feelings of unsafety by comparing questionnaire responses from people living in a segregated, disadvantaged neighbourhood to a random sample of people living in the same city. The results suggest that the central factors explaining the individual’s feelings of unsafety differ in this particular neighbourhood compared to the broader population. The article shows that place has a moderating effect on feelings of unsafety. Trust in public institutions is argued to be particularly important in segregated, disadvantaged neighbourhoods because of its potential to prevent feelings of unsafety.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    De Gruyter Open, 2013
    Emneord
    Feelings of unsafety, trust, moderation, segregation
    HSV kategori
    Forskningsprogram
    Statskunskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32440 (URN)10.2478/esrp-2013-0004 (DOI)2-s2.0-84992315595 (Scopus ID)
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-11-18 Laget: 2013-11-18 Sist oppdatert: 2018-03-06bibliografisk kontrollert
  • 23.
    Persson, Monika
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    The relative importance of institutional trust in countering feelings of unsafety in disadvantaged neighbourhoods2013Inngår i: European Spatial Research and Policy, ISSN 1231-1952, E-ISSN 1896-1525, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 73-95Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The segregated nature of urban areas reflects an uneven exposure to risk and unsafety. This article analyzes the relevance of place to people’s feelings of unsafety by comparing questionnaire responses from people living in a segregated, disadvantaged neighbourhood to a random sample of people living in the same city. The results suggest that the central factors explaining the individual’s feelings of unsafety differ in this particular neighbourhood compared to the broader population. The article shows that place has a moderating effect on feelings of unsafety. Trust in public institutions is argued to be particularly important in segregated, disadvantaged neighbourhoods because of its potential to prevent feelings of unsafety.

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